Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2021-03-04
ISBN 10: 0128141190
ISBN 13: 9780128141199
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease provides a fascinating and in-depth analysis of sirtuins in the body during normal physiology as well during disease highlighting the targeting of sirtuin-controlled pathways for the development of innovative, efficacious, and safe therapeutic strategies for multiple disorders in the body that ultimately can affect lifespan extension. Sirtuins are expressed throughout the body, have broad biological effects, and can significantly impact both cellular survival and longevity during acute and long-term illnesses. These histone deacetylases play an intricate role in the pathology, progression, and treatment of several disease entities ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, reproductive dysfunction, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disease, drug dependency, and aging-related disorders. Implementing a translational medicine format, this unique reference highlights novel signaling pathways for sirtuins that promote stem cell proliferation, enhance cellular protection, modulate pathways of apoptosis and autophagy, and extend life span. Each chapter is presented with insightful detail that will be of interest and a comprehensive resource to audiences that include scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who discuss the broad role of sirtuins in health and disease Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for the compelling discipline of sirtuins by covering systems throughout the body Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-02-20
ISBN 10: 0128224843
ISBN 13: 9780128224847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery offers a compelling and thought-provoking perspective for the examination of the intriguing biology of sirtuins that ties cancer and metabolic disease together and provides a critical platform for the development of sirtuin-based novel therapeutic strategies to effectively treat cancer and metabolic disorders with precision in order to minimize any potentially detrimental clinical outcomes. An exciting prospect for the development of innovative therapeutics for cancer and metabolic disorders involves sirtuins. Sirtuins are histone deacetylases that have an intricate role in the onset and development of cancer and metabolic disease. Implementing a translational medicine format, this innovative reference highlights the ability of sirtuins to oversee critical pathways that involve stem cell maintenance, cellular proliferation, metabolic homeostasis, apoptosis, and autophagy that can impact cellular dysfunction and unchecked cellular growth that can occur during cancer and metabolic disease. Each chapter offers an intuitive perspective of advances on the application of sirtuin pathways for cancer and metabolic disease that will be become a "go-to" resource for a broad audience of scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who elucidate the intimate relationship between cancer and metabolic disease that intersects with sirtuin pathways Presents the basic and clinical role of sirtuins in regard to cancer and metabolic disease Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for this exciting field of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments for cancer and metabolic disease Provides a vital foundation for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-03-19
ISBN 10: 0128224673
ISBN 13: 9780128224670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery fills a significant void that provides a unique resource for elucidating the most recent research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities. Scientists, physicians, students and pharmaceutical industry researchers from diverse backgrounds will use this reference as the "go-to resource” for both the biology and medical applications that focus upon sirtuins. As sirtuins play an intricate role in the pathology, progression and treatment of several disease entities ranging from metabolic disease and diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, to reproductive dysfunction, and aging-related disorders, this book provides an ideal update on the topic. Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins and their broad applicability for sirtuin biology to be targeted for multiple medical disease entities Elucidates the research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities Summarizes the multi-discipline views and publications for this diverse topic, covering cell development, cancer and metabolism

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology Aging and Disease

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology  Aging  and Disease
Author: Leonard Guarente,Raul Mostoslavsky,Aleksey Kazantsev
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2018-04-20
ISBN 10: 012813500X
ISBN 13: 9780128135006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology Aging and Disease Book Review:

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology and Disease provides key insights for scientists and advanced students who need to understand sirtuins and the current research in this field. This book is ideal for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses. Sirtuins are a diverse family of proteins, with several members in mammals. The functional diversity of sirtuins is rather broad, and they have been implicated in various central biological processes. Thus, they are also highly relevant in the context of various human diseases, from cancer to neurodegeneration. Covers both the general and specific aspects of sirtuin proteins and their role in biology, aging and disease Presents a top quality collection of leading experts who contribute on a wide range of sirtuin-related topics Ideal resource for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses

Sirtuins

Sirtuins
Author: Riekelt Houtkooper
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2016-11-19
ISBN 10: 9789402409611
ISBN 13: 9402409610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuins Book Review:

The sirtuin family of proteins (SIRT1-7) received a lot of attention in recent years as they serve as metabolic sensors that control not only metabolism, but also aging and lifespan regulation. As such, sirtuins are strong targets for the treatment of age-related metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Indeed, many research groups as well as pharmaceutical companies discovered food components and/or drugs that target the sirtuins and provide significant health benefits. This book focuses on various aspects of sirtuin biology, from basic biochemistry, via molecular function, to its role in (fighting) human disease.

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine
Author: Manel Esteller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-09-17
ISBN 10: 9781420007077
ISBN 13: 1420007076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Author: Barry Halliwell,John M. C. Gutteridge
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 0191026999
ISBN 13: 9780191026997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

Vitagenes in avian biology and poultry health

Vitagenes in avian biology and poultry health
Author: Peter F. Surai
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2020-11-27
ISBN 10: 9086869068
ISBN 13: 9789086869060
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vitagenes in avian biology and poultry health Book Review:

Commercial poultry production is associated with various types of stress leading to decrease of productive and reproductive performance and compromised health of growing chickens, parent birds as well as commercial layers. Stress adaptation is associated with various signaling pathways and is executed at the gene level. The term vitagenes refers to a group of redox-sensitive genes that are involved in stress sensing and preserving cellular adaptive homeostasis. The vitagene family includes heat shock proteins, superoxide dismutase, glutathione and thioredoxin systems and sirtuins. The vitagenes are key players in redox signaling and redox homeostasis maintenance in birds, including poultry under commercial stress conditions of egg and meat production. Development of the vitagene concept become an important milestone in understanding molecular mechanisms of adaptation to stress. The goal of this book is to provide up to date information about the roles of vitagenes in avian biology and poultry health. Special emphasis is put on the role of vitagenes as an essential part of the redox homeostasis maintenance, stress adaptation, and development of adaptive homeostasis. The book provides data to indicate that nutritional modulation of vitagenes is a new direction in nutritional sciences. Practical results of the successful usage of the vitagene concept in poultry production are also presented. This book is intended to be of practical importance to avian/animal scientists, poultry producers, to nutritionists and vets, students of biological and agricultural colleges and universities. It can also be interesting for researchers in areas related to physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, ecology, environmental sciences, evolutionary biology, etc.

Lifespan

Lifespan
Author: David A. Sinclair,Matthew D. LaPlante
Publsiher: Atria Books
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2019-09-10
ISBN 10: 1501191977
ISBN 13: 9781501191978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lifespan Book Review:

A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “Brilliant and enthralling.”​ —The Wall Street Journal A paradigm-shifting book from an acclaimed Harvard Medical School scientist and one of Time’s most influential people. It’s a seemingly undeniable truth that aging is inevitable. But what if everything we’ve been taught to believe about aging is wrong? What if we could choose our lifespan? In this groundbreaking book, Dr. David Sinclair, leading world authority on genetics and longevity, reveals a bold new theory for why we age. As he writes: “Aging is a disease, and that disease is treatable.” This eye-opening and provocative work takes us to the frontlines of research that is pushing the boundaries on our perceived scientific limitations, revealing incredible breakthroughs—many from Dr. David Sinclair’s own lab at Harvard—that demonstrate how we can slow down, or even reverse, aging. The key is activating newly discovered vitality genes, the descendants of an ancient genetic survival circuit that is both the cause of aging and the key to reversing it. Recent experiments in genetic reprogramming suggest that in the near future we may not just be able to feel younger, but actually become younger. Through a page-turning narrative, Dr. Sinclair invites you into the process of scientific discovery and reveals the emerging technologies and simple lifestyle changes—such as intermittent fasting, cold exposure, exercising with the right intensity, and eating less meat—that have been shown to help us live younger and healthier for longer. At once a roadmap for taking charge of our own health destiny and a bold new vision for the future of humankind, Lifespan will forever change the way we think about why we age and what we can do about it.

Issues in Pathology Diagnostics and Disease 2011 Edition

Issues in Pathology  Diagnostics  and Disease  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464965420
ISBN 13: 9781464965425
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Pathology Diagnostics and Disease 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Pathology, Diagnostics, and Disease: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pathology, Diagnostics, and Disease. The editors have built Issues in Pathology, Diagnostics, and Disease: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pathology, Diagnostics, and Disease in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pathology, Diagnostics, and Disease: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Redox Signaling and Biomarkers in Ageing

Redox Signaling and Biomarkers in Ageing
Author: Ufuk Çakatay
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 439
Release: 2022-01-08
ISBN 10: 3030849651
ISBN 13: 9783030849658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Redox Signaling and Biomarkers in Ageing Book Review:

This book aims to present the age-related alterations in redox signaling networks and their diagnostic biomarkers in aging cells using multidisciplinary approach. Establishing sensitive and specific biomarkers of dynamic redox homeostasis is crucially important in the development of effective antiaging and senolytic interventions. Recent years have seen tremendous advances in the understanding of redox signaling events which highlight the process of aging and age-related pathologies. A major challenge in biological aging research is developing reliable biomarkers to determine the consequences of disrupted redox signaling networks long before the clinical diagnosis of age-related diseases is made. Therefore, we have chosen to concentrate on aging-induced aberrant redox signaling networks, their biomarkers, and pathological consequences in this book. Although oxidation is a natural metabolic process, the imbalance in the level of oxidants and antioxidants causes oxidative stress and eventually leads to inflammatory conditions, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer. Novel redox-sensitive biomarkers for the evaluation of aging-induced proteinopathies such as amyloid ß and tau proteins in Alzheimer's disease, α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease, and islet amyloid polypeptides in type 2 diabetes mellitus recently drew the attention of researchers. Inside this textbook, readers will find comprehensive perspectives on the association between redox homeostasis and the aging process both at the molecular and clinical levels. Due to the inherent relationship between impaired metabolic activities and oxidative stress, the temporal interaction between intermediary metabolism and disturbed redox status can lead to greater susceptibility to aging-induced diseases and disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes. This knowledge could be a key to continued research toward improving medication regimens such as in cancer and cardiovascular therapies, and procedural outcomes for patients. This book brings together current research evidence and knowledge on redox signaling and biomarkers in aging in chapters written by leading global experts in this rapidly evolving field. We hope that this textbook is of interest to a wide group of researchers, advanced students, scientifically curious non-specialist readers and clinicians alike.

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
Author: Matt Kaeberlein,George Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 0124116205
ISBN 13: 9780124116207
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book Review:

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Eighth Edition, provides readers with an update on the rapid progress in the research of aging. It is a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology, and focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret, and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and the metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. The book includes discussions on longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative new tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, new strategies to pharmacologically modulate the mTOR pathway to delay aging, the importance of sirtuins and the hypoxic response in aging, and how various pathways interact within the context of aging as a complex genetic trait, amongst others. Covers the key areas in biological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update from the previous edition Edited by Matt Kaeberlein and George Martin, highly respected voices and researchers within the biology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Presents information that will help medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists in understanding what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering New chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Provides a close examination of the diverse research being conducted today in the study of the biology of aging, detailing recent breakthroughs and potential new directions

Understanding Insulin and Insulin Resistance

Understanding Insulin and Insulin Resistance
Author: Anil Gupta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-11-26
ISBN 10: 012820379X
ISBN 13: 9780128203798
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Insulin and Insulin Resistance Book Review:

Understanding Insulin and Insulin Resistance is written in simple, clear language with diagrams that show the complex interplay of various factors in the initiation of insulin resistance. The design is systematic and meticulous, portraying topics in a flow from simple to complex. This resource is intended for a broad audience spanning across biochemistry, medicine, dentistry, academia, physicians, and research scholars. It extends the approach to biochemistry, physiology, metabolism of insulin along with the coverage of pathophysiology of insulin resistance, its effects on the body tissues, and its analysis on insulin resistance syndrome. Combines both intensive and extensive study material related to the topic Describes insulin resistance syndrome encompassing details regarding its prevalence and components Blends both theoretical and clinical knowledge related to insulin and insulin resistance syndrome Gathers the vast knowledge about insulin and insulin resistance in one volume, eliminating searches through hundreds of journal articles

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Author: Barry Halliwell,John M. C. Gutteridge
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2015-07-16
ISBN 10: 0198717474
ISBN 13: 9780198717478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer s Disease

A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer s Disease
Author: Howard Friel,Sally A. Frautschy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2017-07-18
ISBN 10: 012812279X
ISBN 13: 9780128122792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer s Disease Book Review:

A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer’s Disease: From Monotargeting Pharmaceuticals to Pleiotropic Plant Polyphenols is the first book to systematically exhibit the powerful pleiotropic pharmacological effects on Alzheimer’s disease of plant-based compounds from ancient foods that humans have been consuming safely with substantial health benefits for thousands of years. These plant-based compounds include curcuminoids from turmeric, resveratrol from red wine and grape seed extract from other grape products, epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) from green tea, and oleocanthal and oleuropein from olive oil, in addition to a special extract, EGb 761, from the leaves of Ginkgo biloba, the oldest living species of tree on earth. This book also presents a new analytical framework that convincingly favors a multi-targeting ("pleiotropic") approach to the prevention and treatment of complex chronic diseases, in contrast to the mono-targeting of the pharmaceutical model. A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer’s Disease is a unique and exciting resource for pharmaceutical scientists, pharmacologists, neurologists, general practitioners, research scientists in various medical and life sciences, healthcare professionals in clinical and executive positions, conventional medical schools, schools of naturopathic medicine, healthcare and medical journalists, executives in both national public healthcare systems and private insurers, and informed general readers. Presents carefully compiled evidence supporting the need to shift from pharmaceutical-based mono-targeting to plant polyphenol-based pleiotropic targeting for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease Includes valuable tables that aggregate pleiotropic pharmacological effects of the plant polyphenols on Alzheimer’s disease-related pathogenic hallmarks Highlights regulatory aspects and discusses the challenges and potential solutions with respect to bioavailability of certain plant polyphenols

Epigenetics and Dermatology

Epigenetics and Dermatology
Author: Qianjin Lu,Christopher C. Chang,Bruce C. Richardson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-02-16
ISBN 10: 0128012722
ISBN 13: 9780128012727
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics and Dermatology Book Review:

Epigenetics and Dermatology explores the role of epigenetics in the pathogenesis of autoimmune-related skin diseases and skin cancer. Leading contributors cover common and uncommon skin conditions in which extensive epigenetic research has been done. They explain how environmental exposures (chemicals, drugs, sunlight, diet, stress, smoking, infection, etc.) in all stages of life (from a fetus in-utero to an elderly person) may result in epigenetic changes that lead to development of some skin diseases in life. They also discuss the possibilities of new and emergent epigenetic treatments which are gradually being adopted in management of various skin diseases. Chapters follow a conventional structure, covering fundamental biology of the disease condition, etiology and pathogenesis, diagnosis, commonly available treatments, and epigenetic therapy where applicable. Discusses the basic biology of skin diseases and skin cancers induced or aggravated by aberrant epigenetic changes Evaluates how to approach autoimmune-related skin diseases from a therapeutic perspective using the wealth of emergent epigenetic clinical trials Offers a coherent and structured table of contents with basic epigenetic biology followed by discussion of the spectrum of rheumatologic through neoplastic skin diseases, finally ending with a discourse on epigenetic therapy

Handbook of cholesterol

Handbook of cholesterol
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Fabien De Meester
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2016-02-08
ISBN 10: 9086868215
ISBN 13: 9789086868216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of cholesterol Book Review:

The handbook of cholesterol - biology, function and role in health and disease - gathers a substantial set of contributions supporting the modern view that dietary and blood cholesterols are safe or even beneficial in a balanced omega-6/3 fatty acids environment, whereas they may turn into unsafe or detrimental to health in a typical omega-6 fatty acid environment. Dietary and blood cholesterols, including LDL-cholesterol, are secondary risk factors which belong to the human omnivorous diet and physiology, which may represent clinical valid surrogates of the outcome, cardiovascular diseases. However, the primary risk factors, the omega-6/3 fatty acids, determine whether human health is in the safe evolutionary zone or not. Omega-6/3 fatty acids are essential to human physiology. They must be present and maintained in physiologically-defined essential amounts and balanced in blood and tissue lipid pools, through the diet. Chronic deviations from omega-6/3 fatty acids make LDL-cholesterol valid indicators of cardiovascular disease. The handbook takes preventive and acute approaches, based on biochemical and clinical evidence, to the management of cholesterol - a per se non-essential nutrient, yet an essential blood and tissue component. The reviews, especially when combined, will help understand the essentiality of dietary and blood cholesterol as (risk) factors in human health.

Gerontology

Gerontology
Author: Grazia D’Onofrio,Daniele Sancarlo,Antonio Greco
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 178923252X
ISBN 13: 9781789232523
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gerontology Book Review:

Aging well and actively is the real objective of human being. This book is an up-to-date and realistic view on physiopathological mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases. The book includes topical contributions from multiple disciplines to support the fundamental goals of extending active life and enhancing its quality.

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease
Author: Tiago F. Outeiro,Aleksey G. Kazantsev
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9782889191178
ISBN 13: 2889191176
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease Book Review:

Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD+-dependent enzymes that have been shown to impact longevity in a number of eukaryotic organisms. Sir2 (Silent Information Regulator 2) was the first sirtuin protein discovered. The discovery that Sir2 requires NAD+ for its activity suggested a link between Sir2 activity and the phenomenon of caloric restriction in prolonging longevity. This link was strengthened by the observation that lifespan extension by caloric restriction requires Sir2 protein. Under conditions of caloric restriction, NAD+ levels are high, Sir2 is activated, and the rate of aging is decreased. These effects have been replicated in invertebrate organisms, where a close structural and functional homologue of Sir2 was found in C. elegans and Drosophila. The sirtuin-dependent effects on metabolism and ageing, observed in lower organisms, have ignited intensive investigation of their biological and therapeutic roles in mammals. There are seven known mammalian sirtuins, SIRTs 1-7, the most studied of which is SIRT1, a close structural and functional homologue of yeast Sir2. Enhancement of organismal longevity and other health-promoting effects of mammalian SIRT1 have frequently been attributed to the regulation of metabolism. A recognized molecular link between metabolism and aging stimulated a firestorm of investigations, aiming to combat metabolic and age-dependent human diseases. It has become clear, however, that the sirtuin family of proteins regulates a diverse repertoire of cellular functions in mammals. Mounting evidence implicating SIRT1 in important clinical indications, such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, suggest that modality as attractive therapeutic target. Subsequently, drug discovery and development, targeting sirtuin activation, has been intensified in the recent years. Despite rapid progress and accumulation of new data, the biological roles of other mammalian sirtuins have been less studied and remain poorly understood. There are several important questions that remain to be addressed. What are the functions of sirtuins in different cell types and tissues? Are all sirtuins involved in the regulation of metabolism and aging? What is the functional relationship between different sirtuins? What are the mechanisms of regulation of sirtuin activities? What is the role of sirtuins in disease and therapy? This issue aims to address these and other critical questions, relevant to Research Topic on sirtuin biology and therapeutics. To that end the issue solicits expert opinions of sirtuin research on structural biology, biochemistry, cell biology, animal genetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, and on areas of investigation studying human conditions, like diabetes, cancer, cardio-vascular, and neutodegeneration. Of particular interest are the new methods and assays to study sirtuins in various organisms and developing sirtuin-based therapeutics. Furthermore, we propose to encourage contributors to discuss new concepts and paradigms, and to express their perspectives on the future development of the sirtuin research field. Altogether, we believe this issue provides a unique opportunity for comprehensive and diverse coverage of the topic, and will be of broad interest for the journal’s readership.

Adipose Tissue

Adipose Tissue
Author: Leszek Szablewski
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2018-05-30
ISBN 10: 1789232287
ISBN 13: 9781789232288
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adipose Tissue Book Review:

Adipose tissue is a specialized connective tissue which, depending on type, plays different and significant roles in the human body: protects against environmental factors, stores lipids and triacylglycerol, synthesizes fatty acids and is involved in the process of thermogenesis. It is also a major secretory organ and highly active metabolic tissue. It secretes, for example, cholesterol, retinol, steroid hormones, prostaglandins and proteins known as "adipokines". Some of these molecules may be associated with pathologies such as obesity and insulin resistance. In humans, there are two main sites of adipose tissue accumulation: visceral and subcutaneous. Obesity is a worldwide health problem. This book also discusses a series of up-to-date topics about this pathology.