Neural Repair and Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury and Spine Trauma

Neural Repair and Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury and Spine Trauma
Author: Michael Fehlings,Brian Kwon,Alexander Vaccaro,F. Cumhur Oner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2022-02-17
ISBN 10: 0128198362
ISBN 13: 9780128198360
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Repair and Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury and Spine Trauma Book Review:

Neural Repair and Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury and Spine Trauma provides readers with a comprehensive overview on the most up-to-date strategies to repair and regenerate the injured spinal cord following SCI and spine trauma. With contributions by international authors, chapters put regenerative approaches in context, allowing the reader to understand the challenges and future directions of regenerative therapies. Recent clinical trial advancements are thoroughly discussed, with the impact of trial findings addressed. Additionally, major ongoing clinical trials are included with thoughts from experts in the field. Recent clinical practice guidelines for the management of traumatic spinal cord injury are featured throughout. These guidelines are quickly being adopted as the standard of care worldwide, and the comprehensive information found within this book will place these recommendations in context with current knowledge surrounding spinal cord injury and spine trauma. Contains contributions by international authors Covers recent clinical trial advancements and findings and updates on ongoing trials Presents an overview of clinical practice guidelines for the management of traumatic spinal cord injury featured Provides the reader with insights regarding the translation of research from bench to bedside and the skills needed to understand the translational pathway using real-life examples

Spinal Cord Injury SCI Repair Strategies

Spinal Cord Injury  SCI  Repair Strategies
Author: Giuseppe Perale,Filippo Rossi
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2019-10-30
ISBN 10: 0081028083
ISBN 13: 9780081028087
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spinal Cord Injury SCI Repair Strategies Book Review:

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Repair Strategies provides researchers the latest information on potential regenerative approaches to spinal cord injury, specifically focusing on therapeutic approaches that target regeneration, including cell therapies, controlled drug delivery systems, and biomaterials. Dr. Giuseppe Perale and Dr. Filippo Rossi lead a team of authoritative authors in academia and industry in this innovative reference on the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. This book presents all the information readers need to understand the current and potential array of techniques, materials, applications and their benefits for spinal cord repair. Covers current and future repair strategies for spinal cord injury repair Focuses on key research trends, clinics, biology and engineering Provides fundamentals on regenerative engineering and tissue engineering

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation
Author: Michael Selzer,Stephanie Clarke,Leonardo Cohen,Gert Kwakkel,Robert Miller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2014-04-24
ISBN 10: 1107011671
ISBN 13: 9781107011670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation Book Review:

Volume 1 of the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation covers the basic sciences relevant to recovery of function following injury to the nervous system.

Indwelling Neural Implants

Indwelling Neural Implants
Author: William M. Reichert
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2007-12-17
ISBN 10: 9781420009309
ISBN 13: 1420009303
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indwelling Neural Implants Book Review:

Despite enormous advances made in the development of external effector prosthetics over the last quarter century, significant questions remain, especially those concerning signal degradation that occurs with chronically implanted neuroelectrodes. Offering contributions from pioneering researchers in neuroprosthetics and tissue repair, Indwelling Neural Implants: Strategies for Contending with the In Vivo Environment examines many of these challenges, paying particular attention to how the healing of tissues surrounding an implant can impact the intended use of a device. The contributions are divided into four sections · Part one examines wound healing from the initial insertion trauma through the inflammatory and repair process, explaining how the action of healing varies throughout different areas of the body. · Part two considers various performance issues specific to particular implant components, including those that arise from the chemical, mechanical, thermal, and electrical impact on surrounding tissues. It discusses challenges that result from chronic tissue stimulation and heat effects that occur with on-chip and telemetric processing. · Part three presents both in vitro and in vivo approaches to assessing wound healing response to materials. It includes the contribution of the developer of a chronic hollow fiber membrane implant who explains how an in vivo model is used to assess molecular transport in brain tissue surrounding the implant. · The final section evaluates molecular and materials strategies for intervening in CNS wound repair and enhancing the electrical communication between the electrode surface and the surrounding tissue. It also presents novel approaches to nerve regeneration and repair. This seminal work provides researchers with an up-to-date account of the progress in the field that they can build upon to bring us closer to realizing the full value of neural implants in combating otherwise intractable human health problems.

Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma

Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma
Author: Alexander R. Vaccaro,Michael G. Fehlings
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2011-01-01
ISBN 10: 1604062223
ISBN 13: 9781604062229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma Book Review:

Representing the collective efforts of a multinational, multidisciplinary panel of spine and spinal cord trauma masters, this beautifully illustrated evidence-based textbook does more than provide multiple treatment options -- it offers unique access to insights from recognized spine experts and a thoughtful yet practical review of the most relevant literature and clinical evidence available in the field today. Each chapter centers on pertinent questions and objective reviews of state-of-the-art procedures that guide readers from an evaluation of the evidence through practical recommendations they can easily apply to their own practices. Features: Succinct outline format -- easy to read and reference 138 detailed evidentiary tables appear throughout the text An innovative new classification system for spine trauma developed by The Spine Trauma Study Group, composed of 50 internationally recognized spine experts High-quality radiographs and full-color drawings and photographs complement the text Practical recommendations for the treatment of many common spinal injuries, including odontoid fractures, central cord injuries, and thoraco-lumbar flexion distraction injuries --in-depth information on everything from intensive care to rehabilitation Accompanying MediaCenter web content contains 15 narrated videos -- over one hour of footage -- of actual procedures by the authors Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma: Evidence-Based Management is an invaluable reference for orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, residents and fellows in those specialties, and allied health professionals who care for spine injury patients.

Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury
Author: National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness (U.S.). Information Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 32
Release: 1968
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: SRLF:A0012725065
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Committee on Spinal Cord Injury
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2005-08-27
ISBN 10: 0309095859
ISBN 13: 9780309095853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

An estimated 11,000 spinal cord injuries occur each year in the United States and more than 200,000 Americans suffer from maladies associated with spinal cord injury. This includes paralysis, bowel and bladder dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, respiratory impairment, temperature regulation problems, and chronic pain. During the last two decades, longstanding beliefs about the inability of the adult central nervous system to heal itself have been eroded by the flood of new information from research in the neurosciences and related fields. However, there are still no cures and the challenge of restoring function in the wake of spinal cord injuries remains extremely complex. Spinal Cord Injury examines the future directions for research with the goal to accelerate the development of cures for spinal cord injuries. While many of the recommendations are framed within the context of the specific needs articulated by the New York Spinal Cord Injury Research Board, the Institute of Medicine’s panel of experts looked very broadly at research priorities relating to future directions for the field in general and make recommendations to strengthen and coordinate the existing infrastructure. Funders at federal and state agencies, academic organizations, pharmaceutical and device companies, and non-profit organizations will all find this book to be an essential resource as they examine their opportunities.

AOSpine Masters Series Volume 7 Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration

AOSpine Masters Series  Volume 7  Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration
Author: Luiz Roberto Gomes Vialle,Michael G. Fehlings,Norbert Weidner
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2016-10-30
ISBN 10: 1626232288
ISBN 13: 9781626232280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AOSpine Masters Series Volume 7 Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration Book Review:

World-renowned experts share the latest updates in translational research as well as surgical and nonsurgical strategies for treating spinal cord injury Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating, clinically challenging injury, leading to varying degrees of neurological function impairment and paralysis. Underlying biological mechanisms either inhibit or promote new growth in the spinal cord. Researchers have been making important discoveries about how neurons and their axons grow in the central nervous system and why they fail to regenerate after SCI. Although progress has been steady, there remains an urgent need to address issues in acute management such as early decompression and the use of biologics, as well as potential solutions for regeneration. Written by renowned experts in the ever-evolving field of SCI research and clinical practice, the 7th volume in the AOSpine Masters series is a state-of-the-art compendium on the latest in SCI diagnosis, spine surgery interventions, and long-term management. Each chapter contains pearls from leading spine specialists gleaned from the research laboratory and years of hands-on experience treating SCI patients in the emergency setting and long term. Key Features: Pathobiology, assessment, and diagnostic considerations The use of biomarkers as predictors of functional recovery Surgical and nonsurgical interventions for traumatic SCI The role of neural stem cells and biologics in spinal cord repair Functional and epidural stimulation and brain-computer interfaces The AOSpine Masters series, a copublication of Thieme and the AOSpine Foundation, addresses current clinical issues featuring international masters sharing their expertise in the core areas in the field. The goal of the series is to contribute to an evolving, dynamic model of evidence-based approach to spine care. This essential textbook delivers invaluable insights to spine surgeons, spinal cord injury clinicians and researchers and trainees, from translational researchers to experienced researchers and clinicians experienced in the operative and non-operative management of spinal cord injury.

