Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences
Author: Michel Lamothe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2019-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128172445
ISBN 13: 0128172444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences Book Review:

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences covers the exponential number of applications and significant advances in methodology that have come to light since the early 2000s. It addition, it presents other aspects of the topic, including luminescence physics, its solid-state phenomenology, and theoretical and applied dosimetry. This book bridges the divide between users and practitioners of luminescence dating by reaching a large community of users in geology, geomorphology and archaeology. It will appeal to students, faculty members and private industry researchers, providing a brief discussion of the basic principles of luminescence dating. These principles will be further illustrated through case studies that examine both the potential and the limitations of luminescence dating. Covers basic physics and solid-state background principles Features case studies that illuminate both the potential and limitations of luminescence dating Includes instructions for recently developed technical tools, statistical packages, and field and laboratory protocols

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology  Anthropology  and Geoarchaeology
Author: Ioannis Liritzis,Ashok Kumar Singhvi,James K. Feathers,Gunther A. Wagner,Annette Kadereit,Nikolaos Zacharias,Sheng-Hua Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2013-07-05
ISBN 10: 3319001701
ISBN 13: 9783319001708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology Book Review:

The field of Luminescence Dating has reached a level of maturity. Both research and applications from all fields of archaeological science, from archaeological materials to anthropology and geoarchaeology, now routinely employ luminescence dating. The advent of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques and the potential for exploring a spectrum of grain aliquots enhanced the applicability, accuracy and the precision of luminescence dating. The present contribution reviews the physical basis, mechanisms and methodological aspects of luminescence dating; discusses advances in instrumentations and facilities, improvements in analytical procedures, and statistical treatment of data along with some examples of applications across continents, covering all periods (Middle Palaeolithic to Medieval) and both Old and New World archaeology. They also include interdisciplinary applications that contribute to palaeo-landscape reconstruction.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments
Author: William M. Last,John P. Smol
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN 10: 030647669X
ISBN 13: 9780306476693
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Book Review:

Origins of fallout radionuclides Sediment records of fallout radionuclides Simple dating models Vertical mixing Numerical techniques Radiometric techniques Discussion Summary Acknowledgements References 10. chronostratigraphic techniques in paleolimnology. Svante Björck & Barbara Wohlfarth 205 Introduction Methods and problems Radiocarbon-dating different fractions of the sediment as a chronostratigraphic tool Dating of long (old) stratigraphies High resolution dating and wiggle matching dating versus absolute dating techniques of lacustrine sediments Concluding remarks Summary Useful www addresses Acknowledgements References 11. Varve chronology techniques. Scott Lamoureux 247 Introduction Methods Summary and future directions Acknowledgements References 12. Luminescence dating. Olav B. Lian & D.J. Huntley 261 Introduction The mechanism responsible for luminescence Dating and estimation of the paleodose Thermoluminescence dating Optical dating Evaluating the environmental dose rate xi Sample collection and preparation What types of depositional environments are suitable for luminescence dating? What can lead to an inaccurate optical age? Summary Acknowledgements References 13. Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating in lacustrine environments. Bonnie A.B. Blackwell 283 Introduction Principles of ESR analysis Sample collection ESR analysis ESR microscopy and other new techniques Applications and datable materials in limnological settings Summary Acknowledgements References 14. Use of paleomagnetism in studies of lake sediments. John King & John Peck 371 Introduction Recording fidelity of geomagnetic behavior by sediments Field and laboratory methods Holocene SV records Magnetostratigraphic studies of Neogene lake sediments Excursions, short events and relative paleointensity Conclusions Summary References 15. Amino acid racemization (AAR) dating and analysis in lacustrine environments.

