Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: Frederick A.A. Kingdom,Nicolaas Prins
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2016-01-04
ISBN 10: 0080993818
ISBN 13: 9780080993812
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

Psychophysics: A Practical Introduction, Second Edition, is the primary scientific tool for understanding how the physical world of colors, sounds, odors, movements, and shapes translates into the sensory world of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell; in other words, how matter translates into mind. This timely revision provides a unique introduction to the techniques for researching and understanding how the brain translates the external physical world to the internal world of sensation. The revision expands and refines coverage of the basic tools of psychophysics research and better integrates the theory with the supporting software. The new edition continues to be the only book to combine, in a single volume, the principles underlying the science of psychophysical measurement and the practical tools necessary to analyze data from psychophysical experiments. The book, written in a tutorial style, will appeal to new researchers as well as to seasoned veterans. This introduction to psychophysics research methods will be of interest to students, scholars and researchers within sensory neuroscience, vision research, behavioral neuroscience, and the cognitive sciences. Presents a large variety of analytical methods explained for the non-expert Provides a novel classification scheme for psychophysics experiments Includes a new software package for collecting and analyzing psychophysical data Disseminates the pros and cons of different psychophysical procedures Contains practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: George A. Gescheider
Publsiher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Total Pages: 177
Release: 1976
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015006001476
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

Visual Psychophysics

Visual Psychophysics
Author: Zhong-Lin Lu,Barbara Dosher
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2013-10-11
ISBN 10: 0262019450
ISBN 13: 9780262019453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Visual Psychophysics Book Review:

A comprehensive treatment of the skills and techniques needed for visual psychophysics, from basic tools to sophisticated data analysis. Vision is one of the most active areas in biomedical research, and visual psychophysical techniques are a foundational methodology for this research enterprise. Visual psychophysics, which studies the relationship between the physical world and human behavior, is a classical field of study that has widespread applications in modern vision science. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, this textbook provides a comprehensive treatment of visual psychophysics, teaching not only basic techniques but also sophisticated data analysis methodologies and theoretical approaches. It begins with practical information about setting up a vision lab and goes on to discuss the creation, manipulation, and display of visual images; timing and integration of displays with measurements of brain activities and other relevant techniques; experimental designs; estimation of behavioral functions; and examples of psychophysics in applied and clinical settings. The book's treatment of experimental designs presents the most commonly used psychophysical paradigms, theory-driven psychophysical experiments, and the analysis of these procedures in a signal-detection theory framework. The book discusses the theoretical underpinnings of data analysis and scientific interpretation, presenting data analysis techniques that include model fitting, model comparison, and a general framework for optimized adaptive testing methods. It includes many sample programs in Matlab with functions from Psychtoolbox, a free toolbox for real-time experimental control. Once students and researchers have mastered the material in this book, they will have the skills to apply visual psychophysics to cutting-edge vision science.

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: Stanley Smith Stevens
Publsiher: Transaction Publishers
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1412832330
ISBN 13: 9781412832335
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: S.S. Stevens
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN 10: 1351495879
ISBN 13: 9781351495875
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

Psychophysics is a lively account by one of experimental psychology's seminal figures of his lifelong scientific quest for general laws governing human behavior. It is a landmark work that captures the fundamental themes of Stevens's experimental research and his vision of what psycho-physics and psychology are and can be. The context of this modern classic is detailed by Lawrence Marks's pungent and highly revealing introduction. The search for a general psychophysical law—a mathematical equation relating sensation to stimulus—pervades this work, first published in 1975. Stevens covers methods of measuring human psychophysical behavior: magnitude estimation, magnitude production, and cross-modality matching are used to examine sensory mechanisms, perceptual processes, and social consensus. The wisdom in this volume lies in its exposition of an approach that can apply generally to the study of human behavior

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: Frederick A.A. Kingdom,Nicolaas Prins
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2009-09-29
ISBN 10: 9780080920221
ISBN 13: 0080920225
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

Psychophysics: A Practical Application is a single-volume text that covers the rudimentary principles of psychophysical methods and the practical tools that are important for processing data from psychophysical experiments and tests. It makes complicated concepts and procedures understandable for beginners and non-experts in psychophysics. The book includes a wide array of analytical techniques, such as novel classification schemes for psychophysics experiments; new software packages for collecting and processing psychophysical data; practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments; and the advantages and disadvantages of the different psychophysical methods. The first chapters of the book present the fundamental concepts and terminology of psychophysics, and they familiarize readers with available psychophysical techniques. The remaining chapters discuss a series of topics, such as psychometric functions, adaptive procedures, signal detection measures, scaling methods, and statistical model comparisons. The book serves as an invaluable source of information about psychophysics for researchers and optometrists, as well as for psychology and neuroscience students, on both the graduate and undergraduate level. Large variety of analytical methods explained for the non-expert Novel classification scheme for psychophysics experiments New software package for collecting and analyzing psychophysical data Pros and cons of different psychophysical procedures Practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments

Modern Psychophysical And Scaling Methods And Experimentation

Modern Psychophysical And Scaling Methods And Experimentation
Author: M. Rajamanickam
Publsiher: Concept Publishing Company
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9788170229162
ISBN 13: 8170229162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Psychophysical And Scaling Methods And Experimentation Book Review:

Sensation and Judgment

Sensation and Judgment
Author: John C. Baird
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2014-02-25
ISBN 10: 1317779770
ISBN 13: 9781317779773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensation and Judgment Book Review:

Psychophysical theory exists in two distinct forms -- one ascribes the explanation of phenomena and empirical laws to sensory processes. Context effects arising through the use of particular methods are an unwanted nuisance whose influence must be eliminated so that one isolates the "true" sensory scale. The other considers psychophysics only in terms of cognitive variables such as the judgment strategies induced by instructions and response biases. Sensory factors play a minor role in cognitive approaches. This work admits the validity of both forms of theory by arguing that the same empirical phenomena should be conceptualized in two alternative, apparently contradictory, ways. This acceptance of opposites is necessary because some empirical phenomena are best explained in terms of sensory processes, while others are best ascribed to central causes. The complementarity theory stresses the "mutually completing" nature of two distinct models. The first assigns importance to populations of sensory neurons acting in the aggregate and is formulated to deal with sensory effects. The second assigns importance to judgment uncertainty and to the subject strategies induced by experimental procedures. This model is formulated to explain context effects. Throughout the text, the exposition is interlaced with mathematics, graphs, and computer simulations designed to reveal the complementary nature of psychophysical explanations.

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Author: Douglas W. Cunningham,Christian Wallraven
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN 10: 1439865515
ISBN 13: 9781439865514
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experimental Design Book Review:

As computers proliferate and as the field of computer graphics matures, it has become increasingly important for computer scientists to understand how users perceive and interpret computer graphics. Experimental Design: From User Studies to Psychophysics is an accessible introduction to psychological experiments and experimental design, covering the major components in the design, execution, and analysis of perceptual studies. The book begins with an introduction to the concepts central to designing and understanding experiments, including developing a research question, setting conditions and controls, and balancing specificity with generality. The book then explores in detail a number of types of experimental tasks: free description, rating scales, forced-choice, specialized multiple choice, and real-world tasks as well as physiological studies. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each type and provides examples of that type of experiment from the authors’ own work. The book also covers stimulus-related issues, including popular stimulus resources. It concludes with a thorough examination of statistical techniques for analyzing results, including methods specific to individual tasks.

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Author: George A. Gescheider
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN 10: 113480122X
ISBN 13: 9781134801220
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Book Review:

This third edition of a classic text which was first published in 1976 is the only comprehensive, up-to-date presentation of psychophysics currently available. It has been used by undergraduate and graduate students, and scholars throughout the world and is consistently thought of as the best single source for learning the basic principles of psychophysics. The coverage of the field is comprehensive, including topics ranging from the classical methods of threshold measurement, to the modern methods of detection theory, to psychophysical scaling of sensation magnitude. The approach is one in which methods, theories, and applications are described for each experimental procedure. New features found in this third edition include: * methodological and theoretical contributions made in the field during this time period, * descriptions of adaptive procedures for measuring thresholds, context effects in scaling, theory of quantal fluctuations, multidimensional scaling, nonmetric scaling of sensory differences, and the relationship between the size of the DL and the slope of the sensation magnitude function, * new methods for measuring the observer's sensitivity of criterion and an expanded discussion of category scaling including the range frequency model and verbally labeled categories, and * methods used to control the observer's nonlinear use of numbers in magnitude estimation such as line-length scaling, magnitude matching, master scaling, and category-ratio scaling.

Elements of Psychophysical Theory

Elements of Psychophysical Theory
Author: Jean-Claude Falmagne
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780195148329
ISBN 13: 0195148320
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elements of Psychophysical Theory Book Review:

This book presents the basic concepts of classical psychophysics, derived from Gustav Fechner, as seen from the perspective of modern measurement theory. The theoretical discussion is elucidated with examples and numerous problems, and solutions to one-quarter of the problems are provided in the text.

Psychophysics Beyond Sensation

Psychophysics Beyond Sensation
Author: Christian Kaernbach,Erich Schr”ger,Hermann M ller,Hermann Muller,Erich Schroger
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2004-05-20
ISBN 10: 1135633657
ISBN 13: 9781135633653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics Beyond Sensation Book Review:

This volume presents a series of studies that expand laws, invariants, and principles of psychophysics beyond its classical domain of sensation. This book's goal is to demonstrate the extent of the domain of psychophysics, ranging from sensory processes, through sensory memory and short-term memory issues, to the interaction between sensation and action. The dynamics and timing of human performance are a further important issue within this extended framework of psychophysics: Given the similarity of the various cortical areas in terms of their neuroanatomical structure, it is an important question whether this similarity is paralleled by a similarity of processes. These issues are addressed by the contributions in the present volume using state-of-the-art research methods in behavioral research, psychophysiology, and mathematical modeling. The book is divided into four sections. Part I presents contributions concerning the classical domain of psychophysical judgment. The next two parts are concerned with elementary and higher-order processes and the concluding section deals with psychophysical models. The sections are introduced by guest editorials contributed by independent authors. These editorials present the authors' personals view on the respective section, providing an integrated account of the various contributions or highlighting their focus of interest among them. While also voicing their own and sometimes different point of view, they contribute to the process of discussion that makes science so exciting. This volume should be of great interest to advanced students in neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, neuropsychology, and related areas who seek to evaluate the range and power of psychological work today. Established scientists in those fields will also appreciate the variety of issues addressed within the same methodological framework and their multiple interconnections and stimulating "cross-talk."

Sensory Neuroscience Four Laws of Psychophysics

Sensory Neuroscience  Four Laws of Psychophysics
Author: Jozef J. Zwislocki
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2009-02-13
ISBN 10: 9780387848495
ISBN 13: 0387848495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensory Neuroscience Four Laws of Psychophysics Book Review:

Sensory Neuroscience: Four Laws of Psychophysics organizes part of psychophysics -- a science of quantitative relationships between human sensations and the stimuli that evoke them. Although psychophysics belongs to sensory neuroscience, and is coupled to neurophysiology, it has also branched out to various specialized disciplines, including the disciplines of vision and hearing, ophthalmology, optometry, otology, and audiology. Due to this diversification and fragmentation, psychophysics has had an ad-hoc, phenomenological orientation. Besides Weber’s law of differential sensitivity, and the still-controversial Stevens’ power law, it has lacked a systematic grid of scientific laws. Sensory Neuroscience: Four Laws of Psychophysics provides valid unifying principles and systematic applications for this otherwise fragmented precursor of experimental psychology, and defines four multisensory relationships of substantial generality between sensations and the underlying stimulus variables. This book will be particularly useful to auditory researchers, experimental psychologists, and behavioral neuroscientists.

ERG VER and Psychophysics

ERG  VER and Psychophysics
Author: Theodore Lawwill
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401013128
ISBN 13: 9789401013123
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ERG VER and Psychophysics Book Review:

XIVth ISCERG Symposium, Louisville, Kentucky, USA, 10-14 May, 1976

n Dimensional Nonlinear Psychophysics

n Dimensional Nonlinear Psychophysics
Author: Robert A. M. Gregson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-09-30
ISBN 10: 1000394778
ISBN 13: 9781000394771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

n Dimensional Nonlinear Psychophysics Book Review:

Originally published in 1992, this work compliments and extends the theory and results of nonlinear psychophysics – an original approach created by the author. It breaks with the traditional mathematics used in the experimental psychology of sensation and draws on what is popularly known as chaos theory and its extension into neural networks. Topical and innovative in its approach, it integrates a diversity of topics previously treated separately into one framework. The properties of the mathematics used are illustrated in the context of substantive problems in psychophysics; thus, it builds strong new bridges between the dynamics of mass action in psychophysical processes and the broader phenomena of sensation. No other treatments of the topic take quite this approach; the use of systems theory, rather than traditional equations of psychophysics dating from the mid-nineteenth century, offers a striking contrast in both theory construction and data analysis.

Psychophysics of Reading in Normal and Low Vision

Psychophysics of Reading in Normal and Low Vision
Author: Gordon E. Legge
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2006-10-11
ISBN 10: 1482269481
ISBN 13: 9781482269482
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysics of Reading in Normal and Low Vision Book Review:

Written by a leader in the field of low vision research, this book discusses the role of vision in reading, focusing on the reading performance of people with normal, healthy vision and people with impaired vision. The author describes the influence of physical properties of text on reading performance and the implications for information processing in the visual pathways. Providing an overview of seminal research, this book explores: different forms of low vision that affect reading, text characteristics that optimize reading for those with low vision, and principles underlying the legibility of text and guidelines for displaying text. Special topics include the role of the magnocellular pathway in reading and dyslexia, Braille reading, and fonts for highway signs. An accompanying CD contains reprints of the seminal series of articles by Gordon E. Legge and colleagues on the psychophysics of reading in normal and low vision, published between 1985 and 2001. This volume will be of interest to researchers and professionals in the area of low vision, including graphics engineers, HCI scientists, human factors specialists, low-vision rehabilitation specialists, opthamologists, occupational therapists, special education teachers, as well as cognitive scientists and perceptual psychologists. It is also suitable for advanced students with a background in the topic.

The Application of Statistical Methods to the Problems of Psychophysics

The Application of Statistical Methods to the Problems of Psychophysics
Author: Friedrich Maria Urban
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 221
Release: 1908
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4078220
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Application of Statistical Methods to the Problems of Psychophysics Book Review:

Introduction to the Physics and Psychophysics of Music

Introduction to the Physics and Psychophysics of Music
Author: Juan G. Roederer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461599814
ISBN 13: 9781461599814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Physics and Psychophysics of Music Book Review:

Viii book we shall refer a great deal to the discipline of psycho physics, which in a broad sense tries to establish in a quan titative form the causal relationship between the "physical" input from our senses and the psychological sensations and physiological reactions evoked in our mind and body, re spectively. Actually, we shall try to weave a rather close mesh between physics and psychophysics-or, more pre cisely, psychoacoustics. After all, they appear naturally interwoven in music itself: not only pitch, loudness and timbre are a product of physical and psychoacoustical proc esses, but so are the sensations related to consonance and dissonance, tonic dominance, trills and ornamentation, vibrato, phrasing, beats, tone attack, duration and decay, rhythm, and so on. Many books on physics of music or musical acoustics are readily available. An up-to-date text is the treatise of John Backus (1969). No book on psychoacoustics is available at the elementary level, though. Several review articles on pertinent topics can be found in Tobias (1970) and in Plomp and Smoorenburg (1970). A comprehensive discussion is given in Flanagan's book on speech (1972). And, of course, there is the classical treatise of von Bekesy (1960). A com prehensive up-to-date analysis of general brain processes can be found in Sommerhoff (1974); musical psychology is discussed in classical terms in Lundin (1967).

An Experimental Evaluation of Equality Judgments in Psychophysics

An Experimental Evaluation of Equality Judgments in Psychophysics
Author: Winthrop Niles Kellogg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 78
Release: 1930
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015025894463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Experimental Evaluation of Equality Judgments in Psychophysics Book Review:

Psychophysical Approaches to Cognition

Psychophysical Approaches to Cognition
Author: D. Algom
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 626
Release: 1992-08-20
ISBN 10: 9780080867465
ISBN 13: 0080867464
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychophysical Approaches to Cognition Book Review:

Our lives are informed by perceptual and cognitive processes at all levels, from instrumental learning to metaphorical discourse to memorial representation. Yet, historically, these two branches of experimental psychology, perception and cognition, have developed separately using independent methods of experimentation and analysis. This volume is motivated by the assumption that a fundamental integration of the two fields is fruitful methodologically and indispensable theoretically. It explores how the notion of psychophysics aligned with cognitive processes shapes the study of perception and cognition, and illuminates a variety of contemporary research issues from a novel theoretical perspective. The papers raise conceptual and metatheoretical issues against the background of relevant empirical data. The authors provide a virtually narrative account of the most recent developments in their respective fields of expertise in psychophysics and cognitive psychology. Hence, this volume gives the interested reader an opportunity to reflect critically upon some of the current issues defining the two domains and their conjunction. Topics discussed include the psychology and psychophysics of similarity, the psychophysics of visual memory and cognitive factors in judgment. The emerging notion of cognitive psychophysics may well warrant the attention of experts in the field.