St Thomas Aquinas and the Natural Law Tradition

St  Thomas Aquinas and the Natural Law Tradition
Author: John Goyette,Mark S. Latkovic,Richard S. Myers
Publsiher: CUA Press
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2004-09
ISBN 10: 0813213991
ISBN 13: 9780813213996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

St Thomas Aquinas and the Natural Law Tradition Book Review:

To explore and evaluate the current revival, this volume brings together many of the foremost scholars on natural law. They examine the relation between Thomistic natural law and the larger philosophical and theological tradition. Furthermore, they assess the contemporary relevance of St. Thomas's natural law doctrine to current legal and political philosophy.

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition
Author: Norberto Bobbio
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 1993-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780226062488
ISBN 13: 0226062481
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition Book Review:

Pre-eminent among European political philosophers, Norberto Bobbio has throughout his career turned to the political theory of Thomas Hobbes. Gathered here for the first time are the most important of his essays which together provide both a valuable introduction to Hobbes's thought and a fresh understanding of Hobbes's place in the theory of modern politics. Tracing Hobbes's work through De Cive and Leviathan, Bobbio identifies the philosopher's relation to the tradition of natural law. That Hobbes must now be understood in both this tradition as well as in the seemingly contradictory positivist tradition becomes clear for the first time in Bobbio's account. Bobbio also demonstrates that Hobbes cannot be easily labelled "liberal" or "totalitarian"; in Bobbio's provocative analysis of Hobbes's justification of the state, Hobbes emerges as a true conservative. Though his primary concern is to reconstruct the inner logic of Hobbes's thought, Bobbio is also attentive to the philosopher's biography and weaves into his analysis details of Hobbes's life and world—his exile in France, his relation with the Mersenne circle, his disputes with Anglican bishops, and accusations of heresy leveled against him. The result is a revealing, thoroughly new portrait of the first theorist of the modern state.

The Tradition of Natural Law

The Tradition of Natural Law
Author: Yves René Marie Simon
Publsiher: Fordham Univ Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 9780823206414
ISBN 13: 0823206416
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Tradition of Natural Law Book Review:

The tradition of natural law is one of the foundations of Western civilization. At its heart is the conviction that there is an objective and universal justice which transcends humanity's particular expressions of justice. It asserts that there are certain ways of behaving which are appropriate to humanity simply by virtue of the fact that we are all human beings. Recent political debates indicate that it is not a tradition that has gone unchallenged: in fact, the opposition is as old as the tradition itself. By distinguishing between philosophy and ideology, by recalling the historical adventures of natural law, and by reviewing the theoretical problems involved in the doctrine, Simon clarifies much of the confusion surrounding this perennial debate. He tackles the questions raised by the application of natural law with skill and honesty as he faces the difficulties of the subject. Simon warns against undue optimism in a revival of interest in natural law and insists that the study of natural law beings with the analysis of "the law of the land." He writes not as a polemicist but as a philosopher, and he writes of natural law with the same force, conciseness, lucidity and simplicity which have distinguished all his other works.

Hans Kelsen and the Natural Law Tradition

Hans Kelsen and the Natural Law Tradition
Author: Peter Langford,Ian Bryan,John McGarry
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2019-03-19
ISBN 10: 9004390391
ISBN 13: 9789004390393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hans Kelsen and the Natural Law Tradition Book Review:

Hans Kelsen and the Natural Law Tradition provides the first sustained examination of Hans Kelsen’s critical engagement, itself founded upon a distinctive theory of legal positivism, with the Natural Law Tradition.

The Natural Law Tradition and Belief

The Natural Law Tradition and Belief
Author: David Ardagh
Publsiher: Nova Science Publishers
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9781536149630
ISBN 13: 1536149632
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Natural Law Tradition and Belief Book Review:

For over twenty centuries, from ancient Greece the ideal of natural law has been appealed to in Western moral and legal philosophy as a grounding for ethics and jurisprudence, centered on capacities of a common human nature. From the early medieval advent of Christendom, it was embedded within theistic and religious systems for over a millennium, during which time it was treated as incomplete and part of an enveloping divine law of ethics. Modern agnosticism in theology, religion, and metaphysics then saw natural law unhitched from these associations, but it is still suspect due to its lingering ties with these disciplines and practices. It endured through its meta-ethical capacity to integrate changes in science with ethics via its central notion of wellbeing as the perfection of human nature, via access to the highest good, however variously understood. Today, nature and human natures wellbeing, are both endangered. Ecological destruction arising from unbridled growth, industrial pollution, nuclear weapons and mass population displacement though poverty and wars threaten humanity. But in terms of the meta-ethics of wellbeing, both the humanist normative ethics of natural law, and some of its enveloping theistic and religious divine law addenda, can be invoked to address such evils. The book aims to reinvigorate natural law as a unifying ethical organon for this purpose, showing that it can dialogue with its enveloping divine law overlays constructively, uncovering its points of essential unity with them, and generating some unified solutions to the global threats mentioned, like poverty. These are largely due to global injustices like tax evasion, the arms trade, and political corruption, which are better prevented by cooperatively agreed and enforced global ideals, norms, and laws, based on natural and divine law, grounding international laws rather than appealing to national norms and laws alone.

The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory

The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory
Author: Daniel Chernilo
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2013-01-31
ISBN 10: 1107009804
ISBN 13: 9781107009806
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory Book Review:

Daniel Chernilo offers an original reconstruction of the history of universalism in modern social thought from Hobbes to Habermas.

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law
Author: Kody W. Cooper
Publsiher: University of Notre Dame Pess
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2018-03-30
ISBN 10: 0268103046
ISBN 13: 9780268103040
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Book Review:

Has Hobbesian moral and political theory been fundamentally misinterpreted by most of his readers? Since the criticism of John Bramhall, Hobbes has generally been regarded as advancing a moral and political theory that is antithetical to classical natural law theory. Kody Cooper challenges this traditional interpretation of Hobbes in Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law. Hobbes affirms two essential theses of classical natural law theory: the capacity of practical reason to grasp intelligible goods or reasons for action and the legally binding character of the practical requirements essential to the pursuit of human flourishing. Hobbes’s novel contribution lies principally in his formulation of a thin theory of the good. This book seeks to prove that Hobbes has more in common with the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition of natural law philosophy than has been recognized. According to Cooper, Hobbes affirms a realistic philosophy as well as biblical revelation as the ground of his philosophical-theological anthropology and his moral and civil science. In addition, Cooper contends that Hobbes's thought, although transformative in important ways, also has important structural continuities with the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition of practical reason, theology, social ontology, and law. What emerges from this study is a nuanced assessment of Hobbes’s place in the natural law tradition as a formulator of natural law liberalism. This book will appeal to political theorists and philosophers and be of particular interest to Hobbes scholars and natural law theorists.

Natural and Divine Law

Natural and Divine Law
Author: Jean Porter,Nicholas Wolterstorff
Publsiher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Total Pages: 340
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780802846976
ISBN 13: 0802846971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural and Divine Law Book Review:

Though the concept of natural law took center stage during the Middle Ages, the theological aspects of this august intellectual tradition have been largely forgotten by the modern church. In this book ethicist Jean Porter shows the continuing significance of the natural law tradition for Christian ethics. Based on a careful analysis of natural law as it emerged in the medieval period, Porter's work explores several important scholastic theologians and canonists whose writings are not only worthy of study in their own right but also make important contributions to moral reflection today.

After the Natural Law

After the Natural Law
Author: John Lawrence Hill
Publsiher: Ignatius Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1621640175
ISBN 13: 9781621640172
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

After the Natural Law Book Review:

The "natural law" worldview developed over the course of almost two thousand years beginning with Plato and Aristotle and culminating with St. Thomas Aquinas in the thirteenth century. This tradition holds that the world is ordered, intelligible and good, that there are objective moral truths which we can know and that human beings can achieve true happiness only by following our inborn nature, which draws us toward our own perfection. Most accounts of the natural law are based on a God-centered understanding of the world. After the Natural Law traces this tradition from Plato and Aristotle to Thomas Aquinas and then describes how and why modern philosophers such as Descartes, Locke and Hobbes began to chip away at this foundation. The book argues that natural law is a necessary foundation for our most important moral and political values – freedom, human rights, equality, responsibility and human dignity, among others. Without a theory of natural law, these values lose their coherence: we literally cannot make sense of them given the assumptions of modern philosophy. Part I of the book traces the development of natural law theory from Plato and Aristotle through the crowning achievement of Thomas Aquinas. Part II explores how modern philosophers have systematically chipped away at the only coherent foundation for these values. As a result, our most important moral and political ideals today are incoherent. Modern political and moral thinkers have been led either to dilute the meaning of such terms as freedom or the moral good – or abandon these ideas altogether. Thus, modern philosophy and political thought are leading us either toward anarchy or totalitarianism. The conclusion, entitled "Why God Matters", shows how even the philosophical assumptions of the natural law depend on a personal God.

Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition

Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition
Author: Christopher Robert Kaczor
Publsiher: CUA Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780813210933
ISBN 13: 0813210933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition Book Review:

This work argues against the plausibility against proportionalism and its first proponents, namely Peter Knauer, Joseph Fuchs, Louis Janssens, and Richard McCormick. Examining the genealogy of the movement, it disputes a received history that depicts proportionalism as a recovery of Thomas Aquinas.

The Tradition of Natural Law

The Tradition of Natural Law
Author: Yves René Marie Simon
Publsiher: New York : Fordham University Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 1965
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015002726829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Tradition of Natural Law Book Review:

"This work has its origin in the course 'The Problem of Natural Law' given by the late Professor Yves R. Simon at the University of Chicago in the winter quarter of 1958"--Editor's preface.

Natural Law and Justice

Natural Law and Justice
Author: Lloyd L. Weinreb
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 9780674604261
ISBN 13: 0674604261
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Law and Justice Book Review:

"Human beings are a part of nature and apart from it." The argument of Natural Law and Justice is that the philosophy of natural law and contemporary theories about the nature of justice are both efforts to make sense of the fundamental paradox of human experience: individual freedom and responsibility in a causally determined universe. Professor Weinreb restores the original understanding of natural law as a philosophy about the place of humankind in nature. He traces the natural law tradition from its origins in Greek speculation through its classic Christian statement by Thomas Aquinas. He goes on to show how the social contract theorists adapted the idea of natural law to provide for political obligation in civil society and how the idea was transformed in Kant's account of human freedom. He brings the historical narrative down to the present with a discussion of the contemporary debate between natural law and legal positivism, including particularly the natural law theories of Finnis, Richards, and Dworkin. Professor Weinreb then adopts the approach of modern political philosophy to develop the idea of justice as a union of the distinct ideas of desert and entitlement. He shows liberty and equality to be the political analogues of desert and entitlement and both pairs to be the normative equivalents of freedom and cause. In this part of the book, Weinreb considers the theories of justice of Rawls and Nozick as well as the communitarian theory of Maclntyre and Sandel. The conclusion brings the debates about natural law and justice together, as parallel efforts to understand the human condition. This original contribution to legal philosophy will be especially appreciated by scholars, teachers, and students in the fields of political philosophy, legal philosophy, and the law generally.

How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law

How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law
Author: Kenneth R. Westphal
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-04-07
ISBN 10: 0191064122
ISBN 13: 9780191064128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law Book Review:

Kenneth R. Westphal presents an original interpretation of Hume's and Kant's moral philosophies, the differences between which are prominent in current philosophical accounts. Westphal argues that focussing on these differences, however, occludes a decisive, shared achievement: a distinctive constructivist method to identify basic moral principles and to justify their strict objectivity, without invoking moral realism nor moral anti-realism or irrealism. Their constructivism is based on Hume's key insight that 'though the laws of justice are artificial, they are not arbitrary'. Arbitrariness in basic moral principles is avoided by starting with fundamental problems of social coördination which concern outward behaviour and physiological needs; basic principles of justice are artificial because solving those problems does not require appeal to moral realism (nor to moral anti-realism). Instead, moral cognitivism is preserved by identifying sufficient justifying reasons, which can be addressed to all parties, for the minimum sufficient legitimate principles and institutions required to provide and protect basic forms of social coördination (including verbal behaviour). Hume first develops this kind of constructivism for basic property rights and for government. Kant greatly refines Hume's construction of justice within his 'metaphysical principles of justice', whilst preserving the core model of Hume's innovative constructivism. Hume's and Kant's constructivism avoids the conventionalist and relativist tendencies latent if not explicit in contemporary forms of moral constructivism.

Natural Law and the Nature of Law

Natural Law and the Nature of Law
Author: Jonathan Crowe
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2019-04-30
ISBN 10: 1108498302
ISBN 13: 9781108498302
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Law and the Nature of Law Book Review:

Presents a systematic, contemporary defence of the natural law outlook in ethics, politics and jurisprudence.

The Defence of Natural Law

The Defence of Natural Law
Author: Charles Covell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2016-07-27
ISBN 10: 134922359X
ISBN 13: 9781349223596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Defence of Natural Law Book Review:

The Defence of Natural Law comprises a study of the philosophies of law expounded by Lon L. Fuller, Michael Oakeshott, F.A. Hayek, Ronald Dworkin and John Finnis. The work of these theorists is situated in relation to the modern tradition in legal philosophy. In this way, it is demonstrated that the theorists adhered closely to the natural law standpoint in legal philosophy, while also defending the particular view of the proper functions of law and the state that distinguished the tradition of modern liberalism.

Natural Law Theory

Natural Law Theory
Author: Robert P. George
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 9780198235521
ISBN 13: 0198235526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Law Theory Book Review:

This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

The Natural Law Tradition and the Theory of International Relations

The Natural Law Tradition and the Theory of International Relations
Author: E. B. F. Midgley
Publsiher: New York : Barnes & Noble Books
Total Pages: 588
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105044431646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Natural Law Tradition and the Theory of International Relations Book Review:

The Foundations of Natural Morality

The Foundations of Natural Morality
Author: S. Adam Seagrave
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2014-05-05
ISBN 10: 022612357X
ISBN 13: 9780226123578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Foundations of Natural Morality Book Review:

Recent years have seen a renaissance of interest in the relationship between natural law and natural rights. During this time, the concept of natural rights has served as a conceptual lightning rod, either strengthening or severing the bond between traditional natural law and contemporary human rights. Does the concept of natural rights have the natural law as its foundation or are the two ideas, as Leo Strauss argued, profoundly incompatible? With The Foundations of Natural Morality, S. Adam Seagrave addresses this controversy, offering an entirely new account of natural morality that compellingly unites the concepts of natural law and natural rights. Seagrave agrees with Strauss that the idea of natural rights is distinctly modern and does not derive from traditional natural law. Despite their historical distinctness, however, he argues that the two ideas are profoundly compatible and that the thought of John Locke and Thomas Aquinas provides the key to reconciling the two sides of this long-standing debate. In doing so, he lays out a coherent concept of natural morality that brings together thinkers from Plato and Aristotle to Hobbes and Locke, revealing the insights contained within these disparate accounts as well as their incompleteness when considered in isolation. Finally, he turns to an examination of contemporary issues, including health care, same-sex marriage, and the death penalty, showing how this new account of morality can open up a more fruitful debate.

Aristotle and Natural Law

Aristotle and Natural Law
Author: Tony Burns
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2011-10-27
ISBN 10: 1441107169
ISBN 13: 9781441107169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aristotle and Natural Law Book Review:

Aristotle and Natural Law lays out a new theoretical approach which distinguishes between the notions of 'interpretation,' 'appropriation,' 'negotiation' and 'reconstruction' of the meaning of texts and their component concepts. These categories are then deployed in an examination of the role which the concept of natural law is used by Aristotle in a number of key texts. The book argues that Aristotle appropriated the concept of natural law, first formulated by the defenders of naturalism in the 'nature versus convention debate' in classical Athens. Thereby he contributed to the emergence and historical evolution of the meaning of one of the most important concept in the lexicon of Western political thought. Aristotle and Natural Law argues that Aristotle's ethics is best seen as a certain type of natural law theory which does not allow for the possibility that individuals might appeal to natural law in order to criticize existing laws and institutions. Rather its function is to provide them with a philosophical justification from the standpoint of Aristotle's metaphysics.

The Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence

The Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence
Author: George Duke,Robert P. George
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2017-06-16
ISBN 10: 1107120519
ISBN 13: 9781107120518
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence Book Review:

This volume brings together leading experts on natural law theory to provide perspectives on the nature and foundations of law.