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Cristina Morganti-Kossmann,Ramesh Raghupathi,Andrew Maas
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012-07-19
ISBN 10: 1139536354
ISBN 13: 9781139536356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury comprehensively covers the medical and pathological issues related to neurotrauma and its often devastating consequences. Written by globally renowned experts in the field, both clinicians and researchers will find this book invaluable to update their knowledge. This volume is divided into two sections, one covering the brain, the other the spinal cord. Each section discusses the following topics: • The demographic in the developed and developing world where neurotrauma is witnessing a massive expansion • Major clinical issues including advanced semi-experimental monitoring techniques utilized by neurosurgeons and intensivists and the potential use of identifying markers of tissue injury • Overview of major pathophysiological changes • The development of animal models; successes and limitations • Past, current and future therapeutic strategies including rehabilitative opportunities. Presenting the most up-to-date clinical and experimental research in neurotrauma, this volume is essential reading for neurologists, neurosurgeons, intensive care physicians and rehabilitative physicians.

Neuroprotection

Neuroprotection
Author: Matilde Otero-Losada,Francisco Capani,Santiago Perez Lloret
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2020-11-26
ISBN 10: 1838804390
ISBN 13: 9781838804398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroprotection Book Review:

Neurological disease affects nearly 25%–30% of the world’s population, exerting enormous financial strain on the healthcare system. Estimated current costs are around $800 annual billion, and this number is expected to increase exponentially as the global population ages. As such, new and alternative neuroprotective strategies are urgently needed. This book examines some of the most promising approaches in neuroprotection as well as discusses current goals and prospects. Organized into three sections, chapters cover such topics as the use of cannabinoids, medicinal plants, and essential oils in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s; protein misfolding and the neuroprotective potential of vitamin E in cerebral ischemia; and potential new neurological treatments and their mechanisms of action.

Cervical Myelopathy An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America E Book

Cervical Myelopathy  An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America  E Book
Author: Michael G. Fehlings,Junichi Mizuno
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-12-01
ISBN 10: 0323570666
ISBN 13: 9780323570664
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cervical Myelopathy An Issue of Neurosurgery Clinics of North America E Book Book Review:

This issue of Neurosurgery Clinics, edited by Dr. Michael G. Fehlings and Dr. Junichi Mizuno, focuses on Cervical Myelopathy. Topics include, but are not limited to, Epidemiology and overview of the clinical spectrum of degenerative cervical myelopathy; Pathobiology of degenerative cervical myelopathy; Natural history of degenerative cervical myelopathy; Imaging evaluation of degenerative cervical myelopathy: current state of the art and future directions; Pathophysiology of CPPD and OYL(OLF); Radiological evaluation of OPLL with dural ossification; Relationship of OALL, OPLL and OYL (OLF); Importance of sagittal alignment of the cervical spine in the management of degenerative cervical myelopathy; Anterior cervical options to manage degenerative cervical myelopathy; Laminectomy with or without fusion to manage degenerative cervical myelopathy; History and evolution of laminoplasty; Prediction of outcomes in managing degenerative cervical myelopathy; Neurological complications in managing degenerative cervical myelopathy; Options to manage the patient with mild degenerative cervical myelopathy; Management of the patient with cervical cord compression but no evidence of myelopathy; Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring for CDD; Future Directions and New Technology, and more!

Recovery of Motor Function Following Spinal Cord Injury

Recovery of Motor Function Following Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Heidi Fuller,Monte Gates
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2016-08-17
ISBN 10: 9535124978
ISBN 13: 9789535124979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recovery of Motor Function Following Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

Restoration of motor function following spinal cord injury is a complex and challenging task. By reviewing emerging cellular, pharmacological, rehabilitative, as well as surgical approaches, this book seeks to highlight promising therapeutic strategies for the repair and regeneration of motor circuitry. The multidisciplinary nature of these approaches illustrates various routes to bridging the gap between the bench and the bedside and to identify the challenges that must be overcome in order to bring about a viable therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury patients.

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine
Author: Yannis Dionyssiotis
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2018-06-13
ISBN 10: 1789232481
ISBN 13: 9781789232486
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine Book Review:

Spinal cord injury is a severe condition leading to serious neurological dysfunctions and changes a person's life in a sudden way. Understanding the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury will improve the prognosis and reintegration to the society of spinal cord-injured subjects. The book Essentials in Spinal Cord Injury Medicine includes seven chapters with valuable information addressing hot topics related to spinal cord injury, ranging from pathophysiology, nontraumatic spinal cord injury, complications to exoskeletons, and research therapies with mesenchymal stem cells. The book could be a valued reference for physiatrists, neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurologists and physical therapists.

