Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution
Author: Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Joe Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2020-08-20
ISBN 10: 0128181230
ISBN 13: 9780128181232
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book Review:

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution
Author: Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2020-09-02
ISBN 10: 0128181222
ISBN 13: 9780128181225
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book Review:

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP's public health impacts Examines TRAP's health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas
Author: Bernard Połednik,Sławomira Dumała,Łukasz Guz,Adam Piotrowicz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2021-11-26
ISBN 10: 1000482421
ISBN 13: 9781000482423
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Book Review:

Traffic-related pollutions, apart from the emissions from other anthropogenic sources, significantly decrease the air quality in cities. This is especially true in the case of the areas located in the vicinity of communication routes with high traffic intensity. In accordance with the epidemiological studies, the transport emissions affecting road users, both drivers and pedestrians, have a detrimental effect on health and may contribute to numerous serious illnesses. This work presents the characteristics of traffic-related pollution and the factors affecting its concentration in the air. The effects of exposure to traffic-related pollution on health are described as well. The transport emissions in Lublin, Poland, are discussed in detail. The results of previous studies on traffic-related environmental pollution are presented, including pollutant concentrations as well as exposures of drivers and pedestrians along one of the busiest roads. The studies account for different seasons and weather conditions. The methods of reducing traffic-related pollution and prospects for improving the urban air quality are described as well. This book is intended for academics, researchers, engineers and professionals involved in studies and assessment of the road transport impact on the environment.

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9289013737
ISBN 13: 9789289013734
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Effects of Transport related Air Pollution Book Review:

Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

Urban Traffic Pollution

Urban Traffic Pollution
Author: Dietrich Schwela,Olivier Zali
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 1998-11-12
ISBN 10: 0419237208
ISBN 13: 9780419237204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Traffic Pollution Book Review:

Noise and air pollution from motor vehicles have a major impact on the physical and mental well-being of urban residents worldwide. Although control measures have already been implemented in most developed countries, noise and air pollution have only recently become major problems in many developing countries, as rapid industrial growth, population increase and improved living standards have led to an increase in car ownership. If control measures are not implemented swiftly in developing countries, the effects on public health will be extremely serious. This book, which has been prepared by WHO in collaboration with the Ecotoxicology Service of the Department of Public Health in Geneva, discusses global trends in noise and air pollution from motor vehicles, their effects on public health, and the control measures available. This book discusses: * global trends of motor vehicle air pollution * its effects on public health * the various control measures available

Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 9780660349459
ISBN 13: 0660349450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic related Air Pollution Book Review:

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas
Author: Bernard Połednik,Sławomira Dumała,Łukasz Guz,Adam Piotrowicz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2021-11-26
ISBN 10: 1000482456
ISBN 13: 9781000482454
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Book Review:

Traffic-related pollutions, apart from the emissions from other anthropogenic sources, significantly decrease the air quality in cities. This is especially true in the case of the areas located in the vicinity of communication routes with high traffic intensity. In accordance with the epidemiological studies, the transport emissions affecting road users, both drivers and pedestrians, have a detrimental effect on health and may contribute to numerous serious illnesses. This work presents the characteristics of traffic-related pollution and the factors affecting its concentration in the air. The effects of exposure to traffic-related pollution on health are described as well. The transport emissions in Lublin, Poland, are discussed in detail. The results of previous studies on traffic-related environmental pollution are presented, including pollutant concentrations as well as exposures of drivers and pedestrians along one of the busiest roads. The studies account for different seasons and weather conditions. The methods of reducing traffic-related pollution and prospects for improving the urban air quality are described as well. This book is intended for academics, researchers, engineers and professionals involved in studies and assessment of the road transport impact on the environment.

Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution
Author: Health Effects Institute. Panel on the Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCLA:L0102887775
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic related Air Pollution Book Review:

Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:554912299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traffic related Air Pollution Book Review:

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health
Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2020-04-08
ISBN 10: 0128191376
ISBN 13: 9780128191378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Transportation and Health Book Review:

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults
Author: Philip Witorsch,Samuel V. Spagnolo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 1994-09-13
ISBN 10: 9780849301810
ISBN 13: 0849301815
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults Book Review:

Air Pollution and Lung Disease in Adults provides a general approach to problems involving air pollutants and respiratory disorders in adults. The diversity among the authors, whose areas of expertise and interest include pulmonary medicine, toxicology, allergy immunology, pathology, environmental engineering, and industrial hygiene, parallels the diversity of the readers. Although selected chapters address specific conditions, the overall general approach creates a wide context in which to assess and explore several areas of interest. The book begins with a chapter on exposure and environmental characterization, followed by discussions on direct and indirect injury to the respiratory tract, carcinogenesis, and lung cancer. The book then covers the pathology of environmental lung disease, causality assessment, and causal inference and toxicology. Clinical evaluation of the individual patient, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, as well as spirometry and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in impairment evaluation follow. The three chapters addressing the more particular entities of immunologic mechanisms include pneumoconioses, chronic and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and bronchiolitis, sick building syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Vehicular Air Pollution

Vehicular Air Pollution
Author: Bekir Onursal,Surhid Gautam
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 282
Release: 1997-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780821340165
ISBN 13: 0821340166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vehicular Air Pollution Book Review:

Much is expected of private financing to help meet the infrastructure requirements of the rapidly growing East Asian economies. Although private financing grew briskly during the 1990s, it represents only a small share of all infrastructure investment in the region (between 12 and 18 percent). This monograph draws on experience in a number of countries in East Asia, as well as Australia, Chile, and India, to analyze the impediments to and prospects for private financing of infrastructure. The chapters discuss the choices available to policymakers and the strategies that governments have followed. An overview chapter describes recent trends in international financing of infrastructure projects in the region, discusses the key policy and institutional impediments to greater private participation, and assesses the role of domestic capital markets and finance. It also outlines a national and regional strategy for stimulating private investment in infrastructure. The case studies from countries outside East Asia illustrate the payoffs of increased integration and concerted moves toward private provision of infrastructure.

WHO global air quality guidelines

WHO global air quality guidelines
Author: Weltgesundheitsorganisation,World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2021-09-07
ISBN 10: 9240034226
ISBN 13: 9789240034228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO global air quality guidelines Book Review:

The main objective of these updated global guidelines is to offer health-based air quality guideline levels, expressed as long-term or short-term concentrations for six key air pollutants: PM2.5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. In addition, the guidelines provide interim targets to guide reduction efforts of these pollutants, as well as good practice statements for the management of certain types of PM (i.e., black carbon/elemental carbon, ultrafine particles, particles originating from sand and duststorms). These guidelines are not legally binding standards; however, they provide WHO Member States with an evidence-informed tool, which they can use to inform legislation and policy. Ultimately, the goal of these guidelines is to help reduce levels of air pollutants in order to decrease the enormous health burden resulting from the exposure to air pollution worldwide.

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Occupational Outlook Handbook
Author: United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 781
Release: 1976
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:319510028165522
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Occupational Outlook Handbook Book Review:

Transport Environment and Health

Transport  Environment and Health
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 81
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9289013567
ISBN 13: 9789289013567
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transport Environment and Health Book Review:

This book brings together the scientific evidence on the main effects of transport on human health and the environment. It sets the conceptual framework for future analyses of the health burden and health gains from transport policies. It outlines how these health concerns have been reflected in policy tools such as impact assessment, regulation and economic analysis, and identifies the areas where action is most needed. Discussions of the environment and health effects of transport need to be communicated in a way that is relevant for policy-makers and easily understood by nonscientists. That is the aim of this book, which summarizes the results of extensive reviews of the issues prepared by groups of prominent international experts. It is also planned to release the reviews themselves, to give a more detailed account of the scientific evidence. [Foreword]

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9289021926
ISBN 13: 9789289021920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Guidelines Book Review:

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Air Pollution XXIII

Air Pollution XXIII
Author: J. Barnes
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN 10: 1845649648
ISBN 13: 9781845649647
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution XXIII Book Review:

Containing the proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, this book is the latest in a well established series. It addresses various aspects of a topic that is of considerable worldwide concern due to its known impact on health and the environment. The need to balance concern for the environment with the demand for generating economic growth makes air pollution a particularly challenging problem. Further complicating the picture, the widespread nature and effects of air pollution make it an issue that requires not just local but global attention and cooperation. Science can help us identify the nature and scale of air pollution impacts. It is therefore essential in guiding government decisions regarding the most appropriate and effective regulations. As we learn ever more about the basic science of air pollution, and its application, we are better able to predict, assess, and mitigate its effects, locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally. This book presents advances in our knowledge of the science of air pollution. Topics covered include Air Pollution Modelling; Air Pollution Mitigation; Air Pollution Management; Aerosols and Particles; Emission Studies; Exposure and Health Effects; Indoor Air Pollution; Monitoring and Measuring; Case Studies; Emerging Technologies; Power Generation and Air Pollution; Incineration Plant Studies; Air Pollution Chemistry; Global and Regional Studies; Policy and Legislation.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution in Canada

Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution in Canada
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9780660417004
ISBN 13: 0660417006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution in Canada Book Review:

"This report updates previous estimates of population proximity to high-traffic roadways (HTRs) as a surrogate for exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in Canada. Traffic conditions on HTRs are expected to influence nearby ambient air pollutant concentrations and include expressways, highways, arterial roads, and major roads. The report objectives are to: estimate the size of populations residing near HTRs at various geographic levels; determine if specific population age groups are more likely to live near HTRs; determine if specific socioeconomic status (SES) groups are more likely to live near HTRs; estimate the proportion of educational facilities and long-term care facilities located near HTRs; and inform how proximity approaches can be considered for policy development to reduce exposure to TRAP and the associated health burden"--Executive summary, page 1.