Spectroscopy Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science

Spectroscopy  Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science
Author: Mieke Adriaens,Mark Dowsett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2021-07-03
ISBN 10: 0128188618
ISBN 13: 9780128188613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopy Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science Book Review:

Spectroscopy, Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science gives an overview of the main spectroscopy and diffraction techniques currently available for cultural heritage research. It starts with an introductory, general discussion of spectroscopy and diffraction and the kinds of information they can give. Further sections deal with, respectively, typical laboratory methods, mobile equipment, and large-scale instruments and infrastructural methods. The work concludes with comments on combining and comparing multiple techniques, sources of error, and limitations of the analytical methods. Explains spectroscopy and diffraction techniques in detail, yet remains accessible to those without a chemistry or physics background Provides explanations of commonly used terms, such as destructive, non-destructive, non-invasive, in-situ, and ex-situ, and their sometimes-misleading origins Includes real-world examples that demonstrate how each technique is used in the field Highlights the complementary use of different analytical techniques in fully interpreting the data

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2007-07-06
ISBN 10: 9780080548814
ISBN 13: 0080548814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by others, and detect fraudulent paintings. · Demonstrates the amazing efforts being made in using physical techniques for the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage · Provides succinct accounts of how cultural heritage is being preserved. · Looks at how science is being used to enrich our knowledge of the creative arts

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage
Author: Gilberto Artioli,Ivana Angelini
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2010-07-08
ISBN 10: 0199548269
ISBN 13: 9780199548262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

Conservation of Easel Paintings

Conservation of Easel Paintings
Author: Joyce Hill Stoner,Rebecca Rushfield
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 914
Release: 2020-11-29
ISBN 10: 042968097X
ISBN 13: 9780429680977
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation of Easel Paintings Book Review:

Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition provides a much-anticipated update to the previous edition, which has come to be known internationally as an invaluable and comprehensive text on the history, philosophy and methods of the treatment of easel paintings. Including 49 chapters written by more than 90 respected authors from around the world, this volume offers the necessary background knowledge in technical art history, artists’ materials and scientific methods of examination and documentation. Later sections of the book provide information about the varying approaches and methods for treatment and issues of preventive conservation, as well as valuable reflections on storage, shipping, and exhibition. Including exciting developments that have taken place since the last edition was published, the book also covers new techniques of examination, especially MacroXRF scanning and Reflectance Transmission Imagery. Drawing on research presented at recent professional conferences, information about innovative methods for cleaning modern and contemporary paintings and insights into modern oil paints is also included. Incorporating the latest regulations and understanding of health and safety practices and integrating theory with practice throughout, Conservation of Easel Paintings, Second Edition will continue to be an indispensable reference for practicing conservators. It will also be an essential resource for students taking conservation courses around the world.

Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage

Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage
Author: Rocco Mazzeo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2017-01-25
ISBN 10: 3319528041
ISBN 13: 9783319528045
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage Book Review:

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience.Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Synchrotron Radiation

Synchrotron Radiation
Author: Settimio Mobilio,Federico Boscherini,Carlo Meneghini
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 799
Release: 2014-08-06
ISBN 10: 364255315X
ISBN 13: 9783642553158
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synchrotron Radiation Book Review:

Synchrotron radiation is today extensively used for fundamental and applied research in many different fields of science. Its exceptional characteristics in terms of intensity, brilliance, spectral range, time structure and now also coherence pushed many experimental techniques to previously un-reachable limits, enabling the performance of experiments unbelievable only few years ago. The book gives an up-to-date overview of synchrotron radiation research today with a view to the future, starting from its generation and sources, its interaction with matter, illustrating the main experimental technique employed and provides an overview of the main fields of research in which new and innovative results are obtained. The book is addressed to PhD students and young researchers to provide both an introductory and a rather deep knowledge of the field. It will also be helpful to experienced researcher who want to approach the field in a professional way.

Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage

Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage
Author: Philippe Dillmann,Ludovic Bellot-Gurlet,Irène Nenner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2016-05-24
ISBN 10: 946239198X
ISBN 13: 9789462391987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

This book aims to give state of the art in several domains of cultural heritage in which Nanosciences allow fundamental breakthrough. The first part of the book concerns nanostructured materials in ancient artifacts. Understanding their nature and formation processes bring new insight in the apprehension of technical level of ancient societies but can also inspire the design of new materials. The second part is dedicated to the understanding of materials. This crucial issue in material science today, for cultural heritage, needs to perform specific characterization techniques and technologies, but also to create tailored analytical strategies. Part three presents new methods, processes and materials at nano levels that can bring innovative solutions to conservation and restoration issues, linked with the understanding of the alteration processes involved at different scales.

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2006-05-02
ISBN 10: 9780080461861
ISBN 13: 0080461867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

The first of its kind, this series is devoted to the use of physical principles in the study and scientific conservation of objects with cultural heritage significance. It begins with a review of the modern museum, which discusses new techniques employed in the conservation of museum artifacts such as X-ray tomography and other techniques used to study Egyptian mummies, bones and mineralization of bones in the archaeological context, and the degradation of parchment. All of these topics and techniques are essential for the preservation of our history. This includes finding ways to preserve parchment documents and letters, which much of our written heritage is documented on, so that it can be used and understood for generations to come. This book is a must have for any museum as well as any university that teaches or employs the techniques discussed. Written in a style that is readily understandable by conservation scientists, archaeologists, museum curators, and students Provides an introduction to the advanced fields of synchrotron radiation science, neutron science, and computed tomography Outstanding review of the use of modern technology to study museum and archaeological artifacts Offers solutions through advanced scientific techniques to a wide range of problems facing museum staff

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Author: Nikolay Kardjilov,Giulia Festa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2016-12-15
ISBN 10: 3319331639
ISBN 13: 9783319331638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

This book provides an extensive overview of the application of neutron characterization techniques in cultural heritage to a broad audience and will be of interest to both scientists and non-scientists in the field. Archaeologists, paleontologists, restaurateurs and conservators, historians and collectors will be fascinated by the wealth of information that can be obtained using neutron techniques, while material scientists and engineers will find details of the experimental techniques and materials properties that can be determined. Neutrons, due to their weak interactions with materials, provide a penetrating, but non-invasive probe of bulk properties. They allow the characterization of the composition and mechanical properties of materials, helping to answer questions related to the dating, the manufacturing process or the state of degradation of artefacts. They allow detailed interrogation of the internal structures of objects that may be otherwise hidden from view. The first section of the book is dedicated to stories describing spectacular discoveries brought about by the use of neutron techniques in a range of applications. The second section covers the experimental techniques in appropriate detail: basic principles, limitations and fields of application.

Radiation in Art and Archeometry

Radiation in Art and Archeometry
Author: D.C. Creagh,D.A. Bradley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2000-06-14
ISBN 10: 9780080540191
ISBN 13: 0080540198
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation in Art and Archeometry Book Review:

/inca/publications/misc/creaghcov.htmAbout the cover This book contains twenty chapters covering a wide range of research in the fields of scientific conservation of art and archaeometry. The common thread is the use of radiation in these analyses. The term "radiation" is used in the widest possible sense. The book encompasses the use of electromagnetic radiation in its microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x ray and &ggr; ray forms and the use of particulate forms such as electrons, neutrons and charged particles for which the Planck's Law relation applies. In many cases there is an interplay between the two forms: for example, proton induced x ray emission (PIXE), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). As far as possible the chapters have been arranged in order of ascending particle energy. Thus it commences with the use of microwaves and finishes with the use of &ggr; rays. The authors were chosen on the basis of their expertise as practitioners of their particular field of study. This means that, for example, the mature fields of study such as the IR and UV study of paintings have been written by senior researchers, whereas for the emerging fields of synchrotron and neutron techniques the chapters have been written by talented researchers at the commencement of their careers.

Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non Destructive Testing and Micro Analysis

Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non Destructive Testing and Micro Analysis
Author: Rene van Grieken,Koen Janssens
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2005-09-27
ISBN 10: 0203970780
ISBN 13: 9780203970782
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non Destructive Testing and Micro Analysis Book Review:

This book mostly contains contributions by the invited lecturers at the 7th International Conference on Non-Destructive Testing and Micro-Analysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage. The contributors have all been chosen for their individual reputations and the quality of their research, but also because they represent a field deemed highly important. Hence, this book give balanced coverage of the areas that are most relevant in non-destructive testing and micro-analysis in the realm of cultural heritage. The analysis methods provide the clinical composition of cultural artifacts to elucidate their provenance, the rate of alteration as a result of exposure to the environment and the effectiveness of conservation and restoration strategies. The techniques are partially or fully non-destructive, are portable, or allow study of different parts of a heterogeneous work of art.

Vermeer Illuminated

Vermeer Illuminated
Author: Jørgen Wadum,René Hoppenbrouwers
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 48
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: CHI:41427361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vermeer Illuminated Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
Author: C.E.R. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444601406
ISBN 13: 9780444601407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis presents the Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Analytical Pyrolysis, held in Amsterdam on September 7-9, 1976. It looks at newly emergent techniques in analytical pyrolysis, including pyrolysis mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography. The book also covers topics ranging from automation and microbiology to forensic science and pharmacology, reproducibility and specificity, biochemistry, laser-induced pyrolysis, pyrolytic reaction mechanisms, and polymers. Comprised of 50 chapters, this book begins with a discussion of automatic analysis of tire rubber blends using computer-linked pyrolysis gas chromatography, thermal procedures in coupling with thin-layer chromatography, the role of pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography in biomedical studies, and the identification of microorganisms by pyrolysis gas-liquid chromatography. It then examines forensic applications of analytical pyrolysis techniques, structure and degradation behavior of synthetic polymers using pyrolysis in combination with field ion mass spectrometry, determination of polysaccharides in fulvic acids by pyrolysis gas chromatography, and application of Curie-point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy. The reader is also introduced to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of model compounds labeled with stable isotopes, the use of pyrolysis/gas chromatography to determine the quality of porous polymers of styrene cross-linked with divinyl benzene, and application of pyrohydrolysis for a rapid and accurate determination of halides in silicate rocks and minerals. This volume will benefit students, researchers, chemists, and scientists working in the field of analytical pyrolysis.

X Ray Diffraction Imaging

X Ray Diffraction Imaging
Author: Joel Greenberg
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-11-02
ISBN 10: 0429591802
ISBN 13: 9780429591808
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray Diffraction Imaging Book Review:

This book explores novel methods for implementing X-ray diffraction technology as an imaging modality, which have been made possible through recent breakthroughs in detector technology, computational power, and data processing algorithms. The ability to perform fast, spatially-resolved X-ray diffraction throughout the volume of a sample opens up entirely new possibilities in areas such as material analysis, cancer diagnosis, and explosive detection, thus offering the potential to revolutionize the fields of medical, security, and industrial imaging and detection. Featuring chapters written by an international selection of authors from both academia and industry, the book provides a comprehensive discussion of the underlying physics, architectures, and applications of X-ray diffraction imaging that is accessible and relevant to neophytes and experts alike. Teaches novel methods for X-ray diffraction imaging Comprehensive and self-contained discussion of the relevant physics, imaging techniques, system components, and data processing algorithms Features state-of-the-art work of international authors from both academia and industry. Includes practical applications in the medical, industrial, and security sectors

Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials

Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials
Author: K. Janssens,R. Van Grieken
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 828
Release: 2004-11-26
ISBN 10: 9780080454429
ISBN 13: 0080454429
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non destructive Micro Analysis of Cultural Heritage Materials Book Review:

This book provides the scientific and technical background materials of non-destructive methods of microscopic analysis that are suitable for analysing works of art, museum pieces and archeaological artefacts. Written by experts in the field, this multi-author volume contains a number of case studies, illustrating the value of these methods. The book is suited to natural scientists and analysts looking to increase their knowledge of the various methods that are currently available for non-destructive analysis. It is also the perfect resource for museum curators, archaeologists and art-historians seeking to identify one or more suitable methods of analysis that could solve material-related problems.

