The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author: Iain D. Stewart,Gerald Mills
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2021-05-25
ISBN 10: 0128156902
ISBN 13: 9780128156902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Heat Island Book Review:

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN 10: 331910425X
ISBN 13: 9783319104256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Review:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN 10: 0128176253
ISBN 13: 9780128176252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation

Urban Heat Island  UHI  Mitigation
Author: Napoleon Enteria,Matteos Santamouris,Ursula Eicker
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN 10: 9813340509
ISBN 13: 9789813340503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation Book Review:

This book discusses the concepts and technologies associated with the mitigation of urban heat islands (UHIs) that are applicable in hot and humid regions. It presents several city case studies on how UHIs can be reduced in various areas to provide readers, researchers, and policymakers with insights into the concepts and technologies that should be considered when planning and constructing urban centres and buildings. The rapid development of urban areas in hot and humid regions has led to an increase in urban temperatures, a decrease in ventilation in buildings, and a transformation of the once green outdoor environment into areas full of solar-energy-absorbing concrete and asphalt. This situation has increased the discomfort of people living in these areas regardless of whether they occupy concrete structures. This is because indoor and outdoor air quality have both suffered from urbanisation. The development of urban areas has also increased energy consumption so that the occupants of buildings can enjoy indoor thermal comfort and air quality that they need via air conditioning systems. This book offers solutions to the recent increase in the number of heat islands in hot and humid regions.​

Heat Islands

Heat Islands
Author: Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2012-05-16
ISBN 10: 1136564209
ISBN 13: 9781136564208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heat Islands Book Review:

Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author: Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-08-29
ISBN 10: 1134221096
ISBN 13: 9781134221097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author: Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-12-07
ISBN 10: 0128196696
ISBN 13: 9780128196694
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book Review:

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

The Urban Fix

The Urban Fix
Author: Douglas Kelbaugh
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2019-04-01
ISBN 10: 0429614454
ISBN 13: 9780429614453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Fix Book Review:

Cities are one of the most significant contributors to global climate change. The rapid speed at which urban centers use large amounts of resources adds to the global crisis and can lead to extreme local heat. The Urban Fix addresses how urban design, planning and policies can counter the threats of climate change, urban heat islands and overpopulation, helping cities take full advantage of their inherent advantages and new technologies to catalyze social, cultural and physical solutions to combat the epic, unprecedented challenges humanity faces. The book fills a conspicuous void in the international dialogue on climate change and heat islands by examining both the environmental benefits in developed countries and the population benefit in developing countries. Urban heat islands can be addressed in incremental, manageable steps, such as planting trees and painting roofs white, which provide a more concrete and proactive sense of progress for policymakers and practitioners. This book is invaluable to anyone searching for a better understanding of the impact of resilient cities in the monumental and urgent fight against climate change, and provides the tools to do so.

Urban Climate Change and Heat Islands

Urban Climate Change and Heat Islands
Author: Riccardo Paolini,Matthaios Santamouris
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2022-09-01
ISBN 10: 0128190728
ISBN 13: 9780128190722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climate Change and Heat Islands Book Review:

Urban Climate Change and Heat Islands: Characterization, Impacts, and Mitigation serves as a go to reference for a foundational understanding of urban-climate drivers and impacts. Through the book's comprehensive chapters, the authors help readers identify problems associated with urban climate change, along with potential solutions. Global case studies are included and presented in a way in which they become globally relevant to any urban or intra-urban environment. The authors call on their extensive experience to present and explore methodologies and approaches to quantifying urban-heat mitigation measures in a clear manner, focusing on heat islands, urban overheating and effects on air quality. Includes global case studies that demonstrate how to design and implement urban-heat mitigation measures that are area-specific and effective, under both current climate and future conditions Provides an overview of urban parameterizations in models leading to an improved understating of intra-urban climate variability drivers Assesses potential heat and air-quality health impacts of excessive heat events and changes in local urban climates

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation
Author: Ansar Khan,Hashem Akbari,Francesco Fiorito,Sk Mithun,Dev Niyogi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN 10: 0323897940
ISBN 13: 9780323897945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation Book Review:

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation provides a comprehensive picture of global UHI micro-thermal interaction in different built environments. The book explains physical principles and how to moderate undesirable consequences of swift and haphazard urban development to create more sustainable and resilient cities. Sections provide extensive discussion on numerous UHI mitigation technologies and their effectiveness in cities around the globe. In addition, the book proposes novel UHI mitigation technologies and strategies while also assessing the effectiveness and suitability of UHI mitigation interventions in various climates and urban forms. Adopts a multidisciplinary approach, bridging theoretical and applied urban climatology with urban heat mitigation Compiles disparate urban climate research concepts and technologies into a coherent framework Includes contributions from leaders in fields from around the globe

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments
Author: Tristan Kershaw
Publsiher: Myprint
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2017-12-14
ISBN 10: 9780750317818
ISBN 13: 0750317817
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments Book Review:

Between 1930 and 2030, the world's population will have flipped from 70% rural to 70% urban. While much has been written about the impacts of climate change and mitigation of its effects on individual buildings or infrastructure, this book is one of the first to focus on the resilience of whole cities. It covers a broad range of area-wide disaster-level impacts, including drought, heatwaves, flooding, storms and air quality, which many of our cities are ill-adapted to cope with, and unless we can increase the resilience of our urban areas then much of our current building stock may become uninhabitable.

Remapping Urban Heat Islands Atlases in Regenerative Cities

Remapping Urban Heat Islands Atlases in Regenerative Cities
Author: Hisham Abusaada,Abeer Elshater,Marwa Khalifa
Publsiher: Engineering Science Reference
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9781668424629
ISBN 13: 1668424622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remapping Urban Heat Islands Atlases in Regenerative Cities Book Review:

"This book focuses on five SDGs: poverty (Goal 1), public health and well-being (Goal 3), decent work and economic growth (Goal 8), sustainable cities and societies (Goal 11), and climate action (Goal 13)that are associated with the increasing Urban Heat Island phenomenon that accompanies rapid urbanization, which has changed the way of life of many countries worldwide"--

Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions

Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions
Author: Vincenzo Costanzo,Gianpiero Evola,Luigi Marletta
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2021-09-09
ISBN 10: 1000431525
ISBN 13: 9781000431520
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions Book Review:

This book provides the reader with an understanding of the impact that different morphologies, construction materials and green coverage solutions have on the urban microclimate, thus affecting the comfort conditions of urban inhabitants and the energy needs of buildings in urban areas. The book covers the latest approaches to energy and outdoor comfort measurement and modelling on an urban scale, and describes possible measures and strategies to mitigate the effects of the mutual interaction between urban settlements and local microclimate. Despite its relevance, only limited literature is currently devoted to appraising—from an engineering perspective—the intertwining relationships between urban geometry and fabrics, energy fluxes between buildings and their surroundings, outdoor microclimate conditions and building energy demands in urban areas. This book fills this gap by first discussing the physical processes that govern heat and mass transfer at an urban scale, while emphasizing the role played by different spatial arrangements, manmade materials and green infrastructures on the outdoor microclimate. The first chapters also address the implications of these factors on the outdoor comfort conditions experienced by pedestrians, and on the buildings’ energy demand for space heating and cooling. Then, based upon cutting-edge experimental activities and simulation work, this book demonstrates current and forthcoming adaptation and mitigation strategies to improve the urban microclimate and its impact on the built environment, such as cool materials, thermochromic and retroreflective finishing materials, and green infrastructures applied either at a building scale or at the urban scale. The effect of these solutions is demonstrated for different cities worldwide under a range of climate conditions. Finally, the book opens a wider perspective by introducing the basic elements that allow fuel poverty, raw materials consumption, and the principles of circular economy in the definition of a resilient urban settlement.

Wind Climate in Cities

Wind Climate in Cities
Author: Jack E. Cermak,Alan G. Davenport,Erich J. Plate,Domingos X. Viegas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401736863
ISBN 13: 9789401736862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wind Climate in Cities Book Review:

If one surveys the development of wind engineering, one comes to the conclusion that the challenge of urban climatology is one of the most important remaining tasks for the wind engineers. But what distinguishes wind engineering in urban areas from conventional wind engineering? Principally, the fact that the effects studied are usually unique to a particular situation, requiring consideration of the surroundings of the buildings. In the past, modelling criteria have been developed that make it possible to solve environmental problems with great confidence, and studies validated the models: at least in a neutrally stratified atmosphere. The approach adopted in the book is that of applied fluid mechanics, since this forms the basis for the evaluation of the urban wind field. Variables for air quality or loads are problem specific, or even random, and methods for studying them are based on risk analysis, which is also presented. Criteria are developed for a systematic approach to urban wind engineering problems, including parameter studies. The five sections of the book are: Fundamentals of urban boundary layer and dispersion; Forces on complex structures in built-up areas; Air pollution in cities; Numerical solution techniques; and Posters. A subject index is included.

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology
Author: Ian Douglas,P M L Anderson,David Goode,Mike Houck,David Maddox,Harini Nagendra,Puay Yok Tan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 1328
Release: 2020-11-20
ISBN 10: 0429015267
ISBN 13: 9780429015267
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology Book Review:

This second edition covers recent developments around the world with contributors from 33 different countries. It widens the handbook’s scope by including ecological design; consideration of cultural dimensions of the use and conservation of urban nature; the roles of government and civil society; and the continuing issues of equity and fairness in access to urban greenspaces. New features include an emphasis on the biophilic design of homes and workplaces, demonstrating the value of nature, in order to counter the still prevalent attitude among many developers that nature is a constraint rather than a value. The volume explores great practical achievements have occurred since the first edition, with many governments increasingly recognising and legislating on urban nature and green infrastructure matters, since cities play a major role in adapting to change, particularly to climate crisis. New topics such as the ecological role of light at night and human microbiota in the urban ecosystem are introduced. Additional attention is given to food production in cities, particularly the multiple roles of urban agriculture and household gardens in different contexts from wealthy communities to the poorest informal settlements in deprived communities. The emphasis is on demonstrating what can be achieved, and what is already being done. The book will help scholars and graduate students by providing an invaluable and up-to-date guide to current urban ecological thinking across the range of disciplines, such as geography, ecology, environmental science/studies, planning, urban studies, that converge in the study of towns and cities and urban design and living. It will also assist practitioners and civil society members in discovering the ways different specialists and thinkers approach urban nature.

Environmental ScienceBites

Environmental ScienceBites
Author: Kylienne A. Clark,Travis R. Shaul,Brian H. Lower
Publsiher: The Ohio State University
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2015-09-15
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental ScienceBites Book Review:

This book was written by undergraduate students at The Ohio State University (OSU) who were enrolled in the class Introduction to Environmental Science. The chapters describe some of Earth's major environmental challenges and discuss ways that humans are using cutting-edge science and engineering to provide sustainable solutions to these problems. Topics are as diverse as the students, who represent virtually every department, school and college at OSU. The environmental issue that is described in each chapter is particularly important to the author, who hopes that their story will serve as inspiration to protect Earth for all life.

The Urban Climate

The Urban Climate
Author: Helmut E. Landsberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 1981-08-28
ISBN 10: 9780080924199
ISBN 13: 0080924190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Climate Book Review:

The Urban Climate aims to summarize analytical studies directed toward physical understanding of the rural-urban differences in the atmospheric boundary layer. Attempts to quantify conditions have met with some success. There is certainly a clear understanding of the physical relations that create the climatic differences of urbanized areas. Although some of the earlier classical studies are cited here, the emphasis is on the work done during the last decade and a half. This volume comprises 11 chapters, beginning with an introductory chapter discussing the literature surrounding the topic, its historical development, and the problem of local climate modification. The second chapter presents an assessment of the urban atmosphere on a synoptic and local scale, and examines the observational procedures involved. The following chapters then go on to discuss urban air composition; urban energy fluxes; the urban heat island; the urban wind field; models of urban temperature and wind fields; moisture, clouds, and hydrometeors; urban hydrology; special aspects of urban climate; and finally, urban planning. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of meteorology, urban planning, and urban climatology.

The Urban Forest

The Urban Forest
Author: David Pearlmutter,Carlo Calfapietra,Roeland Samson,Liz O'Brien,Silvija Krajter Ostoić,Giovanni Sanesi,Rocío Alonso del Amo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2017-02-27
ISBN 10: 3319502808
ISBN 13: 9783319502809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Forest Book Review:

This book focuses on urban "green infrastructure" – the interconnected web of vegetated spaces like street trees, parks and peri-urban forests that provide essential ecosystem services in cities. The green infrastructure approach embodies the idea that these services, such as storm-water runoff control, pollutant filtration and amenities for outdoor recreation, are just as vital for a modern city as those provided by any other type of infrastructure. Ensuring that these ecosystem services are indeed delivered in an equitable and sustainable way requires knowledge of the physical attributes of trees and urban green spaces, tools for coping with the complex social and cultural dynamics, and an understanding of how these factors can be integrated in better governance practices. By conveying the findings and recommendations of COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs, this volume summarizes the collaborative efforts of researchers and practitioners from across Europe to address these challenges.

The Ecological City

The Ecological City
Author: Rutherford H. Platt,Rowan A. Rowntree,Pamela C. Muick
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 314
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D00893750V
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ecological City Book Review:

Interdisciplinary in content as well as approach, this collection of original essays takes a fresh look at the ecology of urban communities. Written by experts from a variety of professions―academic researchers, private and public program managers, and citizen activists―the book explores issues of geography, ecology, landscape architecture, urban forestry, law, and environmental education. Contributions include broad overviews of common problems a well as detailed case studies of specific programs.