Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2018-10
ISBN 10: 9780444637086
ISBN 13: 0444637087
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Silicate Glasses and Melts, Second Edition describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts from a geological and industrial perspective. Via their formation and movement, silicate melts make efficient mass transfer possible in the Earth at high temperature and pressure. These processes have played a fundamental role in the formation and evolution of the Earth. For example, they are at the roots of volcanic activity, formation of new crust, some earthquake activity, and transfer of materials to form economically viable ore deposits. In materials science, glass, which results from cooling of melt to near room-temperature conditions, can serve as a proxy for melt. Additionally, glass is a fundamentally important component in a range of materials science and engineering applications. The new edition of Silicate Glasses and Melts not only describes, discusses, and updates information that may have resided in the literature for some time, but also introduces new information (concepts, data, and interpretation) that have developed since the first edition was published in 2005. Updated information includes (i) characterization of silicate melt and COHN fluid structure (with and without dissolved silicate components) with pressure, temperature, and redox conditions and responses of structural variables to chemical composition, (ii) determination of solubility and solution mechanisms of COHN volatiles in silicate melts and minerals and of solubility and solution mechanisms of silicate components in COHN fluids, and (iii) effects of very high pressure on structure and properties of melts and glasses. This new book is an essential resource for researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geophysics, geoscience, volcanology, material science, glass science, petrology, and mineralogy. Brings together multidisciplinary research scattered across the scientific literature into one reference, with a focus on silicate melts and application to natural systems Emphasizes linking melt properties to melt structure Includes a discussion of the pros and cons of the use of glass as a proxy for melt structure and properties Written by highly regarded experts in the field who, among other honors, have been the 2006 recipients of the prestigious G.W. Morey award of the American Ceramic Society

Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2018-11-27
ISBN 10: 0444637095
ISBN 13: 9780444637093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Silicate Glasses and Melts, Second Edition describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts from a geological and industrial perspective. Updated sections include (i) characterization of silicate melt and COHN fluid structure (with and without dissolved silicate components) with pressure, temperature, and redox conditions and responses of structural variables to chemical composition, (ii) determination of solubility and solution mechanisms of COHN volatiles in silicate melts and minerals and of solubility and solution mechanisms of silicate components in COHN fluids, and (iii) effects of very high pressure on structure and properties of melts and glasses. This new book is an essential resource for researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geophysics, geoscience, volcanology, material science, glass science, petrology and mineralogy. Brings together multidisciplinary research scattered across the scientific literature into one reference, with a focus on silicate melts and their application to natural systems Emphasizes linking melt properties to melt structure Includes a discussion of the pros and cons of the use of glass as a proxy for melt structure and properties Written by highly regarded experts in the field who, among other honors, were the 2006 recipients of the prestigious G.W. Morey award of the American Ceramic Society

Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen,P. Richet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2005-06-16
ISBN 10: 0080457711
ISBN 13: 9780080457710
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

This book describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts of industrial and geological interest. From Antiquity to the 20th century, an introductory chapter presents this subject in a historical perspective. Basic concepts are then discussed in three chapters where attention is paid to the glass transition and its various consequences on melt and glass properties, to the structural and physical differences between amorphous and crystalline silicates, and to the mutual relationships between local order, energetics and physical properties. With pure SiO2 as a starting point, compositions of increasing chemical complexity are successively dealt with in a dozen chapters. The effects of network-modifying cations on structure and properties are first exemplified by alkali and alkaline earth elements. The specific influence of aluminum, iron, titanium, and phosphorus are then reviewed. With water, volatiles in the system COHS, noble gases, and halogens, the effects of volatile components are also described. The last chapter explains how the results obtained on simpler melts can be applied to chemically complex systems. In each chapter, physical and chemical properties are described first and followed by a review of glass and melt structure. When possible, pressure effects are also considered. *From SiO2 to complex silicate compositions, the physical and chemical properties of melts and glasses of geological and industrial interest *Structural characterization of melts and glasses, from ambient to high pressure and temperature *From basic concepts to an advanced level, a consistent description of the structure-property-composition relationships in glasses and melts

Silicate Melts

Silicate Melts
Author: Sharon Webb
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN 10: 3540691529
ISBN 13: 9783540691525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Melts Book Review:

This book focuses on the experimental determination of the physical properties of silicate melts and magmas close to glass transition. Abundant new data are presented. The same type of measurement is performed on a range of melts to test the effect of composition on physical properties; and a range of different techniques are used to determine the same physical properties to illustrate the relationships between the relaxation of the melt structure and the relaxation of its physical properties. This book is of interest to experimental researchers in the discussion of data obtained from both a materials science and a geoscientific point of view.

Bioactive Glasses

Bioactive Glasses
Author: Aldo R Boccaccini,Delia S Brauer,Leena Hupa
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2016-11-28
ISBN 10: 1782622012
ISBN 13: 9781782622017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Glasses Book Review:

The global ageing society has significantly increased the need for implant materials, which not only replace damaged or lost tissue but are also able to regenerate it. The field of bioactive glasses has been expanding continuously over recent years as they have been shown to bond with hard and soft tissue, release therapeutically active ions, and be capable of enhancing bone formation and regeneration. In addition, they are successfully being used to re-mineralise teeth, thereby making bioactive glasses highly attractive materials in both dentistry and medicine. Understanding the multidisciplinary requirements set by the human body’s environment and the special characteristics of the different families of bioactive glasses is a key in developing new compositions to novel clinical applications. Bioactive Glasses aims to bridge the different scientific communities associated with the field of bioactive glasses with focus on the materials science point of view. Emerging applications covered include soft tissue regeneration, wound healing, vascularisation, cancer treatment and drug delivery devices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest applications of bioactive glasses for material scientists.

Silicate Glasses and Melts 2nd Edition

Silicate Glasses and Melts  2nd Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1203747613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts 2nd Edition Book Review:

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 354
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4595081
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts Book Review:

Characterization of the relationships between structure and properties of materials is based on the fundamental principle that the structure of the material be determined first, followed by assessments of which structural properties may govern their properties as a function of composition, pressure, temperature and other variables. Whereas this methodology has been successfully applied to further our understanding of crystalline materials, studies of silicate melt structure are often conducted on a somewhat different basis. Rather than from direct structural determination, structure models have been developed from assumed relationships between a specific melt property and its structure. As a result, a multitude of models has evolved - many of which are mutually exclusive. The overall scope of this book is to address properties and processes of magmatic systems from the vantage point of melt structure. To this end available data in chemically increasingly complex systems are reviewed and discussed with the ultimate goal being integration of the simple system data into a model that describes complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. Thus the book evolves from the simplest possible system, SiO 2 , to complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. From a petrologic point of view, sufficient data have been obtained so that a general framework of the structure of magmatic liquids is in place. This framework is based on the same principles as those of crystal chemistry, modulated by the absence of long range order in amorphous material, and systematic relationships between structure and properties can be discerned at least at atmospheric pressure.

Melt Chemistry Relaxation and Solidification Kinetics of Glasses

Melt Chemistry  Relaxation  and Solidification Kinetics of Glasses
Author: Hong Li,Chandra S. Ray,Denis M. Strachan,Richard Weber,Yuanzheng Yue
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-04-11
ISBN 10: 1118408071
ISBN 13: 9781118408070
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Melt Chemistry Relaxation and Solidification Kinetics of Glasses Book Review:

This volume will summarize the most recent development in experimentation, computation, and theory on chemistry of glass forming melt, including melt structure modeling and melt structure and characterizations. This volume provides a timely update on the advances in glass basic science research and development.

Glass Science

Glass Science
Author: Wilhelm Eitel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0323144284
ISBN 13: 9780323144285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glass Science Book Review:

Silicate Science, Volume VII: Glass Science reviews the advances made in silicate research from 1960 through 1970, with emphasis on glass science. Although much of the discussion is still based on the classic physical chemistry theories, an attempt is made to introduce the essential solid-state physics principles and to show how they can be applied to non-crystalline solids. The properties of many diverse vitreous materials are presented. Comprised of seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of glass-forming elements and their compounds, paying particular attention to their general character as glass-forming phases. The properties of of chalcogenide glasses and non-silicate oxide glasses are also discussed. The next chapters focus on the viscosity of molten glass; the electrolytic conductivity of silicates; the specific volumina of glass melts; and specific applications of infrared spectroscopy to solving structure problems. The physical properties of glass, varied by thermal actions in the transformation and annealing ranges, are considered as well. The final chapter is devoted to miscellaneous additional constitution problems, with particular reference to the volatilization of lead silicate glasses from glass melts and vitreous semiconductors of chalcogenide glasses. This book will be of interest to mineralogists and crystallographers.

Advances in Molten Slags Fluxes and Salts

Advances in Molten Slags  Fluxes  and Salts
Author: Ramana Reddy,Pinakin Chaubal,P. Chris Pistorius,Uday Pal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1373
Release: 2017-01-10
ISBN 10: 3319487698
ISBN 13: 9783319487694
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Molten Slags Fluxes and Salts Book Review:

This collection focuses on ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy where ionic melts, slags, fluxes, or salts play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide. Technical topics included are: thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams and kinetics of slags, fluxes, and salts; physical properties of slags, fluxes, and salts; structural studies of slags; interfacial and process phenomena involving foaming, bubble formation, and drainage; slag recycling, refractory erosion/corrosion, and freeze linings; and recycling and utilization of metallurgical slags and models and their applications in process improvement and optimization. These topics are of interest to not only traditional ferrous and non-ferrous metal industrial processes but also new and upcoming technologies.

Geological Melts

Geological Melts
Author: Daniel R. Neuville,Grant S. Henderson,Donald B. Dingwell
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 1108
Release: 2022-07-04
ISBN 10: 1501510932
ISBN 13: 9781501510939
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Melts Book Review:

Volume 87 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry covers fundamental aspects of the nature of silicate melts and the implications for the systems in which they participate, both technological and natural. The contents of this volume may perhaps best be summarized as structure – properties – dynamics. The volume contains syntheses of short and medium range order, structure-property relationships, and computation-based simulations of melt structure. It continues with analyses of the properties (mechanical, diffusive, thermochemical, redox, nucleation, rheological) of melts. The dynamic behavior of melts in magmatic and volcanic systems, is then treated in the context of their behavior in magma mixing, strain localization, frictional melting, magmatic fragmentation, and hot sintering. Finally, the non-magmatic, extraterrestrial and prehistoric roles of melt and glass are presented in their respective contexts.

Structure Dynamics and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure  Dynamics  and Properties of Silicate Melts
Author: Jonathan F. Stebbins,Paul F. McMillan,Donald B. Dingwell
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 1501509381
ISBN 13: 9781501509384
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure Dynamics and Properties of Silicate Melts Book Review:

Volume 32 of Reviews in Mineralogy introduces the basic concepts of melt physics and relaxation theory as applied to silicate melts, then to describe the current state of experimental and computer simulation techniques for exploring the detailed atomic structure and dynamic processes which occur at high temperature, and finally to consider the relationships between melt structure, thermodynamic properties and rheology within these liquids. These fundamental relations serve to bridge the extrapolation from often highly simplified melt compositions studied in the laboratory to the multicomponent systems found in nature. This volume focuses on the properties of simple model silicate systems, which are usually volatile-free. The behavior of natural magmas has been summarized in a previous Short Course volume (Nicholls and Russell, editors, 1990: Reviews in Mineralogy, Vol. 24), and the effect of volatiles on magmatic properties in yet another (Carroll and Holloway, editors, 1994: Vol. 30). The Mineralogical Society of America sponsored a short course for which this was the text at Stanford University December 9 and 10, 1995, preceding the Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union and MSA in San Fransisco, with about 100 professionals and graduate students in attendance.

Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Short  and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Wim Jan Malfait
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:428198505
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 686
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444598960
ISBN 13: 9780444598967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses Book Review:

Physical Sciences Data, Volume 15: Handbook of Glass Data: Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses, Part A presents information on the systems capable of forming glasses by cooling melts. This book provides data on the crystallization rates of glasses. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the melt properties for the glass-forming systems. This text then examines the notion of a component that is very significant for determining the number of components in each investigated glass. Other chapters consider the contents of several oxides of the same element but in different valent state as the reason to transfer a glass to the category of the increased number of components. This book discusses as well the analytical composition of glass. The final chapter deals with flotation method using tetrabromoethane and benzene mixture. This book is a valuable resource for glass specialists, chemists, engineers, scientists, and information science workers.

Magmas Under Pressure

Magmas Under Pressure
Author: Yoshio Kono,Chrystèle Sanloup
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2018-04-06
ISBN 10: 0128112743
ISBN 13: 9780128112748
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magmas Under Pressure Book Review:

Magmas under Pressure: Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts summarizes recent advances in experimental technologies for studying magmas at high pressures. In the past decade, new developments in high-pressure experiments, particularly with synchrotron X-ray techniques, have advanced the study of magmas under pressure. These new experiments have revealed significant changes of structure and physical properties of magmas under pressure, which significantly improves our understanding of the behavior of magmas in the earth’s interior. This book is an important reference, not only in the earth and planetary sciences, but also in other scientific fields, such as physics, chemistry, material sciences, engineering and in industrial applications, such as glass formation and metallurgical processing. Includes research and examples of high-pressure technologies for studying the structure and properties of magma Summarizes the current knowledge on the structure and properties of high-pressure magma Highlights the importance of magma in understanding the evolution of the earth’s interior

Advanced Mineralogy

Advanced Mineralogy
Author: A. S. Marfunin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 551
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642785239
ISBN 13: 9783642785238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Mineralogy Book Review:

All existing introductory reviews of mineralogy are written accord ing to the same algorithm, sometimes called the "Dana System of Mineralogy". Even modern advanced handbooks, which are cer tainly necessary, include basic data on minerals and are essentially descriptive. When basic information on the chemistry, structure, optical and physical properties, distinguished features and para genesis of 200-400 minerals is presented, then there is practically no further space available to include new ideas and concepts based on recent mineral studies. A possible solution to this dilemma would be to present a book beginning where introductory textbooks end for those already famil iar with the elementary concepts. Such a volume would be tailored to specialists in all fields of science and industry, interested in the most recent results in mineralogy. This approach may be called Advanced Mineralogy. Here, an attempt has been made to survey the current possibilities and aims in mineral matter investigations, including the main characteristics of all the methods, the most important problems and topics of mineral ogy, and related studies. The individual volumes are composed of short, condensed chap ters. Each chapter presents in a complete, albeit condensed, form specific problems, methods, theories, and directions of investigations, and estimates their importance and strategic position in science and industry.

Advances in High Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications

Advances in High Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications
Author: J. Chen,Y. Wang,Simon Duffy,G. Shen,L.P. Dobrzhinetskaya
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN 10: 9780080457666
ISBN 13: 0080457665
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in High Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications Book Review:

High-pressure mineral physics is a field that is strongly driven by the development of new technology. Fifty years ago, when experimentally achievable pressures were limited to just 25 GPa, little was know about the mineralogy of the Earth's lower mantle. Silicate perovskite, the likely dominant mineral of the deep Earth, was identified only when the high-pressure techniques broke the pressure barrier of 25 GPa in 1970s. However, as the maximum achievable pressure reached beyond one Megabar (100 GPa) and even to the pressure of Earth’s core on minute samples, new discoveries increasingly were fostered by the development of new analytical techniques and improvements in sensitivity and precision of existing techniques. The book consists of six sections which group the papers according to their main topics: a) Elastic and Anelastic Properties; b) Rheology; c) Melt and Glass Properties; d) Structural and Magnetic Properties; e) Diffraction and Spectroscopy; f) Pressure Calibration and Generation. As many papers cover multiple topics, readers may find papers of interest in different sections. All papers are prepared with emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference. Many on-line software resources are also listed in as detailed a manner as possible. However, the URL of the software sites may be subject to change without notice. * State of the art in a very important branch of geophysics, namely the experimental determination of material behavior at the extreme conditions of planetary interiors * Emphasis on technical details suitable for a technical reference * Includes many on-line software resources

Deep Carbon

Deep Carbon
Author: Beth N. Orcutt,Isabelle Daniel,Rajdeep Dasgupta
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 678
Release: 2019-10-31
ISBN 10: 1108477496
ISBN 13: 9781108477499
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Carbon Book Review:

A comprehensive guide to carbon inside Earth - its quantities, movements, forms, origins, changes over time and impact on planetary processes. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts
Author: Harald Behrens,James D. Webster
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 1501508377
ISBN 13: 9781501508370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts Book Review:

Volume 73 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents a compilation of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on August 21-23, 2011 called Sulfur in Magmas and Melts and its Importance for Natural and Technical Processes held at the Hotel der Achtermann, in Goslar, Germany following the 2011 Goldschmidt Conference in Prague, Czech Republic. It covers Studies of sulfur in melts - motivations and overview, Analytical methods for sulfur determination in glasses, rocks, minerals and fluid inclusions, Spectroscopic studies on sulfur speciation in synthetic and natural glasses, Diffusion and redox reactions of sulfur in silicate melts, The role of sulfur compounds in coloring and melting kinetics of industrial glass, Experimental studies on sulfur solubility in silicate melts at near-atmospheric pressure and Modeling the solubility of sulfur in magmas: a 50-year old geochemical challenge.

Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Glass Science  Technology  History  and Culture Two Volume Set
Author: Pascal Richet
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1568
Release: 2021-02-05
ISBN 10: 1118799399
ISBN 13: 9781118799390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set Book Review:

This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.