Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior

Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior
Author: Carolyn Declerck,Christophe Boone
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2015-08-21
ISBN 10: 0128014415
ISBN 13: 9780128014417
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior Book Review:

This summary of recent research in neuroeconomics aims to explain how and why a person can sometimes be generous, helpful, and cooperative, yet other times behave in a self-interested and/or exploitative manner. The book explains a dual process of analysis measuring immediate needs of the individual, relative to long term gains possible through prosocial behavior (e.g. synergy, accumulating profits, (in)direct reciprocity) with the output further mitigated by the motivation of the individual at that moment and any special circumstances of the environment. Ultimately it can be shown that prosocial behavior can be economically rational. Yet even when individuals are intrinsically motivated to act prosocially, they are also able to reverse this behavior when they sense it is no longer adaptive. The book will further explore individual differences in prosocial behavior, the development of prosocial behavior, and how a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation. The book includes game theory research, neuroimaging studies, and research in traditional cognitive psychology to better understand human decision-making re prosocial behavior. This will be of interest to cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as neuroscientists, and behavioral economists. Explores: Individual differences in prosocial behavior, The development of prosocial behavior, How a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation Includes: Game theory research, Neuroimaging studies, Research in traditional cognitive psychology

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr,Colin Camerer,Russell Alan Poldrack
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2008-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780080921068
ISBN 13: 008092106X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Book Review:

Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior
Author: David A. Schroeder,William G. Graziano
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2015-04-01
ISBN 10: 0195399811
ISBN 13: 9780195399813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior Book Review:

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior provides a comprehensive review of the current literature on when and why people act to benefit others. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field to give both the casual reader and the neophyte to the field some perspective about fundamental questions (what, why, when, and who) relative to prosocial behavior. Taking a multi-level approach, the chapters represent the broad spectrum of this multi-faceted domain. Topics range from micro-level analyses involving evolutionary and comparative psychological factors to macro-level applications, such as reducing intergroup conflicts and ethnic genocide. Between these extremes, the contributors--all internationally recognized in their field--offer their perspectives on developmental processes that may predispose individuals to empathize with and respond to the needs of others, individual differences that seem to interact with situational demands to promote helping, and the underlying motivations of those helping others. They explain volunteerism, intragroup cooperation, and intergroup cooperation to move the analysis from the individual to group-level phenomena. They extend the consideration of this topic to include support of pro- environmental actions, means to encourage participation in medical clinical trials, and the promotion of world peace. The ways that gender, interpersonal relationships, race, and religion might affect decisions to give aid and support to others are also addressed. The final chapter offers a unique view of prosocial behavior that encourages researchers and readers to take an even broader consideration of the field to search for a prosocial consilience.

Values Empathy and Fairness Across Social Barriers

Values  Empathy  and Fairness Across Social Barriers
Author: Scott Atran
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2009-07-27
ISBN 10: 1573317608
ISBN 13: 9781573317603
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Values Empathy and Fairness Across Social Barriers Book Review:

Papers are the result of the first Barcelona Social Brain Conference, entitled Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers: a neurocognitive approach to fairness, organized by the New York Academy of Sciences, the European Science Foundation, the Catalan Research Foundation and the Social Brain Chair, and held on November 21-22, 2008 at Fundacio "la Caixa" Barcelona, Spain.

Prosocial Development

Prosocial Development
Author: Laura M. Padilla-Walker,Gustavo Carlo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2015-12-15
ISBN 10: 0199964785
ISBN 13: 9780199964789
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prosocial Development Book Review:

Prosocial behavior-broadly defined as voluntary action intended to help or benefit another-has been associated with positive outcomes across the lifespan. Children with a more prosocial orientation are better liked and trusted by their peers, have a higher status in peer groups, are better at maintaining friendships, demonstrate better self regulation, empathy, and social cognitive skills, and excel in academics. Researchers have shown that prosocial behaviors correlate to lower rates of school suspension and drop-out, teen pregnancy, substance use, aggression, and delinquency. These positive effects speak to the value of prosocial behavior during formative years. Prosocial Development examines a variety of biological, socialization, and contextual influences on prosocial development from infancy through early adulthood. While the definition of prosocial behavior may seem straightforward, recent research has highlighted its multifaceted nature. This volume specifically focuses on the multidimensionality of prosocial development, examining different contexts, motivations, types, and targets of prosocial behavior that are differentially predicted by socialization and dispositional characteristics. Skillfully edited by Drs. Padilla-Walker and Carlo, each chapter in this volume highlights some aspect of multidimensionality in regard to prosocial behavior and meaningful avenues for future research. This volume will be an important tool for scholars, researchers, and practitioners who are interested in prosocial, moral, and positive youth development. The organization and focus of this volume are also well-suited for use as a text for graduate courses in moral development, child and adolescent development, social psychology, sociology, anthropology, and family studies.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Tania Singer,Anita Tusche
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2013-08-13
ISBN 10: 0128073349
ISBN 13: 9780128073346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Book Review:

While economics and game theory are based on the assumption that people who engage in economic exchange are able to infer other people's motives and beliefs to predict their actions, economists have not yet become interested in the neural mechanisms that enable people to make inferences about other's mental and motivational states. However, the fields of social neuroscience and neuroeconomics have started to investigate our ability to represent others’ intentions and beliefs, referred to as “mentalizing” or “Theory of Mind” (ToM), and to share others' feelings and motivational states, referred to as “empathy”. Following an introduction to the field of social neuroscience, a clarification of concepts and a summary of major findings concerning the neural basis of mentalizing and empathizing are provided. Next, other social emotions closely related to empathy, such as compassion, and social emotions opposing empathy, such as schadenfreude, are introduced. Finally, future research questions are outlined and are discussed in light of their implications for neuroeconomics and human prosociality in general.

The Social Net

The Social Net
Author: Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2013-02-07
ISBN 10: 019963954X
ISBN 13: 9780199639540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Social Net Book Review:

How do people fall in love on the Internet? Why is cyberspace such a violent place? This volume answers these and many other questions, focusing on the psychological well-being of Internet users and the commercial benefits of understanding online behaviour.

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy
Author: Jon-Arild Johannessen
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2019-07-11
ISBN 10: 1789738598
ISBN 13: 9781789738599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy Book Review:

Since the 1980s, society has undergone enormous change. And yet management styles have stayed the same, not adapting to the change in focus from efficiency and productivity, to creativity and innovation. Here, leading innovation expert Jon-Arild Johannessen offers a replacement to traditional goal-driven management and New Public Management (NPM).

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Martin Reuter,Christian Montag
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2016-10-06
ISBN 10: 364235923X
ISBN 13: 9783642359231
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Book Review:

This book represents one of the cornerstones of the series Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. It is divided into eight sections, starting with an introduction to neuroeconomics followed by an overview of frequently applied experimental paradigms (games) in neuroeconomics research. Furthermore, it addresses the molecular basis of human decision making, environmental/situational factors and social contexts influencing human decision making, as well as translational and developmental/clinical approaches to neuroeconomics. In closing, a paper on neuro-marketing demonstrates how knowledge from neuroeconomics research can be applied in “real life.” Culminating in an extensive methods section, in which eight different neuroscience techniques are introduced, the book offers an essential resource for researchers and practitioners, and may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Daniel Houser,Kevin McCabe
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2008-12-01
ISBN 10: 1848553048
ISBN 13: 9781848553040
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Book Review:

Considers the various topics in health economics including the production of and demand for health; the demand for medical care services; the financing of these services; the markets for physicians, nurses, dentists, hospitals, and drugs; the economics of substance use; health in developing countries; and, the economics of medical technology.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics
Author: Molly J. Crockett,Ernst Fehr
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2013-08-13
ISBN 10: 0128073217
ISBN 13: 9780128073216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics Book Review:

In this chapter we present a survey of studies employing pharmacological manipulations in humans to elucidate the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying the neuromodulation of economic and social preferences. We will review research examining the effects of changes in neurotransmitters (including serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline) and hormones (such as oxytocin and testosterone) on human decision making. Recent studies have shown these neuromodulatory systems to play a key role in shaping time, risk, and social preferences. We will consider how the involvement of these evolutionarily ancient chemical systems in basic learning and affective processes scales up to impact complex decision making in economic and social settings.

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy
Author: Manuel F. Casanova,Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2018-09-14
ISBN 10: 2889456161
ISBN 13: 9782889456161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy Book Review:

The final volume in this tripartite series on Brain Augmentation is entitled “From Clinical Applications to Ethical Issues and Futuristic Ideas”. Many of the articles within this volume deal with translational efforts taking the results of experiments on laboratory animals and applying them to humans. In many cases, these interventions are intended to help people with disabilities in such a way so as to either restore or extend brain function. Traditionally, therapies in brain augmentation have included electrical and pharmacological techniques. In contrast, some of the techniques discussed in this volume add specificity by targeting select neural populations. This approach opens the door to where and how to promote the best interventions. Along the way, results have empowered the medical profession by expanding their understanding of brain function. Articles in this volume relate novel clinical solutions for a host of neurological and psychiatric conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), traumatic brain injury, and disorders of consciousness. In disease, symptoms and signs denote a departure from normal function. Brain augmentation has now been used to target both the core symptoms that provide specificity in the diagnosis of a disease, as well as other constitutional symptoms that may greatly handicap the individual. The volume provides a report on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in ASD with reported improvements of core deficits (i.e., executive functions). TMS in this regard departs from the present-day trend towards symptomatic treatment that leaves unaltered the root cause of the condition. In diseases, such as schizophrenia, brain augmentation approaches hold promise to avoid lengthy pharmacological interventions that are usually riddled with side effects or those with limiting returns as in the case of Parkinson’s disease. Brain stimulation can also be used to treat auditory verbal hallucination, visuospatial (hemispatial) neglect, and pain in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The brain acts as a telecommunication transceiver wherein different bandwidth of frequencies (brainwave oscillations) transmit information. Their baseline levels correlate with certain behavioral states. The proper integration of brain oscillations provides for the phenomenon of binding and central coherence. Brain augmentation may foster the normalization of brain oscillations in nervous system disorders. These techniques hold the promise of being applied remotely (under the supervision of medical personnel), thus overcoming the obstacle of travel in order to obtain healthcare. At present, traditional thinking would argue the possibility of synergism among different modalities of brain augmentation as a way of increasing their overall effectiveness and improving therapeutic selectivity. Thinking outside of the box would also provide for the implementation of brain-to-brain interfaces where techniques, proper to artificial intelligence, could allow us to surpass the limits of natural selection or enable communications between several individual brains sharing memories, or even a global brain capable of self-organization. Not all brains are created equal. Brain stimulation studies suggest large individual variability in response that may affect overall recovery/treatment, or modify desired effects of a given intervention. The subject’s age, gender, hormonal levels may affect an individual’s cortical excitability. In addition, this volume discusses the role of social interactions in the operations of augmenting technologies. Finally, augmenting methods could be applied to modulate consciousness, even though its neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Finally, this volume should be taken as a debate on social, moral and ethical issues on neurotechnologies. Brain enhancement may transform the individual into someone or something else. These techniques bypass the usual routes of accommodation to environmental exigencies that exalted our personal fortitude: learning, exercising, and diet. This will allow humans to preselect desired characteristics and realize consequent rewards without having to overcome adversity through more laborious means. The concern is that humans may be playing God, and the possibility of an expanding gap in social equity where brain enhancements may be selectively available to the wealthier individuals. These issues are discussed by a number of articles in this volume. Also discussed are the relationship between the diminishment and enhancement following the application of brain-augmenting technologies, the problem of “mind control” with BMI technologies, free will the duty to use cognitive enhancers in high-responsibility professions, determining the population of people in need of brain enhancement, informed public policy, cognitive biases, and the hype caused by the development of brain- augmenting approaches.

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process
Author: Christiansen, Bryan
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2016-03-17
ISBN 10: 1466699906
ISBN 13: 9781466699908
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process Book Review:

Neuroeconomics has emerged as a field of study with the goal of understanding the human decision-making process and the mental consideration of multiple outcomes based on a selected action. In particular, neuroeconomics emphasizes how economic conditions can impact and influence the decision-making process and alternately, how human actions have the power to impact economic conditions. Neuroeconomics and the Decision-Making Process presents the latest research on the relationship between neuroscience, economics, and human decision-making, including theoretical foundations, real-world applications, and models for implementation. Taking a cross-disciplinary approach to neuroeconomic theory and study, this publication is an essential reference source for economists, psychologists, business professionals, and graduate-level students across disciplines.

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research
Author: Gigi Foster
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2019-02-08
ISBN 10: 0128130938
ISBN 13: 9780128130933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research Book Review:

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research: Theory and Practice demonstrates the use of biophysical measurement in laboratory-based experimental social science research and the ways biophysical measures can inform analyses of human behavior. Noting the practical limitations of laboratory-based biophysical measurement, its contributors provide hands-on guidance about biophysical measurement devices. Its Introductory and concluding chapters address ethics, measurement options, and historical and scientific contexts. Highlighting examples of device adoption in experimental social science lab settings, this book makes these tools understandable and accessible to all. Demonstrates the strengths and limitations of tools in both research objectives and practicality Provides hands-on guidance for device usage and data implementation, integration and assessment Compares and contrasts the uses of biophysical data in research objectives and disciplines

