Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-03-19
ISBN 10: 0128224673
ISBN 13: 9780128224670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery fills a significant void that provides a unique resource for elucidating the most recent research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities. Scientists, physicians, students and pharmaceutical industry researchers from diverse backgrounds will use this reference as the "go-to resource” for both the biology and medical applications that focus upon sirtuins. As sirtuins play an intricate role in the pathology, progression and treatment of several disease entities ranging from metabolic disease and diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, to reproductive dysfunction, and aging-related disorders, this book provides an ideal update on the topic. Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins and their broad applicability for sirtuin biology to be targeted for multiple medical disease entities Elucidates the research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities Summarizes the multi-discipline views and publications for this diverse topic, covering cell development, cancer and metabolism

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-02-20
ISBN 10: 0128224843
ISBN 13: 9780128224847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery offers a compelling and thought-provoking perspective for the examination of the intriguing biology of sirtuins that ties cancer and metabolic disease together and provides a critical platform for the development of sirtuin-based novel therapeutic strategies to effectively treat cancer and metabolic disorders with precision in order to minimize any potentially detrimental clinical outcomes. An exciting prospect for the development of innovative therapeutics for cancer and metabolic disorders involves sirtuins. Sirtuins are histone deacetylases that have an intricate role in the onset and development of cancer and metabolic disease. Implementing a translational medicine format, this innovative reference highlights the ability of sirtuins to oversee critical pathways that involve stem cell maintenance, cellular proliferation, metabolic homeostasis, apoptosis, and autophagy that can impact cellular dysfunction and unchecked cellular growth that can occur during cancer and metabolic disease. Each chapter offers an intuitive perspective of advances on the application of sirtuin pathways for cancer and metabolic disease that will be become a "go-to" resource for a broad audience of scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who elucidate the intimate relationship between cancer and metabolic disease that intersects with sirtuin pathways Presents the basic and clinical role of sirtuins in regard to cancer and metabolic disease Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for this exciting field of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments for cancer and metabolic disease Provides a vital foundation for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Sirtuins

Sirtuins
Author: Riekelt H. Houtkooper
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-11-17
ISBN 10: 9402409629
ISBN 13: 9789402409628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuins Book Review:

The sirtuin family of proteins (SIRT1-7) received a lot of attention in recent years as they serve as metabolic sensors that control not only metabolism, but also aging and lifespan regulation. As such, sirtuins are strong targets for the treatment of age-related metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Indeed, many research groups as well as pharmaceutical companies discovered food components and/or drugs that target the sirtuins and provide significant health benefits. This book focuses on various aspects of sirtuin biology, from basic biochemistry, via molecular function, to its role in (fighting) human disease.

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine
Author: Kenneth Maiese
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2021-03-04
ISBN 10: 0128141190
ISBN 13: 9780128141199
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine Book Review:

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease provides a fascinating and in-depth analysis of sirtuins in the body during normal physiology as well during disease highlighting the targeting of sirtuin-controlled pathways for the development of innovative, efficacious, and safe therapeutic strategies for multiple disorders in the body that ultimately can affect lifespan extension. Sirtuins are expressed throughout the body, have broad biological effects, and can significantly impact both cellular survival and longevity during acute and long-term illnesses. These histone deacetylases play an intricate role in the pathology, progression, and treatment of several disease entities ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, reproductive dysfunction, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disease, drug dependency, and aging-related disorders. Implementing a translational medicine format, this unique reference highlights novel signaling pathways for sirtuins that promote stem cell proliferation, enhance cellular protection, modulate pathways of apoptosis and autophagy, and extend life span. Each chapter is presented with insightful detail that will be of interest and a comprehensive resource to audiences that include scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who discuss the broad role of sirtuins in health and disease Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for the compelling discipline of sirtuins by covering systems throughout the body Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology Aging and Disease

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology  Aging  and Disease
Author: Leonard Guarente,Raul Mostoslavsky,Aleksey Kazantsev
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2018-04-20
ISBN 10: 012813500X
ISBN 13: 9780128135006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology Aging and Disease Book Review:

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology and Disease provides key insights for scientists and advanced students who need to understand sirtuins and the current research in this field. This book is ideal for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses. Sirtuins are a diverse family of proteins, with several members in mammals. The functional diversity of sirtuins is rather broad, and they have been implicated in various central biological processes. Thus, they are also highly relevant in the context of various human diseases, from cancer to neurodegeneration. Covers both the general and specific aspects of sirtuin proteins and their role in biology, aging and disease Presents a top quality collection of leading experts who contribute on a wide range of sirtuin-related topics Ideal resource for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease
Author: Tiago F. Outeiro,Aleksey G. Kazantsev
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9782889191178
ISBN 13: 2889191176
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease Book Review:

Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD+-dependent enzymes that have been shown to impact longevity in a number of eukaryotic organisms. Sir2 (Silent Information Regulator 2) was the first sirtuin protein discovered. The discovery that Sir2 requires NAD+ for its activity suggested a link between Sir2 activity and the phenomenon of caloric restriction in prolonging longevity. This link was strengthened by the observation that lifespan extension by caloric restriction requires Sir2 protein. Under conditions of caloric restriction, NAD+ levels are high, Sir2 is activated, and the rate of aging is decreased. These effects have been replicated in invertebrate organisms, where a close structural and functional homologue of Sir2 was found in C. elegans and Drosophila. The sirtuin-dependent effects on metabolism and ageing, observed in lower organisms, have ignited intensive investigation of their biological and therapeutic roles in mammals. There are seven known mammalian sirtuins, SIRTs 1-7, the most studied of which is SIRT1, a close structural and functional homologue of yeast Sir2. Enhancement of organismal longevity and other health-promoting effects of mammalian SIRT1 have frequently been attributed to the regulation of metabolism. A recognized molecular link between metabolism and aging stimulated a firestorm of investigations, aiming to combat metabolic and age-dependent human diseases. It has become clear, however, that the sirtuin family of proteins regulates a diverse repertoire of cellular functions in mammals. Mounting evidence implicating SIRT1 in important clinical indications, such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, suggest that modality as attractive therapeutic target. Subsequently, drug discovery and development, targeting sirtuin activation, has been intensified in the recent years. Despite rapid progress and accumulation of new data, the biological roles of other mammalian sirtuins have been less studied and remain poorly understood. There are several important questions that remain to be addressed. What are the functions of sirtuins in different cell types and tissues? Are all sirtuins involved in the regulation of metabolism and aging? What is the functional relationship between different sirtuins? What are the mechanisms of regulation of sirtuin activities? What is the role of sirtuins in disease and therapy? This issue aims to address these and other critical questions, relevant to Research Topic on sirtuin biology and therapeutics. To that end the issue solicits expert opinions of sirtuin research on structural biology, biochemistry, cell biology, animal genetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, and on areas of investigation studying human conditions, like diabetes, cancer, cardio-vascular, and neutodegeneration. Of particular interest are the new methods and assays to study sirtuins in various organisms and developing sirtuin-based therapeutics. Furthermore, we propose to encourage contributors to discuss new concepts and paradigms, and to express their perspectives on the future development of the sirtuin research field. Altogether, we believe this issue provides a unique opportunity for comprehensive and diverse coverage of the topic, and will be of broad interest for the journal’s readership.

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism
Author: Anne Le
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2018-06-26
ISBN 10: 331977736X
ISBN 13: 9783319777368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Book Review:

Genetic alterations in cancer, in addition to being the fundamental drivers of tumorigenesis, can give rise to a variety of metabolic adaptations that allow cancer cells to survive and proliferate in diverse tumor microenvironments. This metabolic flexibility is different from normal cellular metabolic processes and leads to heterogeneity in cancer metabolism within the same cancer type or even within the same tumor. In this book, we delve into the complexity and diversity of cancer metabolism, and highlight how understanding the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism is fundamental to the development of effective metabolism-based therapeutic strategies. Deciphering how cancer cells utilize various nutrient resources will enable clinicians and researchers to pair specific chemotherapeutic agents with patients who are most likely to respond with positive outcomes, allowing for more cost-effective and personalized cancer therapeutic strategies.

Molecular Biology of Aging

Molecular Biology of Aging
Author: Leonard Guarente,Linda Partridge,Douglas C. Wallace
Publsiher: CSHL Press
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0879698241
ISBN 13: 9780879698249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Biology of Aging Book Review:

This volume covers the major threads in the molecular genetics of aging, including genes that regulate aging, causes of aging, evolutionary theories of aging, and the relationship between diet and aging. Among specific topics covered are calorie restriction, mitochondria, sirtuins, telomeres, stem cells, and cancer.

Sirtuins in Health and Disease

Sirtuins in Health and Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2018-02-03
ISBN 10: 0128122625
ISBN 13: 9780128122624
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sirtuins in Health and Disease Book Review:

Sirtuins in Health and Disease, Volume 154 presents the reactions catalyzed by sirtuins in terms of their unique coenzyme NAD+-dependent catalytic mechanisms, the ways to elucidate these mechanisms, and the design of the inhibitory compounds against the sirtuin-catalyzed reactions as potential therapeutic agents for human diseases. Sections cover the concepts and chemical tools in sirtuin research, SIRT4 and SIRT7, the regulatory effects of NAD metabolic pathways on sirtuin activity, sirtuins as modifiers of Huntington’s Disease (HD) pathology, parasite sirtuins as targets for novel chemotherapeutic agents, targeting sirtuins – substrate specificity and inhibitor design, and chemical probes in sirtuin research. This book focuses on the outstanding issues in the sirtuin field and implications for future sirtuin research. Presents an excellent subject, excellent structural organization, and authoritative contributions from world-renowned scholars in the sirtuin field Provides the latest updates on sirtuins in health and disease

Epigenetics of Aging

Epigenetics of Aging
Author: Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2009-11-11
ISBN 10: 1441906398
ISBN 13: 9781441906397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics of Aging Book Review:

Recent studies have indicated that epigenetic processes may play a major role in both cellular and organismal aging. These epigenetic processes include not only DNA methylation and histone modifications, but also extend to many other epigenetic mediators such as the polycomb group proteins, chromosomal position effects, and noncoding RNA. The topics of this book range from fundamental changes in DNA methylation in aging to the most recent research on intervention into epigenetic modifications to modulate the aging process. The major topics of epigenetics and aging covered in this book are: 1) DNA methylation and histone modifications in aging; 2) Other epigenetic processes and aging; 3) Impact of epigenetics on aging; 4) Epigenetics of age-related diseases; 5) Epigenetic interventions and aging: and 6) Future directions in epigenetic aging research. The most studied of epigenetic processes, DNA methylation, has been associated with cellular aging and aging of organisms for many years. It is now apparent that both global and gene-specific alterations occur not only in DNA methylation during aging, but also in several histone alterations. Many epigenetic alterations can have an impact on aging processes such as stem cell aging, control of telomerase, modifications of telomeres, and epigenetic drift can impact the aging process as evident in the recent studies of aging monozygotic twins. Numerous age-related diseases are affected by epigenetic mechanisms. For example, recent studies have shown that DNA methylation is altered in Alzheimer’s disease and autoimmunity. Other prevalent diseases that have been associated with age-related epigenetic changes include cancer and diabetes. Paternal age and epigenetic changes appear to have an effect on schizophrenia and epigenetic silencing has been associated with several of the progeroid syndromes of premature aging. Moreover, the impact of dietary or drug intervention into epigenetic processes as they affect normal aging or age-related diseases is becoming increasingly feasible.

Histone Deacetylases the Biology and Clinical Implication

Histone Deacetylases  the Biology and Clinical Implication
Author: Tso-Pang Yao,Edward Seto
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN 10: 9783642216312
ISBN 13: 3642216315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Histone Deacetylases the Biology and Clinical Implication Book Review:

The book highlights work from many different labs that taught us abnormal HDACs potentially contribute to the development or progression of many human diseases including immune dysfunctions, heart disease, cancer, memory impairment, aging, and metabolic disorders.

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
Author: Matt Kaeberlein,George Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 0124116205
ISBN 13: 9780124116207
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book Review:

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Eighth Edition, provides readers with an update on the rapid progress in the research of aging. It is a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology, and focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret, and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and the metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. The book includes discussions on longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative new tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, new strategies to pharmacologically modulate the mTOR pathway to delay aging, the importance of sirtuins and the hypoxic response in aging, and how various pathways interact within the context of aging as a complex genetic trait, amongst others. Covers the key areas in biological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update from the previous edition Edited by Matt Kaeberlein and George Martin, highly respected voices and researchers within the biology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Presents information that will help medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists in understanding what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering New chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Provides a close examination of the diverse research being conducted today in the study of the biology of aging, detailing recent breakthroughs and potential new directions

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
Author: Nicolas Musi,Peter Hornsby
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN 10: 012816283X
ISBN 13: 9780128162835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book Review:

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Ninth Edition, provides a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology. The book focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. Sections cover longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, and much more. Assists researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Helps medical, behavioral and social gerontologists understand what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering Includes new chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Examines the diverse research being conducted in the study of the biology of aging

Mechanism based Peptidic and Peptideomimetic Human Sirtuin Inhibitors

Mechanism based Peptidic and Peptideomimetic Human Sirtuin Inhibitors
Author: Brett Hirsch
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 105
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:742052711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanism based Peptidic and Peptideomimetic Human Sirtuin Inhibitors Book Review:

"Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) enzymes or sirtuins are a family of intracellular protein deacetylases that can catalyze the [beta]-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ([beta]-NAD+)-dependent deacetylation of N[epsilon]-acetyl-lysine on protein substrates. These enzymes are evolutionarily conserved among all the three kingdoms of life, with the yeast Sir2 being the founding family member. In humans, seven sirtuins, SIRT1-7, have been identified. Protein acetylation/deacetylation plays a critical role in biological processes such as metabolism, gene transcription, neurodegeneration, apoptosis, the cell-cycle, aging, cell fate, and cytoskeletal organization. The past few years have witnessed a tremendous interest in investigating the unique mechanism for the sirtuin-catalyzed deacetylation reaction. There has also been a great deal of effort invested in the employment of different strategies to identify different types of inhibitors for this enzymatic deacetylation reaction. These inhibitors hold great potential toward a fuller exploration of sirtuin biology and pharmacology as well as toward developing novel therapeutics for metabolic and age-related diseases as well as cancer. This study discovered i) two potent, cell-permeable, and proteolytically stable small molecule human sirtuin inhibitors that harbor the previously identified sirtuin inhibitory acetyl-lysine analog, thioacetyl-lysine; and ii) a novel sirtuin inhibitory warhead, L-2-amino-7-carboxamidoheptanoic acid, that may function both to elucidate the sirtuin mechanism and in the development of new sirtuin inhibition therapies."--Abstract.

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells
Author: Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2018-02-28
ISBN 10: 9535138677
ISBN 13: 9789535138679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book Review:

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Endothelial Dysfunction

Endothelial Dysfunction
Author: Helena Lenasi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2018-10-24
ISBN 10: 1789842530
ISBN 13: 9781789842531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endothelial Dysfunction Book Review:

The endothelium enables communication between blood and tissues and is actively involved in cardiovascular homeostasis. Endothelial dysfunction has been recognized as an early step in the development of cardiovascular diseases: respectively, endothelium represents a potential therapeutic niche with multiple targets. The purpose of the book is to point out some recent findings of endothelial physiology and pathophysiology emphasizing various aspects of endothelial dysfunction connected to the body's internal and external environment. While basic features of the endothelium are presented in an introductory chapter, the authors of the following 17 chapters have provided extensive insight into some selected topics of endothelial (dys)function. The book would hopefully be useful for anyone interested in recapitulating endothelial (patho)physiology and expanding knowledge of molecular mechanisms involved in endothelial dysfunction, relevant also for further clinical investigations.

Epigenetics and Dermatology

Epigenetics and Dermatology
Author: Qianjin Lu,Christopher C. Chang,Bruce C. Richardson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-02-16
ISBN 10: 0128012722
ISBN 13: 9780128012727
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics and Dermatology Book Review:

Epigenetics and Dermatology explores the role of epigenetics in the pathogenesis of autoimmune-related skin diseases and skin cancer. Leading contributors cover common and uncommon skin conditions in which extensive epigenetic research has been done. They explain how environmental exposures (chemicals, drugs, sunlight, diet, stress, smoking, infection, etc.) in all stages of life (from a fetus in-utero to an elderly person) may result in epigenetic changes that lead to development of some skin diseases in life. They also discuss the possibilities of new and emergent epigenetic treatments which are gradually being adopted in management of various skin diseases. Chapters follow a conventional structure, covering fundamental biology of the disease condition, etiology and pathogenesis, diagnosis, commonly available treatments, and epigenetic therapy where applicable. Discusses the basic biology of skin diseases and skin cancers induced or aggravated by aberrant epigenetic changes Evaluates how to approach autoimmune-related skin diseases from a therapeutic perspective using the wealth of emergent epigenetic clinical trials Offers a coherent and structured table of contents with basic epigenetic biology followed by discussion of the spectrum of rheumatologic through neoplastic skin diseases, finally ending with a discourse on epigenetic therapy

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
Author: Edward J. Masoro,Steven N. Austad
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2010-12-13
ISBN 10: 9780123786395
ISBN 13: 0123786398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book Review:

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Seventh Edition, reviews and synthesizes recent findings and discoveries in the field. This volume is part of The Handbooks of Aging series, which also includes The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging and The Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 covers basic aging processes. It covers concepts relevant to clinical research, such as muscle, adipose tissue, and stem cells. It discusses research on how dietary restriction can slow down the aging process and extend life in a wide range of species. Part 2 deals with the medical physiology of aging. It contains several chapters on the aging of the human brain. These chapters deal not only with diseases but also with normal aging changes to cerebral vasculature and myelination as well as the clinical implications of those changes. Additional chapters cover how aging affects central features of human health such as insulin secretion, pulmonary and cardiac function, and the ability to maintain body weight and body temperature. The volume is primarily directed at basic researchers who wish to keep abreast of new research outside their own subdiscipline. It will also be useful to medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists who want to learn about the discoveries of basic scientists and clinicians. Contains basic aging processes as determined by animal research as well as medical physiology of aging as known in humans Covers hot areas of research, like stem cells, integrated with longstanding areas of interest in aging like telomeres, mitochondrial function, etc. Edited by one of the fathers of gerontology (Masoro) and contributors represent top scholars in gerintology

SIRT Family in Endocrinology

SIRT Family in Endocrinology
Author: Yang Yang,Russel J. Reiter
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2019-09-26
ISBN 10: 2889630218
ISBN 13: 9782889630219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SIRT Family in Endocrinology Book Review:

Advances in Geroscience

Advances in Geroscience
Author: Felipe Sierra,Ronald Kohanski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2015-11-20
ISBN 10: 9783319232454
ISBN 13: 3319232452
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Geroscience Book Review:

This book provides the first comprehensive overview of a new scientific discipline termed Geroscience. Geroscience examines the molecular and cellular mechanisms that might explain why aging is the main risk factor for most chronic diseases affecting the elderly population. Over the past few decades, researchers have made impressive progress in understanding the genetics, biology and physiology of aging. This book presents vital research that can help readers to better understand how aging is a critical malleable risk factor in most chronic diseases, which, in turn, could lead to interventions that can help increase a healthy lifespan, or ‘healthspan.’ The book begins with an analysis of the Geroscience hypothesis, as well as the epidemiological underpinnings that define aging as a candidate main risk factor for most chronic diseases. Next, each chapter focuses on one particular disease, or group of diseases, with an emphasis on how basic molecular and cellular biology might explain why aging is a major risk factor for it. Coverage in the book includes: cancer, cardiovascular disease, dementias, stroke, Parkinson's and Alzheimer’s diseases, osteoporosis, arthritis, diabetes asthma, emphysema, kidney disease, vision impairment, and AIDS/HIV. It finishes with a chapter on pain in the elderly and an overview of future steps needed to bring the newly acquired knowledge into the clinic and the public at large.