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Michael G. Fehlings,Alexander R. Vaccaro,Maxwell Boakye
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2012-10-29
ISBN 10: 1604067276
ISBN 13: 9781604067279
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

Essentials of Spinal Cord Injury is written for the spinal cord injury (SCI) team and reflects the multidisciplinary nature of treating patients with SCI. It integrates emerging medical and surgical approaches to SCI with neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuroimaging, neuroplasticity, and cellular transplantation. This comprehensive yet concise reference will enable neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurologists, and allied health professionals caring for SCI patients to translate research results into patient care. It is also an excellent resource for those preparing for the board exam in SCI medicine. Key Features: Material is cross-referenced to highlight relationships between the different areas of SCI Chapters are concise, focused, and include key points, pearls, and pitfalls An Overview of the Literature table is provided in most chapters, giving readers a meaningful distillation of each publication referenced Each editor is a world-renowned expert in one of these core disciplines involved in the management of SCI patients: neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, spinal cord science, and rehabilitative medicine This is a must-have guide that all neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, neurologists, and allied health professionals involved in the care of spinal cord injury patients should have on their bookshelf.

Management of Spinal Cord Injuries E Book

Management of Spinal Cord Injuries E Book
Author: Lisa Harvey
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2008-01-10
ISBN 10: 0702036153
ISBN 13: 9780702036156
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of Spinal Cord Injuries E Book Book Review:

Combining 25 years of clinical, research and teaching experience, Dr Lisa Harvey provides an innovative 5-step approach to the physiotherapy management of people with spinal cord injury. Based on the International Classification of Functioning, this approach emphasises the importance of setting goals which are purposeful and meaningful to the patient. These goals are related to performance of motor tasks analysed in terms of 6 key impairments. The assessment and treatment performance of each of these impairments for people with spinal cord injury is described in the following chapters: training motor tasks strength training contracture management pain management respiratory management cardiovascular fitness training Dr Harvey develops readers' problem-solving skills equipping them to manage all types of spinal cord injuries. Central to these skills is an understanding of how people with different patterns of paralysis perform motor tasks and the importance of differentmuscles for motor tasks such as: transfers and bed mobility of people wheelchair mobility hand function for people with tetraplegia standing and walking with lower limb paralysis This book is for students and junior physiotherapists with little or no experience in the area of spinal cord injury but with a general understanding of the principles of physiotherapy. It is also a useful tool for experienced clinicians, including those keen to explore the evidence base that supports different physiotherapy interventions.

Paraplegia

Paraplegia
Author: José Juan Antonio Ibarra Arias,Carlos Alberto Cuellar Ramos
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2021-05-12
ISBN 10: 1789855411
ISBN 13: 9781789855418
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paraplegia Book Review:

In the last decade, diverse research areas have developed novel approaches to overcome dysfunctions after a spinal cord injury (SCI). Even though motor restoration attracts the most clinical attention, sensory, autonomic, and mental health are also aspects fundamental to improving the quality of life of SCI patients. Over four sections of therapeutic, rehabilitation, and technological approaches, this book examines preclinical and clinical studies using mesenchymal stem cells and pharmacological or electrical stimulation strategies. Chapters also address the impact of paraplegia and associated loss of autonomic functions, including bowel and sexual dysfunction, as well as the convergence of new technologies aimed at providing postural support and enhancing mobility.

Neurological Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury

Neurological Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Norbert Weidner,Rüdiger Rupp,Keith Tansey
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 904
Release: 2017-01-06
ISBN 10: 9783319462912
ISBN 13: 3319462911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurological Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

This clinically focused book aims to cover for the first time all of the neurological aspects relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord disease. Furthermore, innovative neurorestorative therapeutic strategies - aiming for repair of the damaged spinal cord and/or reorganization of the remaining nervous system - with significant potential for translation into clinical routine are presented. The book covers a comprehensive list of topics, including epidemiology, neuroanatomy, etiology of compressive and non-compressive spinal cord injury, imaging, neurophysiology, neurological sequelae, and complications with emphasis on dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. Both clinically established and preclinical therapies are discussed in detail. The book is suited for trainees and practicing clinicians including neurologists, spine surgeons, rehabilitation specialists, neuroradiologists, and occupational/physical therapists; it will also be of value to neuroscientists involved in research into spinal cord disease.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Colin R. Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN 10: 0128224991
ISBN 13: 9780128224991
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury Book Review:

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury will enhance readers’ understanding of the complexities of the diagnosis and management of spinal cord injuries. Featuring chapters on drug delivery, exercise, and rehabilitation, this volume discusses in detail the impact of the clinical features, diagnosis, management, and long-term prognosis of spinal cord injuries on the lives of those affected. The book has applicability for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, and anyone working to better understand spinal cord injuries. Covers both the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord injury Contains chapter abstracts, key facts, dictionary, and summary points to aid in understanding Features chapters on epidemiology and pain Includes MRI usage, biomarkers, and stem cell and gene therapy for management of spinal cord injury Discusses pain reduction, drug delivery, and rehabilitation

Anesthesia for Spine Surgery

Anesthesia for Spine Surgery
Author: Ehab Farag
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2012-05-17
ISBN 10: 1107005310
ISBN 13: 9781107005310
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anesthesia for Spine Surgery Book Review:

A comprehensive guide to anesthesia specifically for spine surgery, explaining procedures from the point of view of both anesthesiologists and surgeons.

The Spinal Cord

The Spinal Cord
Author: Charles Watson,George Paxinos,Gulgun Kayalioglu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2009-11-27
ISBN 10: 9780080921389
ISBN 13: 0080921388
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Spinal Cord Book Review:

Many hundreds of thousands suffer spinal cord injuries leading to loss of sensation and motor function in the body below the point of injury. Spinal cord research has made some significant strides towards new treatment methods, and is a focus of many laboratories worldwide. In addition, research on the involvement of the spinal cord in pain and the abilities of nervous tissue in the spine to regenerate has increasingly been on the forefront of biomedical research in the past years. The Spinal Cord, a collaboration with the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation, is the first comprehensive book on the anatomy of the mammalian spinal cord. Tens of thousands of articles and dozens of books are published on this subject each year, and a great deal of experimental work has been carried out on the rat spinal cord. Despite this, there is no comprehensive and authoritative atlas of the mammalian spinal cord. Almost all of the fine details of spinal cord anatomy must be searched for in journal articles on particular subjects. This book addresses this need by providing both a comprehensive reference on the mammalian spinal cord and a comparative atlas of both rat and mouse spinal cords in one convenient source. The book provides a descriptive survey of the details of mammalian spinal cord anatomy, focusing on the rat with many illustrations from the leading experts in the field and atlases of the rat and the mouse spinal cord. The rat and mouse spinal cord atlas chapters include photographs of Nissl stained transverse sections from each of the spinal cord segments (obtained from a single unfixed spinal cord), detailed diagrams of each of the spinal cord segments pictured, delineating the laminae of Rexed and all other significant neuronal groupings at each level and photographs of additional sections displaying markers such as acetylcholinesterase (AChE), calbindin, calretinin, choline acetlytransferase, neurofilament protein (SMI 32), enkephalin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and neuronal nuclear protein (NeuN). The text provides a detailed account of the anatomy of the mammalian spinal cord and surrounding musculoskeletal elements The major topics addressed are: development of the spinal cord; the gross anatomy of the spinal cord and its meninges; spinal nerves, nerve roots, and dorsal root ganglia; the vertebral column, vertebral joints, and vertebral muscles; blood supply of the spinal cord; cytoarchitecture and chemoarchitecture of the spinal gray matter; musculotopic anatomy of motoneuron groups; tracts connecting the brain and spinal cord; spinospinal pathways; sympathetic and parasympathetic elements in the spinal cord; neuronal groups and pathways that control micturition; the anatomy of spinal cord injury in experimental animals; The atlas of the rat and mouse spinal cord has the following features: Photographs of Nissl stained transverse sections from each of 34 spinal segments for the rat and mouse; Detailed diagrams of each of the 34 spinal segments for rat and mouse, delineating the laminae of Rexed and all other significant neuronal groupings at each level. ; Alongside each of the 34 Nissl stained segments, there are additional sections displaying markers such as acetylcholinesterase, calbindin, calretinin, choline acetlytransferase, neurofilament protein (SMI 32), and neuronal nuclear protein (NeuN) All the major motoneuron clusters are identified in relation to the individual muscles or muscle groups they supply.