Superlattice to Nanoelectronics

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics
Author: Raphael Tsu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2010-10-22
ISBN 10: 0080968147
ISBN 13: 9780080968148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics Book Review:

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics, Second Edition, traces the history of the development of superlattices and quantum wells from their origins in 1969. Topics discussed include the birth of the superlattice; resonant tunneling via man-made quantum well states; optical properties and Raman scattering in man-made quantum systems; dielectric function and doping of a superlattice; and quantum step and activation energy. The book also covers semiconductor atomic superlattice; Si quantum dots fabricated from annealing amorphous silicon; capacitance, dielectric constant, and doping quantum dots; porous silicon; and quantum impedance of electrons. Written by one of the founders of this field Delivers over 20% new material, including new research and new technological applications Provides a basic understanding of the physics involved from first principles, while adding new depth, using basic mathematics and an explanation of the background essentials

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics
Author: Raphael Tsu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2010-11-05
ISBN 10: 0080968139
ISBN 13: 9780080968131
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Superlattice to Nanoelectronics Book Review:

Written by one of the founders of this field, this book provides a historical overview of the invention of superlattice, one of the most important devices of the second half of the twentieth century. In addition to describing the fundamental concepts, this completely revised and updated edition provides new insights in the field of man-made solids. Written by one of the founders of this field Delivers over 20% new material, including new research and new technological applications Provides a basic understanding of the physics involved from first principles, while adding new depth, using basic mathematics and an explanation of the background essentials

Granular Nanoelectronics

Granular Nanoelectronics
Author: David K. Ferry,John R. Barker,Carlo Jacoboni
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2013-12-14
ISBN 10: 1489936890
ISBN 13: 9781489936899
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Granular Nanoelectronics Book Review:

The technological means now exists for approaching the fundamentallimiting scales of solid state electronics in which a single carrier can, in principle, represent a single bit in an information flow. In this light, the prospect of chemically, or biologically, engineered molccular-scale structures which might support information processing functions has enticed workers for many years. The one common factor in all suggested molecular switches, ranging from the experimentally feasible proton-tunneling structure, to natural systems such as the micro-tubule, is that each proposed structure deals with individual information carrying entities. Whereas this future molecular electronics faces enormous technical challenges, the same Iimit is already appearing in existing semiconducting quantum wires and small tunneling structures, both superconducting and normal meta! devices, in which the motion of a single eh arge through the tunneling barrier can produce a sufficient voltage change to cut-off further tunneling current. We may compare the above situation with today's Si microelectronics, where each bit is encoded as a very !arge number, not necessarily fixed, of electrons within acharge pulse. The associated reservoirs and sinks of charge carriers may be profitably tapped and manipulated to proviele macro-currents which can be readily amplified or curtailed. On the other band, modern semiconductor ULSI has progressed by adopting a linear scaling principle to the down-sizing of individual semiconductor devices.

Nonequilibrium Quantum Transport Physics in Nanosystems

Nonequilibrium Quantum Transport Physics in Nanosystems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9814472972
ISBN 13: 9789814472975
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nonequilibrium Quantum Transport Physics in Nanosystems Book Review:

Micro and Nanoelectronics

Micro  and Nanoelectronics
Author: Tomasz Brozek
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 383
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN 10: 1482214911
ISBN 13: 9781482214918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanoelectronics Book Review:

Micro- and Nanoelectronics: Emerging Device Challenges and Solutions presents a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of micro- and nanoelectronics, covering the field from fundamental science and material properties to novel ways of making nanodevices. Containing contributions from experts in both industry and academia, this cutting-edge text: Discusses emerging silicon devices for CMOS technologies, fully depleted device architectures, characteristics, and scaling Explains the specifics of silicon compound devices (SiGe, SiC) and their unique properties Explores various options for post-CMOS nanoelectronics, such as spintronic devices and nanoionic switches Describes the latest developments in carbon nanotubes, iii-v devices structures, and more Micro- and Nanoelectronics: Emerging Device Challenges and Solutions provides an excellent representation of a complex engineering field, examining emerging materials and device architecture alternatives with the potential to shape the future of nanotechnology.

Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems

Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems
Author: Karl Goser,Peter Glösekötter,Peter Glosekotter,Jan Dienstuhl
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2004-01-22
ISBN 10: 9783540404439
ISBN 13: 3540404430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems Book Review:

The book includes a comparison to the present state of silicon technologies, a discussion on the limits of electronics, and a vision of future nanosystems."--Jacket.

Nanocomposites Nanophotonics Nanobiotechnology and Applications

Nanocomposites  Nanophotonics  Nanobiotechnology  and Applications
Author: Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2014-08-11
ISBN 10: 3319066110
ISBN 13: 9783319066110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanocomposites Nanophotonics Nanobiotechnology and Applications Book Review:

This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features contributions from participants in the 2nd International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations” and International Research and Practice Conference “Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials”, NANO-2013, which were held in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 25-September 1, 2013. These events took place within the framework of the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning, and were organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications.

Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics

Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics
Author: Anupama B. Kaul
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN 10: 1466509554
ISBN 13: 9781466509559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics Book Review:

Composed of contributions from top experts, Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices and Manufacturability offers a detailed overview of important recent scientific and technological developments in the rapidly evolving nanoelectronics arena. Under the editorial guidance and technical expertise of noted materials scientist Anupama B. Kaul of California Institute of Technology’s Jet Propulsion Lab, this book captures the ascent of microelectronics into the nanoscale realm. It addresses a wide variety of important scientific and technological issues in nanoelectronics research and development. The book also showcases some key application areas of micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) that have reached the commercial realm. Capitalizing on Dr. Kaul’s considerable technical experience with micro- and nanotechnologies and her extensive research in prestigious academic and industrial labs, the book offers a fresh perspective on application-driven research in micro- and nanoelectronics, including MEMS. Chapters explore how rapid developments in this area are transitioning from the lab to the market, where new and exciting materials, devices, and manufacturing technologies are revolutionizing the electronics industry. Although many micro- and nanotechnologies still face major scientific and technological challenges and remain within the realm of academic research labs, rapid advances in this area have led to the recent emergence of new applications and markets. This handbook encapsulates that exciting recent progress by providing high-quality content contributed by international experts from academia, leading industrial institutions—such as Hewlett-Packard—and government laboratories including the U.S. Department of Energy’s Sandia National Laboratory. Offering something for everyone, from students to scientists to entrepreneurs, this book showcases the broad spectrum of cutting-edge technologies that show significant promise for electronics and related applications in which nanotechnology plays a key role.

Handbook of Terahertz Technology

Handbook of Terahertz Technology
Author: Neil Sellers
Publsiher: Scientific e-Resources
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2018-01-21
ISBN 10: 1839472332
ISBN 13: 9781839472336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Terahertz Technology Book Review:

Terahertz radiation - also known as submillimeter radiation, terahertz waves, tremendously high frequency (THF), T-rays, T-waves, T-light, T-lux or THz - consists of electromagnetic waves within the ITU-designated band of frequencies from 0.3 to 3 terahertz. Wavelengths of radiation in the terahertz band correspondingly range from 1 mm to 0.1 mm. Because terahertz radiation begins at a wavelength of one millimeter and proceeds into shorter wavelengths, it is sometimes known as the submillimeter band, and its radiation as submillimeter waves, especially in astronomy. The book presents information about Terahertz science, Terahertz photodetectors and Terahertz Lasers. A special emphasis is given to room temperature operation of long wavelength photodetectors based on novel quantum dots. Moreover, a complete analysis of systems based on Quantum Cascade structures to detect far infrared wavelengths is provided. Finally, the book presents Terahertz laser principles considering multi-color lasers in this range of wavelengths. It is written as a background for graduate students in the Optics field.

Graphene Simulation

Graphene Simulation
Author: Jian Ru Gong
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2011-08-01
ISBN 10: 9533075562
ISBN 13: 9789533075563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Graphene Simulation Book Review:

Graphene, a conceptually new class of materials in condensed-matter physics, has been the interest of many theoretical studies due to the extraordinary thermal, mechanical and electrical properties for a long time. This book is a collection of the recent theoretical work on graphene from many experts, and will help readers to have a thorough and deep understanding in this fast developing field.

Physics and Applications of Graphene

Physics and Applications of Graphene
Author: Sergey Mikhailov
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2011-03-22
ISBN 10: 9533071524
ISBN 13: 9789533071527
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Applications of Graphene Book Review:

The Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age... Every global epoch in the history of the mankind is characterized by materials used in it. In 2004 a new era in material science was opened: the era of graphene or, more generally, of two-dimensional materials. Graphene is the strongest and the most stretchable known material, it has the record thermal conductivity and the very high mobility of charge carriers. It demonstrates many interesting fundamental physical effects and promises a lot of applications, among which are conductive ink, terahertz transistors, ultrafast photodetectors and bendable touch screens. In 2010 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene". The two volumes Physics and Applications of Graphene - Experiments and Physics and Applications of Graphene - Theory contain a collection of research articles reporting on different aspects of experimental and theoretical studies of this new material.

Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices

Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices
Author: Anatoliy Evtukh,Hans Hartnagel,Oktay Yilmazoglu,Hidenori Mimura,Dimitris Pavlidis
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2016-03-16
ISBN 10: 1119037964
ISBN 13: 9781119037965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices Book Review:

Introducing up-to-date coverage of research in electron field emission from nanostructures, Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices outlines the physics of quantum nanostructures, basic principles of electron field emission, and vacuum nanoelectronic devices operation, and offers as insight state-of-the-art and future researches and developments. This book also evaluates the results of research and development of novel quantum electron sources that will determine the future development of vacuum nanoelectronics. Further to this, the influence of quantum mechanical effects on high frequency vacuum nanoelectronic devices is also assessed. Key features: • In-depth description and analysis of the fundamentals of Quantum Electron effects in novel electron sources. • Comprehensive and up-to-date summary of the physics and technologies for THz sources for students of physical and engineering specialties and electronics engineers. • Unique coverage of quantum physical results for electron-field emission and novel electron sources with quantum effects, relevant for many applications such as electron microscopy, electron lithography, imaging and communication systems and signal processing. • New approaches for realization of electron sources with required and optimal parameters in electronic devices such as vacuum micro and nanoelectronics. This is an essential reference for researchers working in terahertz technology wanting to expand their knowledge of electron beam generation in vacuum and electron source quantum concepts. It is also valuable to advanced students in electronics engineering and physics who want to deepen their understanding of this topic. Ultimately, the progress of the quantum nanostructure theory and technology will promote the progress and development of electron sources as main part of vacuum macro-, micro- and nanoelectronics.

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices
Author: An Chen,James Hutchby,Victor Zhirnov,George Bourianoff
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2015-01-27
ISBN 10: 1118447743
ISBN 13: 9781118447741
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices Book Review:

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future. This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh perspective on emerging research devices in 26 up to date chapters written by the leading researchers in their respective areas. It supplements and extends the work performed by the Emerging Research Devices working group of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Key features: Serves as an authoritative tutorial on innovative devices and architectures that populate the dynamic world of “Beyond CMOS” technologies. Provides a realistic assessment of the strengths, weaknesses and key unknowns associated with each technology. Suggests guidelines for the directions of future development of each technology. Emphasizes physical concepts over mathematical development. Provides an essential resource for students, researchers and practicing engineers.

Cooling of Microelectronic and Nanoelectronic Equipment

Cooling of Microelectronic and Nanoelectronic Equipment
Author: Madhusudan Iyengar,Karl J L Geisler,Bahgat Sammakia
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2014-08-25
ISBN 10: 9814579807
ISBN 13: 9789814579803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooling of Microelectronic and Nanoelectronic Equipment Book Review:

To celebrate Professor Avi Bar-Cohen's 65th birthday, this unique volume is a collection of recent advances and emerging research from various luminaries and experts in the field. Cutting-edge technologies and research related to thermal management and thermal packaging of micro- and nanoelectronics are covered, including enhanced heat transfer, heat sinks, liquid cooling, phase change materials, synthetic jets, computational heat transfer, electronics reliability, 3D packaging, thermoelectrics, data centers, and solid state lighting. This book can be used by researchers and practitioners of thermal engineering to gain insight into next generation thermal packaging solutions. It is an excellent reference text for graduate-level courses in heat transfer and electronics packaging. Contents:A Review of Cooling Road Maps for 3D Chip Packages (Dereje Agonafer)Thermal Performance Mapping of Direct Liquid Cooled 3D Chip Stacks (Karl J L Geisler and Avram Bar-Cohen)Dynamic Thermal Management Considering Accurate Temperature-Leakage Interdependency (Bing Shi and Ankur Srivastava)Energy Reduction and Performance Maximization Through Improved Cooling (David Copeland)Optimal Choice of Heat Sinks from an Industrial Point of View (Clemens J M Lasance)Synthetic Jets for Heat Transfer Augmentation in Microelectronics Systems (Mehmet Arik and Enes Tamdogan)Recent Advance in Thermoelectric Devices for Electronics Cooling (Peng Wang)Energy Efficient Solid-State Cooling for Hot Spot Removal (Kazuaki Yazawa, Andrei Fedorov, Yogendra Joshi and Ali Shakouri)An Overview of the Use of Phase Change Materials for the Thermal Management of Transient Portable Electronics: Benefits and Challenges (Amy S Fleischer)Estimation of Cooling Performance of Phase Change Material (PCM) Module (Masaru Ishizuka and Tomoyuki Hatakeyama)Optimization Under Uncertainty for Electronics Cooling Design (Karthik K Bodla, Jayathi Y Murthy and Suresh V Garimella)Hydrophilic CNT-Sintered Copper Composite Wick for Enhanced Cooling (Glen A Powell, Anuradha Bulusu, Justin A Weibel, Sungwon S Kim, Suresh V Garimella and Timothy S Fisher)A Cabinet Level Thermal Test Vehicle to Evaluate Hybrid Double-Sided Cooling Schemes (Qihong Nie and Yogendra Joshi)Energy Efficiency and Reliability Risk Mitigation of Data Centers Through Prognostics and Health Management (Jun Dai, Michael Ohadi and Michael Pecht)Damage Pre-Cursors Based Assessment of Accrued Thermomechanical Damage and Remaining Useful Life in Field Deployed Electronics (Pradeep Lall, Mahendra Harsha, Kai Goebel and Jim Jones)Towards Embedded Cooling — Gen 3 Thermal Packaging Technology (Avram Bar-Cohen) Readership: Researchers, practitioners, and postgraduates in mechanical engineering, nanoelectronics, computer engineering, and electrical & electronic engineering. Keywords:Electronics Cooling;Electronics Packaging;Thermal Management;Thermal Sciences;Electronics Reliability;Thermoelectrics;Computational Heat Transfer;Liquid Cooling

Fowler Nordheim Field Emission

Fowler Nordheim Field Emission
Author: Sitangshu Bhattacharya,Kamakhya Prasad Ghatak
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2012-01-13
ISBN 10: 3642204937
ISBN 13: 9783642204937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fowler Nordheim Field Emission Book Review:

This monograph solely presents the Fowler-Nordheim field emission (FNFE) from semiconductors and their nanostructures. The materials considered are quantum confined non-linear optical, III-V, II-VI, Ge, Te, carbon nanotubes, PtSb2, stressed materials, Bismuth, GaP, Gallium Antimonide, II-V, Bi2Te3, III-V, II-VI, IV-VI and HgTe/CdTe superlattices with graded interfaces and effective mass superlattices under magnetic quantization and quantum wires of the aforementioned superlattices. The FNFE in opto-electronic materials and their quantum confined counterparts is studied in the presence of light waves and intense electric fields on the basis of newly formulated electron dispersion laws that control the studies of such quantum effect devices. The importance of band gap measurements in opto-electronic materials in the presence of external fields is discussed from this perspective. This monograph contains 200 open research problems which form the very core and are useful for Ph. D students and researchers. The book can also serve as a basis for a graduate course on field emission from solids.

Self Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems

Self Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems
Author: Yoon S. Lee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2011-10-24
ISBN 10: 1118103696
ISBN 13: 9781118103692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Self Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems Book Review:

A fundamental resource for understanding and developing effective self-assembly and nanotechnology systems Systematically integrating self-assembly, nanoassembly, and nanofabrication into one easy-to-use source, Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems effectively helps students, professors, and researchers comprehend and develop applicable techniques for use in the field. Through case studies, countless examples, clear questions, and general applications, this book provides experiment-oriented techniques for designing, applying, and characterizing self-assembly and nanotechnology systems. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems includes: Techniques for identifying assembly building units Practical assembly methods to focus on when developing nanomaterials, nanostructures, nanoproperties, nanofabricated systems, and nanomechanics Algorithmic diagrams in each chapter for a general overview Schematics designed to link assembly principles with actual systems Hands-on lab activities This informative reference also analyzes the diverse origins and structures of assembly building units, segmental analysis, and selection of assembly principles, methods, characterization techniques, and predictive models. Complementing the author's previous conceptually based book on this topic, Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems is a practical guide that grants practitioners not only the skills to properly analyze assembly building units but also how to work with applications to exercise and develop their knowledge of this rapidly advancing scientific field.

Introduction to Nanoelectronics

Introduction to Nanoelectronics
Author: Vladimir V. Mitin,Viatcheslav A. Kochelap,Michael A. Stroscio
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0521881722
ISBN 13: 9780521881722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Nanoelectronics Book Review:

Textbook presenting the fundamentals of nanoscience and nanotechnology with a view to nanoelectronics. Covers the underlying physics; nanostructures, including nanoobjects; methods for growth, fabrication and characterization of nanomaterials; and nanodevices. Provides a unifying framework for the basic ideas needed to understand the recent developments in the field. Includes numerous illustrations, homework problems and a number of interactive Java applets. For advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, nanoscience, materials, bioengineering and chemical engineering. Instructor solutions and Java applets available from www.cambridge.org/9780521881722.

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics
Author: Mohamed Henini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN 10: 9780080560472
ISBN 13: 0080560474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics Book Review:

The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Introduction to Nanoscience

Introduction to Nanoscience
Author: Stuart Lindsay
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0199544212
ISBN 13: 9780199544219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Nanoscience Book Review:

Accompanying disc contains Powerpoint slides, animations and texts in various formats.

Nanoelectronic Materials

Nanoelectronic Materials
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2019-06-27
ISBN 10: 3030216217
ISBN 13: 9783030216214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoelectronic Materials Book Review:

This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?