Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trials

Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trials
Author: Cynthia J. Girman,Mary E. Ritchey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2021-04-08
ISBN 10: 0128176644
ISBN 13: 9780128176641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trials Book Review:

Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trials Using Primary Data Collection and Electronic Health Records addresses the practical aspects and challenges of the design, implementation, and dissemination of pragmatic randomized trials, also sometimes referred to as practical or hybrid randomized trials. While less restrictive and more generalizable than traditional randomized controlled trials, such trials have specific challenges which are addressed in this book. The book contains chapters encompassing common designs along with advantages and limitations of such designs, analytic aspects in planning trials and estimating sample size, and how to use patient partners to help design and operationalize pragmatic randomized trials. Pragmatic trials conducted using primary data collection and trials embedded in electronic health records - including electronic medical records and administrative insurance claims - are addressed. This comprehensive resource is valuable not only for pharmacoepidemiologists, biostatisticians and clinical researchers, but also across the biomedical field for those who are interested in applying pragmatic randomized clinical trials in their research. • Addresses typical designs and challenges of pragmatic randomized clinical trials (pRCTs) • Encompasses analytic aspects of such trials • Discusses real cases on operational challenges in launching and conducting pRCTs in electronic health records

Principles and Practice of Clinical Trials

Principles and Practice of Clinical Trials
Author: Steven Piantadosi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3319526367
ISBN 13: 9783319526362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Practice of Clinical Trials Book Review:

The Prevention and Treatment of Missing Data in Clinical Trials

The Prevention and Treatment of Missing Data in Clinical Trials
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Handling Missing Data in Clinical Trials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2011-01-21
ISBN 10: 0309158141
ISBN 13: 9780309158145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Prevention and Treatment of Missing Data in Clinical Trials Book Review:

Randomized clinical trials are the primary tool for evaluating new medical interventions. Randomization provides for a fair comparison between treatment and control groups, balancing out, on average, distributions of known and unknown factors among the participants. Unfortunately, these studies often lack a substantial percentage of data. This missing data reduces the benefit provided by the randomization and introduces potential biases in the comparison of the treatment groups. Missing data can arise for a variety of reasons, including the inability or unwillingness of participants to meet appointments for evaluation. And in some studies, some or all of data collection ceases when participants discontinue study treatment. Existing guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials, and the analysis of the resulting data, provide only limited advice on how to handle missing data. Thus, approaches to the analysis of data with an appreciable amount of missing values tend to be ad hoc and variable. The Prevention and Treatment of Missing Data in Clinical Trials concludes that a more principled approach to design and analysis in the presence of missing data is both needed and possible. Such an approach needs to focus on two critical elements: (1) careful design and conduct to limit the amount and impact of missing data and (2) analysis that makes full use of information on all randomized participants and is based on careful attention to the assumptions about the nature of the missing data underlying estimates of treatment effects. In addition to the highest priority recommendations, the book offers more detailed recommendations on the conduct of clinical trials and techniques for analysis of trial data.

Pharmacoepidemiology

Pharmacoepidemiology
Author: Brian L. Strom,Stephen E. Kimmel,Sean Hennessy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1208
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN 10: 1119413427
ISBN 13: 9781119413424
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmacoepidemiology Book Review:

This classic, field-defining textbook, now in its sixth edition, provides the most comprehensive guidance available for anyone needing up-to-date information in pharmacoepidemiology. This edition has been fully revised and updated throughout and continues to provide a rounded view on all perspectives from academia, industry and regulatory bodies, addressing data sources, applications and methodologies with great clarity.

Prevention Practice in Primary Care

Prevention Practice in Primary Care
Author: Sherri Sheinfeld Gorin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2013-11
ISBN 10: 0195373014
ISBN 13: 9780195373011
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prevention Practice in Primary Care Book Review:

Prevention Practice in Primary Care systematically explores state-of-the-art practical approaches to effective prevention in primary care. Guided by theory and evidence, the book reviews approaches to risk factor identification and modification for the major causes of mortality in adulthood, including cancer, stroke, and cardiovascular disease.

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes
Author: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/AHRQ
Publsiher: Government Printing Office
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2014-04-01
ISBN 10: 1587634333
ISBN 13: 9781587634338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes Book Review:

This User’s Guide is intended to support the design, implementation, analysis, interpretation, and quality evaluation of registries created to increase understanding of patient outcomes. For the purposes of this guide, a patient registry is an organized system that uses observational study methods to collect uniform data (clinical and other) to evaluate specified outcomes for a population defined by a particular disease, condition, or exposure, and that serves one or more predetermined scientific, clinical, or policy purposes. A registry database is a file (or files) derived from the registry. Although registries can serve many purposes, this guide focuses on registries created for one or more of the following purposes: to describe the natural history of disease, to determine clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of health care products and services, to measure or monitor safety and harm, and/or to measure quality of care. Registries are classified according to how their populations are defined. For example, product registries include patients who have been exposed to biopharmaceutical products or medical devices. Health services registries consist of patients who have had a common procedure, clinical encounter, or hospitalization. Disease or condition registries are defined by patients having the same diagnosis, such as cystic fibrosis or heart failure. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews.

Best Care at Lower Cost

Best Care at Lower Cost
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Learning Health Care System in America
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2013-05-10
ISBN 10: 0309282810
ISBN 13: 9780309282819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Best Care at Lower Cost Book Review:

America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual. Best Care at Lower Cost explains that inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness. According to this report, the knowledge and tools exist to put the health system on the right course to achieve continuous improvement and better quality care at a lower cost. The costs of the system's current inefficiency underscore the urgent need for a systemwide transformation. About 30 percent of health spending in 2009--roughly $750 billion--was wasted on unnecessary services, excessive administrative costs, fraud, and other problems. Moreover, inefficiencies cause needless suffering. By one estimate, roughly 75,000 deaths might have been averted in 2005 if every state had delivered care at the quality level of the best performing state. This report states that the way health care providers currently train, practice, and learn new information cannot keep pace with the flood of research discoveries and technological advances. About 75 million Americans have more than one chronic condition, requiring coordination among multiple specialists and therapies, which can increase the potential for miscommunication, misdiagnosis, potentially conflicting interventions, and dangerous drug interactions. Best Care at Lower Cost emphasizes that a better use of data is a critical element of a continuously improving health system, such as mobile technologies and electronic health records that offer significant potential to capture and share health data better. In order for this to occur, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, IT developers, and standard-setting organizations should ensure that these systems are robust and interoperable. Clinicians and care organizations should fully adopt these technologies, and patients should be encouraged to use tools, such as personal health information portals, to actively engage in their care. This book is a call to action that will guide health care providers; administrators; caregivers; policy makers; health professionals; federal, state, and local government agencies; private and public health organizations; and educational institutions.

Clinical and Translational Science

Clinical and Translational Science
Author: David Robertson,Gordon H. Williams
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 808
Release: 2016-11-25
ISBN 10: 012802111X
ISBN 13: 9780128021118
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical and Translational Science Book Review:

Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research, Second Edition, is the most authoritative and timely resource for the broad range of investigators taking on the challenge of clinical and translational science, a field that is devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. This updated second edition has been prepared with an international perspective, beginning with fundamental principles, experimental design, epidemiology, traditional and new biostatistical approaches, and investigative tools. It presents complete instruction and guidance from fundamental principles, approaches, and infrastructure, especially for human genetics and genomics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research. The book moves on to discuss legal, social, and ethical issues, and concludes with a discussion of future prospects, providing readers with a comprehensive view of this rapidly developing area of science. Introduces novel physiological and therapeutic strategies for engaging the fastest growing scientific field in both the private sector and academic medicine Brings insights from international leaders into the discipline of clinical and translational science Addresses drug discovery, drug repurposing and development, innovative and improved approaches to go/no-go decisions in drug development, and traditional and innovative clinical trial designs

Miller s Anesthesia 2 Volume Set E Book

Miller s Anesthesia  2 Volume Set E Book
Author: Michael A. Gropper,Ronald D. Miller,Lars I. Eriksson,Lee A. Fleisher,Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish,Neal H. Cohen,Kate Leslie
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 3490
Release: 2019-10-07
ISBN 10: 0323612644
ISBN 13: 9780323612647
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Miller s Anesthesia 2 Volume Set E Book Book Review:

Covering everything from historical and international perspectives to basic science and current clinical practice, Miller's Anesthesia, 9th Edition, remains the preeminent reference in the field. Dr. Michael Gropper leads a team of global experts who bring you the most up-to-date information available on the technical, scientific, and clinical issues you face each day – whether you’re preparing for the boards, studying for recertification, or managing a challenging patient care situation in your practice. Includes four new chapters: Clinical Care in Extreme Environments: High Pressure, Immersion, and Hypo- and Hyperthermia; Immediate and Long-Term Complications; Clinical Research; and Interpreting the Medical Literature. Addresses timely topics such as neurotoxicity, palliation, and sleep/wake disorders. Streamlines several topics into single chapters with fresh perspectives from new authors, making the material more readable and actionable. Features the knowledge and expertise of former lead editor Dr. Ronald Miller, as well as new editor Dr. Kate Leslie of the University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital. Provides state-of-the-art coverage of anesthetic drugs, guidelines for anesthetic practice and patient safety, new techniques, step-by-step instructions for patient management, the unique needs of pediatric patients, and much more – all highlighted by more than 1,500 full-color illustrations for enhanced visual clarity.

