Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author: Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-12-07
ISBN 10: 0128196696
ISBN 13: 9780128196694
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book Review:

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author: Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-11-17
ISBN 10: 0128225580
ISBN 13: 9780128225585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book Review:

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation
Author: Ansar Khan,Hashem Akbari,Francesco Fiorito,Sk Mithun,Dev Niyogi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN 10: 0323897940
ISBN 13: 9780323897945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation Book Review:

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation provides a comprehensive picture of global UHI micro-thermal interaction in different built environments. The book explains physical principles and how to moderate undesirable consequences of swift and haphazard urban development to create more sustainable and resilient cities. Sections provide extensive discussion on numerous UHI mitigation technologies and their effectiveness in cities around the globe. In addition, the book proposes novel UHI mitigation technologies and strategies while also assessing the effectiveness and suitability of UHI mitigation interventions in various climates and urban forms. Adopts a multidisciplinary approach, bridging theoretical and applied urban climatology with urban heat mitigation Compiles disparate urban climate research concepts and technologies into a coherent framework Includes contributions from leaders in fields from around the globe

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author: Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-08-29
ISBN 10: 1134221096
ISBN 13: 9781134221097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation

Urban Heat Island  UHI  Mitigation
Author: Napoleon Enteria,Matteos Santamouris,Ursula Eicker
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN 10: 9813340509
ISBN 13: 9789813340503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation Book Review:

This book discusses the concepts and technologies associated with the mitigation of urban heat islands (UHIs) that are applicable in hot and humid regions. It presents several city case studies on how UHIs can be reduced in various areas to provide readers, researchers, and policymakers with insights into the concepts and technologies that should be considered when planning and constructing urban centres and buildings. The rapid development of urban areas in hot and humid regions has led to an increase in urban temperatures, a decrease in ventilation in buildings, and a transformation of the once green outdoor environment into areas full of solar-energy-absorbing concrete and asphalt. This situation has increased the discomfort of people living in these areas regardless of whether they occupy concrete structures. This is because indoor and outdoor air quality have both suffered from urbanisation. The development of urban areas has also increased energy consumption so that the occupants of buildings can enjoy indoor thermal comfort and air quality that they need via air conditioning systems. This book offers solutions to the recent increase in the number of heat islands in hot and humid regions.​

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author: Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-08-29
ISBN 10: 113422110X
ISBN 13: 9781134221103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Urban Microclimate Modelling for Comfort and Energy Studies

Urban Microclimate Modelling for Comfort and Energy Studies
Author: Massimo Palme,Agnese Salvati
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2021-04-08
ISBN 10: 3030654214
ISBN 13: 9783030654214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Microclimate Modelling for Comfort and Energy Studies Book Review:

​​This book discusses urban microclimate and heat-related risks in urban areas, brought on by the combination of global climate change effects and local modification of climate determined by extensive urbanization such as the ‘Urban heat island’ phenomenon. This matter is relevant to almost all urbanized areas in the world, where the increase of urban population and air temperature is expected to endanger both the overall health of the population and the energy supply for the functioning of urban systems. The book details the inter-relationship between urban morphology, microclimate and building energy performance and presents a multidisciplinary approach that brings together Urban Climatology, Engineering and Architectural knowledge to support the development of reliable models and tools for research and practice. This book is a useful tool for architects and building energy modelers, urban planners and geographers who need a practical guide to realize basic urban microclimate simulation for use in both academic research and planning practice.

Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design

Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design
Author: Baruch Givoni
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 1998-01-20
ISBN 10: 9780471291770
ISBN 13: 0471291773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design Book Review:

Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design Baruch Givoni Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design is the most comprehensive, up-to-date reference available on building and urban climatology. Written in clear, common-sense language by Baruch Givoni, the leading authority in the field, this book is a far-reaching look at a variety of climatic influences and their effects on individuals, buildings, and communities. Aimed at architecture and urban planning professionals and students alike, Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design offers real-life solutions to climatological site planning and design issues, helping to settle disputes about site orientation, site organization, and the assembly of building materials. Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design is organized into three parts. The first, Building Climatology, analyzes human thermal comfort and the effect of architectural and structural design features including layout, window orientation, and shading, and ventilation conditions on the indoor climate. Then, Urban Climatology explores the ways in which the climate in densely built areas can differ from surrounding regional climactic conditions, for example, in temperature, wind speed, and humidity. This part further explores the effects of urban design elements, such as urban density and building height, on a city's outdoor climate. Finally, Building and Urban Design Guidelines applies the body of available research on building climatology and the effects of physical planning on the urban and indoor climates to suggest design guidelines for different regions--for example, hot-dry and hot-humid climates. Filled with lists, tables, and graphs for easy cross-referencing, as well as hundreds of visuals, Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design offers readers the ability to perform a quick check of a proposed scheme against authoritative criteria. Mr. Givoni's latest volume is a unique, indispensable guide to the relationship between building design, urban planning, and climate.

The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author: Iain D. Stewart,Gerald Mills
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2021-05-25
ISBN 10: 0128156902
ISBN 13: 9780128156902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Heat Island Book Review:

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Urban Climate Challenges in the Tropics

Urban Climate Challenges in the Tropics
Author: Rohinton Emmanuel
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2016-03-11
ISBN 10: 1783268425
ISBN 13: 9781783268429
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climate Challenges in the Tropics Book Review:

Among the places worst hit by climate change are areas of high urban growth in the warm, humid tropics of Asia and Latin America. In these places, the global trend of rapid urbanisation and conditions of local warming compound the effects of climate change. This three-part book explores the unique local climate consequences of urban growth trajectories of tropical cities and provides strategies and design approaches to enhance the quality of life of tropical urban dwellers in the face of urban warming. Part One considers the philosophical basis of the climate challenge in this context and investigates tropical urbanism from the viewpoints of urban activity patterns and the notion of 'thermal pleasure'. Part Two explores specific, practical techniques in enhancing ventilation, shading and greenery as well as the challenges in local climate assessment in the tropics. Part Three explores the barriers and future opportunities for climate-sensitive urban planning and presents specific examples of good practice, contextualized within the wider global debate on adapting to climate change. Urban Climate Challenges in the Tropics is an indispensable companion for planners, designers, architects and students of all levels. Contents:Introduction (Rohinton Emmanuel)Achieving Thermal Pleasure in Tropical Urban Outdoors (Rohinton Emmanuel)Management of Shading and Public Places (Tzu-Ping Lin)Urban Air Ventilation in High-Density Cities in the Tropics (Edward Ng)Vegetation and Climate-sensitive Public Places (Denise H S Duarte)Urban Thermal Comfort in the Tropics (Erik Johansson)Urban Climate Mapping in the Tropics Narein Perera)Urban Climate Modeling: Challenges in the Tropics (Renganathan Giridharan)Urban Exemplars of Climate-sensitive Design (Patricia Drach)Integration of Climate Knowledge in Urban Design and Planning (Gerald Mills) Readership: Planners, designers, architects and advanced undergraduate and graduate students of architecture or planning and environmental management with a focus on the tropics. Key Features:Places the urban climate amelioration debate within the wider climate change debateFocuses specifically on an important and rapidly urbanizing region (the tropics)Provides practical advice to researchers and practitioners dealing with urban sustainability and climate sensitive design in the tropics

The Urban Climatic Map

The Urban Climatic Map
Author: Edward Ng,Chao Ren
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2015-09-07
ISBN 10: 1317510526
ISBN 13: 9781317510529
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Climatic Map Book Review:

Rapid urbanization, higher density and more compact cities have brought about a new science of urban climatology. An understanding of the mapping of this phenomenon is crucial for urban planners. The book brings together experts in the field of Urban Climatic Mapping to provide the state of the art understanding on how urban climatic knowledge can be made available and utilized by urban planners. The book contains the technology, methodology, and various focuses and approaches of urban climatic map making. It illustrates this understanding with examples and case studies from around the world, and it explains how urban climatic information can be analysed, interpreted and applied in urban planning. The book attempts to bridge the gap between the science of urban climatology and the practice of urban planning. It provides a useful one-stop reference for postgraduates, academics and urban climatologists wishing to better understand the needs for urban climatic knowledge in city planning; and urban planners and policy makers interested in applying the knowledge to design future sustainable cities and quality urban spaces.

Wind Climate in Cities

Wind Climate in Cities
Author: Jack E. Cermak,Alan G. Davenport,Erich J. Plate,Domingos X. Viegas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401736863
ISBN 13: 9789401736862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wind Climate in Cities Book Review:

If one surveys the development of wind engineering, one comes to the conclusion that the challenge of urban climatology is one of the most important remaining tasks for the wind engineers. But what distinguishes wind engineering in urban areas from conventional wind engineering? Principally, the fact that the effects studied are usually unique to a particular situation, requiring consideration of the surroundings of the buildings. In the past, modelling criteria have been developed that make it possible to solve environmental problems with great confidence, and studies validated the models: at least in a neutrally stratified atmosphere. The approach adopted in the book is that of applied fluid mechanics, since this forms the basis for the evaluation of the urban wind field. Variables for air quality or loads are problem specific, or even random, and methods for studying them are based on risk analysis, which is also presented. Criteria are developed for a systematic approach to urban wind engineering problems, including parameter studies. The five sections of the book are: Fundamentals of urban boundary layer and dispersion; Forces on complex structures in built-up areas; Air pollution in cities; Numerical solution techniques; and Posters. A subject index is included.

Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment

Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment
Author: Demosthenes N. Asimakopoulos
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9781873936900
ISBN 13: 1873936907
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment Book Review:

First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean

Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean
Author: Antonio Navarra,Laurence Tubiana
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2013-02-28
ISBN 10: 9400757697
ISBN 13: 9789400757691
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean Book Review:

This is the third volume of a three-volume final report, which thoroughly describes, synthesizes and analyzes the results of the four-year Integrated Research Project CIRCE – Climate Change and Impact Research: Mediterranean Environment, funded by the EU 6th Framework Programme. Conducted under the auspices of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Rome, Italy, the study was designed to predict and to quantify the physical impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean, and to assess the most influential consequences for the population of the region.

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability
Author: Edward Ng
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2009-12-16
ISBN 10: 1849774447
ISBN 13: 9781849774444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability Book Review:

Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.

Weather Climate and Climate Change

Weather  Climate and Climate Change
Author: Greg O'Hare,John Sweeney,Rob Wilby
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2014-05-22
ISBN 10: 1317904826
ISBN 13: 9781317904823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weather Climate and Climate Change Book Review:

A timely and accessible analysis of one of the most crucial and contentious issues facing the world today – the processes and consequences of natural and human induced changes in the structure and function of the climate system. Integrating the latest scientific developments throughout, the text centres on climate change control, addressing how weather and climate impact on environment and society.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN 10: 331910425X
ISBN 13: 9783319104256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Review:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume Two

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics  Volume Two
Author: Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 587
Release: 2012-12-12
ISBN 10: 1466556013
ISBN 13: 9781466556010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume Two Book Review:

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering. The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology. Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements explores the interactions between engineered structures and anthropogenic activities that affect natural flows, with particular emphasis on environmental pollution. The book covers the numerical methodologies that underpin research, predictive modeling, and cyber-infrastructure developments. It also addresses practical aspects of laboratory experiments and field observations that validate quantitative predictions and help identify new phenomena and processes. As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities. See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals.

Sustainable Building and Built Environments to Mitigate Climate Change in the Tropics

Sustainable Building and Built Environments to Mitigate Climate Change in the Tropics
Author: Tri Harso Karyono,Robert Vale,Brenda Vale
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2017-02-21
ISBN 10: 3319496018
ISBN 13: 9783319496016
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Building and Built Environments to Mitigate Climate Change in the Tropics Book Review:

This book offers a selection of the best papers presented during the International conference on Mitigating and Adapting Built Environments for Climate Change in the Tropics, held at Tanri Abeng University (TAU), Jakarta, Indonesia, March 2015. The book is divided into four main parts. The first part deals with the general issue of climate change, the cause and the ways to mitigate and to adapt the built environment for climate change in a number of countries. Part 2 deals with the conceptual ways to mitigate building for climate change. The ways to reduce cooling energy in tropical buildings by means of passive design. Part 3 offers papers that examine the way to overcome disasters in the city caused by climate change. The final part deals with the role of plants in mitigating and adapting built environments to climate change - the use of plants, trees and bushes to directly and indirectly reduce carbon emissions are discussed.