Conservation Research in Libraries

Conservation Research in Libraries
Author: David Howell,Ludo Snijders
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-06-08
ISBN 10: 3110375370
ISBN 13: 9783110375374
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation Research in Libraries Book Review:

Conservation research in libraries is a rapidly growing field. This book places analysis within its context in conservation and provides examples of how this expensive resource can be used. Through a series of case studies, it describes major analytical procedures, including visualization, molecular, elemental and separation techniques as well as chemical tests. It is thus a suitable reference work for library conservators and curators. Please note: Despite careful production of our books, sometimes mistakes happen. Unfortunately, the authorship for some chapters wasn’t correct in the original publication. Chapter 5 was written by Andrew Beeby and David Howell as co-author, chapter 6 by Kelly Domoney and David Howell as co-author, and chapter 9 is authored by Anita Quye. This will be corrected. We apologize for the mistake.

X rays for Archaeology

X rays for Archaeology
Author: M. Uda,G. Demortier,I. Nakai
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2005-08-10
ISBN 10: 9781402035807
ISBN 13: 1402035802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X rays for Archaeology Book Review:

The application of X-rays to objects of archaeology and insights into construction and chemical composition in a non-destructive manner date back to the discovery of radiation. This book contains measurement data taken with portable XRF and XRD, and data taken with accelerating ion beams and synchrotron radiations, and with their explanation.

Nuclear Techniques for Cultural Heritage Research

Nuclear Techniques for Cultural Heritage Research
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9789201145109
ISBN 13: 9201145101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Techniques for Cultural Heritage Research Book Review:

"Scientific studies of art and archaeology are a necessary complement to cultural heritage conservation, preservation and investigation. Nuclear techniques, such as neutron activation analysis, X ray fluorescence analysis and ion beam analysis, have a potential for non-destructive and reliable investigation of precious artefacts and materials, such as ceramics, stone, metal, and pigments from paintings. Such information can be helpful in repair of damaged objects, in identification of fraudulent artefacts and in the appropriate categorization of historic artefacts."--Page 4 of cover.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2009-07-29
ISBN 10: 0309142393
ISBN 13: 9780309142397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Book Review:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Heritage Wood

Heritage Wood
Author: Austin Nevin,Malgorzata Sawicki
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2019-10-12
ISBN 10: 3030110540
ISBN 13: 9783030110543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heritage Wood Book Review:

This volume highlights recent research efforts in the conservation and investigation of works of art on wood. Through eleven case studies it showcases different experimental methods ranging from X-ray analysis of objects to the study of cross-sections made from micro-samples. New research focusing on the technical study, treatment and assessment of works of art on wood in its many forms is featured in this edited volume. Technical studies include the attribution and investigations of a triptych by Hans Memling and a sculpture from workshop of Michel and Gregor Erhart, decorated Syrian rooms, and investigations of finely carved Gothic wooden objects. Synchrotron-based methods are presented for studying the alteration of 19th c. verdigris in Norway, and multi-analytical methods are employed for the investigations of 16th to 19th c. East Asian lacquer from the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Novel methods for the cleaning of gilded surfaces using gels and emulsions are shown, as are innovative strategies for the consolidation for waterlogged wood, providing key data for the assessment of risks and benefits of new methods, and the short and long-term effects on gilding layers and archaeological wood. The book clearly shows how collaboration between engineers, physicists, biologists and chemists and conservators of different types of materials can lead to new research in conservation science. This book is crucial reading for conservators and conservation scientists, as well as for technical art historians, providing key methodological case studies of polychromy from different temporal and geographical contexts.