Nucleation of Water

Nucleation of Water
Author: Ari Laaksonen,Jussi Malila
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2021-11-25
ISBN 10: 0128143223
ISBN 13: 9780128143223
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation of Water Book Review:

Nucleation of Water: From Fundamental Science to Atmospheric and Additional Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of the current state-of-the-art regarding the nucleation of water. It covers vapor-liquid, liquid-vapor, liquid-ice and vapor-ice transitions and describes basic kinetic and thermodynamic concepts in a manner understandable to researchers working on specific applications. The main focus of the book lies in atmospheric phenomena, but it also describes engineering and biological applications. Bubble nucleation, although not of major atmospheric relevance, is included for completeness. This book presents a single, go-to resource that will help readers understand the breadth and depth of nucleation, both in theory and in real-world examples. Offers a single, comprehensive work on water nucleation, including cutting- edge research on ice, cloud and bubble nucleation Written primarily for atmospheric scientists, but it also presents the theories in such a way that researchers in other disciplines will find it useful Written by one of the world’s foremost experts on ice nucleation

Ice Adhesion

Ice Adhesion
Author: K. L. Mittal,Chang-Hwan Choi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2020-12-15
ISBN 10: 1119640377
ISBN 13: 9781119640370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ice Adhesion Book Review:

This unique book presents ways to mitigate the disastrous effects of snow/ice accumulation and discusses the mechanisms of new coatings deicing technologies. The strategies currently used to combat ice accumulation problems involve chemical, mechanical or electrical approaches. These are expensive and labor intensive, and the use of chemicals raises serious environmental concerns. The availability of truly icephobic surfaces or coatings will be a big boon in preventing the devastating effects of ice accumulation. Currently, there is tremendous interest in harnessing nanotechnology in rendering surfaces icephobic or in devising icephobic surface materials and coatings, and all signals indicate that such interest will continue unabated in the future. As the key issue regarding icephobic materials or coatings is their durability, much effort is being spent in developing surface materials or coatings which can be effective over a long period. With the tremendous activity in this arena, there is strong hope that in the not too distant future, durable surface materials or coatings will come to fruition. This book contains 20 chapters by subject matter experts and is divided into three parts— Part 1: Fundamentals of Ice Formation and Characterization; Part 2: Ice Adhesion and Its Measurement; and Part 3: Methods to Mitigate Ice Adhesion. The topics covered include: factors influencing the formation, adhesion and friction of ice; ice nucleation on solid surfaces; physics of ice nucleation and growth on a surface; condensation frosting; defrosting properties of structured surfaces; relationship between surface free energy and ice adhesion to surfaces; metrology of ice adhesion; test methods for quantifying ice adhesion strength to surfaces; interlaboratory studies of ice adhesion strength; mechanisms of surface icing and deicing technologies; icephobicities of superhydrophobic surfaces; anti-icing using microstructured surfaces; icephobic surfaces: features and challenges; bio-inspired anti-icing surface materials; durability of anti-icing coatings; durability of icephobic coatings; bio-inspired icephobic coatings; protection from ice accretion on aircraft; and numerical modeling and its application to inflight icing.

Practical Meteorology

Practical Meteorology
Author: Roland Stull
Publsiher: Sundog Publishing, LLC
Total Pages: 942
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780888652836
ISBN 13: 0888652836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Meteorology Book Review:

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols
Author: Colin D. O'Dowd,Paul E. Wagner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1275
Release: 2007-10
ISBN 10: 1402064748
ISBN 13: 9781402064746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols Book Review:

Atmospheric particles are ubiquitous in the atmosphere: they form the seeds for cloud droplets and they form haze layers, blocking out incoming radiation and contributing to a partial cooling of our climate. They also contribute to poor air quality and health impacts. A large fraction of aerosols are formed from nucleation processes – that is a phase transition from vapour to liquid or solid particles. Examples are the formation of stable clusters about 1 nm in size from molecular collisions and these in turn can grow into larger (100 nm or more) haze particles via condensation to the formation of ice crystals in mixed phase or cold clouds. This book brings together the leading experts from the nucleation and atmospheric aerosols research communities to present the current state-of-the-art knowledge in these related fields. Topics covered are: Nucleation Experiment & Theory, Binary, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Nucleation, Ion & Cluster Properties During Nucleation, Aerosol Characterisation & Properties, Aerosol Formation, Dynamics and Growth, Marine Aerosol Production, Aerosol-Cloud Interactions, Chemical Composition & Cloud Drop Activation, Remote Sensing of aerosol & clouds and Air Quality-Climate Interactions

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties

Anomalous Water  Nucleation  Growth and Properties
Author: George K. Swinzow
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 37
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D03547074G
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties Book Review:

An anomalous liquid phase forming in an atmosphere of reduced water vapor pressure was investigated. The liquid was grown in capillary tubes. Technical experimental refinements resulted in high nucleation rates not previously observed. An examination of vapor pressures disclosed the relationship of nucleation growth and equilibria of anomalous water. The possibility of nucleation and growth of anomalous water on flat surfaces was confirmed by observation. Anomalous water was nucleated and grown on glass, quartz, Teflon, polyethylene and metal. Growth rates on free flat surfaces were higher, and the total amount of fluid obtained was several orders of magnitude higher, than those obtained from capillary tubes. Refractive indexes and other properties were measured directly. The new method of growing anomalous water outside capillary tubes is an advantage that may lead to large-scale production. Neither investigation of nor conclusion on the nature of the substance was made. Its low freezing temperature, high boiling temperature, low vapor pressure and high viscosity, reported by previous investigators and observed by the author, are of primary importance and justify a search for large-scale preparation methods. (Author).

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996
Author: M. Kulmala,P.E. Wagner
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 967
Release: 1996-08-13
ISBN 10: 9780080537825
ISBN 13: 0080537820
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996 Book Review:

This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 14th International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols, Helsinki, 26 - 30 August 1996. The first conference of this series took place in Dublin (1955); second, Basel and Locarno (1956); third, Cambridge (1958); fourth, Frankfurt am Main and Heidelberg (1961); fifth, Clermont-Ferrand and Tolouse (1963); sixth, Albany and University Park (1966); seventh, Prague and Vienna (1969); eighth, Leningrad (1973); ninth, Galway (1977); tenth, Hamburg (1981); eleventh Budapest (1984); twelfth, Vienna (1988); thirteenth, Salt Lake City (1992). The Atmospheric Aerosol conference has been held jointly with the Nucleation Symposium since 1988 in Vienna in order to stimulate contacts between researchers in these closely related fields. The broad nature of the meeting and the scientific program resulted in 32 countries submitting papers for presentation. Covering both experimental and theoretical studies these papers are divided amongst the chapters on Nucleation, Stratospheric Aerosols and Ice Nucleation, Tropospheric Aerosols and Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interaction. In addition to these contributed papers invitations to present a plenary lecture on topics of particular current interest were accepted by P.J. Crutzen, J. Gras, J.L. Katz, A.A. Lushnikov, D. Oxtoby, J.E. Penner, Th. Peter, F. Raes, S.E. Schwartz, R. Strey and G. Vali. These plenary papers together with the contributed papers provide a well-balanced perspective of the current research over the entire field and highlight some important issues.

Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size

Activation  Growth  and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size
Author: John R. Howell
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 42
Release: 1967
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112106636217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size Book Review:

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water
Author: Lane Howard Seeley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:48521715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water Book Review:

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water

Handbook of Weather  Climate  and Water
Author: Thomas D. Potter,Bradley R. Colman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1020
Release: 2003-08-11
ISBN 10: 0471214906
ISBN 13: 9780471214908
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water Book Review:

This comprehensive, two-volume review of the atmospheric and hydrologic sciences promises to be the definitive reference for both professionals and laypersons for years to come. Volume I addresses atmospheric dynamics, physical meteorology, weather systems, and measurements, while Volume II contains information on the climate system, atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, and societal impacts.

Saline Water Conversion Report for

Saline Water Conversion Report for
Author: United States. Office of Saline Water
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1966
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015068094112
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Saline Water Conversion Report for Book Review:

Nucleation in Supercooled Water

Nucleation in Supercooled Water
Author: Gabor Vali
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1964
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:61577060
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation in Supercooled Water Book Review:

"Experiments were designed to determine the dependance of the heterogeneous nucleation process in liquid water on temperature and on the duration of supercooling. A specially constructed apparatus facilitated experiments with accurately controlled cooling-rates and constant temperatures. Samples of once-distilled tap-water and melted snow and hail were investigated in the form of 0.01 cc drops. The mean freezing temperatures of these samples are -20, -16 and -12 C respectively. For distilled water and for snow the mean temperature is lowered by 0.2 C for a twofold increase in the cooling-rate, for cooling rates in the range 0.5 to 4 (possibly to 10) degrees per minute. At constant temperatures only a fraction of the drops is nucleated even after 15 minutes, the number of events per interval of time decreasing rapidly to a negligible level within 8-10 minutes. [...]" --

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation
Author: Pao K. Wang
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN 10: 1107005566
ISBN 13: 9781107005563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation Book Review:

New textbook on microphysics, thermodynamics and cloud-scale dynamics of clouds and precipitation, for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers and professionals.

Saline Water Conversion Report for

Saline Water Conversion Report for
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1967
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822009725631
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Saline Water Conversion Report for Book Review:

Kinetics of Ice Nucleation from Water and Electrolyte Solutions

Kinetics of Ice Nucleation from Water and Electrolyte Solutions
Author: George R. Wood,Alan G. Walton
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 188
Release: 1969
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015078500389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Ice Nucleation from Water and Electrolyte Solutions Book Review:

Aerosols

Aerosols
Author: V. Alexander STEFAN, Editor
Publsiher: Stefan University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1889545260
ISBN 13: 9781889545264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aerosols Book Review:

Advances in Solar Energy

Advances in Solar Energy
Author: D. Yogi Goswami
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1844073149
ISBN 13: 9781844073146
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Solar Energy Book Review:

'Essential for any serious technical library'PROFESSOR MARTIN GREEN, UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTHWALES, AUSTRALIA'Valuable, detailed information that helps me plan for the future'DON OSBORN, FORMERLY OF SACRAMENTO MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICTThe Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies, including solar, wind and biomass, bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy.Volume 17 focuses primarily on solar energy, with respect to heating, hot water, drying and detoxification. Specific chapter subjects include:? Alternative World Energy Outlook 2006: A Possible Path towards a Sustainable Future? Quantum Well Solar Cells? Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics? Thermal and Material Characterization of Immersed Heat Exchangers for Solar Domestic Hot Water? Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water with Solar Energy? Solar-Hydrogen: A Solid-State Chemistry Perspective? Solar Heat for Industrial Processes? Solar Energy Technology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for SustainableEnergy, Water and Environment

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation
Author: Eli Ruckenstein,Gersh Berim
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2016-06-20
ISBN 10: 1138032174
ISBN 13: 9781138032170
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation Book Review:

Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding. Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book: Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.

Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds

Thermodynamics  Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds
Author: Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov,Judith A. Curry
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2014-08-25
ISBN 10: 1107016037
ISBN 13: 9781107016033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds Book Review:

This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water
Author: William J. Eadie
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 234
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112113022971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Molecular Theory of the Homogeneous Nucleation of Ice from Supercooled Water Book Review:

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates
Author: Nobuo Maeda
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 191
Release: 2020-08-15
ISBN 10: 3030518744
ISBN 13: 9783030518745
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates Book Review:

This book introduces readers to experimental techniques of general utility that can be used to practically and reliably determine nucleation rates. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation. The formation of gas hydrates is a first-order phase transition that begins with nucleation. Understanding nucleation is of interest to many working in the chemical and petroleum industry, since nucleation, while beneficial in many chemical processes, is also a concern in terms of flow assurance for oil and natural gas pipelines. A primary difficulty in the investigation of gas hydrate nucleation has been researchers’ inability to determine and compare the nucleation rates of gas hydrates across systems with different scales and levels of complexity, which in turn has limited their ability to study the nucleation process itself. This book introduces readers to experimental techniques that can be used to practically and reliably determine the nucleation rates of gas hydrate systems. It also covers the basics of gas hydrates, phase equilibria, nucleation theory, crystal growth, and interfacial gaseous states. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of hydrate nucleation.