Salience Network of the Human Brain

Salience Network of the Human Brain
Author: Lucina Q. Uddin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 46
Release: 2016-08-24
ISBN 10: 0128045949
ISBN 13: 9780128045947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salience Network of the Human Brain Book Review:

Salience Network of the Human Brain focuses on the multiple sources of stimuli that compete for our attention, providing interesting discussions on how the relative salience—importance or prominence—of each of these inputs determines which ones we choose to focus on for more in-depth processing. The salience network is a collection of regions of the brain that select which stimuli are deserving of our attention. The network has key nodes in the insular cortex and is critical for detecting behaviorally relevant stimuli and for coordinating the brain’s neural resources in response to these stimuli. The insular cortex is a complex and multipurpose structure that plays a role in numerous cognitive functions related to perception, emotion, and interpersonal experience—and the failure of this network to function properly can lead to numerous neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder, psychosis, and dementia. Presents the only publication available that summarizes our understanding of the salience network in one resource Authored by a leading research on this important aspect of attention Focuses on the multiple sources of stimuli that compete for our attention, providing interesting discussions on how the relative salience—importance or prominence—of each of these inputs determines which ones we choose to focus on for more in-depth processing

Secrets of Creativity

Secrets of Creativity
Author: Suzanne Nalbantian,Paul M. Matthews
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2019-08-26
ISBN 10: 0190090391
ISBN 13: 9780190090395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Secrets of Creativity Book Review:

Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal draws on insights from leading neuroscientists and scholars in the humanities and the arts to probe creativity in its many contexts, in the everyday mind, the exceptional mind, the scientific mind, the artistic mind, and the pathological mind. Components of creativity are specified with respect to types of memory, forms of intelligence, modes of experience, and kinds of emotion. Authors in this volume take on the challenge of showing how creativity can be characterized behaviorally, cognitively, and neurophysiologically. The complementary perspectives of the authors add to the richness of these findings. Neuroscientists describe the functioning of the brain and its circuitry in creative acts of scientific discovery or aesthetic production. Humanists from the fields of literature, art, and music give analyses of creativity in major literary works, musical compositions, and works of visual art.

Brain Mapping

Brain Mapping
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 2658
Release: 2015-02-14
ISBN 10: 0123973163
ISBN 13: 9780123973160
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Mapping Book Review:

Brain Mapping: A Comprehensive Reference offers foundational information for students and researchers across neuroscience. With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. Each entry is built on a layered approach of the content – basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for experienced readers. Edited and authored by the leading experts in the field, this work offers the most reputable, easily searchable content with cross referencing across articles, a one-stop reference for students, researchers and teaching faculty. Broad overview of neuroimaging concepts with applications across the neurosciences and biomedical research Fully annotated color images and videos for best comprehension of concepts Layered content for readers of different levels of expertise Easily searchable entries for quick access of reputable information Live reference links to ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism
Author: Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-09-23
ISBN 10: 2889192822
ISBN 13: 9782889192823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Connectivity in Autism Book Review:

Systems Neuroscience in Depression

Systems Neuroscience in Depression
Author: Thomas Frodl
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2016-09-01
ISBN 10: 0128026286
ISBN 13: 9780128026281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Neuroscience in Depression Book Review:

Systems Neuroscience in Depression provides a comprehensive overview of the normal and depressed brain processes as studied from a systems neuroscience perspective. Systems neuroscience uses a wide variety of approaches to study how networks of neurons form the bases of higher brain function. A broad overview is discussed starting with a background from neurodevelopment and neural understanding as well as novel treatment approaches for depression. This book covers basic developmental aspects and depressive psychopathology, as well as the basic scientific background from animal models and experimental research. Current advances in systems neuroscience are highlighted in studies from child and adolescent psychiatry. Integrated approaches are presented with regards to genetics, neuroimaging and neuroinflammation as well as neuroendocrinology. The field of systems and network neuroscience is evolving rapidly and this book provides a greatly needed resource for researchers and practitioners in systems neuroscience and psychiatry. Knowledge covering the whole life span from early to later life Comprehensively written chapters developing from molecules via epigenetics and neural circuits to clinical neuroscience Understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder Integrating stress and environmental factors with molecular underpinnings More than 25 illustrations and tables

Neuroscience of Creativity

Neuroscience of Creativity
Author: Oshin Vartanian,Adam S. Bristol,James C. Kaufman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2013-08-30
ISBN 10: 0262314703
ISBN 13: 9780262314701
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroscience of Creativity Book Review:

Experts describe current perspectives and experimental approaches to understanding the neural bases of creativity. This volume offers a comprehensive overview of the latest neuroscientific approaches to the scientific study of creativity. In chapters that progress logically from neurobiological fundamentals to systems neuroscience and neuroimaging, leading scholars describe the latest theoretical, genetic, structural, clinical, functional, and applied research on the neural bases of creativity. The treatment is both broad and in depth, offering a range of neuroscientific perspectives with detailed coverage by experts in each area. The contributors discuss such issues as the heritability of creativity; creativity in patients with brain damage, neurodegenerative conditions, and mental illness; clinical interventions and the relationship between psychopathology and creativity; neuroimaging studies of intelligence and creativity; the neuroscientific basis of creativity-enhancing methodologies; and the information-processing challenges of viewing visual art. Contributors Baptiste Barbot, Mathias Benedek, David Q. Beversdorf, Aaron P. Blaisdell, Margaret A. Boden, Dorret I. Boomsma, Adam S. Bristol, Shelley Carson, Marleen H. M. de Moor, Andreas Fink, Liane Gabora, Dennis Garlick, Elena L. Grigorenko, Richard J. Haier, Rex E. Jung, James C. Kaufman, Helmut Leder, Kenneth J. Leising, Bruce L. Miller, Apara Ranjan, Mark P. Roeling, W. David Stahlman, Mei Tan, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Oshin Vartanian, Indre V. Viskontas, Dahlia W. Zaidel

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain
Author: Thomas Heinbockel,Yongxia Zhou
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2021-06-02
ISBN 10: 1839627964
ISBN 13: 9781839627965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain Book Review:

‘Connectivity and Functional Specialization in the Brain’ is a topic that describes nerve cells in terms of their anatomical and functional connections. The term connectome refers to a comprehensive map of neural connections, like a wiring diagram of an organism’s nervous system. Connectomics, the study of connectomes, can be applied to individual neurons and their synaptic connections, as well as to connections between neuronal populations or to functional and structural connectivity of different brain regions. This book addresses neural connectivity at these various scales in health and disease. The chapters review novel findings related to neuroanatomy and cell biology, neurophysiology, neural plasticity, changes of connectivity in neurological disorders, and sensory system connectivity. The book provides the reader with an overview of the current state-of-the-art of research of neural connectivity and focuses on the most important evidence-based developments in this area. Individual chapters focus on recent advances in specific areas of neural connectivity and in different brain regions. All chapters represent recent contributions to the rapidly developing field of neural connectivity.

The Emergence of Dreaming

The Emergence of Dreaming
Author: G. William Domhoff
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2017-10-04
ISBN 10: 0190673427
ISBN 13: 9780190673420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Emergence of Dreaming Book Review:

Introduction -- Dream reports from sleep laboratories -- Dream reports collected in non-laboratory settings -- Findings from studies of individual dream series -- The emergence of dreaming in children and adolescents -- The cognitive neuroscience of dreaming -- The activation-synthesis theory of dreaming -- The failed freudian revival -- Does dreaming have any adaptive function(s)? -- A promising agenda -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Index

Cyberpsychology and the Brain

Cyberpsychology and the Brain
Author: Thomas D. Parsons
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2017-04-07
ISBN 10: 1107094879
ISBN 13: 9781107094871
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyberpsychology and the Brain Book Review:

This book proposes a framework for integrating neuroscience and cyberpsychology for the study of social, cognitive, and affective processes.

Augmented Cognition Neurocognition and Machine Learning

Augmented Cognition  Neurocognition and Machine Learning
Author: Dylan D. Schmorrow,Cali M. Fidopiastis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2017-06-28
ISBN 10: 3319586289
ISBN 13: 9783319586281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Augmented Cognition Neurocognition and Machine Learning Book Review:

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2017, held as part of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2017, which took place in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The papers thoroughly cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. The two volumes set of AC 2017 presents 81 papers which are organized in the following topical sections: electroencephalography and brain activity measurement, eye tracking in augmented cognition, physiological measuring and bio-sensing, machine learning in augmented cognition, cognitive load and performance, adaptive learning systems, brain-computer interfaces, human cognition and behavior in complex tasks and environments.

Dynamic Functioning of Resting State Networks in Physiological and Pathological Conditions

Dynamic Functioning of Resting State Networks in Physiological and Pathological Conditions
Author: Roberto Esposito,Filippo Cieri,Nicoletta Cera,Dante Mantini,Alessandra Griffa
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-02-24
ISBN 10: 2889664996
ISBN 13: 9782889664993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Functioning of Resting State Networks in Physiological and Pathological Conditions Book Review:

Psychiatric Neuroimaging

Psychiatric Neuroimaging
Author: Virginia Ng,Gareth J. Barker,Talma Hendler
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9781586033446
ISBN 13: 1586033441
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychiatric Neuroimaging Book Review:

Novel Tools for the Study of Structural and Functional Networks in the Brain

Novel Tools for the Study of Structural and Functional Networks in the Brain
Author: Luis M. Colon-Perez,Thomas Harold Mareci,Mingzhou Ding
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-04-27
ISBN 10: 288945472X
ISBN 13: 9782889454723
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Novel Tools for the Study of Structural and Functional Networks in the Brain Book Review:

Throughout the history of neuroscience, technological advances are the drivers behind many major advances in our understanding of the nervous system. Investigations of the structure and function of the brain take place on multiple scales, including macroscale at the level of brain regions, mesoscale at the level of neuronal populations, and microscale at the level of single neurons and neuron to neuron interactions. Integration of knowledge over these scales requires novel techniques and interpretations. In this research topic, we highlight nine articles that integrate structural and functional approaches to study brain networks.

