Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future
Author: Jingzheng Ren,Antonio Scipioni,Alessandro Manzardo,Hanwei Liang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2019-08-20
ISBN 10: 0128155825
ISBN 13: 9780128155820
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future Book Review:

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future: Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Multi-criteria Decision Making provides a comprehensive sustainability analysis of biofuels based on life cycle thinking and develops various multi-dimensional decision-making techniques for prioritizing biofuel production technologies. Taking a transversal approach, the book combines life cycle sustainability assessment, life cycle assessment, life cycle costing analysis, social life cycle assessment, sustainability metrics, triple bottom line, operations research methods, and supply chain design for investigating the critical factors and key enablers that influence the sustainable development of biofuel industry. This book will equip researchers and policymakers in the energy sector with the scientific methodology and metrics needed to develop strategies for viable sustainability transition. It will be a key resource for students, researchers and practitioners seeking to deepen their knowledge on energy planning and current and future trends of biofuel as an alternative fuel. Provides an innovative approach to promoting sustainable development in biofuel production by linking supply chain design and decision support with the life cycle perspective Features case studies and examples that illustrate the theory and methods developed Includes material on corporate social responsibility and economic analysis of biofuels that is highly useful to policy-makers and administrators in both government and enterprise sectors

Biofuels and Sustainability

Biofuels and Sustainability
Author: Kazuhiko Takeuchi,Hideaki Shiroyama,Osamu Saito,Masahiro Matsuura
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2018-07-13
ISBN 10: 4431548955
ISBN 13: 9784431548959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels and Sustainability Book Review:

This open access book presents a comprehensive analysis of biofuel use strategies from an interdisciplinary perspective using sustainability science. This interdisciplinary perspective (social science-natural science) means that the strategies and policy options proposed will have significant impacts on the economy and society alike. Biofuels are expected to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, revitalizing economies in agricultural communities and alleviating poverty. However, despite these anticipated benefits, international organizations such as the FAO, OECD and UN have published reports expressing concerns that biofuel promotion may lead to deforestation, water pollution and water shortages. The impacts of biofuel use are extensive, cross-sectoral and complex, and as such, comprehensive analyses are required in order to assess the extent to which biofuels can contribute to sustainable societies. Applying interdisciplinary sustainability science concepts and methodologies, the book helps to enhance the establishment of a sustainable society as well as the development of appropriate responses to a global need for urgent action on current issues related to biofuels.

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass
Author: Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2019-06-14
ISBN 10: 0429555644
ISBN 13: 9780429555640
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass Book Review:

Biofuel production from waste biomass is increasingly being focused on due to due to several advantages of lignocellulosic biomass, such as availability in abundance from several sources, cost-effectiveness, little competition with food sources, etc. This new volume, Sustainable Biofuel and Biomass: Advances and Impacts, provides an abundance of in-depth information on many types of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass and also describes biomass sources and their availability for biofuel production. This compiled book features 17 chapters that discuss the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Chapters deal with different types lipase-mediated biofuel production, biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass, triacylglycrol biosynthetic pathways in plants for biofuel applications, the industrial prospects of lignocellulosic bioethanol production, biofuel cell production, potential feedstocks availability for bioethanol production, biofuel production from algal biomass, and many other important topics.

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Author: Kalam Abul Azad,Mohammad Rasul
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2019-06-09
ISBN 10: 0081027923
ISBN 13: 9780081027929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biofuels Book Review:

Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Sustainable Bioenergy

Sustainable Bioenergy
Author: Mahendra Rai,Avinash P. Ingle
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 9780128176542
ISBN 13: 0128176547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Bioenergy Book Review:

