Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries
Author: Edgard Gnansounou,Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2016-12-20
ISBN 10: 0444635866
ISBN 13: 9780444635860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries Book Review:

Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries, the sixth and last book in the series on biomass-biorefineries discusses the unprecedented growth and development in the emerging concept of a global bio-based economy in which biomass-based biorefineries have attained center stage for the production of fuels and chemicals. It is envisaged that by 2020 a majority of chemicals currently being produced through a chemical route will be produced via a bio-based route. Agro-industrial residues, municipal solid wastes, and forestry wastes have been considered as the most significant feedstocks for such bio-refineries. However, for the techno-economic success of such biorefineries, it is of prime and utmost importance to understand their lifecycle assessment for various aspects. Provides state-of-art information on the basics and fundamental principles of LCA for biorefineries Contains key features for the education and understanding of integrated biorefineries Presents models that are used to cope with land-use changes and their effects on biorefineries Includes relevant case studies that illustrate main points

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts
Author: R. Praveen Kumar,Edgard Gnansounou,Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman,Gurunathan Baskar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2019-11-08
ISBN 10: 0128189975
ISBN 13: 9780128189979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts Book Review:

The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes
Author: Jhuma Sadhukhan,Kok Siew Ng,Elias Martinez Hernandez
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2014-08-25
ISBN 10: 1118698169
ISBN 13: 9781118698167
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes Book Review:

As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.

Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery
Author: Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey,S.Venkata Mohan,Duu-Jong Lee,Samir Kumar Khanal
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 890
Release: 2018-04-13
ISBN 10: 0444639934
ISBN 13: 9780444639936
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Biorefinery Book Review:

Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives offers data-based information on the most cutting-edge processes for the utilisation of biogenic waste to produce biofuels, energy products, and biochemicals – a critical aspect of biorefinery. The book explores recent developments in biochemical and thermo-chemical methods of conversion and the potential generated by different kinds of biomass in more decentralized biorefineries. Additionally, the book discusses the move from 200 years of raw fossil materials to renewable resources and how this shift is accompanied by fundamental changes in industrial manufacturing technologies (from chemistry to biochemistry) and in logistics and manufacturing concepts (from petrochemical refineries to biorefineries). Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives designs concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all types of biogenic wastes, and to integrate processes that convert byproduct streams to high-value products, achieving higher cost benefits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and students studying biomass, biorefineries, and biofuels/products/processes, as well as chemists, biochemical/chemical engineers, microbiologists, and biotechnologists working in industries and government agencies. Details the most advanced and innovative methods for biomass conversion Covers biochemical and thermo-chemical processes as well as product development Discusses the integration of technologies to produce bio-fuels, energy products, and biochemicals Illustrates specific applications in numerous case studies for reference and teaching purposes

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
Author: Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate,Jonathan Moncada Botero,Valentina Aristizábal Marulanda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 1351626256
ISBN 13: 9781351626255
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries Book Review:

Aimed at presenting a systematic design of biorefineries, the book initiates with an overview about relevance and applications explained through origin of raw materials, transformation routes and products. Then, concepts as hierarchy, sequencing and integration are considered which helps in generating a sustainable and strategic design of biorefineries. Further, framework for biorefineries based on techno-economic, environmental and social aspects is analyzed with examples to show the applications. Finally, some mass, energy and economic indices are considered to assess the biorefinery sustainability and key challenges for future development of biorefineries. Key Features Presents current state-of the-art of the biorefineries design and analyses for in depth understanding of biofuels and biomaterials Explores conceptual design of processes Concepts discussed with strong engineering approach, including design strategies and techno-economic analyses Includes bio-based materials, natural products and food products in the biorefinery concept Presentation of structured method to calculate indices of performance of biorefineries

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009-09-29
ISBN 10: 1848827210
ISBN 13: 9781848827219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries Book Review:

Industrial biorefineries have been identified as the most promising routes to the creation of a bio-based economy. Partial biorefineries already exist in some energy crop, forest-based, and lignocellulosic product facilities. Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities examines the variety of different technologies which integrated bio-based industries use to produce chemicals; biofuels; food and feed ingredients; biomaterials; and power from biomass raw materials. Conversion technologies are also covered, since biomass can be converted into useful biofuels and biochemicals via biomass upgrading and biorefinery technologies. Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities will prove a practical resource for chemical engineers, and fuel and environmental engineers. It will also be invaluable in academic fields, providing useful information for both researchers and students.

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy
Author: Arindam Kuila,Mainak Mukhopadhyay
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2020-10-20
ISBN 10: 1119591422
ISBN 13: 9781119591429
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy Book Review:

The world has shifted towards sustainable development for the generation of energy and industrially valuable chemicals. Biorefinery plays an important role in the integration of conversion process with high-end equipment facilities for the generation of energy, fuels and chemicals. The first part of the book presents the fundamentals of the biorefinery concept. The second part describes the biorefinery approach for production of several industrially important chemicals from waste biomass and agro residues. These chemicals include industrially important C4. C5 and C6 chemicals, propylene glycol, glycerol byproducts, dyes and inks etc. Each and every chemical has its own industrial value and the book describes the production processes and strategies at the industrial level. The final part of the book describes the various biorefinery approaches and economic analysis for the different types of biofuel production.

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems and Sustainable Energy Technologies

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems and Sustainable Energy Technologies
Author: Riccardo Basosi,Maurizio Cellura,Sonia Longo,Maria Laura Parisi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2018-12-15
ISBN 10: 3319937405
ISBN 13: 9783319937403
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems and Sustainable Energy Technologies Book Review:

This book deals with the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to sustainable energy systems and technologies. It reviews the state-of-the-art of the Italian experiences on the LCA applied to energy, and the most recent results from research in this field, with a particular focus on renewables, bio-energy and sustainable solutions. The contributors describe in detail the applications of LCA to various energy system topics, including: • electricity production, smart energy grids and energy storage systems;• renewable energy production from biomass;• production of biodiesel from microalgae;• environmental impacts of biomass power plants; and• geothermal energy production. These topics are supported by critical reviews and case studies, with discussions of Italian examples, demonstrating LCA’s application to various energy systems. A particular focus is placed on bio-energies and bio-energy systems, demonstrating how LCA can be used for optimal bio-energy production. This book offers an opportunity for researchers and advanced practitioners in the field of LCA to learn more about the application of LCA methodology to energy systems and technologies. It will also be of interest to students, as it enables them to understand the environmental impacts of energy systems and sustainable energy technologies, through the analysis of their life cycles.

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery
Author: Anuj Chandel,Marcos Henrique Luciano Silveira
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2017-12-14
ISBN 10: 0128045442
ISBN 13: 9780128045442
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery Book Review:

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery: Technologies, Commercialization, Policy Issues and Paradigm Shift for Bioethanol and By-Products, by Chandel and Tomé, compiles the basic and applied information covering cane and biomass processing for sugar and ethanol production, as well as by-products utilization for improving the economy of sugarcane biorefineries. In this unique collection of 14 chapters, specialists in their field provide critical insights into several topics, review the current research, and discuss future progress in this research area. The book presents the most current advances in sugarcane biorefinery, including sugarcane crop cultivation, new sugarcane varieties, soil health, mechanization of crop, technical aspects of first and second generation ethanol production, economic analysis, life cycle assessment, biomass logistics and storage, co-generation of heat and electricity, process intensification and alternative by-products utilization. The book also explores the business ecosystem of sugarcane biorefineries, marketing analysis of ethanol demand and price dwindling patterns, aiming for a futuristic scenario. This book will be especially useful for scientists, researchers and technicians who are working in the area of biomass based biorefineries, as well as professionals in the sugar and alcohol industry. It also brings relevant content for policy makers, market analysts, agriculture scientists and managers. Presents technological updates on biomass processing, system biology, microbial fermentation, catalysis, regeneration and monitoring of renewable energy and recovery processes Includes topics on techno-economic analysis, life cycle assessment, sustainability, markets and policy Explores the future potential of biorefineries with zero or near zero waste, and the potential of valorization of all by-products, including alternatives to current applications and the management of a large amount of residues

Algal Biorefinery

Algal Biorefinery
Author: Ajay K. Dalai,Vaibhav V. Goud,Sonil Nanda,Venu Babu Borugadda
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2021-07-08
ISBN 10: 1000410781
ISBN 13: 9781000410785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algal Biorefinery Book Review:

This book enables readers to understand the theoretical aspects, key steps and scientific techniques with a detailed mechanism to produce biofuels from algae. Each chapter provides the latest developments and recent advancements starting from algal cultivation techniques to the production of value-added green fuels, chemicals and products with wide applications. The volume brings together a broad range of international and interdisciplinary experts, including chemical and biological engineers, biotechnologists, process engineers, environmentalists, pharmacists and nutritionists, to one platform to explore the beneficial aspects and challenges for an algal-based biorefinery. Chapters address cutting-edge issues surrounding algal cultivation, including genetic modification of algal strains, design and optimization of photobioreactors and open-pond systems, algal oil extraction techniques and algal-derived fuel products (biodiesel, bio-gasoline, jet fuels and bio-oil). Finally, the book considers the potential environmental impacts for establishing a sustainable algal biorefinery through lifecycle analysis, techno-economic assessment and supply chain management. This book will be an important resource for students, academics and professionals interested in algal cultivation, biofuels and agricultural engineering, and renewable energy and sustainable development more broadly.

Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries
Author: Abbas Kazmi
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2011-04-01
ISBN 10: 1849731357
ISBN 13: 9781849731355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries Book Review:

This book explains how the use of whole plants and by-products can maximize efficiency in the European oil-crop supply chain.

Bio valorization of Waste

Bio valorization of Waste
Author: Shachi Shah,V. Venkatramanan,Ram Prasad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2021-02-19
ISBN 10: 9811596964
ISBN 13: 9789811596964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio valorization of Waste Book Review:

This book explores the concept and methods of waste management with a new approach of biological valorization. Waste valorization is a process that aims to reduce, reuse, and recycle the waste into usable, value-added, and environmental benign raw materials which can be a source of energy. The book brings together comprehensive information to assert that waste can be converted into a resource or a raw material for value addition. Waste valorization imbibes the natural recycling principles of zero waste, loop closing, and underlines the importance of sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives. Drawing upon research and examples from around the world, the book is offering an up-to-date account, and insight into the contours of waste valorization principles, biovalorization technologies for diverse group of wastes including agricultural, municipal, and industrial waste. It further discusses the emerging paradigms of waste valorization, waste biorefineries, valorization technologies for energy, biofuel, and biochemical production. The book meets the growing global needs for a comprehensive and holistic outlook on waste management. It is of interest to teachers, researchers, scientists, capacity builders and policymakers. Also, the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of biotechnology and environmental sciences.

Advances in Biorefineries

Advances in Biorefineries
Author: Keith W. Waldron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 936
Release: 2014-04-28
ISBN 10: 0857097385
ISBN 13: 9780857097385
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Biorefineries Book Review:

Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment
Author: Aiduan Borrion,Mairi Black,Onesmus Mwabonje
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-05-22
ISBN 10: 9781788014458
ISBN 13: 1788014456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life Cycle Assessment Book Review:

This book provides a practical guide for those who wish to use life cycle assessment as a research tool or to inform policy, process, and product improvement.

Biofuels from Algae

Biofuels from Algae
Author: Ashok Pandey,Duu-Jong Lee,Yusuf Chisti,Carlos R. Soccol
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2013-08-08
ISBN 10: 0444595821
ISBN 13: 9780444595829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels from Algae Book Review:

This book provides in-depth information on basic and applied aspects of biofuels production from algae. It begins with an introduction to the topic, and follows with the basic scientific aspects of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels production, such as photo bioreactor engineering for microalgae production, open culture systems for biomass production and the economics of biomass production. It provides state-of-the-art information on synthetic biology approaches for algae suitable for biofuels production, followed by algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen production from algae, formation/production of co-products, and more. The book also covers topics such as metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for fuel production, life cycle assessment and scale-up and commercialization. It is highly useful and helps you to plan new research and design new economically viable processes for the production of clean fuels from algae. Covers in a comprehensive but concise way most of the algae biomass conversion technologies currently available Lists all the products produced from algae, i.e. biohydrogen, fuel oils, etc., their properties and potential uses Includes the economics of the various processes and the necessary steps for scaling them up

Transportation Biofuels

Transportation Biofuels
Author: Alwin Hoogendoorn,Han van Kasteren
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1849730431
ISBN 13: 9781849730433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation Biofuels Book Review:

This book offers an insight into three promising and innovative pathways for the biological production of biodiesel, ethanol and methane.

Integrated Biorefineries

Integrated Biorefineries
Author: Paul R. Stuart,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 873
Release: 2012-12-10
ISBN 10: 1439803471
ISBN 13: 9781439803479
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Biorefineries Book Review:

Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment

Waste Biorefineries  Future Energy  Green Products and Waste Treatment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-09-24
ISBN 10: 2889459934
ISBN 13: 9782889459933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment Book Review:

Energy recovery from waste resources holds a significant role in the sustainable waste management hierarchy to support the concept of circular economies and to mitigate the challenges of waste originated problems of sanitation, environment, and public health. Today, waste disposal to landfills is the most widely used methodology, particularly in developing countries, because of limited budgets and lack of efficient infrastructure and facilities to maintain efficient and practical global standards. As a consequence, the dump-sites or non-sanitary landfills have become the significant sources of greenhouse gases emissions, soil and water contamination, unpleasant odors, leachate, and disease spreading vectors, flies, and rodents. However, waste can be utilized to produce a range of potential products such as energy, fuels and value-added products under waste biorefineries. A holistic and quantitative view, such as waste biorefinery, on waste management must be linked to the actual country, taking into account its socio-economic situation, local waste sources, and composition, as well as the available markets for the recovered energy and products. Therefore, it is critical to understand that solutions cannot be just copied from one region to the others. In fact, all waste handling, transportation, and treatment can represent a burden to the cities’ environment and macro and micro economics, except for the benefits obtained from recovered materials and energy. Equally significant is a clear and quantitative understanding of the industrial, and public potential of utilizing recovered materials and energy in the markets as these can be reached without exacerbating the environmental issues using excessive transport. The book explores new advancements and discoveries on the development of emerging waste-to-energy technologies, practical implementation, and lessons learned from sustainable wastemanagement practices under waste biorefinery concept, which will accelerate the growth of circular economies in the world. The articles presented in this book have been written by expert researchers and academics working in institutions at different countries across the world including Germany, Greece, Japan, South Korea, China, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Iran, and India. The research articles have been arranged into three main subject categories; 1) Resource recovery from waste, 2) Waste to energy technologies and 3) Waste biorefineries. This book will serve as an important resource for research students, academics, industry, policy makers, and government agencies working in the field of integrated waste management, energy and resource recovery, waste to energy technologies, waste biorefineries etc. The editorial team of this book is very grateful to all the authors for their excellent contributions and making the book successful.

Algal Biorefinery An Integrated Approach

Algal Biorefinery  An Integrated Approach
Author: Debabrata Das
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 9783319228143
ISBN 13: 3319228145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algal Biorefinery An Integrated Approach Book Review:

This book critically discusses different aspects of algal production systems and several of the drawbacks related to microalgal biomass production, namely, low biomass yield, and energy-consuming harvesting, dewatering, drying and extraction processes. These provide a background to the state-of-the-art technologies for algal cultivation, CO2 sequestration, and large-scale application of these systems. In order to tap the commercial potential of algae, a biorefinery concept has been proposed that could help to extract maximum benefits from algal biomass. This refinery concept promotes the harvesting of multiple products from the feedstock so as to make the process economically attractive. For the last few decades, algal biomass has been explored for use in various products such as fuel, agricultural crops, pigments and pharmaceuticals, as well as in bioremediation. To meet the huge demand, there has been a focus on large-scale production of algal biomass in closed or open photobioreactors. Different nutritional conditions for algal growth have been explored, such as photoautotrophic, heterotrophic, mixotrophic and oleaginous. This book is aimed at a wide audience, including undergraduates, postgraduates, academics, energy researchers, scientists in industry, energy specialists, policy makers and others who wish to understand algal biorefineries and also keep abreast of the latest developments.

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery
Author: Sunil Kumar Maity,Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2021-09-02
ISBN 10: 0128234202
ISBN 13: 9780128234204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrocarbon Biorefinery Book Review:

Sustainable production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass, fuels that are fully compatible with existing internal combustion engines, will allow the global transport economy to transition to a sustainable energy source without the need for capital-intensive new infrastructures. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels presents a comprehensive and easy to understand consolidation of existing knowledge for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels from biomass. Three major areas for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon biofuels are addressed: i) Chemical and thermochemical conversion processes, ii) Biological and biochemical conversion processes, and iii) Conversion processes of biomass-derived compounds. Additionally, the book includes process design, life cycle analysis of various processes, reaction engineering, catalysts, process conditions and process concepts, and is supported with detailed case studies. The economic viability of each process is specifically addressed to provide a clear guide for the economic development of future hydrocarbon biofuels. Hydrocarbon Biorefinery: Sustainable Processing of Biomass for Hydrocarbon Biofuels offers an all-in-one resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals working in the area of bioenergy and will be of interest to energy engineers, chemical engineers, bioengineers, chemists, agricultural researchers, and mechanical engineers. Furthermore, this book provides structured foundational content on biorefineries for undergraduate and graduate students. Presents fundamental concepts and processes of hydrocarbon biofuel production, covering chemical, biological, and biomass-derived conversion processes Synthesizes the state-of-the-art research and commercial initiatives of this emerging concept into stand-alone chapters, serving as a structured resource for researchers and practitioners Emphasizes the process design and economic feasibility of each process using life cycle assessments to support commercial development