Nucleation in Condensed Matter

Nucleation in Condensed Matter
Author: Ken Kelton,Alan Lindsay Greer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2010-03-19
ISBN 10: 0080912648
ISBN 13: 9780080912646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Book Review:

In Nucleation in Condensed Matter, key theoretical models for nucleation are developed and experimental data are used to discuss their range of validity. A central aim of this book is to enable the reader, when faced with a phenomenon in which nucleation appears to play a role, to determine whether nucleation is indeed important and to develop a quantitative and predictive description of the nucleation behavior. The third section of the book examines nucleation processes in practical situations, ranging from solid state precipitation to nucleation in biological systems to nucleation in food and drink. Nucleation in Condensed Matter is a key reference for an advanced materials course in phase transformations. It is also an essential reference for researchers in the field. Unified treatment of key theories, experimental evaluations and case studies Complete derivation of key models Detailed discussion of experimental measurements Examples of nucleation in diverse systems

Nucleation in Condensed Matter

Nucleation in Condensed Matter
Author: K. F. Kelton,A. L. Greer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1055441331
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Book Review:

Advances in Contact Angle Wettability and Adhesion

Advances in Contact Angle  Wettability and Adhesion
Author: K. L. Mittal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2013-08-16
ISBN 10: 111879561X
ISBN 13: 9781118795613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Contact Angle Wettability and Adhesion Book Review:

The topic of wettabilty is extremely important from both fundamental and applied aspects. The applications of wettability range from self-cleaning windows to micro- and nanofluidics. This book represents the cumulative wisdom of a contingent of world-class (researchers engaged in the domain of wettability. In the last few years there has been tremendous interest in the "Lotus Leaf Effect" and in understanding its mechanism and how to replicate this effect for myriad applications. The topics of superhydrophobicity, omniphobicity and superhydrophilicity are of much contemporary interest and these are covered in depth in this book.

Thermal analysis of Micro Nano and Non Crystalline Materials

Thermal analysis of Micro  Nano  and Non Crystalline Materials
Author: Jaroslav Šesták,Peter Simon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2012-10-28
ISBN 10: 9048131502
ISBN 13: 9789048131501
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal analysis of Micro Nano and Non Crystalline Materials Book Review:

Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics complements and adds to volume 8 Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials by providing a coherent and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes in this field. In particular, the book focuses on reaction thermodynamics and kinetics applied to solid-state chemistry and thermal physics of various states of materials. Written by an international array of distinguished academics, the book deals with fundamental and historical aspects of phenomenological kinetics, equilibrium background of processes, crystal defects, non-stoichiometry and nano-crystallinity, reduced glass-transition temperatures and glass-forming coefficients, determination of the glass transition by DSC, the role of heat transfer and phase transition in DTA experiments, explanation of DTA/DSC methods used for the estimation of crystal nucleation, structural relaxation and viscosity behaviour in glass and associated relaxation kinetics, influence of preliminary nucleation and coupled phenomenological kinetics, nucleation on both the strongly curved surfaces and nano-particles, crystallization of glassy and amorphous materials including oxides, chalcogenides and metals, non-parametric and fractal description of kinetics, disorder and dimensionality in nano-crystalline diamond, thermal analysis of waste glass batches, amorphous inorganic polysialates and bioactivity of hydroxyl groups as well as reaction kinetics and unconventional glass formability of oxide superconductors. Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics is a valuable resource to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researches working in the application fields of material thermodynamics, thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements, and calorimetry.

Cohesive Properties of Semiconductors under Laser Irradiation

Cohesive Properties of Semiconductors under Laser Irradiation
Author: L.D. Laude
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 633
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400968906
ISBN 13: 9789400968905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cohesive Properties of Semiconductors under Laser Irradiation Book Review:

The impact of Materials Science in our environment has probably never been as massive and decisive as it is today. In every aspect of our lives, progress has never been so dependent on the techniques involved in producing ever more sophisticated materials in ever larger quantities, nor so demanding for technologists to imagine novel processes and circumvent difficulties, or take up new challenges. Every technique is based on a physical process which is put into practice and optimized. The better we know that process, the better the optimization, and more powerful the technique. Laser processing of materials is inscribed in that context. As soon as powerful coherent light sources were made available, it was realized that such intense sources of energy could be used to "heat, melt and crystallize" materials, i.e., to promote phase transitions in atomic systems. As early as 1964, attempts in that direction were made but received very little (if any) attention. Reasons for this lack of interest were several. For one thing, laser technology was not fully developed, so that the process offered poor reliability and no versatility. Also, improving the existing techniques was believed to be sufficient to meet the needs of the time, and there was no real motivation to explore new ways. Finally, and more important, the fundamentals of the physics behind the scenes were, and continue to be, way out of the runni~g stream.

Nucleation Theory

Nucleation Theory
Author: V.I. Kalikmanov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2012-11-28
ISBN 10: 9048136431
ISBN 13: 9789048136438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleation Theory Book Review:

One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation. This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems. In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the efforts being made to account for their data.

Introduction to the Theory of Soft Matter

Introduction to the Theory of Soft Matter
Author: Jonathan V. Selinger
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2015-08-19
ISBN 10: 3319210548
ISBN 13: 9783319210544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Theory of Soft Matter Book Review:

This book presents the theory of soft matter to students at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. It provides a basic introduction to theoretical physics as applied to soft matter, explaining the concepts of symmetry, broken symmetry, and order parameters; phases and phase transitions; mean-field theory; and the mathematics of variational calculus and tensors. It is written in an informal, conversational style, which is accessible to students from a diverse range of backgrounds. The book begins with a simple “toy model” to demonstrate the physical significance of free energy. It then introduces two standard theories of phase transitions—the Ising model for ferromagnetism and van der Waals theory of gases and liquids—and uses them to illustrate principles of statistical mechanics. From those examples, it moves on to discuss order, disorder, and broken symmetry in many states of matter, and to explain the theoretical methods that are used to model the phenomena. It concludes with a chapter on liquid crystals, which brings together all of these physical and mathematical concepts. The book is accompanied online by a set of “interactive figures”—some allow readers to change parameters and see what happens to a graph, some allow readers to rotate a plot or other graphics in 3D, and some do both. These interactive figures help students to develop their intuition for the physical meaning of equations. This book will prepare advanced undergraduate or early graduate students to go into more advanced theoretical studies. It will also equip students going into experimental soft matter science to be fully conversant with the theoretical aspects and have effective collaborations with theorists.

Physical Metallurgy

Physical Metallurgy
Author: David E. Laughlin,Kazuhiro Hono
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 2960
Release: 2014-07-24
ISBN 10: 0444537716
ISBN 13: 9780444537713
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Metallurgy Book Review:

This fifth edition of the highly regarded family of titles that first published in 1965 is now a three-volume set and over 3,000 pages. All chapters have been revised and expanded, either by the fourth edition authors alone or jointly with new co-authors. Chapters have been added on the physical metallurgy of light alloys, the physical metallurgy of titanium alloys, atom probe field ion microscopy, computational metallurgy, and orientational imaging microscopy. The books incorporate the latest experimental research results and theoretical insights. Several thousand citations to the research and review literature are included. Exhaustively synthesizes the pertinent, contemporary developments within physical metallurgy so scientists have authoritative information at their fingertips Replaces existing articles and monographs with a single, complete solution Enables metallurgists to predict changes and create novel alloys and processes

Issues in Nuclear High Energy Plasma Particle and Condensed Matter Physics 2011 Edition

Issues in Nuclear  High Energy  Plasma  Particle  and Condensed Matter Physics  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 2500
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464963649
ISBN 13: 9781464963643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Nuclear High Energy Plasma Particle and Condensed Matter Physics 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics. The editors have built Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter 1983

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter   1983
Author: J.R. Asay,R.A. Graham,G.K. Struab
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444600175
ISBN 13: 9780444600172
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter 1983 Book Review:

Shock Waves in Condensed Matter – 1983 covers the proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Conference, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico on July 18-21, 1983. The book focuses on the response of matter to dynamic high pressure and temperature. The selection first elaborates on the review of theoretical calculations of phase transitions and comparisons with experimental results; theoretical and experimental studies of shock-compressed benzene and polybutene; and theory of the iron equation of state and melting curve to very high pressures. The text then ponders on nonhydrostatic effects in stress-wave induced phase transformation of calcite; Bauschinger effect model suitable for use in large computer codes; and strain rate sensitivity prediction for porous bed compaction. The manuscript takes a look at flaw nucleation and energetics of dynamic fragmentation, shock loading behavior of fused quartz, and aluminum damage simulation in high-velocity impact. Shock wave diagnostics by time-resolved infrared radiometry and non-linear Raman spectroscopy; Raman scattering temperature measurement behind a shock wave; and experiments and simulation on laser-driven shock wave evolution in aluminum targets are also discussed. The selection is a dependable reference for scientists and readers interested in the response of matter when exposed to dynamic high pressure and temperature.

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter
Author: Gennady I. Kanel,Sergey V. Razorenov,Vladimir E. Fortov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 1475742827
ISBN 13: 9781475742824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shock Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter Book Review:

One of the main goals of investigations of shock-wave phenomena in condensed matter is to develop methods for predicting effects of explosions, high-velocity collisions, and other kinds of intense dynamic loading of materials and structures. Based on the results of international research conducted over the past 30 years, this book is addressed not only to experts in shock-wave physics, but also to interested representatives from adjacent fields of activity and to students who seek an introduction to the current issues.

Materials Kinetics

Materials Kinetics
Author: John C. Mauro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2020-11-22
ISBN 10: 0128242167
ISBN 13: 9780128242162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Kinetics Book Review:

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed Matter Physics III

Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed Matter Physics III
Author: David P. Landau,K.K. Mon,Heinz-Bernd Schüttler
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642763820
ISBN 13: 9783642763823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed Matter Physics III Book Review:

The contribution of computer simulation studies to our understanding of the prop erties of a wide range of condensed matter systems is now weIl established. The Center for Simulational Physics of the University of Georgia has been hosting a series of annual workshops with the intent of bringing together experienced prac titioners in the field, as weIl as relative newcomers, to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas and recent results. This year's workshop, the third in the series, was held February 12-16, 1990. These proceedings are arecord of the workshop and are published with the goal of timely dissemination of the papers to a wider audience. The proceedings are divided into four parts. The first contains invited pa pers dealing with simulational studies of classical systems and also includes an introduction to some new simulation techniques. Aseparate section is devoted to invited papers on quantum systems, including new results for strongly correlated electron and quantum spin models believed to be important for the description of high-Tc superconductors. The third part consists of a single invited paper, which presents a comprehensive treatment of issues associated with high perfor mance computing, including differences in architectures and a discussion of access strategies. The contributed papers constitute the final part.

Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME

Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME
Author: Georg J. Schmitz,Ulrich Prahl
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2016-10-31
ISBN 10: 3527693580
ISBN 13: 9783527693580
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME Book Review:

As one of the results of an ambitious project, this handbook provides a well-structured directory of globally available software tools in the area of Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME). The compilation covers models, software tools, and numerical methods allowing describing electronic, atomistic, and mesoscopic phenomena, which in their combination determine the microstructure and the properties of materials. It reaches out to simulations of component manufacture comprising primary shaping, forming, joining, coating, heat treatment, and machining processes. Models and tools addressing the in-service behavior like fatigue, corrosion, and eventually recycling complete the compilation. An introductory overview is provided for each of these different modelling areas highlighting the relevant phenomena and also discussing the current state for the different simulation approaches. A must-have for researchers, application engineers, and simulation software providers seeking a holistic overview about the current state of the art in a huge variety of modelling topics. This handbook equally serves as a reference manual for academic and commercial software developers and providers, for industrial users of simulation software, and for decision makers seeking to optimize their production by simulations. In view of its sound introductions into the different fields of materials physics, materials chemistry, materials engineering and materials processing it also serves as a tutorial for students in the emerging discipline of ICME, which requires a broad view on things and at least a basic education in adjacent fields.

Dynamic Magma Evolution

Dynamic Magma Evolution
Author: Francesco Vetere
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-12-22
ISBN 10: 1119521130
ISBN 13: 9781119521136
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Magma Evolution Book Review:

Explores the complex physico-chemical processes involved in active volcanism and dynamic magmatism Understanding the magmatic processes responsible for the chemical and textural signatures of volcanic products and igneous rocks is crucial for monitoring, forecasting, and mitigating the impacts of volcanic activity. Dynamic Magma Evolution is a compilation of recent geochemical, petrological, physical, and thermodynamic studies. It combines field research, experimental results, theoretical approaches, unconventional and novel techniques, and computational modeling to present the latest developments in the field. Volume highlights include: Crystallization and degassing processes in magmatic environments Bubble and mineral nucleation and growth induced by cooling and decompression Kinetic processes during magma ascent to the surface Magma mixing, mingling, and recharge dynamics Geo-speedometer measurement of volcanic events Changes in magma rheology induced by mineral and volatile content The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts
Author: Dieter M. Herlach,Douglas M. Matson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2012-05-21
ISBN 10: 3527647929
ISBN 13: 9783527647927
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts Book Review:

All metallic materials are prepared from the liquid state as their parent phase. Solidification is therefore one of the most important phase transformation in daily human life. Solidification is the transition from liquid to solid state of matter. The conditions under which material is transformed determines the physical and chemical properties of the as-solidified body. The processes involved, like nucleation and crystal growth, are governed by heat and mass transport. Convection and undercooling provide additional processing parameters to tune the solidification process and to control solid material performance from the very beginning of the production chain. To develop a predictive capability for efficient materials production the processes involved in solidification have to be understood in detail. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the solidification of metallic melts processed and undercooled in a containerless manner by drop tube, electromagnetic and electrostatic levitation, and experiments in reduced gravity. The experiments are accompanied by model calculations on the influence of thermodynamic and hydrodynamic conditions that control selection of nucleation mechanisms and modify crystal growth development throughout the solidification process.

Experimental Thermodynamics Volume X

Experimental Thermodynamics Volume X
Author: Dick Bedeaux,Signe Kjelstrup,Jan Sengers
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2015-10-14
ISBN 10: 1782622543
ISBN 13: 9781782622543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experimental Thermodynamics Volume X Book Review:

The book covers recent developments in the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications. Four chapters are devoted to the foundations; an overview chapter is followed by recent results addressing the underlying principles of the theory. The applications are concerned with bulk systems, with heterogeneous systems where interfaces are central and with process units in industry where entropy production minimization is useful. There is also a collection of chapters under the heading mesoscopic non-equilibrium thermodynamics, giving in the end an overview of extensions of the theory into the non-linear regime. Bringing the literature up to date and detailing new approaches in this area of research, it is aimed at a predominantly, but not exclusively, academic audience of practitioners of thermodynamics and energy conversion.

Synthesis Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid

Synthesis  Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid
Author: Maria Laura Di Lorenzo,René Androsch
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2017-10-20
ISBN 10: 3319642308
ISBN 13: 9783319642307
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthesis Structure and Properties of Poly lactic acid Book Review:

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science.The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics.Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned.Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students

Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation

Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9814465593
ISBN 13: 9789814465595
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation Book Review:

Metallurgy in Space

Metallurgy in Space
Author: Hans-Jörg Fecht
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030897842
ISBN 13: 9783030897840
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallurgy in Space Book Review: