Tribal Leadership

Tribal Leadership
Author: Dave Logan,John King,Halee Fischer-Wright
Publsiher: Harper Collins
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2009-10-13
ISBN 10: 0061754722
ISBN 13: 9780061754722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Leadership Book Review:

“Tribal Leadership gives amazingly insightful perspective on how people interact and succeed. I learned about myself and learned lessons I will carry with me and reflect on for the rest of my life.” —John W. Fanning, Founding Chairman and CEO napster Inc. “An unusually nuanced view of high-performance cultures.” —Inc. Within each corporation are anywhere from a few to hundreds of separate tribes. In Tribal Leadership, Dave Logan, John King, and Halee Fischer-Wright demonstrate how these tribes develop—and show you how to assess them and lead them to maximize productivity and growth. A business management book like no other, Tribal Leadership is an essential tool to help managers and business leaders take better control of their organizations by utilizing the unique characteristics of the tribes that exist within.

Tribal Leadership

Tribal Leadership
Author: Dave Logan,John King,Halee Fischer-Wright
Publsiher: HarperBusiness
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2011-06-07
ISBN 10: 9780061251320
ISBN 13: 0061251321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Leadership Book Review:

Every organization is composed of tribes—naturally occurring groups of between 20 and 150 people. Until now, only a few leaders could identify and develop their tribes, and those rare individuals were rewarded with loyalty, productivity, and industry-changing innovation. Tribal Leadership shows leaders how to assess, identify, and upgrade their tribes' cultures, one stage at a time. The result is an organization that can thrive in any economy.

Tribal Leadership

Tribal Leadership
Author: Dave Logan,John King,Halee Fischer-Wright
Publsiher: HarperBusiness
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2008-01-22
ISBN 10: 9780061251306
ISBN 13: 0061251305
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Leadership Book Review:

It's a fact of life: birds flock, fish school, people "tribe." Every company, indeed every organization, is a tribe, or if it's large enough, a network of tribes—groups of 20 to 150 people in which everyone knows everyone else, or at least knows of everyone else. Tribes are more powerful than teams, companies, or even CEOs, and yet their key leverage points have not been mapped—until now. In Tribal Leadership, Dave Logan, John King, and Halee Fischer-Wright show leaders how to assess their organization's tribal culture on a scale from one to five and then implement specific tools to elevate the stage to the next. The result is unprecedented success. In a rigorous eight-year study of approximately 24,000 people in over two dozen corporations, Logan, King, and Fischer-Wright refine and define a common theme: the success of a company depends on its tribes, the strength of its tribes is determined by the tribal culture, and a thriving corporate culture can be established by an effective tribal leader. Tribal Leadership will show leaders how to employ their companies' tribes to maximize productivity and profit: the authors' research, backed up with interviews ranging from Brian France (CEO of NASCAR) to "Dilbert" creator Scott Adams, shows that over three quarters of the organizations they've studied have tribal cultures that are merely adequate, no better than the third of five tribal stages. Leaders, managers, and organizations that fail to understand, motivate, and grow their tribes will find it impossible to succeed in an increasingly fragmented world of business. The often counterintuitive findings of Tribal Leadership will help leaders at today's major corporations, small businesses, and nonprofits learn how to take the people in their organization from adequate to outstanding, to discover the secrets that have led the highest-level tribes (like the team at Apple that designed the iPod) to remarkable heights, and to find new ways to succeed where others have failed.

Tribes

Tribes
Author: Seth Godin
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2008-10-16
ISBN 10: 9781591842330
ISBN 13: 1591842336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribes Book Review:

The New York Times, BusinessWeek, and Wall Street Journal Bestseller that redefined what it means to be a leader. Since it was first published almost a decade ago, Seth Godin's visionary book has helped tens of thousands of leaders turn a scattering of followers into a loyal tribe. If you need to rally fellow employees, customers, investors, believers, hobbyists, or readers around an idea, this book will demystify the process. It's human nature to seek out tribes, be they religious, ethnic, economic, political, or even musical (think of the Deadheads). Now the Internet has eliminated the barriers of geography, cost, and time. Social media gives anyone who wants to make a difference the tools to do so. With his signature wit and storytelling flair, Godin presents the three steps to building a tribe: the desire to change things, the ability to connect a tribe, and the willingness to lead. If you think leadership is for other people, think again—leaders come in surprising packages. Consider Joel Spolsky and his international tribe of scary-smart software engineers. Or Gary Vaynerhuck, a wine expert with a devoted following of enthusiasts. Chris Sharma led a tribe of rock climbers up impossible cliff faces, while Mich Mathews, a VP at Microsoft, ran her internal tribe of marketers from her cube in Seattle. Tribes will make you think—really think—about the opportunities to mobilize an audience that are already at your fingertips. It's not easy, but it's easier than you think.

The Shaykh of Shaykhs

The Shaykh of Shaykhs
Author: Yoav Alon
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN 10: 0804799342
ISBN 13: 9780804799348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Shaykh of Shaykhs Book Review:

Shaykh Mithqal al-Fayiz's life spanned a period of dramatic transformation in the Middle East. Born in the 1880s during a time of rapid modernization across the Ottoman Empire, Mithqal led his tribe through World War I, the development and decline of colonial rule and founding of Jordan, the establishment of the state of Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict that ensued, and the rise of pan-Arabism. As Mithqal navigated regional politics over the decades, he redefined the modern role of the shaykh. In following Mithqal's remarkable life, this book explores tribal leadership in the modern Middle East more generally. The support of Mithqal's tribe to the Jordanian Hashemite regime extends back to the creation of Jordan in 1921 and has characterized its political system ever since. The long-standing alliances between tribal elites and the royal family explain, to a large extent, the extraordinary resilience of Hashemite rule in Jordan and the country's relative stability. Mithqal al-Fayiz's life and work as a shaykh offer a notable individual story, as well as a unique window into the history, society, and politics of Jordan.

Leadership Is Language

Leadership Is Language
Author: L. David Marquet
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2020-02-04
ISBN 10: 0735217548
ISBN 13: 9780735217546
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leadership Is Language Book Review:

Wall Street Journal Bestseller From the acclaimed author of Turn the Ship Around!, former US Navy Captain David Marquet, comes a radical new playbook for empowering your team to make better decisions and take greater ownership. You might imagine that an effective leader is someone who makes quick, intelligent decisions, gives inspiring speeches, and issues clear orders to their team so they can execute a plan to achieve your organization's goals. Unfortunately, David Marquet argues, that's an outdated model of leadership that just doesn't work anymore. As a leader in today's networked, information-dense business climate, you don't have full visibility into your organization or the ground reality of your operating environment. In order to harness the eyes, ears, and minds of your people, you need to foster a climate of collaborative experimentation that encourages people to speak up when they notice problems and work together to identify and test solutions. Too many leaders fall in love with the sound of their own voice, and wind up dictating plans and digging in their heels when problems begin to emerge. Even when you want to be a more collaborative leader, you can undermine your own efforts by defaulting to command-and-control language we've inherited from the industrial era. It's time to ditch the industrial age playbook of leadership. In Leadership is Language, you'll learn how choosing your words can dramatically improve decision-making and execution on your team. Marquet outlines six plays for all leaders, anchored in how you use language: • Control the clock, don't obey the clock: Pre-plan decision points and give your people the tools they need to hit pause on a plan of action if they notice something wrong. • Collaborate, don't coerce: As the leader, you should be the last one to offer your opinion. Rather than locking your team into binary responses ("Is this a good plan?"), allow them to answer on a scale ("How confident are you about this plan?") • Commit, don't comply: Rather than expect your team to comply with specific directions, explain your overall goals, and get their commitment to achieving it one piece at a time. • Complete, not continue: If every day feels like a repetition of the last, you're doing something wrong. Articulate concrete plans with a start and end date to align your team. • Improve, don't prove: Ask your people to improve on plans and processes, rather than prove that they can meet fixed goals or deadlines. You'll face fewer cut corners and better long-term results. • Connect, don't conform: Flatten hierarchies in your organization and connect with your people to encourage them to contribute to decision-making. In his last book, Turn the Ship Around!, Marquet told the incredible story of abandoning command-and-control leadership on his submarine and empowering his crew to turn the worst performing submarine to the best performer in the fleet. Now, with Leadership is Language he gives businesspeople the tools they need to achieve such transformational leadership in their organizations.

Handling Difficult People

Handling Difficult People
Author: Jon P Bloch
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2013-03-18
ISBN 10: 1440563284
ISBN 13: 9781440563287
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handling Difficult People Book Review:

Practical advice for interacting with toxic personalities. At one point or another, you'll encounter someone who is inconsiderate, irate, or aggressive and you'll need to know how to effectively manage the situation. Handling Difficult People helps you deal with the toxic personalities in all areas of your life, including in the workplace, at home, and during everyday interactions. Inside, you'll find the strategies and tools you need to spot the ten most common personality types and information on why these people behave in such an irritating manner. This book also teaches you what you should do when you're confronted by a difficult person as well as how to avoid these types of people altogether. With the time-tested advice and techniques in Handling Difficult People, you'll confidently manage any toxic situation--and learn what you can do to help yourself.

Tribe of Hackers Security Leaders

Tribe of Hackers Security Leaders
Author: Marcus J. Carey,Jennifer Jin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-04-01
ISBN 10: 1119643767
ISBN 13: 9781119643760
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribe of Hackers Security Leaders Book Review:

Tribal Knowledge from the Best in Cybersecurity Leadership The Tribe of Hackers series continues, sharing what CISSPs, CISOs, and other security leaders need to know to build solid cybersecurity teams and keep organizations secure. Dozens of experts and influential security specialists reveal their best strategies for building, leading, and managing information security within organizations. Tribe of Hackers Security Leaders follows the same bestselling format as the original Tribe of Hackers, but with a detailed focus on how information security leaders impact organizational security. Information security is becoming more important and more valuable all the time. Security breaches can be costly, even shutting businessesand governments down, so security leadership is a high-stakes game. Leading teams of hackers is not always easy, but the future of your organization may depend on it. In this book, the world’s top security experts answer the questions that Chief Information Security Officers and other security leaders are asking, including: What’s the most important decision you’ve made or action you’ve taken to enable a business risk? How do you lead your team to execute and get results? Do you have a workforce philosophy or unique approach to talent acquisition? Have you created a cohesive strategy for your information security program or business unit? Anyone in or aspiring to an information security leadership role, whether at a team level or organization-wide, needs to read this book. Tribe of Hackers Security Leaders has the real-world advice and practical guidance you need to advance your cybersecurity leadership career.

Tribal Unity paperback

Tribal Unity  paperback
Author: Em Campbell-Pretty
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1365359603
ISBN 13: 9781365359606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Unity paperback Book Review:

Wisdom of the Tarot

Wisdom of the Tarot
Author: Elisabeth Haich
Publsiher: Aurora Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 1991-12-01
ISBN 10: 9780943358017
ISBN 13: 0943358019
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wisdom of the Tarot Book Review:

This book relates the path to higher consciousness through the colour, shape, and symbolic forms on the twenty-two Tarot cards. Detailed study and meditation of each card may release internally all that is involved with each level encountered on the journey towards the Light. These cards may be used in conjunction with the text or separately for meditation. When studied individually, a card can reveal the necessary steps that need to be taken to actualise one's potential. Tarot cards, or symbolic representations of the truth have always been used to help man relate not only with the mind, but internally, through the feelings invoked by the colours and forms. The nature of these cards is that they can produce a strong awakening of ones unconscious forces. They are like a spiritual mirror in which we can recognise and examine ourselves. We can then understand that the reasons for our fate lie within ourselves, and changes by the mere fact that we begin to react differently to everything that happens to us. These cards with the text are a valuable key to understand our present state, our past and in a deeper sense, how we create our future. Included in the book are 22 pages of five-colour tarot illustrations.

Dalit and Tribal Leadership in Panchayats

Dalit and Tribal Leadership in Panchayats
Author: Shyam Nandan Chaudhary
Publsiher: Concept Publishing Company
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9788180690709
ISBN 13: 8180690709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dalit and Tribal Leadership in Panchayats Book Review:

Addresses Issues Concerning Scheduled Tribe And Schuduled Caste. Traces The History Of Panchayati Raj In The Country And Analyses The Status Of Scheduled Tribe And Scheduled Caste Leadership In Panchayats In The Context Of 73Rd Constitutional Amendment. Socio-Economic Profile Of Dalit Leaders In Panchayats, Level Of Their Awareness, Their Achievements And Expectations. Has Five Chapters And Useful Bibliography.

A Tribal Order

A Tribal Order
Author: Shelagh Weir
Publsiher: University of Texas Press
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2009-08-17
ISBN 10: 9780292773974
ISBN 13: 0292773978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Tribal Order Book Review:

A Tribal Order describes the politico-legal system of Jabal Razih, a remote massif in northern Yemen inhabited by farmers and traders. Contrary to the popular image of Middle Eastern tribes as warlike, lawless, and invariably opposed to states, the tribes of Razih have stable structures of governance and elaborate laws and procedures for maintaining order and resolving conflicts with a minimum of physical violence. Razihi leaders also historically cooperated with states, provided the latter respected their customs, ideals, and interests. Weir considers this system in the context of the rugged environment and productive agricultural economy of Razih, and of centuries of continuous rule by Zaydi Muslim regimes and (latterly) the republican governments of Yemen. The book is based on Weir's extended anthropological fieldwork on Jabal Razih, and on her detailed study of hundreds of handwritten contracts and treaties among and between the tribes and rulers of Razih. These documents provide a fascinating insight into tribal politics and law, as well as state-tribe relations, from the early seventeenth to the late twentieth century. A Tribal Order is also enriched by case histories that vividly illuminate tribal practices. Overall, this unusually wide-ranging work provides an accessible account of a remarkable Arabian society through time.

She Sang Promise

She Sang Promise
Author: Jan Godown Annino
Publsiher: National Geographic Books
Total Pages: 33
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1426305931
ISBN 13: 9781426305931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

She Sang Promise Book Review:

Traces the life and achievements of one of modern America's first female elected tribal leaders, describing in lyrical text her half-Seminole heritage, her determination to acquire an education and her contributions as a community activist.

Intra tribal Leadership Disputes and Tribal Governance

Intra tribal Leadership Disputes and Tribal Governance
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Indian Affairs (1993- )
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015090379291
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intra tribal Leadership Disputes and Tribal Governance Book Review:

Tribal Church

Tribal Church
Author: Steve Stroope,Kurt Bruner
Publsiher: B&H Publishing Group
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2012-01-15
ISBN 10: 1433675919
ISBN 13: 9781433675911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tribal Church Book Review:

God’s biggest assignments have always been entrusted to those leading a small tribe. From the twelve families of Israel to early Christians who met in one another’s homes, great leaders begin by serving a core group of people who ripple outward for ever-extending social and spiritual impact. They go big by leading small. Today, leaders don’t fail because they lack vision. They fail because they neglect their tribe. It could be a father losing sight of his family, a lead pastor failing to leverage the strengths of his staff, or a small group coordinator ignoring a tiny but important process. Tribal Church helps pastors recognize the potential and power of various tribes within their congregations—one family, a network of small groups, maybe an entire age group—and then recalibrate ministry efforts to maximize the impact of each. Steve Stroope has spent three decades mastering the art of leading small in a church that has multiplied from dozens to over ten thousand. He explains why big impact does not come from any sort of mega-church ambition. It rather comes by attending to the little details and the smallest tribes. Endorsements: "Steve Stroope has done us a favor by collecting three decades of experience into one book. One glance at the manuscript and I thought of a dozen uses for it. First, it will strengthen my leadership skills. I can envision our leadership team reading it as a group. Seminaries should tap into its wisdom. Thank you, Steve, for living out an example of godly leadership." Max Lucado, pastor and best-selling author "Steve Stroope is one of the finest pastor-leaders of our generation. In his candid look at Lake Pointe Church's first 30 years, Steve shares helpful insight, wisdom, and practical experience that can help churches become more fruitful in fulfilling Christ's Great Commission. With a heart for local and global missions, Steve has modeled leadership methods that have been tested in the modern church world and can be great tools for equipping leaders in the days ahead." Bryant Wright, senior pastor, Johnson Ferry Baptist Church of Marietta, GA, and president of the Southern Baptist Convention "Steve Stroope is one of the most quietly influential voices in the growth and robustness of American Christianity. He is a collector of good ideas, what he calls 'little things,' the small but essential acts that cumulatively demonstrate the character of Christ in American church leadership. This book is by a leader I admire." Bob Buford, founder of Leadership Network and author of Halftime and Finishing Well "I've known Steve for 15 years and he's the real deal. His life and leadership inspires me and so does the tribe of Lake Pointe Church. The straightforward, practical wisdom in this book will recalibrate any leader and any church at any stage of the game." Bill Hybels, senior pastor, Willow Creek Community Church "Steve Stroope is more than knowledgeable about leadership and ministry. He is wise. He leads with strategic skill, discernment, and intuition. Every conversation with Steve has marked me and impacted my ministry; therefore, I am eager to read anything he writes." Eric Geiger, acting vice president, Church Resources Division, LifeWay Christian Resources "Steve Stroope is the wisest and most effective pastor I know! This book is a treasure chest of godly wisdom for church leaders. Steve gives us an inside look at the actual tools and methods he's used to lead Lake Pointe from a handful of people to a thriving and healthy multi-site church of thousands. Every pastor needs this book in their library." Nelson Searcy, lead pastor, The Journey Church

Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies
Author: William Golding
Publsiher: Faber & Faber
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-09-20
ISBN 10: 0571290582
ISBN 13: 9780571290581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lord of the Flies Book Review:

A plane crashes on a desert island and the only survivors, a group of schoolboys, assemble on the beach and wait to be rescued. By day they inhabit a land of bright fantastic birds and dark blue seas, but at night their dreams are haunted by the image of a terrifying beast. As the boys' delicate sense of order fades, so their childish dreams are transformed into something more primitive, and their behaviour starts to take on a murderous, savage significance. First published in 1954, Lord of the Flies is one of the most celebrated and widely read of modern classics. Now fully revised and updated, this educational edition includes chapter summaries, comprehension questions, discussion points, classroom activities, a biographical profile of Golding, historical context relevant to the novel and an essay on Lord of the Flies by William Golding entitled 'Fable'. Aimed at Key Stage 3 and 4 students, it also includes a section on literary theory for advanced or A-level students. The educational edition encourages original and independent thinking while guiding the student through the text - ideal for use in the classroom and at home.

The Leadership of Muhammad

The Leadership of Muhammad
Author: John Adair
Publsiher: Kogan Page Publishers
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2010-07-03
ISBN 10: 0749461160
ISBN 13: 9780749461164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Leadership of Muhammad Book Review:

The Leadership of Muhammad is a very personal study of the life-story and leadership skills of the Prophet. John Adair served with a Bedouin regiment in the Arab Legion and this story is full of fascinating detail of desert life and Bedouin beliefs. A business book that crosses boundaries it highlights the key leadership skills displayed by Muhammad and allows you to share in his wisdom. John Adair weaves the story of Muhammad's life together with aspects of Bedouin culture and ancient proverbs to provide key points for leaders and aspiring leaders. He discusses tribal leadership and essential attributes such as integrity, moral authority and humility. Learning and leadership go hand in hand. You are not born a leader, but you can become one and it is never too late to learn. John Adair's study or Muhammad and the tribal tradition of leadership is an essential addtion to the leadership debate.

Summary of Tribal Leadership by Dave Logan John King and Halee Fischer Wright

Summary of Tribal Leadership by Dave Logan  John King  and Halee Fischer Wright
Author: QuickRead,Lea Schullery
Publsiher: QuickRead.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of Tribal Leadership by Dave Logan John King and Halee Fischer Wright Book Review:

Notice: This is a Summary & Analysis of Tribal Leadership. THIS IS NOT THE ORIGINAL BOOK. Learn How to Leverage Natural Groups to Build a Thriving Organization Who is in your tribe? Your tribe is filled with people who you work and live closely with. These are the people you interact with regularly, perhaps you have their number in your phone and know their email by heart. A tribe within an organization is similar to a village within a nation, each has employees and citizens who play an integral role in the success of the company or town. But the performance of your tribe lies solely on one person: the tribal leader. Culture consultants David Logan, John King, and physician Halee Fischer-Wright aim to teach you how tribes and strong tribal leadership can help launch your organization to success and revitalize your career. Through extensive research and interviews from business leaders, the authors describe the five stages that tribes go through within an organization; the higher the stage, the more opportunity for success. Tribal Leadership will teach you how to identify each stage and how to and lead your tribe to victory. As you read, you’ll learn the power of groups of three, how to move your tribal members through each culture stage, and how focusing on the competition can be detrimental for collaboration and innovation. DISCLAIMER: This book summary is meant as a summary and an analysis and not a replacement for the original work. If you like this summary please consider purchasing the original book to get the full experience as the original author intended it to be. If you are the original author of any book published on QuickRead and want us to remove it, please contact us at [email protected]

Summary of Dave Logan John King Halee Fischer Wright s Tribal Leadership

Summary of Dave Logan  John King   Halee Fischer Wright s Tribal Leadership
Author: Everest Media,
Publsiher: Everest Media LLC
Total Pages: 23
Release: 2022-05-23T22:59:00Z
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9798822520530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of Dave Logan John King Halee Fischer Wright s Tribal Leadership Book Review:

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 Tribes are the basic building block of any large human effort, including earning a living. They influence more than teams, entire companies, and even superstar CEOs. They decide whether the new leader will flourish or get taken out. #2 The Tribal Leader is the person who upgrades the tribe, or the group of people, as the tribe embraces the leader. The leader and the tribe create each other. #3 The principles behind the stories in this book are based on research. Change the language in a tribe, and you have changed the tribe itself. For most people, language is something they just live with and don’t think about. #4 The five stages of Tribal Leadership are the early stages of your career when you don’t know people and it’s hard to get traction for your ideas. You’ll recognize some groups of people who have gotten stuck at this stage and built their own part of the tribe accordingly.

Co Active Leadership

Co Active Leadership
Author: Karen Kimsey-House,Henry Kimsey-House
Publsiher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2015-09-21
ISBN 10: 1626564582
ISBN 13: 9781626564589
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Co Active Leadership Book Review:

A Multidimensional Approach to Leadership Top-down, one-dimensional leadership models are hopelessly outmoded in today's rapidly changing world, and they waste the leadership ability that is present throughout an organization. In this visionary book, Karen and Henry Kimsey-House provide a model that harnesses the possibility of many rather than relying on the power of one. Their revolutionary five-dimensional approach recognizes that leadership has to be fluid and flexible and that the roles leaders and followers play must shift to suit the situation. Co-Active Leadership invites all of us to share our expertise and allows collaborative solutions to emerge that would never have been possible otherwise.