Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome
Author: Konstadinos G. Goulias,Adam W. Davis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 732
Release: 2019-10-29
ISBN 10: 0128173416
ISBN 13: 9780128173411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome Book Review:

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome covers the latest research on the biological, motivational, cognitive, situational, and dispositional factors that drive activity-travel behavior. Organized into three sections, Retrospective and Prospective Survey of Travel Behavior Research, New Research Methods and Findings, and Future Research, the chapters of this book provide evidence of progress made in the most recent years in four dimensions of the travel behavior genome. These dimensions are Substantive Problems, Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks, Behavioral Measurement, and Behavioral Analysis. Including the movement of goods as well as the movement of people, the book shows how traveler values, norms, attitudes, perceptions, emotions, feelings, and constraints lead to observed behavior; how to design efficient infrastructure and services to meet tomorrow’s needs for accessibility and mobility; how to assess equity and distributional justice; and how to assess and implement policies for improving sustainability and quality of life. Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome examines the paradigm shift toward more dynamic, user-centric, demand-responsive transport services, including the "sharing economy," mobility as a service, automation, and robotics. This volume provides research directions to answer behavioral questions emerging from these upheavals. Offers a wide variety of approaches from leading travel behavior researchers from around the world Provides a complete map of the methods, skills, and knowledge needed to work in travel behavior Describes the state of the art in travel behavior research, providing key directions for future research

The Evolving Impacts of ICT on Activities and Travel Behavior

The Evolving Impacts of ICT on Activities and Travel Behavior
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2019-09-10
ISBN 10: 0128162147
ISBN 13: 9780128162149
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolving Impacts of ICT on Activities and Travel Behavior Book Review:

The Evolving Impacts of ICT on Activities and Travel Behavior, Volume Three in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series, assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world on the topic. This new volume highlights ICT as a Resilient Travel Behavior Alternative; The Past, Present and Future of Travel Time Use; The Intersection of Transportation and Telecommunications in Demand Forecasting and Traffic Management; International Journey Planning System to Welcoming MaaS; An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship Between Mobile Internet Usage and Activity-Travel Behavior; Travel Time Perception and Time Use in an Era of Automated Driving, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series Updated release includes the latest information on the evolving impact of ICT on activities and travel behavior

Models and Technologies for Smart Sustainable and Safe Transportation Systems

Models and Technologies for Smart  Sustainable and Safe Transportation Systems
Author: Stefano de Luca,Roberta Di Pace,Chiara Fiori
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2021-07-28
ISBN 10: 1838808027
ISBN 13: 9781838808020
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models and Technologies for Smart Sustainable and Safe Transportation Systems Book Review:

Innovative and smart mobility systems are expected to make transportation systems more sustainable, inclusive, and safe. Because of changing mobility paradigms, transport planning and design require different methodological approaches. Over twelve chapters, this book examines and analyzes Mobility as a Service (MaaS), travel behavior, traffic control, intelligent transportation system design, electric, connected, and automated vehicles, and much more.

Urban Informatics

Urban Informatics
Author: Wenzhong Shi,Michael F. Goodchild,Michael Batty,Mei-Po Kwan,Anshu Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 941
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN 10: 9811589836
ISBN 13: 9789811589836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Informatics Book Review:

This open access book is the first to systematically introduce the principles of urban informatics and its application to every aspect of the city that involves its functioning, control, management, and future planning. It introduces new models and tools being developed to understand and implement these technologies that enable cities to function more efficiently – to become ‘smart’ and ‘sustainable’. The smart city has quickly emerged as computers have become ever smaller to the point where they can be embedded into the very fabric of the city, as well as being central to new ways in which the population can communicate and act. When cities are wired in this way, they have the potential to become sentient and responsive, generating massive streams of ‘big’ data in real time as well as providing immense opportunities for extracting new forms of urban data through crowdsourcing. This book offers a comprehensive review of the methods that form the core of urban informatics from various kinds of urban remote sensing to new approaches to machine learning and statistical modelling. It provides a detailed technical introduction to the wide array of tools information scientists need to develop the key urban analytics that are fundamental to learning about the smart city, and it outlines ways in which these tools can be used to inform design and policy so that cities can become more efficient with a greater concern for environment and equity.

Autonomous Vehicle Ethics

Autonomous Vehicle Ethics
Author: Ryan Jenkins,David Cerny,Tomas Hribek
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 529
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 0197639194
ISBN 13: 9780197639191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autonomous Vehicle Ethics Book Review:

"A runaway trolley is speeding down a track..." So begins what is perhaps the most fecund thought experiment of the past several decades since its invention by Philippa Foot. Since then, moral philosophers have applied the "trolley problem" as a thought experiment to study many different ethical conflicts - and chief among them is the programming of autonomous vehicles. Nowadays, however, very few philosophers accept that the trolley problem is a perfect analogy for driverless cars or that the situations autonomous vehicles face will resemble the forced choice of the unlucky bystander in the original thought experiment. This book represents a substantial and purposeful effort to move the academic discussion beyond the trolley problem to the broader ethical, legal, and social implications that autonomous vehicles present. There are still urgent questions waiting to be addressed, for example: how AVs might interact with human drivers in mixed or "hybrid" traffic environments; how AVs might reshape our urban landscapes; what unique security or privacy concerns are raised by AVs as connected devices in the "Internet of Things"; how the benefits and burdens of this new technology, including mobility, traffic congestion, and pollution, will be distributed throughout society; and more. This book is an attempt to map the landscape of these next-generation questions and to suggest preliminary answers, with input from the disciplines of philosophy, sociology, economics, urban planning and transportation engineering, business ethics and more, and represents a worldwide variety of perspectives"--

Gene Mapping

Gene Mapping
Author: George J. Annas,Edward R Utley Professor of Health Law Director of Law Medicine and Ethics Program Health George J Annas, J.D., M.P.H.,Sherman Elias,Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Sherman Elias, MD
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 291
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015026935638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gene Mapping Book Review:

This timely work brings together a group of the nation's leading experts in genetics, medicine, history of science, health, law, philosophy of science, and medical ethics to assess the current state of modern human genetics, and to begin to chart the legal and ethical guidelines needed to prevent the misuse of human genetics from leading to the abuse of human beings. The six sections of the book, read together, map the social policy con tours of modern human genetics. The first part describes the science of the Human Genome Project. The second addresses specific social policy implications, including the relevance of recombinant DNA history, the eugenics legacy, military applications, and issues of race and class in the context of genetic discrimination. Broader philosophical issues, including reductionism and determinism, the concept of disease, and using germline gene therapy to "improve" human beings are discussed in the third part.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author: Bruce Alberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780815332183
ISBN 13: 0815332181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book Review:

Handbook of Behavior Genetics

Handbook of Behavior Genetics
Author: Yong-Kyu Kim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2009-03-25
ISBN 10: 0387767274
ISBN 13: 9780387767277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Behavior Genetics Book Review:

This handbook provides research guidelines to study roles of the genes and other factors involved in a variety of complex behaviors. Utilizing methodologies and theories commonly used in behavior genetics, each chapter features an overview of the selected topic, current issues, as well as current and future research.

Journey from Cognition to Brain to Gene

Journey from Cognition to Brain to Gene
Author: Ursula Bellugi,Marie St. George,Albert M. Galaburda
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9780262523127
ISBN 13: 0262523124
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journey from Cognition to Brain to Gene Book Review:

A blueprint for the investigation of neurodevelopmental disorders, this book presents the work of a team of scientists using a multidisciplinary, integrated approach to link genes with human behavior. Using Williams syndrome as a model, leading researchers in neuroanatomy, neurocognition, neurophysiology, and molecular genetics have built bridges between disciplines to link higher cognitive functions, their underlying neurobiological bases, and their molecular genetic underpinnings. One of the book's many strengths is that the scientists from each discipline studied the same individuals with Williams syndrome. As the book shows, Williams syndrome is a fascinating disorder because of the "peaks and valleys" among cognitive domains: severe intellectual deficits but remarkably spared and effusive language; specific impairment in spatial construction but great strength in face processing and sociability. By capitalizing on these dissociations in higher cognitive functioning, the book provides a model for the study of brain-behavior relationships as well as for the mapping of brain and behavior phenotypes to the genome and beyond. Contributors Ralph Adolphs, Twyla Alvarez, Lawrence Appelbaum, Ursula Bellugi, Dennis Burian, Xiao-Ning Chen, Michael Chiles, Stephan Eliez, Albert Galaburda, Hanao Hirota, Wendy Jones, Julie Korenberg, Zona Lai, Liz Lichtenberger, Alan Lincoln, Rumiko Matsuoka, Debra Mills, Helen Neville, Judy Reilly, Allan Reiss, Bruce Roe, Marie St. George, J. Eric Schmidtt, Erica Straus

Exploding the Gene Myth

Exploding the Gene Myth
Author: Ruth Hubbard
Publsiher: Beacon Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 1999-05-01
ISBN 10: 9780807004319
ISBN 13: 0807004316
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploding the Gene Myth Book Review:

How Genetic Information Is Produced and Manipulated by Scientists, Physicians, Employers, Insurance Companies, Educators, and Law Enforcers

A Life Decoded

A Life Decoded
Author: J. Craig Venter
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2007-10-18
ISBN 10: 1101202564
ISBN 13: 9781101202562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Life Decoded Book Review:

The triumphant memoir of the man behind one of the greatest feats in scientific history Of all the scientific achievements of the past century, perhaps none can match the deciphering of the human genetic code, both for its technical brilliance and for its implications for our future. In A Life Decoded, J. Craig Venter traces his rise from an uninspired student to one of the most fascinating and controversial figures in science today. Here, Venter relates the unparalleled drama of the quest to decode the human genome?a goal he predicted he could achieve years earlier and more cheaply than the government-sponsored Human Genome Project, and one that he fulfilled in 2001. A thrilling story of detection, A Life Decoded is also a revealing, and often troubling, look at how science is practiced today.

Race Decoded

Race Decoded
Author: Catherine Bliss
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2012-05-23
ISBN 10: 0804782059
ISBN 13: 9780804782050
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Race Decoded Book Review:

In 2000, with the success of the Human Genome Project, scientists declared the death of race in biology and medicine. But within five years, many of these same scientists had reversed course and embarked upon a new hunt for the biological meaning of race. Drawing on personal interviews and life stories, Race Decoded takes us into the world of elite genome scientists—including Francis Collins, director of the NIH; Craig Venter, the first person to create a synthetic genome; and Spencer Wells, National Geographic Society explorer-in-residence, among others—to show how and why they are formulating new ways of thinking about race. In this original exploration, Catherine Bliss reveals a paradigm shift, both at the level of science and society, from colorblindness to racial consciousness. Scientists have been fighting older understandings of race in biology while simultaneously promoting a new grand-scale program of minority inclusion. In selecting research topics or considering research design, scientists routinely draw upon personal experience of race to push the public to think about race as a biosocial entity, and even those of the most privileged racial and social backgrounds incorporate identity politics in the scientific process. Though individual scientists may view their positions differently—whether as a black civil rights activist or a white bench scientist—all stakeholders in the scientific debates are drawing on memories of racial discrimination to fashion a science-based activism to fight for social justice.

Bibliographic Index

Bibliographic Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015079882570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliographic Index Book Review:

The Gene

The Gene
Author: Siddhartha Mukherjee
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2016-05-17
ISBN 10: 1476733538
ISBN 13: 9781476733531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Gene Book Review:

The #1 NEW YORK TIMES Bestseller The basis for the PBS Ken Burns Documentary The Gene: An Intimate History Now includes an excerpt from Siddhartha Mukherjee’s new book Song of the Cell! From the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of The Emperor of All Maladies—a fascinating history of the gene and “a magisterial account of how human minds have laboriously, ingeniously picked apart what makes us tick” (Elle). “Sid Mukherjee has the uncanny ability to bring together science, history, and the future in a way that is understandable and riveting, guiding us through both time and the mystery of life itself.” —Ken Burns “Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee dazzled readers with his Pulitzer Prize-winning The Emperor of All Maladies in 2010. That achievement was evidently just a warm-up for his virtuoso performance in The Gene: An Intimate History, in which he braids science, history, and memoir into an epic with all the range and biblical thunder of Paradise Lost” (The New York Times). In this biography Mukherjee brings to life the quest to understand human heredity and its surprising influence on our lives, personalities, identities, fates, and choices. “Mukherjee expresses abstract intellectual ideas through emotional stories…[and] swaddles his medical rigor with rhapsodic tenderness, surprising vulnerability, and occasional flashes of pure poetry” (The Washington Post). Throughout, the story of Mukherjee’s own family—with its tragic and bewildering history of mental illness—reminds us of the questions that hang over our ability to translate the science of genetics from the laboratory to the real world. In riveting and dramatic prose, he describes the centuries of research and experimentation—from Aristotle and Pythagoras to Mendel and Darwin, from Boveri and Morgan to Crick, Watson and Franklin, all the way through the revolutionary twenty-first century innovators who mapped the human genome. “A fascinating and often sobering history of how humans came to understand the roles of genes in making us who we are—and what our manipulation of those genes might mean for our future” (Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel), The Gene is the revelatory and magisterial history of a scientific idea coming to life, the most crucial science of our time, intimately explained by a master. “The Gene is a book we all should read” (USA TODAY).

