Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors
Author: Alexander Perevezentsev,Mikhail Rozenkevich
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2021-06-02
ISBN 10: 0128243236
ISBN 13: 9780128243237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors Book Review:

Tritium Technologies for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors summarizes the most recent research and practice in tritium technologies for the processing of hydrogen isotopes in fuel cycles. Authors Dr. Perevezentsev and Professor Rozenkevich combine their wealth of first-hand experience to present this comprehensive guide which promotes the best radiation protection practices and a more sustainable way to produce power in a thermonuclear reactor plant. Applicable to both magnetic and inertial confinements of plasma, this book covers tritium processing systems, tritium recovery from the plasma chamber, and various safety systems devoted to lessening the impact on the public and environment. The readers are also led through various modeling techniques, such as the separation of hydrogen isotopes, and the detritiation of liquid and gaseous streams in dynamic and steady state operation modes. This book is a practical guide which includes various case studies and examples which will help solidify the reader’s learning. It combines the latest research of tritium technologies with applications for fusion nuclear reactors, and includes solutions and directions for the resolution of various common challenges faced. Engineers, researchers, and students of tritium technologies, fusion energy, and nuclear power generation will gain a detailed and integrated understanding of how tritium can be used within a nuclear setting, for cleaner and more efficient power generation. Guides the reader through problem solving via step-by-step processes and models Includes case studies and examples throughout, from two of the most recognized experts in the field with firsthand knowledge of the subject Presents a comprehensive, practical reference on the tritium fuel cycle for fusion reactors

Tritium Fuel of Fusion Reactors

Tritium  Fuel of Fusion Reactors
Author: Tetsuo Tanabe
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN 10: 4431564608
ISBN 13: 9784431564607
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tritium Fuel of Fusion Reactors Book Review:

This book focuses on tritium as a fuel for fusion reactors and a next-generation energy source. Following an introduction of tritium as a hydrogen radioisotope, important issues involved in establishing safe and economical tritium fuel cycles including breeding for a fusion reactor are summarized; these include the handling of large amounts of tritium: confinement, leakage, contamination, permeation, regulation and tritium accountancy, and impacts on surrounding areas. Targeting and encouraging the students and technicians who will design and operate fusion reactors in the near future, this book offers a valuable resource on tritium science and technology.

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology
Author: F. Mannone
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401119104
ISBN 13: 9789401119108
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology Book Review:

The use of tritium as a basic fuel material in a thermonuclear fusion reactor raises particular safety issues due to the combined effects of its physico chemical properties and radioactive nature. Furthermore the possibility of attaining further significant progresses in developing and demonstrating the feasibility of tritium burning devices relies on the handling of tritium macroquantities, say ten grammes, in a safe and reliable manner. It is also undoubted that, apart from technological constraints, any validation and exploitation of thermonuclear fusion as a source of energy will be strongly conditioned by the application of stringent operational and environmental safety criteria as it derives from norms of the modern legislation and public acceptance considerations. Even if the safe handling of tritium has already been demonstrated to be feasible on a full fuel cycle scale, it is unanimously recognized that further efforts are still to be concentrated on the improvement of current concepts and development of advanced technologies. Some of the areas requiring substantial additional efforts are plasma exhaust fuel c1ean-up, tritium pellet injection, processing of inert carrier gas, development of large free-oil pumps,tritlUm process analytics, development of large detritiation systems, beryllium-tritium interaction studies, tritium hold-up studies in getter beds, adsorbers and structural materials, tritium recovery from first wall, structural and breeder materials for minimizing tritiated waste arising,tritium storage technology, tritiated waste disposal technolo~y, methodology for routine tritium accountancy,etc . . Most of them are intrinsically related to the safety requirement of tritium technology.

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems
Author: W. H. Smith,W. R. Wilkes,L. J. Wittenberg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 171
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112119568795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems Book Review:

Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems

Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems
Author: marco riva
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1163672927
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Predictive Methods and Analysis of Time Dependent Tritium Flow Rates and Inventories in Fusion Systems Book Review:

In nuclear fusion reactors, tritium dynamics plays a dominant role. An unprecedented amount of tritium is consumed in Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) nuclear fusion reactors, ~0.5 kg per day for 3 GW fusion power. However, tritium is radioactive, has short half-life (~12.33 years), and is present in nature in negligible concentration. Because of tritium scarcity, future fusion power reactors must be self-sufficient, i.e. the reactor must have a closed fuel cycle where tritium is produced in greater amounts than it is consumed. Furthermore, nuclear fusion reactors must accumulate and provide tritium start-up inventory for the next generation of fusion power plants, since natural reserves of tritium are very limited. Moreover, because of its radioactive nature, tritium presents a serious hazard to the personnel and has implications to safety and nuclear licensing. Accurate predictive models of the nuclear fusion fuel cycle are required to effectively design the fuel cycle components, understand tritium dynamics in the fusion fuel cycle, and determine the technology and physics requirements to attain tritium self-sufficiency. Moreover, accurate predictions of tritium inventories and flow rates within fusion components, and estimations of tritium releases to the environment are necessary for nuclear licensing. In this dissertation, two numerical models are developed to perform tritium transport assessment within fusion systems. First, a high fidelity numerical model is developed to simulate time-dependent tritium transport within the reactor outer fuel cycle (OFC). Detailed (high resolution) component-level models, where constitutive transport equations are implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics and solved for various fusion sub-systems, are integrated into system-level with the use of MATLAB/Simulink S-Functions to reproduce typical OFC tritium streams. The model is applied to the KOrean Helium Cooled Ceramic Reflector Test Blanket System (KO-HCCR TBS) which will be tested in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). However, the developed model offers some flexibility and can be applied to other Test Blanket Module (TBM) designs. Second, the overall fusion fuel cycle is modeled analytically by a system of time-dependent zero-dimensional ordinary differential equations with the tritium mean residence time method. This technique yields results useful for understanding the overall fuel cycle dynamics and the importance of certain components and parameters. The analysis of tritium inventories and flow rates is extended to determine the physics and technology requirements to attain tritium self-sufficiency. In particular, the state-of-the-art plasma physics and technology parameters (e.g. tritium burn fraction, fueling efficiency, processing times, etc.) and up-to-date fuel cycle design are considered in the analysis. The tritium self-sufficiency assessment and tritium start-up inventory evaluation are performed to investigate: (i) the effect of the reactor operating scenario and availability factor, e.g. to account for random failures and ordinary maintenance, (ii) the scenarios for commercialization, e.g. risk associated with tritium reserve inventory reduction, (iii) the penetration of fusion energy into power market, e.g. effect of the doubling time, and (iv) the effect of reactor power on tritium start-up inventory, e.g. for plasma-based test facilities, DEMOnstration reactors (DEMO), and power reactors. The results highlight the physics and technology R&D requirements to attain fuel self-sufficiency in fusion reactors.

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems October 1 2 1974

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems  October 1   2  1974
Author: W. H. Smith,W. R. Wilkes,L. J. Wittenberg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 171
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105030251313
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Symposium on Tritium Technology Related to Fusion Reactor Systems October 1 2 1974 Book Review:

Renewable Energies and CO2

Renewable Energies and CO2
Author: Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus,José Manuel Martínez-Duart
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 373
Release: 2012-09-14
ISBN 10: 1447143841
ISBN 13: 9781447143840
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energies and CO2 Book Review:

Providing up-to-date numerical data across a range of topics related to renewable energy technologies, Renewable Energies and CO2 offers a one-stop source of key information to engineers, economists and all other professionals working in the energy and climate change sectors. The most relevant up-to-date numerical data are exposed in 201 tables and graphs, integrated in terms of units and methodology, and covering topics such as energy system capacities and lifetimes, production costs, energy payback ratios, carbon emissions, external costs, patents and literature statistics. The data are first presented and then analyzed to project potential future grid, heat and fuel parity scenarios, as well as future technology tendencies in different energy technological areas. Innovative highlights and descriptions of preproduction energy systems and components from the past four years have been gathered from selected journals and international energy departments from G20 countries. As the field develops, readers are invited and encouraged to contact the authors for feedback and comments. The ongoing data collection and analysis will be used – after proper acknowledgment of contributors - to develop new editions. In this way, it is ensured that Renewable Energies and CO2 will remain an up-to-date resource for all those working with or involved in renewable energy, climate change, energy storage, carbon capture and smart grids.

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy
Author: Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2013-07-19
ISBN 10: 030927222X
ISBN 13: 9780309272223
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy Book Review:

The potential for using fusion energy to produce commercial electric power was first explored in the 1950s. Harnessing fusion energy offers the prospect of a nearly carbon-free energy source with a virtually unlimited supply of fuel. Unlike nuclear fission plants, appropriately designed fusion power plants would not produce the large amounts of high-level nuclear waste that requires long-term disposal. Due to these prospects, many nations have initiated research and development (R&D) programs aimed at developing fusion as an energy source. Two R&D approaches are being explored: magnetic fusion energy (MFE) and inertial fusion energy (IFE). An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy describes and assesses the current status of IFE research in the United States; compares the various technical approaches to IFE; and identifies the scientific and engineering challenges associated with developing inertial confinement fusion (ICF) in particular as an energy source. It also provides guidance on an R&D roadmap at the conceptual level for a national program focusing on the design and construction of an inertial fusion energy demonstration plant.

Physics and Technology of Tritium for Fusion Reactors

Physics and Technology of Tritium for Fusion Reactors
Author: International School of Plasma Physics "Piero Caldirola."
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:79168209
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Technology of Tritium for Fusion Reactors Book Review:

Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear Fusion
Author: Igor Girka
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2019-04-17
ISBN 10: 1789857872
ISBN 13: 9781789857870
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Fusion Book Review:

Power production and its consumption and distribution are among the most urgent problems of mankind. Despite positive dynamics in introducing renewable sources of energy, nuclear power plants still remain the major source of carbon-free electric energy. Fusion can be an alternative to fission in the foreseeable future. Research in the field of controlled nuclear fusion has been ongoing for almost 100 years. Magnetic confinement systems are the most promising for effective implementation, and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor is under construction in France. To accomplish nuclear fusion on Earth, we have to resolve a number of scientific and technological problems. This monograph includes selected chapters on nuclear physics and mechanical engineering within the scope of nuclear fusion.

UWFDM

UWFDM
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1984
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: WISC:89046396404
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

UWFDM Book Review:

Magnetic Fusion Technology

Magnetic Fusion Technology
Author: Thomas J. Dolan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 801
Release: 2014-02-10
ISBN 10: 1447155564
ISBN 13: 9781447155560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Fusion Technology Book Review:

Magnetic Fusion Technology describes the technologies that are required for successful development of nuclear fusion power plants using strong magnetic fields. These technologies include: • magnet systems, • plasma heating systems, • control systems, • energy conversion systems, • advanced materials development, • vacuum systems, • cryogenic systems, • plasma diagnostics, • safety systems, and • power plant design studies. Magnetic Fusion Technology will be useful to students and to specialists working in energy research.

RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U S ERDA AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME 4 VOLS

RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS  PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE  OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY  U S ERDA  AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY  NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME  4 VOLS
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:846575187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

RADIATION EFFECTS AND TRITIUM TECHNOLOGY FOR FUSION REACTORS PROCEEDINGS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U S ERDA AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY NUCLEAR METALLURGY COMMITTE OF AIME 4 VOLS Book Review:

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976-02
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: PSU:000047758872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book Review:

Design Technology of Fusion Reactors

Design Technology of Fusion Reactors
Author: Minoru Akiyama
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 617
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 9789971507275
ISBN 13: 9971507277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design Technology of Fusion Reactors Book Review:

This book contains the contributions of over 40 outstanding applied physicists from Japan specializing in this area of design technology. Among them are K Miya, S Yamamoto, M Ohnishi, Y Ogawa, Y Sakai, T Kuroda, H Nariai, K Miyazaki, H Madarame, M Saitoh.The topics discussed extensively include: Plasma; First Wall and Impurity Control Engineering; Blanket and Shield; Magnet; Heating; Power Supply; Tritium Systems; Fuel Supply System; Remote Handling; Vacuum System; Building; Cooling System; Fundamentals for Design Technology.

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design
Author: Vasilij A. Glukhikh,Oleg Gennadievich Filatov,Boris Nikolaevich Kolbasov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2018-05-21
ISBN 10: 0081024711
ISBN 13: 9780081024713
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design Book Review:

Fundamentals of Magnetic Thermonuclear Reactor Design is a comprehensive resource on fusion technology and energy systems written by renowned scientists and engineers from the Russian nuclear industry. It brings together a wealth of invaluable experience and knowledge on controlled thermonuclear fusion (CTF) facilities with magnetic plasma confinement – from the first semi-commercial tokamak T-3, to the multi-billion international experimental thermonuclear reactor ITER, now in construction in France. As the INTOR and ITER projects have made an immense contribution in the past few decades, this book focuses on its practical engineering aspects and the basics of technical physics and electrical engineering. Users will gain an understanding of the key ratios between plasma and technical parameters, design streamlining algorithms and engineering solutions. Written by a team of qualified experts who have been involved in the design of thermonuclear reactors for over 50 years Outlines the most important features of the ITER project in France which is building the largest tokamak, including the design, material selection, safety and economic considerations Includes data on how to design magnetic fusion reactors using CAD tools, along with relevant regulatory documents

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals
Author: Rainer Lässer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2013-03-13
ISBN 10: 364273510X
ISBN 13: 9783642735103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tritium and Helium 3 in Metals Book Review:

Hydrogen can behave as an alkaline metal or a halogen and can react with nearly all elements of the periodic table. This explains the large number of metal hydrides. Since T. Graham's first observation of the absorption of hydrogen in palladium in 1866 the behaviour of hydrogen in metals has been studied very extensively. The interest was motivated by the possible application of metal-hydrogen systems in new technologies (e.g., moderator material in nuclear fission reactors, reversible storage material for thermal energy and large amounts of hydrogen) and by the fact that metal hydrides show very exciting physical properties (e.g., superconductivity, quantum diffusion, order-disorder transitions, phase diagrams, etc.). Many of these properties have been determined for the stable hydrogen isotopes Hand D in various metals. In comparison, very little is known about the behaviour of the ra dioactive isotope tritium in metals. This book is a first attempt to summarize part of the knowledge of tritium gained in the last few years. In addition to the task of presenting the properties of tritium in metals, I have tried to compare these data with those of protium and deuterium. Furthermore, helium-3 is connected inse parably with tritium via the tritium decay. Therefore one chapter of this book is solely devoted to the curious properties of helium in metals caused mainly by its negligible solubility.

Principles of Fusion Energy

Principles of Fusion Energy
Author: A A Harms,D R Kingdon,K F Schoepf,G H Miley
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2000-06-15
ISBN 10: 981310273X
ISBN 13: 9789813102736
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Fusion Energy Book Review:

This textbook accommodates the two divergent developmental paths which have become solidly established in the field of fusion energy: the process of sequential tokamak development toward a prototype and the need for a more fundamental and integrative research approach before costly design choices are made. Emphasis is placed on the development of physically coherent and mathematically clear characterizations of the scientific and technological foundations of fusion energy which are specifically suitable for a first course on the subject. Of interest, therefore, are selected aspects of nuclear physics, electromagnetics, plasma physics, reaction dynamics, materials science, and engineering systems, all brought together to form an integrated perspective on nuclear fusion and its practical utilization. The book identifies several distinct themes. The first is concerned with preliminary and introductory topics which relate to the basic and relevant physical processes associated with nuclear fusion. Then, the authors undertake an analysis of magnetically confined, inertially confined, and low-temperature fusion energy concepts. Subsequently, they introduce the important blanket domains surrounding the fusion core and discuss synergetic fusion-fission systems. Finally, they consider selected conceptual and technological subjects germane to the continuing development of fusion energy systems.

Safety Environmental Impact and Economic Prospects of Nuclear Fusion

Safety  Environmental Impact  and Economic Prospects of Nuclear Fusion
Author: Bruno Brunelli,Heinz Knoepfel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461306191
ISBN 13: 9781461306191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety Environmental Impact and Economic Prospects of Nuclear Fusion Book Review:

This book contains the lectures and the concluding discussion of the "Seminar on Safety, Environmental Impact, and Economic Prospects of Nuclear Fusion", which was held at Erice, August 6-12, 1989. In selecting the contributions to this 9th meeting held by the International School of Fusion Reactor Technology at the E. Majorana Center for Scientific Cul ture in Erice, we tried to provide a comprehensive coverage of the many interre lated and interdisciplinary aspects of what ultimately turns out to be the global acceptance criteria of our society with respect to controlled nuclear fusion. Consequently, this edited collection of the papers presented should provide an overview of these issues. We thus hope that this book, with its extensive subject index, will also be of interest and help to nonfusion specialists and, in general, to those who from curiosity or by assignment are required to be informed on these as pects of fusion energy.

Nuclear Technologies in a Sustainable Energy System

Nuclear Technologies in a Sustainable Energy System
Author: W. Häfele,G.S. Bauer,A. McDonald,A.A. Harms
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 3642819885
ISBN 13: 9783642819889
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Technologies in a Sustainable Energy System Book Review:

In March 1981 the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) published the results of a global energy study looking fifty years into the future: Energy in a Finite World: A Global Systems Analysis (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger Publishing Co. , 1981)*. Not surprisingly, this book raises almost as many questions as it answers; thus, it defines a broad range of research topics that might be taken up by IIASA or other research institutions around the world. A 25-27 May 1981 workshop at IIASA entitled "A Perspective on Adaptive Nuclear Energy Evolutions: Towards a World of Neutron Abundance" was a beginning on one of these topics; it was organized by Wolf Hafele (Kernforschungsanlage Ji. ilich, Jiilich, Federal Republic of Germany, and IIASA) and Arkadius Archie Harms (McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). The origin of this workshop was the effort with in the IIASA energy study to explore possible "sustainable" global energy systems that might eventually replace the current "consumptive" system. In investigating the possible contributions nuclear technologies might make to a sustainable energy system, it had become clear that it is not so much particular, distinct technologies within the nuclear family that should be examined as a question of particularly advantageous configurations of mutually complementary technologies. Only when one considers exploiting a whole spectrum of arrangements of fission breeders, fusion reactors, and accelerators does the true potential of nuclear power become apparent.