The Theory of Critical Distances

The Theory of Critical Distances
Author: David Taylor
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN 10: 9780080554723
ISBN 13: 0080554725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Theory of Critical Distances Book Review:

Critical distance methods are extremely useful for predicting fracture and fatigue in engineering components. They also represent an important development in the theory of fracture mechanics. Despite being in use for over fifty years in some fields, there has never been a book about these methods – until now. So why now? Because the increasing use of computer-aided stress analysis (by FEA and other techniques) has made these methods extremely easy to use in practical situations. This is turn has prompted researchers to re-examine the underlying theory with renewed interest. The Theory of Critical Distances begins with a general introduction to the phenomena of mechanical failure in materials: a basic understanding of solid mechanics and materials engineering is assumed, though appropriate introductory references are provided where necessary. After a simple explanation of how to use critical distance methods, and a more detailed exposition of the methods including their history and classification, the book continues by showing examples of how critical distance approaches can be applied to predict fracture and fatigue in different classes of materials. Subsequent chapters include some more complex theoretical areas, such as multiaxial loading and contact problems, and a range of practical examples using case studies of real engineering components taken from the author’s own consultancy work. The Theory of Critical Distances will be of interest to a range of readers, from academic researchers concerned with the theoretical basis of the subject, to industrial engineers who wish to incorporate the method into modern computer-aided design and analysis. Comprehensive collection of published data, plus new data from the author's own laboratories A simple 'how-to-do-it' exposition of the method, plus examples and case studies Detailed theoretical treatment Covers all classes of materials: metals, polymers, ceramics and composites Includes fracture, fatigue, fretting, size effects and multiaxial loading

The Theory of Critical Distances

The Theory of Critical Distances
Author: David Taylor
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2007-08-31
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015064981981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Theory of Critical Distances Book Review:

Critical distance methods are extremely useful for predicting fracture and fatigue in engineering components. They also represent an important development in the theory of fracture mechanics. Despite being in use for over fifty years in some fields, there has never been a book about these methods - until now. So why now? Because the increasing use of computer-aided stress analysis (by FEA and other techniques) has made these methods extremely easy to use in practical situations. This is turn has prompted researchers to re-examine the underlying theory with renewed interest. The Theory of Critical Distances begins with a general introduction to the phenomena of mechanical failure in materials: a basic understanding of solid mechanics and materials engineering is assumed, though appropriate introductory references are provided where necessary. After a simple explanation of how to use critical distance methods, and a more detailed exposition of the methods including their history and classification, the book continues by showing examples of how critical distance approaches can be applied to predict fracture and fatigue in different classes of materials. Subsequent chapters include some more complex theoretical areas, such as multiaxial loading and contact problems, and a range of practical examples using case studies of real engineering components taken from the author's own consultancy work. The Theory of Critical Distances will be of interest to a range of readers, from academic researchers concerned with the theoretical basis of the subject, to industrial engineers who wish to incorporate the method into modern computer-aided design and analysis. Comprehensive collection of published data, plus new data from the author's own laboratories A simple 'how-to-do-it' exposition of the method, plus examples and case studies Detailed theoretical treatment Covers all classes of materials: metals, polymers, ceramics and composites Includes fracture, fatigue, fretting, size effects and multiaxial loading

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures
Author: E.E. Gdoutos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1416
Release: 2008-01-08
ISBN 10: 1402049722
ISBN 13: 9781402049729
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures Book Review:

The 16th European Conference of Fracture (ECF16) was held in Greece, July, 2006. It focused on all aspects of structural integrity with the objective of improving the safety and performance of engineering structures, components, systems and their associated materials. Emphasis was given to the failure of nanostructured materials and nanostructures including micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS).

Critique as Social Practice

Critique as Social Practice
Author: Robin Celikates
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2018-05-08
ISBN 10: 1786604647
ISBN 13: 9781786604644
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critique as Social Practice Book Review:

This book provides an overview of recent debates about critical theory from Pierre Bourdieu via Luc Boltanski to the Frankfurt School. Robin Celikates investigates the relevance of the self-understanding of ordinary agents and of their practices of critique for the theoretical and emancipatory project of critical theory.

Theory of Notch Stresses

Theory of Notch Stresses
Author: Heinz Neuber
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 181
Release: 1946
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015000490626
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory of Notch Stresses Book Review:

Critique on the Couch

Critique on the Couch
Author: Amy Allen
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN 10: 0231552718
ISBN 13: 9780231552714
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critique on the Couch Book Review:

Does critical theory still need psychoanalysis? In Critique on the Couch, Amy Allen offers a cogent and convincing defense of its ongoing relevance. Countering the overly rationalist and progressivist interpretations of psychoanalysis put forward by contemporary critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth, Allen argues that the work of Melanie Klein offers an underutilized resource. She draws on Freud, Klein, and Lacan to develop a more realistic strand of psychoanalytic thinking that centers on notions of loss, negativity, ambivalence, and mourning. Far from leading to despair, such an understanding of human subjectivity functions as a foundation of creativity, productive self-transformation, and progressive social change. At a time when critical theorists are increasingly returning to psychoanalytic thought to diagnose the dysfunctions of our politics, this book opens up new ways of understanding the political implications of psychoanalysis while preserving the progressive, emancipatory aims of critique.

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Life Cycle Sustainability and Innovations

Bridge Maintenance  Safety  Management  Life Cycle Sustainability and Innovations
Author: Hiroshi Yokota,Dan M. Frangopol
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 926
Release: 2021-04-20
ISBN 10: 1000173755
ISBN 13: 9781000173758
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Life Cycle Sustainability and Innovations Book Review:

Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Life-Cycle Sustainability and Innovations contains lectures and papers presented at the Tenth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2020), held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, April 11–15, 2021. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB card containing the full papers of 571 contributions presented at IABMAS 2020, including the T.Y. Lin Lecture, 9 Keynote Lectures, and 561 technical papers from 40 countries. The contributions presented at IABMAS 2020 deal with the state of the art as well as emerging concepts and innovative applications related to the main aspects of maintenance, safety, management, life-cycle sustainability and technological innovations of bridges. Major topics include: advanced bridge design, construction and maintenance approaches, safety, reliability and risk evaluation, life-cycle management, life-cycle sustainability, standardization, analytical models, bridge management systems, service life prediction, maintenance and management strategies, structural health monitoring, non-destructive testing and field testing, safety, resilience, robustness and redundancy, durability enhancement, repair and rehabilitation, fatigue and corrosion, extreme loads, and application of information and computer technology and artificial intelligence for bridges, among others. This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering and significant contributions to the process of making more rational decisions on maintenance, safety, management, life-cycle sustainability and technological innovations of bridges for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. The Editors hope that these Proceedings will serve as a valuable reference to all concerned with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including engineers, researchers, academics and students from all areas of bridge engineering.

Economics of Distance and Online Learning

Economics of Distance and Online Learning
Author: William J. Bramble,Santosh Panda
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-03-31
ISBN 10: 1135892105
ISBN 13: 9781135892104
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics of Distance and Online Learning Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the organizational models of distance and online learning from an international perspective and from the point of view of economic planning, costing and management decision-making. The book points to directions for the further research and development in this area, and will promote further understanding and critical reflection on the part of administrators, practitioners and researchers of distance education. The experiences and perspectives in distance education in the US are balanced with those in other areas of the world.

Proxemic Interactions

Proxemic Interactions
Author: Nicolai Marquardt,Saul Greenberg
Publsiher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2015-02-01
ISBN 10: 1627056572
ISBN 13: 9781627056571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proxemic Interactions Book Review:

In the everyday world, much of what we do as social beings is dictated by how we perceive and manage our interpersonal space. This is called proxemics. At its simplest, people naturally correlate physical distance to social distance. We believe that people’s expectations of proxemics can be exploited in interaction design to mediate their interactions with devices (phones, tablets, computers, appliances, large displays) contained within a small ubiquitous computing ecology. Just as people expect increasing engagement and intimacy as they approach others, so should they naturally expect increasing connectivity and interaction possibilities as they bring themselves and their devices in close proximity to one another. This is called Proxemic Interactions. This book concerns the design of proxemic interactions within such future proxemic-aware ecologies. It imagines a world of devices that have fine-grained knowledge of nearby people and other devices—how they move into range, their precise distance, their identity, and even their orientation—and how such knowledge can be exploited to design interaction techniques. The first part of this book concerns theory. After introducing proxemics, we operationalize proxemics for ubicomp interaction via the Proxemic Interactions framework that designers can use to mediate people’s interactions with digital devices. The framework, in part, identifies five key dimensions of proxemic measures (distance, orientation, movement, identity, and location) to consider when designing proxemic-aware ubicomp systems. The second part of this book applies this theory to practice via three case studies of proxemic-aware systems that react continuously to people’s and devices’ proxemic relationships. The case studies explore the application of proxemics in small-space ubicomp ecologies by considering first person-to-device, then device-to-device, and finally person-to-person and device-to-device proxemic relationships. We also offer a critical perspective on proxemic interactions in the form of “dark patterns,” where knowledge of proxemics may (and likely will) be easily exploited to the detriment of the user.

Critical Theory The Key Concepts

Critical Theory  The Key Concepts
Author: Dino Franco Felluga
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2015-04-17
ISBN 10: 1317514297
ISBN 13: 9781317514299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Theory The Key Concepts Book Review:

Critical Theory: The Key Concepts introduces over 300 widely-used terms, categories and ideas drawing upon well-established approaches like new historicism, postmodernism, psychoanalysis, Marxism, and narratology as well as many new critical theories of the last twenty years such as Actor-Network Theory, Global Studies, Critical Race Theory, and Speculative Realism. This book explains the key concepts at the heart of a wide range of influential theorists from Agamben to Žižek. Entries range from concise definitions to longer more explanatory essays and include terms such as: Aesthetics Desire Dissensus Dromocracy Hegemony Ideology Intersectionality Late Capitalism Performativity Race Suture Featuring cross-referencing throughout, a substantial bibliography and index, Critical Theory: The Key Concepts is an accessible and easy-to-use guide. This book is an invaluable introduction covering a wide range of subjects for anyone who is studying or has an interest in critical theory (past and present).

Learner Centered Theory and Practice in Distance Education

Learner Centered Theory and Practice in Distance Education
Author: Thomas M. Duffy,Jamie R. Kirkley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2003-12-08
ISBN 10: 1135623929
ISBN 13: 9781135623920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Learner Centered Theory and Practice in Distance Education Book Review:

Learner-Centered Theory and Practice in Distance Education: Cases From Higher Education brings the voice of the learning sciences to the study and design of distance learning. The contributors examine critical issues in the design of theoretically and pedagogically based distance education programs. Eight distance education programs are described in enough detail to allow readers with different interests to understand the pedagogical approaches and the implications of implementing those approaches. Issues of theory, pedagogy, design, assessment, communities of practice, collaboration, and faculty development are discussed. Each section of the book includes: *a primary chapter written by an author or authors involved with a distance education program that reflects learner-centered principles; *a formal reaction to the chapter by a specialist from the learning sciences, educational evaluation and policy, administration, or the corporate sector with expertise in issues of distance learning; and *an edited transcript of the authors' discussion of the primary chapter held at a symposium at the Asilomar Conference Center. A final "summing up" section offers two perspectives--from leading scholars outside the fields of instructional design, evaluation, and the learning sciences--on the approaches and thinking reflected in the rest of the book. This book is essential for researchers, as well as all those engaged in delivering, supporting, or administrating distance education programs at the post-secondary level. The descriptions, strategies, and principles will inform the design of continuing education, as well as degree-based education and corporate education and training, and distance education programs for adults.

The Powers of Distance

The Powers of Distance
Author: Amanda Anderson
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-06-05
ISBN 10: 0691188068
ISBN 13: 9780691188065
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Powers of Distance Book Review:

Combining analysis of Victorian literature and culture with forceful theoretical argument, The Powers of Distance examines the progressive potential of those forms of cultivated detachment associated with Enlightenment and modern thought. Amanda Anderson explores a range of practices in nineteenth-century British culture, including methods of objectivity in social science, practices of omniscience in artistic realism, and the complex forms of affiliation in Victorian cosmopolitanism. Anderson demonstrates that many writers--including George Eliot, John Stuart Mill, Charlotte Brontë, Matthew Arnold, and Oscar Wilde--thoughtfully address the challenging moral questions that attend stances of detachment. In so doing, she offers a revisionist account of Victorian culture and a tempered defense of detachment as an ongoing practice and aspiration. The Powers of Distance illuminates its historical object of study and provides a powerful example for its theoretical argument, showing that an ideal of critical detachment underlies the ironic modes of modernism and postmodernism as well as the tradition of Enlightenment thought and critical theory. Its broad understanding of detachment and cultivated distance, together with its focused historical analysis, will appeal to theorists and critics across the humanities, particularly those working in literary and cultural studies, feminism, and postcolonialism. Original in scope and thesis, this book constitutes a major contribution to literary history and contemporary theory.

Online Distance Education

Online Distance Education
Author: Olaf Zawacki-Richter,Terry Anderson
Publsiher: Athabasca University Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2014-06-01
ISBN 10: 1927356628
ISBN 13: 9781927356623
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Online Distance Education Book Review:

Online Distance Education: Towards a Research Agenda offers a systematic overview of the major issues, trends, and areas of priority in online distance education research. In each chapter, an international expert or team of experts provides an overview of one timely issue in online distance education, summarizing major research on the topic, discussing theoretical insights that guide the research, posing questions and directions for future research, and discussing the implications for distance education practice as a whole. Intended as a primary reference and guide for distance educators, researchers, and policymakers, Online Distance Education addresses aspects of distance education practice that have often been marginalized, including issues of cost and economics, concerns surrounding social justice, cultural bias, the need for faculty professional development, and the management and growth of learner communities. At once soundly empirical and thoughtfully reflective, yet also forward-looking and open to new approaches to online and distance teaching, this text is a solid resource for researchers in a rapidly expanding discipline.

Recovering Ethical Life

Recovering Ethical Life
Author: Jay. M Bernstein
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2014-02-04
ISBN 10: 1136160396
ISBN 13: 9781136160394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recovering Ethical Life Book Review:

Reading across the whole range of Habermas' work, this book traces the development of the theory of communicative reason from its inception to its defence against postmodernism. Bernstein's analyses are always problem centred and thematic rather than textual, making this a major contribution to the critical literature on Habermas.

Critical Race Theory in Education

Critical Race Theory in Education
Author: Laurence Parker,David Gillborn
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2020-07-15
ISBN 10: 1000057933
ISBN 13: 9781000057935
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Race Theory in Education Book Review:

Critical Race Theory (CRT) is an international movement of scholars working across multiple disciplines; some of the most dynamic and challenging CRT takes place in Education. This collection brings together some of the most exciting and influential CRT in Education. CRT scholars examine the race-specific patterns of privilege and exclusion that go largely unremarked in mainstream debates. The contributions in this book cover the roots of the movement, the early battles that shaped CRT, and key ideas and controversies, such as: the problem of color-blindness, racial microaggressions, the necessity for activism, how particular cultures are rejected in the mainstream, and how racism shapes the day-to-day routines of schooling and politics. Of interest to academics, students and policymakers, this collection shows how racism operates in numerous hidden ways and demonstrates how CRT challenges the taken-for-granted assumptions that shape educational policy and practice. The chapters in this book were originally published in the following journals: International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education; Race Ethnicity and Education; Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education; Critical Studies in Education.

