Philosophy in the Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-07-07
ISBN 10: 0199577498
ISBN 13: 9780199577491
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World Book Review:

Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to thephilosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism--the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews--and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The first partof the book looks at the blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning, the second discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), and a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires.

Philosophy in the Islamic World A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy in the Islamic World  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-09-24
ISBN 10: 0191506583
ISBN 13: 9780191506581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World A Very Short Introduction Book Review:

In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies.

Philosophy in the Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-09
ISBN 10: 0199683670
ISBN 13: 9780199683673
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World Book Review:

In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World

Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World
Author: C. A. Qadir
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-05-08
ISBN 10: 9780415830829
ISBN 13: 0415830826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World Book Review:

The basis of Muslim philosophy and science is the instruction buried in the Quran. At an early date this tradition was enlarged and strengthened by the infiltration into Muslim culture of Greek philosophy and science through the translation of Greek classics by Muslims. The Indian tradition of thought also made its contribution to this intellectual leaven. This book traces the development and interaction of these strands in Muslim thinking. The author is concerned to show both how philosophy and science are related to specifically religious thought, and how they have made distinctive contributions to method and discovery. The impact of secularisation on the Muslim world puts these traditions under considerable strain, and it is interesting to define how far this pressure is a productive and fertile one. The current century has seen a Renaissance of Muslim science and philosophy; this book sets the new achievements clearly against their historical background. First published in 1988.

Philosophy and Language in the Islamic World

Philosophy and Language in the Islamic World
Author: Nadja Germann,Mostafa Najafi
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2020-11-23
ISBN 10: 311055223X
ISBN 13: 9783110552232
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Language in the Islamic World Book Review:

What is language? How did it originate and how does it work? What is its relation to thought and, beyond thought, to reality? Questions like these have been at the center of lively debate ever since the rise of scholarly activities in the Islamic world during the 8th/9th century. However, in contrast to contemporary philosophy, they were not tackled by scholars adhering to only one specific discipline. Rather, they were addressed across multiple fields and domains, no less by linguists, legal theorists, and theologians than by Aristotelian philosophers. In response to the different challenges faced by these disciplines, highly sophisticated and more specialized areas emerged, comparable to what nowadays would be referred to as semantics, pragmatics, and hermeneutics, to name but a few – fields of research that are pursued to this day and still flourish in some of the traditional schools. Philosophy of language, thus, has been a major theme throughout Islamic intellectual culture in general; a theme which, probably due to its trans-disciplinary nature, has largely been neglected by modern research. This book brings together for the first time experts from the various fields involved, in order to explore the riches of this tradition and make them accessible to a broader public interested both in philosophy and the history of ideas more generally.

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-09-02
ISBN 10: 3110552183
ISBN 13: 9783110552188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World Book Review:

This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

The Seamstress and the Wind

The Seamstress and the Wind
Author: César Aira
Publsiher: New Directions Publishing
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2011-06-28
ISBN 10: 0811219348
ISBN 13: 9780811219341
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Seamstress and the Wind Book Review:

As he runs wildly amok, Aira captures childhood’s treasures — the reality of the fable and the delirium of invention — in this hilariously funny book. The Seamstress and the Wind is a deliciously laugh-out-loud-funny novel. A seamstress who is sewing a wedding dress for the pregnant local art teacher fears that her son, while playing in a big semitruck, has been accidentally kidnapped and driven off to Patagonia. Completely unhinged, she calls a local taxi to follow the semi in hot pursuit. When her husband finds out what’s happened, he takes off after wife and child. They race not only to the end of the world, but to adventures in desire — where the wild Southern wind falls in love with the seamstress, and a monster child takes up with the truck driver. Interspersed are Aira’s musings about memory and childhood, and his hometown of Coronel Pringles, with a compelling view of the hard lot of this working-class town, situated not far from Buenos Aires.

Open to Reason

Open to Reason
Author: Souleymane Bachir Diagne
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2018-08-21
ISBN 10: 0231546173
ISBN 13: 9780231546171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Open to Reason Book Review:

What does it mean to be a Muslim philosopher, or to philosophize in Islam? In Open to Reason, Souleymane Bachir Diagne traces Muslims’ intellectual and spiritual history of examining and questioning beliefs and arguments to show how Islamic philosophy has always engaged critically with texts and ideas both inside and outside its tradition. Through a rich reading of classical and modern Muslim philosophers, Diagne explains the long history of philosophy in the Islamic world and its relevance to crucial issues of our own time. From classical figures such as Avicenna to the twentieth-century Sufi master and teacher of tolerance Tierno Bokar Salif Tall, Diagne explores how Islamic thinkers have asked and answered such questions as Does religion need philosophy? How can religion coexist with rationalism? What does it mean to interpret a religious narrative philosophically? What does it mean to be human, and what are human beings’ responsibilities to nature? Is there such a thing as an “Islamic” state, or should Muslims reinvent political institutions that suit their own times? Diagne shows that philosophizing in Islam in its many forms throughout the centuries has meant a commitment to forward and open thinking. A remarkable history of philosophy in the Islamic world as well as a work of philosophy in its own right, this book seeks to contribute to the revival of a spirit of pluralism rooted in Muslim intellectual and spiritual traditions.

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world
Author: Raji C. Steineck,Ralph Weber,Robert Gassmann,Elena Lange
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2018-05-17
ISBN 10: 9004360115
ISBN 13: 9789004360112
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world Book Review:

Concepts of Philosophy challenges received conceptions of philosophy by way of critical engagement with Chinese and Japanese sources. Built on philologically sound readings of specific texts, the book lifts the discussion on the concept of philosophy to a global plane.

Classical Indian Philosophy

Classical Indian Philosophy
Author: Peter Adamson,Jonardon Ganeri
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2020-03-26
ISBN 10: 0192592661
ISBN 13: 9780192592668
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Classical Indian Philosophy Book Review:

Peter Adamson and Jonardon Ganeri present a lively introduction to one of the world's richest intellectual traditions: the philosophy of classical India. They begin with the earliest extant literature, the Vedas, and the explanatory works that these inspired, known as Upaniṣads. They also discuss other famous texts of classical Vedic culture, especially the Mahābhārata and its most notable section, the Bhagavad-Gīta, alongside the rise of Buddhism and Jainism. In this opening section, Adamson and Ganeri emphasize the way that philosophy was practiced as a form of life in search of liberation from suffering. Next, the pair move on to the explosion of philosophical speculation devoted to foundational texts called 'sutras,' discussing such traditions as the logical and epistemological Nyāya school, the monism of Advaita Vedānta, and the spiritual discipline of Yoga. In the final section of the book, they chart further developments within Buddhism, highlighting Nagārjuna's radical critique of 'non-dependent' concepts and the no-self philosophy of mind found in authors like Dignāga, and within Jainism, focusing especially on its 'standpoint' epistemology. Unlike other introductions that cover the main schools and positions in classical Indian philosophy, Adamson and Ganeri's lively guide also pays attention to philosophical themes such as non-violence, political authority, and the status of women, while considering textual traditions typically left out of overviews of Indian thought, like the Cārvaka school, Tantra, and aesthetic theory as well. Adamson and Ganeri conclude by focusing on the much-debated question of whether Indian philosophy may have influenced ancient Greek philosophy and, from there, evaluate the impact that this area of philosophy had on later Western thought.

The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy
Author: Cambridge companion to philosophy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780521520690
ISBN 13: 052152069X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy Book Review:

An accessible introduction to Arabic philosophy from the 'classical' period to later Islamic thought.

The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy

The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy
Author: Richard C. Taylor,Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 1317484320
ISBN 13: 9781317484325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy Book Review:

This valuable reference work synthesizes and elucidates traditional themes and issues in Islamic philosophy as well as prominent topics emerging from the last twenty years of scholarship. Written for a wide readership of students and scholars, The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy is unique in including coverage of both perennial philosophical issues in an Islamic context and also distinct concerns that emerge from Islamic religious thought. This work constitutes a substantial affirmation that Islamic philosophy is an integral part of the Western philosophical tradition. Featuring 33 chapters, divided into seven thematic sections, this volume explores the major areas of philosophy: Logic, Metaphysics, Philosophy in the Sciences, Philosophy of Mind/Epistemology, and Ethics/Politics as well as philosophical issues salient in Islamic revelation, theology, prophecy, and mysticism. Other features include: •A focus on both the classical and post-classical periods •A contributing body that includes both widely respected scholars from around the world and a handful of the very best younger scholars •"Reference" and "Further Reading" sections for each chapter and a comprehensive index for the whole volume The result is a work that captures Islamic philosophy as philosophy. In this way it serves students and scholars of philosophy and religious studies and at the same time provides valuable essays relevant to the study of Islamic thought and theology.

Philosophies of Islamic Education

Philosophies of Islamic Education
Author: Mujadad Zaman,Nadeem A. Memon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2016-03-31
ISBN 10: 1317657640
ISBN 13: 9781317657644
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophies of Islamic Education Book Review:

The study of Islamic education has hitherto remained a tangential inquiry in the broader focus of Islamic Studies. In the wake of this neglect, a renaissance of sorts has occurred in recent years, reconfiguring the importance of Islam’s attitudes to knowledge, learning and education as paramount in the study and appreciation of Islamic civilization. Philosophies of Islamic Education, stands in tandem to this call and takes a pioneering step in establishing the importance of its study for the educationalist, academic and student alike. Broken into four sections, it deals with theological, pedagogic, institutional and contemporary issues reflecting the diverse and often competing notions and practices of Islamic education. As a unique international collaboration bringing into conversation theologians, historians, philosophers, teachers and sociologists of education Philosophies of Islamic Education intends to provide fresh means for conversing with contemporary debates in ethics, secularization theory, child psychology, multiculturalism, interfaith dialogue and moral education. In doing so, it hopes to offer an important and timely contribution to educational studies as well as give new insight for academia in terms of conceiving learning and education.

What is Islamic Philosophy

What is Islamic Philosophy
Author: Roy Jackson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2014-02-05
ISBN 10: 1317814045
ISBN 13: 9781317814047
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What is Islamic Philosophy Book Review:

What is Islamic Philosophy? offers a broad introduction to Islamic thought, from its origins to the many challenging issues facing Muslims in the contemporary world. The chapters explore early Islamic philosophy and trace its development through key themes and figures up to the twenty-first century. Topics covered include: ethical issues such as just war, abortion, women’s rights, homosexuality and cloning questions in political philosophy regarding what kind of Islamic state could exist and how democratic can (or should) Islam really be the contribution of Islam to ‘big questions’ such as the existence of God, the concept of the soul, and what constitutes truth. This fresh and original book includes a helpful glossary and suggestions for further reading. It is ideal for students coming to the subject for the first time as well as anyone wanting to learn about the philosophical tradition and dilemmas that are part of the Islamic worldview.

Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings

Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings
Author: Muḥammad ʿAlī al- Ḫālidī,Muhammad Ali Khalidi,Karl Ameriks,Desmond M. Clarke
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2005-01-03
ISBN 10: 9780521529631
ISBN 13: 0521529638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings Book Review:

Publisher Description

Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present

Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2006-05-11
ISBN 10: 0791481557
ISBN 13: 9780791481554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present Book Review:

A comprehensive overview of the Islamic philosophical tradition. AIslamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present offers a comprehensive overview of Islamic philosophy from the ninth century to the present day. As Seyyed Hossein Nasr attests, within this tradition, philosophizing is done in a world in which prophecy is the central reality of life—a reality related not only to the realms of action and ethics but also to the realm of knowledge. Comparisons with Jewish and Christian philosophies highlight the relation between reason and revelation, that is, philosophy and religion. Nasr presents Islamic philosophy in relation to the Islamic tradition as a whole, but always treats this philosophy as philosophy, not simply as intellectual history. In addition to chapters dealing with the general historical development of Islamic philosophy, several chapters are devoted to later and mostly unknown philosophers. The work also pays particular attention to the Persian tradition. Nasr stresses that the Islamic tradition is a living tradition with significance for the contemporary Islamic world and its relationship with the West. In providing this seminal introduction to a tradition little-understood in the West, Nasr also shows readers that Islamic philosophy has much to offer the contemporary world as a whole. Seyyed Hossein Nasr is University Professor of Islamic Studies at The George Washington University. He is the author and editor of many books, including Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization.

An Introduction to Islamic Philosophy

An Introduction to Islamic Philosophy
Author: Massimo Campanini
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015079334754
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Islamic Philosophy Book Review:

Provides a broad, comprehensive, and yet concise introduction to Islamic philosophy covering a vast subject area in a relatively short book.

Arab Islamic Philosophy

Arab Islamic Philosophy
Author: Muḥammad ʻĀbid Jābirī
Publsiher: University of Texas Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780292704800
ISBN 13: 0292704801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arab Islamic Philosophy Book Review:

The distinguished Moroccan philosopher Mohammed Abed al-Jabri, in this summary of his own work, examines the status of Arab thought in the late twentieth century. Al-Jabri rejects what he calls the current polarization of Arab thought between an imported modernism that disregards Arab tradition and a fundamentalism that would reconstruct the present in the image of an idealized past. Both past and present intellectual currents are examined. Al-Jabri first questions the current philosophical positions of the liberals, the Marxists, and the fundamentalists. Then he turns to history, exploring Arab philosophy in the tenth and twelfth centuries, a time of political and ideological struggle. In the writings of Ibn Hazm and Averroës, he identifies the beginnings of Arab rationalism, a rationalism he traces through the innovative fourteenth­century work of Ibn Khaldun. Al-Jabri offers both Western readers and his own compatriots a radical new approach to Arab thought, one that finds in the past the roots of an open, critical rationalism which he sees as emerging in the Arab world today.

A Brief Introduction to Islamic Philosophy

A Brief Introduction to Islamic Philosophy
Author: Oliver Leaman
Publsiher: Polity
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2000-04-14
ISBN 10: 9780745619613
ISBN 13: 0745619614
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Brief Introduction to Islamic Philosophy Book Review:

Islamic philosophy represents one of the most important philosophical traditions in the world.

Contemporary Thought in the Muslim World

Contemporary Thought in the Muslim World
Author: Carool Kersten
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2019-06-17
ISBN 10: 1135008930
ISBN 13: 9781135008932
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary Thought in the Muslim World Book Review:

This book presents an intellectual history of today’s Muslim world, surveying contemporary Muslim thinking in its various manifestations, addressing a variety of themes that impact on the lives of present-day Muslims. Focusing on the period from roughly the late 1960s to the first decade of the twenty-first century, the book is global in its approach and offers an overview of different strands of thought and trends in the development of new ideas, distinguishing between traditional, reactionary, and progressive approaches. It presents a variety of themes and issues including: The continuing relevance of the legacy of traditional Islamic learning as well as the use of reason; the centrality of the Qur’an; the spiritual concerns of contemporary Muslims; political thought regarding secularity, statehood, and governance; legal and ethical debates; related current issues like human rights, gender equality, and religious plurality; as well as globalization, ecology and the environment, bioethics, and life sciences. An alternative account of Islam and the Muslim world today, counterbalancing narratives that emphasise politics and confrontations with the West, this book is an essential resource for students and scholars of Islam.