Optimally Irrational

Optimally Irrational
Author: Lionel Page
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2021-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780128144794
ISBN 13: 0128144793
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optimally Irrational Book Review:

Optimally Irrational: The Hidden Benefits of Bad Instincts provides economists, social scientists and researchers in behavioral economics with a clear view of the frontier of research in economics and other behavioral sciences, including how the different biases unveiled by behavioral economics make sense when we try to optimize problems. The book evaluates the role of bias in human economic behavior, considers the human decision-making processes as the product of natural selection, and explores why we behave the way we do. Discusses how we think about, and adopt, apparently irrational behaviors and biases in empirical research Explains how biases may be adaptive solutions to well-posed optimization problems under constraints Unites advances in behavioral economics with those from other behavioral sciences and evolutionary biology

Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality
Author: Sarah Stroud,Christine Tappolet
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2003-09-04
ISBN 10: 0199257361
ISBN 13: 9780199257362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality Book Review:

Among the many practical failures that threaten us, weakness of will or akrasia is often considered to be a paradigm of irrationality. The eleven new essays in this collection, written by an excellent international team of philosophers, some well-established, some younger scholars, give a rich overview of the current debate over weakness of will and practical irrationality more generally.Issues covered include classical questions such as the distinction between weakness and compulsion, the connection between evaluative judgement and motivation, the role of emotions in akrasia, rational agency, and the existence of the will. The also include new topics, such as group akrasia, strength of will, the nature of correct choice, the structure of decision theory, the temporality of prudential reasons, and emotional rationality. Because these questions cut across philosophy of mind andethics, the collection will be essential reading for scholars, postgraduates, and upper-level undergraduates in both these fields.

Resources in Education

Resources in Education
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:30000007201381
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resources in Education Book Review:

Hatred

Hatred
Author: Berit Brogaard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 0190084448
ISBN 13: 9780190084448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hatred Book Review:

"Hatred: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion The first in-depth philosophical analysis of personal hate and group hate, Hate: Understanding Our Most Dangerous Emotion explores how personal hatred can foster domestic violence and emotional abuse, how hate-proneness is a main contributor to the aggressive tendencies of borderlines, narcissists and psychopaths, how seemingly ordinary people embark on some of history's worst hate crimes, and how cohesive groups, subjected to spontaneous forces of group polarization, can develop extremist viewpoints of the sort that motivate hate crimes, mass shootings, and terrorism. The book's first part explores hate in intimate relationships, looking for an answer to the question of why our intimate relationships can survive hate and resentment, but not disrespect or contempt. Berit "Brit" Brogaard shows that where contempt creates an irreparable power imbalance, hate is tied to fear, which our brains may reinterpret as thrill, attraction and excitement. But this can also make hate a dangerous emotion that convinces people to hang onto abusive relationships. When tied to vengeance and the dark triad of personality, hate is not only dangerous but also dehumanizing. Vengeance and the dark personalities are not essential to hate, however. Without them, hate can have more admirable ends. The book's second part explores the polarizing forces that can bias cohesive groups of like-minded individuals and contribute to what is effectively a hate crisis. Drawing on history, politics, legal theory, philosophy, and psychology, Brogaard shows how cultural myths about femininity, ethnic groups, and the land of opportunity perpetuate misogyny, white supremacy and anti-Semitism. But, she argues, politicians and policymakers have it in their power to address the hate crisis through legislation that preserves the original incentive behind the first-amendment right to free speech"--

On Rationality Artificial Intelligence And Economics

On Rationality  Artificial Intelligence And Economics
Author: Daniel Muller,Fernando Buarque,Tshilidzi Marwala
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2022-03-09
ISBN 10: 981125513X
ISBN 13: 9789811255137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On Rationality Artificial Intelligence And Economics Book Review:

The world we live in presents plenty of tricky, impactful, and hard-tomake decisions to be taken. Sometimes the available options are ample, at other times they are apparently binary, either way, they often confront us with dilemmas, paradoxes, and even denial of values.In the dawn of the age of intelligence, when robots are gradually taking over most decision-making from humans, this book sheds a bit of light on decision rationale. It delves into the limits of these decision processes (for both humans and machines), and it does so by providing a new perspective that is somehow opposed to orthodox economics. All Economics reflections in this book are underlined and linked to Artificial Intelligence.The authors hope that this comprehensive and modern analysis, firmly grounded in the opinions of various groundbreaking Nobel laureate economists, may be helpful to a broad audience interested in how decisions may lead us all to flourishing societies. That is, societies in which economic blunders (caused by over simplification of problems and super estimation of tools) are reduced substantially.

Fuzzy Rationality

Fuzzy Rationality
Author: Kofi Kissi Dompere
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2009-07-22
ISBN 10: 3540880836
ISBN 13: 9783540880837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuzzy Rationality Book Review:

Philosophy involves a criticism of scientific knowledge, not from a point of view ultimately different from that of science, but from a point of view less concerned with details and more concerned with the h- mony of the body of special sciences. Here as elsewhere, while the older logic shut out possibilities and imprisoned imagination within the walls of the familiar, the newer logic shows rather what may happen, and refuses to decide as to what must happen. Bertrand Russell At any particular stage in the development of humanity knowledge comes up against limits set by the necessarily limited character of the experience available and the existing means of obtaining knowledge. But humanity advances by overcoming such limits. New experience throws down the limits of old experience; new techniques, new means of obtaining knowledge throw down the limits of old techniques and old means of obtaining knowledge. New limits then once again appear. But there is no more reason to suppose these new limits absolute and final than there was to suppose the old ones absolute and final.

The Future of the Philosophy of Economics

The Future of the Philosophy of Economics
Author: Constanze Binder,Conrad Heilmann,Jack J Vromen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2018-04-19
ISBN 10: 1315462036
ISBN 13: 9781315462035
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of the Philosophy of Economics Book Review:

Originating from the International Network for Economic Method conference, hosted by the Erasmus Institute for Economics and Philosophy (EIPE) at the Erasmus University Rotterdam in 2013, this book chooses key themes that reflect on fascinating new developments in the philosophy of economics. Contributions discuss new avenues and debates in important and upcoming areas, such as the philosophy of economic policy making, decision theory, ethics, and new questions in economic methodology. The book offers an excellent insight into cutting edge research in these fields that are about to shape the future of the philosophy of economics. This book was originally published as a special issue of The Journal of Economic Methodology.

Organizing Railway Transportation

Organizing Railway Transportation
Author: China. Tie dao bu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 469
Release: 1965
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015012068352
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organizing Railway Transportation Book Review:

Social Norms Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts

Social Norms  Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts
Author: Suren Basov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2016-05-20
ISBN 10: 9811010412
ISBN 13: 9789811010415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Norms Bounded Rationality and Optimal Contracts Book Review:

This book investigates the ways in which social norms and bounded rationality shape different contracts in the real world. It brings into focus existing research into optimal contracts, draws important lessons from that research, and outlines prospects for future investigation. Bounded rationality has acknowledged effects on the power of incentive provisions, such as deviations from sufficient statistic theorem, the power of optimal incentives, and the effects of optimal contracts in multicultural environments. The introduction of social norms to bounded rationality opens up new avenues of investigation into contracts and mechanism design. This book makes an important contribution to the study of bounded rationality by pulling together many separate strands of research in the area of mechanism design, and providing detailed analysis of the impact of societal values on contracts.

The Straight Line

The Straight Line
Author: Tom Waidzunas
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2015-11-20
ISBN 10: 1452945527
ISBN 13: 9781452945521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Straight Line Book Review:

To be taken seriously, therapies that claim to “cure” homosexuality wrap themselves in lab coats. Even though the fit is bad, and such therapies and their theorists now inhabit the scientific fringe, the science of sexuality has made some adjustments, too, Tom Waidzunas tells us in this provocative work. Intervening in the politics of sexuality and science, The Straight Line argues that scientific definitions of sexual orientation do not merely reflect the results of investigations into human nature, but rather emerge through a process of social negotiation between opposing groups. The demedicalization of homosexuality and the discrediting of reparative therapies, ex-gay ministries, and reorientation research have, Waidzunas contends, required scientists to enforce key boundaries around scientific expertise and research methods. Drawing on extensive participant observation at conferences for ex-gays, reorientation therapists, mainstream psychologists, and survivors of ex-gay therapy, as well as interviews with experts and activists, The Straight Line traces reorientation debates in the United States from the 1950s to the present, following homosexuality therapies from the mainstream to the margins. As the ex-gay movement has become increasingly transnational in recent years, Waidzunas turns to Uganda, where ideas about the scientific nature of homosexuality influenced the passage of the Anti-Homosexuality Act of 2014. While most studies treat the ex-gay movement as a religious phenomenon, this book looks at how the movement, in its attempts to establish legitimacy, has engaged with scientific institutions, shaping virulent anti-gay public policy.

The ADD Myth

The ADD Myth
Author: Martha Burge
Publsiher: Mango Media Inc.
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-09-01
ISBN 10: 1609256395
ISBN 13: 9781609256395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The ADD Myth Book Review:

An Alternative Approach to Addressing ADD Despite the millions of people taking medication for attention deficit disorders, there remains no objective method of diagnosis for ADHD. In The ADD Myth, Martha Burge proposes a different understanding and solution for those diagnosed. ADD isn’t what we think it is. Author and ADHD coach Martha Burge introduces a different way of looking at the disorder often associated with boredom and impulsivity in young people. She argues that what is commonly understood as ADHD is actually five intense personality traits: sensual, psychomotor, intellectual, creative, and emotional. Once the supposed ADD symptoms are properly understood for what they are, people with these intense personality traits can develop them into gifts. Finding an alternative solution. After having two sons diagnosed with ADHD, and witnessing their serious reaction to drug treatments, Martha began a search for a different approach and a more natural treatment for ADHD. By looking at all personalities as part of the neurodiversity spectrum, she shows us how we can see where those with “intense” personality traits fit on the spectrum. Once we understand that, we are better able to help people embrace their traits and develop one’s intense nature rather than try to stifle it. This book will change the way you look at ADD for the better—open it up and learn more about: The five intense personality traits and how they apply to individuals diagnosed with ADHD Why the medical profession should seek alternative explanations for ADHD Stories, practical steps, and daily practices for developing one's intense nature with the least amount of suffering Readers of books such as Driven to Distraction, Healing ADD, Delivered from Distraction, or ADHD: Non-Medication Treatments and Skills for Children and Teens will enjoy The ADD Myth.

Interactions in the Classroom

Interactions in the Classroom
Author: Jeffrey W. Trawick-Smith
Publsiher: Prentice Hall
Total Pages: 383
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X002423785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interactions in the Classroom Book Review:

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking
Author: Rupert Wegerif,Li Li,James C. Kaufman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2015-05-22
ISBN 10: 1317752309
ISBN 13: 9781317752301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking Book Review:

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking is a comprehensive guide to research on teaching thinking. Teaching thinking is key to growing a more successful economy, is needed for increased democratic engagement and is vital for the well-being of individuals faced with the complexity of a globalised world. However, there are questions about what we mean by ‘thinking’, how best to teach it and how best to assess it, and it is these questions that this handbook explores and addresses. Containing surveys and summaries of international, cutting-edge research on every aspect of teaching thinking in a range of contexts, the handbook is thorough in its delivery, examining many different approaches and methods to help readers understand what teaching thinking is and how we can best take this movement forward. Key topics include: • Theoretical perspectives on teaching thinking • Approaches for teaching thinking • Developing creative thinking • Developing critical thinking and metacognition • The assessment of thinking • Teaching thinking in the context of STEM • Collaborative thinking and new technology • Neuro-educational research on teaching thinking This book is an essential guide for policy-makers, teachers and researchers who are interested in teaching thinking

Behavioural Sports Economics

Behavioural Sports Economics
Author: Hannah Josepha Rachel Altman,Morris Altman,Benno Torgler
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-12-20
ISBN 10: 1000522695
ISBN 13: 9781000522693
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural Sports Economics Book Review:

Economists have entered into the realm of sports to provide what they believe to be more cogent explanations for sport-related behaviour and to suggest ways in which incentives can improve sports outcomes. But prices and income, the traditional workhorses of conventional economics, can only provide partial explanations and understandings. Drawing on a bounded rationality approach to behavioural economics, this book demonstrates the analytical insights to be gained by supplementing the conventional economics toolbox with psychological, cognitive, sociological, and institutional factors. The international cast list of contributors cover a wide range of sports topics on which a behavioural approach can reveal new insights. These include preferences, managerial, efficiency, choking, doping, favouritism, athlete well- being, and spectator behaviour. Throughout the book, there is an emphasis on the cognitive limits to smart decision-making as well as the critical role played by the decision-making environment. This volume demonstrates that adopting a bounded rationality approach, complimented with other behaviouralist approaches, helps to better explain sport-related behavioural, sub-optimal behavioural, and market failures. It also provides insights that could be used to improve sports outcomes and the well-being of those involved in sports and to better configure policy to enhance sports performance. This groundbreaking book will be an indispensable reference to students and scholars of sports economics, sports management, and sports science.

Foundational Principles of Contract Law

Foundational Principles of Contract Law
Author: Melvin A. Eisenberg
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2018-09-20
ISBN 10: 0199875677
ISBN 13: 9780199875672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundational Principles of Contract Law Book Review:

Foundational Principles of Contract Law not only sets out the principles and rules of contract law, it places more emphasis on what the principles and rules of contract law should be, based on policy, morality, and experience. A major premise of the book is that the best way to grasp contract law is to understand it from a critical perspective as an organic, dynamic subject. When contract law is approached in this way it is much easier to grasp and learn than when it is presented simply as a static collection of principles and rules. Professor Eisenberg covers almost all areas of contract law, including the enforceability of promises, remedies for breach of contract, problems of assent, form contracts, the effect of mistake and changed circumstances, interpretation, and problems of performance. Although the emphasis of the book is on the principles and rules of contract law, it also covers important theories in contract law, such as the theory of efficient breach, the theory of overreliance, the normative theory of contracts, formalism, and theories of contract interpretation.

Behavioural Finance for Private Banking

Behavioural Finance for Private Banking
Author: Thorsten Hens,Kremena Bachmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2011-07-05
ISBN 10: 0470742070
ISBN 13: 9780470742075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioural Finance for Private Banking Book Review:

A complete framework for applications of behavioral finance in private banking, Behavioural Finance for Private Banking considers client needs specific to private banking like personal circumstances, objectives, and attitude to risk. This book includes the theoretical foundations of investment decision-making, an introduction to behavioral biases, an explanation of cultural differences in global business, a guide to asset allocation over the life cycle of the investment, and several case studies to illustrate how can be applied. A must-read for anyone in private banking, this book demonstrates how to satisfy client needs.

Economy in Society

Economy in Society
Author: Jacek Tittenbrun
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 585
Release: 2011-07-12
ISBN 10: 1443832359
ISBN 13: 9781443832359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economy in Society Book Review:

This book offers an in-depth analysis of sociology, e.g. such classics as Weber, Parsons and Homans, and its adjacent social sciences with special reference to economics, including public choice theory, property rights theory, the Austrian school and others. This discussion submits many fresh observations; giving the theories under consideration their due, it at the same time exposes their flaws. In addition, the book contains a constructive programme of the research field in question, termed socio-economic structuralism, which involves many theoretical innovations, notions of ownership and class. This positive theory draws on, but is far from mimicking, achievements of the thinkers considered in the remaining parts of the book.

Graph Drawing and Network Visualization

Graph Drawing and Network Visualization
Author: Therese Biedl,Andreas Kerren
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 666
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 3030044149
ISBN 13: 9783030044145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Graph Drawing and Network Visualization Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization, GD 2018, held in Barcelona, Spain, in September 2018. The 41 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 85 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: planarity variants; upward drawings; RAC drawings; orders; crossings; crossing angles; contact representations; specialized graphs and trees; partially fixed drawings, experiments; orthogonal drawings; realizability; and miscellaneous. The book also contains one invited talk in full paper length and the Graph Drawing contest report.

The Rationality Quotient

The Rationality Quotient
Author: Keith E. Stanovich,Richard F. West,Maggie E. Toplak
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-09-30
ISBN 10: 0262034840
ISBN 13: 9780262034845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rationality Quotient Book Review:

How to assess critical aspects of cognitive functioning that are not measured by IQ tests: rational thinking skills. Why are we surprised when smart people act foolishly? Smart people do foolish things all the time. Misjudgments and bad decisions by highly educated bankers and money managers, for example, brought us the financial crisis of 2008. Smart people do foolish things because intelligence is not the same as the capacity for rational thinking. The Rationality Quotient explains that these two traits, often (and incorrectly) thought of as one, refer to different cognitive functions. The standard IQ test, the authors argue, doesn't measure any of the broad components of rationality—adaptive responding, good judgment, and good decision making. The authors show that rational thinking, like intelligence, is a measurable cognitive competence. Drawing on theoretical work and empirical research from the last two decades, they present the first prototype for an assessment of rational thinking analogous to the IQ test: the CART (Comprehensive Assessment of Rational Thinking). The authors describe the theoretical underpinnings of the CART, distinguishing the algorithmic mind from the reflective mind. They discuss the logic of the tasks used to measure cognitive biases, and they develop a unique typology of thinking errors. The Rationality Quotient explains the components of rational thought assessed by the CART, including probabilistic and scientific reasoning; the avoidance of “miserly” information processing; and the knowledge structures needed for rational thinking. Finally, the authors discuss studies of the CART and the social and practical implications of such a test. An appendix offers sample items from the test.

Behavioral Political Economy and Democratic Theory

Behavioral Political Economy and Democratic Theory
Author: Petr Špecián
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2022-06-09
ISBN 10: 1000598543
ISBN 13: 9781000598544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral Political Economy and Democratic Theory Book Review:

Drawing on current debates at the frontiers of economics, psychology, and political philosophy, this book explores the challenges that arise for liberal democracies from a confrontation between modern technologies and the bounds of human rationality. With the ongoing transition of democracy’s underlying information economy into the digital space, threats of disinformation and runaway political polarization have been gaining prominence. Employing the economic approach informed by behavioral sciences’ findings, the book’s chief concern is how these challenges can be addressed while preserving a commitment to democratic values and maximizing the epistemic benefits of democratic decision-making. The book has two key strands: it provides a systematic argument for building a behaviorally informed theory of democracy; and explores how scientific knowledge on quirks and bounds of human rationality can inform the design of resilient democratic institutions. Drawing these together, the book explores the centrality of the rationality assumption in the methodological debates surrounding behavioral sciences as exemplified by the dispute between neoclassical and behavioral economics; the role of (ir)rationality in democratic social choice; behaviorally informed paternalism as a response to the challenge of irrationality; and non-paternalistic avenues to increase the resilience of the democratic institutions towards political irrationality This book is invaluable reading for anyone interested in behavioral economics and sciences, political philosophy and the future of democracy.