Nucleation of Water

Nucleation of Water
Author: Ari Laaksonen,Jussi Malila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2021-11-25
ISBN 10: 0128143223
ISBN 13: 9780128143223
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation of Water Book Review:

Nucleation of Water: From Fundamental Science to Atmospheric and Additional Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of the current state-of-the-art regarding the nucleation of water. It covers vapor-liquid, liquid-vapor, liquid-ice and vapor-ice transitions and describes basic kinetic and thermodynamic concepts in a manner understandable to researchers working on specific applications. The main focus of the book lies in atmospheric phenomena, but it also describes engineering and biological applications. Bubble nucleation, although not of major atmospheric relevance, is included for completeness. This book presents a single, go-to resource that will help readers understand the breadth and depth of nucleation, both in theory and in real-world examples. Offers a single, comprehensive work on water nucleation, including cutting- edge research on ice, cloud and bubble nucleation Written primarily for atmospheric scientists, but it also presents the theories in such a way that researchers in other disciplines will find it useful Written by one of the world’s foremost experts on ice nucleation

Nucleation of Water

Nucleation of Water
Author: Ari Laaksonen,Jussi Malila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2021-12-10
ISBN 10: 0128143215
ISBN 13: 9780128143216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation of Water Book Review:

Nucleation of Water: From Fundamental Science to Atmospheric and Additional Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of the current state-of-the-art regarding the nucleation of water. It covers vapor-liquid, liquid-vapor, liquid-ice and vapor-ice transitions and describes basic kinetic and thermodynamic concepts in a manner understandable to researchers working on specific applications. The main focus of the book lies in atmospheric phenomena, but it also describes engineering and biological applications. Bubble nucleation, although not of major atmospheric relevance, is included for completeness. This book presents a single, go-to resource that will help readers understand the breadth and depth of nucleation, both in theory and in real-world examples. Offers a single, comprehensive work on water nucleation, including cutting- edge research on ice, cloud and bubble nucleation Written primarily for atmospheric scientists, but it also presents the theories in such a way that researchers in other disciplines will find it useful Written by one of the world's foremost experts on ice nucleation

Ice Adhesion

Ice Adhesion
Author: K. L. Mittal,Chang-Hwan Choi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2020-11-24
ISBN 10: 1119640377
ISBN 13: 9781119640370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ice Adhesion Book Review:

The book containing 18 chapters is divided into three parts: Part 1: Fundamentals of Ice Formation and Ice Characteristics; Part 2: Ice Adhesion and Its Measurement; and Part 3: Methods to Mitigate Ice Adhesion. The topics covered Include: Factors influencing the formation, adhesion and friction of ice; ice nucleation on solid surfaces; physics of ice nucleation and growth on a surface; condensation frosting; defrosting properties of structured surfaces; relationship between surface free energy and ice adhesion to surfaces; metrology of ice adhesion; test methods for quantifying ice adhesion strength to surfaces; interlaboratory studies of ice adhesion strength; mechanisms of surface icing and deicing technologies; anti-icing using microstructured surfaces; durability assessment of icephobic coatings; bio-inspired icephobic coatings; challenges in rational fabrication of icephobic surfaces; protection from ice accretion on aircraft; and numerical modeling and its application to inflight icing.

Practical Meteorology

Practical Meteorology
Author: Roland Stull
Publsiher: Sundog Publishing, LLC
Total Pages: 942
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780888652836
ISBN 13: 0888652836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Meteorology Book Review:

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties

Anomalous Water  Nucleation  Growth and Properties
Author: George K. Swinzow
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 37
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D03547074G
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties Book Review:

An anomalous liquid phase forming in an atmosphere of reduced water vapor pressure was investigated. The liquid was grown in capillary tubes. Technical experimental refinements resulted in high nucleation rates not previously observed. An examination of vapor pressures disclosed the relationship of nucleation growth and equilibria of anomalous water. The possibility of nucleation and growth of anomalous water on flat surfaces was confirmed by observation. Anomalous water was nucleated and grown on glass, quartz, Teflon, polyethylene and metal. Growth rates on free flat surfaces were higher, and the total amount of fluid obtained was several orders of magnitude higher, than those obtained from capillary tubes. Refractive indexes and other properties were measured directly. The new method of growing anomalous water outside capillary tubes is an advantage that may lead to large-scale production. Neither investigation of nor conclusion on the nature of the substance was made. Its low freezing temperature, high boiling temperature, low vapor pressure and high viscosity, reported by previous investigators and observed by the author, are of primary importance and justify a search for large-scale preparation methods. (Author).

Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size

Activation  Growth  and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size
Author: John R. Howell
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 42
Release: 1967
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112106636217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size Book Review:

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water

Handbook of Weather  Climate  and Water
Author: Thomas D. Potter,Bradley R. Colman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1020
Release: 2003-08-11
ISBN 10: 0471214906
ISBN 13: 9780471214908
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water Book Review:

This comprehensive, two-volume review of the atmospheric and hydrologic sciences promises to be the definitive reference for both professionals and laypersons for years to come. Volume I addresses atmospheric dynamics, physical meteorology, weather systems, and measurements, while Volume II contains information on the climate system, atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, and societal impacts.

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes
Author: Biman Bagchi
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2013-11-14
ISBN 10: 1107037298
ISBN 13: 9781107037298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes Book Review:

A unified overview of the dynamical properties of water and its unique and diverse role in biological and chemical processes.

Nucleation Theory

Nucleation Theory
Author: V.I. Kalikmanov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2012-11-28
ISBN 10: 9048136431
ISBN 13: 9789048136438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation Theory Book Review:

One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation. This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems. In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the efforts being made to account for their data.

Saline Water Conversion Report for

Saline Water Conversion Report for
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1967
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822009725631
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Saline Water Conversion Report for Book Review:

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water
Author: Lane Howard Seeley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:48521715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water Book Review:

Carbon in Earth s Interior

Carbon in Earth s Interior
Author: Craig E. Manning,Jung-Fu Lin,Wendy L. Mao
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2020-04-03
ISBN 10: 1119508231
ISBN 13: 9781119508236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon in Earth s Interior Book Review:

Carbon in Earth's fluid envelopes - the atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere, plays a fundamental role in our planet's climate system and a central role in biology, the environment, and the economy of earth system. The source and original quantity of carbon in our planet is uncertain, as are the identities and relative importance of early chemical processes associated with planetary differentiation. Numerous lines of evidence point to the early and continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth's surface and its interior, including diamonds, carbon-rich mantle-derived magmas, carbonate rocks in subduction zones and springs carrying deeply sourced carbon-bearing gases. Thus, there is little doubt that a substantial amount of carbon resides in our planet's interior. Yet, while we know it must be present, carbon's forms, transformations and movements at conditions relevant to the interiors of Earth and other planets remain uncertain and untapped. Volume highlights include: - Reviews key, general topics, such as carbonate minerals, the deep carbon cycle, and carbon in magmas or fluids - Describes new results at the frontiers of the field with presenting results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors - Brings together emerging insights into carbon's forms, transformations and movements through study of the dynamics, structure, stability and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials - Reviews emerging new insights into the properties of allied substances that carry carbon, into the rates of chemical and physical transformations, and into the complex interactions between moving fluids, magmas, and rocks to the interiors of Earth and other planets - Spans the various chemical redox states of carbon, from reduced hydrocarbons to zero-valent diamond and graphite to oxidized CO2 and carbonates - Captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in an emerging scientific discipline - Reports advances over the last decade that have led to a major leap forward in our understanding of carbon science - Compiles the range of methods that can be tapped tap from the deep carbon community, which includes experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamic modelers and geodynamicists - Represents a reference point for future deep carbon science research Carbon in Planetary Interiors will be a valuable resource for researchers and students who study the Earth's interior. The topics of this volume are interdisciplinary, and therefore will be useful to professionals from a wide variety of fields in the Earth Sciences, such as mineral physics, petrology, geochemistry, experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamics, material science, chemistry, geophysics and geodynamics.

Classical Nucleation Theory in Multicomponent Systems

Classical Nucleation Theory in Multicomponent Systems
Author: Hanna Vehkamäki
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2006-03-22
ISBN 10: 3540312188
ISBN 13: 9783540312185
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Classical Nucleation Theory in Multicomponent Systems Book Review:

Nucleation is the initial step of every first-order phase transition, and most phase transitions encountered both in everyday life and industrial processes are of the first-order. Using an elegant classical theory based on thermodynamics and kinetics, this book provides a fully detailed picture of multi-component nucleation. As many of the issues concerning multi-component nucleation theory have been solved during the last 10-15 years, it also thoroughly integrates both fundamental theory with recent advances presented in the literature. Classical Nucleation Theory in Multicomponent Systems serves as a textbook for advanced thermodynamics courses, as well as an important reference for researchers in the field. The main topics covered are: the basic relevant thermodynamics and statistical physics; modelling a molecular cluster as a spherical liquid droplet; predicting the size and composition of the nucleating critical clusters; kinetic models for cluster growth and decay; calculating nucleation rates; and a full derivation and application of nucleation theorems that can be used to extract microscopic cluster properties from nucleation rate measurements. The assumptions and approximations needed to build the classical theory are described in detail, and the reasons why the theory fails in certain cases are explained. Relevant problems are presented at the end of each chapter.

Nucleation in Supercooled Water

Nucleation in Supercooled Water
Author: Gabor Vali
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1964
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:61577060
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation in Supercooled Water Book Review:

"Experiments were designed to determine the dependance of the heterogeneous nucleation process in liquid water on temperature and on the duration of supercooling. A specially constructed apparatus facilitated experiments with accurately controlled cooling-rates and constant temperatures. Samples of once-distilled tap-water and melted snow and hail were investigated in the form of 0.01 cc drops. The mean freezing temperatures of these samples are -20, -16 and -12 C respectively. For distilled water and for snow the mean temperature is lowered by 0.2 C for a twofold increase in the cooling-rate, for cooling rates in the range 0.5 to 4 (possibly to 10) degrees per minute. At constant temperatures only a fraction of the drops is nucleated even after 15 minutes, the number of events per interval of time decreasing rapidly to a negligible level within 8-10 minutes. [...]" --

Principles of Solidification

Principles of Solidification
Author: Bruce Chalmers
Publsiher: Krieger Publishing Company
Total Pages: 319
Release: 1977
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924004034116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Solidification Book Review:

Advances in Solar Energy

Advances in Solar Energy
Author: D. Yogi Goswami
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1844073149
ISBN 13: 9781844073146
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solar Energy Book Review:

'Essential for any serious technical library'PROFESSOR MARTIN GREEN, UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTHWALES, AUSTRALIA'Valuable, detailed information that helps me plan for the future'DON OSBORN, FORMERLY OF SACRAMENTO MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICTThe Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies, including solar, wind and biomass, bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy.Volume 17 focuses primarily on solar energy, with respect to heating, hot water, drying and detoxification. Specific chapter subjects include:? Alternative World Energy Outlook 2006: A Possible Path towards a Sustainable Future? Quantum Well Solar Cells? Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics? Thermal and Material Characterization of Immersed Heat Exchangers for Solar Domestic Hot Water? Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water with Solar Energy? Solar-Hydrogen: A Solid-State Chemistry Perspective? Solar Heat for Industrial Processes? Solar Energy Technology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for SustainableEnergy, Water and Environment

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation
Author: Eli Ruckenstein,Gersh Berim
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2016-06-20
ISBN 10: 1138032174
ISBN 13: 9781138032170
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation Book Review:

Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding. Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book: Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water
Author: William J. Eadie
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 234
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112113022971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water Book Review:

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates
Author: Nobuo Maeda
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 191
Release: 2020-08-15
ISBN 10: 3030518744
ISBN 13: 9783030518745
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates Book Review:

This book introduces readers to experimental techniques of general utility that can be used to practically and reliably determine nucleation rates. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation. The formation of gas hydrates is a first-order phase transition that begins with nucleation. Understanding nucleation is of interest to many working in the chemical and petroleum industry, since nucleation, while beneficial in many chemical processes, is also a concern in terms of flow assurance for oil and natural gas pipelines. A primary difficulty in the investigation of gas hydrate nucleation has been researchers’ inability to determine and compare the nucleation rates of gas hydrates across systems with different scales and levels of complexity, which in turn has limited their ability to study the nucleation process itself. This book introduces readers to experimental techniques that can be used to practically and reliably determine the nucleation rates of gas hydrate systems. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation.

SIPRE Report

SIPRE Report
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B3095967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SIPRE Report Book Review: