Phase Transitions in Polymers The Role of Metastable States

Phase Transitions in Polymers  The Role of Metastable States
Author: Stephen Z.D. Cheng
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2008-09-10
ISBN 10: 9780080558202
ISBN 13: 0080558208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions in Polymers The Role of Metastable States Book Review:

A classical metastable state possesses a local free energy minimum at infinite sizes, but not a global one. This concept is phase size independent. We have studied a number of experimental results and proposed a new concept that there exists a wide range of metastable states in polymers on different length scales where their metastability is critically determined by the phase size and dimensionality. Metastable states are also observed in phase transformations that are kinetically impeded on the pathway to thermodynamic equilibrium. This was illustrated in structural and morphological investigations of crystallization and mesophase transitions, liquid-liquid phase separation, vitrification and gel formation, as well as combinations of these transformation processes. The phase behaviours in polymers are thus dominated by interlinks of metastable states on different length scales. This concept successfully explains many experimental observations and provides a new way to connect different aspects of polymer physics. * Written by a leading scholar and industry expert * Presents new and cutting edge material encouraging innovation and future research * Connects hot topics and leading research in one concise volume

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields
Author: Sergey A. Vshivkov
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2019-05-14
ISBN 10: 1527534561
ISBN 13: 9781527534568
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields Book Review:

Generalized extensive experimental and theoretical data regarding the phase transitions of polymer systems in mechanical and magnetic fields provide the possibility to predict the results of external field effects on the structure and mutual solubility of components. The data on dynamic structuring in deformed polymer blends and solutions allow for the use of found regularities by the processing of polymer systems. The methods offered in this book allow for the connection of shift of phase diagrams in the mechanical field with changes in macromolecule sizes. The tutorials described here will help the reader to correctly build the phase diagrams of polymer systems using a variety of methods.

The International Symposium on Phase Transitions in Polymers

The International Symposium on Phase Transitions in Polymers
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 325
Release: 1980
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1084401957
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The International Symposium on Phase Transitions in Polymers Book Review:

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author: Yrjö H. Roos,Yrjo H Roos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 1995-06-12
ISBN 10: 9780080538730
ISBN 13: 0080538738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions in Foods Book Review:

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Phase Transition Dynamics

Phase Transition Dynamics
Author: Akira Onuki
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2002-06-06
ISBN 10: 9781139433167
ISBN 13: 1139433164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transition Dynamics Book Review:

Phase transition dynamics is centrally important to condensed matter physics. This 2002 book treats a wide variety of topics systematically by constructing time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau models for various systems in physics, metallurgy and polymer science. Beginning with a summary of advanced statistical-mechanical theories including the renormalization group theory, the book reviews dynamical theories, and covers the kinetics of phase ordering, spinodal decomposition and nucleation in depth. The phase transition dynamics of real systems are discussed, treating interdisciplinary problems in a unified manner. Topics include supercritical fluid dynamics, stress-diffusion coupling in polymers and mesoscopic dynamics at structural phase transitions in solids. Theoretical and experimental approaches to shear flow problems in fluids are reviewed. Phase Transition Dynamics provides a comprehensive account, building on the statistical mechanics of phase transitions covered in many introductory textbooks. It will be essential reading for researchers and advanced graduate students in physics, chemistry, metallurgy and polymer science.

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers
Author: William Kung
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 191
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9812834974
ISBN 13: 9789812834973
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geometry and Phase Transitions in Colloids and Polymers Book Review:

This monograph represents an extension of the author''s original PhD thesis and includes a more thorough discussion on the concepts and mathematics behind his research works on the foam model, as applied to studying issues of phase stability and elasticity for various non-closed packed structures found in fuzzy and colloidal crystals, as well as on a renormalization-group analysis regarding the critical behavior of loop polymers upon which topological constraints are imposed. The common thread behind these two research works is their demonstration of the importance and effectiveness of utilizing geometrical and topological concepts for modeling and understanding soft systems undergoing phase transitions.

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics
Author: Himadri B. Bohidar
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2015-01-05
ISBN 10: 1107058708
ISBN 13: 9781107058705
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Polymer Physics and Molecular Biophysics Book Review:

"Provides a physical interpretation of the data obtained in macromolecular transport phenomena in a given system and also addresses some important issues and concepts related to biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids"--

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author: Yrjo H Roos,Stephan Drusch
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2015-10-05
ISBN 10: 0124079229
ISBN 13: 9780124079229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions in Foods Book Review:

Phase Transitions in Foods, Second Edition, assembles the most recent research and theories on the topic, describing the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of change. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. It should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of non-fat food solids as "biopolymers" which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occurring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research

Polymers Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields

Polymers  Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields
Author: Yoav Tsori,Ullrich Steiner
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9814271683
ISBN 13: 9789814271684
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields Book Review:

Shows how an electric field can be used to affect objects at the submicron scale, and how it controls the phase behavior of liquids and polymers. This book focuses on the basic underlying mechanisms. It also deals with some technological applications.

