The Landscape of History

The Landscape of History
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780195171570
ISBN 13: 0195171578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Landscape of History Book Review:

What is history and why should we study it? Is there such a thing as historical truth? Is history a science? One of the most accomplished historians at work today, John Lewis Gaddis, answers these and other questions in this short, witty, and humane book. The Landscape of History provides a searching look at the historian's craft, as well as a strong argument for why a historical consciousness should matter to us today. Gaddis points out that while the historical method is more sophisticated than most historians realize, it doesn't require unintelligible prose to explain. Like cartographers mapping landscapes, historians represent what they can never replicate. In doing so, they combine the techniques of artists, geologists, paleontologists, and evolutionary biologists. Their approaches parallel, in intriguing ways, the new sciences of chaos, complexity, and criticality. They don't much resemble what happens in the social sciences, where the pursuit of independent variables functioning with static systems seems increasingly divorced from the world as we know it. So who's really being scientific and who isn't? This question too is one Gaddis explores, in ways that are certain to spark interdisciplinary controversy. Written in the tradition of Marc Bloch and E.H. Carr, The Landscape of History is at once an engaging introduction to the historical method for beginners, a powerful reaffirmation of it for practitioners, a startling challenge to social scientists, and an effective skewering of post-modernist claims that we can't know anything at all about the past. It will be essential reading for anyone who reads, writes, teaches, or cares about history.

The Cold War

The Cold War
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2011-12-01
ISBN 10: 0241958717
ISBN 13: 9780241958711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cold War Book Review:

In 1950, when Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh and Kim Il-Sung met in Moscow to discuss the future, they had reason to feel optimistic. International Communism seemed everywhere on the offensive: all of Eastern Europe was securely in the Soviet camp; America's monopoly on nuclear weapons was a thing of the past; and Mao's forces had assumed control over the world's most populous country. The story of the previous five decades was one of the worst fears confirmed, and there seemed as of 1950 little sign, at least to the West, that the next fifty years would be any less dark. In fact, of course, the century's end brought the widespread triumph of political and economic freedom over its ideological enemies. In The Cold War, John Lewis Gaddis makes a major contribution to our understanding of this epochal story. Beginning with the Second World War and ending with the collapse of the Soviet Union, he provides a thrilling account of the strategic dynamics that drove the age. Now, as Britain once more finds itself in a global confrontation with an implacable ideological enemy, The Cold War tells a story whose lessons it is vitally necessary to understand.

Historical GIS Research in Canada

Historical GIS Research in Canada
Author: Marcel Fortin,Jennifer Bonnell
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 9781552387085
ISBN 13: 1552387089
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical GIS Research in Canada Book Review:

Fundamentally concerned with place, and our ability to understand human relationships with environment over time, Historical Geographic Information Systems (HGIS) as a tool and a subject has direct bearing for the study of contemporary environmental issues and realities. To date, HGIS projects in Canada are few and publications that discuss these projects directly even fewer. This book brings together case studies of HGIS projects in historical geography, social and cultural history, and environmental history from Canada's diverse regions. Projects include religion and ethnicity, migration, indigenous land practices, rebuilding a nineteenth-century neighborhood, and working with Google Earth.With contributions by:Colleen BeardStephen BockingJennifer BonnellJim CliffordJoanna DeanFrançois DufauxPatrick A. DunaeMarcel FortinJason GillilandWilliam M. GlenMegan HarveyMatthew G. HatvanySally HermansenAndrew HinsonDon LafreniereJohn S. LutzJoshua D. MacFadyenDaniel MacfarlaneJennifer MarvinCameron MetcalfByron MoldofskySherry OlsonJon PasherDaniel RueckR. W. SandwellHenry YuBarbara Znamirowski

Understanding Cyber Conflict

Understanding Cyber Conflict
Author: George Perkovich,Ariel E. Levite
Publsiher: Georgetown University Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-11
ISBN 10: 1626164983
ISBN 13: 9781626164987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Cyber Conflict Book Review:

Cyber weapons and the possibility of cyber conflict—including interference in foreign political campaigns, industrial sabotage, attacks on infrastructure, and combined military campaigns—require policymakers, scholars, and citizens to rethink twenty-first-century warfare. Yet because cyber capabilities are so new and continually developing, there is little agreement about how they will be deployed, how effective they can be, and how they can be managed. Written by leading scholars, the fourteen case studies in this volume will help policymakers, scholars, and students make sense of contemporary cyber conflict through historical analogies to past military-technological problems. The chapters are divided into three groups. The first—What Are Cyber Weapons Like?—examines the characteristics of cyber capabilities and how their use for intelligence gathering, signaling, and precision striking compares with earlier technologies for such missions. The second section—What Might Cyber Wars Be Like?—explores how lessons from several wars since the early nineteenth century, including the World Wars, could apply—or not—to cyber conflict in the twenty-first century. The final section—What Is Preventing and/or Managing Cyber Conflict Like?—offers lessons from past cases of managing threatening actors and technologies.

Method and Meaning in Canadian Environmental History

Method and Meaning in Canadian Environmental History
Author: Alan Andrew MacEachern,William J. Turkel
Publsiher: Nelson Canada
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9780176441166
ISBN 13: 0176441166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Method and Meaning in Canadian Environmental History Book Review:

Russia the Soviet Union and the United States

Russia  the Soviet Union  and the United States
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: New York : Wiley
Total Pages: 309
Release: 1978
ISBN 10: 9780471289111
ISBN 13: 0471289116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Russia the Soviet Union and the United States Book Review:

Forfatteren er professor i historie ved Ohio University. Gennemgår og forklarer de vekslende relationer mellem de to magter siden 1781.

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics Updated Edition

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics  Updated Edition
Author: John J. Mearsheimer
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2003-01-17
ISBN 10: 9780393076240
ISBN 13: 0393076245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics Updated Edition Book Review:

"A superb book.…Mearsheimer has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the behavior of great powers."—Barry R. Posen, The National Interest The updated edition of this classic treatise on the behavior of great powers takes a penetrating look at the question likely to dominate international relations in the twenty-first century: Can China rise peacefully? In clear, eloquent prose, John Mearsheimer explains why the answer is no: a rising China will seek to dominate Asia, while the United States, determined to remain the world's sole regional hegemon, will go to great lengths to prevent that from happening. The tragedy of great power politics is inescapable.

Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education

Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education
Author: Mario Carretero,Stefan Berger,Maria Grever
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2017-03-07
ISBN 10: 1137529083
ISBN 13: 9781137529084
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education Book Review:

This volume comprises a broad interdisciplinary examination of the many different approaches by which contemporary scholars record our history. The editors provide a comprehensive overview through thirty-eight chapters divided into four parts: a) Historical Culture and Public Uses of History; b) The Appeal of the Nation in History Education of Postcolonial Societies; c) Reflections on History Learning and Teaching; d) Educational Resources: Curricula, Textbooks and New Media. This unique text integrates contributions of researchers from history, education, collective memory, museum studies, heritage, social and cognitive psychology, and other social sciences, stimulating an interdisciplinary dialogue. Contributors come from various countries of Northern and Southern America, Europe and Asia, providing an international perspective that does justice to the complexity of this field of study. The Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education provides state-of-the-art research, focussing on how citizens and societies make sense of the past through different ways of representing it.

Surprise Security and the American Experience

Surprise  Security  and the American Experience
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780674018365
ISBN 13: 0674018362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surprise Security and the American Experience Book Review:

Attempts to provide an answer to the question of how successful the Bush administration's grand strategy, set in nineteenth-century foundations, will be in the face of twenty-first-century national security challenges.

The United States and the End of the Cold War

The United States and the End of the Cold War
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1994-04-28
ISBN 10: 0190282118
ISBN 13: 9780190282110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The United States and the End of the Cold War Book Review:

The Cold War ended with an exhilarating wave of events: the toppling of the Berlin Wall, the rise of the dissident poet Vaclav Havel, the revolution in Romania. Americans rejoiced at the dramatic conclusion of the long struggle. "But victories in wars--hot or cold--tend to unfocus the mind," writes John Gaddis. "It can be a dangerous thing to have achieved one's objectives, because one then has to decide what to do next." In The United States and the End of the Cold War, Gaddis provides a sharp focus on the long history of the Cold War, shedding new light on its sudden ending, as well as on what might come next. In this provocative, insightful book, Gaddis offers a number of thoughtful essays on the history of international relations during the last half century. His reassessments of important figures and themes from the Cold War are sometimes surprising. For example, he portrays John Foster Dulles and Ronald Reagan as far more flexible and perceptive statesmen than the missile-toting caricatures depicted in editorial cartoons. And he takes a second look at the importance of espionage and intelligence in Cold War history, a field often left to buffs and spy novelists. Most important, he focuses on the central elements in superpower relations. In an eloquent account of the American style of foreign policy in the twentieth century, for instance, he explores how Americans (having learned the lesson of Adolf Hitler) consistently equated the forms of foreign governments with their external behavior, assuming that authoritarian states would be aggressive states. He also analyzes the "tectonics" of Cold War history, demonstrating how long term changes in international affairs and Soviet bloc countries built up pressures that led to the sudden earthquakes of 1989. And along the way, Gaddis illuminates such topics as the role of morality in American foreign policy, the relevance of nuclear weapons to the balance of power, and the objectives of containment. He even includes (and criticizes) an essay entitled, "How the Cold War Might End," written before the dramatic events of recent years, to demonstrate how quickly the tide of history can overwhelm contemporary analysis. Gaddis concludes with a thoughtful consideration of the problems and forces at work in the post-Cold War world. Author of such works as The Long Peace and Strategies of Containment, John Lewis Gaddis is one of the leading authorities on postwar American foreign policy. In these perceptive, highly readable essays, he provides a fresh assessment of the evolution of the Cold War, and insight into the shape of things to come.

The Aesthetics of Middlebrow Fiction

The Aesthetics of Middlebrow Fiction
Author: Tom Perrin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2015-08-05
ISBN 10: 1137523956
ISBN 13: 9781137523952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aesthetics of Middlebrow Fiction Book Review:

During the Cold War, many popular American novels were labelled "middlebrow," leading to a general belief that these texts held less intellectual merit. Perrin debunks these unfair assumptions through works by James Michener, Harper Lee, and Leon Uris, arguing that such writers made a major contribution to the tradition of American literature.

Plunder

Plunder
Author: Ugo Mattei,Laura Nader
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2008-04-30
ISBN 10: 0470695803
ISBN 13: 9780470695807
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plunder Book Review:

Plunder examines the dark side of the Rule of Law and explores how it has been used as a powerful political weapon by Western countries in order to legitimize plunder – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones. Challenges traditionally held beliefs in the sanctity of the Rule of Law by exposing its dark side Examines the Rule of Law's relationship with 'plunder' – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones – in the service of Western cultural and economic domination Provides global examples of plunder: of oil in Iraq; of ideas in the form of Western patents and intellectual property rights imposed on weaker peoples; and of liberty in the United States Dares to ask the paradoxical question – is the Rule of Law itself illegal?

International Commissions and the Power of Ideas

International Commissions and the Power of Ideas
Author: Ramesh Chandra Thakur,Andrew Fenton Cooper,John English
Publsiher: United Nations University Press
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 928081110X
ISBN 13: 9789280811100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Commissions and the Power of Ideas Book Review:

This book assesses how international commissions have shaped, and even reshaped, our understanding of international affairs and the international discourse on a wide range of global issues. These issues include the global economic order and the discrepancies in wealth between economies in the North and the South; international security and the utility of nuclear weapons; and environmentalism and the demands of economic growth. More recently, international commissions have examined whether the international community will ever accept the idea that military intervention is a legitimate option when confronted by the possibility of genocide and mass human rights violations against whole populations. The varying experiences and influences of eight separate international commissions are scrutinised: Brandt, Palme, Brundtland, the Commission on Global Governance, Canberra, the World Commission on Dams, the Kosovo Commission and the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS). Few scholars and practitioners would suggest that international commissions offer perfect solutions to some of the contemporary problems of their time. But this book offers strong support for the argument that ideas matter as key agents in the evolution of global governance. International commissions can often act as the mechanism that brings ideas and institutions together.

The Cold War

The Cold War
Author: John Lewis Gaddis
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2006-12-26
ISBN 10: 1440684502
ISBN 13: 9781440684500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cold War Book Review:

The “dean of Cold War historians” (The New York Times) now presents the definitive account of the global confrontation that dominated the last half of the twentieth century. Drawing on newly opened archives and the reminiscences of the major players, John Lewis Gaddis explains not just what happened but why—from the months in 1945 when the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. went from alliance to antagonism to the barely averted holocaust of the Cuban Missile Crisis to the maneuvers of Nixon and Mao, Reagan and Gorbachev. Brilliant, accessible, almost Shakespearean in its drama, The Cold War stands as a triumphant summation of the era that, more than any other, shaped our own. Gaddis is also the author of On Grand Strategy.

President Kennedy

President Kennedy
Author: Richard Reeves
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2011-11-08
ISBN 10: 1439127549
ISBN 13: 9781439127544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

President Kennedy Book Review:

President Kennedy is the compelling, dramatic history of JFK's thousand days in office. It illuminates the presidential center of power by providing an indepth look at the day-by-day decisions and dilemmas of the thirty-fifth president as he faced everything from the threat of nuclear war abroad to racial unrest at home.

Research Methods in International Business

Research Methods in International Business
Author: Lorraine Eden,Bo Bernhard Nielsen,Alain Verbeke
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 303022113X
ISBN 13: 9783030221133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Methods in International Business Book Review:

Showcasing methodological rigour and state-of-the-art methods as hallmarks of modern international business (IB) research, this book offers a collection of the most relevant and highly cited research methods articles from the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS). Each piece is accompanied by a new Commentary written by experts in the field; some also include Further Reflections by the original authors. Encompassing both qualitative and quantitative approaches, this comprehensive volume explores research design, testing and reporting, as well as specific methodological issues such as endogeneity, common method variance, and theorising from case studies. With recommendations for best practices relating to interaction effects, hypothesis testing, and replicability, this book is a unique and up-to-date reference source on the latest research methods and practices in international business. The book will also be essential reading for those studying any sub-discipline of IB research, including international economics, entrepreneurship, finance, management and marketing.

Counterfactual History and Bosnia Herzegovina

Counterfactual History and Bosnia Herzegovina
Author: Stian Nordengen Christensen
Publsiher: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN 10: 8283481037
ISBN 13: 9788283481037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterfactual History and Bosnia Herzegovina Book Review:

Charting the Future of Translation History

Charting the Future of Translation History
Author: Paul F. Bandia,Georges L. Bastin
Publsiher: University of Ottawa Press
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2006-07-28
ISBN 10: 0776615610
ISBN 13: 9780776615615
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Charting the Future of Translation History Book Review:

Over the last 30 years there has been a substantial increase in the study of the history of translation. Both well-known and lesser-known specialists in translation studies have worked tirelessly to give the history of translation its rightful place. Clearly, progress has been made, and the history of translation has become a viable independent research area. This book aims at claiming such autonomy for the field with a renewed vigour. It seeks to explore issues related to methodology as well as a variety of discourses on history with a view to laying the groundwork for new avenues, new models, new methods. It aspires to challenge existing theoretical and ideological frameworks. It looks toward the future of history. It is an attempt to address shortcomings that have prevented translation history from reaching its full disciplinary potential. From microhistory, archaeology, periodization, to issues of subjectivity and postmodernism, methodological lacunae are being filled. Contributors to this volume go far beyond the text to uncover the role translation has played in many different times and settings such as Europe, Africa, Latin America, the Middle-east and Asia from the 6th century to the 20th. These contributions, which deal variously with the discourses on methodology and history, recast the discipline of translation history in a new light and pave the way to the future of research and teaching in the field.

Cultural Severance and the Environment

Cultural Severance and the Environment
Author: Ian D. Rotherham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 447
Release: 2013-05-09
ISBN 10: 9400761597
ISBN 13: 9789400761599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cultural Severance and the Environment Book Review:

This major book explores commons, lands and rights of usage in common, traditional and customary practices, and the cultural nature of ‘landscapes’. Importantly, it addresses now critical matters of ‘cultural severance’ and largely unrecognized impacts on biodiversity and human societies, and implications for conservation, sustainability, and local economies. The book takes major case studies and perspectives from around the world, to address contemporary issues and challenges from historical and ecological perspectives. The book developed from major international conferences and collaborations over around fifteen years, culminating ‘The End of Tradition?’ in Sheffield, UK, 2010. The chapters are from individuals who are both academic researchers and practitioners. These ideas are now influencing bodies like the EU, UNESCO, and FAO, with recognition by major organisations and stakeholders, of the critical state of the environment consequent on cultural severance.

Tactical Nuclear Weapons and NATO

Tactical Nuclear Weapons and NATO
Author: Thomas M. Nichols,Douglas T. Stuart,Jeffrey D. McCausland
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2012
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C083537853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tactical Nuclear Weapons and NATO Book Review:

Is understudied, both inside and outside of government. Tactical weapons, although less awesome than their strategic siblings, carry significant security and political risks, and they have not received the attention that is commensurate to their importance. Second, it is clear that whatever the future of these arms, the status quo is unacceptable. It is past the time for NATO to make more resolute decisions, find a coherent strategy, and formulate more definite plans about its nuclear status. Consequently, decisions about the role of nuclear weapons within the Alliance and the associated supporting analysis are fundamental to the future identity of NATO. At the Lisbon Summit in Portugal in November 2010, the Alliance agreed to conduct the Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (DDPR). This effort is designed to answer these difficult questions prior to the upcoming NATO Summit in May 2012.