Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment

Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment
Author: Susheel Kalia
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2021-09-10
ISBN 10: 0128205415
ISBN 13: 9780128205419
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment Book Review:

Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment focuses on the recent development of novel polymeric adsorbents that are green and eco-friendly or biodegradable in nature. The book reviews the synthesis, properties and adsorption applications of natural and green polymer-based adsorbents. It discusses adsorption processes in biopolymer systems, remediation technologies developed to remove environmental pollutants, the usage of natural polymer-based cost-effective and green novel adsorbent materials for the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants, and the efficiency of functionalized polymers, nanosorbents, hydrogels, composites, graft copolymers in the sorption of various pollutants from the environment as well as from the industrial effluents. Researchers working on environmental remediation need a single book, where all data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment are discussed comprehensively. Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment addresses this need by providing world-wide leading experts' observations and research. So, this book is a valuable reference for early-career scientist, academic researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering and material science. Presents step-by-step review of processing and modification of natural polymers and their applications in water remediation Analyzes data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment, meanwhile provides world-wide experts' knowledge to pave the way for further research Includes extensive tables, graphs, figures, bibliographies and references to enhance key concepts

Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment

Natural Polymers   Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment
Author: Susheel Kalia
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2021-08-22
ISBN 10: 0128205423
ISBN 13: 9780128205426
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Polymers Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment Book Review:

Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment focuses on the recent development of novel polymeric adsorbents that are green and eco-friendly or biodegradable in nature. The book reviews the synthesis, properties and adsorption applications of natural and green polymer-based adsorbents. It discusses adsorption processes in biopolymer systems, remediation technologies developed to remove environmental pollutants, the usage of natural polymer-based cost-effective and green novel adsorbent materials for the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants, and the efficiency of functionalized polymers, nanosorbents, hydrogels, composites, graft copolymers in the sorption of various pollutants from the environment as well as from the industrial effluents. Researchers working on environmental remediation need a single book, where all data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment are discussed comprehensively. Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment addresses this need by providing world-wide leading experts’ observations and research. So, this book is a valuable reference for early-career scientist, academic researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering and material science. Presents step-by-step review of processing and modification of natural polymers and their applications in water remediation Analyzes data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment, meanwhile provides world-wide experts’ knowledge to pave the way for further research Includes extensive tables, graphs, figures, bibliographies and references to enhance key concepts

Green Composites

Green Composites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 617
Release: 2021-01-18
ISBN 10: 9811596433
ISBN 13: 9789811596438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Composites Book Review:

This book presents important developments in green chemistry, with a particular focus on composite materials chemistry. In recent years, natural polymers have generated much interest due to their unique morphology and physical properties. The book gives an introductory overview of green composites, and discusses their emerging interdisciplinary applications in various contemporary fields. The chapters, written by leading experts from industry and academia, cover different aspects of biodegradable green composites and natural polymers including their processing, manufacturing, properties, and applications. This book will be a valuable reference for beginners, researchers as well as industry professionals interested in biodegradable composites.

Green Adsorbents to Remove Metals Dyes and Boron from Polluted Water

Green Adsorbents to Remove Metals  Dyes and Boron from Polluted Water
Author: Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Eric Lichtfouse,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2020-08-31
ISBN 10: 3030474003
ISBN 13: 9783030474003
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Adsorbents to Remove Metals Dyes and Boron from Polluted Water Book Review:

This book reviews adsorption techniques to clean wastewater, with focus on pollution by dyes and heavy metals. Advanced adsorbents include carbon nanomaterials, biomass, cellulose, polymers, clay, composites and chelating materials.

Chitosan Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment

Chitosan Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment
Author: Abu Nasar
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2018-07-01
ISBN 10: 1945291753
ISBN 13: 9781945291753
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chitosan Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

Chitosan is a natural amino polymer. It is eco-friendly, biocompatible, biodegradable, cost-effective, easily available and has high potential to be utilized as an adsorbent. Because of their excellent chelating power, chitosan-based adsorbents have a very high ability to tightly bind the pollutants present in contaminated water and wastewater. Different heavy metals and toxic dyes can be effectively removed. Chapter 1 deals with the chemical, physical, physicochemical and mechanical properties of chitosan and chitosan-based materials. Adsorption data on the removal of heavy metals and different dyes have been compiled. Chapter 2 covers the utilization of chitosan and its derivatives for the adsorptive removal of mercury from water and wastewater. Chapter 3 describes novel chitosan-based nanocomposites for dye removal applications. Chapter 4 discusses the effect of different chitosan modifications on its structure and specific surface area. Chapter 5 covers the applications of chitin and chitosan-based adsorbents for the removal of natural dyes from wastewater. Chapter 6 highlights the adsorptive treatment of textile effluents using chemically modified chitosan as adsorbents. Chapter 7 reviews the applications of chitosan-based adsorbents for the removal of arsenicals. Chapter 8 centers on the adsorption capacity enhancement of chitosan by chemical modification. Chapter 9 focuses on the smart use of surfactants for the modification of chitosan and some other biomaterials and their subsequent use for the removal of contaminants from aqueous solutions. Chapter 10 reviews the use of chitosan-based nanocomposites as adsorbents for the removal of dyes from wastewater. Chapter 11 describes the preparation of uniformly distributed platinum nanoparticles decorated with graphene oxide-chitosan by employing a microwave-assisted method. The nanocomposite can be used for the removal of dye from aqueous solution.

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2018-02-19
ISBN 10: 0128110341
ISBN 13: 9780128110348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation Book Review:

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal
Author: Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2018-06-27
ISBN 10: 3319921118
ISBN 13: 9783319921112
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal Book Review:

This is the first volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. The first volume provides an overview of fundamentals and design of adsorption processes. For people who are new to the field, the book starts by two overview chapters presenting the principles and properties of wastewater treatment and adsorption processes. The book also provides a comprehensive source of knowledge on acid-base properties of biosorbents. It discusses fractal-like kinetic models for fluid-solid adsorption, reports on the chemical characterization of oxidized activated carbons for metal removal, and the use of magnetic biosorbents in water treatment. Furthermore, the thermodynamic properties of metals adsorption by green adsorbents, and biosorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organic pollutants are reviewed, and finally the recent trends and impact of nanomaterials as green adsorbent and potential catalysts for environmental applications are summarized. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment
Author: Nurudeen A. Oladoja,Emmanuel I. Unuabonah,OMOTAYO S. AMUDA,Olatunji M. Kolawole
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 110
Release: 2017-05-16
ISBN 10: 3319565990
ISBN 13: 9783319565996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

This brief critically reviews the structure and applications of polysaccharide based materials as a green and sustainable resource in water and water treatment operations. The authors present a fascinating insight into the application of this renewable resource in water and wastewater treatment operations approached from multiple perspectives: mechanistic insight into the coagulation efficiency of polysaccharides based coagulants; progress and prospects of polysaccharide composites as adsorbent for water and wastewater treatment; structural modifications of polysaccharides for enhanced performance as adsorbents; tuning polysaccharides framework for optimal coagulation efficiency; and tapping into microbial polysaccharides for water and wastewater purifications.This brief is aimed at professionals active in the science and engineering aspects of water and wastewater treatment operations.

Water Formed Deposits

Water Formed Deposits
Author: Zahid Amjad,Konstantinos D. Demadis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2022-03-24
ISBN 10: 012823086X
ISBN 13: 9780128230862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Formed Deposits Book Review:

Water-Formed Deposits: Fundamentals and Mitigation Strategies wholly presents the important issue of deposits in aqueous systems, both industrial and biological. By analyzing causes, mechanisms and mitigation strategies, the book helps researchers/engineers/end-users gain a fundamental understanding of the issues underlying deposit formation and mitigation. It covers numerous, fundamental aspects of water-formed deposits, while also giving an applications’ perspective. The book's goal is to assist the reader in his/her understanding of the important issues of scale formation, while also helping with potential solutions. Provides a fundamental understanding of deposit formation by presenting basic science and mechanisms Presents an “applications perspective Reveals a systematic overview of deposit-related challenges and their mitigation Correlates structure to performance in mitigation strategies Analyzes current legal aspects and regulations Includes case studies from the “real industrial world for the industrial reader/end user

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Author: Saroj Kumar Acharya,Dipti Prasad Mishra
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1018
Release: 2021-03-17
ISBN 10: 9813347953
ISBN 13: 9789813347953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering Book Review:

This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering Research and Development (ICRAMERD 2020). The contents focus on latest research and current problems in various branches of mechanical engineering. Some of the topics discussed here include fracture and failure analysis, fuels and alternative fuels, combustion and IC engines, advanced manufacturing technologies, powder metallurgy and rapid prototyping, industrial engineering and automation, supply chain management, design of mechanical systems, vibrations and control engineering, automobile engineering, fluid mechanics and machines, heat transfer, composite materials, micro and nano-engineering for energy storage and conversion, and modeling and simulations. The wide range of topics presented in this book can make it useful for beginners, researchers as well as professionals in mechanical engineering.

Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation

Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation
Author: Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN 10: 1839165294
ISBN 13: 9781839165290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation Book Review:

Functional and structural nanomaterials are emerging materials that display interesting physical and chemical properties because of their size and surface area to volume ratio. Applications for these materials include uses in removing pollutants from the environment. Looking at the current state-of-the-art as well as future trends in the use of nanomaterials for tackling environmental issues this book covers everything from the synthesis and characterisation of these materials to their use in the removal of specific contaminants. Functional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation is a useful resource both for nanomaterial scientists interested in the real world application of hybrid nanomaterials and for environmental chemists and environmental engineers interested in novel materials for environmental remediation.

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Author: Dr. Inamuddin,Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2021-06-02
ISBN 10: 0128232846
ISBN 13: 9780128232842
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science Book Review:

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Biosurfactants for the Bioremediation of Polluted Environments explores the use of biosurfactants in remediation initiatives, reviewing knowledge surrounding the creation and application of biosurfactants for addressing issues related to the release of toxic substances in ecosystems. Sections cover their production, assessment and optimization for bioremediation, varied pollutant degradation applications, and a range of contaminants and ecological sites. As awareness and efforts to develop greener products and processes continues to grow, biosurfactants are garnering more attention for the potential roles they can play in reducing the use and production of more toxic products. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert team of global contributors, this book provides useful insights for all those currently or potentially interested in developing or applying biosurfactants in their own work. Provides an accessible introduction to biosurfactant chemistry Highlights the optimization, modeling, prediction and kinetics of key factors supporting biosurfactant-enhanced biodegradation processes Explores a wide range of biosurfactant applications for remediation and degradation of pollutants

Applications of Advanced Green Materials

Applications of Advanced Green Materials
Author: Shakeel Ahmed
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 804
Release: 2020-10-22
ISBN 10: 0128209380
ISBN 13: 9780128209387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Advanced Green Materials Book Review:

Applications of Advanced Green Materials provides a comprehensive and authoritative review on recent advancement in green materials in various applications. Each chapter is focused on a specific application of advanced green materials from packaging to sensor technology, biomedical to environmental applications, textile to catalysis to electronic shielding applications, supercapacitors, drug delivery, tissue engineering, bioelectronic, gas storage and separation, etc. This book also discusses life cycle assessment and circular economy of green materials and their future prospective. The book is unique with contributions from renowned scientists working on biopolymers and biocomposites, bioactive and biodegradable materials, composites, and metallic natural materials. This book is an essential resource for academicians, researchers, students and professionals interested in exploring potential of advanced green materials. Includes up to date information on applications of advanced green materials Each chapter is specifically discussing a particular application with examples Present a unified approach to discuss in detail about origin, synthesis and application of green materials

Petroleum Industry Wastewater

Petroleum Industry Wastewater
Author: Muftah H. El-Naas,Aditi Banerjee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2022-03-15
ISBN 10: 0323858856
ISBN 13: 9780323858854
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Petroleum Industry Wastewater Book Review:

Petroleum Industry Wastewater: Advanced and Sustainable Treatment Methods discusses the status of different approaches and advanced processes involved in the treatment of petrochemical and petroleum industry wastewater. The book focuses on advanced, sustainable, and environmentally friendly technologies for removing toxic pollutants from contaminated waters. The book also explores the environmental aspects and impacts of the petroleum industry discharge wastewater, their effect on aquatic life, and possible ways to deal with these effects. Keeping the global water crisis and fast depletion of natural fresh water in mind, more immediate knowledge, information, implication, and effective utilization of available resources are required than we anticipated. The book brings a wide range of methodologies and perspectives under one roof in a comprehensive manner. Describes advanced strategies and methods involved in petroleum industry water treatment Deals with ways to treat discharged water through cutting-edge technologies Presents an overview of pollutant degradation in industrial wastewater Highlights advanced and technological know-how for a variety of applications

Environmental Chemistry and Recent Pollution Control Approaches

Environmental Chemistry and Recent Pollution Control Approaches
Author: Hugo Saldarriaga-Noreña,Mario Alfonso Murillo-Tovar,Robina Farooq,Rajendra Dongre,Sara Riaz
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2019-12-18
ISBN 10: 1839680628
ISBN 13: 9781839680625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Chemistry and Recent Pollution Control Approaches Book Review:

In recent years, there have been significant advances in the techniques of sampling and analysis, which has allowed the more accurate recording of environmental levels of many substances present in the environment. At the same time, processes for the remediation of contaminated matrices have evolved, through the application and/or combination of biological, physical, and chemical procedures.The purpose of this book is to present new studies aimed at determining levels of environmental pollution in various parts of the world. It also shows new alternatives for the remediation of contaminated matrices.

Advanced Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation of Water

Advanced Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation of Water
Author: Swapnila Roy
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030838110
ISBN 13: 9783030838119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation of Water Book Review:

Chitin and Chitosan

Chitin and Chitosan
Author: Lambertus A. M. van den Broek,Carmen G. Boeriu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2019-11-26
ISBN 10: 1119450497
ISBN 13: 9781119450498
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chitin and Chitosan Book Review:

Offers a comprehensive guide to the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. These promising biomaterials have the potential to be broadly applied and there is a growing market for these biopolymers in areas such as medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, agricultural, textile, cosmetics, nanoparticles and more. The authors – noted experts in the field – explore the isolation, characterization and the physical and chemical properties of chitin and chitosan. They also examine their properties such as hydrogels, immunomodulation and biotechnology, antimicrobial activity and chemical enzymatic modifications. The book offers an analysis of the myriad medical and pharmaceutical applications as well as a review of applications in other areas. In addition, the authors discuss regulations, markets and perspectives for the use of chitin and chitosan. This important book: Offers a thorough review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. Contains information on the wide-ranging applications and growing market demand for chitin and chitosan Includes a discussion of current regulations and the outlook for the future Written for Researchers in academia and industry who are working in the fields of chitin and chitosan, Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications offers a review of these promising biomaterials that have great potential due to their material properties and biological functionalities.

Bio Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials

Bio Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials
Author: Gianluca Tondi,Thomas Schnabel
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2020-05-20
ISBN 10: 303928925X
ISBN 13: 9783039289257
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials Book Review:

With daily signals, Nature is communicating us that its unconscious wicked exploitation is no more sustainable. Our socio-economic system focuses on production increasing without considering the consequences. We are intoxicating ourselves on a daily bases just to allow the system to perpetuate itself. The time to switch into more natural solutions is come and the scientific community is ready to offer more natural product with comparable performance then the market products we are used to deal with. This book collects a broad set of scientific examples in which research groups from all over the world, aim to replace fossil fuel-based solutions with biomass derived materials. In here, some of the most innovative developments in the field of bio-materials are reported considering topics which goes from biomass valorization to the synthesis of high preforming bio-based materials.

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Author: Shakeel Ahmed,Annu Tomer
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2021-06-03
ISBN 10: 0128216344
ISBN 13: 9780128216347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book Review:

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine explores novel uses of these in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This book offers an interdisplinary approach, combining chemical, biomedical engineering, materials science and pharmacological aspects of the characterization, synthesis and application of bionanocomposites. Chapters cover a broad selection of bionanocomposites including chitosan, alginate and more, which are utilized in tissue engineering, wound healing, bone repair, drug formulation, cancer therapy, drug delivery, cartilage regeneration and dental implants. Additional sections of Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discuss, in detail, the safety aspects and circular economy of bionanocomposites – offering an insight into the commercial and industrial aspects of these important materials. Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine will prove a highly useful text for for those in the fields of biomedical engineering, chemistry, pharmaceutics and materials science, both in academia and industrial R&D groups. Each bionanocomposite type is covered individually, providing specific and detailed information for each material Covers a range of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications, from dental and bone engineering to cancer therapy Offers an integrated approach, with contributions from authors across a variety of related disciplines, including biomedical engineering, chemistry and materials science

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications
Author: Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 724
Release: 2021-03-05
ISBN 10: 0323898912
ISBN 13: 9780323898911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications Book Review:

Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 2 reviews key uses of biopolymers and biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a range of key sustainability-focused applications. After providing contextual examples of applications across the fields of food science, biomedicine and biochemistry, the book goes on to explore further sustainability-focused applications of Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticles in such important areas as catalysis, environmental science, biosensing, and energy. Provides an overview of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a wide range of applications Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Explores the role of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for more sustainable catalytic processes