Solar Cosmic Rays

Solar Cosmic Rays
Author: L.I. Miroshnichenko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401596468
ISBN 13: 9789401596466
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Cosmic Rays Book Review:

It turned out to be really a rare and happy occasion that we know exact1y when and how a new branch of space physics was born, namely, a physics of solar cosmic rays. It happened on February 28 and March 7, 1942 when the fIrst "cosmic ray bursts" were recorded on the Earth, and the Sun was unambiguously identifIed for the fIrst time as the source of high-velocity 10 particles with energies up to > 10 eV. Just due to such a high energy these relativistic particles have been called "solar cosmic rays" (SCR), in distinction from the "true" cosmic rays of galactic origin. Between 1942 and the beginning ofthe space era in 1957 only extremely high energy solar particle events could be occasionally recorded by cosmic ray ground-Ievel detectors and balloon borne sensors. Since then the detection techniques varied considerably and the study of SCR turned into essential part of solar and solar-terrestrial physics.

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780309180665
ISBN 13: 030918066X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Review:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Part B

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Part B
Author: Charles E. Swenberg,Gerda Horneck,E.G. Stassinopoulous
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 939
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461529166
ISBN 13: 9781461529163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Part B Book Review:

Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed and have been adopted by spacefaring agencies, for exploratory class missions that will take the space travellers outside the protective confines of the geomagnetic field sufficient guidelines for radiation protection are still outstanding. For a piloted Mars mission, the whole concept of radiation protection needs to be reconsidered. Since there is an increasing interest of many nations and space agencies in establishing a lunar base and lor exploring Mars by manned missions, it is both, timely and important to develop appropriate risk estimates and radiation protection guidelines which will have an influence on the design and structure of space vehicles and habitation areas of the extraterrestrial settlements. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary effort to assess the state of art in our knowledge on the radiation situation during deep space missions and on the impact of this complex radiation environment on the space traveller. It comprises the lectures by the faculty members as well as short contributions by the students given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation" held in Armacao de Pera, Portugal, 12-23 October, 1991.

Radiation and the International Space Station

Radiation and the International Space Station
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Solar and Space Physics and Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 92
Release: 2000-02-25
ISBN 10: 9780309172448
ISBN 13: 0309172446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation and the International Space Station Book Review:

A major objective of the International Space Station is learning how to cope with the inherent risks of human spaceflight--how to live and work in space for extended periods. The construction of the station itself provides the first opportunity for doing so. Prominent among the challenges associated with ISS construction is the large amount of time that astronauts will be spending doing extravehicular activity (EVA), or "space walks." EVAs from the space shuttle have been extraordinarily successful, most notably the on-orbit repair of the Hubble Space Telescope. But the number of hours of EVA for ISS construction exceeds that of the Hubble repair mission by orders of magnitude. Furthermore, the ISS orbit has nearly twice the inclination to Earth's equator as Hubble's orbit, so it spends part of every 90-minute circumnavigation at high latitudes, where Earth's magnetic field is less effective at shielding impinging radiation. This means that astronauts sweeping through these regions will be considerably more vulnerable to dangerous doses of energetic particles from a sudden solar eruption. Radiation and the International Space Station estimates that the likelihood of having a potentially dangerous solar event during an EVA is indeed very high. This report recommends steps that can be taken immediately, and over the next several years, to provide adequate warning so that the astronauts can be directed to take protective cover inside the ISS or shuttle. The near-term actions include programmatic and operational ways to take advantage of the multiagency assets that currently monitor and forecast space weather, and ways to improve the in situ measurements and the predictive power of current models.

Lunar Sourcebook

Lunar Sourcebook
Author: Grant Heiken,David Vaniman,Bevan M. French
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 736
Release: 1991-04-26
ISBN 10: 9780521334440
ISBN 13: 0521334446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lunar Sourcebook Book Review:

The only work to date to collect data gathered during the American and Soviet missions in an accessible and complete reference of current scientific and technical information about the Moon.

