The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life
Author: Josef Neu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2021-01-13
ISBN 10: 0128206098
ISBN 13: 9780128206096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life Book Review:

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

Prenatal Stress and Child Development

Prenatal Stress and Child Development
Author: Ashley Wazana,Eszter Székely,Tim F. Oberlander
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 643
Release: 2021-04-19
ISBN 10: 3030601595
ISBN 13: 9783030601591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prenatal Stress and Child Development Book Review:

This book examines the complex impact of prenatal stress and the mechanism of its transmission on children’s development and well-being, including prenatal programming, epigenetics, infl ammatory processes, and the brain-gut microbiome. It analyzes current findings on prenatal stressors affecting pregnancy, including preconception stress, prenatal maternal depression, anxiety, and pregnancy-specific anxieties. Chapters explore how prenatal stress affects cognitive, affective, behavioral, and neurobiological development in children while pinpointing core processes of adaptation, resilience, and interventions that may reduce negative behaviors and promote optimal outcomes in children. Th is complex perspective on mechanisms by which early environmental influences interact with prenatal programming of susceptibility aims to inform clinical strategies and future research targeting prenatal stress and its cyclical impact on subsequent generations. Key areas of coverage include: The developmental effects of prenatal maternal stress on children. Epigenetic effects of prenatal stress. Intergenerational transmission of parental early life stress. The microbiome-gut-brain axis and the effects of prenatal stress on early neurodevelopment. The effect of prenatal stress on parenting. Gestational stress and resilience. Prenatal stress and children’s sleeping behavior. Prenatal, perinatal, and population-based interventions to prevent psychopathology. Prenatal Stress and Child Development is an essential resource for researchers, professors and graduate students as well as clinicians, therapists, and related professionals in infancy and early childhood development, maternal and child health, developmental psychology, pediatrics, social work, child and adolescent psychiatry, developmental neuroscience, and related behavioral and social sciences and medical disciplines. Excerpt from the foreword: “I would make the plea that in addition to anyone with an interest in child development, this book should be essential reading for researchers pursuing “pre-clinical, basic science models of neurodevelopment and brain health”.... This book provides what in my mind is the most advanced compilation of existing knowledge and state-of-the-art science in the field of prenatal psychiatry/psychology (and perhaps in the entire field of prenatal medicine). This volume can brilliantly serve to focus future directions in our understanding of the perinatal determinants of brain health.” Michael J Meaney James McGill Professor of Medicine Translational Neuroscience Programme Adjunct Professor of Paediatrics

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book
Author: Richard A. Polin,Steven H. Abman,David Rowitch,William E. Benitz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2050
Release: 2016-05-11
ISBN 10: 0323352324
ISBN 13: 9780323352321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book Book Review:

Fetal & Neonatal Physiology provides neonatologist fellows and physicians with the essential information they need to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage sick and premature infants. Fully comprehensive, this resource continues to serve as an excellent reference tool, focusing on the basic science needed for exam preparation and the key information required for full-time practice. The 5th edition is the most substantially updated and revised edition ever. In the 5 years since the last edition published, there have been thousands of publications on various aspects of development of health and disease; Fetal and Neonatal Physiology synthesizes this knowledge into definitive guidance for today's busy practitioner. Offers definitive guidance on how to effectively manage the many health problems seen in newborn and premature infants. Chapters devoted to clinical correlation help explain the implications of fetal and neonatal physiology. Allows you to apply the latest insights on genetic therapy, intrauterine infections, brain protection and neuroimaging, and much more. Features a fantastic new 4-color design with 1,000 illustrations, 170+ chapters, and over 350 contributors. 16 new chapters cover such hot topics as Epigenetics; Placental Function in Intrauterine Growth Restriction; Regulation of Pulmonary Circulation; The Developing Microbiome of the Fetus and Newborn; Hereditary Contribution to Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Mechanistic Aspects of Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Cerebellar Development; Pathophysiology of Neonatal Sepsis; Pathophysiology of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn; Pathophysiology of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome; Pathophysiology of Ventilator Dependent Infants; Pathophysiology of Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury; Pathophysiology of Neonatal White Matter Injury; Pathophysiology of Meningitis; Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia; and Pathophysiology of Chorioamnionitis. New Pathophysiology of Neonatal Diseases section highlights every process associated with a disease or injury, all in one place. In-depth information, combined with end-of-chapter summaries, enables deep or quick use of the text.

Yaffe and Aranda s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology

Yaffe and Aranda s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology
Author: Jacob V. Aranda
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1072
Release: 2020-11-05
ISBN 10: 1975112490
ISBN 13: 9781975112493
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Yaffe and Aranda s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology Book Review:

The premier comprehensive textbook in the field, Yaffe and Aranda’s Neonatal and Pediatric Pharmacology, Fifth Edition, provides an authoritative overview of all aspects of drug therapy in newborns, children, and adolescents. It offers evidence-based guidelines for safe, effective, and rational drug therapy, including specific recommendations for all major drug classes and diseases. Now in a vibrant two-color format, this fully revised reference is an indispensable resource for pediatricians, neonatologists, pediatric residents, and fellows in different pediatric subspecialties, including neonatal medicine and pediatric critical care.

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease  from pregnancy to childhood
Author: Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 9086868398
ISBN 13: 9789086868391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood Book Review:

This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book
Author: Richard A. Polin,Steven H. Abman,David Rowitch,William E. Benitz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2040
Release: 2021-07-29
ISBN 10: 0323712851
ISBN 13: 9780323712859
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book Book Review:

Offering the comprehensive, authoritative information needed for effective diagnosis, treatment, and management of sick and premature infants, Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, 6th Edition, is an invaluable resource for board review, clinical rounds, scientific research, and day-to-day practice. This trusted two-volume text synthesizes recent advances in the field into definitive guidance for today’s busy practitioner, focusing on the basic science needed for exam preparation and key information required for full-time practice. It stands alone as the most complete text available in this complex and fast-changing field, yet is easy to use for everyday application. Offers definitive guidance on how to effectively manage the many health problems seen in newborn and premature infants. Contains new chapters on Pathophysiology of Genetic Neonatal Disease, Genetic Variants and Neonatal Disease, and Developmental Biology of Lung Stem Cells, as well as significantly revised chapters on Cellular Mechanisms of Neonatal Brain Injury, Neuroprotective Therapeutic Hypothermia, Enteric Nervous System Development and Gastrointestinal Motility, and Physiology of Twin-Twin Transfusion. Features 1,000 full-color diagrams, graphs and anatomic illustrations, 170+ chapters, and more than 350 global contributors. Includes chapters devoted to clinical correlation that help explain the implications of fetal and neonatal physiology, as well as clinical applications boxes throughout. Provides summary boxes at the end of each chapter and extensive cross-referencing between chapters for quick reference and review. Allows you to apply the latest insights on genetic therapy, intrauterine infections, brain protection and neuroimaging, and much more.

Human Microbiome

Human Microbiome
Author: Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9811676720
ISBN 13: 9789811676727
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Microbiome Book Review:

The human microbiome refers to the complete microorganisms inhabiting the human body sites including skin, ear, nose, oral cavity, the genital, gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts, and body fluids such as breast milk, saliva, and urine. It is a significant and essential organ recognized for the body and has an established involvement in the host wellbeing, in terms of nutritional requirements and immunomodulation. This book talks about how alteration and imbalance in the same can have clinical implications associated with a multitude of gastrointestinal, lifestyle-associated, and neurodegenerative disorders. How the proliferation of specific groups of bacteria and their metabolic activities, as a result of intestinal dysbiosis leads to the 'leaky gut' condition thereby influences brain activity via the bidirectional gut-brain axis. It also coves the importance of microbial seeding and how it can be influenced by the mode of delivery, nutrition, and medication. This book also provides various therapeutic interventions such as the establishment of stool banks and Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) that have recently proved promising in the treatment of ASD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and Ulcerative Colitis. This book provides a deeper understanding of the development of the human gut microbiome and the factors driving its dysbiosis. This book is a valuable read for health professionals, medical students, nutritionists, and scientific research communities who are eager to update themselves with recent trends in microbiome research. It will also aid gastroenterologists and nutritionists to make well-informed choices regarding therapeutic regimes.

Neonatal Gastroenterology Challenges Controversies And Recent Advances An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology

Neonatal Gastroenterology  Challenges  Controversies And Recent Advances  An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology
Author: Sudarshan R. Jadcherla
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-06-21
ISBN 10: 032372079X
ISBN 13: 9780323720793
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neonatal Gastroenterology Challenges Controversies And Recent Advances An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology Book Review:

Together with Consulting Editor Dr. Lucky Jain, Dr. Sudarshan R. Jadcherla has put together a comprehensive issue devoted to neonatal gastroenterology. Expert authors have contributed clinical review articles on the following topics: Neonatal Aerodigestive Disorders: Epidemiology and Economic Burden; Feeding and Swallowing Difficulties in Neonates: Developmental Physiology and Pathophysiology; Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in the NICU Neonate: Controversies, Current Understanding and Future Directions; Feeding Difficulties and Tube-feeding Controversies in Complex Neonates: Evidence-Based Practices; Physiology and Pathological basis of Aerodigestive Difficulties in Chronic Lung Disease; Congenital Diarrheas in Infants: Pathophysiology, Consequences, and Potential Treatment Strategies; Short Gut syndrome: Recent Advances in Pathophysiology and Intestinal Support Practices; Neonatal Cholestasis in the Premature Infant: Approaches to Diagnosis and Management; Strategies for Prevention of TPN-related Liver Injury; Supplements and Additives to Human Milk: Principles and Practices, Current Controversies; Microbiome and Gut Injury in Neonates; Recent Advances in NEC Research: Strategies for Implementation in Clinical Practice; Transfusion-Related Gut Injury and NEC; Neonatal Endoscopy, Diagnosis and Intervention Procedures Crib-side; and Surgical Gastrointestinal Emergencies in Neonates: An overview. Readers will come away with the information they need to improve outcomes in the neonate.

Leifer s Introduction to Maternity Pediatric Nursing in Canada E Book

Leifer s Introduction to Maternity   Pediatric Nursing in Canada E Book
Author: Gloria Leifer,Lisa Keenan-Lindsay
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2019-09-06
ISBN 10: 177172207X
ISBN 13: 9781771722070
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leifer s Introduction to Maternity Pediatric Nursing in Canada E Book Book Review:

Gain a solid foundation in Canadian maternity and pediatric nursing! Written in a clear, concise, friendly style, Leifer’s Intro to Maternity & Pediatric Nursing in Canada, is the first Canadian edition of the best-selling Leifer textbook. Fully revised by author, Lisa Keenan-Lindsay, RN, MN, PNC(C), it includes Canadian statistics, terminology, references, guidelines, resources, Canadian nursing best practices, assessments, and more! It’s organized by developmental stages and includes discussions of pediatric disorders by body system from simple-to-complex and health-to-illness. With a rich focus on family health, this text contains exam-style review questions, case studies, and numerous other pedagogical features to give you the tools you need to successfully care for patients within the Canadian social and institutional context. Logical organization of content by simple-to-complex and health-to-illness, makes it easy for you to locate and access information. Health Promotion Considerations boxes focus on preventive strategies for achieving prenatal wellness, health during pregnancy, postpartum health, newborn health, and pediatric illness prevention and wellness---including Canadian immunization schedules for all ages. Unfolding Case Studies with open-ended critical thinking questions assess application of content to practice as you follow one family through conception and the birth process. Nursing Care Plans provide expected outcomes, interventions, and rationales for nursing interventions. Comprehensive coverage of over 35 skills, outlined in step-by-step format cover a wide range of maternal and pediatric nursing interventions. Focus on health promotion and illness prevention, covers women’s health issues, and growth and development of child and parent. Cultural considerations applied as they relate to maternal/infant, and pediatric care in detailed tables. Safety Alerts emphasize protecting patients, family, health care providers, and the public from accidents, medication errors, and the spread of disease. Nursing Tips throughout text provide you with pertinent information applicable in the clinical setting.

Microbiomes and Emerging Applications

Microbiomes and Emerging Applications
Author: Nwadiuto (Diuto) Esiobu,James C. Ogbonna,Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji,Olawole O. Obembe,Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu,Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim,Benjamin Ewa Ubi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2022-05-11
ISBN 10: 1000551075
ISBN 13: 9781000551075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiomes and Emerging Applications Book Review:

This book covers a range of important topics and recent advances in metagenomics, microbiomes and their emerging applications, including microbiota transplantation and its health implications. It also discusses microbiome composition and development in humans. The contributors of this volume provide detailed information on prebiotics and probiotics for enhanced human health. They also introduce microbiomes as the next frontiers in medicine, agriculture, industry and environment. A chapter is presented that discusses probiotic research studies in Nigeria and Canada that led to the discovery of Lactobacillus pentosus KCA1. The book contains timely knowledge and will be useful reference material for scientists and researchers working in the fields of food and agricultural biotechnology, biopharmaceuticals and medical biotechnology, fermentation technology, environmental biotechnology, microbiomes and microbial biotechnology and health care. Emphasizes recent advances in metagenomics and microbiomes and their emerging applications in medicine, agriculture, industry and environment Provides detailed information on prebiotics and probiotics for enhanced human health Introduces microbiomes as the next frontiers in medicine, agriculture, industry and environment Reviews microbiota transplantation, health implications and the way forward Discusses microbiome-epigenetic-host interactions essential for the physiological functions of the body in health and disease Nwadiuto (Diuto) Esiobu, Ph.D., is a Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA, and the President and Founder, of Applied Biotech Inc. and ABINL. James Chukwuma Ogbonna, Ph.D., is a Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology, and Director, National Biotechnology Development Agency, South East Zonal Biotechnology Centre, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology, and Director of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer, Edo State University Uzairue, Nigeria. Olawole O. Obembe, Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Biotechnology and UNESCO Chair, Plant Biotechnology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria. Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu, Ph.D., is a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Molecular Genetics in the Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim, Ph.D., is a Capacity Development Expert at the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology and Director, Biotechnology Research and Development Centre, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria..

Goldman Cecil Medicine E Book

Goldman Cecil Medicine E Book
Author: Lee Goldman,Andrew I. Schafer
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2100
Release: 2015-04-21
ISBN 10: 0323322859
ISBN 13: 9780323322850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Goldman Cecil Medicine E Book Book Review:

Since 1927, Goldman-Cecil Medicine has been the world’s most influential internal medicine resource. In the ground-breaking 25th edition, your original purchase ensures you will be up-to-date without the need for a subscription. Through the new, more powerful Expert Consult eBook platform, this "living text" provides continuous updates that will integrate the latest research, guidelines, and treatments into each chapter, ensuring that the content is as current as the day this edition was first published. Goldman-Cecil Medicine offers definitive, unbiased guidance on the evaluation and management of every medical condition, presented by a veritable "Who's Who" of modern medicine. A practical, straightforward style; templated organization; evidence-based references; and robust interactive content combine to make this dynamic resource quite simply the fastest and best place to find all of the authoritative, state-of-the-art clinical answers you need. Expert Consult eBook version included with print purchase: Access continuous updates from Editor Lee Goldman, MD, who thoroughly reviews internal medicine and specialty journals, updating online content to reflect the latest guidelines and translating that evidence into treatment. Interactive Q&A section features over 1,500 board-style questions and answers to aid in preparing for certification or recertification exams. Outstanding supplementary tools include figures, tables, videos, heart and lung sounds, treatment and management algorithms, fully integrated references, and thousands of illustrations and full-color photos. Search all of the text, figures, supplementary material, and references from the book on a variety of devices and at no additional cost — Expert Consult access is included with this title! Practical, bulleted, highly templated text with easy-to-use features including flow charts and treatment boxes. New chapters on global health, cancer biology and genetics, and the human microbiome in health and disease keep you on the cutting edge of medicine. Today's most current evidence-based medicine guidelines help you form a definitive diagnosis and create the best treatment plans possible. Focused coverage of the latest developments in biology includes the specifics of current diagnosis, therapy, and medication doses. The reference of choice for every stage of your career! Goldman-Cecil Medicine is an ideal learning tool for residents, physicians, and students as well as a valuable go-to resource for experienced healthcare professionals.

The Human Microbiome in Early Life

The Human Microbiome in Early Life
Author: Omry Koren,Samuli Rautava
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128180986
ISBN 13: 9780128180983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome in Early Life Book Review:

The Human Microbiome in Early Life: Implications to Health and Disease presents recent research advances that have highlighted the significance of early life, possibly beginning before birth, in the establishment of both the microbiome and its role in health and disease. The book reviews current knowledge on the origins of the human microbiota in early life, presents exposures which may disturb normal microbial colonization, and covers their implications to the risk of disease. Finally, emerging means to modify the early human microbiome to improve health are discussed. Examines the timeline of the human microbiome, from before conception to infancy, with an emphasis on clinical implications Evaluates the effort to understand not only the composition but also the origin of the microbiome Proves the emerging means to modify the human microbiome and particularly ‘the first 1000 days of life’ improve human health and prevent disease Generates resources to facilitate characterization of the human microbiota to further our understanding of how the microbiome impacts human health and disease

Maternal Fetal Neonatal Physiology E Book

Maternal  Fetal    Neonatal Physiology   E Book
Author: Susan Blackburn
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2017-10-12
ISBN 10: 0323473954
ISBN 13: 9780323473958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maternal Fetal Neonatal Physiology E Book Book Review:

Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology - E-Book

Nutrition in Infancy

Nutrition in Infancy
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,George Grimble,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 162703224X
ISBN 13: 9781627032247
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutrition in Infancy Book Review:

Nutrition in Infancy: Volume 1 is a very useful resource for all clinicians treating and preventing nutritional problems in infants. This volume covers a wide range of topics that support wellness in infants through the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, malnutrition, and developmental and genetic abnormalities. A variety of chapters deal with nutrients for infants with disabilities, surgery, and other special needs. Special emphasis is provided for clinicians treating the millions of children in developing countries whose death is promoted by undernutrition or malnutrition. The next sections discuss the health benefits of supplementation and breast feeding and methods to improve use of berast feeding and it’s duration. In Nutrition in Infancy: Volume 1, all of these facets of nutrition and nutritional therapy are covered in a precise and practical way. The latest developments in diagnostic procedures and nutritional support are also included. Written by a group of international experts, this volume is an indispensable new reference for clinicians with an interest in the nutrition and health of pregnant mothers and their infants.

The Neonatal Immune System A Unique Host Microbial Interface

The Neonatal Immune System  A Unique Host Microbial Interface
Author: Joseph M. Bliss,James L. Wynn
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-01-25
ISBN 10: 2889454037
ISBN 13: 9782889454037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neonatal Immune System A Unique Host Microbial Interface Book Review:

Emerging from the protective environment of the uterus, the newborn is exposed to a myriad of microbes, and quickly establishes a complex microbiome that shapes the infant’s biology in ways that are only now beginning to come to light. Among these exposures are a number of potential pathogens. The host responses to these pathogens in the neonatal period are unique, reflecting a developing immune system even with delivery at term. Preterm infants are delivered at a time when host defense mechanisms are even less developed and therefore face additional risk. As such, the organisms that cause disease in this period are different from the pathogens that are common in other age groups, or the disease they cause manifests in more severe fashion. Developmental alterations in both innate and adaptive immune responses in neonates have been documented among many cell types and pathways over the last several decades. Contemporary insights into the human immune system and methodologies that allow an “omics” approach to these questions have continued to provide new information regarding the mechanisms that underlie the human neonate as an “immunocompromised host.” This Research Topic highlights studies related to this unique host-pathogen interface. Contributions include those related to the innate or adaptive immune system of neonates, their response to microbial colonization or infection, and/or the pathogenesis of microbes causing disease in neonates.

Effects of Early Life Stress on Neurodevelopment and Health Bridging the Gap Between Human Clinical Studies and Animal Models

Effects of Early Life Stress on Neurodevelopment and Health  Bridging the Gap Between Human Clinical Studies and Animal Models
Author: Arie Kaffman,Ryan Herringa,Mar Sanchez
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-12-01
ISBN 10: 2889717577
ISBN 13: 9782889717576
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effects of Early Life Stress on Neurodevelopment and Health Bridging the Gap Between Human Clinical Studies and Animal Models Book Review:

The microbiome Interactions with organ systems diet and genetics An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Ebook

The microbiome  Interactions with organ systems  diet  and genetics  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America  Ebook
Author: Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-08-09
ISBN 10: 0323679013
ISBN 13: 9780323679015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The microbiome Interactions with organ systems diet and genetics An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Ebook Book Review:

In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days
Author: Crystal D Karakochuk,Kyly C. Whitfield,Tim J Green,Klaus Kraemer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2017-09-22
ISBN 10: 1351648993
ISBN 13: 9781351648998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days Book Review:

The first 1,000 days, from conception to two years of age, is a critical period of growth and development. Exposures to dietary, environmental, hormonal, and other stressors during this window have been associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, some of which are irreversible. The book addresses this crucial interval of early life across biological disciplines, linking concepts related to all biological fields to outcomes during the first 1,000 days (e.g. fetal growth and pregnancy outcomes) and beyond (e.g. gut microbiome and cardiovascular disease later in life). The strength of this book lies in its cross-disciplinary nature.

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction
Author: Tony M. Plant,Anthony J. Zeleznik
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 2684
Release: 2014-11-15
ISBN 10: 012397769X
ISBN 13: 9780123977694
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction Book Review:

The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.

Adiposity

Adiposity
Author: Jan Gordeladze
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-03-22
ISBN 10: 953512997X
ISBN 13: 9789535129974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adiposity Book Review:

This book is the second in a series of two, featuring the Adiposity - Omics and Molecular Understanding, serving as an introduction to modern views on how the adipocytes are reciprocally interacting with organ systems in order to explain the biology of the body's fat cells and how they are integrated with other organ systems, like muscle cells and the liver, in order to control the lipid metabolism in our bodies, to finally preserve a positive balance between white and brown/beige adipocyte tissues (WAT and BAT). The understanding of the "omics" of obesity will therefore enable clinicians and researchers to better pursue the untoward incidents of metabolic deviations from a defined and health-bringing homeostasis, with fully responding WAT and BAT, being able to preserve a healthy balance between fat-producing and fat-metabolizing tissues for the benefit of the host, and thus longevity (optimal health with healthy, well-functioning organ systems) throughout a lifetime.