Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments
Author: Balwant Singh,Markus Grafe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2010-02-18
ISBN 10: 9780080932842
ISBN 13: 0080932843
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments Book Review:

Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered. Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia

Applied Soil Chemistry

Applied Soil Chemistry
Author: Mohd Imran Ahamed,Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Tariq A. Altalhi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2021-03-23
ISBN 10: 1119711495
ISBN 13: 9781119711490
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Soil Chemistry Book Review:

This book explores the state-of-the-art information regarding applied soil sciences. It covers the fundamentals, model concepts, principles, chemical reactions, functions, chemical recycling, chemical weathering, acid-base chemistry, carbon sequestration, and nutrient availability of soils. Also, it includes soil chemistry of heavy-metals, environment, clay, ion-exchange processes, analytical tools and applications. This book helps to understand the about soil characteristics targeting soil chemical reactions and interactions and its applications.

Soil Carbon

Soil Carbon
Author: Alfred E. Hartemink,Kevin McSweeney
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2014-04-01
ISBN 10: 3319040847
ISBN 13: 9783319040844
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Carbon Book Review:

Few topics cut across the soil science discipline wider than research on soil carbon. This book contains 48 chapters that focus on novel and exciting aspects of soil carbon research from all over the world. It includes review papers by global leaders in soil carbon research, and the book ends with a list and discussion of global soil carbon research priorities. Chapters are loosely grouped in four sections: § Soil carbon in space and time § Soil carbon properties and processes § Soil use and carbon management § Soil carbon and the environment A wide variety of topics is included: soil carbon modelling, measurement, monitoring, microbial dynamics, soil carbon management and 12 chapters focus on national or regional soil carbon stock assessments. The book provides up-to-date information for researchers interested in soil carbon in relation to climate change and to researchers that are interested in soil carbon for the maintenance of soil quality and fertility. Papers in this book were presented at the IUSS Global Soil C Conference that was held at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Technology in Agriculture

Technology in Agriculture
Author: Fiaz Ahmad,Muhammad Sultan
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2021-10-13
ISBN 10: 1838819215
ISBN 13: 9781838819217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technology in Agriculture Book Review:

Food security is one of the primary themes of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. In this regard, agricultural engineering is considered the backbone of agriculture, and agricultural mechanization is considered a helpful way to enhance crop yield and farmers’ profitability. Technology in Agriculture presents research in the field of agricultural engineering technologies and applications in agricultural equipment engineering, biosystem engineering, energy systems engineering, and computers in agriculture. It provides an overview of recent advancements in agricultural engineering and examines key aspects of emerging technologies and their applications. In addition, the book explores modern methodologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning for agricultural mechanization.

Trace Elements in Waterlogged Soils and Sediments

Trace Elements in Waterlogged Soils and Sediments
Author: Jörg Rinklebe,Anna Sophia Knox,Michael Paller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2016-08-19
ISBN 10: 1315355647
ISBN 13: 9781315355641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Elements in Waterlogged Soils and Sediments Book Review:

Many wetlands around the world act as sinks for pollutants, in particular for trace elements. In comparison to terrestrial environments, wetlands are still far less studied. A collaborative effort among world experts, this book brings the current knowledge concerning trace elements in temporary waterlogged soils and sediments together. It discusses factors controlling the dynamics and release kinetics of trace elements and their underlying biogeochemical processes. It also discusses current technologies for remediating sites contaminated with trace metals, and the role of bioavailability in risk assessment and regulatory decision making. This book is intended for professionals around the world in disciplines related to contaminant bioavailability in aquatic organisms, contaminant fate and transport, remediation technologies, and risk assessment of aquatic and wetland ecosystems.

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics
Author: Sally Logsdon,Markus Berli,Rainer Horn
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN 10: 0891189564
ISBN 13: 9780891189565
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics Book Review:

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Structure Dynamics emphasizes a systems approach to how soil structure changes in response to inputs and to the environment. Soil structure is a dynamic, complex system affected by tillage, wheel traffic, roots, soil life, shrink–swell, and freeze–thaw. In turn, soil structure affects root growth and function, soil fauna, solute transport, water infiltration, gas exchange, thermal and electrical conductivities, traffic bearing capacity, and more. Ignoring soil structure or viewing it as “static” can lead to poor predictions and management. Readers will especially appreciate the description of soil structure influence on endpoints, such as environmental contamination and efficient water use, and how models should be adjusted to include dynamic soil structure components for accurate outputs.