Positive Neuroscience

Positive Neuroscience
Author: Joshua D. Greene,India Morrison,Martin E. P. Seligman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-05-10
ISBN 10: 0199977941
ISBN 13: 9780199977949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Positive Neuroscience Book Review:

How do we thrive in our behaviors and experiences? Positive neuroscience research illuminates the brain mechanisms that enable human flourishing. Supported by the John Templeton Foundation's Positive Neuroscience Project, which Martin E. P. Seligman established in 2008, Positive Neuroscience provides an intersection between neuroscience and positive psychology. In this edited volume, leading researchers describe the neuroscience of social bonding, altruism, and the capacities for resilience and creativity. Part I (Social Bonds) describes the mechanisms that enable humans to connect with one another. Part II (Altruism) focuses on the neural mechanisms underlying the human ability and willingness to confer costly benefits on others. Part III (Resilience and Creativity) examines the mechanisms by which human brains overcome adversity, create, and discover. Specific topics include: a newly discovered nerve type that appears to be specialized for emotional communication; the effects of parenting on the male brain; how human altruism differs from that of other primates; the neural features of extraordinary altruists who have donated kidneys to strangers; and distinctive patterns of brain wiring that endow some people with exceptional musical abilities. Accessible to a broad academic audience, from advanced undergraduates to senior scholars, these subjects have generated a fascinating and highly convergent set of ideas and results, shaping our understanding of human nature.

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis
Author: Sanjit Dhami
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-07-15
ISBN 10: 0192606492
ISBN 13: 9780192606495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis Book Review:

This seventh volume of The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis covers a range of topics in behavioral economics. It is an essential guide for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students seeking a concise and focused text that explores the key areas of emotions in economics, behavioral welfare economics, and neuroeconomics. This updated extract from Dhami's leading textbook allows the reader to pursue subsections of this vast and rapidly growing field and to tailor their reading to their specific interests in behavioral economics.

Neuroeconomic Foundations of Trust and Social Preferences

Neuroeconomic Foundations of Trust and Social Preferences
Author: Ernst Fehr,Urs Fischbacher,Michael Kosfeld
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 13
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:254766171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroeconomic Foundations of Trust and Social Preferences Book Review:

Economics and Psychology

Economics and Psychology
Author: Ludwig-Maximilians Universität. Center for Economic Studies. Institute for Economic Research. Seminars (München)
Publsiher: Mit Press
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015068804460
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics and Psychology Book Review:

The integration of economics and psychology has created a vibrant and fruitfulemerging field of study. The essays in Economics and Psychology take a broad view of the interfacebetween these two disciplines, going beyond the usual focus on "behavioral economics." As documentedin this volume, the influence of psychology on economics has been responsible for a view of humanbehavior that calls into question the assumption of complete rationality (and raises the possibilityof altruistic acts), the acceptance of experiments as a valid method of economic research, and theidea that utility or well-being can be measured.The contributors, all leading researchers in thefield, offer state-of-the-art discussions of such topics as pro-social behavior and the role ofconditional cooperation and trust, happiness research as an empirical tool, the potential ofneuroeconomics as a way to deepen understanding of individual decision making, and proceduralutility as a concept that captures the well-being people derive directly from the processes andconditions leading to outcomes. Taken together, the essays in Economics and Psychology offer anassessment of where this new interdisciplinary field stands and what directions are most promisingfor future research, providing a useful guide for economists, psychologists, and socialscientists.

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics
Author: Jermo Van Nes,Patrick Nullens,Steven C. van den Heuvel
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030846903
ISBN 13: 9783030846909
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics Book Review:

This open access book offers a multidisciplinary dialogue on relational anthropology in contemporary economics. A particular view of the human being is often assumed in economic models, but seldom acknowledged let alone explicated. Addressing this neglected area of research in economic studies, altogether the contributors touch upon the importance and potential of virtues, the notions of freedom and self-love, the potential of simulation models, the dialectics of love, and questions of methodology in constructing a relational anthropology for contemporary economics. The overall result is a highly informative and constructive dialogue, establishing inter alia a research agenda for future collaborative and multidisciplinary study.

Handbook of Psychology Personality and Social Psychology

Handbook of Psychology  Personality and Social Psychology
Author: Theodore Millon,Melvin J. Lerner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2003-06-02
ISBN 10: 0471264466
ISBN 13: 9780471264460
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Psychology Personality and Social Psychology Book Review:

Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.