Theory and Educational Research

Theory and Educational Research
Author: Jean Anyon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2008-08-18
ISBN 10: 1135854432
ISBN 13: 9781135854430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory and Educational Research Book Review:

Most empirical researchers avoid the use of theory in their studies, providing data but little or no social explanation. Theoreticians, on the other hand, rarely test their ideas with empirical projects. As this groundbreaking volume makes clear, however, neither data nor theory alone is adequate to the task of social explanation—rather they form and inform each other as the inquiry process unfolds. Theory and Educational Research bridges the age-old theory/research divide by demonstrating how researchers can use critical social theory to determine appropriate empirical research strategies, and extend the analytical, critical – and sometimes emancipatory – power of data gathering and interpretation. Each chapter models a theoretically informed empiricism that places the data research yields in constant conversation with theoretical arsenals of powerful concepts. Personal reflections following each chapter chronicle the contributors’ trajectories of struggle and triumph utilizing theory and its powers in research. In the end this rich collection teaches education scholars how to deliberately engage with critical social theory in research to produce work that is simultaneously theoretically inspired, politically engaged, and empirically evocative.

Development Theory

Development Theory
Author: David Lehmann
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2010-11-26
ISBN 10: 1136856153
ISBN 13: 9781136856150
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development Theory Book Review:

The studies in this book, first published in 1979, offer an all-encompassing contemporary critique of the sociology, politics and economics of development as they are ‘conventionally’ taught and disseminated. They also seek to outline the beginnings of a new approach, while not sparing from criticism the simplistic of contemporary radical theories. The reissue will prove of significant interest to the teaching of development studies at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels.

Critical Race Theory Matters

Critical Race Theory Matters
Author: Margaret Zamudio,Christopher Russell,Francisco Rios,Jacquelyn L. Bridgeman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2011-02-11
ISBN 10: 1136907688
ISBN 13: 9781136907685
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Critical Race Theory Matters Book Review:

Over the past decade, Critical Race Theory (CRT) scholars in education have produced a significant body of work theorizing the impact of race and racism in education. Critical Race Theory Matters provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of this influential movement, shining its keen light on specific issues within education. Through clear and accessible language, the authors synthesize scholarship in the field, highlight major themes and assumptions, and examine strategies of resistance and practices for challenging the existing inequalities in education. By linking theory to everyday practices in today’s classroom, students will understand how CRT is relevant to a host of timely topics, from macro-policies such as Bilingual Education and Affirmative Action to micro-policies such as classroom management and curriculum. Moving beyond identifying problems into the realm of problem solving, Critical Race Theory Matters is a call to action to put into praxis a radical new vision of education in support of equality and social justice.

Dynamics and Control of Advanced Structures and Machines

Dynamics and Control of Advanced Structures and Machines
Author: Hans Irschik
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030793257
ISBN 13: 9783030793258
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics and Control of Advanced Structures and Machines Book Review:

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning
Author: Terry Anderson
Publsiher: Athabasca University Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1897425082
ISBN 13: 9781897425084
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning Book Review:

Neither an academic tome nor a prescriptive 'how to' guide, The Theory and Practice of Online Learning is an illuminating collection of essays by practitioners and scholars active in the complex field of distance education. Distance education has evolved significantly in its 150 years of existence. For most of this time, it was an individual pursuit defined by infrequent postal communication. But recently, three more developmental generations have emerged, supported by television and radio, teleconferencing, and computer conferencing. The early 21st century has produced a fifth generation, based on autonomous agents and intelligent, database-assisted learning, that has been referred to as Web 2.0. The second edition of "The Theory and Practice of Online Learning" features updates in each chapter, plus four new chapters on current distance education issues such as connectivism and social software innovations.