Soil Water Root Processes

Soil  Water  Root Processes
Author: Stephen H. Anderson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN 10: 0891189580
ISBN 13: 9780891189589
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Water Root Processes Book Review:

Rapid advances in tomography and imaging techniques and their successful application in soil and plant science are changing our sciences today. Many more articles using imaging and tomography are being published currently compared to 20 years ago. Soil–Water–Root Processes: Advances in Tomography and Imaging is a unique assemblage of contributions exploring applications of imaging and tomography systems in soil science—it provides an updated collection of X-ray computed tomography, synchrotron microtomography, neutron imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, geophysical imaging tools, and other tomography techniques for evaluating soils and roots. Exciting new procedures and applications have been developed, with the promise to propel forward our understanding of soil and plant properties and processes.

Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils

Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils
Author: H. Magdi Selim,William L. Kingery
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2003-03-26
ISBN 10: 0203009606
ISBN 13: 9780203009604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils Book Review:

The hydrological and geochemical interactions between clay minerals and organic matter in soils directly influence the reaction, behavior, and mobility of heavy metals in soils. Geochemical and Hydrological Reactivity of Heavy Metals in Soils is one of few books that comprehensively illustrates this cause-and-effect relationship. It highlights anal

Recent Advances in Geo Environmental Engineering Geomechanics and Geotechnics and Geohazards

Recent Advances in Geo Environmental Engineering  Geomechanics and Geotechnics  and Geohazards
Author: Amjad Kallel,Zeynal Abiddin Erguler,Zhen-Dong Cui,ALi Karrech,Murat Karakus,Pinnaduwa Kulatilake,Sanjay Kumar Shukla
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 509
Release: 2018-12-31
ISBN 10: 303001665X
ISBN 13: 9783030016654
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Geo Environmental Engineering Geomechanics and Geotechnics and Geohazards Book Review:

This edited volume contains the best papers in the geo-engineering field accepted for presentation at the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Tunisia 2018. In addition, it includes 3 keynotes by international experts on the following topics: 1. A new three-dimensional rock mass strength criterion 2. New tools and techniques of remote sensing for geologic hazard assessment 3. Land subsidence induced by the engineering-environmental effects in Shanghai China The book is useful for readers who would like to get a broad coverage in geo-engineering. It contains 11 chapters covering the following main areas: (a) Applications in geo-environmental engineering including soil remediation, (b) Characterization of geo-materials using geological, geotechnical and geophysical techniques, (c) Soil improvement applications, (d) Soil behaviour under dynamic loading, (e) Recent studies on expansive soils, (f) Analytical and numerical modelling of various geo-structures, (g) Slope stability, (h) Landslides, (i) Subsidence studies and (j) Recent studies on various other types of geo-hazards.

Permeable Reactive Barrier

Permeable Reactive Barrier
Author: Ravi Naidu,Volker Birke
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN 10: 1482224488
ISBN 13: 9781482224481
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Permeable Reactive Barrier Book Review:

Remediation of groundwater is complex and often challenging. But the cost of pump and treat technology, coupled with the dismal results achieved, has paved the way for newer, better technologies to be developed. Among these techniques is permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technology, which allows groundwater to pass through a buried porous barrier that either captures the contaminants or breaks them down. And although this approach is gaining popularity, there are few references available on the subject. Until now. Permeable Reactive Barrier: Sustainable Groundwater Remediation brings together the information required to plan, design/model, and apply a successful, cost-effective, and sustainable PRB technology. With contributions from pioneers in this area, the book covers state-of-the-art information on PRB technology. It details design criteria, predictive modeling, and application to contaminants beyond petroleum hydrocarbons, including inorganics and radionuclides. The text also examines implementation stages such as the initial feasibility assessment, laboratory treatability studies (including column studies), estimation of PRB design parameters, and development of a long-term monitoring network for the performance evaluation of the barrier. It also outlines the predictive tools required for life cycle analysis and cost/performance assessment. A review of current PRB technology and its applications, this book includes case studies that exemplify the concepts discussed. It helps you determine when to recommend PRB, what information is needed from the site investigation to design it, and what regulatory validation is required.

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury
Author: Guangliang Liu,Yong Cai,Nelson O'Driscoll
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2011-11-07
ISBN 10: 1118146638
ISBN 13: 9781118146637
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury Book Review:

The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six womenof childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies,which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurologicalimpairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals andecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essentialinformation that anyone interested in environmental sciences shouldknow about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle. Comprised of four parts that present an overview of mercury inthe environment, mercury transformations, transport, andbioaccumulation and toxicology, each chapter of EnvironmentalChemistry and Toxicology of Mercury includes the basic concepts ofthe targeted subject, a critical review of that subject, and thefuture research needs. This book explains the environmental behavior and toxicologicaleffects of mercury on humans and other organisms, and provides abaseline for what is known and what uncertainties remain in respectto mercury cycling. The chapters focus on the fundamental scienceunderlying the environmental chemistry and fate of mercury. Thiswork will be invaluable to a wide range of policy experts,environmental scientists, and other people requiring acomprehensive source for the state of the science in thisfield.

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy
Author: Jeroen A. van Bokhoven,Carlo Lamberti
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 890
Release: 2016-03-21
ISBN 10: 1118844238
ISBN 13: 9781118844236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy Book Review:

During the last two decades, remarkable and often spectacular progress has been made in the methodological and instrumental aspects of x–ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. This progress includes considerable technological improvements in the design and production of detectors especially with the development and expansion of large-scale synchrotron reactors All this has resulted in improved analytical performance and new applications, as well as in the perspective of a dramatic enhancement in the potential of x–ray based analysis techniques for the near future. This comprehensive two-volume treatise features articles that explain the phenomena and describe examples of X–ray absorption and emission applications in several fields, including chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, amorphous and liquid systems, synchrotron radiation, and surface phenomena. Contributors explain the underlying theory, how to set up X–ray absorption experiments, and how to analyze the details of the resulting spectra. X-Ray Absorption and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications: Combines the theory, instrumentation and applications of x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies which offer unique diagnostics to study almost any object in the Universe. Is the go-to reference book in the subject for all researchers across multi-disciplines since intense beams from modern sources have revolutionized x-ray science in recent years Is relevant to students, postdocurates and researchers working on x-rays and related synchrotron sources and applications in materials, physics, medicine, environment/geology, and biomedical materials

Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics

Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics
Author: Pedro A. Sanchez
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 661
Release: 2019-01-31
ISBN 10: 1107176050
ISBN 13: 9781107176058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics Book Review:

Long-awaited second edition of classic textbook, brought completely up to date, for courses on tropical soils, and reference for scientists and professionals.

Nature s Nanostructures

Nature s Nanostructures
Author: Amanda S. Barnard,Haibo Guo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2012-02-02
ISBN 10: 9814316822
ISBN 13: 9789814316828
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nature s Nanostructures Book Review:

Natural nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are all around us, which inevitably leads to these questions: What are these natural nanomaterials made of? Where can we find them? What can they do? Answering these questions will facilitate new and environmentally friendly ways of creating and manipulating nanoscale materials for the next generation of new technologies. A truly multidisciplinary resource, this book brings together studies from astronomy, physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering, geology and geophysics, environmental science, agricultural science, entomology, molecular biology, and health and provides an invaluable resource for learning how various scientists approach similar problems.

Pesticides

Pesticides
Author: Hamir S. Rathore,Leo M.L. Nollet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2012-04-11
ISBN 10: 1439836256
ISBN 13: 9781439836255
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pesticides Book Review:

Pesticides play an important role in controlling pests that carry diseases and threaten crop production. In recent years, however, there has been increased concern about the adverse impacts of pesticides and their degradation products on public health and the environment. A considerable amount of work is being done to develop nonchemical methods of

Geomechanics from Micro to Macro

Geomechanics from Micro to Macro
Author: Kenichi Soga,Krishna Kumar,Giovanna Biscontin,Matthew Kuo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1700
Release: 2014-08-26
ISBN 10: 1315737329
ISBN 13: 9781315737324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geomechanics from Micro to Macro Book Review:

Geomechanics from Micro to Macro contains 268 papers presented at the International Symposium on Geomechanics from Micro and Macro (IS-Cambridge, UK, 1-3 September 2014). The symposium created a forum for the dissemination of new advances in the micro-macro relations of geomaterial behaviour and its modelling. The papers on experimental investigati

Speciation Studies in Soil Sediment and Environmental Samples

Speciation Studies in Soil  Sediment and Environmental Samples
Author: Sezgin Bakirdere
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2013-09-26
ISBN 10: 1466594853
ISBN 13: 9781466594852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Speciation Studies in Soil Sediment and Environmental Samples Book Review:

Recent developments clearly indicate that speciation studies in biological and environmental matrices are much more important than the total element determination due to the tremendous difference in bioavailability and toxicity of various chemical forms of a particular element. Different separation-detection techniques and hyphenated systems—each with its own advantages and disadvantages with respect to precision, sensitivity and detection limit—have been developed for the identification and quantification of the species present in systems at ultra-trace levels. This book aims to evaluate the speciation analysis in depth and present a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art analytical approaches used for the speciation of elements in environmental samples.

Water Flow Solute and Heat Transfer in Groundwater

Water Flow  Solute and Heat Transfer in Groundwater
Author: Alexander Yakirevich
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2021-01-06
ISBN 10: 3039368966
ISBN 13: 9783039368969
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Flow Solute and Heat Transfer in Groundwater Book Review:

Groundwater is an essential and vital water resource for drinking water production, agricultural irrigation, and industrial processes. Having a better understanding of physical and chemical processes in aquifers enables more reliable decisions and reduces investments concerning water management. This Special Issue on “Water Flow, Solute, and Heat Transfer, in Groundwater” of Water focuses on the recent advances in groundwater dynamics, and it includes high-quality papers that cover a wide range of issues on different aspects related to groundwater: protection from contamination, recharge, heat transfer, hydraulic parameters estimation, well hydraulics, microbial community, colloid transport, and mathematical models. This integrative volume aims to transfer knowledge to hydrologists, hydraulic engineers, and water resources planners, who are engaged in the sustainable development of groundwater resources.

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 830
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN 10: 1439803072
ISBN 13: 9781439803073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Soil Sciences Book Review:

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems
Author: Nicola Senesi,Baoshan Xing,Pan Ming Huang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2009-07-23
ISBN 10: 9780470494943
ISBN 13: 0470494948
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems Book Review:

An up-to-date resource on natural nonliving organic matter Bringing together world-renowned researchers to explore natural nonliving organic matter (NOM) and its chemical, biological, and ecological importance, Biophysico-Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems offers an integrated view of the dynamics and processes of NOM. This multidisciplinary approach allows for a comprehensive treatment encompassing all the formation processes, properties, reactions, environments, and analytical techniques associated with the latest research on NOM. After briefly outlining the historical background, current ideas, and future prospects of the study of NOM, the coverage examines: The formation mechanisms of humic substances Organo-clay complexes The effects of organic matter amendment Black carbon in the environment Carbon sequestration and dynamics in soil Biological activities of humic substances Dissolved organic matter Humic substances in the rhizosphere Marine organic matter Organic matter in atmospheric particles In addition to the above topics, the coverage includes such relevant analytical techniques as separation technology; analytical pyrolysis and soft-ionization mass spectrometry; nuclear magnetic resonance; EPR, FTIR, Raman, UV-visible adsorption, fluorescence, and X-ray spectroscopies; and thermal analysis. Hundreds of illustrations and photographs further illuminate the various chapters. An essential resource for both students and professionals in environmental science, environmental engineering, water science, soil science, geology, and environmental chemistry, Biophysico-Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems provides a unique combination of the latest discoveries, developments, and future prospects in this field.