Sustainable Bioenergy: Advances and Impacts presents a careful overview of advances and promising innovation in the development of various bioenergy technologies. It covers the production of bio-jet fuel, algal biofuels, recent developments in bioprocesses, nanotechnology applications for energy conversion, the role of different catalysts in the production of biofuels, and the impacts of those fuels on society. The book brings together global experts to form a big picture of cutting-edge research in sustainable bioenergy and biofuels. It is an ideal resource for researchers, students, energy analysts and policymakers who will benefit from the book's overview of impacts and innovative needs. Explores the most recent advances in biofuels and related energy systems, including innovations in catalysts and biocatalysts Provides an overview of the impacts of bioenergy and its sustainability aspects Discusses real-life cases of implementation of bioenergy systems on an industrial scale

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: David M. Mousdale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2008-06-04
ISBN 10: 1420051253
ISBN 13: 9781420051254
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Review:

Evaluating a wealth of quantitative data, Biofuels: Biotechnology, Chemistry, and Sustainable Development discusses different types of biofuels, the science behind their production, the economics of their introduction to the marketplace, their environmental impacts, and their implications for world agriculture. It broadens the discussion on biofuel

Strategic Planning for the Sustainable Production of Biofuels

Strategic Planning for the Sustainable Production of Biofuels
Author: José Maria Ponce-Ortega,José Ezequiel Santibañez-Aguilar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2019-03-05
ISBN 10: 0128181796
ISBN 13: 9780128181799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Planning for the Sustainable Production of Biofuels Book Review:

Strategic Planning for the Sustainable Production of Biofuels presents several optimization models for the design and planning of sustainable biorefinery supply chains, including issues surrounding the potential of biomass feedstocks in multiple harvesting sites, availability and seasonality of biomass resources, different potential geographical locations for processing plants that produce multiple products using diverse production technologies, economies of scale for production technologies, demands and prices of multiple products, locations of storage facilities, and a number of transportation modes. Sustainability considerations are incorporated into the proposed models by including simultaneous economic, environmental and social performance in the evaluation of the supply chain designs. Covers different optimization models for the strategic planning of biorefining systems Includes the GAMS and MATLAB codes for solving various problems Considers sustainability criteria in the presented models Presents different approaches for obtained trade-off solutions Provides general software that can be used for solving different problems

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2013-01-18
ISBN 10: 0309260329
ISBN 13: 9780309260329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States Book Review:

Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S. transportation fuel needs could create unsustainable demands for energy, water, and nutrient resources. Continued research and development could yield innovations to address these challenges, but determining if algal biofuel is a viable fuel alternative will involve comparing the environmental, economic and social impacts of algal biofuel production and use to those associated with petroleum-based fuels and other fuel sources. Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels was produced at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels

Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels
Author: RunCang Sun
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2010-01-18
ISBN 10: 9780080932675
ISBN 13: 0080932673
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels Book Review:

Materials from renewable resources are receiving increased attention, as leading industries and manufacturers attempt to replace declining petrochemical-based feedstocks with products derived from natural biomass, such as cereal straws. Cereal straws are expected to play an important role in the shift toward a sustainable economy, and a basic knowledge of the composition and structure of cereal straw is the key to using it wisely. Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels: Chemistry, Extractives, Lignins, Hemicelluloses and Cellulose provides an introduction to straw chemistry. Topics discussed include the structure, ultrastructure, and chemical composition of straw; the structure and isolation of extractives from the straw; the three main components of straw: cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins; and chemical modifications of straw for industrial applications. This book will be helpful to scientists interested in the areas of natural resource management, environmental chemistry, plant chemistry, material science, polysaccharide chemistry, and lignin chemistry. It will also be of interest to academic and industrial scientists/researchers interested in novel applications of agricultural residues for industrial and/or recycling technologies. Provides the basics of straw composition and the structure of its cell walls Details the procedures required to fractionate straw components to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins Elucidates new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the energy sector, chemical industry, and pulp and paper business

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production
Author: Veera Gnaneswar Gude
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2018-05-24
ISBN 10: 1351582844
ISBN 13: 9781351582841
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production Book Review:

Renewable fuel research and process development requires interdisciplinary approaches involving chemists and physicists from both scientific and engineering backgrounds. Here is an important volume that emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development from an interdisciplinary point of view. It creates an enriching knowledge base on green chemistry of biofuel production, sustainable process development, and green engineering principles for renewable fuel production. This book includes chapters contributed by both research scientists and research engineers with significant experience in biofuel chemistry and processes. The book offers an abundance of scientific experimental methods and analytical procedures and interpretation of the results that capture the state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. The wide range of topics make this book a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, industrial practitioners and scientists, and engineers in various renewable energy fields. Key features: • Emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development for biofuel production • Discusses a wide array of biofuels from algal biomass to waste-to-energy technologies and wastewater treatment and activated sludge processes • Presents advances and developments in biofuel green chemistry and green engineering, including process intensification (microwaves/ultrasound), ionic liquids, and green catalysis • Looks at environmental assessment and economic impact of biofuel production

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery
Author: Sunil Kumar Maity,Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2021-09-02
ISBN 10: 0128234202
ISBN 13: 9780128234204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery Book Review:

Sustainable production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass, fuels that are fully compatible with existing internal combustion engines, will allow the global transport economy to transition to a sustainable energy source without the need for capital-intensive new infrastructures. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels presents a comprehensive and easy to understand consolidation of existing knowledge for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass. Three major areas for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon biofuels are addressed: i) Chemical and thermochemical conversion processes, ii) Biological and biochemical conversion processes, and iii) Conversion processes of biomass-derived compounds. Additionally, the book includes process design, life cycle analysis of various processes, reaction engineering, catalysts, process conditions and process concepts, and is supported with detailed case studies. The economic viability of each process is specifically addressed to provide a clear guide for the economic development of future hydrocarbon biofuels. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels offers an all-in-one resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals working in the area of bioenergy and will be of interest to energy engineers, chemical engineers, bioengineers, chemists, agricultural researchers, and mechanical engineers. Furthermore, this book provides structured foundational content on biorefineries for undergraduate and graduate students. Presents fundamental concepts and processes of hydrocarbon biofuel production, covering chemical, biological, and biomass-derived conversion processes Synthesizes the state-of-the-art research and commercial initiatives of this emerging concept into stand-alone chapters, serving as a structured resource for researchers and practitioners Emphasizes the process design and economic feasibility of each process using life cycle assessments to support commercial development

Biofuels for Transport

Biofuels for Transport
Author: Worldwatch Institute,
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2012-05-04
ISBN 10: 1136570926
ISBN 13: 9781136570926
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels for Transport Book Review:

The world is on the verge of an unprecedented increase in the production and use of biofuels for transport. The combination of rising oil prices, issues of security, climate instability and pollution, deepening poverty in rural and agricultural areas, and a host of improved technologies, is propelling governments to enact powerful incentives for the use of these fuels, which is in turn sparking investment. Biofuels for Transport is a unique and comprehensive assessment of the opportunities and risks of the large-scale production of biofuels. The book demystifies complex questions and concerns, such as the food v. fuel debate. Global in scope, it is further informed by five country studies from Brazil, China, Germany, India and Tanzania. The authors conclude that biofuels will play a significant role in our energy future, but warn that the large-scale use of biofuels carries risks that require focused and immediate policy initiatives. Published in association with BMELV, FNR and GTZ.

Value Chain of Biofuels

Value Chain of Biofuels
Author: Suzana Yusup,Nor Adilla Rashidi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2021-11-12
ISBN 10: 0323858996
ISBN 13: 9780323858991
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Value Chain of Biofuels Book Review:

Value-Chain of Biofuels: Fundamentals, Technology, and Standardization presents the fundamental aspects of biofuel production, from biomass conversion technologies and biofuels’ end products to related policy regulation and standardization. Sections explore the current biofuels industry, addressing pretreatment, feedstocks, and conversion processes, review different pathways to produce biofuels, including bioethanol, biochar, biogas/bio-hydrogen, bio-oil, biodiesel, and many others, and finally, present policy regulation and standardization on biofuel production, with a focus on applications. Case studies are provided alongside reviews from academic and industry perspectives, discussing economics and lifecycle assessments (LCA) of biofuel production, as well as analyses of supply chains. Offering a comprehensive and timely overview, this book provides an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners working in bioenergy and renewable energy, but it will also be of interest to chemists, bioengineers, chemical engineers, and the agricultural and petrochemical industries. Helps readers gain academic and industry perspectives on biofuel production with the inclusion of lab-based experimentation and informative case studies Contains an exhaustive analysis of biomass conversion technologies for biofuels and biochemicals Provides a clear and concise text that avoids the overuse of jargon and technical language

Efficiency and Sustainability in Biofuel Production

Efficiency and Sustainability in Biofuel Production
Author: Barnabas Gikonyo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2015-05-08
ISBN 10: 1498728863
ISBN 13: 9781498728867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Efficiency and Sustainability in Biofuel Production Book Review:

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The world's interest in reducing petroleum use has led to the rapid development of the biofuel industry over the past decade or so. However, there is increasing concern over how current food-based biofuels affect both food security and the environment. Second-generation biofuels, however, use widely available sources such as non-food lignocellulosic-based biomass and fats, oils, and greases. They make practical consideration of how land use can simultaneously support both the world's food needs and some of its energy needs. This volume consolidates some of the most recent investigations into these issues. The chapters focus on these categories of research: The problems currently connected with biofuels relating to land use and the environment Investigations into the potential for land use to be managed more effectively and sustainably Research that focuses on new and developing options for second-generation biofuels This volume is recommended for all biofuel researchers, from the PhD student to the experienced scientist. It also offers an essential foundation to anyone interested in how biofuels relate to the future of our world.

Bioenergy for Sustainable Development and International Competitiveness

Bioenergy for Sustainable Development and International Competitiveness
Author: Francis X. Johnson,Vikram Seebaluck
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2013-07-03
ISBN 10: 1136529551
ISBN 13: 9781136529559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioenergy for Sustainable Development and International Competitiveness Book Review:

Growing concerns about the impacts of climate change and dependence on fossil fuels have intensified interest in bioenergy from sugar cane and other crops, highlighting important links between energy, environment and development goals. Sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by severe poverty; the possibility to exploit a renewable energy resource offers valuable avenues for sustainable development and could support a more dynamic and competitive economy. This book describes how the bioenergy expansion will improve rural livelihoods, reduce costly energy imports, reduce GHG emissions, and offer new development paths. Drawing on international experience, it is shown that harnessing this potential will require significant increases in investment, technology transfer, and international cooperation. Because of its high efficiency, the authors argue that sugar cane should be viewed as a global resource for sustainable development and should command much greater focus and concerted policy action. Through an analysis of the agronomy, land suitability and industrial processing of sugar cane and its co-products, along with an assessment of the energy, economic and environmental implications, this volume demonstrates that sugar cane offers a competitive and environmentally beneficial resource for Africa's economic development and energy security. With forty-four authors representing thirty organisations in sixteen countries, the book offers a truly international and interdisciplinary perspective by combining technical and economic principles with social, political and environmental assessment and policy analysis.

Biomass and Biofuels

Biomass and Biofuels
Author: Shibu Jose,Thallada Bhaskar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2015-04-22
ISBN 10: 1498760244
ISBN 13: 9781498760249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass and Biofuels Book Review:

The long-held tenets of the energy sector are being rewritten in the twenty-first century. The rise of unconventional oil and gas and of renewables is transforming our economies and improving our understanding of the distribution of the world's energy resources and their impacts. A complete knowledge of the dynamics underpinning energy markets is n

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

Advanced Biofuel Technologies
Author: Deepak K. Tuli,Sangita Kasture,Arindam Kuila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2021-12-17
ISBN 10: 0323884288
ISBN 13: 9780323884280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biofuel Technologies Book Review:

Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments

Biofuel Crop Sustainability

Biofuel Crop Sustainability
Author: Bharat Singh
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2013-08-05
ISBN 10: 0470963042
ISBN 13: 9780470963043
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuel Crop Sustainability Book Review:

Biofuel Crop Sustainability brings together the basic principles of agricultural sustainability and special stipulations for biofuels, from the economic and ecological opportunities and challenges of sustainable biofuel crop production to the unique characteristics of particular crops which make them ideal for biofuel applications. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and professionals involved in biofuels development and production as well as agriculture industry personnel. Chapters focus the broad principles of resource management for ecological, environmental and societal welfare, the sustainability issues pertaining to several broad categories of biofuel crops , as well as the economics and profitability of biofuels on both a local and international scale. Coverage includes topics such as utilizing waste water for field crop irrigation and algae production, reliability of feedstock supply, marginal lands, and identifying crops with traits of significance for survival and growth on low fertility soils. The development of production practices with low external inputs of fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides is also covered. Biofuel Crop Sustainability will be a valuable, up-to-date reference for all those involved in the rapidly expanding biofuels industry and sustainable agriculture research fields.

Advances in Biofuels

Advances in Biofuels
Author: Pogaku Ravindra,Rosalam Hj. Sarbatly
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2013-03-02
ISBN 10: 1461462495
ISBN 13: 9781461462491
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Biofuels Book Review:

​Biofuels will play a key role in the 21st century as the world faces two critical problems; volatile fuel prices and global climatic changes. Both of these are linked to the overdependence on the fossil fuels: petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Transportation is almost totally dependent on petroleum based fuels such as gasoline, diesel fuel, liquefied petroleum gas, and on natural gas. Despite a significant amount of research into biofuels, the field has not been able to replace fossil fuels. Recent advances will change this scenario. Extracting fuel from biomass has been very expensive (both monetarily and in land usage), time consuming, unusable byproducts, etc. Technology to obtain liquid fuel from non-fossil sources must be improved to be faster, more efficient and more cost-effective. This book will cover the current technology used for a variety of plant types and explore shortcomings with each.

Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge

Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge
Author: Aziz Elbehri,Anna Segerstedt,Pascal Liu
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MSU:31293036399461
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge Book Review:

Biofuels global emergence in the last two decades is met with increased concerns over climate change and sustainable development. This report addresses the core issue of biofuel sustainability of biofuels and related feedstocks, drawing from a wide range of sustainability related studies, reports, policy initiatives. The report critically examines the economic, environmental and social sustainability dimensions of biofuels and review the major certification initiatives, schemes and regulations. In doing so, the report relies on extensive review of a number of country case studies covering a broad range of current biofuel-feedstocks systems. The report analysis clearly distinguish feedstock efficiency (in terms of biofuel yields per unit of land) from sustainability, especially under limiting resource (irrigated water) or sensitive areas (carbon stocks). Also, long run economic viability depend on the future policy support, technical innovations in biofuel systems, economics of biofuel supply and demand and trade-offs between food and energy uses as well as feedstock productivity gains. Biofuels can present both advantages and risks for environmental sustainability; the latter being often difficult to measure or monitor and may conflict with economic sustainability unless great strides in productivity gains are achieved. Social sustainability is the weakest link in current biofuel certification schemes owing to intrinsic local factors and as efforts target more few negative social impacts; much less focus is placed on inclusive processes that strengthen marginal stockholders participation and benefits. Biofuel certification schemes need to be more smallholder inclusive, perhaps through policy initiatives. Finally, poor developing countries, especially with abundant land and biomass production potential, need to prioritise food security and poverty reduction. In many cases, biofuel models that encourage small scale integrated bioenergy systems may offer higher rural development impacts. FDI-induced larger-scale biofuel projects, on the other hand, may be suitable in those situations where countries have sufficient industrial capacity, besides land and biomass potential, and when these biofuel projects can be fully integrated into domestic energy strategies that do not conflict with food production potential and food security.