The Order Of The Synoptics
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Noted evangelical scholars present the best contemporary insights into the three dominant views on the origins of the Synoptic Gospels.
This monograph provides a "comprehensive history of the various arguments focusing on the order of pericopes in the Gospels to ascertain their original sequence of composition." - Editor's Foreward.
A lively, readable and up-to-date guide to the Synoptic Problem, ideal for undergraduate students, and the general reader.
When Stewart Petrie wrote in 1959 that 'the whole Synoptic question should be thrown back into the melting-pot', he was responding to what he saw as the fanciful and mutually contradictory attempts to solve a problem that had occupied New Testament scholars from the earliest days of biblical criticism. The 'Q' solution obscured more than it clarified, since there was no scholarly agreement on its extent, even on the assumption of its erstwhile existence. By means of its 'snap-shot' articles from the generation following Petrie s whimsical comments, this collection makes it possible to follow the course of the discussion in the subsequent forty years. Now, after a generation of study by many of the best scholarly minds, a consensus of sorts is beginning to emerge. Nonetheless, as Sharon Mattila s recent article shows, the question is 'A Problem Still Cloude', and the debate very much alive.
McKnight critiques various interpretive methods and suggests how students with some knowledge of Greek can benefit from different analyses.
This 1938 book reopened a question generally held to have been settled: the sources from which St John derived the material for his gospel. The accepted view, that used the narratives of Mark and Luke, Mr Gardner-Smith finds not proved, examining the gospel afresh in order to test this theory.
Scholars have long debated the "Synoptic Problem"-questions about why and how the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke share so much common material. Entering this important discussion that involves the trustworthiness of the Gospels, B. Ward Powers draws attention to the evidence pointing to Matthew's Gospel having been published progressively, with identifiable sections of his material then being seen and utilized by Luke. After both of these Gospels had been published in their current form, they together with the preaching of the Apostle Peter were the three sources used by Mark in producing a special-purpose Gospel for preachers and evangelists. The Progressive Publication of Matthew fleshes out this proposal, measuring it in detail against other hypotheses.
The Gospel of Thomas -- found in 1945 -- has been described as "without question the most significant Christian book discovered in modern times." Often Thomas is seen as a special independent witness to the earliest phase of Christianity and as evidence for the now-popular view that this earliest phase was a dynamic time of great variety and diversity. In contrast, Mark Goodacre makes the case that, instead of being an early, independent source, Thomas actually draws on the Synoptic Gospels as source material -- not to provide a clear narrative, but to assemble an enigmatic collection of mysterious, pithy sayings to unnerve and affect the reader. Goodacre supports his argument with illuminating analyses and careful comparisons of Thomas with Matthew and Luke. Watch the trailer:
The criteria for originality, priority, and authenticity, used in textual criticism, the study of the Synoptic Problem, and historical Jesus research, share one basic similarity: They were all designed to distinguish a prior tradition from its later developments. All these areas of research investigate the transmission process which involves both preservation and alternation. The sets of criteria used in one area are thus analogous to the sets of criteria used in the other two areas. This assumption can be confirmed by observing numerous instances of such similarity in these sets of criteria. On the basis of this assumption, many other instances of similarity may be newly attained by adapting the set of criteria used in one area for use in the other two areas. The sets of criteria for these three areas of research can be further generalized into a 'mother set' of criteria which will provide us with a degree of methodological unification in these disciplines.
Tradition and authorship - Self-witness of Matthew - Question of order and independence - Language - Apostolic transmission of the Gospel - Apostolic tradition: the message - The modern debate concerning ultimate origin - Self-revelation of Jesus Christ.
Volume One: The Gospels and Acts With typical thoroughness, Dr. Hiebert has produced this volume of his New Testament introductions. Though not a commentary on the gospels and Acts, the book presents their message along with a discussion of such questions as authorship, composition, and the Synoptic problem. Practical suggestions on how to study these five books are included. The bibliographies and annotated book lists are are extremely helpful for pastors, teachers, and laymen. Volume Two: The Pauline Epistles This is a detailed introduction to all of Paul's writings - epistles that without question are among the most precious treasures of the Christian church. Dr. Hiebert discusses the historical circumstances of their writing, deals with ethical problems, and provides helpful general information on the content and nature of the books themselves. Discussed in general and separately, these epistles are treated in chronological order, with emphasis on their eschatology, soteriology, Christology, or ecclesiology.
A close-up analysis of the synoptic gospels of the New Testament--Matthew, Mark, and Luke--explores the varying accounts of Jesus's life and discusses the history of biblical interpretation
A collection of papers from two international symposia by such important scholars as Aune, Dunn, Gerhardsson, Meyer, Rordorf and Talmon. The articles share the conviction that the only way to break the deadlock in the Synoptic problem is to examine the oral tradition about Jesus which lay behind the Gospels, and to continue even beyond them. The book addresses such central issues as the characteristics of oral tradition: oral tradition in Judaism, in the teaching of Jesus (his aphorisms and the narrative meshalim) and in the Gospel narratives; and the relationships of John, Paul and the Didache to oral tradition. This volume should bring onto a new plane the discussion of the all-important oral stage of Gospel tradition.