Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life
Author: Ana I. Gomez de Castro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2021-03-27
ISBN 10: 0128191716
ISBN 13: 9780128191712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life Book Review:

Ultraviolet Astronomy and the Quest for the Origin of Life addresses the use of astronomical observations in the ultraviolet range to better understand the generation of complex, life-precursor molecules. The origin of RNA is still under debate but seems to be related to the generation of pools of complex organic molecules submitted to heavy cycles of solution in water and drying. This book investigates whether these cycles require a planetary surface or may occur in space by examining both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of UV radiation in the origin of life. This book offers the latest advances in these studies for astronomers, astrobiologists and planetary scientists. Addresses both the theoretical and observational aspects of the role of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the origin of life Builds on the requirements to produce prebiotic molecules in space and the implications for the origin of RNA Investigates the use of ultraviolet observations related to planetary system formation, the evolution of young planetary disks, and the interaction of stars with planetary atmospheres

Multimessenger Astronomy

Multimessenger Astronomy
Author: J. E. Beckman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030683729
ISBN 13: 9783030683726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multimessenger Astronomy Book Review:

Written by a professional astronomer who has worked on a wide spectrum of topics throughout his career, this book gives a popular science level description of what has become known as multimessenger astronomy. It links the new with the traditional, showing how astronomy has advanced at increasing pace in the modern era. In the second decade of the twenty-first century astronomy has seen the beginnings of a revolution. After centuries when all our information about the Universe has come via electromagnetic waves, now several entirely new ways of exploring it have emerged. The most spectacular has been the detection of gravitational waves in 2016, but astronomy also uses neutrinos and cosmic ray particles to probe processes in the centres of stars and galaxies. The book is strongly oriented towards measurement and technique. Widely illustrated with colourful pictures of instruments their creators and astronomical objects it will also be backed with descriptions of the underlying theories and concepts, linking predictions, observations and experiments. The thread is largely historical, although obviously it cannot be encyclopaedic. Its point of departure is the beginning of the twentieth century and it aims at being as complete as possible for the date of completion at the end of 2020. The book addresses a wide public whose interest in science is served by magazines like Scientific American: lively, intelligent readers but without university studies in physics.

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System
Author: M. Vázquez,A. Hanslmeier
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2006-06-30
ISBN 10: 1402037309
ISBN 13: 9781402037306
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultraviolet Radiation in the Solar System Book Review:

In the history of science the opening up of a new observational or experimental window is always followed by an increase in knowledge of the subject concerned. This is also the case with the subject of this book, ultraviolet radiation (hereafter UV). In principle, the ultraviolet range might be just one more of these windows, of no particular importance. However, the energy per UV photon provides the main peculiarity, its magnitude being great enough to produce important ch- ical reactions in the atmospheres of planets and satellites, thereby a?ecting the transmission of this radiation to the ground. The Sun is the main natural source of UV radiation in the Solar System and our planet is the body where its in?uences can be best tested and the only one where its relation with life can be studied. However, the terrestrial atmosphere blocksmostofthephotonsinthiselectromagneticrangeandastronomershavehad to develop various techniques (balloons, planes and rockets) to cross this barrier and access the information. These tools have been used in parallel to investigate the physical properties of the terrestrial atmosphere and the interaction of its constituents with light. This book will addresses most of these topics.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology
Author: Gerda Horneck,Christa Baumstark-Khan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 364259381X
ISBN 13: 9783642593819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astrobiology Book Review:

This book bridges a gap in the literature by bringing together leading specialists from different backgrounds. It addresses the specific need for a readable book on this very interdisciplinary and new topic at research level.

Rare Earth

Rare Earth
Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2007-05-08
ISBN 10: 0387218483
ISBN 13: 9780387218489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rare Earth Book Review:

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

The Astrophysical Context of Life

The Astrophysical Context of Life
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 93
Release: 2005-06-25
ISBN 10: 0309096278
ISBN 13: 9780309096270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Astrophysical Context of Life Book Review:

In 1997, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) formed the National Astrobiology Institute to coordinate and fund research into the origins, distribution, and fate of life in the universe. A 2002 NRC study of that program, Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and International Programs in Astrobiology, raised a number of concerns about the Astrobiology program. In particular, it concluded that areas of astrophysics related to the astronomical environment in which life arose on earth were not well represented in the program. In response to that finding, the Space Studies Board requested the original study committee, the Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, to examine ways to augment and integrate astronomy and astrophysics into the Astrobiology program. This report presents the results of that study. It provides a review of the earlier report and related efforts, a detailed examination of the elements of the astrobiology program that would benefit from greater integration and augmentation of astronomy and astrophysics, and an assessment of ways to facilitate the integration of astronomy with other astrobiology disciplines.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe
Author: Theo Koupelis
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2012-12
ISBN 10: 1449647944
ISBN 13: 9781449647940
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Quest of the Universe Book Review:

Every new copy of In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition print textbook includes access to the Companion WebsiteDesigned for the nonscience major, In Quest of the Universe, Seventh Edition provides a comprehensive, accessible introduction to astronomy, while taking students on an exciting trek through our solar system and beyond. Updated throughout with the latest findings in this fast-paced field, the author unfolds historical and contemporary theories in astronomy to provide a clear account of how the science works. His student-friendly writing style and clear explanations acquaint students with our own solar system before moving on to the stars and distant galaxies. New Comparative Planetology boxes and data table throughout the text examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all the planets in our solar system. This rich pedagogy further engages students and motivates them to think critically and develop basic reasoning skills in their studies.New and Key Features of the Seventh Edition:-Updated throughout with the latest discoveries in the field, with new and expanded content found in each chapter.-Added critical thinking and problem solving exercises can be found at the end of each chapter.-New boxes and data tables throughout examine the similarities and differences in the geology, evolution, and atmospheres of all planets in our solar system.-To increase understanding and clarity, sample calculations have been added to mathematical sections-Instructor's materials include PowerPoint Lecture Slides, PowerPoint Image Bank, Test Bank, Instructor's Manual, animations, and more.-The companion Web site, Starlinks, is included with every new copy of the text and includes study quizzes, Exploration Web links, animated flashcards, an online glossary, chapter outlines, a calendar of upcoming astronomical events, a guide to the constellations, and a new math review/tutor.

Life in the Cosmos

Life in the Cosmos
Author: Manasvi Lingam,Avi Loeb
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2021-06-29
ISBN 10: 0674259947
ISBN 13: 9780674259942
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life in the Cosmos Book Review:

A rigorous and scientific analysis of the myriad possibilities of life beyond our planet. “Are we alone in the universe?” This tantalizing question has captivated humanity over millennia, but seldom has it been approached rigorously. Today the search for signatures of extraterrestrial life and intelligence has become a rapidly advancing scientific endeavor. Missions to Mars, Europa, and Titan seek evidence of life. Laboratory experiments have made great strides in creating synthetic life, deepening our understanding of conditions that give rise to living entities. And on the horizon are sophisticated telescopes to detect and characterize exoplanets most likely to harbor life. Life in the Cosmos offers a thorough overview of the burgeoning field of astrobiology, including the salient methods and paradigms involved in the search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence. Manasvi Lingam and Abraham Loeb tackle three areas of interest in hunting for life “out there”: first, the pathways by which life originates and evolves; second, planetary and stellar factors that affect the habitability of worlds, with an eye on the biomarkers that may reveal the presence of microbial life; and finally, the detection of technological signals that could be indicative of intelligence. Drawing on empirical data from observations and experiments, as well as the latest theoretical and computational developments, the authors make a compelling scientific case for the search for life beyond what we can currently see. Meticulous and comprehensive, Life in the Cosmos is a master class from top researchers in astrobiology, suggesting that the answer to our age-old question is closer than ever before.

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres
Author: Helmut Lammer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2012-09-09
ISBN 10: 3642320864
ISBN 13: 9783642320866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origin and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres Book Review:

Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by international teams he coordinated, this SpringerBrief offers a concise discussion of the origin and early evolution of atmospheres of terrestrial planets during the active phase of their host stars, as well as of the environmental conditions which are necessary in order for planets like the Earth to obtain N_2-rich atmospheres. Possible thermal and non-thermal atmospheric escape processes are discussed in a comparative way between the planets in the Solar System and exoplanets. Lastly, a hypothesis for how to test and study the discussed atmosphere evolution theories using future UV transit observations of terrestrial exoplanets within the orbits of dwarf stars is presented.

Origins

Origins
Author: Joseph Seckbach
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 709
Release: 2006-05-07
ISBN 10: 140202522X
ISBN 13: 9781402025228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origins Book Review:

In this book forty eminent scientists examine the astrobiological origins of life and the emergence of biodiversity in extreme environments. The coverage includes extremophiles: microbes living in hostile conditions of high temperature, psychrophilic, UV radiation, and halophilic environments. Also discussed are the origin and history of Martian water, and the possible biogeochemistry inside Titan.

In Quest of the Universe

In Quest of the Universe
Author: Karl F. Kuhn
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105016795259
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Quest of the Universe Book Review:

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics Guidelines for Future UV Observatories

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics  Guidelines for Future UV Observatories
Author: Ana I. Gómez de Castro,Willem Wamsteker
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2007-01-30
ISBN 10: 1402048394
ISBN 13: 9781402048395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics Guidelines for Future UV Observatories Book Review:

Modern astrophysics has evolved early phases of discovery and classification to a physics-oriented quest for answers to fundamental problems from cosmology to the origin and diversity of life-sustainable systems in the Universe. Future progress in modern astrophysics requires access to the electromagnetic spectrum in the broadest energy range. This book describes the fundamental problems in modern astrophysics that cannot progress without easy and wide-spread access to modern UV instrumentation.

The Genesis Quest

The Genesis Quest
Author: Michael Marshall
Publsiher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2020-08-20
ISBN 10: 1474611443
ISBN 13: 9781474611442
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genesis Quest Book Review:

'A fascinating and challenging story' New York Review of Books 'This is an incredibly absorbing and insightful book about the most important scientific question of our age' Mark Miodownik, author of Stuff Matters 'The story of the quest to understand life's genesis is a universal one, in which everyone can find pleasure and fascination. By asking how life came to be, we are implicitly asking why we are here, whether life exists on other planets, and what it means to be alive. This book is the story of a group of fragile, flawed humans who chose to wrestle with these questions. By exploring the origin of life, we can catch a glimpse of the infinite.' How did life begin? Why are we here? These are some of the most profound questions we can ask. For almost a century, a small band of eccentric scientists has struggled to answer these questions and explain one of the greatest mysteries of all: how and why life began on Earth. There are many different proposals, and each idea has attracted passionate believers who promote it with an almost religious fervour, as well as detractors who reject it with equal passion. But the quest to unravel life's genesis is not just a story of big ideas. It is also a compelling human story, rich in personalities, conflicts, and surprising twists and turns. Along the way the journey takes in some of the greatest discoveries in modern biology, from evolution and cells to DNA and life's family tree. It is also a search whose end may finally be in sight. In The Genesis Quest, Michael Marshall shows how the quest to understand life's beginning is also a journey to discover the true nature of life, and by extension our place in the universe.

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2001-02-16
ISBN 10: 0309070317
ISBN 13: 9780309070317
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium Book Review:

In this new book, a distinguished panel makes recommendations for the nation's programs in astronomy and astrophysics, including a number of new initiatives for observing the universe. With the goal of optimum value, the recommendations address the role of federal research agencies, allocation of funding, training for scientists, competition and collaboration among space facilities, and much more. The book identifies the most pressing science questions and explains how specific efforts, from the Next Generation Space Telescope to theoretical studies, will help reveal the answers. Discussions of how emerging information technologies can help scientists make sense of the wealth of data available are also included. Astronomy has significant impact on science in general as well as on public imagination. The committee discusses how to integrate astronomical discoveries into our education system and our national life. In preparing the New Millennium report, the AASC made use of a series of panel reports that address various aspects of ground- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. These reports provide in-depth technical detail. Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millenium: An Overview summarizes the science goals and recommended initiatives in a short, richly illustrated, non-technical booklet.

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life
Author: Donald Goldsmith
Publsiher: Univ Science Books
Total Pages: 328
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015019657421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life Book Review:

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2005-02-28
ISBN 10: 0309165458
ISBN 13: 9780309165457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope Book Review:

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has operated continuously since 1990. During that time, four space shuttle-based service missions were launched, three of which added major observational capabilities. A fifth â€" SM-4 â€" was intended to replace key telescope systems and install two new instruments. The loss of the space shuttle Columbia, however, resulted in a decision by NASA not to pursue the SM-4 mission leading to a likely end of Hubble's useful life in 2007-2008. This situation resulted in an unprecedented outcry from scientists and the public. As a result, NASA began to explore and develop a robotic servicing mission; and Congress directed NASA to request a study from the National Research Council (NRC) of the robotic and shuttle servicing options for extending the life of Hubble. This report presents an assessment of those two options. It provides an examination of the contributions made by Hubble and those likely as the result of a servicing mission, and a comparative analysis of the potential risk of the two options for servicing Hubble. The study concludes that the Shuttle option would be the most effective one for prolonging Hubble's productive life.

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2019-04-20
ISBN 10: 0309484162
ISBN 13: 9780309484169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Astrobiology Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe Book Review:

Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. It is an inherently interdisciplinary field that encompasses astronomy, biology, geology, heliophysics, and planetary science, including complementary laboratory activities and field studies conducted in a wide range of terrestrial environments. Combining inherent scientific interest and public appeal, the search for life in the solar system and beyond provides a scientific rationale for many current and future activities carried out by the National Aeronautics and Science Administration (NASA) and other national and international agencies and organizations. Requested by NASA, this study offers a science strategy for astrobiology that outlines key scientific questions, identifies the most promising research in the field, and indicates the extent to which the mission priorities in existing decadal surveys address the search for life's origin, evolution, distribution, and future in the universe. This report makes recommendations for advancing the research, obtaining the measurements, and realizing NASA's goal to search for signs of life in the universe.

Space Exploration and Humanity A Historical Encyclopedia 2 volumes

Space Exploration and Humanity  A Historical Encyclopedia  2 volumes
Author: American Astronautical Society
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 1318
Release: 2010-08-23
ISBN 10: 1851095195
ISBN 13: 9781851095193
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Exploration and Humanity A Historical Encyclopedia 2 volumes Book Review:

A complete history of human endeavors in space, this book also moves beyond the traditional topics of human spaceflight, space technology, and space science to include political, social, cultural, and economic issues, and also commercial, civilian, and military applications. • 580 articles describing various aspects of manned and unmanned space exploration, including a full range of social, technological, and political issues, such as government policy, nationalism, and the technology/military-driven economy • Six overview essays, introducing each of the encyclopedia's major sections and putting that aspect of space exploration into historical context • 136 contributors, many who are leading space historians and experts affiliated with the American Astronautical Society, make firsthand knowledge and fresh insights accessible to all audiences • Numerous photos, including stunning shots from space, star charts, technical drawings, and more • Short bibliographies conclude each entry, pointing readers to the best sources to find out more about the topic • A Glossary defining the various technical terms encountered in the encyclopedia

From Fossils to Astrobiology

From Fossils to Astrobiology
Author: Joseph Seckbach,Maud Walsh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2008-11-07
ISBN 10: 140208837X
ISBN 13: 9781402088377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Fossils to Astrobiology Book Review:

From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study, including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expert scientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimulating reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth and beyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found in the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports of "nanobacteria" in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in focusing on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike.

Space Habitats and Habitability

Space Habitats and Habitability
Author: Sandra Häuplik-Meusburger,Sheryl Bishop
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-05-31
ISBN 10: 3030697401
ISBN 13: 9783030697402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Habitats and Habitability Book Review:

This book explores creative solutions to the unique challenges inherent in crafting livable spaces in extra-terrestrial environments. The goal is to foster a constructive dialogue between the researchers and planners of future (space) habitats. The authors explore the diverse concepts of the term Habitability from the perspectives of the inhabitants as well as the planners and social sciences. The book provides an overview of the evolution and advancements of designed living spaces for manned space craft, as well as analogue research and simulation facilities in extreme environments on Earth. It highlights how various current and future concepts of Habitability have been translated into design and which ones are still missing. The main emphasis of this book is to identify the important factors that will provide for well-being in our future space environments and promote creative solutions to achieving living spaces where humans can thrive. Selected aspects are discussed from a socio-spatial professional background and possible applications are illustrated. Human factors and habitability design are important topics for all working and living spaces. For space exploration, they are vital. While human factors and certain habitability issues have been integrated into the design process of manned spacecraft, there is a crucial need to move from mere survivability to factors that support thriving. As of today, the risk of an incompatible vehicle or habitat design has already been identified by NASA as recognized key risk to human health and performance in space. Habitability and human factors will become even more important determinants for the design of future long-term and commercial space facilities as larger and more diverse groups occupy off-earth habitats. The book will not only benefit individuals and organizations responsible for manned space missions and mission simulators, but also provides relevant information to designers of terrestrial austere environments (e.g., remote operational and research facilities, hospitals, prisons, manufacturing). In addition it presents general insights on the socio-spatial relationship which is of interest to researchers of social sciences, engineers and architects.