Physicists on Wall Street and Other Essays on Science and Society

Physicists on Wall Street and Other Essays on Science and Society
Author: Jeremy Bernstein
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2008-11-01
ISBN 10: 9780387567914
ISBN 13: 0387567917
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physicists on Wall Street and Other Essays on Science and Society Book Review:

Over the years, Jeremy Bernstein has been in contact with many of the world’s most renowned physicists and other scientists, many of whom were involved in politics, literature, and language. In this diverse collection of essays, he reflects on their work, their personal relationships, their motives, and their contributions. Even for those people he writes about that he did not know personally, he provides important insights into their lives and work, and questions their character, their decisions, and the lives they led. In the first three essays, Professor Bernstein looks at economic theory and how some physicists who developed interesting economic models based on derivatives and hedge funds almost led to the country into bankruptcy. In later essays, he discusses a suspect visit to Poland by the great Heisenberg during the Nazi era, a visit that there is almost nothing written about. Included also are essays on ancient languages and a nuclear weapons program in South Africa that was supposedly dismantled. In one particularly humorous essay, he describes how an ill-conceived manned spaceship to be powered by an atomic bomb was being developed by some of the country’s most powerful intellects. The project never got off the ground. Dipping into these pages is like rummaging around in the mind of a genius who has a potpourri of interests and an abundance of fascinating experiences. Bernstein has not only rubbed elbows with some of the finest minds in world, he has worked and played with them. He has sometimes mourned with them and laughed at them. His sharp wit and even sharper analysis make for a fascinating read.

Polymer Phase Diagrams

Polymer Phase Diagrams
Author: R. Koningsveld,Ronald Koningsveld,Walter H. Stockmayer,Erik Nies
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9780198556350
ISBN 13: 0198556357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Phase Diagrams Book Review:

Polymeric materials include plastics, gels, synthetic fibres, and rubbers. This text uses fundamental principles to classify phase separation phenomena in polymer systems, and describes simple molecular models explaining the observed behaviour.

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science
Author: Toyoichi Tanaka
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0080506127
ISBN 13: 9780080506128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science Book Review:

Successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today's experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, not only for today's applications but for the industry of the 21st century, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques. This book is designed to fulfill the requirements of scientists and engineers who wish to be able to carry out experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments. Addresses the most important practical techniques for experimental research in the growing field of polymer science The first well-documented presentation of the experimental methods in one consolidated source Covers principles, practical techniques, and actual examples Can be used as a handbook or lab manual for both students and researchers Presents ideas and methods from an international perspective Techniques addressed in this volume include: Light Scattering Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Scattering Fluorescence Spectroscopy NMR on Polymers Rheology Gel Experiments

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems
Author: Sabu Thomas,Mohammed Arif P.,E. Bhoje Gowd,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2017-09-15
ISBN 10: 0128094311
ISBN 13: 9780128094310
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems Book Review:

Crystallization in Multiphase Polymer Systems is the first book that explains in depth the crystallization behavior of multiphase polymer systems. Polymeric structures are more complex in nature than other material structures due to their significant structural disorder. Most of the polymers used today are semicrystalline, and the subject of crystallization is still one of the major issues relating to the performance of semicrystalline polymers in the modern polymer industry. The study of the crystallization processes, crystalline morphologies and other phase transitions is of great significance for the understanding the structure-property relationships of these systems. Crystallization in block copolymers, miscible blends, immiscible blends, and polymer composites and nanocomposites is thoroughly discussed and represents the core coverage of this book. The book critically analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale. Various experimental techniques used for the characterization of polymer crystallization process are discussed. Written by experts in the field of polymer crystallization, this book is a unique source and enables professionals and students to understand crystallization behavior in multiphase polymer systems such as block copolymers, polymer blends, composites and nanocomposites. Covers crystallization of multiphase polymer systems, including copolymers, blends and nanocomposites Features comprehensive, detailed information about the basic research, practical applications and new developments for these polymeric materials Analyzes the kinetics of nucleation and growth process of the crystalline phases in multi-component polymer systems in different length scales, from macro to nanoscale

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
Author: Yrjö H. Roos,Yrjo H Roos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 1995-06-12
ISBN 10: 9780080538730
ISBN 13: 0080538738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions in Foods Book Review:

Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Experimental Studies of Phase Transitions in Solutions of Random Heteropolymers

Experimental Studies of Phase Transitions in Solutions of Random Heteropolymers
Author: Mark McCormick
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2000
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:C3447049
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experimental Studies of Phase Transitions in Solutions of Random Heteropolymers Book Review:

Observation Prediction and Simulation of Phase Transitions in Complex Fluids

Observation  Prediction and Simulation of Phase Transitions in Complex Fluids
Author: Marc Baus,L.F Rull,Jean-Paul Ryckaert
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401100659
ISBN 13: 9789401100656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Observation Prediction and Simulation of Phase Transitions in Complex Fluids Book Review:

Observation, Prediction and Simulation of Phase Transitions in Complex Fluids presents an overview of the phase transitions that occur in a variety of soft-matter systems: colloidal suspensions of spherical or rod-like particles and their mixtures, directed polymers and polymer blends, colloid--polymer mixtures, and liquid-forming mesogens. This modern and fascinating branch of condensed matter physics is presented from three complementary viewpoints. The first section, written by experimentalists, emphasises the observation of basic phenomena (by light scattering, for example). The second section, written by theoreticians, focuses on the necessary theoretical tools (density functional theory, path integrals, free energy expansions). The third section is devoted to the results of modern simulation techniques (Gibbs ensemble, free energy calculations, configurational bias Monte Carlo). The interplay between the disciplines is clearly illustrated. For all those interested in modern research in equilibrium statistical mechanics.

Macromolecules 1

Macromolecules    1
Author: H.G. Elias
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 146157367X
ISBN 13: 9781461573678
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Macromolecules 1 Book Review:

The second edition of this textbook is identical with its fourth German edi tion and it thus has the same goals: precise definition of basic phenomena, a broad survey of the whole field, integrated representation of chemistry, physics, and technology, and a balanced treatment of facts and comprehen sion. The book thus intends to bridge the gap between the often oversimpli fied introductory textbooks and the highly specialized texts and monographs that cover only parts of macromolecular science. The text intends to survey the whole field of macromolecular science. Its organization results from the following considerations. The chemical structure of macromolecular compounds should be inde pendent of the method of synthesis, at least in the ideal case. Part I is thus concerned with the chemical and physical structure of polymers. Properties depend on structure. Solution properties are thus discussed in Part 11, solid state properties in Part Ill. There are other reasons for dis cussing properties before synthesis: For example, it is difficult to understand equilibrium polymerization without knowledge of solution thermodynamics, the gel effect without knowledge of the glass transition temperature, etc. Part IV treats the principles of macromolecular syntheses and reactions.

Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter

Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter
Author: Tormod Riste,David Sherrington
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461305519
ISBN 13: 9781461305514
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions in Soft Condensed Matter Book Review:

This volume comprises the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Geilo, Norway, between 4 - 14 April 1989. This Institute was the tenth in a series held at Geilo on the subject of phase transitions. It was the first to be concerned with the growing area of soft condensed matter, which is neither ordinary solids nor ordinary liquids, but somewhere in between. The Institute brought together many lecturers, students and active researchers in the field from a wide range of NATO and some non-NATO countries, with financial support principally from the NATO Scientific Affairs Division but also from Institutt for energiteknikk, the Nor wegian Research Council for Science and the Humanities (NAVF), The Nordic Institute for Theoretical Atomic Physics (NORDITA), the Norwegian Physical Society and VISTA, a reserach cooperation between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and Den norske stats oljeselskap a.s (STATOIL). The organizing committee would like to thank all these contributors for their help in promoting an exciting and rewarding meeting, and in doing so are confident that they echo the appreciation also of all the participants. 50ft condensed matter is characterized by weak interactions between polyatomic constituents, by important·thermal fluctuations effects, by mechanical softness and by a rich range of behaviours. The main emphasis at this Institute was on the fundamental collective physics, but prepar ation techniques and industrial applications were also considered.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels
Author: Sutapa Biswas Majee
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2016-08-24
ISBN 10: 9535125095
ISBN 13: 9789535125099
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels Book Review:

This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

Supercritical Fluids

Supercritical Fluids
Author: E. Kiran,Pablo G. Debenedetti,Cor J. Peters
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401139296
ISBN 13: 9789401139298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Supercritical Fluids Book Review:

Supercritical fluids are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density and they are therefore interesting and important as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the density the properties of these fluids can be customised and manipulated for a given process - physical or chemical transformation. Separation and processing using supercritical solvents such as CO2 are currently on-line commercially in the food, essential oils and polymer industries. Many agencies and industries are considering the use of supercritical water for waste remediation. Supercritical fluid chromatography represents another, major analytical application. Significant advances have recently been made in materials processing, ranging from particle formation to the creation of porous materials. The chapters in this book provide tutorial accounts of topical areas centred around: (1) phase equilibria, thermodynamics and equations of state; (2) critical behaviour, crossover effects; (3) transport and interfacial properties; (4) molecular modelling, computer simulation; (5) reactions, spectroscopy; (6) phase separation kinetics; (7) extractions; (8) applications to polymers, pharmaceuticals, natural materials and chromatography; (9) process scale-up.