Plant Nematode Biopesticides

Plant Nematode Biopesticides
Author: Anwar L. Bilgrami,Anish Khan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2022-05-27
ISBN 10: 0128229977
ISBN 13: 9780128229972
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Nematode Biopesticides Book Review:

Plant Nematode Biopesticides presents the most current knowledge on various categories of biopesticides used in the management of nematode pests of crops or those that have significant potential as biological control agents. This book presents an exploratory and investigatory compilation and explanation of the actions and potentials of predatory nematodes, microbial agents, plant and other organic products, nanobiopesticides, and predatory invertebrates as biopesticides of nematode pests of agricultural crops. It is of unique importance and value as the only currently available single-volume resource focusing on plant parasitic nematodes as the pests and biopesticides. In addition, the book addresses common reservations in using biopesticides, either alone or in integrated pest management programs, providing advanced insights on various biopesticidal agents and products. Biopesticides may be microbial (nematodes, bacteria, fungi, virus, herbs etc.), plant-incorporated protectants (PIPs), plant products (citronella oil, neem oil, capsaicin, pyrethrin etc.), synthetic biochemical molecules, pheromones, semio-chemicals, plant extracts, or nanobiopesticides. Includes emerging areas of nanobiopesticides, chemical aspects of biopesticides and plant exudates Presents strategies for researching nematodal biological control Addresses problems related to the mass production, manufacture and formation of biopesticides from both animal and plant products

Biofertilizers and Biopesticides in Sustainable Agriculture

Biofertilizers and Biopesticides in Sustainable Agriculture
Author: B. D. Kaushik,Deepak Kumar,Md. Shamim
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN 10: 0429607733
ISBN 13: 9780429607738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofertilizers and Biopesticides in Sustainable Agriculture Book Review:

This new volume, Biofertilizers and Biopesticides in Sustainable Agriculture, presents strategies for the management of soil and crop diseases. Microbes have attracted worldwide attention due to their role in disease management and remediation of polluted soils. Taking a sustainable approach, this book explores the means of integrating various microbial management approaches to achieve the desired levels of crop yield under both conventional soils and neglected soils through the use of biopesticides and other botanicals as well as biomolecules. This book also presents a broad and updated view of molecular nitrogen fixation and phosphate-solubilizing and sulfur-transforming microbes for nutrition of crops in relation to the role of metal tolerant microbes in providing protection to plants grown in metal-contaminated soils. The preparation and application of biofertilizers, utilization of household waste materials, and use of genetically modified microorganisms (GMOs) in plant growth and development are also well discussed in the volume.

Biopesticides

Biopesticides
Author: Amitava Rakshit,Vijay Singh Meena,P.C. Abhilash,B.K. Sarma,H B Singh,Leonardo Fraceto,Manoj Parihar,Anand Kumar
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2021-11-17
ISBN 10: 0128236140
ISBN 13: 9780128236147
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopesticides Book Review:

Biopesticide: Volume Two, the latest release in the Advances in Bioinoculant series, provides an updated overview on the active substances utilized in current bioinsecticides, along with information on which of them can be used for integrated pest management programs in agro-ecosystems. The book presents a comprehensive look at the development of novel solutions against new targets, also introducing new technologies that enhance the efficacy of already available active substances. Finally, readers will find insights into the advanced molecular studies on insect microbial community diversity that are opening new frontiers in the development of innovative pest management strategies. This book will be valuable to those prioritizing agro biodiversity management to address optimal productizing and enhanced food security. Explores the increasing number of newly introduced and improved products that can be used alone or in rotation or combination with conventional chemicals Promotes the importance of, and tactics for, managing the agro ecosystem surrounding food security Provides state of the art description of various approaches and techniques for the real-world application of biopesticides

Biological Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition

Biological Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes  2nd Edition
Author: Graham R Stirling
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2014-05-14
ISBN 10: 1780644159
ISBN 13: 9781780644158
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes 2nd Edition Book Review:

Plant-parasitic nematodes are one of multiple causes of soil-related sub-optimal crop performance. This book integrates soil health and sustainable agriculture with nematode ecology and suppressive services provided by the soil food web to provide holistic solutions. Biological control is an important component of all nematode management programmes, and with a particular focus on integrated soil biology management, this book describes tools available to farmers to enhance the activity of natural enemies, and utilize soil biological processes to reduce losses from nematodes.

Advances in Plant Biopesticides

Advances in Plant Biopesticides
Author: Dwijendra Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2014-11-13
ISBN 10: 8132220064
ISBN 13: 9788132220060
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Plant Biopesticides Book Review:

The ‘Advances in Plant Biopesticides’ comprises 19 chapters on different important issues of developing biopesticides from promising botanicals and its phytomolecules based on the research reviews in the area concern. The book is written by reputed scientists and professors of both developed and developing countries namely Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Egypt, Greece, India, Kenya, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, and USA represented by almost 53 contributors. The book is organized and presented in such a form that the readers can acquire and enhance their knowledge in plant biopesticide bioresources, its application in different areas to manage pests and diseases of field crops, stored products with status of exploring in Africa, non-target effects on beneficial arthropods, control of arthropods of veterinary and vectors of communicable diseases, efficacy in controlling honeybee mite pests, prospect of applying new tools to enhance the efficacy of plant biopesticides through use of nanotechnology, most important plant derived active principle as source of biopesticides, possible mode of action of phytochemicals against arthropods, limitation, production status, consumption, formulation, registration and quality regulation of plant biopesticides and have been cited by important scientific references. Most importantly, the book also highlights a unique example for developing biopesticides based on the research on Annonaceae as potential source of plant biopesticide, exploiting phytochemicals for developing green technology for sustainable crop protection strategies to withstand climate change with example in Africa, and overview in developing insect resistance to plant biopesticides. Most of the chapter contributing authors are internationally reputed researchers and possess experiences of more than three to four decades in the area of plant biopesticides. The contributing and corresponding authors of the book - Advances in Plant Biopesticides proposed and identified by the editor (Dwijendra Singh) include distinguished professors and reputed scientists from different continents of the world namely MB Isman (Canada), Nadia Z Dimetry (Egypt), Zeaur R Khan (Kenya), John A Pickett (UK), Gadi VP Reddy (USA), S Gopalakrishnan (India), Anand Prakash (India), Chirantan Chattopadyay (India), Christos G Athanassiou (Greece), Philip C. Stevenson (UK), S Raguraman (India), S Ghosh (India), Mir S Mulla (USA), Apiwat Tawatsin (Thailand), Dwijendra Singh (India), K Sahayaraj (India), Suresh Walia (India), T Shivanandappa (India), Roman Pavela (Czeck Republic), Errol Hasan (Australia), Ayhan Gokce (Turkey), SK Raza (India), and their colleague co-contributors. This book would certainly provide the updated knowledge to global readers on plant biopesticides as one of the important reference source and would stimulate to present and future researchers, scientists, student, teachers, entrepreneurs, and government & non-government policy makers interested to develop new & novel environmentally safe plant biopesticides world over.

Biocontrol Agents of Phytonematodes

Biocontrol Agents of Phytonematodes
Author: Tarique Hassan Askary,P R P Martinelli
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2015-06-29
ISBN 10: 1780643756
ISBN 13: 9781780643755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocontrol Agents of Phytonematodes Book Review:

Highlighting the use of biocontrol agents as an alternative to chemical pesticides in the management of plant parasitic nematodes, this book reviews the current progress and developments in the field. Tactful and successful exploitation of each biocontrol agent, i.e. nematophagous fungi, parasitic bacteria, predaceous mites, rhizobacteria, mycorrhiza and predaceous nematodes, has been described separately. The contributors are 23 eminent nematologists and their information has been compiled in 19 chapters.

Perspectives in Sustainable Nematode Management Through Pochonia chlamydosporia Applications for Root and Rhizosphere Health

Perspectives in Sustainable Nematode Management Through Pochonia chlamydosporia Applications for Root and Rhizosphere Health
Author: Rosa H. Manzanilla-López,Luis V. Lopez-Llorca
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2017-10-07
ISBN 10: 3319592246
ISBN 13: 9783319592244
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives in Sustainable Nematode Management Through Pochonia chlamydosporia Applications for Root and Rhizosphere Health Book Review:

This volume reviews our current knowledge and novel research areas on Pochonia chlamydosporia, a cosmopolitan fungus occurring in soils as a saprophyte yet capable of colonizing the rhizosphere of crops as an endophyte and behaving as a parasite of eggs of plant-parasitic nematodes. The book is divided into six sections containing 18 chapters, starting with a historical background chapter, followed by 16 chapters, each contributed by experts, concerning those key aspects necessary to work with this biocontrol agent in a multidisciplinary treatise. Topics covered include systematics, biology, nematode-fungus interactions, nematode management strategies, secondary metabolites, and other methods including more novel research areas such as molecular, –omics, plant growth enhancement and endophytic abilities of P. chlamydosporia. The final chapter deals with the future perspectives of P. chlamydosporia research.

Allelochemicals Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases

Allelochemicals  Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases
Author: Inderjit,K.G. Mukerji
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2006-05-25
ISBN 10: 140204447X
ISBN 13: 9781402044472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Allelochemicals Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases Book Review:

Biological control of plant diseases and plant pathogens is of great significance in forestry and agriculture. This book, the first of its kind, is organized around the indication that allelochemicals can be employed for biological control of plant pathogens and plant diseases. This volume focuses on discovery and development of natural product based fungicides for agriculture, direct use of allelochemicals, and application of allelopathy in pest management.

Pine Wilt Disease

Pine Wilt Disease
Author: Bo Guang Zhao,Kazuyoshi Futai,Jack R. Sutherland,Yuko Takeuchi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 459
Release: 2008-09-27
ISBN 10: 4431756558
ISBN 13: 9784431756552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pine Wilt Disease Book Review:

Pine forests face a global threat of pine wilt disease, which is being spread by vector beetles carrying pathogenic nematodes from dead trees to healthy ones. Among the host pines there are varying degrees of susceptibility, and nematode strains also contain a variety of virulences, both of which factors help to determine whether infected host trees will die or survive. As well, biotic and abiotic environmental factors influence the fate of infected trees. This book describes the history of the disease, pathogenic nematodes, vector beetles, the etiology and ecology of the disease, microorganisms involved, and control methods that utilize host resistance and biological control agents. Concrete, comprehensive, and the most up-to-date knowledge about this worldwide forest epidemic is presented for readers, enabling them to understand the nature and epidemic threat of pine wilt disease.

Basic and Applied Aspects of Biopesticides

Basic and Applied Aspects of Biopesticides
Author: K. Sahayaraj
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN 10: 8132218779
ISBN 13: 9788132218777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic and Applied Aspects of Biopesticides Book Review:

Currently, the major challenge of humanity is focused on population growth through agricultural production in order to meet the demand for food. The food crunch is mainly due to pest and disease. Traditional methods, synthetic insecticides and microbicides cause health hazards to human beings, domestic animals and also affect our immediate environments. Serious concerns were implemented by both developing and developed countries as Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Bio-intensive Integrated Pest Management (BIPM) systems where biopesticides play an important role worldwide. The available books are limited to particular aspects of biopesticides. Hence, it is imperative to bring out a holistic documentation which will provide the reader information on all aspects of biopesticides. The book consists of five sections namely microbials, botanicals, natural enemies semio- chemicals and biotechnology and equipments, bioinformatics tools and IPM. In Section I, microbial deals with utilization of Bacillus in control of phytonematodes; biological control of pest and diseases with fluorescent pseudomonads, entomopathogenic fungus and entomopathogenic nematodes in pest management, microbial viral insecticides and microbial elicitors to induce immunity for plant disease control in chilli and tomato. Importance of plant essential oils, botanicals in endocrine disruption, relevance of botanicals and use of plant volatile on pest management has been discussed in Section II. Importance and role of reduviidae, weaver ants, ground beetles, Odonatas, spiders in biological control has been discussed in Section III. In addition, genetic improvement of biocontrol agents for sustainable pest management has also been highlighted. In Section IV, classical practices and pheromone, kairomonal enhancement to natural enemies and use of transgenic plants in insect control are highlighted. Equipment and their application methodologies for application of biopesticides; relevance of bioinformatics in biopesticides management; pest management of soybean, bio fouling and eco friendly antifoulants have been highlighted in Section V. Each chapter has objectives and conclusion along with recommendations.

Biopesticides in Horticultural Crops

Biopesticides in Horticultural Crops
Author: Rajeshwari R.,Vikram Appanna
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2021-11-18
ISBN 10: 1000486834
ISBN 13: 9781000486834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopesticides in Horticultural Crops Book Review:

This book is a compendium of information related to innovations, commercialization and registration of biopesticides, recent advances in mass production, formulation, extension of shelf life, delivery systems of antagonists and entomopathogens and synergistic and antagonistic response of biopesticides with agrochemicals. The information on all the important laboratory protocols and techniques in isolation, identification, selection, culturing, mass production, formulation, enhancement of shelf life and biosafety issues of bioinoculants used as biopesticides in horticulture crops have been included for the benefit of research scientists, teachers, research scholars and students working in the field of biopesticides. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes

Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: National Academies
Total Pages: 188
Release: 1968
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: NAP:14410
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Control of Plant parasitic Nematodes Book Review:

The Sensitivity of Pratylenchus Vulnus to Biosolarization

The Sensitivity of Pratylenchus Vulnus to Biosolarization
Author: Amy Parr
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9781085736282
ISBN 13: 1085736288
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sensitivity of Pratylenchus Vulnus to Biosolarization Book Review:

Phytoparasitic nematodes pose a significant risk to modern agricultural production. Currently, phytoparasitic nematodes are kept in check via the use of conventional chemical fumigants which in many cases are the only economically feasible method of control. Conventional chemical pesticides however are facing an array of regulatory and social pressures aimed at curbing and/or discontinuing their use. Among treatments that seek to replace fumigation while still retaining some of its familiar timing and soil tarping practices, solarization (S), anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD), and biosolarization (BS) have been investigated for their ability to control soil pests without employing broadly biocidal toxicants. S has long been utilized in various forms; however the current process of S involves soil saturation followed by tarping with a transparent tarp to allow for passive heating of the soil. ASD is implemented by amending the soil with labile organic material that may naturally contain biopesticides, saturating the soil, and then tarping with an opaque tarp in order to promote anaerobic conditions. BS is a combination of S and ASD where a compatible organic amendment is added, the soil saturated, and a transparent tarp used to allow for solar heating of the soil. All of these techniques have previously been proven to be effective in eradicating phytoparasitic nematodes and other agricultural pests including bacteria, fungi, and weed seeds. The purpose of this review is to discuss the impact of treatment process variables on the mechanisms of pest inactivation. Process variables discussed include soil amendment type, environmental conditions, and tarp type. Pest inactivation mechanisms are not yet fully understood, however a range of interdependent lethal pressures have been determined including: microbial activity, volatile compounds, biopesticides, oxygen depletion, temperature, metal ions, and pH. Biosolarization is a sustainable alternative to soil fumigation that can be used to inactivate plant parasitic nematodes such as Pratylenchus vulnus. When considering only the effect of the aqueous extracts of almond hull amended and biosolarized soils containing organic acids, P. vulnus can be inactivated with high enough rates of exposure. The threshold of inactivation of P. vulnus lies between a total acid concentration of 1553.5 mg/L and 776.7 mg/L mixed organic acids, or between 2.5% and 1.25% rates of amendment. Organic acids associated with the almond hull-amended soils and biosolarized soils include acetic, butyric, formic, isobutyric, lactic, propionic, and succinic acids. Of these acids, only formic (p = 0.0014) and propionic (p = 0.0229) acids along with the total acid concentration (p = 0.0048) are significant predictors of nematode inactivation. Field trials are an important step in the validation of new agricultural practices prior to commercial adoption. Previous laboratory-based studies have suggested that biosolarization can be an effective approach to the inactivation of plant parasitic nematodes. A field trial was conducted to test solarization and biosolarization utilizing worm castings (0.5% w/w, dry basis) and almond residue (Nonpareil hull-rich material or pollinator hull and shell mixture, 1.25% w/w, dry basis) amendments. The solarization and biosolarization treatments led to high-level root lesion nematode inactivation within 10 days of the 41 day treatment period with no recovery of root lesion nematode 202 days post treatment. Aqueous extracts of soil samples were assessed for organic acid content. The biosolarized soils uniquely exhibited low levels of organic acids. These acids were tested for nematicidal activity against Pratylenchus vulnus, a species of root lesion nematode, and the observed field concentrations did not translate to a significant enhancement of nematode inactivation. Organic acid mixtures were subsequently coupled with increased yet sub-lethal temperatures; however the combined sub-lethal stresses did not result in nematode inactivation. The results indicate that more research is needed to understand the interaction of organic acid and temperature stresses. Given that organic acid production may be an indicator of other fermentation-related stresses such as oxygen depletion, the interaction of sub-lethal organic acid levels with low oxygen levels warrants additional study. In turn, interactions between oxygen depletion and temperature stress should also be investigated for accelerating root lesion nematode inactivation. Billions of dollars’ worth of agricultural products is lost each year due to plant diseases caused by plant parasitic nematodes. Many of the current methods in use to combat plant parasitic nematodes are toxic to both the environment and humans. New sustainable and less harmful nematicides developed need to undergo considerable validation and toxicological testing prior to use. Current methods for toxicological testing of nematodes are severely out dated and are both time intensive as well as subjective. Recent advancements in the research methodologies have been centered almost exclusively on the model organism Cenaboritis elegans. Here, a method for a less subjective and time intensive toxicological screening of compounds nematicidal to plant parasitic nematodes was proposed and developed. Two dead stains, SYTOX green and propidium iodide, were evaluated as potential indicators of death in Pratylenchus vulnus, a plant parasitic nematode. Propidium iodide was found to be more effective at staining P. vulnus, and a protocol utilizing a fluorescent microscope the EVOS FL auto for the testing of acidic nematicides developed. Using this method, compounds can be evaluated for nematicidal activity in a 48 well plate, with the end point data being overlaid transmitted light and fluorescence images in which all of the nematodes can be visualized and the dead nematodes appear red. Automated image analysis was explored to further decrease the time intensive nature of the process; however more work is necessary to address the critical technical issues of nematode image analysis.

Biofertilizers

Biofertilizers
Author: Amitava Rakshit,Vijay Singh Meena,Manoj Parihar,H.B. Singh,A.K. Singh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2021-04-09
ISBN 10: 0128216670
ISBN 13: 9780128216675
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofertilizers Book Review:

Biofertilizers, Volume One: Advances in Bio-inoculants provides state-of-the-art descriptions of various approaches, techniques and basic fundamentals of BI used in crop fertilization practices. The book presents research within a relevant theoretical framework to improve our understanding of core issues as applied to natural resource management. Authored by renowned scientists actively working on bio-inoculant, biofertilizer and bio-stimulant sciences, the book addresses the scope of inexpensive and energy neutral bio-inoculant technologies and the impact regulation has on biofertilizer utilization. This book is a valuable reference for agricultural/environmental scientists in academic and corporate environments, graduate and post-graduate students, regulators and policymakers. Informs researchers on how to develop innovative products and technologies that increase crop yields and quality while decreasing agricultural carbon footprints Focuses on production, protocols and developments in the processing of bio-inoculants, bio-stimulants and bio-fertilizers Summarizes the biologically active compounds and examines current research areas

Lockhart and Wiseman s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland

Lockhart and Wiseman   s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland
Author: Steve Finch,Alison Samuel,Gerry P. Lane
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2002-06-05
ISBN 10: 1855736500
ISBN 13: 9781855736504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lockhart and Wiseman s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland Book Review:

First published in 1966, Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland has established itself as the standard crop husbandry text for students and practitioners alike. Radically revised and expanded, and with a new team of authors, the eighth edition confirms and extends its reputation. Part one looks at the basic conditions for crop growth with chapters on plant structure and growth, soil analysis and management, and the use of fertilisers and manures. There is also a new chapter on the influence of climate and weather. Part two surveys general aspects of crop husbandry. As well as a discussion of cropping techniques, there are new chapters on the important new areas of integrated crop management and organic crop husbandry, as well as discussion of seed selection and production. Part three then looks at how these general techniques are applied to particular crops, with chapters on cereals, root crops, fresh harvested crops, forage crops and combinable break crops. Part four considers the use of grassland with chapters on classification, sowing and management, grazing and conservation for winter feed. Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management and agri-business courses, and is a valuable practical reference for the farming industry. The eighth edition has been widely expanded and remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management and agri-business courses Includes new chapters on cropping techniques, integrated crop management and quality assurance, seed production and selection and the influence of climate Discusses basic conditions for crop growth, how techniques are applied to particular crops, the influence of weather and the use of grassland

Integrated Management and Biocontrol of Vegetable and Grain Crops Nematodes

Integrated Management and Biocontrol of Vegetable and Grain Crops Nematodes
Author: A. Ciancio,K.G. Mukerji
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2007-12-08
ISBN 10: 1402060637
ISBN 13: 9781402060632
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Management and Biocontrol of Vegetable and Grain Crops Nematodes Book Review:

The second volume of the IMPD series describes aspects related to the most important phytoparasitic nematodes, considering the integration of biological control methods with other management practices and technologies, including the use of predatory nematodes and microbial rhizosphere antagonists. A focus is given on regional issues. A review on nematode management in cotton is integrated by a chapter on management of nematodes on wheat. New technologies are also revised.

Natural Enemies

Natural Enemies
Author: Ann E. Hajek
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2004-02-12
ISBN 10: 9780521653855
ISBN 13: 0521653851
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Enemies Book Review:

Publisher Description

Pesticidal Plants

Pesticidal Plants
Author: Philip C. Stevenson,Steven R. Belmain,Murray B. Isman
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN 10: 3039287885
ISBN 13: 9783039287888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pesticidal Plants Book Review:

The global biodiversity and climate emergencies demand transformative changes to human activities. For example, food production relies on synthetic, industrial and non-sustainable products for managing pests, weeds and diseases of crops. Sustainable farming requires approaches to managing these agricultural constraints that are more environmentally benign and work with rather than against nature. Increasing pressure on synthetic products has reinvigorated efforts to identify alternative pest management options, including plant-based solutions that are environmentally benign and can be tailored to different farmers’ needs, from commercial to small holder and subsistence farming. Botanical insecticides and pesticidal plants can offer a novel, effective and more sustainable alternative to synthetic products for controlling pests, diseases and weeds. This Special Issue reviews and reports the latest developments in plant-based pesticides from identification of bioactive plant chemicals, mechanisms of activity and validation of their use in horticulture and disease vector control. Other work reports applications in rice weeds, combination biopesticides and how chemistry varies spatially and influences the effectiveness of botanicals in different locations. Three reviews assess wider questions around the potential of plant-based pest management to address the global challenges of new, invasive and established crop pests and as-yet underexploited pesticidal plants.

Nematode Trapping Fungi

Nematode Trapping Fungi
Author: Ke-Qin Zhang,Kevin D. Hyde
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-04-22
ISBN 10: 9401787301
ISBN 13: 9789401787307
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nematode Trapping Fungi Book Review:

These chapters provide up-to-date information on nematophagous fungi, particularly those of the Orbiliaceae in Ascomycota, whose asexual states produce nematode-trapping devices. The authors consider fungal-nematode interactions, fossil fungi, the biodiversity, ecology and geographical distribution of nematode-trapping fungi, and their potential use in biocontrol of nematodes, all in detail. Nematode-trapping fungi with adhesive or mechanical hyphal traps are the main focus of this book which begins with an overview of the data on nematode-trapping fungi, including their taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution. Subsequent chapters expand upon the methods and techniques used to study these fascinating fungi. Keys for genera of Arthrobotrys, Drechslerella and Dactylellina, which include all reported species of predatory orbiliaceous fungi are presented and numerous species from these genera are morphologically described and illustrated. The ecology of nematode-trapping fungi is expertly presented: their occurrence and habitats, their geographical and seasonal distribution and the effects of soil conditions and nematode density on their distribution all feature amongst the relevant themes. Further chapters examine the use of nematode-trapping fungi in biological control and the authors consider nematicidal activities in detail, exploring the many compounds from fungi that feature in nematicidal activities and of course useful paths for further study on this topic. This is a highly informative and carefully presented book, providing scientific insight for scholars with an interest in fungi and in biological control of nematodes.

Nematode Management in Plants

Nematode Management in Plants
Author: P.C. Trivedi
Publsiher: Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2003-07-01
ISBN 10: 9387741702
ISBN 13: 9789387741706
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nematode Management in Plants Book Review:

Nematodes represent a unique challenge to agricultural research, in that they combine the potential for serious reductions in growth and yield in a wide range of crop plants, often with rather non﷓specific and easily mis﷓diagnosed symptoms. Development of the concept of pest management and their implementation have led to a greater appreciation of the need for a wide range of tactics for nematode control. The present book ``Nematode Management in Plants'' provides an authoritative review of many aspects of nematode control and progress in the field of nematode management programme. The volume contains eighteen articles covering application of cropping sequences, plant products and botanicals, latex, bioagents and biological control practices for the management of nematode pests. Topics covering use of Azotobacter, Bacillus thuringiensis and VAM Fungi for reducing nematode pests have been specially included to project their role in the present century. Information on Integrated Nematode Management have been included with special emphasis on biocontrol management practices. This book will be useful to Plant Pathologist, Nematologist, research and extension workers, teachers and students.