Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics

Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics
Author: Roberto Marquardt,Martin Quack
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128172355
ISBN 13: 9780128172353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics Book Review:

Molecular Spectroscopy and Quantum Dynamics, an exciting new work edited by Professors Martin Quack and Roberto Marquardt, contains comprehensive information on the current state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical methods and techniques used to unravel ultra-fast phenomena in atoms, molecules and condensed matter, along with future perspectives on the field. Contains new insights into the quantum dynamics and spectroscopy of electronic and nuclear motion Presents the most recent developments in the detection and interpretation of ultra-fast phenomena Includes a discussion of the importance of these phenomena for the understanding of chemical reaction dynamics and kinetics in relation to molecular spectra and structure

Molecular Quantum Dynamics

Molecular Quantum Dynamics
Author: Fabien Gatti
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2014-04-09
ISBN 10: 3642452906
ISBN 13: 9783642452901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Quantum Dynamics Book Review:

This book focuses on current applications of molecular quantum dynamics. Examples from all main subjects in the field, presented by the internationally renowned experts, illustrate the importance of the domain. Recent success in helping to understand experimental observations in fields like heterogeneous catalysis, photochemistry, reactive scattering, optical spectroscopy, or femto- and attosecond chemistry and spectroscopy underline that nuclear quantum mechanical effects affect many areas of chemical and physical research. In contrast to standard quantum chemistry calculations, where the nuclei are treated classically, molecular quantum dynamics can cover quantum mechanical effects in their motion. Many examples, ranging from fundamental to applied problems, are known today that are impacted by nuclear quantum mechanical effects, including phenomena like tunneling, zero point energy effects, or non-adiabatic transitions. Being important to correctly understand many observations in chemical, organic and biological systems, or for the understanding of molecular spectroscopy, the range of applications covered in this book comprises broad areas of science: from astrophysics and the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere, over elementary processes in chemistry, to biological processes (such as the first steps of photosynthesis or vision). Nevertheless, many researchers refrain from entering this domain. The book "Molecular Quantum Dynamics" offers them an accessible introduction. Although the calculation of large systems still presents a challenge - despite the considerable power of modern computers - new strategies have been developed to extend the studies to systems of increasing size. Such strategies are presented after a brief overview of the historical background. Strong emphasis is put on an educational presentation of the fundamental concepts, so that the reader can inform himself about the most important concepts, like eigenstates, wave packets, quantum mechanical resonances, entanglement, etc. The chosen examples highlight that high-level experiments and theory need to work closely together. This book thus is a must-read both for researchers working experimentally or theoretically in the concerned fields, and generally for anyone interested in the exciting world of molecular quantum dynamics.

Many Particle Quantum Dynamics in Atomic and Molecular Fragmentation

Many Particle Quantum Dynamics in Atomic and Molecular Fragmentation
Author: Joachim Ullrich,V.P. Shevelko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 515
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 3662084929
ISBN 13: 9783662084922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Many Particle Quantum Dynamics in Atomic and Molecular Fragmentation Book Review:

This is the first comprehensive treatment of the interactions of atoms and molecules with charged particles, photons and laser fields. Addressing the subject from a unified viewpoint, the volume reflects our present understanding of many-particle dynamics in rearrangement and fragmentation reactions.

The Semiclassical Way to Dynamics and Spectroscopy

The Semiclassical Way to Dynamics and Spectroscopy
Author: Eric J. Heller
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2018-06-05
ISBN 10: 1400890292
ISBN 13: 9781400890293
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Semiclassical Way to Dynamics and Spectroscopy Book Review:

A graduate-level text that examines the semiclassical approach to quantum mechanics Physical systems have been traditionally described in terms of either classical or quantum mechanics. But in recent years, semiclassical methods have developed rapidly, providing deep physical insight and computational tools for quantum dynamics and spectroscopy. In this book, Eric Heller introduces and develops this subject, demonstrating its power with many examples. In the first half of the book, Heller covers relevant aspects of classical mechanics, building from them the semiclassical way through the semiclassical limit of the Feynman path integral. The second half of the book applies this approach to various kinds of spectroscopy, such as molecular spectroscopy and electron imaging and quantum dynamical systems with an emphasis on tunneling. Adopting a distinctly time-dependent viewpoint, Heller argues for semiclassical theories from experimental and theoretical vantage points valuable to research in physics and chemistry. Featuring more than two hundred figures, the book provides a geometric, phase-space, and coordinate-space pathway to greater understanding. Filled with practical examples and applications, The Semiclassical Way to Dynamics and Spectroscopy is a comprehensive presentation of the tools necessary to successfully delve into this unique area of quantum mechanics. A comprehensive approach for using classical mechanics to do quantum mechanics More than two hundred figures to assist intuition Emphasis on semiclassical Green function and wave packet perspective, as well as tunneling and spectroscopy Chapters include quantum mechanics of classically chaotic systems, quantum scarring, and other modern dynamical topics

Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry

Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry
Author: Melvin W. Hanna,Melvin W.. Hanna
Publsiher: Addison Wesley Longman
Total Pages: 288
Release: 1969
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015016098736
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry Book Review:

Includes bibliographical references.

Molecular Excitation Dynamics and Relaxation

Molecular Excitation Dynamics and Relaxation
Author: Leonas Valkunas,Darius Abramavicius,Tomás Mancal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2013-10-04
ISBN 10: 3527653678
ISBN 13: 9783527653676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Excitation Dynamics and Relaxation Book Review:

This work brings together quantum theory and spectroscopy to convey excitation processes to advanced students and specialists wishing to conduct research and understand the entire fi eld rather than just single aspects. Written by experienced authors and recognized authorities in the field, this text covers numerous applications and offers examples taken from different disciplines. As a result, spectroscopists, molecular physicists, physical chemists, and biophysicists will all fi nd this a must-have for their research. Also suitable as supplementary reading in graduate level courses.

Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems

Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems
Author: Piotr Piecuch,Jean Maruani,Gerardo Delgado-Barrio,Stephen Wilson
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009-09-30
ISBN 10: 9048129850
ISBN 13: 9789048129850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems Book Review:

Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems, is a collection of contributions presenting recent theoretical and computational developments that provide new insights into the structure, properties, and behavior of a variety of atomic and molecular systems. This volume (subtitled “Dynamics, Spectroscopy, Clusters, and Nanostructures”) deals with the topics of “Quantum Dynamics and Spectroscopy”, “Complexes and Clusters”, and “Nanostructures and Complex Systems”. This volume is an invaluable resource for faculty, graduate students, and researchers interested in theoretical and computational chemistry and physics, physical chemistry and chemical physics, molecular spectroscopy, and related areas of science and engineering.

Handbook of High resolution Spectroscopy

Handbook of High resolution Spectroscopy
Author: Martin Quack,Frederic Merkt
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 2154
Release: 2011-09-26
ISBN 10: 0470066539
ISBN 13: 9780470066539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of High resolution Spectroscopy Book Review:

The field of High-Resolution Spectroscopy has been considerably extended and even redefined in some areas. Combining the knowledge of spectroscopy, laser technology, chemical computation, and experiments, Handbook of High-Resolution Spectroscopy provides a comprehensive survey of the whole field as it presents itself today, with emphasis on the recent developments. This essential handbook for advanced research students, graduate students, and researchers takes a systematic approach through the range of wavelengths and includes the latest advances in experiment and theory that will help and guide future applications. The first comprehensive survey in high-resolution molecular spectroscopy for over 15 years Brings together the knowledge of spectroscopy, laser technology, chemical computation and experiments Brings the reader up-to-date with the many advances that have been made in recent times Takes the reader through the range of wavelengths, covering all possible techniques such as Microwave Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, VIS, UV and VUV Combines theoretical, computational and experimental aspects Has numerous applications in a wide range of scientific domains Edited by two leaders in this field Provides an overview of rotational, vibration, electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy Volume 1 - Introduction: Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy Volume 2 - High-Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy: Methods and Results Volume 3 - Special Methods & Applications

Spectra and Dynamics of Small Molecules

Spectra and Dynamics of Small Molecules
Author: Robert W. Field
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2015-04-14
ISBN 10: 3319159585
ISBN 13: 9783319159584
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectra and Dynamics of Small Molecules Book Review:

These seven lectures are intended to serve as an introduction for beginning graduate students to the spectra of small molecules. The author succeeds in illustrating the concepts by using language and metaphors that capture and elegantly convey simple insights into dynamics that lie beyond archival molecular constants. The lectures can simultaneously be viewed as a collection of interlocking special topics that have fascinated the author and his students over the years. Though neither a textbook nor a scholarly monograph, the book provides an illuminating perspective that will benefit students and researchers alike.

Dynamics of Molecular Excitons

Dynamics of Molecular Excitons
Author: Seogjoo Jang
Publsiher: Nanophotonics
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2020-06
ISBN 10: 0081023359
ISBN 13: 9780081023358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics of Molecular Excitons Book Review:

Dynamics of Molecular Excitons provides a comprehensive, but concise description of major theories on the dynamics of molecular excitons, intended to serve as a self-contained resource on the topic. Designed to help those new to this area gain proficiency in this field, experts will also find the book useful in developing a deeper understanding of the subject. The starting point of the book is the standard microscopic definition of molecular Hamiltonians presented in commonly accepted modern quantum mechanical notations. Major assumptions and approximations involved in constructing Frenkel-type exciton Hamiltonians, which are well established, but are often hidden under arcane notations and approximations of old publications, are presented in detail. This will help quantum chemists understand the major assumptions involved in the definition of commonly used exciton models. Rate theories of exciton dynamics, such as Förster and Dexter theories and their modern generalizations, are presented in a unified and detailed manner. In addition, important aspects that are often neglected, such as local field effect and the role of fluctuating environments, are discussed. Various quantum dynamics methods allowing coherent dynamics of excitons are presented in a systematic manner in the context of quantum master equations or path integral formalisms. The author also provides a detailed theoretical explanation for the major spectroscopic techniques probing exciton dynamics, including modern two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy, with a critical assessment of the implications of these spectroscopic measurements. Finally, the book includes a brief overview of major applications including an explanation of organic photovoltaic materials and natural light harvesting complexes.

Spectroscopy Dynamics and Molecular Theory of Carbon Plasmas and Vapors

Spectroscopy  Dynamics and Molecular Theory of Carbon Plasmas and Vapors
Author: Laszlo Nemes,Stephan Irle,H. W. Kroto
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9812837647
ISBN 13: 9789812837646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopy Dynamics and Molecular Theory of Carbon Plasmas and Vapors Book Review:

This book is a stop-gap contribution to the science and technology of carbon plasmas and carbon vapors. It strives to cover two strongly related fields: the molecular quantum theory of carbon plasmas and carbon nanostructures; and the molecular and atomic spectroscopy of such plasmas and vapors. These two fields of research are strongly intertwined and thus reinforce one another.Even though the use of carbon nanostructures is increasing by the day and their practical uses are emerging, there is no modern review on carbon plasmas, especially from molecular theoretical and spectroscopic viewpoints. The importance of the present book is therefore great from both educational and practical aspects. This review might be the first step towards bringing such textbooks into existence for university education. Similarly, for applied and engineering works in carbon nanostructures, the book provides a theoretical salient point for technologists in the field.

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Rita Kakkar
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2015-05-14
ISBN 10: 1107063884
ISBN 13: 9781107063884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Book Review:

The book includes various spectroscopic techniques including atomic spectroscopy, pure rotational spectroscopy, vibrational spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules, Raman spectroscopy and electronic spectroscopy. Solved and unsolved exercises are provided throughout the book for easy understanding and better assessment.

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Jaan Laane
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 740
Release: 2011-08-11
ISBN 10: 9780080932378
ISBN 13: 0080932371
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy Book Review:

Much of what we know about atoms, molecules, and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. In this book we have collected together twenty chapters by eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting edge of molecular spectroscopy. These chapters describe new methodology and applications, instrumental developments, and theory which is taking spectroscopy into new frontiers. The range of topics is broad. Lasers are utilized in much of the research, but their applications range from sub-femtosecond spectroscopy to the study of viruses and also to the investigation of art and archeological artifacts. Three chapters discuss work on biological systems and three others represent laser physics. The recent advances in cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS), and microwave techniques are all covered. Chapters on electronic excited states, molecular dynamics, symmetry applications, and neutron scattering are also included and demonstrate the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. * provides comprehensive coverage of present spectroscopic investigations * features 20 chapters written by leading researchers in the field * covers the important role of molecular spectroscopy in research concerned with chemistry, physics, and biology

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry
Author: Lucjan Piela
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1120
Release: 2006-11-28
ISBN 10: 9780080466767
ISBN 13: 0080466761
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry Book Review:

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry shows how quantum mechanics is applied to chemistry to give it a theoretical foundation. The structure of the book (a TREE-form) emphasizes the logical relationships between various topics, facts and methods. It shows the reader which parts of the text are needed for understanding specific aspects of the subject matter. Interspersed throughout the text are short biographies of key scientists and their contributions to the development of the field. Ideas of Quantum Chemistry has both textbook and reference work aspects. Like a textbook, the material is organized into digestable sections with each chapter following the same structure. It answers frequently asked questions and highlights the most important conclusions and the essential mathematical formulae in the text. In its reference aspects, it has a broader range than traditional quantum chemistry books and reviews virtually all of the pertinent literature. It is useful both for beginners as well as specialists in advanced topics of quantum chemistry. The book is supplemented by an appendix on the Internet. * Presents the widest range of quantum chemical problems covered in one book * Unique structure allows material to be tailored to the specific needs of the reader * Informal language facilitates the understanding of difficult topics

Basic Molecular Quantum Mechanics

Basic Molecular Quantum Mechanics
Author: Steven A. Adelman
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2021-08-01
ISBN 10: 1498734006
ISBN 13: 9781498734004
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Molecular Quantum Mechanics Book Review:

Quantum mechanics is a general theory of the motions, structures, properties, and behaviors of particles of atomic and subatomic dimensions. While quantum mechanics was created in the first third of the twentieth century by a handful of theoretical physicists working on a limited number of problems, it has further developed and is now applied by a great number of people working on a vast range of problems in wide areas of science and technology. Basic Molecular Quantum Mechanics introduces quantum mechanics by covering the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and some of its most important chemical applications: vibrational and rotational spectroscopy and electronic structure of atoms and molecules. Thoughtfully organized, the author builds up quantum mechanics systematically with each chapter preparing the student for the more advanced chapters and complex applications. Additional features include the following: This book presents rigorous and precise explanations of quantum mechanics and mathematical proofs. It contains qualitative discussions of key concepts with mathematics presented in the appendices. It provides problems and solutions at the end of each chapter to encourage understanding and application. This book is carefully written to emphasize its applications to chemistry and is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students specializing in chemistry, in related fields such as chemical engineering and materials science, and in some areas of biology.

The Spectra and Dynamics of Diatomic Molecules

The Spectra and Dynamics of Diatomic Molecules
Author: Helene Lefebvre-Brion,Robert W. Field
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2004-04-28
ISBN 10: 0080517501
ISBN 13: 9780080517506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Spectra and Dynamics of Diatomic Molecules Book Review:

This book is written for graduate students just beginning research, for theorists curious about what experimentalists actually can and do measure, and for experimentalists bewildered by theory. It is a guide for potential users of spectroscopic data, and uses language and concepts that bridge the frequency-and time-domain spectroscopic communities. Key topics, concepts, and techniques include: the assignment of simple spectra, basic experimental techniques, definition of Born-Oppenheimer and angular momentum basis sets and the associated spectroscopic energy level patterns (Hund's cases), construction of effective Hamiltonian matrices to represent both spectra and dynamics, terms neglected in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation (situations intermediate between Hund's cases, spectroscopic perturbations), nonlinear least squares fitting, calculation and interpretation of coupling terms, semi-classical (WKB) approximation, transition intensities and interference effects, direct photofragmentation (dissociation and ionization) and indirect photofragmentation (predissociation and autoionization) processes, visualization of intramolecular dynamics, quantum beats and wavepackets, treatment of decaying quasi-eigenstates using a complex Heff model, and concluding with some examples of polyatomic molecule dynamics. Students will discover that there is a fascinating world of cause-and-effect localized dynamics concealed beyond the reduction of spectra to archival molecular constants and the exact ab initio computation of molecular properties. Professional spectroscopists, kinetics, ab initio theorists will appreciate the practical, simplified-model, and rigorous theoretical approaches discussed in this book. Key Features: • A fundamental reference for all spectra of small, gas-phase molecules. • It is the most up-to-date and comprehensive book on the electronic spectroscopy and dynamics of diatomic molecules. • The authors pioneered the development of many of the experimental methods, concepts, models, and computational schemes described in this book. A fundamental reference for all spectra of small, gas-phase molecules. It is the most up-to-date and comprehensive book on the electronic spectroscopy and dynamics of diatomic molecules. The authors pioneered the development of many of the experimental methods, concepts, models, and computational schemes described in this book.

Molecular Spectroscopy

Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Yukihiro Ozaki,Marek Januz Wójcik,Jürgen Popp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2019-04-26
ISBN 10: 3527814604
ISBN 13: 9783527814602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Spectroscopy Book Review:

Uniquely creates a strong bridge between molecular spectroscopy and quantum chemistry This two-volume book consists of many reviews reporting new applications of quantum chemistry to molecular spectroscopy (Raman, infrared, near-infrared, terahertz, far-ultraviolet, etc.). It contains brief introductions to quantum chemistry for spectroscopists, and to the recent progress on molecular spectroscopy for quantum chemists. Molecular Spectroscopy: A Quantum Chemistry Approach examines the recent progress made in the field of molecular spectroscopy; the state of the art of quantum chemistry for molecular spectroscopy; and more. It offers multiple chapters covering the application of quantum chemistry to: visible absorption and fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, near-infrared spectroscopy, terahertz spectroscopy, and far-ultraviolet spectroscopy. It presents readers with hydrogen bonding studies by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemistry, as well as vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemistry studies on both biological systems and nano science. The book also looks at vibrational anharmonicity and overtones, and nonlinear and time-resolved spectroscopy. -Comprehensively covers existing and recent applications of quantum chemistry to molecular spectroscopy -Introduces the quantum chemistry for the field of spectroscopy and the advancements being made on molecular spectroscopy for quantum chemistry -Edited by world leading experts who have long standing, extensive experience and international standing in the field Molecular Spectroscopy: A Quantum Chemistry Approach is an ideal book for analytical chemists, theoretical chemists, chemists, biochemists, materials scientists, biologists, and physicists interested in the subject.

Getting Started on Time resolved Molecular Spectroscopy

Getting Started on Time resolved Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Jeffrey A. Cina
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9780191747601
ISBN 13: 0191747602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Getting Started on Time resolved Molecular Spectroscopy Book Review:

Aimed at graduate students in physics and physical chemistry, this textbook provides an accessible and comprehensive introduction to ultrafast spectroscopy. Each chapter is designed to be self-contained and includes in-text exercises to illustrate or expand upon the ideas covered in the main text.

Time Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics

Time Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics
Author: J. Broeckhove,L. Lathouwers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2013-11-21
ISBN 10: 1489923268
ISBN 13: 9781489923264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Time Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics Book Review:

From March 30th to April 3rd, 1992, a NATO Advanced Research workshop entitled "Time Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics: Theory and Experiment" was held at Snowbird, Utah. The organizing committee consisted of J. BROECKHOVE (Antwerp, Belgium), L. CEDERBAUM (Heidelberg, Germany), L. LATHOUWERS (Antwerp, Belgium), N. OHRN (Gainesville, Florida) and J. SIMONS (Salt Lake City, Utah). Fifty-two participants from eleven different countries attended the meeting at which thirty-three talks and one poster session were held. Twenty-eight participants submitted contributions to the proceedings of the meeting, which are reproduced in this volume. The workshop brought together experts in different areas 0 f molecular quantum dynamics, all adhering to the time dependent approach. The aim was to discuss and compare methods and applications. The ~amiliarityo~ the aUdience with the concepts o~ time dependent approaches greatly facilitated topical discussions and probing towards new applications. A broad area of subject matter was covered including time resolved laser chemistry, intramolecular dynamics, photodissociation dynamics, reactive and inelastic collisions as well as new time dependent methodologies. This diversity in applications is reflected in the contributions included in this volume .

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Sune Svanberg
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642973981
ISBN 13: 9783642973987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Book Review:

A wide-ranging review of modern techniques in atomic and molecular spectroscopy. A brief description of atomic and molecular structure is followed by the relevant energy structure expressions. A discussion of radiative properties and the origin of spectra leads into coverage of X-ray and photoelectron spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. The treatment of laser spectroscopy investigates various tunable sources and a wide range of techniques characterized by high sensitivity and high resolution. Throughout this book, the relation between fundamental and applied aspects is shown, in particular by descriptions of applications to chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophysics.