Microbial Forensics

Microbial Forensics
Author: Bruce Budowle,Steven E. Schutzer,Stephen A. Morse
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2019-11-30
ISBN 10: 0128153806
ISBN 13: 9780128153802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Forensics Book Review:

Microbial Forensics, Third Edition, serves as a complete reference on the discipline, describing the advances, challenges and opportunities that are integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. New chapters include: Microbial Source Tracking, Clinical Recognition, Bioinformatics, and Quality Assurance. This book is intended for a wide audience, but will be indispensable to forensic scientists and researchers interested in contributing to the growing field of microbial forensics. Biologists and microbiologists, the legal and judicial system, and the international community involved with Biological Weapons Treaties will also find this volume invaluable. Presents new and expanded content that includes a statistical analysis of forensic data, legal admissibility and standards of evidence Discusses actual cases of forensic bioterrorism Includes contributions from editors and authors who are leading experts in the field, with primary experience in the application of this fast-growing discipline

Forensic Microbiology

Forensic Microbiology
Author: David O. Carter,Jeffery K. Tomberlin,M. Eric Benbow,Jessica L. Metcalf
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN 10: 1119062578
ISBN 13: 9781119062578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Microbiology Book Review:

Forensic Microbiology focuses on newly emerging areas of microbiology relevant to medicolegal and criminal investigations: postmortem changes, establishing cause of death, estimating postmortem interval, and trace evidence analysis. Recent developments in sequencing technology allow researchers, and potentially practitioners, to examine microbial communities at unprecedented resolution and in multidisciplinary contexts. This detailed study of microbes facilitates the development of new forensic tools that use the structure and function of microbial communities as physical evidence. Chapters cover: Experiment design Data analysis Sample preservation The influence of microbes on results from autopsy, toxicology, and histology Decomposition ecology Trace evidence This diverse, rapidly evolving field of study has the potential to provide high quality microbial evidence which can be replicated across laboratories, providing spatial and temporal evidence which could be crucial in a broad range of investigative contexts. This book is intended as a resource for students, microbiologists, investigators, pathologists, and other forensic science professionals.

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics
Author: Committee on Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing an Initial International Roadmap,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academy Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2014-07-25
ISBN 10: 9780309302456
ISBN 13: 0309302455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science Needs for Microbial Forensics Book Review:

Microbial forensics is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime, or inadvertent microorganism or toxin release for attribution purposes. This emerging discipline seeks to offer investigators the tools and techniques to support efforts to identify the source of a biological threat agent and attribute a biothreat act to a particular person or group. Microbial forensics is still in the early stages of development and faces substantial scientific challenges to continue to build capacity. The unlawful use of biological agents poses substantial dangers to individuals, public health, the environment, the economies of nations, and global peace. It also is likely that scientific, political, and media-based controversy will surround any investigation of the alleged use of a biological agent, and can be expected to affect significantly the role that scientific information or evidence can play. For these reasons, building awareness of and capacity in microbial forensics can assist in our understanding of what may have occurred during a biothreat event, and international collaborations that engage the broader scientific and policy-making communities are likely to strengthen our microbial forensics capabilities. One goal would be to create a shared technical understanding of the possibilities - and limitations - of the scientific bases for microbial forensics analysis. "Science Needs for Microbial Forensics: Developing Initial International Research Priorities," based partly on a workshop held in Zabgreb, Croatia in 2013, identifies scientific needs that must be addressed to improve the capabilities of microbial forensics to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies. This report discusses issues of sampling, validation, data sharing, reference collection, research priorities, global disease monitoring, and training and education to promote international collaboration and further advance the field.

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics
Author: John B. Cliff,Helen W. Kreuzer,Christopher J. Ehrhardt,David S. Wunschel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2011-12-09
ISBN 10: 1603272178
ISBN 13: 9781603272179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics Book Review:

Combining the disciplines of biological, physical and chemical science, microbial forensics has a rapidly rising profile in a world increasingly troubled by the threat of ‘biocrime’ and ‘bioterrorism’. This valuable resource is a major addition to a body of literature reckoned to lack sufficient breadth. It presents a variety of phenotypic and trace signature methodologies associated with cultured microorganisms that, despite being genetically identical, may be characterized by differing cultural environments. One of the central challenges faced by those working in this field is the sheer diversity of potentially harmful agents, which in themselves total more than 1000 viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoan parasites. Their numerous additional variants render the process of ‘fingerprinting’ biological agents notoriously difficult, especially when the limitations of genetic analysis are factored in. Attribution of crime is relatively easy through human DNA, but lacking the genetic individuation of humans and animals, microbial forensics has to complement phylogenetic techniques with chemical and physical ones. In the best case, genetic analysis in the ‘biocrime’ sector can exclude sources, narrow the population of possible sources and support associations with potential sources. To complement these genetic techniques, chemical and physical methods can be used to compare ‘signatures’ imparted to microbial samples by environments in which they are grown and processed. Collating a range of microbiological fingerprinting techniques in one volume, and covering everything from statistical analysis to laboratory protocols, this publication furthers the aim of forensic investigators who need robust and legally admissible forensic evidence to present in a courtroom.

Forensic Ecogenomics

Forensic Ecogenomics
Author: T. Komang Ralebitso-Senior
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2018-02-10
ISBN 10: 0128096098
ISBN 13: 9780128096093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Ecogenomics Book Review:

Forensic Ecogenomics: The Application of Microbial Ecology Analyses in Forensic Contexts provides intelligence on important topics, including environmental sample provenance, how to indicate the body decomposition timeline to support postmortem interval (PMI) and postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimates, and how to enhance identification of clandestine and transit grave locations. A diverse group of international experts have come together to present a clear perspective of forensic ecogenomics that encapsulates cutting-edge, topical and relevant cross-disciplinary approaches vital to the field. Considers the effects of decomposition on bacterial, fungal and mesofaunal populations in pristine ecosystems Examines the role of the microbiome, necrobiome and thanatomicrobiome in postmortem interval estimations Focuses on the application of different analytical techniques across forensics to enhance/expand the crime scene investigation toolkit Written by a wide range of international experts in their respective fields

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
Author: Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0854049576
ISBN 13: 9780854049578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Forensics Book Review:

This exciting book gives an overview of environmental forensics and related topics with contributions from worldwide experts.

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing
Author: John M. Butler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2009-09-30
ISBN 10: 9780080961767
ISBN 13: 0080961762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing Book Review:

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing is written with a broad viewpoint. It examines the methods of current forensic DNA typing, focusing on short tandem repeats (STRs). It encompasses current forensic DNA analysis methods, as well as biology, technology and genetic interpretation. This book reviews the methods of forensic DNA testing used in the first two decades since early 1980’s, and it offers perspectives on future trends in this field, including new genetic markers and new technologies. Furthermore, it explains the process of DNA testing from collection of samples through DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, DNA amplification, and statistical interpretation. The book also discusses DNA databases, which play an important role in law enforcement investigations. In addition, there is a discussion about ethical concerns in retaining DNA profiles and the issues involved when people use a database to search for close relatives. Students of forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, and members of the law enforcement and legal professions who want to know more about STR typing will find this book invaluable. Includes a glossary with over 400 terms for quick reference of unfamiliar terms as well as an acronym guide to decipher the DNA dialect Continues in the style of Forensic DNA Typing, 2e, with high-profile cases addressed in D.N.A.Boxes-- "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout Ancillaries include: instructor manual Web site, with tailored set of 1000+ PowerPoint slides (including figures), links to online training websites and a test bank with key

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing
Author: John Marshall Butler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 0123745136
ISBN 13: 9780123745132
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing Book Review:

John M. Butler

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics
Author: Robert D. Morrison,Brian L. Murphy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2010-08-04
ISBN 10: 0080494781
ISBN 13: 9780080494784
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Forensics Book Review:

Environmental forensics is the application of scientific techniques for the purpose of identifying the source and age of a contaminant. Over the past several years, this study has been expanding as a course of study in academia, government and commercial markets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are among the governmental agencies that utilize the study of environmental forensics to ensure national security and to ensure that companies are complying with standards. Even the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a group supported by the European Commission and the World Bank, utilizes the study of environmental forensics as it applies to terror threats. This title is a hands-on guide for environmental scientists, engineers, consultants and industrial scientists to identify the origin and age of a contaminant in the environment and the issues involved in the process. An expansion of the authors’ first title with Academic Press, Introduction to Environmental Forensics, this is a state-of-the-art reference for those exploring the scientific techniques available. Up-to-date compendium for referencing forensic techniques unique to particular contaminants. International scientific unit system Contributors from around the world providing international examples and case studies.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2009-07-29
ISBN 10: 0309142393
ISBN 13: 9780309142397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Book Review:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics
Author: Karl Ritz,Lorna Dawson,David Miller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2008-12-23
ISBN 10: 1402092040
ISBN 13: 9781402092046
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics Book Review:

Soils have important roles to play in criminal and environmental forensic science. Since the initial concept of using soil in forensic investigations was mooted by Conan Doyle in his Sherlock Holmes stories prior to real-world applications, this branch of forensic science has become increasingly sophisticated and broad. New techniques in chemical, physical, biological, ecological and spatial analysis, coupled with informatics, are being applied to reducing areas of search by investigators, site identification, site comparison and measurement for the eventual use as evidence in court. Soils can provide intelligence, in assisting the determination of the provenance of samples from artifacts, victims or suspects, enabling their linkage to locations or other evidence. They also modulate change in surface or buried cadavers and hence affect the ability to estimate post-mortem or post-burial intervals, and locate clandestine graves. This interdisciplinary volume explores the conceptual and practical interplay of soil and geoforensics across the scientific, investigative and legal fields. Supported by reviews, case-studies from across the world, and reports of original research, it demonstrates the increasing convergence of a wide range of knowledge. It covers conceptual issues, evidence (from recovery to use in court), geoforensics, taphonomy, as well as leading-edge technologies. The application of the resultant soil forensics toolbox is leading to significant advances in improving crime detection, and environmental and national security.

Environmental Microbial Forensics

Environmental Microbial Forensics
Author: Gary A. Toranzos,Raúl J. Cano
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9781555818852
ISBN 13: 1555818854
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Microbial Forensics Book Review:

Microbiology in the service of law and public safety.

DNA Fingerprinting Advancements and Future Endeavors

DNA Fingerprinting  Advancements and Future Endeavors
Author: Hirak Ranjan Dash,Pankaj Shrivastava,Braja Kishore Mohapatra,Surajit Das
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2018-11-01
ISBN 10: 9811315833
ISBN 13: 9789811315831
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DNA Fingerprinting Advancements and Future Endeavors Book Review:

This book describes the basics and various applications of DNA fingerprinting, including in actual case studies. The book is divided in four modules; Module 1: Basics of DNA Fingerprinting, Module 2: Applications of DNA Fingerprinting, Module 3: DNA Fingerprinting: Case Studies, and Module 4: Future of DNA Fingerprinting. Each module consists of 4 to 5 chapters, written by reputed researchers, academics and forensic scientists from around the globe. The respective chapters cover e.g. related fields, the tools and techniques used, various genotyping kits, real-world case studies, ancient DNA and wild life forensics, molecular diagnosis of human diseases, legal aspects, microbial forensics and the economics of the DNA fingerprinting technique. The book offers a practical guide for professionals, graduate and post-graduate students in the fields of Forensic Science, Medicine, Genetics, Anthropology, Microbiology, and Zoology. It also serves as a useful reference resource, summarizing major technological advances in the field of DNA fingerprinting, the problems faced in this field of science and possible new solutions to these problems. Presently, DNA fingerprinting is utilized in solving the majority of criminal cases; as such, the book is also helpful for investigating agencies, as it includes representative case studies.

Silent Witness

Silent Witness
Author: Henry Erlich,Eric Stover,Thomas J. White
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-10-08
ISBN 10: 0190909471
ISBN 13: 9780190909475
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silent Witness Book Review:

Since its introduction in the late 1980s, DNA analysis has revolutionized the forensic sciences: it has helped to convict the guilty, exonerate the wrongfully convicted, identify victims of mass atrocities, and reunite families whose members have been separated by war and repressive regimes. Yet, many of the scientific, legal, societal, and ethical concepts that underpin forensic DNA analysis remain poorly understood, and their application often controversial. Told by over twenty experts in genetics, law, and social science, Silent Witness relates the history and development of modern DNA forensics and its application in both the courtroom and humanitarian settings. Across three thematic sections, Silent Witness tracks the scientific advances in DNA analysis and how these developments have affected criminal and social justice, whether through the arrests of new suspects, as in the case of the Golden State Killer, or through the ability to identify victims of war, terrorism, and human rights abuses, as in the cases of the disappeared in Argentina and the former Yugoslavia and those who perished during the 9/11 attacks. By providing a critical inquiry into modern forensic DNA science, Silent Witness underscores the need to balance the benefits of using forensic genetics to solve crime with the democratic right to safeguard against privacy invasion and unwarranted government scrutiny, and raises the question of what it means to be an autonomous individual in a world where the most personal elements of one's identity are now publicly accessible.

Encyclopedia of Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Microbiology
Author: Thomas M. Schmidt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 3199
Release: 2019-09-11
ISBN 10: 0128117370
ISBN 13: 9780128117378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Microbiology Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Fourth Edition gathers both basic and applied dimensions in this dynamic field that includes virtually all environments on Earth. This range attracts a growing number of cross-disciplinary studies, which the encyclopedia makes available to readers from diverse educational backgrounds. The new edition builds on the solid foundation established in earlier versions, adding new material that reflects recent advances in the field. New focus areas include `Animal and Plant Microbiomes’ and ‘Global Impact of Microbes`. The thematic organization of the work allows users to focus on specific areas, e.g., for didactical purposes, while also browsing for topics in different areas. Offers an up-to-date and authoritative resource that covers the entire field of microbiology, from basic principles, to applied technologies Provides an organic overview that is useful to academic teachers and scientists from different backgrounds Includes chapters that are enriched with figures and graphs, and that can be easily consulted in isolation to find fundamental definitions and concepts

Microbial Diversity Interventions and Scope

Microbial Diversity  Interventions and Scope
Author: Shiwani Guleria Sharma,Neeta Raj Sharma,Mohit Sharma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2020-06-25
ISBN 10: 9811540993
ISBN 13: 9789811540998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Diversity Interventions and Scope Book Review:

This book focuses on the application of microbes in all fields of biology. There is an urgent need to understand and explore new microbes, their biological activities, genetic makeup and further opportunities for utilizing them. The book is divided into sections, highlighting the application of microbes in agriculture, nanotechnology, genetic engineering, bioremediation, industry, medicine and forensic sciences, and describing potential future advances in these fields. It also explores the potential role of microbes in space and how they might support life on a different planet.

The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics

The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2013-05-02
ISBN 10: 0309268192
ISBN 13: 9780309268196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics Book Review:

Over the past several decades, new scientific tools and approaches for detecting microbial species have dramatically enhanced our appreciation of the diversity and abundance of the microbiota and its dynamic interactions with the environments within which these microorganisms reside. The first bacterial genome was sequenced in 1995 and took more than 13 months of work to complete. Today, a microorganism's entire genome can be sequenced in a few days. Much as our view of the cosmos was forever altered in the 17th century with the invention of the telescope, these genomic technologies, and the observations derived from them, have fundamentally transformed our appreciation of the microbial world around us. On June 12 and 13, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the scientific tools and approaches being used for detecting and characterizing microbial species, and the roles of microbial genomics and metagenomics to better understand the culturable and unculturable microbial world around us. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants examined the use of microbial genomics to explore the diversity, evolution, and adaptation of microorganisms in a wide variety of environments; the molecular mechanisms of disease emergence and epidemiology; and the ways that genomic technologies are being applied to disease outbreak trace back and microbial surveillance. Points that were emphasized by many participants included the need to develop robust standardized sampling protocols, the importance of having the appropriate metadata, data analysis and data management challenges, and information sharing in real time. The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics summarizes this workshop.

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling
Author: Scott Bader
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2016-03-08
ISBN 10: 1118751507
ISBN 13: 9781118751503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling Book Review:

The increasingly arcane world of DNA profiling demands that those needing to understand at least some of it must find a source of reliable and understandable information. Combining material from the successful Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science with newly commissioned and updated material, the Editors have used their own extensive experience in criminal casework across the world to compile an informative guide that will provide knowledge and thought-provoking articles of interest to anyone involved or interested in the use of DNA in the forensic context. Following extensive introductory chapters covering forensic DNA profiling and forensic genetics, this comprehensive volume presents a substantial breadth of material covering: Fundamental material – including sources of DNA, validation, and accreditation Analysis and interpretation – including, extraction, quantification, amplification and interpretation of electropherograms (epgs) Evaluation – including mixtures, low template, and transfer Applications – databases, paternity and kinship, mitochondrial-DNA, wildlife DNA, single-nucleotide polymorphism, phenotyping and familial searching Court - report writing, discovery, cross examination, and current controversies With contributions from leading experts across the whole gamut of forensic science, this volume is intended to be authoritative but not authoritarian, informative but comprehensible, and comprehensive but concise. It will prove to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for scientists, lawyers, teachers, criminologists, and judges.

Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology

Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology
Author: Moselio Schaechter
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1200
Release: 2010-04-19
ISBN 10: 0080961282
ISBN 13: 9780080961286
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology Book Review:

The Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Second Edition is a single-volume comprehensive guide to microbiology for the advanced reader. Derived from the six volume e-only Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Third Edition, it bridges the gap between introductory texts and specialized reviews. Covering topics ranging from the basic science of microbiology to the current "hot" topics in the field, it will be invaluable for obtaining background information on a broad range of microbiological topics, preparing lectures and preparing grant applications and reports. * The most comprehensive single-volume source providing an overview of microbiology to non-specialists * Bridges the gap between introductory texts and specialized reviews. * Provides concise and general overviews of important topics within the field making it a helpful resource when preparing for lectures, writing reports, or drafting grant applications

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements

Forensic DNA Typing  Principles  Applications and Advancements
Author: Pankaj Shrivastava,Hirak Ranjan Dash,Jose A. Lorente,Jahangir Imam
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 685
Release: 2020-12-11
ISBN 10: 9811566550
ISBN 13: 9789811566554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements Book Review:

The book explores the fundamental principles, advances in forensic techniques, and its application on forensic DNA analysis. The book is divided into three modules; the first module provides the historical prospect of forensic DNA typing and introduces fundamentals of forensic DNA typing, methodology, and technical advancements, application of STRs, and DNA databases for forensic DNA profile analysis. Module 2 examines the problems and challenges encountered in extracting DNA and generating DNA profiles. It provides information on the methods and the best practices for DNA isolation from forensic biological samples and human remains like ancient DNA, DNA typing of skeletal remains and disaster victim identification, the importance of DNA typing in human trafficking, and various problems associated with capillary electrophoresis. Module 3 emphasizes various technologies that are based on SNPs, STRs namely Y-STR, X-STR, mitochondrial DNA profiling in forensic science. Module 4 explores the application of non-human forensic DNA typing of domestic animals, wildlife forensics, plant DNA fingerprinting, and microbial forensics. The last module discusses new areas and alternative methods in forensic DNA typing, including Next-Generation Sequencing, and its utility in forensic science, oral microbes, and forensic DNA phenotyping. Given its scope, the book is a useful resource in the field of DNA fingerprinting for scientists, forensic experts, and students at the postgraduate level.