Technology of Functional Cereal Products

Technology of Functional Cereal Products
Author: B R Hamaker
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2007-11-08
ISBN 10: 1845693884
ISBN 13: 9781845693886
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technology of Functional Cereal Products Book Review:

Cereal grains and their fractions contain many health-protecting compounds such as phytochemicals, vitamins and indigestible carbohydrates, but the texture and taste of functional cereal products can be less than ideal. This important collection reviews technologies for producing a wide range of cereal products with different health-promoting properties and more acceptable sensory quality. The first part of the book discusses the health effects of cereals, with chapters on topics such as whole grain foods, cereal micronutrients and resistant starch. Consumer perception of health-promoting cereal products and regulatory and labelling issues are also described. The second part focuses on technologies to improve the quality of functional cereal products, reviewing issues such as grain improvement, novel cereal-derived ingredients and formulation of low GI products. Chapters dedicated to a wide range of product types are also included, covering cereal foods made from oats, rye, barley and speciality grains and breads fortified with vitamins and minerals, soy and omega-3 lipids among others. Technology of functional cereal products is an essential reference for all those involved in research and development of health-promoting cereal-based foods. Reviews technologies for producing a wide range of cereal products Discusses the health effect of cereals, including whole grain foods and cereal micronutrients Describes consumer perception of health promoting cereal products

Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium

Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium
Author: Marni J. Falk
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2020-04-28
ISBN 10: 0128200308
ISBN 13: 9780128200308
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium Book Review:

The field of Mitochondrial Medicine has been dominated by symptom constellation-based diagnostic categorization since the first clinical syndrome was described three decades ago. Now, as rapidly expanding knowledge has revealed that mitochondrial diseases may result from several hundred distinct gene disorders with extensive clinical and mutation heterogeneity, the most useful guide for clinical care and research embraces a gene-centric approach to each individual’s disorder. Together with international colleagues, Dr. Marni Falk has developed the Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR), an online, community curated, centralized data resource of mitochondrial disease data from a genomic perspective. MSeqDR provides tens of thousands of users with interactive access to mitochondrial disease feature descriptions in a defined human phenotype ontology, mitochondrial proteome-based gene and variant curation, and a suite of easily accessible tools to facilitate analysis of complex genomic datasets in nuclear and mitochondrial genomes as well as accurate interpretation of mitochondrial disease genes, variants, and diseases. Here, in the Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium, Dr. Marni Falk and a team of international experts have built off their work on MSeqDR to provide an all-in-one, readily accessible, and easy-to-use at point of care reference on mitochondrial disease from a gene-based perspective. In this book, clinicians and researchers will find a complete overview of mitochondrial disease genes relevant across all specialties, cataloging and building context around clinical features and the genetic basis of each condition. Within, each "gene page" offers an in-depth, referenced view of the relevant clinical disease spectrum, including gene and protein descriptions, year discovered, inheritance pattern(s), age ranges affected, major clinical features and severity range, clinical pearls, known therapies, available support groups, animal models, and gene-specific basic, translational, or clinical research activities now underway. Links provided on each gene page direct readers to MSeqDR for new findings, up-to-date genomic variant data, and user friendly informatics tools accessible to general clinicians and sophisticated geneticists or bioinformaticians alike, ensuring access to updated information on each condition. Covering 256 mitochondrial disease genes that have been expert-curated to assure they cause human diseases and have known mitochondrial localization or impact mitochondrial function, the Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium is directed at clinicians and researchers, facilitating bedside access to high-level, curated knowledge on mitochondrial disease genetics that rapidly enables patient diagnosis, counseling, management, treatment, and research. Provides a readily intelligible, all-in-one reference of known mitochondrial disease genes and their associated conditions Features live links to Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR) pages with regularly updated genetic variant data and bioinformatics tools Covers the inheritance patterns, age spectrum affected, major clinical features, therapeutics, support groups, and research currently under way for over 250 mitochondrial diseases

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity
Author: Scott Elias
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 0444538224
ISBN 13: 9780444538222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity Book Review:

Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing ‘state of art’ discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts