Terrible Victory

Terrible Victory
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: D & M Publishers
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2009-07-01
ISBN 10: 9781926685809
ISBN 13: 1926685806
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Terrible Victory Book Review:

Mark Zuehlke is an expert at narrating the history of life on the battlefield for the Canadian army during World War II. In Terrible Victory, he provides a soldiers-eye-view account of Canada's bloody liberation of western Holland. Readers are there as soldiers fight in the muddy quagmire, enduring a battle that lasted three weeks and in which 6,000 soldiers perished. Terrible Victory is a powerful story of courage, survival, and skill.

Pollution of the North Sea

Pollution of the North Sea
Author: Wim Salomons,Brian L. Bayne,Egbert K. Duursma,Ulrich Förstner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 687
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642737099
ISBN 13: 9783642737091
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pollution of the North Sea Book Review:

This preface is being written at a time of exceptional public interest in the North Sea, following media head lines on toxic algal blooms, the mass mortality of common seals, and concern over pollution levels. These headlines may suggest that pollution of the North Sea is a recent event. This is not the case. Although no data are available (methods simply did not exist), it is safe to assume that emission (both into air and water) of heavy metals already started to increase in the 19th cen tury. The growth of cities and introduction of sewer sys tems led to the discharge of raw sewage and sewage sludge. The introduction of man-made (xenobiotic) organ ic chemicals and their subsequent emission into the North Sea commenced before the second world war. The shallower and coastal areas of the North Sea receive the highest concentrations of these pollutants. Not unexpectedly, these areas - some Norwegian fjords, the Dutch coast, the German Bight - show signs of ecosystem deterioration and eutrophication. A certain percentage of the pollutants does not remain in the North Sea but is "exported" to the Atlantic. The North Sea therefore con tributes to the global input of pollutants to the world's oceans. The major part of the pollutants accumulate in the North Sea and are incorporated in the bottom sediments. Although they are "out of sight", they should not be "out of mind".

Clearing the Scheldt Estuary and Opening the Port of Antwerp

Clearing the Scheldt Estuary and Opening the Port of Antwerp
Author: C. P. Stacey
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1946
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:961862841
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clearing the Scheldt Estuary and Opening the Port of Antwerp Book Review:

Operations of the Canadian Army in Europe 1944 1945

Operations of the Canadian Army in Europe  1944 1945
Author: Canadian Staff Officers
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 280
Release: 1948
ISBN 10: 9781905973668
ISBN 13: 1905973667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Operations of the Canadian Army in Europe 1944 1945 Book Review:

The Cinderella Campaign

The Cinderella Campaign
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: Douglas & McIntyre
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2017-11-11
ISBN 10: 1771620900
ISBN 13: 9781771620901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cinderella Campaign Book Review:

They thought of themselves as the "Cinderella Army," and international correspondents agreed. This was because First Canadian Army had been relegated to the left flank of the Allied advance toward Germany from the Normandy beaches and given the tough, thankless task of opening the Channel ports from Le Havre to Ostend in Belgium. Then suddenly in early September 1944, securing these ports became an Allied priority, as this would allow Field Marshal Montgomery to drive to the Rhine with Operation Market Garden and win the war before Christmas. Given only scant access to the Allied supply chain, the Canadians and their British partners in I Corps tackled the task assigned. Just getting to the ports proved a terrific undertaking fought against brutal German resistance. And once there, they faced fortresses that had been prepared for years to defeat an attack. "Lost outposts," the Allies called them, but the Germans within were not going to give up easily. And so over the month of September, the Canadians set about fighting for control of each port, scrambling for supplies while under constant military pressure to get those ports open now. For Canada this was the Cinderella Campaign, the battle for the Channel ports. For those who fought it, the sacrifice of comrades dead and wounded would never be forgotten.

Trace Metals in the Westerschelde Estuary A Case Study of a Polluted Partially Anoxic Estuary

Trace Metals in the Westerschelde Estuary  A Case Study of a Polluted  Partially Anoxic Estuary
Author: W. Baeyens
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 167
Release: 1998-09-30
ISBN 10: 9780792351580
ISBN 13: 0792351584
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Metals in the Westerschelde Estuary A Case Study of a Polluted Partially Anoxic Estuary Book Review:

Oceans and lakes are characterized by large residence times and can thus be considered as being in an equilibrium or quasi-equilibrium state. In contrast, estuaries, which constitute the interface between the fresh water and marine ecosystems, are biogeochemically and physically very dynamic. Strong gradients in physical and chemical variables such as temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, amount and composition of particulates result from the mixing of fresh water and saline end members. These gradients provoke increased biogeochemical processes, generally resulting in a geochemical filter (the area of high turbidity, showing enhanced adsorption-desorption processes) and a biological filter (the area of high plankton activity showing, besides a high uptake of nutrients, a high accumulation of trace metals). Both filters disturb the conservative mixing pattern of the trace metals in an estuary. In addition, four aspects make the Scheldt estuary very unusual and different from other estuaries: the Scheldt is a tide-governed estuary which means larger residence times; the upper estuary receives large inputs of biodegradable organic matter which leads to oxygen depletion in winter and to anoxic conditions in summer; inputs of toxic pollutants occur in the upper estuary by the industrial park of Antwerp; the anoxic zone, the zone of pollutant input and the zone of the turbidity maximum coincide geographically. The Scheldt estuary is thus an ideal field laboratory for the study of biogeochemical processes which do not occur elsewhere, or only partially, to a very low extent or in a specific compartment, i.e. the sediments. More specifically, redox processes involving trace metals, the formation of non-labile metal complexes, and the methylation of mercury occur as a result of anoxic conditions and the high load of organic matter. Several models describing in detail the transport, the sedimentation and the speciation of the trace metals in this well-mixed estuary (all major estuaries in EC countries adjacent to the North Sea or the Atlantic Ocean are well-mixed) are presented in this book. A comparison of the metal concentrations over a 15-year period shows a net reduction of the pollution level.

Cinderella Army

Cinderella Army
Author: Terry Copp
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 0802095224
ISBN 13: 9780802095220
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cinderella Army Book Review:

"Except for a brief period during the Rhineland battle, the First Canadian Army was the smallest to serve under Eisenhower's command. The Canadian component never totalled more than 185,000 of the four million Allied troops serving in Northwest Europe. It is evident, however, that the divisions of 2nd Canadian Corps played a role disproportionate to their numbers. Their contribution to operations designed to secure the channel ports and open the approaches to Antwerp together with the battles in the Rhineland place them among the most heavily committed and sorely tried divisions in the Allied armies. By the end of 1944 3rd Canadian Division had suffered the highest number of casualties in 21 Army Group with 2nd Canadian Division ranking a close second. In the armoured divisions, 4th Canadian was at the top of the list as was 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade among the independent tank brigades. Overall Canadian casualties were 20 per cent higher than in comparable British formations. This was a direct result of the much greater number of days that Canadian units were involved in close combat."--Jacket.

Attack on the Scheldt

Attack on the Scheldt
Author: Graham A. Thomas
Publsiher: Casemate Publishers
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-03-30
ISBN 10: 1473850681
ISBN 13: 9781473850682
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Attack on the Scheldt Book Review:

During the Allied advance across northwest Europe in 1944, the opening up of the key port of Antwerp was a pivotal event, yet it has been neglected in histories of the conflict. The battles in Normandy and on the German frontier have been studied often and in detail, while the fight for the Scheldt estuary, Walcheren and Antwerp itself has been treated as a sideshow. Graham Thomass timely and graphic account underlines the importance of this aspect of the Allied campaign and offers a fascinating insight into a complex combined-arms operation late in the Second World War. Using operational reports and vivid first-hand eyewitness testimony, he takes the reader alongside 21 Army Group as it cleared the Channel ports of Calais, Boulogne and Dunkirk, then moved on to attack the Scheldt and the island stronghold of Walcheren. Overcoming entrenched German resistance there was essential to the whole operation, and it is the climax of his absorbing narrative.

The Clearing of the Scheldt Estuary and the Liberation of Walcheren

The Clearing of the Scheldt Estuary and the Liberation of Walcheren
Author: Stephen A. Hart
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:71680208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Clearing of the Scheldt Estuary and the Liberation of Walcheren Book Review:

Juno Beach

Juno Beach
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: D & M Publishers
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-07-01
ISBN 10: 9781926685700
ISBN 13: 1926685709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Juno Beach Book Review:

On June 6, 1944 the greatest armada in history stood off Normandy and the largest amphibious invasion ever began as 107,000 men aboard 6,000 ships pressed toward the coast. Among this number were 18,000 Canadians, who were to land on a five-mile long stretch of rocky ledges fronted by a wide expanse of sand. Code named Juno Beach. Here, sheltered inside concrete bunkers and deep trenches, hundreds of German soldiers waited to strike the first assault wave with some ninety 88-millimetre guns, fifty mortars, and four hundred machineguns. A four-foot-high sea wall ran across the breadth of the beach and extending from it into the surf itself were ranks of tangled barbed wire, tank and vessel obstacles, and a maze of mines. Of the five Allied forces landing that day, they were scheduled to be the last to reach the sand. Juno was also the most exposed beach, their day’s objectives eleven miles inland were farther away than any others, and the opposition awaiting them was believed greater than that facing any other force. At battle's end one out of every six Canadians in the invasion force was either dead or wounded. Yet their grip on Juno Beach was firm.

Ortona Street Fight

Ortona Street Fight
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: Orca Book Publishers
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2011-04-01
ISBN 10: 1459800303
ISBN 13: 9781459800304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ortona Street Fight Book Review:

December 20, 1943. Two Canadian infantry battalions and a tank regiment stand poised on the outskirts of a small Italian port town. They expect to take Ortona quickly. But the German 1st Parachute Division has other ideas. For reasons unknown, Hitler has ordered Ortona held to the last man. Houses, churches and other buildings are dynamited, clogging the streets with rubble. Germans with machine guns lie in ambush. Snipers slip from one rooftop to another. The Canadians seem to have walked into a death trap. This is a battle fought at close range, often hand to hand. Casualties on both sides are heavy. In the end, raw courage and ingenuity save the Canadians. Ortona Street Fight is a riveting telling of what is considered one of the most epic battles that Canadian soldiers have ever fought.

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate
Author: Barbara Zanuttigh,Robert J. Nicholls,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Richard C. Thompson,Hans Falk Burcharth
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2014-10-28
ISBN 10: 0123973317
ISBN 13: 9780123973313
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate Book Review:

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located. Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation

On to Victory

On to Victory
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: D & M Publishers
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2010-08-01
ISBN 10: 9781553656197
ISBN 13: 1553656199
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On to Victory Book Review:

The eighth Canadian Battle Series volume is the little-told story of the tense final days of World War II, remembered in the Netherlands as “the sweetest of springs,” which saw the country’s liberation from German occupation. The Liberation Campaign, a series of fierce, desperate battles during the last three months of the war, was bittersweet. A nation’s freedom was won and the war concluded, but these final hostilities cost Canada 6,298 casualties, including 1,482 dead. With his trademark “you are there” style that draws upon official records, veteran memories, and a keen understanding of the combat experience, Mark Zuehlke brings to life this concluding chapter in the story of Canada in World War II. May 4, 2010, will mark the 65th anniversary of the Netherlands’ liberation.

Breakout From Juno

Breakout From Juno
Author: Mark Zuehlke
Publsiher: Douglas & McIntyre
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2011-11-08
ISBN 10: 1553659724
ISBN 13: 9781553659723
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breakout From Juno Book Review:

The ninth book in the Canadian Battle Series, Breakout from Juno, is the first dramatic chronicling of Canada's pivotal role throughout the entire Normandy Campaign following the D-Day landings. On July 4, 1944, the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division won the village of Carpiquet but not the adjacent airfield. Instead of a speedy victory, the men faced a bloody fight. The Canadians advanced relentlessly at a great cost in bloodshed. Within 2 weeks the 2nd Infantry and 4th Armoured divisions joined coming together as the First Canadian Army. The soldiers fought within a narrow landscape extending a mere 21 miles from Caen to Falaise. They won a two-day battle for Verrières Ridge starting on July 21, after 1,500 casualties. More bloody battles followed, until finally, on August 21, the narrowing gap that had been developing at Falaise closed when American and Canadian troops shook hands. The German army in Normandy had been destroyed, only 18,000 of about 400,000 men escaping. The Allies suffered 206,000 casualties, of which 18,444 were Canadians. Breakout from Juno is a story of uncommon heroism, endurance and sacrifice by Canada's World War II volunteer army and pays tribute to Canada's veterans.

Walcheren 1944

Walcheren 1944
Author: Richard Brooks
Publsiher: Osprey Publishing
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2011-06-21
ISBN 10: 9781849082372
ISBN 13: 1849082375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Walcheren 1944 Book Review:

Osprey's study of the Walcheren campaign of World War II (1939-1945). Walcheren is a saucer-shaped island in the estuary of the river Scheldt, commanding maritime access to Antwerp, the largest port in Western Europe. The Allies captured Antwerp intact on September 4, 1944, but their eyes were on the Rhine crossings at Arnhem, not the lower Scheldt. The failure of Operation Market-Garden later that month brought home the Allies' logistical weakness. As autumn gales drew near, every shell and petrol tin had still to be landed at Cherbourg or across the Normandy beaches. Complete US Army divisions were immobilized for lack of transport. It was vital to re-open Antwerp. The continued German presence on Walcheren, however, prevented Allied shipping from entering the Scheldt. In the fall of 1944, Walcheren had the most heavily fortified coastline in the world. Its seaward defences consisted of 30 coastal and field batteries, mounting 50-60 guns from 75mm to 220mm in caliber, manned by high quality naval personnel behind massive concrete emplacements. Supporting strongpoints had anti-aircraft guns, flame-throwers rocket-launchers and Goliath remote controlled demolition vehicles. The sand dunes protecting the low-lying island from the North Sea were laced with barbed wire, mines and dragon's teeth. Defending infantry came from Generalleutnant Wilhelm Daser's 70.Infanterie-Division, a 'white bread division' consisting of men with gastric problems. Allied intelligence estimated the total garrison at 4,000, but 8,000 eventually surrendered. On November 1, 1944, in a double-pronged attack, the men of 52nd (Lowland) Division plus No. 4 Army Commando seized Flushing (Infatuate I) while in the west 4th Special Service Brigade with three Royal Marine Commandos and No. 10 Inter-Allied Commando would take Westkapelle, and fight their way north and south along the dunes, taking the coastal batteries as they went (Infatuate II). All this was to be supported with HMS Warspite and two 15-inch gun monitors; the Support Squadron Eastern Flank (SSEF) with 25 specialized Landing Craft with guns and rockets; 350 Army guns south of the Scheldt, most of them heavier than 25-pounders; and the Typhoon and Spitfire fighter bombers of 84 Group RAF. In fighting described by one survivor as 'worse than Dieppe and D-Day put together' the Army and Royal Marines forced their way ashore, supported by specialized armour and tracked vehicles, and over the next eight days cleared the positions of their German defenders in bitter street fighting. The first Liberty ships unloaded at Antwerp on December 1, just over a fortnight before the Ardennes offensive began. If Walcheren had not fallen when it did, opening Antwerp just in time, the Allies would have been hard pressed to withstand the German attack, or replace the fuel stocks lost in its opening days, let alone cross the Rhine in the following spring, and meet the Russians on the Elbe. The Walcheren campaign was not merely a dramatic combined operation pulled off against the odds; it helped determine the course of the war and the shape of the post-war world.

Landscapes and Landforms of Belgium and Luxembourg

Landscapes and Landforms of Belgium and Luxembourg
Author: Alain Demoulin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2017-08-25
ISBN 10: 3319582399
ISBN 13: 9783319582399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Landscapes and Landforms of Belgium and Luxembourg Book Review:

This book provides an informative and intriguing overview of the most scenic landscapes of Belgium and Luxembourg. Geodiversity is emphasized, for example the periglacial features in the Hautes Fagnes area, the planation surfaces in the Ardennes and Oesling, and the famous caves of Han/Lesse and Remouchamps. The book’s chief goals are to provide the reader with enjoyable and informative descriptions of the selected sites within their regional geographical and geological settings; to offer an up-to-date survey of the evolution of Belgium’s and Luxembourg’s landscape; and to share additional information on the cultural value of the respective sites wherever appropriate. The book is a richly illustrated reference work that makes accessible for the first time a wealth of information currently scattered among many national and regional journals. It will benefit earth scientists, environmental scientists, tourism geographers and conservationists alike.

The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300 1600

The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300 1600
Author: Wim Blockmans,Mikhail Krom,Justyna Wubs-Mrozewicz
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2017-02-17
ISBN 10: 1315278561
ISBN 13: 9781315278568
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300 1600 Book Review:

The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300-1600 explores the links between maritime trading networks around Europe, from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic to the North and Baltic Seas. Maritime trade routes connected diverse geographical and cultural spheres, contributing to a more integrated Europe in both cultural and material terms. This volume explores networks’ economic functions alongside their intercultural exchanges, contacts and practical arrangements in ports on the European coasts. The collection takes as its central question how shippers and merchants were able to connect regional and interregional trade circuits around and beyond Europe in the late medieval period. It is divided into four parts, with chapters in Part I looking across broad themes such as ships and sailing routes, maritime law, financial linkages and linguistic exchanges. In the following parts - divided into the Mediterranean, the Baltic Sea, and the Atlantic and North Seas - contributors present case studies addressing themes including conflict resolution, relations between different types of main ports and their hinterland, the local institutional arrangements supporting maritime trade, and the advantages and challenges of locations around the continent. The volume concludes with a summary that points to the extraterritorial character of trading systems during this fascinating period of expansion. Drawing together an international team of contributors, The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe is a vital contribution to the study of maritime history and the history of trade. It is essential reading for students and scholars in these fields.

Geochemistry of Trace Metals in the Scheldt Estuary

Geochemistry of Trace Metals in the Scheldt Estuary
Author: Gertjan Zwolsman,Jean Jacques Gérard Zwolsman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 183
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105021842922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemistry of Trace Metals in the Scheldt Estuary Book Review:

Note concerning the origin of Scheldt estuary Bottom sediments Belgium The Netherlands

Note concerning the origin of Scheldt estuary Bottom sediments  Belgium  The Netherlands
Author: S. Wartel,F. de Meuter,A. Ringelé
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 15
Release: 1983
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:838111212
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Note concerning the origin of Scheldt estuary Bottom sediments Belgium The Netherlands Book Review:

Ecological Structures and Function in the Scheldt Estuary

Ecological Structures and Function in the Scheldt Estuary
Author: Patrick Meire
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:254883784
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecological Structures and Function in the Scheldt Estuary Book Review: