Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2019-07-15
ISBN 10: 9780444641465
ISBN 13: 0444641467
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Radioactivity in the Environment, Second Edition presents the facts about the presence of both natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment. The many sources of ionizing radiation that can lead to human exposure are all discussed in this volume: natural sources; nuclear explosions; nuclear power generation; use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes; and radiation-emitting consumer products. In this thoroughly updated new edition, author Vlado Valkovic addresses the numerous developments that have occurred since the first edition published, including new developments in the fields of radioactive nuclides in nature and technologically modified exposure to natural radiation; new threats by terrorist individuals, groups, and countries; changes to the status of nuclear power in the world; and more. Additional new sections for the second edition: Radioisotopes in geo-prospecting and the oil industry The use of radiation in environmental protection Detector types and detectors used for personal dosimetry "Dirty Bomb" The Fukushima accident North Korea testing sites and nuclear capabilities. Includes details of analytical laboratory procedures for radioactivity measurement in different samples Features a new chapter on decontamination after radiation exposure Expands the discussion on nuclear fusion to cover ITER and other installations

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural  Industrial and Military Sources
Author: Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 1997-03-26
ISBN 10: 9780080505800
ISBN 13: 0080505805
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources Book Review:

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2000-09-26
ISBN 10: 0080540244
ISBN 13: 9780080540245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment
Author: John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2003-05-07
ISBN 10: 9780471899242
ISBN 13: 0471899240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book Review:

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: E.M. Scott
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2003-05-22
ISBN 10: 9780080536651
ISBN 13: 0080536654
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Klaus Froehlich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2009-09-23
ISBN 10: 9780080913292
ISBN 13: 0080913296
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation
Author: Anselmo Salles Paschoa,F. Steinhausler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2009-12-31
ISBN 10: 9780080914183
ISBN 13: 0080914187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book Review:

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Remediation of Contaminated Environments

Remediation of Contaminated Environments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2009-05-12
ISBN 10: 0080914152
ISBN 13: 9780080914152
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remediation of Contaminated Environments Book Review:

Remediation of Contaminated Environments summarises - amongst other things - what happened to the people and environment around Chernobyl (and other nuclear sites) and what measures need to be taken in future in the event of nuclear accidents etc. plus it has a very important and currently topical use in detailing what to do in the event of a terrorist dirty bomb attack on a city. Remediation, including characterization of contaminated sites; safety requirements; remediation planning; effectiveness of individual measures in different environments; social, ethical and economic considerations; application of modern decision aiding technologies Applicable to different categories of contaminated environments and contaminants, comprising areas contaminated by radiation accidents and incidents, nuclear weapon tests, natural radionuclides associated with nuclear fuel cycle, fossil material mining and gas and oil production Associated side effects (environmental and social) and human based remediation measures, comprising perception of this activity by the population; with particular regard to stakeholders and population involvement in making decisions on environmental safety and remediation of contaminated sites

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2009-08-14
ISBN 10: 9780080914251
ISBN 13: 008091425X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas Book Review:

For many decades, investigations of the behaviour and implications of radioactive contamination in the environment have focused on agricultural areas and food production. This was due to the erroneous assumption that the consequences of credible contaminating incidents would be restricted to rural areas. However, due to the Chernobyl accident, more than 250,000 persons were removed from their homes, demonstrating a great need for knowledge and instruments that could be applied to minimise the manifold adverse consequences of contamination in inhabited areas. Also, today the world is facing a number of new threats, including radiological terrorism, which would be likely to take place in a city, where most people would become directly affected. A recent report from the US Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism concludes that it is most likely that a large radiological, or even nuclear, terror attack on a major city somewhere in the world will occur before 2013. For the first time ever, the specific problems of airborne radioactive contamination in inhabited areas are treated in a holistically covering treatise, pinpointing factorial interdependencies and describing instruments for mitigation. The state-of-the-art knowledge is here explained in Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas y leading scientists in the various disciplines of relevance. Unique holistic description of airborne radioactive contamination of inhabited areas and its consequences State-of-the-art information on problems associated with both accidental and malicious contamination events, in particularly 'dirty bombs' Detailed description of processes and parameters governing the severity of contaminating incidents Written by key experts in the world

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident
Author: Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN 10: 0124114873
ISBN 13: 9780124114876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fukushima Accident Book Review:

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness
Author: Mats Isaksson,Christopher L. Raaf
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2017-01-06
ISBN 10: 1482244659
ISBN 13: 9781482244656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness Book Review:

Radioactive sources such as nuclear power installations can pose a great threat to both humans and our environment. How do we measure, model and regulate such threats? Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness addresses these topical questions and aims to plug the gap in the lack of comprehensive literature in this field. The book explores how to deal with the threats posed by different radiological sources, including those that are lost or hidden, and the issues posed by the use of such sources. It presents measurement methods and approaches to model and quantify the extent of threat, and also presents strategies for emergency preparedness, such as strategies for first-responders and radiological triage in case an accident should happen. Containing the latest recommendations and procedures from bodies such as the IAEA, this book is an essential reference for both students and academicians studying radiation safety, as well as for radiation protection experts in public bodies or in the industry.

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management
Author: Deborah Oughton,Sven Ove Hansson
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-09-07
ISBN 10: 0080914292
ISBN 13: 9780080914299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management Book Review:

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation, environmental justice, health and safety for radiation workers, radiation dose standards, the ethics of clinical radiology, and the principles of radiation protection and their ethical underpinnings. With authors ranging from philosophers to radiation protection officials and practitioners, the book spans from theoretical to practical implications of this important area of radiation risk assessment and management. Covers all the major social and ethical issues in relation to radiation protection Information is easily accessible and non-technical Authors include leading radiation protection officials as well as specialists who are more independent of the radiation protection system, thus presenting both authoritative and more critical views Includes theoretical perspectives as well as practical experience

Handbook of Environmental Radiation

Handbook of Environmental Radiation
Author: Alfred W. Klement
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1351089927
ISBN 13: 9781351089920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental Radiation Book Review:

The primary aim of the handbook series will be to include as much useful data as possible for the specialist needing ready access for the solution of problems most likely to arise in the radiation protection professions. However, some selected review of fundamental concepts is also included to enable persons with a basic science or engineering background to acquire the necessary knowledge to solve a majority of problems in especially important aspects of radiation protection. Also since the profession is broad in discipline, an attempt has been made to fulfil the frequent need of professionals for a refresher course in some of the more important fundamentals needed to utilize data included in the handbook. Principles of management, organization, and procedures related to radiation safety will also be summarized in later volumes, with attention to presentation of methods for establishing new radiation safety programs based on the accumulated experience of others.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Laurie Wirt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 23
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015037740381
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides
Author: M.J. Keith-Roach,F.R. Livens
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2002-04-22
ISBN 10: 9780080534909
ISBN 13: 0080534902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides Book Review:

Many environmental processes are influenced, if not controlled, by microbial action and it is becoming increasingly important to develop an understanding of microbial roles in geochemistry. This book brings together state of the art research into microbiological processes and the extent to which they affect or can be used to control radioactive elements. The basic principles and fundamental mechanisms by which microbes and radionuclides interact are outlined, the methodology described, potential microbial influences on waste repositories examined, direct and indirect effects on transport both on local and global scales considered and potential technological applications identified. The book is directed towards advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers in the areas of environmental radioactivity, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and radioactive waste management. It will also be of interest to regulators, policy makers and non-governmental organisations. This novel and timely book offers a fully integrated approach to a topical international issue.

Tropical Radioecology

Tropical Radioecology
Author: John R. Twining
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0080450164
ISBN 13: 9780080450162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Radioecology Book Review:

Tropical Radioecology is a guide to the wide range of scientific practices and principles of this multidisciplinary field. It brings together past and present studies in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet, highlighting the unique aspects of tropical systems. Until recently, radioecological models for tropical environments have depended upon data derived from temperate environments, despite the differences of these regions in terms of biota and abiotic conditions. Since radioactivity can be used to trace environmental processes in humans and other biota, this book offers examples of studies in which radiotracers have been used to assess biokinetics in tropical biota. Features chapters, co-authored by world experts, that explain the origins, inputs, distribution, behaviour, and consequences of radioactivity in tropical and subtropical systems. Provides comprehensive lists of relevant data and identifies current knowledge gaps to allow for targeted radioecological research in the future. Integrates radioecological information into the most recent radiological consequences modelling and best-practice probabilistic ecological risk analysis methodology, given the need to understand the implications of enhanced socio-economic development in the world's tropical regions.

Radionuclides in the Environment

Radionuclides in the Environment
Author: Clemens Walther,Dharmendra K. Gupta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2015-10-30
ISBN 10: 331922171X
ISBN 13: 9783319221717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclides in the Environment Book Review:

This book provides extensive and comprehensive information to researchers and academicians who are interested in radionuclide contamination, its sources and environmental impact. It is also useful for graduate and undergraduate students specializing in radioactive-waste disposal and its impact on natural as well as manmade environments. A number of sites are affected by large legacies of waste from the mining and processing of radioactive minerals. Over recent decades, several hundred radioactive isotopes (radioisotopes) of natural elements have been produced artificially, including 90Sr, 137Cs and 131I. Several other anthropogenic radioactive elements have also been produced in large quantities, for example technetium, neptunium, plutonium and americium, although plutonium does occur naturally in trace amounts in uranium ores. The deposition of radionuclides on vegetation and soil, as well as the uptake from polluted aquifers (root uptake or irrigation) are the initial point for their transfer into the terrestrial environment and into food chains. There are two principal deposition processes for the removal of pollutants from the atmosphere: dry deposition is the direct transfer through absorption of gases and particles by natural surfaces, such as vegetation, whereas showery or wet deposition is the transport of a substance from the atmosphere to the ground by snow, hail or rain. Once deposited on any vegetation, radionuclides are removed from plants by the airstre am and rain, either through percolation or by cuticular scratch. The increase in biomass during plant growth does not cause a loss of activity, but it does lead to a decrease in activity concentration due to effective dilution. There is also systemic transport (translocation) of radionuclides within the plant subsequent to foliar uptake, leading the transfer of chemical components to other parts of the plant that have not been contaminated directly.

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Author: W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2011-07-29
ISBN 10: 9780080468884
ISBN 13: 0080468888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book Review:

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Sedimentary Processes Quantification Using Radionuclides

Sedimentary Processes  Quantification Using Radionuclides
Author: J. Carroll,I. Lerche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2003-09-19
ISBN 10: 0080540848
ISBN 13: 9780080540849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sedimentary Processes Quantification Using Radionuclides Book Review:

The advent of radionuclide methods in geochronology has revolutionized our understanding of modern sedimentary processes in aquatic systems. This book examines the principles of the method and its use as a quantitative tool in marine geology, with emphasis on the Pb-210 method. The assumptions and consequences of models and their behaviour are described providing the necessary background to assess the advantages and trade-offs involved when choosing a particular model for application. One of the purposes of this volume is to disentangle the influences of complicating factors, such as sediment flux variations, post-depositional diffusion of radionuclides, and bio-irrigation of sediments, to arrive at sediment ages and to properly assess the attendant data uncertainty. Environmental impacts of chemical, nuclear, or other waste material are of concern in a variety of areas around the world today. A number of relevant examples are included, demonstrating how dating models are useful for determining sources of contaminants and interpreting their influence on the environment. The book is set at a level so that an able student or professional should have no difficulty in following the procedures and methods developed. Each chapter includes case histories showing the strengths and weaknesses of a given procedure with respect to a data example. Included with this volume is the computer source code of a new generation of modelling tools based on inverse numerical analysis techniques. This first generation of the modelling tool is included, along with detailed instructions and examples for its use, in an appendix.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI
Author: Nicholas Evans
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2019-09-18
ISBN 10: 1788017358
ISBN 13: 9781788017350
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI Book Review:

Anthropogenic radionuclides have been introduced into the environment by incidents such as nuclear weapon tests, accidents in nuclear power plants, transport accidents and accidental or authorised discharges from nuclear facilities. Scientists need accurate analysis of these radionuclides in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. This book is a snapshot of the work of leading scientists from across the globe on environmental radiochemistry and radioecology, nuclear forensics and radiation detection, radioanalytical techniques and nuclear industry applications. The research contributions were first presented at the 13th International Symposium on Nuclear and Environmental Radiochemical Analysis in September 2018. This essential work provides a key reference for graduates and professionals who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, radiochemistry, environmental science and technology, and waste disposal.