Santorini

Santorini
Author: Walter L. Friedrich
Publsiher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2009-10-27
ISBN 10: 8779347479
ISBN 13: 9788779347472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Santorini Book Review:

When the Greek island of Santorini, classically known as Thera, erupted dramatically in 1613 BC (+/- 13 years), it produced one of the largest explosions ever witnessed, thereby possibly giving rise to the legend of Atlantis. This so-called 'Minoan' eruption triggered tsunamis that devastated coastal settlements in the region, and on Santorini it left behind a Bronze Age Pompeii, which is currently being excavated. Thriving Bronze Age settlements on the island - rich in colorful wall paintings and highly sophisticated pottery - were buried under thick layers of volcanic ash. The ejection of an immense volume of dust into the atmosphere also altered global climate for several years. The author, a well-known geologist, blends the thrill of scientific discovery with a popular presentation of the geology, archeology, history, peoples, and environmental settings of the island group of Santorini. He not only gives a comprehensive overview of the volcanic island and its past, but also reports on the latest discoveries: The finding, for example, of the olive trees which had been buried alive by the Minoan eruption has made it possible now to give a direct and precise radiocarbon date for the volcanic catastrophe. Furthermore, he seeks to assign certain geological structures, such as faulted rocks, red lavas and harbor sites, as depicted on the Bronze Age frescos from Santorini, to still-existing details in the Santorini landscape of today. Excellent color photographs and illustrations along with easily understandable scientific and historic details will make this book highly appealing to a wide audience. It will also be useful as a supplementary text for introductory courses in earth and atmospheric science, geology, volcanology, and paleoclimatology, as well as ancient history and archeology.

Optical Technologies in the Humanities

Optical Technologies in the Humanities
Author: Dieter Dirksen,Gert von Bally
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642608728
ISBN 13: 9783642608728
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Technologies in the Humanities Book Review:

New high-tech developments in the field of optics show increasing applicability not only in classical technological fields but also in the humanities. This book contains selected contributions to an international, interdisciplinary joint conference on "New Technologies in the Humanities" and "Optics Within Life Sciences". Its objective is to forward interdisciplinary information and communication between specialists in optics, medicine, biology, environmental sciences, and cultural heritage. It is unique as a presentation of new optical technologies for cultural heritage protection.

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia
Author: E. M. Scott,Andrey Yu. Alekseev,Ganna Zaitseva
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2006-02-25
ISBN 10: 1402026560
ISBN 13: 9781402026560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia Book Review:

This book is a collection of the articles presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW 979859) held in St. Petersburg, from the 15-18 November 2003 in the Hermitage Museum. The title of the workshop was “The impact of the environment on Human Migration in Eurasia”. More than 40 scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania and Latvia took part. The themes of the workshop focused on the origin, development, interactions, and migrations of prehistoric and ancient populations, specifically the Scythians, in Eurasia and their relationships with the environment of the time. The discussion of these questions necessitated the participation of specialists from a wide range of academic fields. Beyond any doubt, the environment played an important role in the life of ancient nomadic populations, forming the basis of their economies and influencing various aspects of their mode of life. In this respect, the collaboration of specialists in the Humanities and Science is essential for the solution of scientific questions concerning these peoples. Over the past few years, a large amount of new proxy data related to environmental changes during the Pleistocene and the Holocene and their impact on human life has become available. Our discussion was predominantly limited to environmental changes related to the Holocene. In st this period of about 10000 years, the main focus was on the 1 millennium BC.

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science
Author: Maurice Schwartz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1213
Release: 2006-11-08
ISBN 10: 1402038801
ISBN 13: 9781402038808
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science Book Review:

This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 3576
Release: 2006-11-24
ISBN 10: 0080547826
ISBN 13: 9780080547824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science Book Review:

The quaternary sciences constitute a dynamic, multidisciplinary field of research that has been growing in scientific and societal importance in recent years. This branch of the Earth sciences links ancient prehistory to modern environments. Quaternary terrestrial sediments contain the fossil remains of existing species of flora and fauna, and their immediate predecessors. Quaternary science plays an integral part in such important issues for modern society as groundwater resources and contamination, sea level change, geologic hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis), and soil erosion. With over 360 articles and 2,600 pages, many in full-color, the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science provides broad ranging, up-to-date articles on all of the major topics in the field. Written by a team of leading experts and under the guidance of an international editorial board, the articles are at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. 360 individual articles written by prominent international authorities, encompassing all important aspects of quaternary science Each entry provides comprehensive, in-depth treatment of an overview topic and presented in a functional, clear and uniform layout Reference section provides guidence for further research on the topic Article text supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert

Earth Sciences and Archaeology

Earth Sciences and Archaeology
Author: Paul Goldberg,Vance T. Holliday,C. Reid Ferring
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 513
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1461511836
ISBN 13: 9781461511830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth Sciences and Archaeology Book Review:

This volume brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
Author: W. Jack Rink,Jeroen W. Thompson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 978
Release: 2015-08-15
ISBN 10: 9789400763036
ISBN 13: 9400763034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods Book Review:

This volume provides an overview of (1) the physical and chemical foundations of dating methods and (2) the applications of dating methods in the geological sciences, biology, and archaeology, in almost 200 articles from over 200 international authors. It will serve as the most comprehensive treatise on widely accepted dating methods in the earth sciences and related fields. No other volume has a similar scope, in terms of methods and applications and particularly time range. Dating methods are used to determine the timing and rate of various processes, such as sedimentation (terrestrial and marine), tectonics, volcanism, geomorphological change, cooling rates, crystallization, fluid flow, glaciation, climate change and evolution. The volume includes applications in terrestrial and extraterrestrial settings, the burgeoning field of molecular-clock dating and topics in the intersection of earth sciences with forensics. The content covers a broad range of techniques and applications. All major accepted dating techniques are included, as well as all major datable materials.

Luminescence

Luminescence
Author: Jagannathan Thirumalai
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN 10: 9535127624
ISBN 13: 9789535127628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Book Review:

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Luminescence Dating of Quaternary Volcanic Events

Luminescence Dating of Quaternary Volcanic Events
Author: Morteza Fattahi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 82
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015051811894
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Luminescence Dating of Quaternary Volcanic Events Book Review:

A Biographical Dictionary of Contributors to the Natural History of the Free State and Lesotho

A Biographical Dictionary of Contributors to the Natural History of the Free State and Lesotho
Author: Rodney Moffett
Publsiher: UJ Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2014-02-01
ISBN 10: 1920382356
ISBN 13: 9781920382353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Biographical Dictionary of Contributors to the Natural History of the Free State and Lesotho Book Review:

This work briefly records the lives and achievements of 502 men and women who contributed, or are still contributing, to the natural history of the Free State and Lesotho, between 1829 and 2013.

The New Natural History of Madagascar

The New Natural History of Madagascar
Author: Steven M. Goodman
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 2296
Release: 2022-11-15
ISBN 10: 0691222622
ISBN 13: 9780691222622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Natural History of Madagascar Book Review:

A marvelously illustrated reference to the natural wonders of one of the most spectacular places on earth Separated from Africa’s mainland for tens of millions of years, Madagascar has evolved a breathtaking wealth of biodiversity, becoming home to thousands of species found nowhere else on the planet. The New Natural History of Madagascar provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date synthesis available of this island nation’s priceless biological treasures. Now fully revised and expanded, this beautifully illustrated compendium features contributions by more than 600 globally renowned experts who cover the history of scientific exploration in Madagascar, as well as the island’s geology and soils, climate, forest ecology, human ecology, marine and coastal ecosystems, plants, invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. This invaluable two-volume reference also includes detailed discussions of conservation efforts in Madagascar that showcase several successful protected area programs that can serve as models for threatened ecosystems throughout the world. Provides the most comprehensive overview of Madagascar’s rich natural historyCoedited by 18 different specialistsFeatures hundreds of new contributions by world-class expertsIncludes hundreds of new illustrationsCovers a broad array of topics, from geology and climate to animals, plants, and marine lifeSheds light on newly discovered species and draws on the latest scienceAn essential resource for anyone interested in Madagascar or tropical ecosystems in general, from biologists and conservationists to ecotourists and armchair naturalists

Dating Quaternary Sediments

Dating Quaternary Sediments
Author: Don J. Easterbrook
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 165
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 0813722276
ISBN 13: 9780813722276
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dating Quaternary Sediments Book Review:

Archaeological Method and Theory

Archaeological Method and Theory
Author: Linda Ellis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2003-12-16
ISBN 10: 113558284X
ISBN 13: 9781135582845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeological Method and Theory Book Review:

This Encyclopedia brings together the most recent scientific information on a collection of subjects that are too often - and inconveniently - treated in separate publications. It provides a survey of archaeological method and theory, as well as the application of physical and biological sciences in archaeological research. Every aspect of archaeological work is represented, from the discovery process to the ultimate disposition of materials. Thus the reader will find entries on subject matter covering: * disciplinary theory * legislation affecting the work of archaeologists * pre-excavation surveying * excavation methodology * on-site conservation techniques * post-excavation analysis The rapid evolution of analytical technology is often superficially treated or not covered at all in textbooks or other commonly available sources. Here, the latest refinements in techniques such as radiometric dating, stable isotopic analysis, and the PCR technique of DNA analysis are presented clearly and authoritatively. The discussion of these techniques is amplified by including results of the work of professionals conducting interdisciplinary research and by covering the methodologi enhancements provided by the physical and natural sciences. Cultural property legislation, regardless of its country of origin, has affected how archaeologists conduct their work. This encyclopedia covers all major U.S. legislation developed for the protection of cultural property, including the recent Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and offers a substantial article on worldwide legislation concerning the reburial of human remains and its effects on the present and future practice of archaeology. Without some sort of conservation program at the point of excavation, valuable materials may be inadvertently contaminated or destroyed. Many simple and low-cost techniques to promote both sample integrity and long-term preservation for major classes of materials are described in this volume. Traditional treatments of method and theory usually focus on prehistoric periods and are limited in their geographic range. This volume includes discussions based on various historical periods on different continents, as reflected in entries such as Historical Archaeology, Industrial Archaeology, Medieval Archaeology, and Classical Archaeology.

Integrating Paleoclimate Stratigraphy Sedimentology Paleontology in Human Evolution and Dispersal Studies from Early Hominins to the Holocene

Integrating Paleoclimate  Stratigraphy  Sedimentology   Paleontology in Human Evolution and Dispersal Studies   from Early Hominins to the Holocene
Author: Verena E. Foerster,Christian Zeeden,Annett Junginger
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-05-25
ISBN 10: 2889762092
ISBN 13: 9782889762095
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrating Paleoclimate Stratigraphy Sedimentology Paleontology in Human Evolution and Dispersal Studies from Early Hominins to the Holocene Book Review:

250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy

250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy
Author: Christian Koeberl,David M. Bice
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2019-11-04
ISBN 10: 0813725429
ISBN 13: 9780813725420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy Book Review:

"The Umbria-Marche Apennines are entirely made of marine sedimentary rocks, representing a continuous record of the geotectonic evolution of an epeiric sea from the Early Triassic to the Pleistocene. The book includes reviews and original research works accomplished with the support of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco"--

Eva Interglaciation Forest Bed Unglaciated East central Alaska

Eva Interglaciation Forest Bed  Unglaciated East central Alaska
Author: Troy Lewis Péwé
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 70
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 9780813723198
ISBN 13: 0813723191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Eva Interglaciation Forest Bed Unglaciated East central Alaska Book Review:

The ancient, boreal Eva forest forms the centerpiece in this evaluation of the time and nature of the enfironment during an interglaciation. This title brings together results of exmaination of hundreds of loess exposures, when loess faces were still frozen in gold-mining excavation, and data on the character and age of the deposits from fission-track dating of tphra, paleomagnetism of the loess, thermoluminescnece dating of loess, and radiocarbon dating by liquid scintillation. Dendrochronology studies of trees are compared to those from trees of the modern boreal forest.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
Author: Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2020-07-25
ISBN 10: 0128156872
ISBN 13: 9780128156872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book Review:

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses