Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments
Author: Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent,Tim C. Jennerjahn,Kumarasamy Ramasamy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2021-06-02
ISBN 10: 0128151668
ISBN 13: 9780128151662
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Book Review:

A concise reference on the structural composition and function of microbial communities in coastal environments, especially in relation to natural and anthropogenic impacts. Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments presents twenty years of coastal microbiology research, grounding it as a vital development in the field of microbial ecology. It is the first book to focus exclusively on the complex microbial ecology and its function in rest of the marine environment. The book outlines the structure, function, and assessment of microbial communities in marine sediments while exploring practical methods of assessment. It is an invaluable resource to aquatic microbiologists, marine ecologists, marine microbiologists, aquatic researchers, and graduate students in this field. Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments begins with an examination of nutrient sources in the coastal context with a focus on organic matter inputs. The quantity and quality of organic matter in coastal sediments and their impacts on the composition and formation of microbial communities is discussed. The book explores the consequences of anthropogenic changes and human activity on microbial ecology and nutrient cycling. Sections on nutrient availability, green house gas production and biodegradation of persistent organic pollutants provide essential details. Molecular research techniques and methods for assessing microbial community structure and function in coastal sediments are also covered. Explores the interplay of physicochemical and biological features of coastal ecosystems on microbial community composition to provide a template of comparison for field research Includes unique figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to microbial processes of coastal ecosystem to clearly represent different aspects of microbial structure and functions Provides analytical methods and detailed molecular techniques for qualitative and quantitative analyses of microbial community structure

Interactions Between Macro and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments

Interactions Between Macro  and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments
Author: Erik Kristensen
Publsiher: American Geophysical Union
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2005-01-14
ISBN 10: 087590274X
ISBN 13: 9780875902746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interactions Between Macro and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments Book Review:

Marine sediments support complex interactions between macro-and microorganisms that have global implications for carbon and nutrient cycles. What is the state of the science on such interactions from coastal and estuarine environments to the deep sea? How does such knowledge effect environmental management? And what does future research hold in store for scientists, engineers, resource managers, and educators?Interactions between Macro- and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments responds to these questions, and more, by focusing on:? Interactions between plants, microorganisms, and marine sediment? Interactions between animals, microorganisms, and marine sediment? Interactions between macro- and microorganisms and the structuring of benthic communities? Impact of macrobenthic activity on microbially-mediated geochemical cycles in sediments? Conceptual and numeric models of diagenesis that incorporate interactions between macro- and microorganismsHere is an authoritative overview of the research, experimentation and modeling approaches now in use in our rapidly evolving understanding of life in marine sediments.

Microbial Communities of Coastal Eutrophic Systems

Microbial Communities of Coastal Eutrophic Systems
Author: Savvas Genitsaris,Konstantinos (Kostas) Ar. Kormas,Maria Moustaka-Gouni
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-12-31
ISBN 10: 2889719073
ISBN 13: 9782889719075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Communities of Coastal Eutrophic Systems Book Review:

The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography MPB 32

The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography  MPB 32
Author: Stephen P. Hubbell
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN 10: 1400837529
ISBN 13: 9781400837526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography MPB 32 Book Review:

Despite its supreme importance and the threat of its global crash, biodiversity remains poorly understood both empirically and theoretically. This ambitious book presents a new, general neutral theory to explain the origin, maintenance, and loss of biodiversity in a biogeographic context. Until now biogeography (the study of the geographic distribution of species) and biodiversity (the study of species richness and relative species abundance) have had largely disjunct intellectual histories. In this book, Stephen Hubbell develops a formal mathematical theory that unifies these two fields. When a speciation process is incorporated into Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson's now classical theory of island biogeography, the generalized theory predicts the existence of a universal, dimensionless biodiversity number. In the theory, this fundamental biodiversity number, together with the migration or dispersal rate, completely determines the steady-state distribution of species richness and relative species abundance on local to large geographic spatial scales and short-term to evolutionary time scales. Although neutral, Hubbell's theory is nevertheless able to generate many nonobvious, testable, and remarkably accurate quantitative predictions about biodiversity and biogeography. In many ways Hubbell's theory is the ecological analog to the neutral theory of genetic drift in genetics. The unified neutral theory of biogeography and biodiversity should stimulate research in new theoretical and empirical directions by ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and biogeographers.

