Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life
Author: Ana I. Gomez de Castro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2021-03-27
ISBN 10: 0128191716
ISBN 13: 9780128191712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life Book Review:

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life addresses the use of astronomical observations in the ultraviolet range to better understand the generation of complex, life-precursor molecules. The origin of RNA is still under debate but seems to be related to the generation of pools of complex organic molecules submitted to heavy cycles of solution in water and drying. This book investigates whether these cycles require a planetary surface or may occur in space by examining both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of UV radiation in the origin of life. This book offers the latest advances in these studies for astronomers, astrobiologists and planetary scientists. Addresses both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the origin of life Builds on the requirements to produce prebiotic molecules in space and the implications for the origin of RNA Investigates the use of ultraviolet observations related to planetary system formation, the evolution of young planetary disks, and the interaction of stars with planetary atmospheres

Multimessenger Astronomy

Multimessenger Astronomy
Author: J. E. Beckman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030683729
ISBN 13: 9783030683726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multimessenger Astronomy Book Review:

Written by a professional astronomer who has worked on a wide spectrum of topics throughout his career, this book gives a popular science level description of what has become known as multimessenger astronomy. It links the new with the traditional, showing how astronomy has advanced at increasing pace in the modern era. In the second decade of the twenty-first century astronomy has seen the beginnings of a revolution. After centuries when all our information about the Universe has come via electromagnetic waves, now several entirely new ways of exploring it have emerged. The most spectacular has been the detection of gravitational waves in 2016, but astronomy also uses neutrinos and cosmic ray particles to probe processes in the centres of stars and galaxies. The book is strongly oriented towards measurement and technique. Widely illustrated with colourful pictures of instruments their creators and astronomical objects it will also be backed with descriptions of the underlying theories and concepts, linking predictions, observations and experiments. The thread is largely historical, although obviously it cannot be encyclopaedic. Its point of departure is the beginning of the twentieth century and it aims at being as complete as possible for the date of completion at the end of 2020. The book addresses a wide public whose interest in science is served by magazines like Scientific American: lively, intelligent readers but without university studies in physics.

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System
Author: M. Vázquez,A. Hanslmeier
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2006-06-30
ISBN 10: 1402037309
ISBN 13: 9781402037306
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System Book Review:

In the history of science the opening up of a new observational or experimental window is always followed by an increase in knowledge of the subject concerned. This is also the case with the subject of this book, ultraviolet radiation (hereafter UV). In principle, the ultraviolet range might be just one more of these windows, of no particular importance. However, the energy per UV photon provides the main peculiarity, its magnitude being great enough to produce important ch- ical reactions in the atmospheres of planets and satellites, thereby a?ecting the transmission of this radiation to the ground. The Sun is the main natural source of UV radiation in the Solar System and our planet is the body where its in?uences can be best tested and the only one where its relation with life can be studied. However, the terrestrial atmosphere blocksmostofthephotonsinthiselectromagneticrangeandastronomershavehad to develop various techniques (balloons, planes and rockets) to cross this barrier and access the information. These tools have been used in parallel to investigate the physical properties of the terrestrial atmosphere and the interaction of its constituents with light. This book will addresses most of these topics.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology
Author: Gerda Horneck,Christa Baumstark-Khan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 364259381X
ISBN 13: 9783642593819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astrobiology Book Review:

This book bridges a gap in the literature by bringing together leading specialists from different backgrounds. It addresses the specific need for a readable book on this very interdisciplinary and new topic at research level.

Life in the Cosmos

Life in the Cosmos
Author: Manasvi Lingam,Abraham Loeb
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 1088
Release: 2021-06-29
ISBN 10: 0674987578
ISBN 13: 9780674987579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life in the Cosmos Book Review:

A rigorous and scientific analysis of the myriad possibilities of life beyond our planet. ÒAre we alone in the universe?Ó This tantalizing question has captivated humanity over millennia, but seldom has it been approached rigorously. Today the search for signatures of extraterrestrial life and intelligence has become a rapidly advancing scientific endeavor. Missions to Mars, Europa, and Titan seek evidence of life. Laboratory experiments have made great strides in creating synthetic life, deepening our understanding of conditions that give rise to living entities. And on the horizon are sophisticated telescopes to detect and characterize exoplanets most likely to harbor life. Life in the Cosmos offers a thorough overview of the burgeoning field of astrobiology, including the salient methods and paradigms involved in the search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence. Manasvi Lingam and Abraham Loeb tackle three areas of interest in hunting for life Òout thereÓ: first, the pathways by which life originates and evolves; second, planetary and stellar factors that affect the habitability of worlds, with an eye on the biomarkers that may reveal the presence of microbial life; and finally, the detection of technological signals that could be indicative of intelligence. Drawing on empirical data from observations and experiments, as well as the latest theoretical and computational developments, the authors make a compelling scientific case for the search for life beyond what we can currently see. Meticulous and comprehensive, Life in the Cosmos is a master class from top researchers in astrobiology, suggesting that the answer to our age-old question is closer than ever before.

Rare Earth

Rare Earth
Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2007-05-08
ISBN 10: 0387218483
ISBN 13: 9780387218489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rare Earth Book Review:

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

The Genesis Quest

The Genesis Quest
Author: Michael Marshall
Publsiher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2020-08-20
ISBN 10: 1474611443
ISBN 13: 9781474611442
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genesis Quest Book Review:

'A fascinating and challenging story' New York Review of Books 'This is an incredibly absorbing and insightful book about the most important scientific question of our age' Mark Miodownik, author of Stuff Matters 'The story of the quest to understand life's genesis is a universal one, in which everyone can find pleasure and fascination. By asking how life came to be, we are implicitly asking why we are here, whether life exists on other planets, and what it means to be alive. This book is the story of a group of fragile, flawed humans who chose to wrestle with these questions. By exploring the origin of life, we can catch a glimpse of the infinite.' How did life begin? Why are we here? These are some of the most profound questions we can ask. For almost a century, a small band of eccentric scientists has struggled to answer these questions and explain one of the greatest mysteries of all: how and why life began on Earth. There are many different proposals, and each idea has attracted passionate believers who promote it with an almost religious fervour, as well as detractors who reject it with equal passion. But the quest to unravel life's genesis is not just a story of big ideas. It is also a compelling human story, rich in personalities, conflicts, and surprising twists and turns. Along the way the journey takes in some of the greatest discoveries in modern biology, from evolution and cells to DNA and life's family tree. It is also a search whose end may finally be in sight. In The Genesis Quest, Michael Marshall shows how the quest to understand life's beginning is also a journey to discover the true nature of life, and by extension our place in the universe.

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2019-04-20
ISBN 10: 0309484162
ISBN 13: 9780309484169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe Book Review:

Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. It is an inherently interdisciplinary field that encompasses astronomy, biology, geology, heliophysics, and planetary science, including complementary laboratory activities and field studies conducted in a wide range of terrestrial environments. Combining inherent scientific interest and public appeal, the search for life in the solar system and beyond provides a scientific rationale for many current and future activities carried out by the National Aeronautics and Science Administration (NASA) and other national and international agencies and organizations. Requested by NASA, this study offers a science strategy for astrobiology that outlines key scientific questions, identifies the most promising research in the field, and indicates the extent to which the mission priorities in existing decadal surveys address the search for life's origin, evolution, distribution, and future in the universe. This report makes recommendations for advancing the research, obtaining the measurements, and realizing NASA's goal to search for signs of life in the universe.

The Astrophysical Context of Life

The Astrophysical Context of Life
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 93
Release: 2005-06-25
ISBN 10: 0309096278
ISBN 13: 9780309096270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Astrophysical Context of Life Book Review:

In 1997, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) formed the National Astrobiology Institute to coordinate and fund research into the origins, distribution, and fate of life in the universe. A 2002 NRC study of that program, Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and International Programs in Astrobiology, raised a number of concerns about the Astrobiology program. In particular, it concluded that areas of astrophysics related to the astronomical environment in which life arose on earth were not well represented in the program. In response to that finding, the Space Studies Board requested the original study committee, the Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, to examine ways to augment and integrate astronomy and astrophysics into the Astrobiology program. This report presents the results of that study. It provides a review of the earlier report and related efforts, a detailed examination of the elements of the astrobiology program that would benefit from greater integration and augmentation of astronomy and astrophysics, and an assessment of ways to facilitate the integration of astronomy with other astrobiology disciplines.

How to Find a Habitable Planet

How to Find a Habitable Planet
Author: James Kasting
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-12-07
ISBN 10: 1400845084
ISBN 13: 9781400845088
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How to Find a Habitable Planet Book Review:

The amazing science behind the search for Earth-like planets Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us—or even the simplest biological organisms—are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours—and perhaps even life like ours—in the cosmos. In a new afterword, Kasting presents some recent breakthroughs in the search for exoplanets and discusses the challenges facing space programs in the near future.

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2005-02-28
ISBN 10: 0309165458
ISBN 13: 9780309165457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope Book Review:

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has operated continuously since 1990. During that time, four space shuttle-based service missions were launched, three of which added major observational capabilities. A fifth â€" SM-4 â€" was intended to replace key telescope systems and install two new instruments. The loss of the space shuttle Columbia, however, resulted in a decision by NASA not to pursue the SM-4 mission leading to a likely end of Hubble's useful life in 2007-2008. This situation resulted in an unprecedented outcry from scientists and the public. As a result, NASA began to explore and develop a robotic servicing mission; and Congress directed NASA to request a study from the National Research Council (NRC) of the robotic and shuttle servicing options for extending the life of Hubble. This report presents an assessment of those two options. It provides an examination of the contributions made by Hubble and those likely as the result of a servicing mission, and a comparative analysis of the potential risk of the two options for servicing Hubble. The study concludes that the Shuttle option would be the most effective one for prolonging Hubble's productive life.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe
Author: Theo Koupelis
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2012-12
ISBN 10: 1449647944
ISBN 13: 9781449647940
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Quest of the Universe Book Review:

Every new copy of In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition print textbook includes access to the Companion WebsiteDesigned for the nonscience major, In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition provides a comprehensive, accessible introduction to astronomy, while taking students on an exciting trek through our solar system and beyond. Updated throughout with the latest findings in this fast-paced field, the author unfolds historical and contemporary theories in astronomy to provide a clear account of how the science works. His student-friendly writing style and clear explanations acquaint students with our own solar system before moving on to the stars and distant galaxies. New Comparative Planetology boxes and data table throughout the text examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all the planets in our solar system. This rich pedagogy further engages students and motivates them to think critically and develop basic reasoning skills in their studies.New and Key Features of the Seventh Edition:-Updated throughout with the latest discoveries in the field, with new and expanded content found in each chapter.-Added critical thinking and problem solving exercises can be found at the end of each chapter.-New boxes and data tables throughout examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all planets in our solar system.-To increase understanding and clarity, sample calculations have been added to mathematical sections-Instructor's materials include PowerPoint Lecture Slides, PowerPoint Image Bank, Test Bank, Instructor's Manual, animations, and more.-The companion Web site, Starlinks, is included with every new copy of the text and includes study quizzes, Exploration Web links, animated flashcards, an online glossary, chapter outlines, a calendar of upcoming astronomical events, a guide to the constellations, and a new math review/tutor.

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres
Author: Helmut Lammer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2012-09-09
ISBN 10: 3642320864
ISBN 13: 9783642320866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres Book Review:

Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by international teams he coordinated, this SpringerBrief offers a concise discussion of the origin and early evolution of atmospheres of terrestrial planets during the active phase of their host stars, as well as of the environmental conditions which are necessary in order for planets like the Earth to obtain N_2-rich atmospheres. Possible thermal and non-thermal atmospheric escape processes are discussed in a comparative way between the planets in the Solar System and exoplanets. Lastly, a hypothesis for how to test and study the discussed atmosphere evolution theories using future UV transit observations of terrestrial exoplanets within the orbits of dwarf stars is presented.

Origins

Origins
Author: Joseph Seckbach
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 709
Release: 2006-05-07
ISBN 10: 140202522X
ISBN 13: 9781402025228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origins Book Review:

In this book forty eminent scientists examine the astrobiological origins of life and the emergence of biodiversity in extreme environments. The coverage includes extremophiles: microbes living in hostile conditions of high temperature, psychrophilic, UV radiation, and halophilic environments. Also discussed are the origin and history of Martian water, and the possible biogeochemistry inside Titan.

Space Habitats and Habitability

Space Habitats and Habitability
Author: Sandra Häuplik-Meusburger,Sheryl Bishop
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-05-31
ISBN 10: 3030697401
ISBN 13: 9783030697402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Habitats and Habitability Book Review:

This book explores creative solutions to the unique challenges inherent in crafting livable spaces in extra-terrestrial environments. The goal is to foster a constructive dialogue between the researchers and planners of future (space) habitats. The authors explore the diverse concepts of the term Habitability from the perspectives of the inhabitants as well as the planners and social sciences. The book provides an overview of the evolution and advancements of designed living spaces for manned space craft, as well as analogue research and simulation facilities in extreme environments on Earth. It highlights how various current and future concepts of Habitability have been translated into design and which ones are still missing. The main emphasis of this book is to identify the important factors that will provide for well-being in our future space environments and promote creative solutions to achieving living spaces where humans can thrive. Selected aspects are discussed from a socio-spatial professional background and possible applications are illustrated. Human factors and habitability design are important topics for all working and living spaces. For space exploration, they are vital. While human factors and certain habitability issues have been integrated into the design process of manned spacecraft, there is a crucial need to move from mere survivability to factors that support thriving. As of today, the risk of an incompatible vehicle or habitat design has already been identified by NASA as recognized key risk to human health and performance in space. Habitability and human factors will become even more important determinants for the design of future long-term and commercial space facilities as larger and more diverse groups occupy off-earth habitats. The book will not only benefit individuals and organizations responsible for manned space missions and mission simulators, but also provides relevant information to designers of terrestrial austere environments (e.g., remote operational and research facilities, hospitals, prisons, manufacturing). In addition it presents general insights on the socio-spatial relationship which is of interest to researchers of social sciences, engineers and architects.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe
Author: Karl F. Kuhn
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105016795259
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Quest of the Universe Book Review:

New Worlds New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics

New Worlds  New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2011-02-04
ISBN 10: 0309157994
ISBN 13: 9780309157995
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Worlds New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics Book Review:

Driven by discoveries, and enabled by leaps in technology and imagination, our understanding of the universe has changed dramatically during the course of the last few decades. The fields of astronomy and astrophysics are making new connections to physics, chemistry, biology, and computer science. Based on a broad and comprehensive survey of scientific opportunities, infrastructure, and organization in a national and international context, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics outlines a plan for ground- and space- based astronomy and astrophysics for the decade of the 2010's. Realizing these scientific opportunities is contingent upon maintaining and strengthening the foundations of the research enterprise including technological development, theory, computation and data handling, laboratory experiments, and human resources. New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics proposes enhancing innovative but moderate-cost programs in space and on the ground that will enable the community to respond rapidly and flexibly to new scientific discoveries. The book recommends beginning construction on survey telescopes in space and on the ground to investigate the nature of dark energy, as well as the next generation of large ground-based giant optical telescopes and a new class of space-based gravitational observatory to observe the merging of distant black holes and precisely test theories of gravity. New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics recommends a balanced and executable program that will support research surrounding the most profound questions about the cosmos. The discoveries ahead will facilitate the search for habitable planets, shed light on dark energy and dark matter, and aid our understanding of the history of the universe and how the earliest stars and galaxies formed. The book is a useful resource for agencies supporting the field of astronomy and astrophysics, the Congressional committees with jurisdiction over those agencies, the scientific community, and the public.

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2001-02-16
ISBN 10: 0309070317
ISBN 13: 9780309070317
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium Book Review:

In this new book, a distinguished panel makes recommendations for the nation's programs in astronomy and astrophysics, including a number of new initiatives for observing the universe. With the goal of optimum value, the recommendations address the role of federal research agencies, allocation of funding, training for scientists, competition and collaboration among space facilities, and much more. The book identifies the most pressing science questions and explains how specific efforts, from the Next Generation Space Telescope to theoretical studies, will help reveal the answers. Discussions of how emerging information technologies can help scientists make sense of the wealth of data available are also included. Astronomy has significant impact on science in general as well as on public imagination. The committee discusses how to integrate astronomical discoveries into our education system and our national life. In preparing the New Millennium report, the AASC made use of a series of panel reports that address various aspects of ground- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. These reports provide in-depth technical detail. Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium: An Overview summarizes the science goals and recommended initiatives in a short, richly illustrated, non-technical booklet.

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life
Author: Donald Goldsmith
Publsiher: Univ Science Books
Total Pages: 308
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015019657421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life Book Review:

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2002-01-07
ISBN 10: 9780309183079
ISBN 13: 0309183073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium Book Review:

In preparing the report, Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium , the AASC made use of a series of panel reports that address various aspects of ground- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. These reports provide in-depth technical detail. Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium: An Overview summarizes the science goals and recommended initiatives in a short, richly illustrated, non-technical booklet.