Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity
Author: Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128148187
ISBN 13: 9780128148181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transport Equity Book Review:

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity
Author: Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-05-30
ISBN 10: 0128148195
ISBN 13: 9780128148198
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Transport Equity Book Review:

Measuring Transport Equity provides a range of methods with the potential to shape transport decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Presenting numerous applied methods and applications of transport equity assessment, this book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions, and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires its own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing equity in relation to accessibility, environmental impacts, health, and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses and is an ideal reference for those involved in transport planning. Written by a collection of top researchers and upcoming scholars in the transport field. Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real world through case study examples. Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of advanced measures of inequality. Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance, and further reading.

Transport Justice

Transport Justice
Author: Karel Martens
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-07-01
ISBN 10: 1317599578
ISBN 13: 9781317599579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transport Justice Book Review:

Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system. There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades. Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Handbook of Sustainable Transport

Handbook of Sustainable Transport
Author: Carey Curtis
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-12-25
ISBN 10: 1789900476
ISBN 13: 9781789900477
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Sustainable Transport Book Review:

Exploring the need for a sustainable transport paradigm, which has been sought after by local and national authorities internationally over the last 30 years, this illuminating and timely Handbook offers insights into how this can be secured more broadly and what it may involve, as well as the challenges that the sustainable transport approach faces. The Handbook offers readers a holistic understanding of the paradigm by drawing on a wide range of research and relevant case studies that showcase where the principles of sustainable transport have been implemented.

A Companion to Transport Space and Equity

A Companion to Transport  Space and Equity
Author: Robin Hickman,Beatriz Mella Lira,Moshe Givoni,Karst Geurs
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1788119827
ISBN 13: 9781788119825
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Transport Space and Equity Book Review:

With social inequity in urban spaces becoming an increasing concern in our modern world, The Elgar Companion to Transport, Space and Equity explores the relationships between transport and social equity. Transport systems and infrastructure investment can lead to inequitable travel behaviours, with certain socio-demographic groups using particular parts of the transport system and accessing particular activities and opportunities.

Accessibility Equity and Efficiency

Accessibility  Equity and Efficiency
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Roberto Patuelli,Tomaz Ponce Dentinho
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2016-02-26
ISBN 10: 1784717894
ISBN 13: 9781784717896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility Equity and Efficiency Book Review:

Leading researchers from around the world show, in this volume, the importance of accessibility in contemporary issues such as rural depopulation, investments in public services and public transport, and transport infrastructure investments in Europe. The trade-offs between accessibility, economic development and equity are comprehensively examined, and a variety of approaches to measuring accessibility and equality presented. The book’s interdisciplinary contributions also provide different geographical contexts, from the US to various European and developing countries, and cover ex ante and ex post evaluation of transport investment. Improving transport accessibility is a main objective in transport policy and planning in developed and developing countries all over the world. Investment is motivated by the need to develop and/or reduce spatial or social inequalities. However, the economic and equity implications of investments in transport are not straightforward. The concepts of accessibility and equity can be defined and operationalized in many different ways, influencing outcomes and conclusions. Moreover, equity and efficiency goals are often conflicting. Accessibility models not only help to explain spatial and transport patterns in developed and developing countries but are also powerful tools to explain the equity and efficiency impacts of urban and transport policies and projects. This state-of-the-art overview of the accessibility–economic efficiency–equity relationship will appeal to researchers as well as transport and urban planners interested in accessibility issues and transport/regional developments.

Equity and Well Being

Equity and Well Being
Author: Hyun Hwa Son
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-04-03
ISBN 10: 113657932X
ISBN 13: 9781136579325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Equity and Well Being Book Review:

Equity is an abstract concept covering philosophical issues such as fairness and social justice, making its definition and measurement complex. This volume tackles these complexities head-on. The book is enriched with many empirical analyses and provides a comprehensive analysis of equity ranging from concepts and measurements to empirical illustrations and policy implications. After an extensive discussion on equity in the introduction, this volume begins with a chapter on well-being where the concepts of functioning and capability are discussed. This is followed by a few chapters on what an equitable distribution is and how equity can be measured. The volume then provides a definition and a methodology to measure equitable growth, examining the relationship between growth, inequality, and poverty. It also presents various empirical illustrations and country-specific experiences with three country case studies which assess whether publicly provided health and education services are equitable in developing Asia, examining the extent to which these social services favor the poor as well as the policy challenges to a more equitable delivery of these services. Finally, these country studies provide evidence–based policy recommendations to improve equity in social service delivery in developing countries. Achieving social equity has long been an important policy goal. There are relatively few studies on equity. This book aims to help fill this gap with an in-depth analysis of the issues associated with equity, covering its concept, measurement, and policy practices and implications.

Incorporating Measures of Subjective Well Being Into the Measurement of Transport Equity

Incorporating Measures of Subjective Well Being Into the Measurement of Transport Equity
Author: Cameron Gordon
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 11
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1308884802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Incorporating Measures of Subjective Well Being Into the Measurement of Transport Equity Book Review:

The socio-cultural and economic distributional impacts of transportation projects are key elements of both individual project decisions and transportation policymaking. One of these dimensions, transportation equity, roughly defined as the relative distribution of benefits and burdens of transportation investments, goods and services, is a growing area of both policy and academic concern. Most 'equity' measures are 'objective' in that they use quantitative metrics of actual burden as seen and defined by outside observers. This article examines a subjective measure of burden (the Subjective Wellbeing Index) which captures how satisfied people are with their lives on a number of domains. While this concept has been used in studies of economic development and general disadvantage, it has never been used before in the context of transport disadvantage. This article will thus accomplish a first by looking at transport costs using a subjective well-being framework using a case study of Australia and the Household Income and Labour Dynamics Survey of Australia (HILDA).

Transportation and Health

Transportation and Health
Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-04
ISBN 10: 0128191368
ISBN 13: 9780128191361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation and Health Book Review:

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development.

New Methods Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal

New Methods  Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2021-04-28
ISBN 10: 0323855601
ISBN 13: 9780323855600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Methods Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal Book Review:

New Methods, Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal, Volume 7 in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series, assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world. Chapters in this new release include Evaluating transport equity, Participatory Value Evaluation, Sustainability assessment of transport policies, plans and projects, Deliberative appraisal methods, Appraisal methods of public transport projects, Appraisal of cycling and pedestrian projects, Appraisal of Freight Project, Project appraisal methods: tools for optimizing or for informed political debate?, and Research agenda for appraisal methods. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series

Social Issues in Transport Planning

Social Issues in Transport Planning
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2021-09-11
ISBN 10: 0128231149
ISBN 13: 9780128231142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Issues in Transport Planning Book Review:

Advances in Transport Policy and Planning assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world on the topic. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 583
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN 10: 0309452961
ISBN 13: 9780309452960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communities in Action Book Review:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Community Impact Assessment

Community Impact Assessment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 40
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015075149917
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Community Impact Assessment Book Review:

This guide was written as a quick primer for transportation professionals and analysts who assess the impacts of proposed transportation actions on communities. It outlines the community impact assessment process, highlights critical areas that must be examined, identifies basic tools and information sources, and stimulates the thought-process related to individual projects. In the past, the consequences of transportation investments on communities have often been ignored or introduced near the end of a planning process, reducing them to reactive considerations at best. The goals of this primer are to increase awareness of the effects of transportation actions on the human environment and emphasize that community impacts deserve serious attention in project planning and development-attention comparable to that given the natural environment. Finally, this guide is intended to provide some tips for facilitating public involvement in the decision making process.

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning
Author: Karst T. Geurs,Kevin J. Krizek,Aura Reggiani
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 1781000115
ISBN 13: 9781781000113
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning Book Review:

Accessibility is a concept central to integrated transport and land use planning. The goal of improving accessibility Ð for all modes, for all people Ð has made its way into mainstream transport policy and planning in communities worldwide. This unique book introduces new accessibility approaches to transport planning across Europe and the United States. The expert contributors present advanced interdisciplinary approaches in accessibility research and modelling with best practices in accessibility planning and evaluation, to better support integrated transport and land-use policy-making. This book will prove an absorbing read for scholars, researchers and students working on accessibility issues across different academic fields including transport geography, spatial economics and social science. Transport and urban planners will also find the book to be an invaluable reference tool.

Transport Infrastructure and Systems

Transport Infrastructure and Systems
Author: Gianluca Dell'Acqua,Fred Wegman
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1134
Release: 2017-03-16
ISBN 10: 1315281880
ISBN 13: 9781315281889
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transport Infrastructure and Systems Book Review:

Transport Infrastructure Asset management in transport infrastructure, financial viability of transport engineering projects/ Life cycle Cost Analysis, Life-Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Assessment of transport infrastructure/ Infrastructures financing and pricing with equity appraisal, operation optimization and energy management/ Low-Volume roads: planning, maintenance, operations, environmental and social issues/ Public-Private Partnership (PPP) experience in transport infrastructure in different countries and economic conditions/ Airport Pavement Management Systems, runway design and maintenance/ Port maintenance and development issues, technology relating to cargo handling, landside access, cruise operations/ Infrastructure Building Information Modelling (I-BIM) / Pavement design and innovative bituminous materials/ Recycling and re-use in road pavements, environmentally sustainable technologies/ Stone pavements, ancient roads and historic railways/ Cementitious stabilization of materials used in the rehabilitation of transportation infrastructure. Transport Systems Sustainable transport and the environment protection including green vehicles/ Urban transport, land use development, spatial and transport planning/ Bicycling, bike, bike-sharing systems, cycling mobility/ Human factor in transport systems/ Intelligent Mobility: emerging technologies to enable the smarter movement of people and goods/Airport landside: access roads, parking facilities, terminal facilities, aircraft apron and the azdjacent taxiway/ Transportation policy, planning and design, modelling and decision making/ Transport economics, finance and pricing issues, optimization problems, equity appraisal/ Road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections/ Tunnels and underground structures: preventing incidents-accidents mitigating their effects for both people and goods/ Traffic flow characteristics, traffic control devices, work zone traffic control, highway capacity and quality of service/ Track-vehicle interactions in railway systems, capacity analysis of railway networks/ Risk assessment and safety in air and railway transport, reliability aspects/ Maritime transport and inland waterways transport research/ Intermodal freight transport: terminals and logistics.

Transit Oriented Development

Transit Oriented Development
Author: John L. Renne
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2016-02-17
ISBN 10: 1317007328
ISBN 13: 9781317007326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transit Oriented Development Book Review:

Transit Oriented Development: Making it Happen brings together the different stakeholders and disciplines that are involved in the conception and implementation of TOD to provide a comprehensive overview of the realization of this concept in Australia, North America, Asia and Europe. The book identifies the challenges facing TOD and through a series of key international case studies demonstrates ways to overcome and avoid them. The insights gleaned from these encompass policy and regulation, urban design solutions, issues for local governance, the need to work with community and the commercial realities of TOD.

Drawdown

Drawdown
Author: Paul Hawken
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-04-18
ISBN 10: 1524704652
ISBN 13: 9781524704650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drawdown Book Review:

• New York Times bestseller • The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming, based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the world “At this point in time, the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible, conservative solution-by-solution narrative that we can do it. Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis. Reported by-effects include increased determination and a sense of grounded hope.” —Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming “There’s been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can do and what impact it can have. There remains no single, comprehensive, reliable compendium of carbon-reduction solutions across sectors. At least until now. . . . The public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom.” —David Roberts, Vox “This is the ideal environmental sciences textbook—only it is too interesting and inspiring to be called a textbook.” —Peter Kareiva, Director of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA In the face of widespread fear and apathy, an international coalition of researchers, professionals, and scientists have come together to offer a set of realistic and bold solutions to climate change. One hundred techniques and practices are described here—some are well known; some you may have never heard of. They range from clean energy to educating girls in lower-income countries to land use practices that pull carbon out of the air. The solutions exist, are economically viable, and communities throughout the world are currently enacting them with skill and determination. If deployed collectively on a global scale over the next thirty years, they represent a credible path forward, not just to slow the earth’s warming but to reach drawdown, that point in time when greenhouse gases in the atmosphere peak and begin to decline. These measures promise cascading benefits to human health, security, prosperity, and well-being—giving us every reason to see this planetary crisis as an opportunity to create a just and livable world.

Readings in Development Microeconomics

Readings in Development Microeconomics
Author: Pranab K. Bardhan,Christopher Udry
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9780262522830
ISBN 13: 0262522837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Readings in Development Microeconomics Book Review:

Volume II of this two-volume set focuses on empirical work.

The Future of Productivity

The Future of Productivity
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2015-12-11
ISBN 10: 9264248536
ISBN 13: 9789264248533
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Productivity Book Review:

This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

The Right to Transportation

The Right to Transportation
Author: Thomas Sanchez
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2018-05-04
ISBN 10: 1351177885
ISBN 13: 9781351177887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Right to Transportation Book Review:

Does transportation affect the lives of minority, low-income, elderly, and physically disabled citizens? The answer is yes, and those effects can be profound, according to The Right to Transportation. The authors argue that transportation policies can limit access to education, jobs, and services for some individuals while undermining the economy and social cohesion of entire communities. Policies that have nurtured the U.S. highway system and let public transportation wither have also led to ghettos and social isolation. More and more communities are recognizing the problem. This book explains the strategies and policies that can address inequities in the nation's transportation and transportation planning systems so that the benefits and burdens of those systems can be shared equally across all communities. With a close examination of how transportation policies affect individuals and communities, the book is a guide to transportation fairness. It explains the demographic trends, historical events, and current policies that have shaped transportation in the U.S. and offers recommendations for moving to equity.