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts
Author: Friess Daniel,Frida Sidik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2020-12-05
ISBN 10: 0128175109
ISBN 13: 9780128175101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts Book Review:

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts provides knowledge on the importance of sedimentary dynamics in managing mangrove forests. In the first part of the book, the editors seamlessly offer a general introduction of mangrove sedimentary dynamics. This leads into more in-depth information on soil surface elevation change, sea level rise, and the importance of sedimentary dynamics in the loss or gain of blue carbon. The book concludes the discussion of mangrove sedimentary dynamics by addressing the issues of climate change (e.g. sea level rise and blue carbon) on mangrove restoration and sediment. This book will assist coastal managers and academics in addressing the gaps in mangrove restoration and coastal management. As such, it will be a valuable reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, academics in the field of coastal restoration, and coastal management practitioners. Provides a state-of-the-art summary of research into sedimentary dynamics in mangrove forests Includes updates on issues of climate change-relevant to mangroves, such as blue carbon and sea level rise Presents scientific background and successful case studies for mangrove restoration that can solve problems relating to mangrove management

Coastal Wetlands Dynamics

Coastal Wetlands Dynamics
Author: Nicoletta Leonardi,Zhi-jun Dai
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-04-05
ISBN 10: 2889748499
ISBN 13: 9782889748495
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coastal Wetlands Dynamics Book Review:

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors
Author: Susma Bhattarai Gautam
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 042982646X
ISBN 13: 9780429826467
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors Book Review:

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (AOM-SR) is a biological process mediated by anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria. It has scientifi c and societal relevance in regulating the global carbon cycle and biotechnological application for treating sulfate-rich wastewater. This research aimed to enhance the recent knowledge on ANME distribution and its enrichment in different bioreactor confi gurations, i.e. membrane bioreactor (MBR), biotrickling fi lter (BTF) and high pressure bioreactor (HPB). Marine sediment from Ginsburg mud volcano, Gulf of Cadiz was used as inoculum in the BTF and MBR. The BTF operation showed the enrichment of ANME in the biofi lm, especially ANME-1 (40%) and ANME-2 (10%). Whereas, the dominancy of ANME-2 and Desulfosarcina aggregates was observed in the MBR. Moreover, HPB study was performed by using highly enriched ANME-2 community from Captain Arutyunov mud volcano. During the study of HPB at different temperature and pressure conditions, the incubation at 10 MPa pressure and 15 ̊C was observed to be the most suitable condition for the studied AOM-SR community. Furthermore, AOM-SR activity in the coastal sediments from marine Lake Grevelingen (the Netherlands) was explored and the microbial community was characterised which was dominated by ANME-3 among known ANME types.

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments
Author: David J. Burdige
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-08-04
ISBN 10: 0691216096
ISBN 13: 9780691216096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments Book Review:

The processes occurring in surface marine sediments have a profound effect on the local and global cycling of many elements. This graduate text presents the fundamentals of marine sediment geochemistry by examining the complex chemical, biological, and physical processes that contribute to the conversion of these sediments to rock, a process known as early diagenesis. Research over the past three decades has uncovered the fact that the oxidation of organic matter deposited in sediment acts as a causative agent for many early diagenetic changes. Summarizing and discussing these findings and providing a much-needed update to Robert Berner's Early Diagenesis: A Theoretical Approach, David J. Burdige describes the ways to quantify geochemical processes in marine sediment. By doing so, he offers a deeper understanding of the cycling of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, along with important metals such as iron and manganese. No other book presents such an in-depth look at marine sediment geochemistry. Including the most up-to-date research, a complete survey of the subject, explanatory text, and the most recent mathematical formulations that have contributed to our greater understanding of early diagenesis, Geochemistry of Marine Sediments will interest graduate students of geology, geochemistry, and oceanography, as well as the broader community of earth scientists. It is poised to become the standard text on the subject for years to come.

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing

Biodiversity  Ecosystem Functioning  and Human Wellbeing
Author: Shahid Naeem,Daniel E. Bunker,Andy Hector,Michel Loreau,Charles Perrings
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2009-07-30
ISBN 10: 0199547955
ISBN 13: 9780199547951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing Book Review:

The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses.

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 369
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822025580937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert Book Review:

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems
Author: Joel E. Kostka,Andreas P. Teske,Samantha B. Joye,Ian Head
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-05-15
ISBN 10: 2889193462
ISBN 13: 9782889193462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems Book Review:

Biodegradation mediated by indigenous microbial communities is the ultimate fate of the majority of oil hydrocarbon that enters the marine environment. The aim of this Research Topic is to highlight recent advances in our knowledge of the pathways and controls of microbially-catalyzed hydrocarbon degradation in marine ecosystems, with emphasis on the response of microbial communities to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In this Research Topic, we encouraged original research and reviews on the ecology of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, the rates and mechanisms of biodegradation, and the bioremediation of discharged oil under situ as well as near in situ conditions.

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms  Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients
Author: Stefan M. Sievert
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-04-05
ISBN 10: 2889458075
ISBN 13: 9782889458073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients Book Review:

Marine environments are fluid. Microorganisms living in the ocean experience diverse environmental changes over wide spatiotemporal scales. For microorganisms and their communities to survive and function in the ocean, they need to have the capacity to sense, respond to, adapt to and/or withstand periodic and sporadic environmental changes. This eBook collates a variety of recent research reports and theoretical discussions on the ecoenergetic strategies, community structure, biogeochemical and ecosystem functions as well as regulatory processes and mechanisms that marine microorganisms employ in response to environmental gradients and variations.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry
Author: Jack J. Middelburg
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 118
Release: 2019-01-25
ISBN 10: 3030108228
ISBN 13: 9783030108229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry Book Review:

This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

Linking Molecular Microbiology and Geochemistry to Better Understand Microbial Ecology in Coastal Marine Sediments

Linking Molecular Microbiology and Geochemistry to Better Understand Microbial Ecology in Coastal Marine Sediments
Author: Brandi Kiel Reese
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:812537872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Linking Molecular Microbiology and Geochemistry to Better Understand Microbial Ecology in Coastal Marine Sediments Book Review:

The overall objective of the research presented here was to combine multiple geochemical parameters and molecular characterizations to provide a novel view of active microbial community ecology of sediments in a large-river deltaic estuary. In coastal and estuarine environments, a large portion of benthic respiration has been attributed to sulfate reduction and implicated as an important mechanism in hypoxia formation. The use of high-resolution sampling of individual sediment cores and high throughput nucleic acid extraction techniques combined with 454 FLX sequencing provided a robust understanding of the metabolically active benthic microbial community within coastal sediments. This was used to provide further understanding and show the importance of simultaneously analyzing the connectivity of sulfur and iron cycling to the structure and function of the microbial population. Although aqueous sulfide did not accumulate in the sediments of the northern Gulf of Mexico, active sulfate reduction was observed in all locations sampled. Microbial recycling and sequestration as iron sulfides prevented the release of sulfide from the sediment. Prominent differences were observed between the sample locations and with depth into the sediment column. This study emphasized the importance of combining novel molecular techniques with simultaneous traditional geochemical measurements to show the interdependence of microbiology and geochemistry. In addition, this study highlights the need to consider microbial community biogeography along with small-scale variations in geochemistry and biology that impact the overall cycling of redox elements when constructing biogeochemical models in marine sediments.

Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry
Author: Horst D. Schulz,Matthias Zabel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 3662042428
ISBN 13: 9783662042427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Geochemistry Book Review:

A summary of the latest research in this field. The topics comprise the sedimentological examination and physical properties of the sedimentary solid phase, pore water and pore water constituents, organic matter as the driving force of most microbiological processes, biotic and abiotic redox reactions, carbonates and stable isotopes as proxies for paleoclimate reconstruction, metal enrichments in ferromanganese nodules and crusts as well as in hot vents and cold seeps on the seafloor. The current model conceptions lead to the development of different types of computer models, allowing the global mass exchanges between oceans and sediments to be balanced.

