The Risk Management of Safety and Dependability

The Risk Management of Safety and Dependability
Author: W Wong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2010-04-16
ISBN 10: 1845699386
ISBN 13: 9781845699383
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Risk Management of Safety and Dependability Book Review:

The issue of risk should be embedded into the mindset of every engineer and manager to improve safety and dependability. Companies can be held accountable through law when a gross failing in health and safety management has fatal consequences. Here risk management, the organisational structure required and the main factors needed for its successful execution are explored. What risks must be managed as a legal requirement? How is risk quantified? What methods can be used to reduce risk? Such questions are addressed, alongside case histories of disasters to illustrate failures in risk management. In an easy-to-read and accessible way, The risk management of safety and dependability presents the key factors involved in successful risk management, so that even non-experts in small and medium-sized organisations, as well as engineers and managers, can apply sound safety and dependability principles. Complies with the recommendations of the Engineering Technology Board Assesses ways of recognising hazards and procedures for reducing risk in the design of processes, plant and machinery Provides detailed accounts of three major disasters and describes the lessons to be learnt in relation to risk management

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management

Advances in Safety  Reliability and Risk Management
Author: Christophe Berenguer,Antoine Grall,Carlos Guedes Soares
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3076
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN 10: 0203135105
ISBN 13: 9780203135105
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management Book Review:

Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management contains the papers presented at the 20th European Safety and Reliability (ESREL 2011) annual conference in Troyes, France, in September 2011. The books covers a wide range of topics, including: Accident and Incident Investigation; Bayesian methods; Crisis and Emergency Management; Decision Making

Safety Reliability and Risk Analysis

Safety  Reliability and Risk Analysis
Author: R.D.J.M. Steenbergen,P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder,S. Miraglia,A.C.W.M. Vrouwenvelder
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 758
Release: 2013-09-18
ISBN 10: 1315815591
ISBN 13: 9781315815596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety Reliability and Risk Analysis Book Review:

During the last decade there have been increasing societal concerns over sustainable developments focusing on the conservation of the environment, the welfare and safety of the individual and at the same time the optimal allocation of available natural and financial resources. As a consequence the methods of risk and reliability analysis are becomi

Reliability and Safety Engineering

Reliability and Safety Engineering
Author: Ajit Kumar Verma,Srividya Ajit,Durga Rao Karanki
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 571
Release: 2015-09-28
ISBN 10: 1447162692
ISBN 13: 9781447162698
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reliability and Safety Engineering Book Review:

Reliability and safety are core issues that must be addressed throughout the life cycle of engineering systems. Reliability and Safety Engineering presents an overview of the basic concepts, together with simple and practical illustrations. The authors present reliability terminology in various engineering fields, viz., electronics engineering, software engineering, mechanical engineering, structural engineering and power systems engineering. The book describes the latest applications in the area of probabilistic safety assessment, such as technical specification optimization, risk monitoring and risk informed in-service inspection. Reliability and safety studies must, inevitably, deal with uncertainty, so the book includes uncertainty propagation methods: Monte Carlo simulation, fuzzy arithmetic, Dempster-Shafer theory and probability bounds. Reliability and Safety Engineering also highlights advances in system reliability and safety assessment including dynamic system modeling and uncertainty management. Case studies from typical nuclear power plants as well as from structural, software and electronic systems are also discussed. Reliability and Safety Engineering combines discussions of the existing literature on basic concepts and applications with state-of-the-art methods used in reliability and risk assessment of engineering systems. It is designed to assist practicing engineers, students and researchers in the areas of reliability engineering and risk analysis.

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management

Advances in Safety  Reliability and Risk Management
Author: Christophe Berenguer,Antoine Grall,Carlos Guedes Soares
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3076
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN 10: 0415683793
ISBN 13: 9780415683791
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management Book Review:

Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management contains the papers presented at the 20th European Safety and Reliability (ESREL 2011) annual conference in Troyes, France, in September 2011. The books covers a wide range of topics, including: Accident and Incident Investigation; Bayesian methods; Crisis and Emergency Management; Decision Making under Risk; Dynamic Reliability; Fault Diagnosis, Prognosis and System Health Management; Fault Tolerant Control and Systems; Human Factors and Human Reliability; Maintenance Modelling and Optimisation; Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety; Occupational Safety; Quantitative Risk Assessment; Reliability and Safety Data Collection and Analysis; Risk and Hazard Analysis; Risk Governance; Risk Management; Safety Culture and Risk Perception; Structural Reliability and Design Codes; System Reliability Analysis; Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis. Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management will be of interest to academics and professionals working in a wide range of scientific, industrial and governmental sectors, including: Aeronautics and Aerospace; Chemical and Process Industry; Civil Engineering; Critical Infrastructures; Energy; Information Technology and Telecommunications; Land Transportation; Manufacturing; Maritime Transportation; Mechanical Engineering; Natural Hazards; Nuclear Industry; Offshore Industry; Policy Making and Public Planning.

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk  Reliability and Safety  Innovating Theory and Practice
Author: Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2016-11-25
ISBN 10: 149878898X
ISBN 13: 9781498788984
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice Book Review:

Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Systems Reliability and Risk Analysis

Systems Reliability and Risk Analysis
Author: E.G. Frankel
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 429
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 9789024736652
ISBN 13: 902473665X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Reliability and Risk Analysis Book Review:

Ernst G. Frankel This book has its origin in lecture notes developed over several years for use in a course in Systems Reliability f~r engineers concerned with the design of physical systems such as civil structures, power plants, and transport systems of all types. Increasing public concern with the reliability of systems for reasons of human safety, environmental protection, and acceptable investment risk limitations has resulted in an increasing interest by engineers in the formal application of reliability theory to engineering design. At the same time there is a demand for more effective approaches to the design of procedures for the operation and use of man made systems, more meaningful assessment of the risks introduced, and use such a system poses both when operating as designed and when operating at below design performance. The purpose of the book is to provide a sound, yet practical, introduction to reliability analysis and risk assessment which can be used by professionals in engineering, planning, management, and economics to improve the design, operation, and risk assessment of systems of interest. The text should be useful for students in many disciplines and is designed for fourth-year undergraduates or first-year graduate students. I would like to acknowledge the help of many of my graduate students who contributed to the development of this book by offering comments and criticism. Similarly, I would like to thank Mrs. Sheila McNary who typed untold drafts of the manuscript, and Mr.

An Introduction to the Basics of Reliability and Risk Analysis

An Introduction to the Basics of Reliability and Risk Analysis
Author: Enrico Zio
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9812706399
ISBN 13: 9789812706393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Basics of Reliability and Risk Analysis Book Review:

The necessity of expertise for tackling the complicated and multidisciplinary issues of safety and risk has slowly permeated into all engineering applications so that risk analysis and management has gained a relevant role, both as a tool in support of plant design and as an indispensable means for emergency planning in accidental situations. This entails the acquisition of appropriate reliability modeling and risk analysis tools to complement the basic and specific engineering knowledge for the technological area of application.Aimed at providing an organic view of the subject, this book provides an introduction to the principal concepts and issues related to the safety of modern industrial activities. It also illustrates the classical techniques for reliability analysis and risk assessment used in current practice.

Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants

Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants
Author: Mark Tweeddale
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 529
Release: 2003-07-09
ISBN 10: 0080469833
ISBN 13: 9780080469836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants Book Review:

There is much specialist material written about different elements of managing risks of hazardous industries, such as hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk management. Managing Risk and Reliability of Process Plants provides a systematic and integrated coverage of all these elements in sufficient detail for the reader to be able to pursue more detailed study of particular elements or topics from a good appreciation of the whole field. The reader would use this book to keep up to date with new developments and, if they are new to the job, to learn more about the subject. The text includes a chapter of case studies and worked examples - including examples of risk assessments, which is consistent with the approach taken throughout the book of applying real-life scenarios and approaches. * Provides a source for reasonable understanding across the whole field of risk management and risk assessment. * Focuses on the how, what, and why of risk management using a consistent and well organized writing style interspersed with case studies, examples, exercises, as well as end matter. * Fills a need in the area of risk assessment and risk management in the process and chemical engineering industry as an essential multi-audience reference/resource tool, useful to managers and students.

Safety Reliability and Risk Management

Safety  Reliability and Risk Management
Author: Sue Cox,Nicholas Robin Stenhouse Tait,Robin Tait
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 325
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015046895598
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety Reliability and Risk Management Book Review:

On systems reliability

Process Risk and Reliability Management

Process Risk and Reliability Management
Author: Ian Sutton
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2014-09-11
ISBN 10: 9780128016534
ISBN 13: 0128016531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Process Risk and Reliability Management Book Review:

In the last twenty years considerable progress has been made in process risk and reliability management, particularly in regard to regulatory compliance. Many companies are now looking to go beyond mere compliance; they are expanding their process safety management (PSM) programs to improve performance not just in safety, but also in environmental compliance, quality control and overall profitability. Techniques and principles are illustrated with numerous examples from chemical plants, refineries, transportation, pipelines and offshore oil and gas. This book helps executives, managers and technical professionals achieve not only their current PSM goals, but also to make the transition to a broader operational integrity strategy. The book focuses on the energy and process industries- from refineries, to pipelines, chemical plants, transportation, energy and offshore facilities. The techniques described in the book can also be applied to a wide range of non-process industries. The book is both thorough and practical. It discusses theoretical principles in a wide variety of areas such as management of change, risk analysis and incident investigation, and then goes on to show how these principles work in practice, either in the design office or in an operating facility. The second edition has been expanded, revised and updated and many new sections have been added including: The impact of resource limitations, a review of some recent major incidents, the value of story-telling as a means of conveying process safety values and principles, and the impact of the proposed changes to the OSHA PSM standard. Learn how to develop a thorough and complete process safety management program. Go beyond traditional hazards analysis and risk management programs to explore a company's entire range of procedures, processes and management issues. Understand how to develop a culture of process safety and operational excellence that goes beyond simple rule compliance. Develop process safety programs for both onshore facilities (EPA, OSHA) and offshore platforms and rigs (BSEE) and to meet Safety Case requirements.

Safety and Reliability Theory and Applications

Safety and Reliability  Theory and Applications
Author: Marko Cepin,Radim Bris
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2017-06-14
ISBN 10: 1351809725
ISBN 13: 9781351809726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety and Reliability Theory and Applications Book Review:

Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.

Reliability Maintainability and Risk

Reliability  Maintainability and Risk
Author: David J. Smith
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2011-06-29
ISBN 10: 9780080969039
ISBN 13: 0080969038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reliability Maintainability and Risk Book Review:

Reliability, Maintainability and Risk: Practical Methods for Engineers, Eighth Edition, discusses tools and techniques for reliable and safe engineering, and for optimizing maintenance strategies. It emphasizes the importance of using reliability techniques to identify and eliminate potential failures early in the design cycle. The focus is on techniques known as RAMS (reliability, availability, maintainability, and safety-integrity). The book is organized into five parts. Part 1 on reliability parameters and costs traces the history of reliability and safety technology and presents a cost-effective approach to quality, reliability, and safety. Part 2 deals with the interpretation of failure rates, while Part 3 focuses on the prediction of reliability and risk. Part 4 discusses design and assurance techniques; review and testing techniques; reliability growth modeling; field data collection and feedback; predicting and demonstrating repair times; quantified reliability maintenance; and systematic failures. Part 5 deals with legal, management and safety issues, such as project management, product liability, and safety legislation. 8th edition of this core reference for engineers who deal with the design or operation of any safety critical systems, processes or operations Answers the question: how can a defect that costs less than $1000 dollars to identify at the process design stage be prevented from escalating to a $100,000 field defect, or a $1m+ catastrophe Revised throughout, with new examples, and standards, including must have material on the new edition of global functional safety standard IEC 61508, which launches in 2010

Reliability Safety and Hazard Assessment for Risk Based Technologies

Reliability  Safety and Hazard Assessment for Risk Based Technologies
Author: Prabhakar V. Varde,Raghu V. Prakash,Gopika Vinod
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1015
Release: 2019-08-30
ISBN 10: 9811390088
ISBN 13: 9789811390081
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reliability Safety and Hazard Assessment for Risk Based Technologies Book Review:

This volume presents selected papers from the International Conference on Reliability, Safety, and Hazard. It presents the latest developments in reliability engineering and probabilistic safety assessment, and brings together contributions from a diverse international community and covers all aspects of safety, reliability, and hazard assessment across a host of interdisciplinary applications. This book will be of interest to researchers in both academia and the industry.

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability     Safe Societies in a Changing World
Author: Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3202
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN 10: 1351174649
ISBN 13: 9781351174640
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World Book Review:

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.

Process Risk and Reliability Management

Process Risk and Reliability Management
Author: Ian Sutton
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2010-05-21
ISBN 10: 9781437778069
ISBN 13: 1437778062
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Process Risk and Reliability Management Book Review:

In the last twenty years considerable progress has been made in process safety, particularly in regard to regulatory compliance. Many companies are now looking to go beyond mere compliance; they are expanding their process safety management (PSM) programs to improve performance not just in safety, but also in environmental compliance, quaility control and overall profitability. Techniques and principles are illustrated with numerous examples from chemical plants, refineries, transportation, pipelines and offshore oil and gas. This book helps executives, managers and technical professionals achieve not only their current PSM goals, but also to make the transition to a broader operational integrity strategy. The book focuses on the energy and process industries- from refineries, to pipelines, chemical plants, transportation, alternative energy and offshore facilities. The techniques described in the book can also be applied to a wide range of non-process industries. The book is both thorough and practical. It discusses theoretical principles in a wide variety of areas such as management of change, risk analysis and incident investigation, and then goes on to show how these principles work in practice, either in the design office or in an opperating facility. Learn how to develop process safety, operational integrity and operational excellence programs Go beyond traditional hazards analysis and risk management programs to explore a company's entire range of procedures, processes and mangement issues Understand how to develop a culture of process safety and operational excellence that goes beyond simple rule complience

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices
Author: Bijan Elahi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2021-11-11
ISBN 10: 0323918239
ISBN 13: 9780323918237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices Book Review:

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices, Second Edition teaches the essential safety risk management methodologies for medical devices compliant with the requirements of ISO 14971:2019. Focusing exclusively on safety risk assessment practices required in the MedTech sector, the book outlines sensible, easily comprehensible, state-of the-art methodologies that are rooted in current industry best practices, addressing safety risk management of medical devices, thus making it useful for those in the MedTech sector who are responsible for safety risk management or need to understand risk management, including design engineers, product engineers, development engineers, software engineers, Quality assurance and regulatory affairs. Graduate-level engineering students with an interest in medical devices will also benefit from this book. The new edition has been fully updated to reflect the state-of-the-art in this fast changing field. It offers guidance on developing and commercializing medical devices in line with the most current international standards and regulations. Includes new coverage of ISO 14971:2019, ISO/TR 24971 Presents the latest information on the history of risk management, lifetime of a medical device, risk management review, production and post production activities, post market risk management Provides practical, easy-to-understand and state-of the-art methodologies that meet the requirements of international regulation

Reliability and Risk Analysis

Reliability and Risk Analysis
Author: Terje Aven
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401128588
ISBN 13: 9789401128582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reliability and Risk Analysis Book Review:

Analysis of reliability and risk is an important and integral part of planning, construction and operation of all technical systems. To be able to perform such analyses systematically and scientifically, there is usually a need for special methods and models. This book presents the most important of these. Particular emphasis has been placed on the ideas and the motivation for the use of the various methods and models. It has been an objective to compile a book which provides practising engineers and engineering graduates with the concepts and basic techniques for evaluating reliability and risk. It is hoped that the material presented will make them so familiar with the subject that they can carry out various types of analyses themselves and understand and make use of the more detailed applications and additional material which is available in the journals and publications associated with their own discipline. It has also been an objective to put reliability and risk analyses in context - how such analyses should be used in design and operation of components and systems. The material presented is modern and a large part of the book is at research level. The book focuses on analysis of repairable systems, not only non-repairable systems which have traditionally been given most attention in textbooks on reliability theory. Since most real-life systems are repairable, methods for analysing repairable systems are an important area of research. The book presents general methods, with most applications taken from offshore petro leum activities.

Reliability Assessment of Safety and Production Systems

Reliability Assessment of Safety and Production Systems
Author: Jean-Pierre Signoret,Alain Leroy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 878
Release: 2022-03-24
ISBN 10: 9783030647100
ISBN 13: 3030647102
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reliability Assessment of Safety and Production Systems Book Review:

This book provides, as simply as possible, sound foundations for an in-depth understanding of reliability engineering with regard to qualitative analysis, modelling, and probabilistic calculations of safety and production systems. Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience within the field of reliability engineering, it addresses and discusses a variety of topics, including: • Background and overview of safety and dependability studies; • Explanation and critical analysis of definitions related to core concepts; • Risk identification through qualitative approaches (preliminary hazard analysis, HAZOP, FMECA, etc.); • Modelling of industrial systems through static (fault tree, reliability block diagram), sequential (cause-consequence diagrams, event trees, LOPA, bowtie), and dynamic (Markov graphs, Petri nets) approaches; • Probabilistic calculations through state-of-the-art analytical or Monte Carlo simulation techniques; • Analysis, modelling, and calculations of common cause failure and uncertainties; • Linkages and combinations between the various modelling and calculation approaches; • Reliability data collection and standardization. The book features illustrations, explanations, examples, and exercises to help readers gain a detailed understanding of the topic and implement it into their own work. Further, it analyses the production availability of production systems and the functional safety of safety systems (SIL calculations), showcasing specific applications of the general theory discussed. Given its scope, this book is a valuable resource for engineers, software designers, standard developers, professors, and students.

Integrated Risk and Vulnerability Management Assisted by Decision Support Systems

Integrated Risk and Vulnerability Management Assisted by Decision Support Systems
Author: A.V. Gheorghe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2008-09-30
ISBN 10: 140203721X
ISBN 13: 9781402037214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Risk and Vulnerability Management Assisted by Decision Support Systems Book Review:

Introduction This book includes terms of reference and offers an augmented volume of relevant work initiated within the comprehensive concept of “Knowledge Management and Risk Governance”. The latter stood for the initial title of an ad-hoc meeting held in Ascona, Switzerland, organized by the Technological Risk Management Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC) and the KOVERS Centre of Excellence in Risk and Safety Sciences of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich. Background Risk governance, in addition to the continuous interest of researchers, has recently attracted the attention of policy-makers and the media and the concern of the public. New and emerging risks in various fields and a number of risk-related issues increased the public interest and prompted for a new framework in dealing with risks. The Conference on Science and Governance organized by the European Commission in October 2000 is one of the international forums addressing this issue. Other recent events such as the establishment of the International Risk Governance Council outline the importance of the governance concept in relation to that of risk management (see www.irgc.org). At the same time noticeable progress has been made in Information Technologies and Decision Support, passing from the process of information PREFACE xvi to the process of knowledge. In this context new tools and methods became available, whose application in risk management may be beneficial.