The Origins of the Koran

The Origins of the Koran
Author: Ibn Warraq
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 161592146X
ISBN 13: 9781615921461
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Origins of the Koran Book Review:

This volume rejects the notion that Islam's sacred text is error free and cannot be critically evaluated. The study of the Koran must develop and mature. Scholars of Islam are of course familiar with the book's many errors and contradictions, but these inherent flaws have rarely been revealed to a wider public. The Origins of the Koran is an attempt to remedy this deficiency by bringing together classic critical essays which raise key issues surrounding Islam's holy book.Divided into four parts, this important anthology begins with Theodor Nöldeke's first truly scientific study of the Koran. Part Two focuses on the difficulty of establishing a reliable Koranic text, while Part Three examines the Jewish, Christian, and Zoroastrian sources of Muhammad's revelation. Part Four is a consideration of the controversial interpretations of contemporary scholar John Wansbrough, who questions the historical reliability of the earliest Islamic sources.This superb collection, which includes additional selections from Leone Caetani, Arthur Jeffery, David Margoliouth, Andrew Rippin, C.C. Torrey, and more, will prove indispensable to scholars and all those interested in the textual underpinning of one of the fastest growing religions in the world.Ibn Warraq is the highly acclaimed author of Why I Am Not a Muslim and Defending the West. He is also the editor of The Origins of the Koran, What the Koran Really Says, Leaving Islam, The Quest for the Historical Muhammad, and Which Koran'.

The Everything Koran Book

The Everything Koran Book
Author: Duaa Anwar
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2004-10-07
ISBN 10: 1440537909
ISBN 13: 9781440537905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Everything Koran Book Book Review:

"Recent events have caused tremendous interest in the Muslim religion, yet very few people understand its important tenets, as outlined in its holy book, the Koran. The Everything Koran Book, written by Duaa Anwar-an Egyptian Muslim raised in the United Arab Emirates-is your essential reference to understanding the principle teachings of Allah, as revealed in the 114 chapters of the Koran. Offering a wealth of information on the history and significance of this holy book--as well as important translations and interpretations of key passages--The Everything Koran Book helps you discover the fundamental truths behind this 1,400-year-old religion. Readers learn to: Comprehend the true teachings of the Muslim faith Discern truth from fiction Interpret Muslim symbols Know how Muslims celebrate holy days Understand Muslim law and social practices Grasp the Koran's teachings on the hereafter The Everything Koran Book is your one-stop resource for understanding and appreciating this sacred text of the Muslim faith.

The Syro Aramaic Reading of the Koran

The Syro Aramaic Reading of the Koran
Author: Christoph Luxenberg
Publsiher: Verlag Hans Schiler
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 3899300882
ISBN 13: 9783899300888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Syro Aramaic Reading of the Koran Book Review:

Throughout its history the Koran has presented problems of interpretation. Some scholars estimate that at least a quarter of the text is obscure in meaning, not only for Western translators but even native Arabic speakers, who struggle with the archaic vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Arabic. In this in-depth study of the language of the Koran, scholar Christoph Luxenberg dispels much of the mystery surrounding numerous hitherto unclear passages. The key, as Luxenberg shows exhaustively, is to understand that Aramaic--the language of most Middle Eastern Jews and Christians of the pre-Islamic era--had a pervasive influence on the development of the Arabic text of the Koran. For a thousand years preceding the advent of Islam, Aramaic (or Syriac as it was sometimes called) was the lingua franca of many parts of the Near East. It was the native language of the first Christian evangelists and the main liturgical language of the early Christian churches from Syria to Iran. Based on this historical context and a profound knowledge of Semitic languages, Luxenberg clarifies many thorny textual puzzles. Perhaps his most interesting argument is that the passage often translated as referring to the "virgins" that are believed to greet the departed faithful in paradise was long ago misunderstood. In fact, knowledge of ancient Christian hymns in Aramaic suggests that the word in question refers to "grapes" that the departed will enjoy in a paradisiacal garden. Luxenberg discusses many other similar fascinating instances where Aramaic vocabulary and concepts influenced the text of the Koran This highly erudite work makes a significant contribution to the study of the Koran and the history of Islamic origins.

The Koran in English

The Koran in English
Author: Bruce B. Lawrence
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-10-06
ISBN 10: 0691209219
ISBN 13: 9780691209210
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Koran in English Book Review:

The untold story of how the Arabic Qur'an became the English Koran For millions of Muslims, the Qur'an is sacred only in Arabic, the original Arabic in which it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in the seventh century. To many Arab and non-Arab believers alike, the book literally defies translation, yet English translations are growing in both number and importance. Bruce Lawrence tells the remarkable story of the centuries-long quest to translate the Qur'an's lyrical verses—and to make English itself an Islamic language. A translation saga like no other, this panoramic book looks at cyber Korans, versions by feminist translators, and even a graphic Qur'an by the acclaimed visual artist Sandow Birk.

Thomas Jefferson s Qur an

Thomas Jefferson s Qur an
Author: Denise A. Spellberg
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2013-10-01
ISBN 10: 0385350538
ISBN 13: 9780385350532
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thomas Jefferson s Qur an Book Review:

In this original and illuminating book, Denise A. Spellberg reveals a little-known but crucial dimension of the story of American religious freedom—a drama in which Islam played a surprising role. In 1765, eleven years before composing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson bought a Qur’an. This marked only the beginning of his lifelong interest in Islam, and he would go on to acquire numerous books on Middle Eastern languages, history, and travel, taking extensive notes on Islam as it relates to English common law. Jefferson sought to understand Islam notwithstanding his personal disdain for the faith, a sentiment prevalent among his Protestant contemporaries in England and America. But unlike most of them, by 1776 Jefferson could imagine Muslims as future citizens of his new country. Based on groundbreaking research, Spellberg compellingly recounts how a handful of the Founders, Jefferson foremost among them, drew upon Enlightenment ideas about the toleration of Muslims (then deemed the ultimate outsiders in Western society) to fashion out of what had been a purely speculative debate a practical foundation for governance in America. In this way, Muslims, who were not even known to exist in the colonies, became the imaginary outer limit for an unprecedented, uniquely American religious pluralism that would also encompass the actual despised minorities of Jews and Catholics. The rancorous public dispute concerning the inclusion of Muslims, for which principle Jefferson’s political foes would vilify him to the end of his life, thus became decisive in the Founders’ ultimate judgment not to establish a Protestant nation, as they might well have done. As popular suspicions about Islam persist and the numbers of American Muslim citizenry grow into the millions, Spellberg’s revelatory understanding of this radical notion of the Founders is more urgent than ever. Thomas Jefferson’s Qur’an is a timely look at the ideals that existed at our country’s creation, and their fundamental implications for our present and future.

In the Shadow of the Sword

In the Shadow of the Sword
Author: Tom Holland
Publsiher: Anchor
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2012-05-15
ISBN 10: 0385531362
ISBN 13: 9780385531368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In the Shadow of the Sword Book Review:

The acclaimed author of Rubicon and other superb works of popular history now produces a thrillingly panoramic (and incredibly timely) account of the rise of Islam. No less significant than the collapse of the Roman Republic or the Persian invasion of Greece, the evolution of the Arab empire is one of the supreme narratives of ancient history, a story dazzlingly rich in drama, character, and achievement. Just like the Romans, the Arabs came from nowhere to carve out a stupefyingly vast dominion—except that they achieved their conquests not over the course of centuries as the Romans did but in a matter of decades. Just like the Greeks during the Persian wars, they overcame seemingly insuperable odds to emerge triumphant against the greatest empire of the day—not by standing on the defensive, however, but by hurling themselves against all who lay in their path.

The Original Sources of the Qur n

The Original Sources of the Qur   n
Author: William St. Clair Tisdall
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 287
Release: 1911
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105010201767
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Original Sources of the Qur n Book Review:

In Search of the Original Koran

In Search of the Original Koran
Author: Mondher Sfar
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1615921052
ISBN 13: 9781615921058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Search of the Original Koran Book Review:

Orthodox Muslims venerate the Koran as the sacred word of God, which they believe was literally revealed by dictation from the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad. This fundamentalist attitude toward the Muslim holy book denies the possibility of error in the Koran - even though there are some fairly obvious self-contradictions, inconsistencies, and incoherent passages in the text. To justify the claim that the Koran is inerrant, the orthodox have simply pointed to centuries of hidebound tradition and the consensus view of conservative leaders who back up this interpretation. But does the very beginning of the Muslim tradition lend support to the orthodox view?In this fascinating study of the origins of Islam, historian Mondher Sfar reveals that there is no historical, or even theological, basis for the orthodox view that Muhammad or his earliest followers intended the Koran to be treated as the inviolable word of God. With great erudition and painstaking historical research, Sfar demonstrates that the Koran itself does not support the literalist claims of Muslim orthodoxy. Indeed, as he carefully points out, passages from Islam's sacred book clearly indicate that the revealed text should not be equated with the perfect text of the original celestial Koran, which was believed to exist only in heaven and to be fully known only by God.This early belief helps to explain why there were many variant texts of the Koran during Muhammad's lifetime and immediately thereafter, and also why this lack of consistency and the occasional revisions of earlier revelations seemed not to disturb his first disciples. They viewed the Koran as only an imperfect copy of the real heavenly original, a copy subject to the happenstances of Muhammad's life and to the human risks of its transmission. Only later, for reasons of social order and political power, did the first caliphs establish an orthodox policy, which turned Muhammad's revelations into the inerrant word of God, from which no deviation or dissent was permissible.This original historical exploration into the origins of Islam is also an important contribution to the growing movement for reform of Islam initiated by courageous Muslim thinkers convinced of the necessity of bringing Islam into the modern world.Mondher Sfar (Paris, France), a researcher in history and anthropology and the author of The Koran, the Bible, and the Ancient Near East, is also the founder and director of Sfar Editions publishing company.

Why I Am Not a Muslim

Why I Am Not a Muslim
Author: Ibn Warraq
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2010-09-30
ISBN 10: 1615920293
ISBN 13: 9781615920297
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why I Am Not a Muslim Book Review:

Those who practice the Muslim faith have resisted examinations of their religion. They are extremely guarded about their religion, and what they consider blasphemous acts by skeptical Muslims and non-Muslims alike has only served to pique the world's curiosity. This critical examination reveals an unflattering picture of the faith and its practitioners. Nevertheless, it is the truth, something that has either been deliberately concealed by modern scholars or buried in obscure journals accessible only to a select few.

The History of the Qur n

The History of the Qur    n
Author: Theodor Nöldeke,Gotthelf Bergsträßer,Friedrich Schwally,Otto Pretzl
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 692
Release: 2013-05-17
ISBN 10: 9004228799
ISBN 13: 9789004228795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The History of the Qur n Book Review:

This first complete translation of Theodor Nöldeke’s The History of the Qur??n offers a foundational work of modern Qur’anic studies to the English-speaking public. Nöldeke’s original publication, as revised and expanded over nearly three quarters of a century by his scholarly successors, Friedrich Schwally, Gotthelf Bergsträsser and Otto Pretzl, remains an indispensable resource for any scholarly work on the text of the Qur??n.

The Origins of Islamic Law

The Origins of Islamic Law
Author: Yasin Dutton
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2013-09-05
ISBN 10: 1136110747
ISBN 13: 9781136110740
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Origins of Islamic Law Book Review:

If the Qur'an is the first written formulation of Islam in general, Malik's Muwatta' is arguably the first written formulation of the Islam-in-practice that becomes Islamic law. This book considers the methods used by Malik in the Muwatta' to derive the judgements of the law from the Qur'an and is thus concerned on one level with the finer details of Qur'anic interpretation. However, since any discussion of the Qur'an in this context must also include considerations of the other main source of Islamic law, namely the sunna, or normative practice, of the Prophet, this latter concept, especially its relationship to the terms of hadith and amal (traditions and living tradition), also receives considerable attention, and in many respects, this book is more about the history and development of Islamic law than it is about the science of Qur'anic interpretation. This is the first book to question the hitherto accepted frameworks of both the classical Muslim view and the current revisionist western view on the development of Islamic law. It is also the first study in a European language to deal specifically with the early development of the Madinan, later Malik, school of jurisprudence, as it is also the first to demonstrate in detail the various methods used, both linguistic and otherwise, in interpreting the legal verses of the Qur'an. It will be of interest to all those interested in the underlying bases of Islamic law and culture, and of particular interest to those involved in studying and teaching Islamic studies, both at undergraduate and research level. It will also be of interest to those studying the relationship between orality and literacy in ancient societies and the writing down of ancient law.

The Miraculous Language of the Qur an

The Miraculous Language of the Qur an
Author: Musfir bin Ali al-Qahtani
Publsiher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Total Pages: 94
Release: 2015-01-12
ISBN 10: 1565646657
ISBN 13: 9781565646650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Miraculous Language of the Qur an Book Review:

This study illustrates why the language of the Qur'an is miraculous, unique, and evidence of divine authority. The author compares the language of the Qur'an with the language of pre-Islamic poetry, the Prophet's words (hadith), and the language of the Arabs both past and present, to demonstrate that although the Qur'an was revealed in Arabic it was at the same time an Arabic which was entirely new. Original and early Muslim audiences viewed this as miraculous and responded to the Qur'an's words, sounds, rhythms, etc. in a manner consistent with a deeper appreciation of its beauty and majesty which modern ears, trained by familiarity, and despite being surrounded by all manner of dictionaries and studies, are at a loss to capture. The author attempts to remove this veil and present the Qur'an to readers as if hearing it for the first time, to bring to life some of this wonder. In doing so he guides readers to appreciate the beauty of the Qur'an, to become more immersed in it, and to have a clearer understanding of its structure and flow. Devoting special attention to Surah Al Muddaththir, to underpin his analysis, Saeh thus brings the Revelation to life, to demonstrate that each surah has distinct features and characteristics that make it stand out uniquely within the design and sweep of the whole.

Koranic Allusions

Koranic Allusions
Author: Ibn Warraq
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2013-08-27
ISBN 10: 1616147601
ISBN 13: 9781616147600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Koranic Allusions Book Review:

For anyone with an interest in the early history of Islam, this erudite anthology will prove to be informative and enlightening. Scholars have long known that the text of the Koran shows evidence of many influences from religious sources outside Islam. For example, stories in the Koran about Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other characters from the Bible obviously come from the Jewish Torah and the Christian Gospels. But there is also evidence of borrowing in the Koran from more obscure literature. In this anthology, the acclaimed critic of Islam Ibn Warraq has assembled scholarly articles that delve into these unusual, little-known sources. The contributors examine the connections between pre-Islamic poetry and the text of the Koran; and they explore similarities between various Muslim doctrines and ideas found in the writings of the Ebionites, a Jewish Christian sect that existed from the second to the fourth centuries. Also considered is the influence of Coptic Christian literature on the writing of the traditional biography of Muhammad.

The Story of the Qur an

The Story of the Qur an
Author: Ingrid Mattson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2013-02-18
ISBN 10: 0470673494
ISBN 13: 9780470673492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Story of the Qur an Book Review:

This popular introduction by a well-known Islamic scholar has been updated and expanded, offering a balanced portrayal of the Qur’an and its place in historic and contemporary Muslim society. Features new sections on the Qur’an and its relationship to democracy, science, human rights, and the role of women Contains expanded sections on the Qur’an in the life cycle of Muslims, and in Islamic ethics and law Incorporates additional images and student features, including a glossary. Supported by an accompanying website (available on publication) hosting a range of additional material, including student resources, links to important websites, news stories, and more This title is also available as an eTextbook on the CourseSmart platform, as a Wiley Desktop Edition, or via your preferred eTextbook vendor; eTextbooks offer convenience, enhanced electronic functionality, and flexible pricing options – learn more at www.wiley.com/college/wileyflex

Secrets of the Koran

Secrets of the Koran
Author: Don Richardson
Publsiher: Baker Books
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-06-23
ISBN 10: 1441266976
ISBN 13: 9781441266972
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Secrets of the Koran Book Review:

Forget all those evening news sound bites or diplomatically correct half-truths about the Koran and the religion of Islam. If you want to know what the Koran is really about, you have to know what it really says. Don Richardson gives you a nitty-gritty inside look at the Koran, helping to separate fact from fiction. These hard-hitting observations are not the author's opinion based on what he thinks the Koran seems to imply. Muslim boys are indoctrinated in military camps. Madrasa schools force memorization and repetition of the Koran, particularly those verses that promise heavenly rewards for martyrdom. It took courage to write this serious, documented, and well-sourced book. But the price of truth is courage, regardless of one's religion.

Opening the Qur an

Opening the Qur an
Author: Walter H. Wagner
Publsiher: University of Notre Dame Pess
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2010-07-02
ISBN 10: 0268096546
ISBN 13: 9780268096540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Opening the Qur an Book Review:

Opening the Qur'an can be a bewildering experience to non-Muslim, English-speaking readers. Those who expect historical narratives, stories, or essays on morals are perplexed once they pass the beautiful first Surah, often shocked and then bogged down by Surah 2, and even offended by Surah 3’s strictures against nonbelievers. Walter H. Wagner “opens” the Qur’an by offering a comprehensive and extraordinarily readable, step-by-step introduction to the text, making it accessible to students, teachers, clergy, and general readers interested in Islam and Islam’s holy Book. Wagner first places the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an, and the early Muslim community in their historical, geographical, and theological contexts. This background is a basis for interpreting the Qur'an and understanding its role in later Muslim developments as well as for relationships between Muslims, Jews, and Christians. He then looks in detail at specific passages, moving from cherished devotional texts to increasingly difficult and provocative subjects. The selected bibliography serves as a resource for further reading and study. Woven into the discussion are references to Islamic beliefs and practices. Wagner shows great sensitivity toward the risks and opportunities for non-Muslims who attempt to interpret the Qur'an, and sympathy in the long struggle to build bridges of mutual trust and honest appreciation between Muslims and non-Muslims.

What The Koran Really Says

What The Koran Really Says
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Manas Publications
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9788170493136
ISBN 13: 8170493137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What The Koran Really Says Book Review:

Islam Has Worldwide Influence, And Even In The United States Is Experiencing A Period Of Unprecedented Growth. Islam And Its Sacred Book, The Koran, Have Been The Subject Of Voluminous Commentary And, Recently, Great Popular Interest; Yet It Has Rarely Received The Kind Of Objective Critical Scrutiny That Has Been Applied To The Texts Of The Bible For More Than A Century.Though Some Scholars Of Note Have Raised Crucial Questions About The Authenticity And Reliability Of The Koran And Muslim Tradition, Koranic Studies By And Large Have Failed To Take Advantage Of Critical Skeptical Methodologies. Today The Majority Of Interpreters Of Islam S Sacred Text Appear Content To Lie In The Procrustean Bed Prepared By Muslim Tradition More Than A Thousand Years Ago.

Muhammad and the Origins of Islam

Muhammad and the Origins of Islam
Author: Francis E. Peters
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780791418758
ISBN 13: 0791418758
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muhammad and the Origins of Islam Book Review:

An inquiry into the religious environment of the person Muslims hail as the "Envoy of God" and an attempt to trace his progress along the path from paganism to that distinctive form of monotheism called Islam.

The Hidden Origins of Islam

The Hidden Origins of Islam
Author: Karl-Heinz Ohlig,Gerd-R. Puin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39076002859820
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hidden Origins of Islam Book Review:

Based on the premise that reliable history can only be written on the basis of sources that are contemporary with the events described, the contributors to this in-depth investigation present research that reveals the obscure origins of Islam in a completely new light.

The Logic of Law Making in Islam

The Logic of Law Making in Islam
Author: Behnam Sadeghi
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-02-11
ISBN 10: 1139789252
ISBN 13: 9781139789257
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic of Law Making in Islam Book Review:

This pioneering study examines the process of reasoning in Islamic law. Some of the key questions addressed here include whether sacred law operates differently from secular law, why laws change or stay the same and how different cultural and historical settings impact the development of legal rulings. In order to explore these questions, the author examines the decisions of thirty jurists from the largest legal tradition in Islam: the Hanafi school of law. He traces their rulings on the question of women and communal prayer across a very broad period of time - from the eighth to the eighteenth century - to demonstrate how jurists interpreted the law and reconciled their decisions with the scripture and the sayings of the Prophet. The result is a fascinating overview of how Islamic law has evolved and the thinking behind individual rulings.