Neuroscience in the 21st Century

Neuroscience in the 21st Century
Author: Donald W. Pfaff,Nora D. Volkow
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 4144
Release: 2016-10-21
ISBN 10: 9781493934737
ISBN 13: 1493934732
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroscience in the 21st Century Book Review:

Edited and authored by a wealth of international experts in neuroscience and related disciplines, this key new resource aims to offer medical students and graduate researchers around the world a comprehensive introduction and overview of modern neuroscience. Neuroscience research is certain to prove a vital element in combating mental illness in its various incarnations, a strategic battleground in the future of medicine, as the prevalence of mental disorders is becoming better understood each year. Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by mental, behavioral, neurological and substance use disorders. The World Health Organization estimated in 2002 that 154 million people globally suffer from depression and 25 million people from schizophrenia; 91 million people are affected by alcohol use disorders and 15 million by drug use disorders. A more recent WHO report shows that 50 million people suffer from epilepsy and 24 million from Alzheimer’s and other dementias. Because neuroscience takes the etiology of disease—the complex interplay between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors—as its object of inquiry, it is increasingly valuable in understanding an array of medical conditions. A recent report by the United States’ Surgeon General cites several such diseases: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, early-onset depression, autism, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, anorexia nervosa, and panic disorder, among many others. Not only is this volume a boon to those wishing to understand the future of neuroscience, it also aims to encourage the initiation of neuroscience programs in developing countries, featuring as it does an appendix full of advice on how to develop such programs. With broad coverage of both basic science and clinical issues, comprising around 150 chapters from a diversity of international authors and including complementary video components, Neuroscience in the 21st Century in its second edition serves as a comprehensive resource to students and researchers alike.

Rhythms of the Brain

Rhythms of the Brain
Author: Gyorgy Buzsaki
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2006-08-03
ISBN 10: 019804125X
ISBN 13: 9780198041252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rhythms of the Brain Book Review:

This book provides eloquent support for the idea that spontaneous neuron activity, far from being mere noise, is actually the source of our cognitive abilities. In a sequence of "cycles," György Buzsáki guides the reader from the physics of oscillations through neuronal assembly organization to complex cognitive processing and memory storage. His clear, fluid writing-accessible to any reader with some scientific knowledge-is supplemented by extensive footnotes and references that make it just as gratifying and instructive a read for the specialist. The coherent view of a single author who has been at the forefront of research in this exciting field, this volume is essential reading for anyone interested in our rapidly evolving understanding of the brain.

The Linguistic Cerebellum

The Linguistic Cerebellum
Author: Peter Mariën,Mario Manto
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2015-09-07
ISBN 10: 0128017856
ISBN 13: 9780128017852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Linguistic Cerebellum Book Review:

The Linguistic Cerebellum provides a comprehensive analysis of this unique part of the brain that has the most number of neurons, each operating in distinct networks to perform diverse functions. This book outlines how those distinct networks operate in relation to non-motor language skills. Coverage includes cerebellar anatomy and function in relation to speech perception, speech planning, verbal fluency, grammar processing, and reading and writing, along with a discussion of language disorders. Discusses the neurobiology of cerebellar language functions, encompassing both normal language function and language disorders Includes speech perception, processing, and planning Contains cerebellar function in reading and writing Explores how language networks give insight to function elsewhere in the brain

Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human Computer Interaction

Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human Computer Interaction
Author: Myounghoon Jeon
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2017-05-17
ISBN 10: 0128018798
ISBN 13: 9780128018798
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human Computer Interaction Book Review:

Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human–Computer Interaction is a complete guide for conducting affect-related research and design projects in H/F and HCI domains. Introducing necessary concepts, methods, approaches, and applications, the book highlights how critical emotions and affect are to everyday life and interaction with cognitive artifacts. The text covers the basis of neural mechanisms of affective phenomena, as well as representative approaches to Affective Computing, Kansei Engineering, Hedonomics, and Emotional Design. The methodologies section includes affect induction techniques, measurement techniques, detection and recognition techniques, and regulation models and strategies. The application chapters discuss various H/F and HCI domains: product design, human–robot interaction, behavioral health and game design, and transportation. Engineers and designers can learn and apply psychological theories and mechanisms to account for their affect-related research and can develop their own domain-specific theory. The approach outlined in this handbook works to close the existing gap between the traditional affect research and the emerging field of affective design and affective computing. Provides a theoretical background of affective sciences Demonstrates diverse affect induction methods in actual research settings Describes sensing technologies, such as brain–computer interfaces, facial expression detection, and more Covers emotion modeling and its application to regulation processes Includes case studies and applied examples in a variety of H/F and HCI application areas Addresses emerging interdisciplinary areas including Positive Technology, Subliminal Perception, Physiological Computing, and Aesthetic Computing

Comprehensive Guide to Autism

Comprehensive Guide to Autism
Author: Vinood B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy,Colin R. Martin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 2922
Release: 2013-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781461447870
ISBN 13: 1461447879
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Guide to Autism Book Review:

Autism is a complex multifaceted disorder affecting neurodevelopment during the early years of life and, for many, throughout the life span. Inherent features include difficulties or deficits in communication, social interaction, cognition, and interpersonal behavioral coordination, to name just a few. Autism profoundly impacts the affected individual, the family, and, in many cases, the localized communities. The increased prevalence of childhood autism has resulted in rapid developments in a wide range of disciplines in recent years. Nevertheless, despite intensive research, the cause(s) remain unresolved and no single treatment strategy is employed. To address these issues, Comprehensive Guide to Autism is an all-embracing reference that offers analyses and discussions of contemporary issues in the field of autism. The work brings together scientific material from leading experts in the field relating to a wide range of important current topics, such as the early identification and treatment of children with autism, pertinent social and behavioral studies, recent developments in genetics and immunology, the influence of diet, models of autism, and future treatment prospects. Comprehensive Guide to Autism contains essential readings for behavioral science researchers, psychologists, physicians, social workers, parents, and caregivers.

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders
Author: John M. Oldham,Andrew E. Skodol,Donna S. Bender
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 617
Release: 2014-05-05
ISBN 10: 1585625396
ISBN 13: 9781585625390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders Book Review:

This new edition of The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders has been thoroughly reorganized and updated to reflect new findings, expanded treatment options and considerations, and future directions, such as translational research, enhancing the text's utility while maintaining its reputation as the foremost reference and clinical guide on the subject. In four exhaustive and enlightening sections, the book covers basic concepts of personality disorders, etiology, clinical assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, and it addresses special issues that may arise with specific populations or settings. In addition, the text offers many features and benefits: Several chapters describe the intense efforts to identify the scientifically strongest -- and clinically relevant -- approaches to conceptualizing and enumerating personality traits and pathology. The book does not sidestep ongoing controversies over classification but addresses them head-on by including chapters by experts with competing perspectives. The hybrid dimensional/categorical alternative model of classification for personality disorders included in the DSM-5 is included in an appendix and thoroughly referenced throughout the volume and discussed in detail in several chapters. Coverage of current research is up-to-date and extensive. Longitudinal naturalistic studies, which have shown surprising patterns of improvement in patients with selected personality disorders, as well as new and more rigorous treatment studies, have yielded critical findings in recent years, all of which are thoroughly addressed. Dozens of vivid and detailed case examples are included to illustrate diagnostic and treatment concepts. The editors have selected a roster of contributors second to none, and the text has been scrupulously edited for consistency of language, tone, and coverage. As clinical populations become better defined, new and more rigorous treatment studies are being conducted with increasingly promising results. The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders offers clinicians, residents, and trainees in all disciplines a front row seat for the latest findings and clinical innovations in this burgeoning field.

Reading Writing Mathematics and the Developing Brain Listening to Many Voices

Reading  Writing  Mathematics and the Developing Brain  Listening to Many Voices
Author: Zvia Breznitz,Orly Rubinsten,Victoria J. Molfese,Dennis L. Molfese
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2012-06-01
ISBN 10: 9400740867
ISBN 13: 9789400740860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reading Writing Mathematics and the Developing Brain Listening to Many Voices Book Review:

This valuable addition to the literature offers readers a comprehensive overview of recent brain imaging research focused on reading, writing and mathematics—a research arena characterized by rapid advances that follow on the heels of fresh developments and techniques in brain imaging itself. With contributions from many of the lead scientists in this field, a number of whom have been responsible for key breakthroughs, the coverage deals with the commonalities of, as well as the differences between, brain activity related to the three core educational topics. At the same time, the volume addresses vital new information on both brain and behavior indicators of developmental problems, and points out the new directions being pursued using current advances in brain imaging technologies as well as research-based interventions. The book is also a tribute to a new Edmund, J Safra Brain center for the study of learning Disabilities at the University of Haifa-Israel.