Sex differences in Cardiac Diseases

Sex differences in Cardiac Diseases
Author: Niti R. Aggarwal,Malissa J. Wood
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2021-01-29
ISBN 10: 0128193700
ISBN 13: 9780128193709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex differences in Cardiac Diseases Book Review:

Significant biological differences exist between men and women that contribute to sex-specific differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, pathophysiology, presentation, response to therapy, and prognosis. It is essential for clinicians to be cognizant of these sex-specific differences in order to reduce the disparity in diagnosis and management of cardiovascular diseases in both genders. Sex Differences in Cardiac Disease provides a timely review of the contemporary data on these sex-specific differences in pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and management of cardiovascular diseases that fills a void for clinicians in practice and training. With contributions from renowned experts in the field and guideline writers, the text provides a state-of-the-art review of each topic encompassing the full spectrum of CVD in men and women. Sex-specific guideline-based recommendations are highlighted when available. Tailored to meet the needs of the busy clinicians and researchers, this text provides concise practical data to care for men and women at risk for or with CVD. The book serves as an essential resource for researchers, cardiologists, obstetricians, gynecologists, internists, family practitioners, nurse practitioners and physician assistants, and respective trainees who treat men and women with CVD. Provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art text written by internationally renowned experts in the field of CVD disease, serving as an indispensable resource for clinicians and researchers Enables the reader to understand the sexual dimorphism in the pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of the full spectrum of cardiovascular issues including ischemic heart disease, valvular disorders, arrhythmias, and heart failure Provides a concise evidence-based practical review of medical topics, with key points and eye-catching visual infographics to meet the needs of the busy clinicians, policy makers and researchers.

Management of Cardiovascular Disease in Women

Management of Cardiovascular Disease in Women
Author: Hanna Z. Mieszczanska,Gladys P. Velarde
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2014-03-24
ISBN 10: 1447155173
ISBN 13: 9781447155171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of Cardiovascular Disease in Women Book Review:

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women in the US, with more women dying from heart disease than men. Women may have different presentation from men and often need a different approach to diagnosis and treatment. There are also unique topics of management of heart disease in women, including issues during pregnancy, lactation, and menopause. Many different health care providers, as well as cardiologists are involved in treating these patients. A manual reviewing diagnosis and treatment of cardiac disease in women would help providers without specific cardiology training to deliver care with greater efficiency. A practical and comprehensive guide geared towards these providers would be a highly practical and valuable resource that would be utilized in everyday practice in offices that include urban clinics, general medicine offices, obstetrics and gynecology offices, as well as in the surgical subspecialties. This book will be a highly practical resource that can be directly applied to the issues that arise in everyday practice. There is no available book on the market that focuses on a broader approach to cardiac disease in women or focuses on non-cardiology providers (and their trainees) who have the need to know more about treatment of cardiovascular disease in women.​

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine
Author: Sabine Oertelt-Prigione,Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2011-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780857298324
ISBN 13: 0857298321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine Book Review:

This book is a concise, easy to read professional text with a focus on practical aspects. All chapters include tables on sex/gender differences in symptoms and management and a series of suggestions to the novice in the field. Chapters are specialty-specific. The focus is not on women’s health, but the presentation of differences in clinical symptoms, management and outcomes in women and men. Gender Medicine strives to employ the knowledge about these differences to improve diagnosis, better understand pathogenesis and advance patient-oriented therapy.

Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction

Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction
Author: Filippo Crea,Gaetano A. Lanza,Paolo G. Camici
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2013-08-15
ISBN 10: 8847053676
ISBN 13: 9788847053670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction Book Review:

In the past two decades a number of studies have shown that abnormalities in the function and structure of coronary microcirculation can be detected in several cardiovascular diseases. On the basis of the clinical setting in which it occurs, coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) can be classified into four types: CMD in the absence of any other cardiac disease; CMD in myocardial diseases; CMD in obstructive epicardial coronary artery disease; and iatrogenic CMD. In some instances CMD represents an epiphenomenon, whereas in others it represents an important marker of risk or may contribute to the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia, thus becoming a possible therapeutic target. This book provides an update on coronary physiology and a systematic assessment of microvascular abnormalities in cardiovascular diseases, in the hope that it will assist clinicians in prevention, detection and management of CMD in their everyday activity.

Sex Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function

Sex Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function
Author: Peter L. M. Kerkhof,Virginia M. Miller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2018-07-26
ISBN 10: 331977932X
ISBN 13: 9783319779324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function Book Review:

This book gathers together contributions from internationally renowned authors in the field of cardiovascular systems and provides crucial insight into the importance of sex- and gender-concepts during the analysis of patient data. This innovative title is the first to offer the elements necessary to consider sex-related properties in both clinical and basic studies regarding the heart and circulation on multiscale levels (i.e. molecular, cellular, electrophysiologically, neuroendocrine, immunoregulatory, organ, allometric, and modeling). Observed differences at (ultra)cellular and organ level are quantified, with focus on clinical relevance and implications for diagnosis and patient management. Since the cardiovascular system is of vital importance for all tissues, Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function is an essential source of information for clinicians, biologists, and biomedical investigators. The wide spectrum of differences described in this book will also act as an eye-opener and serve as a handbook for students, teachers, scientists and practitioners.

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
Author: Jahangir Moini,Matthew Adams,Anthony LoGalbo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2022-04-28
ISBN 10: 1000554961
ISBN 13: 9781000554960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Book Review:

Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic with severe complications that can be of great cost. This book focuses on the complications of hypertension, heart attack or heart failure, stroke, blindness, nephropathy, neuropathy, amputations, and death, along with the prevalence and prevention of disease development. It explains distribution of the disease by age and gender, such as the development of type II diabetes in relation to obesity, which is more prevalent in younger age groups. Global mortality and costs of complications are significant, as the disease affects all ages, races, and ethnicities, making this book an invaluable resource for healthcare professionals and students everywhere. Key Features A useful ready reference for students, physicians, and healthcare professionals detailing the latest diagnostic tests and treatments of diabetes and its complications Explains how heart failure and stroke are deadly complications of diabetes along with kidney failure and life-threatening infections Establishes how cancer is linked to diabetes – a fact many people are not aware of – this book details the six types of cancer that may result from the disease, along with an individualized focus on the different "areas" of issues that occur from diabetes Discusses the effect of diabetes on the minds of patients, in relation to depression, anxiety, panic, PTSD, eating disorders, delirium, and dementia

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2001-07-02
ISBN 10: 9780309132978
ISBN 13: 0309132975
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Book Review:

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Color Atlas and Synopsis of Womens Cardiovascular Health

Color Atlas and Synopsis of Womens Cardiovascular Health
Author: Martha Gulati
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2014-07-22
ISBN 10: 0071786228
ISBN 13: 9780071786225
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Color Atlas and Synopsis of Womens Cardiovascular Health Book Review:

A combination color atlas and synoptic text on the unique risk factors and cardiovascular issues specific to women Recent research has demonstrated important sex differences in the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of cardiovascular disease in women. There are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women that differ from men, and risk assessment tools that should be routinely incorporated into clinical practice by cardiologists treating women. Color Atlas and Synopsis of Women's Cardiovascular Health covers all of these topics and also provides concise, expert guidance on the diagnosis and management of the female cardiac patient. Enriched by more than 100 photographs (many in full color) and nearly 100 line drawings, Color Atlas and Synopsis of Women's Cardiovascular Health addresses many important issues related to women's cardiovascular health. With contributions from more than a dozen expert authors, Color Atlas and Synopsis of Women's Cardiovascular Health is destined to become a landmark reference on the issues of cardiac disease in women. TOPICS INCLUDE: Defining patterns of ischemic heart disease Cardiac surgery Noninvasive imaging as a tool for accurate diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in women Sex-specific issues in cardiac surgery Unique cardiac issues related to women with pulmonary hypertension Cardiac issues that can arise during pregnancy

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease
Author: Jawahar L. Mehta,Jean McSweeney
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2018-03-02
ISBN 10: 3319711350
ISBN 13: 9783319711355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease Book Review:

This book reviews all aspects of the diagnosis and management of heart disease in women, covering areas such as gender differences in metabolic syndrome, hypertension and atherogenesis. Gender differences in cardiovascular diseases are widespread, but while gender medicine takes into account the effects of sex and gender on the health of women and men, traditionally, women have been underrepresented in cardiovascular clinical trials, in management of different cardiac diseases and drug use. Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease deals with the gender-specific differences in cardiac physiology and diseases and brings into perspective the critical significance of gender in management of cardiovascular disease presentations and management. As such it is of enormous use to all clinical staff who manage women with cardiovascular disease.

Metabolic Cardiomyopathy

Metabolic Cardiomyopathy
Author: H. Böhles,A. C. Sewell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9783887631048
ISBN 13: 3887631048
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metabolic Cardiomyopathy Book Review:

During the last years the understanding for the aetiology of cardiomyopathies could be greatly improved. A great deal of information has accumulated in the field of inherited metabolic diseases, which provides a new basis for our understanding of many heart muscle problems and their corresponding clinical disease entities. This book is meant to give the reader a comprehensive overview of the cardiological manifestations of inborn errors of metabolism. Latest information, such as cardiomyopathy in Fabry disease or in patients with CDG-syndrome is included. It should be helpful, not only to cardiologists, paediatricians, internists and general practicioners, but also to all those interested in a better understanding of the metabolic basis of clinical disease entities.

Cardiovascular Disability

Cardiovascular Disability
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Social Security Cardiovascular Disability Criteria
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2010-12-04
ISBN 10: 030915698X
ISBN 13: 9780309156981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cardiovascular Disability Book Review:

The Social Security Administration (SSA) uses a screening tool called the Listing of Impairments to identify claimants who are so severely impaired that they cannot work at all and thus immediately qualify for benefits. In this report, the IOM makes several recommendations for improving SSA's capacity to determine disability benefits more quickly and efficiently using the Listings.

How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice

How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice
Author: Marjorie Jenkins,Connie B. Newman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2020-12-02
ISBN 10: 0128167505
ISBN 13: 9780128167502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice Book Review:

How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice: An Evidence-Based Guide to Patient Care enables primary care clinicians by providing a framework to understand differences and better care for patients in their practice. Each chapter covers a subspecialty in medicine and discusses the influence of sex hormones on disease, along with sex and gender-based differences in clinical presentation, physical examination, laboratory results, treatment regimens, comorbidities and prognosis. Illustrative case examples and practical practice points help each chapter come alive. A special chapter on communication differences between men and women assists clinicians in their conversations with patients. This book fills an important need by applying years of research findings to sex and gender specific medical care and demonstrating that an individualized approach to patient care will lead to improved detection, treatment and prevention of disease. Explores the effects of sex and gender on disease presentation, treatment and prognosis, and how these differences influence clinical decision-making Provides practical guidance that helps clinicians implement a more individualized approach to patient care Contains information on diseases in each major specialty, as well as chapters on communication, pharmacology and public health challenges

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
Author: Babbette LaMarca,Barbara T. Alexander
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2019-04-09
ISBN 10: 0128131985
ISBN 13: 9780128131985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology Book Review:

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2010-07-29
ISBN 10: 0309147743
ISBN 13: 9780309147743
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World Book Review:

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.

The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine

The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine
Author: A. John Camm
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 3198
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9780198824879
ISBN 13: 0198824874
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine Book Review:

Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Author: Tobias Banaschewski,David Coghill,Alessandro Zuddas
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2018-05-30
ISBN 10: 0198739257
ISBN 13: 9780198739258
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Book Review:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children and adolescents. The condition is characterized by a persistent pattern of behavioural symptoms including inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness associated with substantial impairment in social, academic, and/or occupational functioning. Clinical and research interest in the topic of ADHD has grown substantially in recent years but, despite this, there is still a lack of up-to-date reference texts devoted to the diagnosis, assessment, and management of patients with these conditions. Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry series, the Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder attempts to bridge this gap by providing an authoritative, multi-disciplinary guide to the latest research developments in the diagnosis, assessment, and management of patients with ADHD. Organized into eight key sections, this textbook covers the aetiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, co-morbidity, clinical assessment, and clinical management of ADHD. Individual chapters address key topics such as the clinical assessment of ADHD in adults, and contain information on best practice, current diagnostic guidelines including DSM-5 and ICD-11, and key up-to-date references for further reading. Edited and written by an international group of recognized experts, the Oxford Textbook of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a comprehensive resource suitable for child and adolescent psychiatrists, adult psychiatrists, and psychiatric trainees, as well as child psychologists, paediatricians, psychiatric nurses, and other mental health care professionals.

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Author: Marek Malik
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 2020-07-11
ISBN 10: 0128177292
ISBN 13: 9780128177297
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology Book Review:

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology: Differences in Cardiac Electrical Disorders Between Men and Women is a comprehensive investigation into all aspects of sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology. As there are substantial differences between female and male patients in physiology, pathology triggering factors, disease progression, clinical approaches and treatment outcome, this book provides a comprehensive examination. In cardiology, the differences between women and men are more recognized, hence this title summarizes these important differences, providing the essential information needed for clinical specialists and researchers involved in the design and implementation of clinical studies. Explores topics ranging from the physiologic differences between women and men to the differences in clinical handling of arrhythmic disorders between female and male patients Provides sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology in separate chapters Covers the sex differences of cardiac electrical disorders, providing insights beyond cardiac metabolic syndrome, hypertension, atherogenesis and heart failure

Evidence Based Cardiology Consult

Evidence Based Cardiology Consult
Author: Kathleen Stergiopoulos,David L. Brown
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2013-11-01
ISBN 10: 1447144414
ISBN 13: 9781447144410
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evidence Based Cardiology Consult Book Review:

The book will provide a detailed evidence-based approach to key issues in the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of patients with concurrent medical issues. It will provide a clinical focus with practical advice on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart disease supported by an expert’s summary, without duplicating other texts. Each chapter will be structured similarly in the following sections: (1) Introduction, (2) Pathophysiology, (3) Diagnosis (4) Management (5) Key Points, (6) Summary of the key guidelines from professional societies where available. The recommendations will have a firm background in the AHA/ACC or ESC recommendations for the management of patients. The intention is to create a comprehensive book rather than a pocketbook or manual. We hope this book will serve as an up to date reference for the practicing clinician. Each of the approximately 40 chapters will have at most 5000 words and 5 -7 high quality figures or illustrations each. Only the highest quality authors will be recruited from the United States and Europe. The emphasis will be on depth of information yet ease of access. This necessitates an approach whereby not a single word, sentence or page of the book will be wasted. Brief where it needs to be brief, detailed where detail is required, this will be a true all-encompassing clinician reference.

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
Author: Babbette LaMarca, Ph.D.,Barbara T. Alexander, PhD, FAHA, FAPS
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128131977
ISBN 13: 9780128131978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology Book Review:

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Sex Differences in Heart Disease

Sex Differences in Heart Disease
Author: Bohuslav Ostadal,Naranjan S. Dhalla
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2020-11-15
ISBN 10: 3030586774
ISBN 13: 9783030586775
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in Heart Disease Book Review:

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in men and women. Unfortunately, women have traditionally been excluded from clinical trials, and female animals have been used less or sex was not reported in basic research studies. Until recently, consideration of both sexes was not required in clinical and preclinical studies focusing on cardiovascular diseases. However, the number of clinical and experimental papers dealing with sex differences and heart disease significantly increases during the last years. This trend is obviously the result of at least two facts: the number of examples of different behavior of the male and female heart under physiological and pathological conditions is steadily increasing and there were controversial reports on the beneficial and adverse effect of hormonal replacement therapy. Detailed molecular and cellular mechanisms of these differences are still unknown but one is clear already today: sex differences are so important that they should be considered by the selection of optimum diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in clinical practice. The book presents 16 manuscripts on sex differences of heart disease, as developed by several investigators; the volume is organized in four parts. Part I, dealing with sex differences in cardiac ischemic injury, includes 5 chapters on experimental aspects of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury, the role of testosterone, and clinical aspects of ischemic heart disease. Part II is devoted to sex differences in heart failure and includes four chapters. Discussion in this part of the book is centered around the sex differences in heart failure due to volume overload. Part III of this volume includes four papers on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, namely hypertension and obesity, and, finally, three chapters in part IV deal with sex differences of cardiac mitochondria under different pathological conditions. We believe this book will be very useful for cardiovascular scientists, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and other health professionals.