The Learning Healthcare System

The Learning Healthcare System
Author: Institute of Medicine,Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2007-06-01
ISBN 10: 0309133939
ISBN 13: 9780309133937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Learning Healthcare System Book Review:

As our nation enters a new era of medical science that offers the real prospect of personalized health care, we will be confronted by an increasingly complex array of health care options and decisions. The Learning Healthcare System considers how health care is structured to develop and to apply evidence-from health profession training and infrastructure development to advances in research methodology, patient engagement, payment schemes, and measurement-and highlights opportunities for the creation of a sustainable learning health care system that gets the right care to people when they need it and then captures the results for improvement. This book will be of primary interest to hospital and insurance industry administrators, health care providers, those who train and educate health workers, researchers, and policymakers. The Learning Healthcare System is the first in a series that will focus on issues important to improving the development and application of evidence in health care decision making. The Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine serves as a neutral venue for cooperative work among key stakeholders on several dimensions: to help transform the availability and use of the best evidence for the collaborative health care choices of each patient and provider; to drive the process of discovery as a natural outgrowth of patient care; and, ultimately, to ensure innovation, quality, safety, and value in health care.

Complex Interventions in Health

Complex Interventions in Health
Author: David A. Richards,Ingalill Rahm Hallberg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2015-04-17
ISBN 10: 1134470495
ISBN 13: 9781134470495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Interventions in Health Book Review:

Health and human services currently face a series of challenges – such as aging populations, chronic diseases and new endemics – that require highly complex responses, and take place in multiple care environments including acute medicine, chronic care facilities and the community. Accordingly, most modern health care interventions are now seen as ‘complex interventions’ – activities that contain a number of component parts with the potential for interactions between them which, when applied to the intended target population, produce a range of possible and variable outcomes. This in turn requires methodological developments that also take into account changing values and attitudes related to the situation of patients’ receiving health care. The first book to place complex interventions within a coherent system of research enquiry, this work is designed to help researchers understand the research processes involved at each stage of developing, testing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions, and assist them to integrate methodological activities to produce secure, evidence-based health care interventions. It begins with conceptual chapters which set out the complex interventions framework, discuss the interrelation between knowledge development and evidence, and explore how mixed methods research contributes to improved health. Structured around the influential UK Medical Research Council guidance for use of complex interventions, four sections, each comprised of bite-sized chapters written by multidisciplinary experts in the area, focus on: - Developing complex interventions - Assessing the feasibility of complex interventions and piloting them - Evaluating complex interventions - Implementing complex interventions. Accessible to students and researchers grappling with complex interventions, each substantive chapter includes an introduction, bulleted learning objectives, clinical examples, a summary and further reading. The perspectives of various stakeholders, including patients, families and professionals, are discussed throughout as are the economic and ethical implications of methods. A vital companion for health research, this book is suitable for readers from multidisciplinary disciplines such as medical, nursing, public health, health services research, human services and allied healthcare backgrounds.

Real World Evidence Generation and Evaluation of Therapeutics

Real World Evidence Generation and Evaluation of Therapeutics
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN 10: 0309455650
ISBN 13: 9780309455657
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Real World Evidence Generation and Evaluation of Therapeutics Book Review:

The volume and complexity of information about individual patients is greatly increasing with use of electronic records and personal devices. Potential effects on medical product development in the context of this wealth of real-world data could be numerous and varied, ranging from the ability to determine both large-scale and patient-specific effects of treatments to the ability to assess how therapeutics affect patients' lives through measurement of lifestyle changes. In October 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop to facilitate dialogue among stakeholders about the opportunities and challenges for incorporating real-world evidence into all stages in the process for the generation and evaluation of therapeutics. Participants explored unmet stakeholder needs and opportunities to generate new kinds of evidence that meet those needs. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records

Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records
Author: MIT Critical Data
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 427
Release: 2016-09-09
ISBN 10: 3319437429
ISBN 13: 9783319437422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records Book Review:

This book trains the next generation of scientists representing different disciplines to leverage the data generated during routine patient care. It formulates a more complete lexicon of evidence-based recommendations and support shared, ethical decision making by doctors with their patients. Diagnostic and therapeutic technologies continue to evolve rapidly, and both individual practitioners and clinical teams face increasingly complex ethical decisions. Unfortunately, the current state of medical knowledge does not provide the guidance to make the majority of clinical decisions on the basis of evidence. The present research infrastructure is inefficient and frequently produces unreliable results that cannot be replicated. Even randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the traditional gold standards of the research reliability hierarchy, are not without limitations. They can be costly, labor intensive, and slow, and can return results that are seldom generalizable to every patient population. Furthermore, many pertinent but unresolved clinical and medical systems issues do not seem to have attracted the interest of the research enterprise, which has come to focus instead on cellular and molecular investigations and single-agent (e.g., a drug or device) effects. For clinicians, the end result is a bit of a “data desert” when it comes to making decisions. The new research infrastructure proposed in this book will help the medical profession to make ethically sound and well informed decisions for their patients.

Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology

Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology
Author: Brian L. Strom,Stephen E. Kimmel,Sean Hennessy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2013-07-08
ISBN 10: 1118344847
ISBN 13: 9781118344842
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology Book Review:

Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology, Second Edition, provides an introduction to pharmacoepidemiology and the data sources, methods and applications used in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory agencies. Drawing upon the fifth edition of the authoritative reference, Pharmacoepidemiology, this new edition covers the key learning requirements of the discipline. The textbook provides an introduction to pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacoepidemiological data sources, special issues in methodology, special applications and future developments in the field. Updated learning features such as case studies, key points and Suggested Further Reading are included throughout the text. Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology is a practical educational resource for upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, post-doctoral fellows in schools of public health, pharmacy and medicine, and for everyone learning and working in pharmacoepidemiology.

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions
Author: Julian P. T. Higgins,Sally Green
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-11-24
ISBN 10: 9780470699515
ISBN 13: 0470699515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Book Review:

Healthcare providers, consumers, researchers and policy makers are inundated with unmanageable amounts of information, including evidence from healthcare research. It has become impossible for all to have the time and resources to find, appraise and interpret this evidence and incorporate it into healthcare decisions. Cochrane Reviews respond to this challenge by identifying, appraising and synthesizing research-based evidence and presenting it in a standardized format, published in The Cochrane Library (www.thecochranelibrary.com). The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions contains methodological guidance for the preparation and maintenance of Cochrane intervention reviews. Written in a clear and accessible format, it is the essential manual for all those preparing, maintaining and reading Cochrane reviews. Many of the principles and methods described here are appropriate for systematic reviews applied to other types of research and to systematic reviews of interventions undertaken by others. It is hoped therefore that this book will be invaluable to all those who want to understand the role of systematic reviews, critically appraise published reviews or perform reviews themselves.

Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement

Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement
Author: David Cella,Elizabeth A. Hahn,Sally E. Jensen,Zeeshan Butt,Cindy J. Nowinski,Nan Rothrock,Kathleen N. Lohr
Publsiher: RTI Press
Total Pages: 97
Release: 2015-09-17
ISBN 10: 193483114X
ISBN 13: 9781934831144
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Patient Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement Book Review:

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are measures of how patients feel or what they are able to do in the context of their health status; PROs are reports, usually on questionnaires, about a patient's health conditions, health behaviors, or experiences with health care that individuals report directly, without modification of responses by clinicians or others; thus, they directly reflect the voice of the patient. PROs cover domains such as physical health, mental and emotional health, functioning, symptoms and symptom burden, and health behaviors. They are relevant for many activities: helping patients and their clinicians make informed decisions about health care, monitoring the progress of care, setting policies for coverage and reimbursement of health services, improving the quality of health care services, and tracking or reporting on the performance of health care delivery organizations. We address the major methodological issues related to choosing, administering, and using PROs for these purposes, particularly in clinical practice settings. We include a framework for best practices in selecting PROs, focusing on choosing appropriate methods and modes for administering PRO measures to accommodate patients with diverse linguistic, cultural, educational, and functional skills, understanding measures developed through both classic and modern test theory, and addressing complex issues relating to scoring and analyzing PRO data.

Landmark Papers in Psychiatry

Landmark Papers in Psychiatry
Author: Elizabeth Ryznar,Aderonke B. Pederson,John G. Csernansky,Mark A. Reinecke
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2020-01-23
ISBN 10: 0198836503
ISBN 13: 9780198836506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Landmark Papers in Psychiatry Book Review:

Advances in the practice of psychiatry have occurred in "fits and starts" over the last several decades. These advances are evident to anyone long affiliated with the field and are best appreciated through direct experience of living through the times. These advances can also be gleaned from historical overviews in textbooks or the recollections of one's teachers and mentors. Returning to the original papers that have ushered in these changes is rarely done for various, mostly practical, reasons. Filtering through thousands of articles in psychiatry may prove daunting, access to the manuscripts may be limited (especially for papers not available electronically), and understanding their impact requires a broader context. Moreover, with so much active research currently occurring in various branches of psychiatry, current practitioners or trainees may find their attention focused on the present, and this is reinforced by electronic search algorithms, which return articles in reverse chronological order. Not surprisingly, citations for articles in virtually all fields decline precipitously for articles over five years old. As scholars and professionals, we are losing touch with our academic heritage. Yet navigating the future of psychiatry requires a firm understanding of its past. This resource serves as a guide for anyone seeking to understand the evolution of psychiatry as a scientific discipline. It does so by summarizing over 100 landmark papers in psychiatry and placing their scientific contributions within a historical context. An introductory section sets the stage for the major theoretical constructs within the field, with chapters devoted to ontology and nosology. Subsequent sections examine major facets of the theory and practice of psychiatry, such as pathogenesis of psychiatric illness, pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and somatic treatments. These sections are divided logically into chapters addressing important contributions to the understanding and treatment of specific disorders. A final section explores ethical considerations within each field. This framework echoes the complexity of psychiatry, which cannot be reduced to a single set of diagnoses or subspecialty categories. Highlighting the research trajectory of psychiatry, this resource will appeal to academics, trainees, and practitioners who desire a comprehensive, easy-to-read, up-to-date collection of psychiatry's pivotal moments. By understanding the challenges, inspirations, and insights from the past, readers will be better poised to address new and ongoing challenges within the field.

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2015-01-08
ISBN 10: 0309312450
ISBN 13: 9780309312455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records Book Review:

Determinants of health - like physical activity levels and living conditions - have traditionally been the concern of public health and have not been linked closely to clinical practice. However, if standardized social and behavioral data can be incorporated into patient electronic health records (EHRs), those data can provide crucial information about factors that influence health and the effectiveness of treatment. Such information is useful for diagnosis, treatment choices, policy, health care system design, and innovations to improve health outcomes and reduce health care costs. Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records: Phase 2 identifies domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for the meaningful use of EHRs. This report is the second part of a two-part study. The Phase 1 report identified 17 domains for inclusion in EHRs. This report pinpoints 12 measures related to 11 of the initial domains and considers the implications of incorporating them into all EHRs. This book includes three chapters from the Phase 1 report in addition to the new Phase 2 material. Standardized use of EHRs that include social and behavioral domains could provide better patient care, improve population health, and enable more informative research. The recommendations of Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records: Phase 2 will provide valuable information on which to base problem identification, clinical diagnoses, patient treatment, outcomes assessment, and population health measurement.

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2014-06-23
ISBN 10: 0309301130
ISBN 13: 9780309301138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records Book Review:

Substantial empirical evidence of the contribution of social and behavioral factors to functional status and the onset and progression of disease has accumulated over the past few decades. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide crucial information to providers treating individual patients, to health systems, including public health officials, about the health of populations, and to researchers about the determinants of health and the effectiveness of treatment. Inclusion of social and behavioral health domains in EHRs is vital to all three uses. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act place new importance on the widespread adoption and meaningful use of EHRs. "Meaningful use" in a health information technology context refers to the use of EHRs and related technology within a health care organization to achieve specified objectives. Achieving meaningful use also helps determine whether an organization can receive payments from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program or the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program. Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records is the first phase of a two-phase study to identify domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for meaningful use of EHRs. This report identifies specific domains to be considered by the Office of the National Coordinator, specifies criteria that should be used in deciding which domains should be included, identifies core social and behavioral domains to be included in all EHRs, and identifies any domains that should be included for specific populations or settings defined by age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, disease, or other characteristics.

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health
Author: Roger Detels,Martin Gulliford,Quarraisha Abdool Karim,Chorh Chuan Tan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1687
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 019881013X
ISBN 13: 9780198810131
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health Book Review:

Sixth edition of the hugely successful, internationally recognised textbook on global public health and epidemiology comprehensively covering the scope, methods, and practice of the discipline.