Biocode

Biocode
Author: Dawn Field,Neil Davies
Publsiher: American Chemical Society
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 0199687757
ISBN 13: 9780199687756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocode Book Review:

In Biocode, Dawn Field and Neil Davies capture the scale and excitement of the rapidly growing field of genomics. From automatic DNA sequencing of newborns to synthetic life, and the sequencing of whole ecosystems, genomics is set to revolutionize our understanding of life on Earth and affect us all.

Evolvable Systems

Evolvable Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015047352318
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolvable Systems Book Review:

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN 10: 0309452961
ISBN 13: 9780309452960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communities in Action Book Review:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Neurobiology of Chemical Communication

Neurobiology of Chemical Communication
Author: Carla Mucignat-Caretta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2014-02-14
ISBN 10: 1466553413
ISBN 13: 9781466553415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Chemical Communication Book Review:

Intraspecific communication involves the activation of chemoreceptors and subsequent activation of different central areas that coordinate the responses of the entire organism—ranging from behavioral modification to modulation of hormones release. Animals emit intraspecific chemical signals, often referred to as pheromones, to advertise their presence to members of the same species and to regulate interactions aimed at establishing and regulating social and reproductive bonds. In the last two decades, scientists have developed a greater understanding of the neural processing of these chemical signals. Neurobiology of Chemical Communication explores the role of the chemical senses in mediating intraspecific communication. Providing an up-to-date outline of the most recent advances in the field, it presents data from laboratory and wild species, ranging from invertebrates to vertebrates, from insects to humans. The book examines the structure, anatomy, electrophysiology, and molecular biology of pheromones. It discusses how chemical signals work on different mammalian and non-mammalian species and includes chapters on insects, Drosophila, honey bees, amphibians, mice, tigers, and cattle. It also explores the controversial topic of human pheromones. An essential reference for students and researchers in the field of pheromones, this is also an ideal resource for those working on behavioral phenotyping of animal models and persons interested in the biology/ecology of wild and domestic species.

Evolution Through Genetic Exchange

Evolution Through Genetic Exchange
Author: Michael L Arnold
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2006-07-27
ISBN 10: 0198570066
ISBN 13: 9780198570066
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution Through Genetic Exchange Book Review:

More and more data indicate that evolution has resulted in lineages consisting of mosaics of genes derived from different ancestors. It is therefore becoming increasingly clear that the tree is an inadequate metaphor of evolutionary change. In this book, Arnold promotes the 'web-of-life' metaphor as a more appropriate representation of evolutionary change in all lifeforms.

Revisiting Race in a Genomic Age

Revisiting Race in a Genomic Age
Author: Barbara A. Koenig,Sandra Soo-Jin Lee,Sarah S. Richardson
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 081354324X
ISBN 13: 9780813543246
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Revisiting Race in a Genomic Age Book Review:

Revisting Race in the Genomic Age takes a cutting-edge look at emerging genetic technologies and their impact on current conceptions of race and human identity. Essays will explore genomic science as an important anthropological and sociological case in the development of race theory as well as examine the social, ethical, and legal implications of emerging genomic technologies. Philosophers join anthropologists and scientists working in human genetic variation research to make this a truly interdisciplinary work. Following the introduction, essays in section one will present the conceptual frameworks on race as related to human genetic variation research. The heart of the book is made of up three sections focusing on three significant themes in this emerging cross-disciplinary engagement. Sections are "Race-targeted Research and Therapeutics," "Genetic Ancestry, Identity, and Group Membership," and "Race and Genetics in Public Discourse."