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities
Author: Christon J. Hurst
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2019-03-27
ISBN 10: 3030107779
ISBN 13: 9783030107772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities Book Review:

This book presents a summary of terrestrial microbial processes, which are a key factor in supporting healthy life on our planet. The authors explain how microorganisms maintain the soil ecosystem through recycling carbon and nitrogen and then provide insights into how soil microbiology processes integrate into ecosystem science, helping to achieve successful bioremediation as well as safe and effective operation of landfills, and enabling the design of composting processes that reduce the amount of waste that is placed in landfills. The book also explores the effect of human land use, including restoration on soil microbial communities and the response of wetland microbial communities to anthropogenic pollutants. Lastly it discusses the role of fungi in causing damaging, and often lethal, infectious diseases in plants and animals.

Contaminated Marine Sediments

Contaminated Marine Sediments
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Contaminated Marine Sediments
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 508
Release: 1989-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309040957
ISBN 13: 9780309040952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contaminated Marine Sediments Book Review:

The pervasive, widespread problem of contaminated marine sediments is an environmental issue of national importance, arising from decades of intentionally and unintentionally using coastal waters for waste disposal. This book examines the extent and significance of the problem, reviews clean-up and remediation technologies, assesses alternative management strategies, identifies research and development needs, and presents the committee's major findings and recommendations. Five case studies examine different ways in which a variety of sediment contamination problems are being handled.

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments
Author: Simon Thrush,Judi Hewitt,Conrad Pilditch,Alf Norkko
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2021-02-12
ISBN 10: 0198804768
ISBN 13: 9780198804765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments Book Review:

This accessible textbook provides an ideal point of entry into the field, providing basic information on the nature of soft-sediment ecosystems, examples of how and why we research them, the new questions these studies inspire, and the applications that ultimately benefit society.

Microbial Ecotoxicology

Microbial Ecotoxicology
Author: Stéphane Pesce,Fabrice Martin-Laurent,Ed Topp,Ghiglione Jean-Francois
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07-17
ISBN 10: 2889638812
ISBN 13: 9782889638819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Ecotoxicology Book Review:

Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport

Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport
Author: Hongwei Fang,Lei Huang,Huiming Zhao,Wei Cheng,Yishan Chen,Mehdi Fazeli,Qianqian Shang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2020-04-07
ISBN 10: 3662611589
ISBN 13: 9783662611586
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport Book Review:

The main focus of this book is the transport mechanics of sediment particles coated with microbial biofilm, which is called bio-sediment. The book also addresses the question of how to measure and simulate the considerable variation in the properties of natural sediment associated with microbial biofilm, ranging from the micro-scale surface morphology to the macro-scale sediment transport. Nowadays most studies to elucidate the mechanisms of sediment transport have concentrated on physical-chemical sediment properties, little work explicitly coupled sediment dynamics and the environmental effects under the influence of micro-ecosystem, thus leaving a serious gap in water and sediment sciences as well as water ecological research. With respect to physical-chemical sediment properties, this book has been undertaken to evaluate and quantify the effect of biological factors - biofilm on sediment transport mechanics. The chapters cover topics including development of bio-sediment and its properties; model of biofilm growth on sediment substratum; bedform and flow resistance of bio-sediment bed; incipient velocity and settling velocity of bio-sediment; bedload and suspended load transport for bio-sediment; numerical simulation of bio-sediment transport. Besides, the measurement technology, analysis method and expression approach introduced in this book combine the characteristics of hydraulic, environmental and microbial research, having more immediate innovation. This book will be of interest to researchers, managers, practitioners, policy and decision makers, international institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, educators, as well as graduate and undergraduate students in the field of hydraulics and river dynamics. It will help to understand the relevance of sediment transport and biofilm growth under the role of aqueous micro-ecosystem, to introduce better tools for the simulation and prediction of bio-sediment transport, and to provide a scientific basis and application foundation for the research of interaction between sediment particles and ecological and environmental factors.