The Human Microbiome in Early Life

The Human Microbiome in Early Life
Author: Omry Koren,Samuli Rautava
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128180986
ISBN 13: 9780128180983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome in Early Life Book Review:

The Human Microbiome in Early Life: Implications to Health and Disease presents recent research advances that have highlighted the significance of early life, possibly beginning before birth, in the establishment of both the microbiome and its role in health and disease. The book reviews current knowledge on the origins of the human microbiota in early life, presents exposures which may disturb normal microbial colonization, and covers their implications to the risk of disease. Finally, emerging means to modify the early human microbiome to improve health are discussed. Examines the timeline of the human microbiome, from before conception to infancy, with an emphasis on clinical implications Evaluates the effort to understand not only the composition but also the origin of the microbiome Proves the emerging means to modify the human microbiome and particularly ‘the first 1000 days of life’ improve human health and prevent disease Generates resources to facilitate characterization of the human microbiota to further our understanding of how the microbiome impacts human health and disease

The Human Microbiome Diet and Health

The Human Microbiome  Diet  and Health
Author: Food Forum,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 161
Release: 2013-02-27
ISBN 10: 030926586X
ISBN 13: 9780309265867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome Diet and Health Book Review:

The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days
Author: Crystal D Karakochuk,Kyly C. Whitfield,Tim J Green,Klaus Kraemer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2017-09-22
ISBN 10: 1351648993
ISBN 13: 9781351648998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biology of the First 1 000 Days Book Review:

The first 1,000 days, from conception to two years of age, is a critical period of growth and development. Exposures to dietary, environmental, hormonal, and other stressors during this window have been associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, some of which are irreversible. The book addresses this crucial interval of early life across biological disciplines, linking concepts related to all biological fields to outcomes during the first 1,000 days (e.g. fetal growth and pregnancy outcomes) and beyond (e.g. gut microbiome and cardiovascular disease later in life). The strength of this book lies in its cross-disciplinary nature.

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease
Author: Dirk Haller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2018-07-27
ISBN 10: 3319905457
ISBN 13: 9783319905457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease Book Review:

The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. In addition the most common diseases associated to the composition of the gut flora are discussed in detail. The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology.

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease
Author: Luigi Nibali,Brian Henderson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-09-26
ISBN 10: 1118982878
ISBN 13: 9781118982877
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease Book Review:

Microbiota-associated pathology can be a direct result of changes in general bacterial composition, such as might be found in periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis, and/or as the result of colonization and/or overgrowth of so called keystone species. The disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota, or dysbiosis, plays an integral role in human health and human disease. The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease: Dysbioses as a Cause of Human Pathology discusses the role of the microbiota in maintaining human health. The text introduces the reader to the biology of microbial dysbiosis and its potential role in both bacterial disease and in idiopathic chronic disease states. Divided into five sections, the text delineates the concept of the human bacterial microbiota with particular attention being paid to the microbiotae of the gut, oral cavity and skin. A key methodology for exploring the microbiota, metagenomics, is also described. The book then shows the reader the cellular, molecular and genetic complexities of the bacterial microbiota, its myriad connections with the host and how these can maintain tissue homeostasis. Chapters then consider the role of dysbioses in human disease states, dealing with two of the commonest bacterial diseases of humanity – periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis. The composition of some, if not all microbiotas can be controlled by the diet and this is also dealt with in this section. The discussion moves on to the major ‘idiopathic’ diseases afflicting humans, and the potential role that dysbiosis could play in their induction and chronicity. The book then concludes with the therapeutic potential of manipulating the microbiota, introducing the concepts of probiotics, prebiotics and the administration of healthy human faeces (faecal microbiota transplantation), and then hypothesizes as to the future of medical treatment viewed from a microbiota-centric position. Provides an introduction to dysbiosis, or a disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota Explains how microbiota-associated pathology and other chronic diseases can result from changes in general bacterial composition Explores the relationship humans have with their microbiota, and its significance in human health and disease Covers host genetic variants and their role in the composition of human microbial biofilms, integral to the relationship between human health and human disease Authored and edited by leaders in the field, The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease will be an invaluable resource for clinicians, pathologists, immunologists, cell and molecular biologists, biochemists, and system biologists studying cellular and molecular bases of human diseases.

Welcome to the Microbiome

Welcome to the Microbiome
Author: Rob DeSalle,Susan L. Perkins
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2015-11-10
ISBN 10: 0300216327
ISBN 13: 9780300216325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Welcome to the Microbiome Book Review:

Suddenly, research findings require a paradigm shift in our view of the microbial world. The Human Microbiome Project at the National Institutes of Health is well under way, and unprecedented scientific technology now allows the censusing of trillions of microbes inside and on our bodies as well as in the places where we live, work, and play. This intriguing, up-to-the-minute book for scientists and nonscientists alike explains what researchers are discovering about the microbe world and what the implications are for modern science and medicine. Rob DeSalle and Susan Perkins illuminate the long, intertwined evolution of humans and microbes. They discuss how novel DNA sequencing has shed entirely new light on the complexity of microbe-human interactions, and they examine the potential benefits to human health: amazing possibilities for pinpoint treatment of infections and other illnesses without upsetting the vital balance of an individual microbiome. This book has been inspired by an exhibition, The Secret World Inside You: The Microbiome, at the American Museum of Natural History, which will open in New York in early November 2015 and run until August 2016. It will then travel to other museums in the United States and abroad.

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk

Environmental Chemicals  the Human Microbiome  and Health Risk
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Advancing Understanding of the Implications of Environmental-Chemical Interactions with the Human Microbiome
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-01-29
ISBN 10: 0309468728
ISBN 13: 9780309468725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk Book Review:

A great number of diverse microorganisms inhabit the human body and are collectively referred to as the human microbiome. Until recently, the role of the human microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, research is beginning to elucidate associations between perturbations in the human microbiome and human disease and the factors that might be responsible for the perturbations. Studies have indicated that the human microbiome could be affected by environmental chemicals or could modulate exposure to environmental chemicals. Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk presents a research strategy to improve our understanding of the interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome and the implications of those interactions for human health risk. This report identifies barriers to such research and opportunities for collaboration, highlights key aspects of the human microbiome and its relation to health, describes potential interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome, reviews the risk-assessment framework and reasons for incorporating chemicalâ€"microbiome interactions.

Adiposity

Adiposity
Author: Jan Gordeladze
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-03-22
ISBN 10: 953512997X
ISBN 13: 9789535129974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adiposity Book Review:

This book is the second in a series of two, featuring the Adiposity - Omics and Molecular Understanding, serving as an introduction to modern views on how the adipocytes are reciprocally interacting with organ systems in order to explain the biology of the body's fat cells and how they are integrated with other organ systems, like muscle cells and the liver, in order to control the lipid metabolism in our bodies, to finally preserve a positive balance between white and brown/beige adipocyte tissues (WAT and BAT). The understanding of the "omics" of obesity will therefore enable clinicians and researchers to better pursue the untoward incidents of metabolic deviations from a defined and health-bringing homeostasis, with fully responding WAT and BAT, being able to preserve a healthy balance between fat-producing and fat-metabolizing tissues for the benefit of the host, and thus longevity (optimal health with healthy, well-functioning organ systems) throughout a lifetime.

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease  from pregnancy to childhood
Author: Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 9086868398
ISBN 13: 9789086868391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood Book Review:

This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.

Human Microbes The Power Within

Human Microbes   The Power Within
Author: Vasu D. Appanna
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2018-02-05
ISBN 10: 9811076847
ISBN 13: 9789811076848
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Microbes The Power Within Book Review:

This book offers a unique perspective on the invisible organ, a body part that has been visualized only recently. It guides the readers into the world of the microbial constituents that make humans the way they are. The vitamins they produce, the smell they generate, the signals they create, and the molecular guards they elaborate are some of the benefits they bestow on humans. After introducing the notion as to why microbes are an integral component in the development of humans, the book examines the genesis of the microbiome and describes how the resident bacteria work in partnership with the skin, digestive tract, sexual organs, mouth and lungs to execute vital physiological functions. It then discusses the diseases that are triggered by the disruption of the harmonious relationships amongst these diverse systems and provides microbial cures to ailments such as obesity and digestive complications. Finally, the book focuses on the future when the workings of the human microbes will be fully unravelled. Societal changes in health education, the establishment of the microbiome bank, the fight against hunger, space travel, designer traits and enhanced security are explained. Each chapter is accompanied by captivating illustrations and ends with a visual summary. Dr. Appanna has been researching for over 30 years on various aspects of microbial and human cellular systems. He is a professor of biochemistry and has also served as Department Chair and Dean of the Faculty at Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada. The book is aimed at readers enrolled in medical, chiropractic, nursing, pharmacy, and health science programs. Practicing health-care professionals and continuing education learners will also find the content beneficial.

