Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Jane E. Buikstra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 858
Release: 2019-01-29
ISBN 10: 0128099011
ISBN 13: 9780128099018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Donald J. Ortner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 645
Release: 2003-01-10
ISBN 10: 9780080525631
ISBN 13: 0080525636
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Donald J. Ortner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2003-01-06
ISBN 10: 9780125286282
ISBN 13: 0125286287
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Identicication of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive overview of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. The primary objective is to assist those who conduct research on archeological skeletal remains in interpreting abnormal conditions that they might encounter in the course of their research. However, there is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. The medical historian will find information on the antiquity and early geographical distribution of many diseases. All of the major categories of disease that affect bone are reviewed on the basis of the literature on the radiology and pathology of these diseases. This review is followed by a discussion of the literature on the paleopathological cases thought to represent each of the morbid categories affecting bone. This book is based on extensive individual and collaborative research by the author and contributing authors on the known parameters of basic calcified tissue biology and modern skeletal diseases and their expression in antiquity. The monograph provides essential text and illustrative materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features * Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Paleopathology of Children

Paleopathology of Children
Author: Mary Lewis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-07-26
ISBN 10: 0124104398
ISBN 13: 9780124104396
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paleopathology of Children Book Review:

Palaeopathology of Children: Identification of Pathological Conditions in the Human Skeletal Remains of Non-Adults provides archaeological examples of pathological child remains with varying degrees of disease manifestation, and where possible, presents illustrations of individually affected bones to help with identification. The structure and inclusion of photographs and summary diagnostic tables make this suitable for use as a textbook. Each chapter includes a table of international archaeological cases collated by the author from published and unpublished literature. Child skeletal remains come in a variety of different sizes, with bones appearing and fusing at different times during growth. Identifying pathology in such unfamiliar bones can be a challenge, and we often rely on photographs of clinical radiographs or intact anatomical specimens to try and interpret the lesions we see in archaeological material. These are usually the most extreme examples of the disease, and do not account for the wide degree of variation we may see in skeletal remains. Provides a comprehensive review of the types of pathological conditions identified in non-adult skeletal remains Contains chapters that tackle a particular disease classification Features for each condition are described and illustrated to aid in the identification

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains
Author: Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2008-02-23
ISBN 10: 1597453161
ISBN 13: 9781597453165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Book Review:

Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Advances in Human Palaeopathology

Advances in Human Palaeopathology
Author: Ron Pinhasi,Simon Mays
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2008-02-28
ISBN 10: 047072417X
ISBN 13: 9780470724170
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Human Palaeopathology Book Review:

This volume presents a truly integrated methodological and biocultural approach to the expanding discipline of human palaeopathology. The book provides researchers and practitioners with a comprehensive guide to the main methods and techniques that are currently available for studying diseases and related conditions from human skeletal remains. It also describes the ways in which these methods can be applied to the reconstruction of health and disease in the past. The first part of the book deals with the survival of palaeopathological evidence and provides an up-to-date account of some of the latest techniques for studying disease in ancient remains. These include imaging techniques, such as radiography and CT scanning, and biochemical and histological analyses. Part two discusses the diagnosis and interpretation of particular classes of disease. The emphasis here is on what can be learnt by taking a biocultural or holistic approach to the study of disease frequencies at a population level. Combines theoretical, methodological and diagnostic aspects with key biocultural approaches. Includes overviews of the latest applicable techniques from molecular biology, biochemistry, histopathology and medical imaging. Written by an international team of experts. This book is an invaluable resource for biological anthropologists and archaeologists who study health and disease in past populations. It is also of interest to medical researchers dealing with epidemiological, diagnostic and pathophysiological aspects of diseases, who need a perspective upon the ways in which particular diseases affected earlier generations. Praise from the reviews: “... This book offers an impressive amount of information for both students and more advanced researchers. Its value lies in the vast expertise the contributors have to offer, with all of them being experts with long-standing careers in their respective fields, as well as the geographical distribution of examples that are given to illustrate specific diseases... outstanding and it truly is an important resource for anyone interested in palaeopathology.” PALEOPATHOLOGY NEWSLETTER “The strengths of the book are numerous, but I am especially impressed with the clarity of presentation... I strongly recommend the book, and plan on using it in my classes as assigned reading to emphasize the very complex nature of diagnosis and its essential role of providing baseline information for interpreting health profiles of ancient populations.” THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY “It may be asked if we really need yet another book on paleopathology, especially because there are many acclaimed sources available. In this case, the answer must be a resounding ‘‘Yes!’’...Visually and textually, this volume is of exceptional value for guiding future generations of paleopathologists.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY "Pinhasi and Mays have produced an excellent, balanced compilation that reflects what is currently happening in paleopathology research and that nicely addresses paleopathology as both discipline and tool, highlighting technical advanced and schooling us on how disease manifests in the human skeleton. This is valuable resource that students and professionals interested in human paloepathology should consider adding to their libraries." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Donald J. Ortner,Walter G. J. Putschar
Publsiher: Smithsonian Books (DC)
Total Pages: 534
Release: 1985
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: IND:39000000268768
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton

Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton
Author: Ethne Barnes
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-09-25
ISBN 10: 1118430778
ISBN 13: 9781118430774
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton Book Review:

Written by one of the most consulted authorities on the subject, Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton is the pre-eminent resource for developmental defects of the skeleton. This guide focuses on localized bone structures utilizing the morphogenetic approach that addresses the origins of variability within specific developmental fields during embryonic development. Drawings and photographs make up most of the text, forming a picture atlas with descriptive text for each group of illustrations. Each section and subdivision is accompanied by brief discussions and drawings of morphogenetic development.

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2014-12-13
ISBN 10: 1439815755
ISBN 13: 9781439815755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Donald J. Ortner
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9780598170279
ISBN 13: 0598170278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

PHOTOGRAPHIC REGIONAL ATLAS OF BONE DISEASE

PHOTOGRAPHIC REGIONAL ATLAS OF BONE DISEASE
Author: Robert W. Mann,David R. Hunt
Publsiher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2013-02-01
ISBN 10: 0398088276
ISBN 13: 9780398088279
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PHOTOGRAPHIC REGIONAL ATLAS OF BONE DISEASE Book Review:

The Photographic Regional Atlas of Bone Disease is intended to serve the needs of a diverse audience including paleopathologists, physical anthropologists and other anthropologists, police, crime scene technicians, medical examiners, radiologists, anatomists, and other medical specialists, regardless of training or experience. Although originally written as a manual for physical anthropologists, it has become a reference for anyone examining skeletal remains or dealing with bone disease, especially in dry-bone specimens. Over the years it has gained in popularity as one of the few “required” manuals in most skeletal laboratories throughout the U.S. and, in fact, many countries. The purpose of the book is to bridge the gap between clinical medicine, radiology and physical anthropology by providing researchers with a single source and photographic atlas of what they might encounter in one bone or an entire skeletal collection, regardless of antiquity or origin. Unlike most texts written by clinicians for clinicians, or those that focus on one specialty, the Regional Atlas was compiled by biological anthropologists using a “dry bones” approach and simple yet precise terminology, based on examination of nearly 10,000 skeletons. The authors’ expertise and diversity in anatomy, radiology, pathology and human variation provide them with a unique perspective for distinguishing normal variation from pathological conditions. The book was written as a basic stand-alone reference for bone disease and normal variation. It contains black and white photographs and an extensive use of color plates depicting a variety of disease conditions and stages of progression that one might expect to encounter in one or many skeletons. The purpose of this text is to provide readers with sufficient information on bone disease and human variation for them to recognize, describe and interpret them. Once they have identified a disease, normal variant or other condition, they can turn to the bibliography for references and additional information. The Regional Atlas is intended to provide readers with enough information to do their own skeletal analysis. It is this “dry bones” approach, combined with the vast experiences of the authors, vivid photos and simple terminology, that sets the Regional Atlas apart from all others.

The Global History of Paleopathology

The Global History of Paleopathology
Author: Jane E. Buikstra,Charlotte Roberts
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2012-06-07
ISBN 10: 0195389808
ISBN 13: 9780195389807
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global History of Paleopathology Book Review:

The first comprehensive global history of the discipline of paleopathology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology
Author: Dennis Dirkmaat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2015-04-20
ISBN 10: 1118959795
ISBN 13: 9781118959794
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology Book Review:

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

IDENTIFICATION AND INTERPRETATION OF JOINT DISEASE IN PALEOPATHOLOGY AND FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY

IDENTIFICATION AND INTERPRETATION OF JOINT DISEASE IN PALEOPATHOLOGY AND FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY
Author: Nicole M. Burt,Dyan Semple,Kathryn Waterhouse,Nancy C. Lovell
Publsiher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2013-09-01
ISBN 10: 0398087598
ISBN 13: 9780398087593
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

IDENTIFICATION AND INTERPRETATION OF JOINT DISEASE IN PALEOPATHOLOGY AND FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY Book Review:

The goals of this guide to the identification and interpretation of joint disease are: (1) to identify the diagnostic criteria that are relevant to investigations of joint disease in dry and macerated bone specimens; (2) to differentiate between various disease forms; and (3) to highlight contentious issues, such as the antiquity of rheumatoid arthritis and the implications of the prevalence and severity of joint disease for reconstructing the behaviors of past peoples. The text advocates the use of unambiguous terminology and hence discusses descriptive terms and illustrates how the use of colloquial or otherwise inappropriate terms can lead to errors of interpretation. Joint disease causes proliferative and/or erosive bony lesions that preferentially, but not exclusively, affect the synovial joints of the body and this manual emphasizes those diseases. The major sections of the book review the pathogenesis, disease process, anatomical distribution, and diagnosis of osteoarthritis; multi-focal erosive arthropathies (i.e., rheumatoid arthritis and the seronegative arthropathies); the less common diseases of synovial joints, including gout, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and septic arthritis; and conditions affecting the non-synovial joints of the spine such as spinal osteophytosis, degenerative disc disease, Schmorl’s nodes, and the seronegative spondyloarthropathies. The text is greatly enhanced by exceptional illustrations and a glossary of terms completes the book.

A Companion to Paleopathology

A Companion to Paleopathology
Author: Anne L. Grauer
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2016-01-19
ISBN 10: 1119111633
ISBN 13: 9781119111634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Paleopathology Book Review:

A Companion to Paleopathology offers a comprehensive overview of this rapidly growing sub- field of physical anthropology. Presents a broad overview of the field of paleopathology, integrating theoretical and methodological approaches to understand biological and disease processes throughout human history Demonstrates how paleopathology sheds light on the past through the analysis of human and non-human skeletal materials, mummified remains and preserved tissue Integrates scientific advances in multiple fields that contribute to the understanding of ancient and historic diseases, such as epidemiology, histology, radiology, parasitology, dentistry, and molecular biology, as well as archaeological, archival and historical research. Highlights cultural processes that have an impact on the evolution of illness, death and dying in human populations, including subsistence strategies, human environmental adaptations, the effects of malnutrition, differential access to resources, and interpersonal and intercultural violence

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity
Author: Jeremy Rich,Dorothy E. Dean,Robert H. Powers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2007-10-28
ISBN 10: 1592598978
ISBN 13: 9781592598977
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity Book Review:

Publius Syrus stated back in 42 B.C., “You cannot put the same shoe on every foot.” (Maxim 596) Though written long before the advent of forensic science, Syrus’ maxim summarizes the theme of Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot. Put simply, the lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region. This variation is beneficial to forensic experts. Differences in the leg and foot can be used to establish individual identity. Analysis of damage to the lower limb can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. As a forensic anthropologist, I analyze cases involving decomposed, burned, m- mified, mutilated, and skeletal remains. Many of the corpses I examine are incomplete. Occasionally, I receive nothing but the legs and feet; a lower torso dragged from a river; a foot recovered in a city park; dismembered drug dealers in plastic bags; victims of bombings and airline disasters; and the dead commingled in common graves. Though the leg and foot contain much that is useful in forensic analysis, before this publication, investigators faced a twofold problem. Little research that focused on the lower extremity was available in the literature, and the existing research was published in diverse sources, making its location and synthesis a daunting task.

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton
Author: Alexandra R. Klales
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2020-05-30
ISBN 10: 0128157682
ISBN 13: 9780128157688
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book Review:

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Oxford Textbook of Osteoarthritis and Crystal Arthropathy Third Edition

Oxford Textbook of Osteoarthritis and Crystal Arthropathy  Third Edition
Author: Michael Doherty,Hans Bijlsma,Nigel Arden,Nicola Dalbeth
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-10-06
ISBN 10: 0199668841
ISBN 13: 9780199668847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Textbook of Osteoarthritis and Crystal Arthropathy Third Edition Book Review:

Now extensively revised and in its third edition, this Oxford Textbook is the definitive guide to the most common forms of arthritis. A practical resource for clinicians working with forms of crystal associated arthritis, it provides comprehensive guidance on how to assess, diagnose and optimally manage patients with these conditions

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology
Author: Clark Spencer Larsen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 657
Release: 2015-03-30
ISBN 10: 052183869X
ISBN 13: 9780521838696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioarchaeology Book Review:

A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

BROKEN BONES

BROKEN BONES
Author: Vicki L. Wedel,Alison Galloway
Publsiher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2013-01-01
ISBN 10: 0398087695
ISBN 13: 9780398087692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BROKEN BONES Book Review:

The editors, along with 15 outstanding contributors, comprehensively explore and provide an overview of the principles behind the interpretation of skeletal blunt force trauma. This expanded second edition provides a discussion on how to train for a career in forensic anthropology and offers guidance on how to complete a thorough trauma analysis. It also provides the labels given to different kinds of fractures and the biomechanical forces required to cause bone to fail and fracture. The text provides a theoretical framework for both evaluating published trauma studies and designing new ones. Experimental trauma research is an area ripe for research, and criteria to consider in choosing which non-human species to use in an actualistic study are offered. Common circumstances in which blunt force trauma is encountered are described. Information is provided on a variety of causes of death due to blunt force trauma. These causes range from accidental deaths to homicides due to blunt force from motor vehicle accidents, falls, strangulation, child and elder abuse, among others. Epidemiological information on whom is most likely affected by these various kinds of blunt force trauma is drawn from both the clinical and forensic literature. The most fundamental elements of the text are offered in four chapters where, bone by bone, fracture by fracture, the authors describe what to call each kind of fracture, what is known about how much force is required to break the bone that way, and fracture specific epidemiological information. This particular section of the text provides an invaluable reference source for forensic anthropologists and other osteologists to consult when looking at and trying to classify a bone fracture. Case studies are included to bring the book full circle back to considering the micro and macro bone changes that are seen when bone fails and fractures. The case studies are illustrative both of the concepts described through the book and of the high quality analyses forensic anthropologists contribute to medicolegal investigations of death every day. The text is further enhanced by 150 illustrations, some in color. This completely updated and expanded new volume is an essential reference for the forensic anthropology professional.