Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan

Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan
Author: John F. Shroder,Sher Jan Ahmadzai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-06-13
ISBN 10: 0128018615
ISBN 13: 9780128018613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan Book Review:

Transboundary Water from Afghanistan: Climate Change, and Land-Use Implications brings together diverse factual material on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources. It is the outgrowth of long-term deep knowledge and experience gained by the authors, as well as the material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies. Afghanistan and Pakistan have high altitude mountains providing vital water supplies that are highly contentious necessities much threatened by climate change, human land-use variation, and political manipulation, which can be managed in new ways that are in need of comprehensive discussions and negotiations between all the riparian nations of the Indus watershed (Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan). This book provides a description of the basic topographic configuration of the Kabul River tributary to the Indus river, together will all its tributaries that flow back and forth across the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the basic elements that are involved with the hydrological cycle and its derivatives in the high mountains of the Hindu Kush and Himalaya. Synthesizes information on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources Offers a basic topographic description of the Indus River watershed Provides local water management information not easily available for remote and contentious border areas Delivers access to the newest thinking from chief personnel on both sides of the contentious border Features material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies

Water Resource Management in Central Asia and Afghanistan

Water Resource Management in Central Asia and Afghanistan
Author: Zheenbek E. Kulenbekov,Baktyiar D. Asanov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2021-05-13
ISBN 10: 3030683370
ISBN 13: 9783030683375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Resource Management in Central Asia and Afghanistan Book Review:

The book provides a cross-sectoral, multi-scale assessment of development-directed investigations in the main rivers of wider Central Asia and Afghanistan. The book highlights the development of river systems, water reservoirs, ecosystems and risks as well as the impact of climate change on water resources in Central Asian countries and Afghanistan. It provides information on the genesis of river basins, physical and chemical properties of water in rivers, and the hydrological regimes of the rivers of Central Asia and Afghanistan. The book is useful for scientists and researchers whose work focuses on rivers and the use of water resources, irrigation, ecosystems, risks, water supply, climate change and remote sensing, as well as for students and planners, administrations and other stakeholders in the water sector.

Transboundary Water Resources in the Context of Developmental Goals and Climate Change the Case of the Kabul River Basin

Transboundary Water Resources in the Context of Developmental Goals and Climate Change  the Case of the Kabul River Basin
Author: Yar Mohammad Taraky
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1322838604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transboundary Water Resources in the Context of Developmental Goals and Climate Change the Case of the Kabul River Basin Book Review:

Transboundary water resources management in a basin with competing interests is a complex issue, often resulting in unilateral use and exploitation of this natural resource. Multiple factors contribute to water security crises such as rainfall variability, hydrologic extremes (floods, drought), urbanization, dam construction race, and Best Management Practices (BMP). A 'roadmap' of combined technical evidence and qualitative developmental arguments are developed to maximize the economic, social, and environmental benefits of the Kabul River Basin (KRB). This research quantified the particulars of flood risk management, drought prevention, dam planning and construction, and land-use change control while proposing an evidence-based qualitative approach to engage the relevant parties in the process. Major components include: (i) The intricacies of flood frequency analysis under different climate and reservoir scenarios are studied. The flood risk management mechanisms and reduction in flood inundation areas in urban parts of KRB are identified to propose a basin-specific water treaty. (ii) A study of the influence of headwater reservoirs is conducted that contemplates the climate change impacts and flood frequencies in the KRB and the intricacies of transboundary water cooperation under future climate change scenarios. The study calculated the annual glacier melt and predicted the glacier retreat over the three study periods. The study also identified the benefits and potential risks of the proposed dams for both countries. (iii) A standardized streamflow index and drought severity index in the Kabul River Basin (KRB) is used to demonstrate opportunities to manage the water resources and flow regimes in a transboundary, cooperative environment between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Several recommendations are made regarding effective drought management, agricultural land expansion control on both sides of the Durand Boundary Line (DBL), and establishing a joint drought commission. The research used several modeling tools such as the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), SWAT-CUP, Hydrologic Engineering Center - River Analysis Systems (HEC-RAS), ARC GIS, R-Studio, statistical analysis tools, AutoCAD and other mediums to obtain the quantitative results. The results were then analyzed using the existing developmental and policy literature to present a developmental road map and a KRB-specific agreement on equitable water resources management.

Inclusive Development and Multilevel Transboundary Water Governance The Kabul River

Inclusive Development and Multilevel Transboundary Water Governance   The Kabul River
Author: Shakeel Hayat
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2020-03-11
ISBN 10: 100007238X
ISBN 13: 9781000072389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inclusive Development and Multilevel Transboundary Water Governance The Kabul River Book Review:

The four decades long ideological-based insurgencies and conflict in the Kabul River Basin (KRB) have seriously hampered the relations and foreign policies of both Afghanistan and Pakistan. Consequently, it restricts them to solve various bilateral issues including transboundary waters. This lack of cooperation over shared water resources is one of the barriers to achieve inclusive and sustainable development. Additionally, it has contributed to the prevailing anarchic situation where each country does what it wants. The absence of a formal water-sharing mechanism coupled with poor water management practices within both the riparian counties are resulting various flow and administration-related challenges. Moreover, these challenges are further exacerbated by regional changes in social, political, environmental and economic systems. The scholarly literature suggests that an analytical transboundary water governance framework is essential to address the challenges of water politicisation and securitisation, quality degradation and quantity reduction. Additionally, the literature rarely integrates (a) a multi-level approach, (b) an institutional approach (c) an inclusive development approach, or (d) accounts for the uses of different types of water and their varied ecosystem services for improved transboundary water governance. To enhance human wellbeing and achieve inclusive and sustainable development in the KRB this research indicates that it is essential to: (1) defrost frozen collaboration; (2) bypass border dispute; (3) use biodiversity and ecosystem services approach; (4) address existing and potential natural and anthropogenic challenges; (5) remove contradictions in the policy environment; (6) combat resource limits and dependence by promoting collaboration on long-term cost effective solutions; and (7) enhance knowledge and dialogue on inclusive development.

Developing Transboundary Water Resources

Developing Transboundary Water Resources
Author: Vincent Thomas
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 99
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 9789936628076
ISBN 13: 9936628071
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developing Transboundary Water Resources Book Review:

Since the fall of the Taliban, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) has been actively trying to resume its hydraulic mission that was put on hold in the late 1970s. Improving water control through the construction of dams has been described by the GIRoA as a silver bullet for Afghanistan's development, including food security, hydropower production and mitigating the impacts of droughts and floods. In a country where 90 percent of the surface water resources are shared with downstream neighbouring countries, this long-term and ongoing process of transboundary water resources development raises the question of the nature of interactions between Afghanistan and its riparian neighbours. Of particular importance is whether interactions are likely to evolve toward more conflict or more cooperation.

Natural Resources in Afghanistan

Natural Resources in Afghanistan
Author: John F. Shroder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2014-06-04
ISBN 10: 0128005459
ISBN 13: 9780128005453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Resources in Afghanistan Book Review:

Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. The book couples these details with the challenges of environmental degradation and new environmental management and protection, all of which are considered finally in both pessimistic and optimistic modes. The reader comes away with a nuanced understanding of the issues that are likely to have great affect for this pivotal region of the world for decades to come. With an estimated $1-3 trillion dollars of ore in the ground, and multiple cross-reinforcing cancellations of big Asian power machinations (China, India, Iran, Pakistan), Afghanistan has an opportunity to gain more economic independence. At the same time, however, historic forces of negativity also pull it back toward the chaos and uncertainty that has defined the country and constrained its economic progress for decades. Authored by the world’s foremost expert on the geology and geomorphology of Afghanistan and its lucrative natural resources Aids in the understanding of the physical environment, natural hazards, climate-change situations, and natural resources in one of the most geographically diverse and dangerous terrains in the world Provides new concepts of resource-corridor development in a country with no indigenous expertise of its resources

Water Resources of Pakistan

Water Resources of Pakistan
Author: Muhammad Arif Watto,Michael Mitchell,Safdar Bashir
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2021-03-25
ISBN 10: 3030656799
ISBN 13: 9783030656799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Resources of Pakistan Book Review:

This book presents the first comprehensive assessment of water resources in Pakistan including surface water resources and groundwater resources. It gives a detailed overview of issues and challenges related to water which have not been adequately addressed e.g. water resource vulnerability to climate change, groundwater depletion and contamination, and water governance etc. It includes a collection and compilation of unpublished and scattered data from the archives and repositories of various national institutions and organization. Given the literature dearth, this book will not only be a comprehensive assessment of water resources in Pakistan but can also can as outstanding textbook on water resource management in Pakistan. It will attract a great range of readership including water specialists, researchers, undergraduate and post graduate students and policy makers from Pakistan as well as from overseas.

Water Resources in Central Asia International Context

Water Resources in Central Asia  International Context
Author: Sergey S. Zhiltsov,Igor S. Zonn,Andrey G. Kostianoy,Aleksandr V. Semenov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2019-01-24
ISBN 10: 3030112055
ISBN 13: 9783030112059
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Resources in Central Asia International Context Book Review:

This book outlines the current status of water resources management in Central Asia countries, and provides a review of the history, policies and transboundary cooperation regarding water resources in the region. Particular attention is given to the water-energy-food-environmental nexus, and to the application of the UNECE Environmental Conventions in Central Asia. Readers will also learn about the US and German environmental policies applied in Central Asia, and will discover specific case studies on water resources policies in Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan. Together with the companion volumes on Water Bodies and Climate Change in Central Asia and Water Resources Management in Central Asia, it offers a valuable source of information for a broad readership, from students and scientists interested in the environmental sciences, to policymakers and practitioners working in the fields of water resources policy and management, international relations, and environmental issues.

Water Issues in Himalayan South Asia

Water Issues in Himalayan South Asia
Author: Amit Ranjan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2019-12-14
ISBN 10: 9813296143
ISBN 13: 9789813296145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Issues in Himalayan South Asia Book Review:

The book looks into the domestic water issues and disputes in the Himalayan South Asian countries, and based on it analyzes trans-boundary water disputes. Himalayan South Asia comprises India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan. All except Afghanistan share river waters with India. Home to some of the major river basins of the world, a part of this region falls into water scarce zone, and according to the United Nations Water Report of 2018 some of them will experience severe water scarcity by 2050. The book also studies water issues in China. Though the country is not a part of the Himalayan South Asia, most of the major rivers of this region originate in China. Over the years, China has been alleged by countries like India for diverting, choking or using the trans-boundary river waters for its purpose. Understanding water competition and issues in China will help one to understand its transboundary water behavior.

Water Security and U S Foreign Policy

Water  Security and U S  Foreign Policy
Author: David Reed
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-06-26
ISBN 10: 1351685473
ISBN 13: 9781351685474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Security and U S Foreign Policy Book Review:

The prosperity and national security of the United States depend directly on the prosperity and stability of both partner and competing countries around the world. Today, U.S. interests are under rising pressure from water scarcity, extreme weather events and water-driven ecological change in key geographies of strategic interest to the U.S. Those water-driven stresses are undermining economic productivity, weakening governance systems and fraying social cohesion in scores of countries and, in the process, undermining the vitality of rural livelihoods, fostering local and ethnic conflicts, driving broad migratory movements and contributing to the growth of insurgencies and terrorist networks. While the U.S. intelligence community has steadily expanded natural resource concerns in their global threat analyses, our overseas development assistance remains locked into provision of water and hygienic services rather than responding to the full sweep of global water challenges including governance and policy failures, growing conflicts over water and the need for promoting sustainable transboundary water arrangements in partner countries. A fundamental departure from the past is urgently needed. Based on 18 case studies, Water, Security and U.S. Foreign Policy provides an analytical framework to help policy makers, scholars and researchers studying the intersection of U.S. foreign policy with the environment and sustainability issues, interpret the impacts of water-driven social disruptions on the stability of partner governments and U.S. interests abroad. The book also delivers specific recommendations to reorient U.S. development and diplomatic engagements that can forestall and prevent social disruptions and ensuing threats to U.S. prosperity and national security.

Water Resource Development in Northern Afghanistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin

Water Resource Development in Northern Afghanistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin
Author: Masood Ahmad,Mahwash Wasiq,World Bank
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105113975507
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Resource Development in Northern Afghanistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin Book Review:

This publication examines increased water use by Afghanistan and its implications for other water users in the basin, including the Aral Sea, both in the short and long term. Topics discussed include: the amount of Amu Darya flows generated in northern Afghanistan; the amount of water presently used in northern Afghanistan, prospective use in the near future, and possible impact of the increased use on the riparian states and the Aral Sea; existing agreements between Afghanistan and the neighbouring Central Asian states on the use of waters in the Amu Darya Basin, their relevance and applicability in the present and in the future; and future directions for water resources development and improved water management in the basin.

River Basin Organizations in Water Diplomacy

River Basin Organizations in Water Diplomacy
Author: Anoulak Kittikhoun,Susanne Schmeier
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-11-19
ISBN 10: 0429556772
ISBN 13: 9780429556777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

River Basin Organizations in Water Diplomacy Book Review:

Will tensions and disputes among states sharing international water courses and lakes turn into active conflicts? Addressing this question, the book shows that these concerns are more prominent due to the locations and underlying political dynamics of some of these large rivers and the strategic interests of major powers. Written by a combination of leading practitioners and academics, this book shows that states are more prone to cooperate and manage their transboundary issues over the use of their common water resources through peaceful means, and the key institutions they employ are international river basin organizations (RBOs). Far from being mere technical institutions, RBOs are key mechanisms of water diplomacy with capacity and effectiveness varying on four key interrelated factors: their legal and institutional development, and the influence of their technical and strategic resources. The basins analyzed span all continents, from both developed and developing basins, including the Columbia, Great Lakes, Colorado, Senegal, Niger, Nile, Congo, Jordan, Helmand, Aral Sea, Mekong, Danube and Rhine. Contributing to the academic discourse on transboundary water management and water conflict and cooperation, the book provides insights to policy-makers on which water diplomacy engagements can be successful, the strengths to build on and the pitfalls to avoid so that shared water resources are managed in a cooperative, sustainable and stable way.

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan
Author: Thomas H. Johnson,Ludwig W. Adamec
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2021-05-15
ISBN 10: 153814929X
ISBN 13: 9781538149294
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan Book Review:

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan, Fifth Edition contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has more than 1,000 cross-referenced entries on important personalities as well as aspects of the country’s politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

The Aral Sea Basin

The Aral Sea Basin
Author: Stefanos Xenarios,Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt,Manzoor Qadir,Barbara Janusz-Pawletta,Iskandar Abdullaev
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2019-09-17
ISBN 10: 0429791070
ISBN 13: 9780429791079
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aral Sea Basin Book Review:

This book offers the first multidisciplinary overview of water resources issues and management in the Aral Sea Basin, covering both the Amu Darya and Syr Darya River Basins. The two main rivers of Amu Darya and Syr Darya and their tributaries comprise the Aral Sea Basin area and are the lifeline for about 70 million inhabitants in Central Asia. Written by regional and international experts, this book critically examines the current state, trends and future of water resources management and development in this major part of the Central Asia region. It brings together insights on the history of water management in the region, surface and groundwater assessment, issues of transboundary water management and environmental degradation and restoration, and an overview of the importance of water for the key economic sectors and overall socio-economic development of Central Asian countries, as well as of hydro politics in the region. The book also focusses on the future of water sector development in the Basin, including a review of local and international actors, as well as an analysis of the current status and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals by Basin countries. The book will be essential reading for those interested in sea basin management, environmental policy in Central Asia and water resource management more widely. It will also act as a reference source for decision-makers in state agencies, as well as a background source of information for NGOs.

Transboundary Water Resources A Foundation for Regional Stability in Central Asia

Transboundary Water Resources  A Foundation for Regional Stability in Central Asia
Author: John E. Moerlins,Mikhail K. Khankhasayev,Steven F. Leitman,Ernazar J. Makhmudov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2007-11-21
ISBN 10: 1402067348
ISBN 13: 9781402067341
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transboundary Water Resources A Foundation for Regional Stability in Central Asia Book Review:

The Central Asian republics and neighboring countries are currently experiencing problems related to the availability and efficient/equitable distribution of freshwater. This book contains papers from a NATO-sponsored Advanced Research Workshop that was organized to address these concerns. It addresses the myriad of issues involving shared freshwater among the countries in this region, discussing ecology, law, economics, politics, water policy and integrated water management.

Promoting Transboundary Water Security in the Aral Sea Basin through International Law

Promoting Transboundary Water Security in the Aral Sea Basin through International Law
Author: Dinara Ziganshina
Publsiher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2014-10-13
ISBN 10: 900427426X
ISBN 13: 9789004274266
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Promoting Transboundary Water Security in the Aral Sea Basin through International Law Book Review:

Promoting Transboundary Water Security in the Aral Sea Basin through International Law addresses the current gap in the literature by moving beyond the static identification of treaties and norms to examine how these treaties and norms can work for water security in practice.

Transboundary Water Management

Transboundary Water Management
Author: Anton Earle,Anders Ja ̈gerskog,Joakim O ̈jendal
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 184977658X
ISBN 13: 9781849776585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transboundary Water Management Book Review:

The management of water resources across boundaries, whether sub-national or international, is one of the most difficult challenges facing water managers today. The upstream exploitation or diversion of groundwater or rivers can have devastating consequences for those living downstream, and transboundary rivers can provide a source of conflict between nations or states, particularly where water resources are scarce. Similarly, water based-pollution can spread across borders and create disputes and a need for sound governance.This book is the first to bring together in a concise and accessible way all of the main topics to be considered when managing transboundary waters. It will raise the awareness of practitioners of the various issues needed to be taken into account when making water management decisions and provide a practically-based overview for advanced students. The authors show clearly how vital it is to cooperate effectively over the management of shared waters to unlock their contribution to regional sustainable development. The book is largely based on a long-running and tested international training programme, run by the Stockholm International Water Institute and Ramboll Natura, and supported by the Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (Sida), where the respective authors have presented modules on the programmes. It addresses issues not only of conflict, but also of managing power asymmetries, benefit-sharing, stakeholder participation, international water law, environmental water requirements and regional development. It will be particularly useful for those with a background in hydrology or engineering who wish to broaden their management skills.

Afghanistan Development

Afghanistan Development
Author: Charles Michael Johnson
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 75
Release: 2011-04
ISBN 10: 1437942903
ISBN 13: 9781437942903
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Afghanistan Development Book Review:

Water is critical to the stability of Afghanistan and is an essential part of U.S. efforts in Afghanistan. Since 2002, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Department of Defense have awarded $250 million for water projects. This report examines: (1) the alignment of U.S. water goals and projects with Afghan water-sector development goals; (2) U.S. agencies' coordination of water-sector efforts among themselves, with the Afghan government and the donor community; (3) U.S. efforts to manage and monitor these water projects; and (4) U.S. efforts to build sustainability into water-sector projects. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Water Resource Development in Northern Afganistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin

Water Resource Development in Northern Afganistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin
Author: Masood Ahmad,Mahwash Wasiq
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780821358900
ISBN 13: 0821358901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Resource Development in Northern Afganistan and Its Implications for Amu Darya Basin Book Review:

This publication examines increased water use by Afghanistan and its implications for other water users in the basin, including the Aral Sea, both in the short and long term. Topics discussed include: the amount of Amu Darya flows generated in northern Afghanistan; the amount of water presently used in northern Afghanistan, prospective use in the near future, and possible impact of the increased use on the riparian states and the Aral Sea; existing agreements between Afghanistan and the neighbouring Central Asian states on the use of waters in the Amu Darya Basin, their relevance and applicability in the present and in the future; and future directions for water resources development and improved water management in the basin.

Transboundary Water Institutions in Developing Countries

Transboundary Water Institutions in Developing Countries
Author: Idrees Malyar
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:953417009
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transboundary Water Institutions in Developing Countries Book Review:

This study addresses the questions: 1) What kind of transboundary water management institution is needed for Afghanistan; and 2) what expertise is required for the institution and which stakeholders should be involved? The establishment of a transboundary water resources management institution/unit is an essential step for Afghanistan in order to tackle the transboundary waters issue with its co-riparian states. The research also indicated the primary challenges and obstacles (ranging from political matters to technical issues) that a developing country like Afghanistan should anticipate while creating a transboundary waters institution. This study also focused on the perceived risks of cooperation over transboundary water resources from the Afghan standpoint. Furthermore, it reviewed the experience of cooperation between Afghanistan and Iran over the Helmand waters negotiation in 1973. To address the aforementioned questions, I Interviewed transboundary water experts of Afghanistan, applied the risk and opportunities to cooperation framework, used the available literature and secondary data on the topic, and used the situation mapping tool for the Helmand Basin case. At present, lack of technical knowledge, data gaps, weak bargaining and negotiation skills relative to co-riparian states, lack of public support to transboundary waters negotiations – due to lack of awareness of the topic - doubts on faithfulness of co-riparian states on delivering benefits, and the existence of various stakeholders of transboundary waters in the Afghan government are the main concerns. On whether Afghanistan should cooperate or not, the study found that none of the interviewees opposed transboundary water negotiations. However, there were two camps regarding the timing of dialogues with co-riparians. The first group of participants was in favor of dialogue initiation with co-riparian states for now, and the eventual negotiation of water treaties or agreements in the future. The second group opposes current negotiations - this camp wants Afghanistan’s government to start preparing and enhancing its technical knowledge and capacity, bargaining skills, and institutional arrangements for future negotiations. Study results showed existing political will toward transboundary water cooperation and the availability of abundant funding from the donor agencies, as well as from the government of Afghanistan to transboundary waters. Recommendations were made for the design and structure of a transboundary water resources management unit, believed to be the first of its kind in the world. In addition, this study identified the perceived risks to cooperation, and, based on those identified risks, offered risk reduction strategies as well.