The Convergence of Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases

The Convergence of Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020-01-02
ISBN 10: 0309496144
ISBN 13: 9780309496148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Convergence of Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases Book Review:

On June 11 and June 12, 2019, the National Academies convened a workshop to explore the growing understanding of how the interplay between humans and microbes affects host physiology and causes noncommunicable diseases. Discussions included an overview of colliding epidemics, emerging research on associations between infectious and noncommunicable diseases, risks posed by chronic diseases to the development and severity of infectious diseases, and the influence of the microbiome. Workshop participants also examined the challenges and opportunities of convergence, the integration of health care delivery models and interventions, potential approaches for research, policy, and practice in the immediate-term, and potential directions for the long-term. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Microbiome in Human Health and Disease

Microbiome in Human Health and Disease
Author: Pallaval Veera Bramhachari
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9811631565
ISBN 13: 9789811631566
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiome in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

The Human Microbiome

The Human Microbiome
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1255705414
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiome Book Review:

Missing Microbes

Missing Microbes
Author: Martin Blaser
Publsiher: Harper Collins
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2014-04-08
ISBN 10: 1443420255
ISBN 13: 9781443420259
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Missing Microbes Book Review:

A critical call to arms about the harmful effects of some of our most revered modern medical practices. Welcome to the wilds of the microbiome, where for hundreds of thousands of years bacterial and human cells have co-existed in a peaceful symbiosis that is responsible for the equilibrium and health of our bodies. But now this invisible Eden is under assault. Our overreliance on medical advances such as antibiotics and Cesarean sections is threatening the extinction of these irreplaceable microbes and leading to severe health problems. In Missing Microbes, Dr. Martin Blaser goes back to the discovery of antibiotics, which ushered in a golden age of medicine, and traces how our subsequent overuse of these supposed wonder drugs has left its mark on our systems and contributed to the rise of what Blaser calls our modern plagues: obesity, asthma, allergies, diabetes and certain forms of cancer. Blaser's studies suggest that antibiotic use during early childhood poses the greatest risk to long-term health; alarmingly, American children receive on average seventeen courses of antibiotics before they are twenty years old. His studies also suggest that C-sections deprive babies of important contact with their mothers' microbiomes. Taking us into the lab to explain his groundbreaking studies, Blaser not only provides elegant support for his theories but guides us toward avoiding even more catastrophic health problems in the future.

The Human Microbiota and Microbiome

The Human Microbiota and Microbiome
Author: Julian R Marchesi
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2014-05-14
ISBN 10: 1780640498
ISBN 13: 9781780640495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiota and Microbiome Book Review:

Thousands of different microbial species colonize the human body, and are essential for our survival. This book presents a review of the current understanding of human microbiomes, the functions that they bring to the host, how we can model them, their role in health and disease and the methods used to explore them. Current research into areas such as the long-term effect of antibiotics makes this a subject of considerable interest. This title is essential reading for researchers and students of microbiology.

Let Them Eat Dirt

Let Them Eat Dirt
Author: B. Brett Finlay,Marie-Claire Arrietta
Publsiher: Greystone Books
Total Pages: 999
Release: 2016-09-06
ISBN 10: 1771642556
ISBN 13: 9781771642552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Let Them Eat Dirt Book Review:

Our over-sanitized world threatens children’s health, but parents can change their environment into one where they’ll thrive. Babies and young kids are being raised in surroundings that are increasingly cleaner, more hyper hygienic, and more disinfected than ever before. As a result, the beneficial bacteria in their bodies is being altered, promoting conditions and diseases such as obesity, diabetes, asthma, allergies, and autism. As Let Them Eat Dirt shows, there is much that parents can do about this, including breastfeeding if possible, getting a dog, and avoiding antibiotics unless necessary—and yes, it is OK to let kids get a bit dirty.

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life
Author: Laxmi Yeruva,Daniel Munblit,Maria Carmen Collado
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN 10: 2889668134
ISBN 13: 9782889668137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of Early Life Nutrition on Immune System Development and Related Health Outcomes in Later Life Book Review:

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk

Environmental Chemicals  the Human Microbiome  and Health Risk
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Advancing Understanding of the Implications of Environmental-Chemical Interactions with the Human Microbiome
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-03-01
ISBN 10: 0309468698
ISBN 13: 9780309468695
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Chemicals the Human Microbiome and Health Risk Book Review:

A great number of diverse microorganisms inhabit the human body and are collectively referred to as the human microbiome. Until recently, the role of the human microbiome in maintaining human health was not fully appreciated. Today, however, research is beginning to elucidate associations between perturbations in the human microbiome and human disease and the factors that might be responsible for the perturbations. Studies have indicated that the human microbiome could be affected by environmental chemicals or could modulate exposure to environmental chemicals. Environmental Chemicals, the Human Microbiome, and Health Risk presents a research strategy to improve our understanding of the interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome and the implications of those interactions for human health risk. This report identifies barriers to such research and opportunities for collaboration, highlights key aspects of the human microbiome and its relation to health, describes potential interactions between environmental chemicals and the human microbiome, reviews the risk-assessment framework and reasons for incorporating chemicalâ€"microbiome interactions.

The Whole Body Microbiome

The Whole Body Microbiome
Author: B. Brett Finlay OC, PhD,Jessica M. Finlay PhD
Publsiher: Douglas & McIntyre
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-02-02
ISBN 10: 1771622210
ISBN 13: 9781771622219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Whole Body Microbiome Book Review:

Science has made huge leaps in prolonging life through disease prevention and treatment, but microbiologist Brett Finlay and gerontologist Jessica Finlay offer a different—and truly revolutionary—approach to the quest for the fountain of youth. Microbes are the oldest and smallest forms of life on earth, and encompass bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi and other microscopic organisms. While some bacteria and viruses can make us sick, normally we coexist peacefully with microbes. In fact, they are essential to our everyday health. Microbes help break down food in the digestive tract, support immune function and protect us from the pathogens we come into contact with on a daily basis. Our well-being is intimately tied to the microbes that surround us—on our cellphones, kitchen sponges, houseplants, pets and desks. In this groundbreaking volume, the authors present current and emerging research on microbial interventions for the full gamut of age-related conditions, from sun spots and wrinkles to Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, osteoporosis, menopause, chronic inflammation and more. The good news is that simple changes to nutrition and lifestyle can promote the right kind of microbial exposure, to improve health whether we’re eighteen or eighty. Incorporating interviews with leading microbiologists, scientific researchers and medical professionals, and with a compelling and proactive approach to cutting-edge science, The Whole-Body Microbiome will appeal to anyone looking to grow old as healthfully and gracefully as possible.

Gut Feelings

Gut Feelings
Author: Alessio Fasano,Susie Flaherty
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2022-03-22
ISBN 10: 0262543834
ISBN 13: 9780262543835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gut Feelings Book Review:

Why the microbiome--our rich inner ecosystem of microorganisms--may hold the keys to human health. We are at the dawn of a new scientific revolution. Our understanding of how to treat and prevent diseases has been transformed by knowledge of the microbiome—the rich ecosystem of microorganisms in and on every human. These microbial hitchhikers may hold the keys to human health. In Gut Feelings, Alessio Fasano and Susie Flaherty show why we must go beyond the older, myopic view of microorganisms as our enemies to a broader understanding of the microbiome as a parallel civilization that we need to understand, respect, and engage with for the benefit of our own health. Recent advances in understanding the microbiome and its role in human health dovetail with the development of personalized or “precision” medicine to create treatments and prevention programs targeted to the molecular imprint of an individual. Fasano and Flaherty explore the microbiome's part in such diseases as gut inflammatory disorders, obesity, neurological conditions, and cancer, and they explain new research in prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics, and psychobiotics. They also discuss the microbiome and immune function, including a possible role in COVID-19 treatment. By simultaneously expanding our perspective to encompass large datasets and multiple factors in human health, and narrowing our focus to identify the individual communities in the human microbiome, we will enlarge—and perhaps reinvent—our understanding of how to combat disease and maintain health.