Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
Author: Esteban Alberto Brignole,Selva Pereda
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-04-02
ISBN 10: 044459471X
ISBN 13: 9780444594716
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book Review:

Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering. Methodologies are discussed using relevant industrial examples The molecular nature and composition of the process mixture is given a key role in process decisions Phase equilibrium diagrams are used as a drawing board for process implementation

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
Author: Esteban Brignole,Selva Pereda
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-04-02
ISBN 10: 0128082577
ISBN 13: 9780128082577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book Review:

Phase equilibrium knowledge is required for the design of all sorts of chemical processes that may involve separations, reactions, fluids flow, particle micronization, etc. Indeed, different phase behavior scenarios are required for a rational conceptual process design. The aim of this chapter is to present the possible fluid mixture phase behavior that can be found in binary, ternary, and multicomponent systems. Moreover, representation of phase behavior in terms of phase diagrams is discussed. Dealing with phase diagrams of complex mixtures is not an easy task for beginners; however, very simple concepts are behind the rules for their construction. Phase diagrams are essential tools for phase equilibrium engineering as they provide valuable hints to understand the process and to assess the feasible and optimum operating regions. In this chapter, the “phenomenological” meaning of each phase behavior and its relation with molecular properties is discussed. A special attention is given to binary system phase behavior. Even though, in practice we rarely found such simple mixtures, they furnish a great deal of information for the understanding of multicomponent systems.

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering
Author: Martín Cismondi,Marcelo S. Zabaloy
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-04-02
ISBN 10: 0128082593
ISBN 13: 9780128082591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book Review:

This chapter illustrates the wide variety of binary fluid phase equilibrium diagrams that can be obtained using models based on equations of state (EOS). It also highlights the need for paying attention to the predicted binary key lines, such as the critical and the liquid–liquid–vapor equilibrium lines, when fitting binary interaction parameters of an EOS model. In addition, efficient algorithms for the EOS-based automated computation of complete Univariant Lines Phase Equilibrium Diagrams and of complete restricted binary phase equilibrium diagrams, such as isoplethic, isothermal, or isobaric diagrams, are described.

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering
Author: Stanley M. Walas
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483145085
ISBN 13: 9781483145082
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering Book Review:

Phase Equilibria in Chemical Engineering is devoted to the thermodynamic basis and practical aspects of the calculation of equilibrium conditions of multiple phases that are pertinent to chemical engineering processes. Efforts have been made throughout the book to provide guidance to adequate theory and practice. The book begins with a long chapter on equations of state, since it is intimately bound up with the development of thermodynamics. Following material on basic thermodynamics and nonidealities in terms of fugacities and activities, individual chapters are devoted to equilibria primarily between pairs of phases. A few topics that do not fit into these categories and for which the state of the art is not yet developed quantitatively have been relegated to a separate chapter. The chapter on chemical equilibria is pertinent since many processes involve simultaneous chemical and phase equilibria. Also included are chapters on the evaluation of enthalpy and entropy changes of nonideal substances and mixtures, and on experimental methods. This book is intended as a reference and self-study as well as a textbook either for full courses in phase equilibria or as a supplement to related courses in the chemical engineering curriculum. Practicing engineers concerned with separation technology and process design also may find the book useful.

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering
Author: Camila Gambini Pereira
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 674
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780128115565
ISBN 13: 0128115564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering Book Review:

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on the thermodynamics of equilibrium as applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix, consisting of different classes of compounds (flavonoids, carotenoids, essential oils, lipids, carbohydrates, others). Knowledge of phase equilibria of food compounds is essential to provide an efficient separation process, with low costs and selective recovering of specific components. This book combines theory and phase equilibria data from systems containing food compounds to help food engineers and researchers solve complex food processing problems. It is an ideal resource for researchers developing ways to optimize food compounds. Presents the fundamentals of phase equilibria in the food industry Describes both classic and advanced models, including cubic equations of state and activity coefficient Encompasses distillation, solid-liquid extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, crystallization and supercritical fluid extraction Explores equilibrium in advanced systems, including colloidal, electrolyte and protein systems

Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures

Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures
Author: M. B. King
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483152413
ISBN 13: 9781483152417
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures Book Review:

Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures deals with phase equilibrium and the methods of correlating, checking, and predicting phase data. Topics covered range from latent heat and vapor pressure to dilute solutions, ideal and near-ideal solutions, and consistency tests. Molecular considerations and their use for the prediction and correlation of data are also discussed. Comprised of nine chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to the role of thermodynamics and the criteria for equilibrium between phases, along with fugacity and the thermodynamic functions of mixing. The discussion then turns to some of the phase phenomena which may be encountered in chemical engineering practice; methods of correlating and extending vapor pressure data and practical techniques for calculating latent heats from these data; the behavior of dilute solutions both at low and high pressures for reacting and non-reacting systems; and the behavior of ideal and near-ideal solutions. The remaining chapters explore non-ideal solutions at normal pressures; practical methods for testing the thermodynamic consistency of phase data; and the extent to which the broad aspects of phase behavior may be interpreted in the light of simple molecular considerations. This book is intended primarily for graduate chemical engineers but should also be of interest to those graduates in physics or chemistry who need to use phase equilibrium data.

Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems

Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems
Author: Hummel
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN 10: 1351436724
ISBN 13: 9781351436724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems Book Review:

Written by a leading practitioner and teacher in the field of ceramic science and engineering,this outstanding text provides advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level studentswith a comprehensive, up-to-date Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems.Building upon a concise definition of the phase rule, the book logically proceeds fromone- and two-component systems through increasingly complex systems, enabling studentsto utilize the phase rule in real applications.Unique because of its emphasis on phase diagrams, timely because of the rising importanceof ceramic applications , practical because of its pedagogical approach , Introductionto Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems offers end-of-chapter review problems . .. extensivereading lists . . . a solid thermodynamic foundation . .. and clear perspectives on thespecial properties of ceramics as compared to metals.This authoritative volume fills a broad gap in the literature , helping undergraduate- andgraduate-level students of ceramic engineering and materials science to approach this demandingsubject in a rational , confident fashion . In addition,Introduction to Phase Equilibriain Ceramic Systems serves as a valuable supplement to undergraduate-level metallurgyprograms.

Phase Equilibrium in Process Design

Phase Equilibrium in Process Design
Author: H. R. Null
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 275
Release: 1970
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4413092
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibrium in Process Design Book Review:

Working Guide to Vapor Liquid Phase Equilibria Calculations

Working Guide to Vapor Liquid Phase Equilibria Calculations
Author: Tarek Ahmed
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2009-08-27
ISBN 10: 9781856179027
ISBN 13: 1856179028
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Working Guide to Vapor Liquid Phase Equilibria Calculations Book Review:

Working Guide to Vapor-Liquid Phase Equilibria Calculations offers a practical guide for calculations of vapor-phase equilibria. The book begins by introducing basic concepts such as vapor pressure, vapor pressure charts, equilibrium ratios, and flash calculations. It then presents methods for predicting the equilibrium ratios of hydrocarbon mixtures: Wilson's correlation, Standing's correlation, convergence pressure method, and Whitson and Torp correlation. The book describes techniques to determine equilibrium ratios of the plus fraction, including Campbell's method, Winn's method, and Katz's method. The remaining chapters cover the solution of phase equilibrium problems in reservoir and process engineering; developments in the field of empirical cubic equations of state (EOS) and their applications in petroleum engineering; and the splitting of the plus fraction for EOS calculations. Includes explanations of formulas Step by step calculations Provides examples and solutions

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations
Author: Mats Hillert
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007-11-22
ISBN 10: 1139465864
ISBN 13: 9781139465861
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book Review:

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions
Author: Arthur D. Pelton
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 0128016698
ISBN 13: 9780128016695
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions Book Review:

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions provides readers with an understanding of thermodynamics and phase equilibria that is required to make full and efficient use of these tools. The book systematically discusses phase diagrams of all types, the thermodynamics behind them, their calculations from thermodynamic databases, and the structural models of solutions used in the development of these databases. Featuring examples from a wide range of systems including metals, salts, ceramics, refractories, and concentrated aqueous solutions, Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions is a vital resource for researchers and developers in materials science, metallurgy, combustion and energy, corrosion engineering, environmental engineering, geology, glass technology, nuclear engineering, and other fields of inorganic chemical and materials science and engineering. Additionally, experts involved in developing thermodynamic databases will find a comprehensive reference text of current solution models. Presents a rigorous and complete development of thermodynamics for readers who already have a basic understanding of chemical thermodynamics Provides an in-depth understanding of phase equilibria Includes information that can be used as a text for graduate courses on thermodynamics and phase diagrams, or on solution modeling Covers several types of phase diagrams (paraequilibrium, solidus projections, first-melting projections, Scheil diagrams, enthalpy diagrams), and more

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers
Author: Noel de Nevers
Publsiher: McGraw-Hill Science Engineering
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UVA:X004804191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers Book Review:

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers, third edition retains the characteristics that made this introductory text a success in prior editions. It is still a book that emphasizes material and energy balances and maintains a practical orientation throughout. No more math is included than is required to understand the concepts presented. To meet the demands of today's market, the author has included many problems suitable for solution by computer. Two brand new chapters are included. The first, on mixing, augments the book's coverage of practical issues encountered in this field. The second, on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), shows students the connection between hand and computational fluid dynamics.

Introduction To Phase Diagrams In Materials Science And Engineering

Introduction To Phase Diagrams In Materials Science And Engineering
Author: Saka Hiroyasu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2020-01-08
ISBN 10: 9811203725
ISBN 13: 9789811203725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction To Phase Diagrams In Materials Science And Engineering Book Review:

Phase diagrams are a MUST for materials scientists and engineers (MSEs). However, understanding phase diagrams is a difficult task for most MSEs. The audience of this book are young MSEs who start learning phase diagrams and are supposed to become specialists and those who were trained in fields other than materials science and engineering but are involved in research and/or development of materials after they are employed.Ternary phase diagrams presented in Chapter 4 are far more complex than binary phase diagrams. For this reason, ternary phase diagrams are nowadays less and less taught. However, in ceramics and semiconductors ternary phase diagrams become more and more important. Recent software provides necessary information to handle ternary phase diagrams. However, needless to say, without fundamental knowledge of ternary phase diagrams it is impossible to understand ternary phase diagrams correctly. In this book ternary phase diagrams are presented in a completely original way, with many diagrams illustrated in full color.In this book the essence of phase diagrams is presented in a user-friendly manner. This book is expected to be a Bible for MSEs.

Classical Thermodynamics of Non Electrolyte Solutions

Classical Thermodynamics of Non Electrolyte Solutions
Author: H. C. Van Ness
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2015-12-04
ISBN 10: 148322547X
ISBN 13: 9781483225470
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Classical Thermodynamics of Non Electrolyte Solutions Book Review:

Classical Thermodynamics of Non-Electrolyte Solutions covers the historical development of classical thermodynamics that concerns the properties of vapor and liquid solutions of non-electrolytes. Classical thermodynamics is a network of equations, developed through the formal logic of mathematics from a very few fundamental postulates and leading to a great variety of useful deductions. This book is composed of seven chapters and begins with discussions on the fundamentals of thermodynamics and the thermodynamic properties of fluids. The succeeding chapter presents the equations of state for the calculation of the thermodynamic behavior of constant-composition fluids, both liquid and gaseous. These topics are followed by surveys of the mixing of pure materials to form a solution under conditions of constant temperature and pressure. The discussion then shifts to general equations for calculation of partial molal properties of homogeneous binary systems. The last chapter considers the approach to equilibrium of systems within which composition changes are brought about either by mass transfer between phases or by chemical reaction within a phase, or by both.

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria
Author: Ulrich K Deiters,Thomas Kraska
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2012-04-26
ISBN 10: 0444563547
ISBN 13: 9780444563545
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria Book Review:

The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated pressures are taken into account; phenomena like retrograde condensation (single and double) and azeotropy (normal and double) are discussed. It then gives an introduction into the relevant thermodynamic equations for fluid mixtures, including some that are rarely found in modern textbooks, and shows how they can they be used to compute phase diagrams and related properties. This chapter gives a consistent and axiomatic approach to fluid thermodynamics; it avoids using activity coefficients. Further chapters are dedicated to solid-fluid phase equilibria and global phase diagrams (systematic search for phase diagram classes). The appendix contains numerical algorithms needed for the computations. The book thus enables the reader to create or improve computer programs for the calculation of fluid phase diagrams. introduces phase diagram classes, how to recognize them and identify their characteristic features presents rational nomenclature of binary fluid phase diagrams includes problems and solutions for self-testing, exercises or seminars

Thermodynamics and Energy Conversion

Thermodynamics and Energy Conversion
Author: Henning Struchtrup
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 597
Release: 2014-07-02
ISBN 10: 3662437155
ISBN 13: 9783662437155
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics and Energy Conversion Book Review:

This textbook gives a thorough treatment of engineering thermodynamics with applications to classical and modern energy conversion devices. Some emphasis lies on the description of irreversible processes, such as friction, heat transfer and mixing and the evaluation of the related work losses. Better use of resources requires high efficiencies therefore the reduction of irreversible losses should be seen as one of the main goals of a thermal engineer. This book provides the necessary tools. Topics include: car and aircraft engines, including Otto, Diesel and Atkinson cycles, by-pass turbofan engines, ramjet and scramjet; steam and gas power plants, including advanced regenerative systems, solar tower and compressed air energy storage; mixing and separation, including reverse osmosis, osmotic power plants and carbon sequestration; phase equilibrium and chemical equilibrium, distillation, chemical reactors, combustion processes and fuel cells; the microscopic definition of entropy. The book includes about 300 end-of-chapter problems for homework assignments and exams. The material presented suffices for two or three full-term courses on thermodynamics and energy conversion.

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers
Author: Noel de Nevers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2012-03-20
ISBN 10: 0470927100
ISBN 13: 9780470927106
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers Book Review:

Suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals, this is a comprehensive text on physical and chemical equilibrium. De Nevers is also the author of Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers.

Ternary Equilibrium Diagrams

Ternary Equilibrium Diagrams
Author: D. West
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400959109
ISBN 13: 9789400959101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ternary Equilibrium Diagrams Book Review:

INFORMATION concerning phase equilibria, such as can be represented by equilibrium diagrams is important in a number of fields of scientific study, and especially in metallurgy, ceramics, and chemistry. Materials of interest in these fields range through single-component to multi-component sys tems, the latter often being very complex. While many industrially im portant systems can be represented adequately by binary equilibrium diagrams, ternary diagrams provide a basis for studying a wide range of the more complex systems, such as are encountered in certain industrial alloys, and in slags and ceramics. A number of texts dealing with ternary systems are already available (see for example references 2-8). Some of these are very comprehensive and include many diagrams, and their use will take the student of the sub ject to an advanced and detailed level of understanding. The present mono graph is intended primarily as an introductory text, which it is hoped will prove useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students of metallurgy and ceramics, in particular. Special attention is given to the requirement of the metallurgist and ceramist to use phase diagrams as a means of under standing phase changes that occur during heating and cooling, as in solidi fication and heat treatment of alloys. This aspect is emphasized in terms of the principles of solidification reactions in relation to solid state constitu tion, particularly making use of liquidus and solidus projections.

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing
Author: Tiziana Fornari,Roumiana P. Stateva
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2014-10-31
ISBN 10: 3319106112
ISBN 13: 9783319106113
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Book Review:

The aim of this book is to present the fundamentals of high pressure technologies from the perspective of mass transfer phenomena and thermodynamic considerations. Novel food applications are exposed and their relation to chemical analysis, extraction, reaction and particle formation processes are outlined. The chapters are written by a diverse group of scientists with expertise in chemistry, food processes, analytical chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical engineering thermodynamics, and biotechnology. The mission of green food engineering is to promote innovative technologies that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous materials (solvents, reagents) in the design and operation of food related processes, with the view to improve food safety and quality. Several efficient, environmentally friendly and benign technologies based on the use of high pressure and green solvents have demonstrated to be sustainable alternatives to traditional processes in the food industry. Although hundreds of new ideas are being published in the open literature, reliable engineering tools to simulate and design those processes are still under development. High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing presents in-depth analyses and outlines the ways towards their maturity. Tiziana Fornari, Research Institute of Food Science (CIAL) Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Roumiana P. Stateva, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Engineering Chemistry

Engineering Chemistry
Author: Shikha Agarwal
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 1500
Release: 2019-05-23
ISBN 10: 1108724442
ISBN 13: 9781108724449
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Chemistry Book Review:

Written in lucid language, the book offers a detailed treatment of fundamental concepts of chemistry and its engineering applications.