Cosmic Rays at Earth

Cosmic Rays at Earth
Author: P.K.F. Grieder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1112
Release: 2001-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780080530055
ISBN 13: 0080530052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays at Earth Book Review:

In 1912 Victor Franz Hess made the revolutionary discovery that ionizing radiation is incident upon the Earth from outer space. He showed with ground-based and balloon-borne detectors that the intensity of the radiation did not change significantly between day and night. Consequently, the sun could not be regarded as the sources of this radiation and the question of its origin remained unanswered. Today, almost one hundred years later the question of the origin of the cosmic radiation still remains a mystery. Hess' discovery has given an enormous impetus to large areas of science, in particular to physics, and has played a major role in the formation of our current understanding of universal evolution. For example, the development of new fields of research such as elementary particle physics, modern astrophysics and cosmology are direct consequences of this discovery. Over the years the field of cosmic ray research has evolved in various directions: Firstly, the field of particle physics that was initiated by the discovery of many so-called elementary particles in the cosmic radiation. There is a strong trend from the accelerator physics community to reenter the field of cosmic ray physics, now under the name of astroparticle physics. Secondly, an important branch of cosmic ray physics that has rapidly evolved in conjunction with space exploration concerns the low energy portion of the cosmic ray spectrum. Thirdly, the branch of research that is concerned with the origin, acceleration and propagation of the cosmic radiation represents a great challenge for astrophysics, astronomy and cosmology. Presently very popular fields of research have rapidly evolved, such as high-energy gamma ray and neutrino astronomy. In addition, high-energy neutrino astronomy may soon initiate as a likely spin-off neutrino tomography of the Earth and thus open a unique new branch of geophysical research of the interior of the Earth. Finally, of considerable interest are the biological and medical aspects of the cosmic radiation because of it ionizing character and the inevitable irradiation to which we are exposed. This book is a reference manual for researchers and students of cosmic ray physics and associated fields and phenomena. It is not intended to be a tutorial. However, the book contains an adequate amount of background materials that its content should be useful to a broad community of scientists and professionals. The present book contains chiefly a data collection in compact form that covers the cosmic radiation in the vicinity of the Earth, in the Earth's atmosphere, at sea level and underground. Included are predominantly experimental but also theoretical data. In addition the book contains related data, definitions and important relations. The aim of this book is to offer the reader in a single volume a readily available comprehensive set of data that will save him the need of frequent time consuming literature searches.

Cosmic Rays and Earth

Cosmic Rays and Earth
Author: J.W. Bieber,E. Eroshenko,P. Evenson,E.O. Flückiger,R. Kallenbach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 9401711879
ISBN 13: 9789401711876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays and Earth Book Review:

The year 1998 marked the 50th anniversary of the invention of the neutron monitor, a key research tool in the field of space physics and solar-terrestrial relations. In honor of this occasion a workshop entitled 'Cosmic Rays and Earth' was organized to review the detection of cosmic rays at the surface and in the lower atmosphere of Earth, including the effect that this radiation has on the terrestrial environment. A special focus was the role of neutron monitors in the investigation of this radiation, on the science enabled by the unique dataset of the worldwide network of neutron monitors, and on continuing opportunities to use these data to solve outstanding problems. This book is the principal product of that workshop, integrating the contribu tions of all participants. Following a general summary of the workshop prepared by the editors, the volume leads off with a keynote article by Professor John Simpson describing his invention of the neutron monitor in 1948 and the early scientific discoveries made with this instrument.

Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace
Author: Natalia Buzulukova
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2017-12-01
ISBN 10: 0128127015
ISBN 13: 9780128127018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Events in Geospace Book Review:

Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose danger to human health, it is increasingly important to synthesize the information available on not only those consequences but also the origins and predictability of such events. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences is a valuable source for providing the latest research for geophysicists and space weather scientists, as well as industries impacted by space weather events, including GNSS satellites and radio communication, power grids, aviation, and human spaceflight. The list of first/second authors includes M. Hapgood, N. Gopalswamy, K.D. Leka, G. Barnes, Yu. Yermolaev, P. Riley, S. Sharma, G. Lakhina, B. Tsurutani, C. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, J. Love, P. Bedrosian, N. Buzulukova, M. Sitnov, W. Denig, M. Panasyuk, R. Hajra, D. Ferguson, S. Lai, L. Narici, K. Tobiska, G. Gapirov, A. Mannucci, T. Fuller-Rowell, X. Yue, G. Crowley, R. Redmon, V. Airapetian, D. Boteler, M. MacAlester, S. Worman, D. Neudegg, and M. Ishii. Helps to define extremes in space weather and describes existing methods of analysis Discusses current scientific understanding of these events and outlines future challenges Considers the ways in which space weather may affect daily life Demonstrates deep connections between astrophysics, heliophysics, and space weather applications, including a discussion of extreme space weather events from the past Examines national and space policy issues concerning space weather in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space

Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space
Author: Trutz Foelsche
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 51
Release: 1962
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112106593301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Estimates of Radiation Doses in Space Book Review:

Electromagnetic Radiation in Space

Electromagnetic Radiation in Space
Author: J.G. Emming
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401035261
ISBN 13: 9789401035262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electromagnetic Radiation in Space Book Review:

The subject of this volume in the Astrophysics and Space Science Library is Electro magnetic Radiation in Space. It is essentially based on the lectures given at the third ESRO Summer School which was held from 19 July to 13 August, 1965, in Alpbach, Austria. Fifty-eight selected students attended the courses representing the following countries: Austria (2), Belgium (1), Denmark (1), France (12), Germany (10), Italy (7), Netherlands (2), Spain (4), Sweden (6), Switzerland (3), United Kingdom (9), United States (1). Thirteen lectures courses and nine seminars were given by sixteen different scientists in total. In this book the courses and seminars have been classified in three parts according to the kind of radiation which they mainly deal with: Ultraviolet Radiation, X Radiation and Cosmic Radiation. These parts can be broken down further in theo retical and observational aspects, whereas in the first and second part solar as well as stellar ultraviolet- and X-radiation can be distinguished. * Due to various reasons the publication of this volume had to be delayed; it was therefore judged appropriate to bring the text up to date. The various lecturers have been asked to revise the manuscripts and to eventually add new information which has been acquired in this rapidly evolving field of space astrophysics. Most authors have responded positively to this request, some even have completely rewritten the manuscript.

Cosmic Rays in the Earth s Atmosphere and Underground

Cosmic Rays in the Earth   s Atmosphere and Underground
Author: Lev Dorman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 862
Release: 2013-03-19
ISBN 10: 1402021135
ISBN 13: 9781402021138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays in the Earth s Atmosphere and Underground Book Review:

The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M2005) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical Physics), my supervisor Professor D. I. Blokhintsev planned for me, as a winner of a Red Diploma, to continue my education as an aspirant (a graduate student) to prepare for Ph. D. in his very secret Object in the framework of what was in those time called the Atomic Problem. To my regret the KGB withheld permission, and I, together with other Jewish students who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, were faced with a real prospect of being without any work. It was our good fortune that at that time there was being brought into being the new Cosmic Ray Project (what at that time was also very secret, but not as secret as the Atomic Problem), and after some time we were directed to work on this Project. It was organized and headed by Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union Section of Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical part of the Project.

Solar Activity Events and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Solar Activity  Events  and Galactic Cosmic Radiation
Author: Kira Brianne Shonkwiler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780128195918
ISBN 13: 0128195916
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Activity Events and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Book Review:

Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation: Effects on the Earth's Atmospheres give students and researchers in Atmospheric Science, Solar Physics and Climatology a more concise perspective on the Earth's atmospheres and how they are affected by solar emissions. It reviews a wide range of topics relating to the effects from solar activity on the Earth's climate including impacts on the energy budget, the effect of emission on tides and dynamics, how solar emissions change on different time scales and the ramifications on modelling paleoclimates. By providing greater insight on how solar emissions change as they travel through the atmosphere, Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation: Effects on the Earth's Atmospheres guides the reader on how to present these emissions, along with observations and indices. Thoroughly reviews the impacts of solar activity and radiation on the Earth's Atmosphere and Climate, including effects on the energy budget, tides and dynamics and modelling paleoclimates The topic is broken down by atmospheric level for greater understanding Additionally covers of the Global Electric Circuit and the indirect impacted by solar emissions

Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Encyclopedia of the Solar System
Author: Lucy-Ann McFadden,Torrence Johnson,Paul Weissman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 992
Release: 2006-12-18
ISBN 10: 9780080474984
ISBN 13: 0080474985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of the Solar System Book Review:

Long before Galileo published his discoveries about Jupiter, lunar craters, and the Milky Way in the Starry Messenger in 1610, people were fascinated with the planets and stars around them. That interest continues today, and scientists are making new discoveries at an astounding rate. Ancient lake beds on Mars, robotic spacecraft missions, and new definitions of planets now dominate the news. How can you take it all in? Start with the new Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Second Edition. This self-contained reference follows the trail blazed by the bestselling first edition. It provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—and has jumped light years ahead in terms of new information and visual impact. Offering more than 50% new material, the Encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of new color digital images and illustrations, and more than 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. · Forty-seven chapters from 75+ eminent authors review fundamental topics as well as new models, theories, and discussions · Each entry is detailed and scientifically rigorous, yet accessible to undergraduate students and amateur astronomers · More than 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories amplify the chapters · Thematic chapters provide up-to-date coverage, including a discussion on the new International Astronomical Union (IAU) vote on the definition of a planet · Information is easily accessible with numerous cross-references and a full glossary and index

Testing at the Speed of Light

Testing at the Speed of Light
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Committee on Space Radiation Effects Testing Infrastructure for the U.S. Space Program
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2018-06-08
ISBN 10: 030947082X
ISBN 13: 9780309470827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Testing at the Speed of Light Book Review:

Spacecraft depend on electronic components that must perform reliably over missions measured in years and decades. Space radiation is a primary source of degradation, reliability issues, and potentially failure for these electronic components. Although simulation and modeling are valuable for understanding the radiation risk to microelectronics, there is no substitute for testing, and an increased use of commercial-off-the- shelf parts in spacecraft may actually increase requirements for testing, as opposed to simulation and modeling. Testing at the Speed of Light evaluates the nation's current capabilities and future needs for testing the effects of space radiation on microelectronics to ensure mission success and makes recommendations on how to provide effective stewardship of the necessary radiation test infrastructure for the foreseeable future.

Solar Proton Manual

Solar Proton Manual
Author: Frank Bethune McDonald
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 117
Release: 1963
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000525470
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Proton Manual Book Review:

Summary: Solar particle outbursts are studied in an attempt to summarize the experimental knowledge in this field for the benefit of the spacecraft design engineer. A phenomenological description of solar particle events is presented and time histories and tabulated data are given for the major events. The anisotropy of high energy solar cosmic rays observed in several events is also treated.

Radiation Hazard in Space

Radiation Hazard in Space
Author: L.I. Miroshnichenko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 9401703019
ISBN 13: 9789401703017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Hazard in Space Book Review:

The mono graph contains 8 chapters, and their contents cover all principal aspects of the problem: 1. Introduction and brief his tory ofthe radiation problem and background information ofradiation hazard in the near-Earth and interplanetary space. 2. General description of radiation conditions and main sources of charged partic1es in the Earth's environment and interplanetary space, effects of space environment on spacecraft. 3. Basic information about physical conditions in space and main sources of charged particles in the Earth's environment and interplanetary space, in the context of "Space W eather" monitoring and prediction. 4. Trapped radiation belts of the Earth (ERB): theory of their origin, spatial and temporal dynamics, and experimental and statistical models. 5. Galactic cosmic rays (GCR): variations of energetic, temporal and spatial characteristics, long-term modulation, and anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) component, modeling oftheir dynamics. 6. Production of energetic particles (SEPs) at/ne ar the Sun: available databases, acceleration, propagation, and prediction of individual SEP event, statistical models of solar cosmic rays (SCR). 7. Existing empirical techniques of estimating, prediction and modeling of radiation hazard, methodical approaches and constraints, some questions of changes in the Earth's radiation environment due to changes of the solar activity level. 8. Unresolved problems of radiation hazard prediction and spacecraft protection, radiation experiments on board the spacecraft, estimating of radiation conditions during interplanetary missions. Space does not allow us to explain every time the solar-terrestrial and radiation physics nomencIature used in current English-language literature.

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-11-10
ISBN 10: 0309102642
ISBN 13: 9780309102643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Review:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics
Author: Oddbjørn Engvold,Jean-Claude Vial,Andrew Skumanich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2018-11-15
ISBN 10: 0128143355
ISBN 13: 9780128143353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics Book Review:

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics illustrates the significance of the Sun in understanding stars through an examination of the discoveries and insights gained from solar physics research. Ranging from theories to modeling and from numerical simulations to instrumentation and data processing, the book provides an overview of what we currently understand and how the Sun can be a model for gaining further knowledge about stellar physics. Providing both updates on recent developments in solar physics and applications to stellar physics, this book strengthens the solar–stellar connection and summarizes what we know about the Sun for the stellar, space, and geophysics communities. Applies observations, theoretical understanding, modeling capabilities and physical processes first revealed by the sun to the study of stellar physics Illustrates how studies of Proxima Solaris have led to progress in space science, stellar physics and related fields Uses characteristics of solar phenomena as a guide for understanding the physics of stars

Statistics of Solar Cosmic Rays as Inferred from Correlation with Intense Geomagnetic Storms

Statistics of Solar Cosmic Rays as Inferred from Correlation with Intense Geomagnetic Storms
Author: David Adamson,Robert E. Davidson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 1962
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112106590646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistics of Solar Cosmic Rays as Inferred from Correlation with Intense Geomagnetic Storms Book Review:

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:30000011060997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review: