Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences
Author: Murray Webster,Jane Sell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2014-07-01
ISBN 10: 0124051863
ISBN 13: 9780124051867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences Book Review:

While there are many books available on statistical analysis of data from experiments, there is significantly less available on the design, development, and actual conduct of the experiments. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences summarizes how to design and conduct scientifically sound experiments, be they from surveys, interviews, observations, or experimental methods. The book encompasses how to collect reliable data, the appropriate uses of different methods, and how to avoid or resolve common problems in experimental research. Case study examples illustrate how multiple methods can be used to answer the same research questions and what kinds of outcome would result from each methodology. Sound data begins with effective data collection. This book will assist students and professionals alike in sociology, marketing, political science, anthropology, economics, and psychology. Provides a comprehensive summary of issues in social science experimentation, from ethics to design, management, and financing Offers "how-to" explanations of the problems and challenges faced by everyone involved in social science experiments Pays attention to both practical problems and to theoretical and philosophical arguments Defines commonalities and distinctions within and among experimental situations across the social sciences

Research Handbook on Analytical Sociology

Research Handbook on Analytical Sociology
Author: Manzo, Gianluca
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2021-12-14
ISBN 10: 1789906857
ISBN 13: 9781789906851
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Handbook on Analytical Sociology Book Review:

Providing an up-to-date portrait of the concepts and methods of analytical sociology, this pivotal Research Handbook traces the historical evolution of the field, utilising key research examples to illustrate its core principles. It investigates how analytical sociology engages with other approaches such as analytical philosophy, structural individualism, social stratification research, complexity science, pragmatism, and critical realism, exploring the foundations of the topic as well as its major explanatory mechanisms and methods.

Population Based Survey Experiments

Population Based Survey Experiments
Author: Diana C. Mutz
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2011-07-05
ISBN 10: 1400840481
ISBN 13: 9781400840489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Population Based Survey Experiments Book Review:

Population-based survey experiments have become an invaluable tool for social scientists struggling to generalize laboratory-based results, and for survey researchers besieged by uncertainties about causality. Thanks to technological advances in recent years, experiments can now be administered to random samples of the population to which a theory applies. Yet until now, there was no self-contained resource for social scientists seeking a concise and accessible overview of this methodology, its strengths and weaknesses, and the unique challenges it poses for implementation and analysis. Drawing on examples from across the social sciences, this book covers everything you need to know to plan, implement, and analyze the results of population-based survey experiments. But it is more than just a "how to" manual. This lively book challenges conventional wisdom about internal and external validity, showing why strong causal claims need not come at the expense of external validity, and how it is now possible to execute experiments remotely using large-scale population samples. Designed for social scientists across the disciplines, Population-Based Survey Experiments provides the first complete introduction to this methodology. Offers the most comprehensive treatment of the subject Features a wealth of examples and practical advice Reexamines issues of internal and external validity Can be used in conjunction with downloadable data from ExperimentCentral.org for design and analysis exercises in the classroom

Encyclopedia of Research Design

Encyclopedia of Research Design
Author: Neil J. Salkind
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 1776
Release: 2010-06-22
ISBN 10: 1412961270
ISBN 13: 9781412961271
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Research Design Book Review:

"Comprising more than 500 entries, the Encyclopedia of Research Design explains how to make decisions about research design, undertake research projects in an ethical manner, interpret and draw valid inferences from data, and evaluate experiment design strategies and results. Two additional features carry this encyclopedia far above other works in the field: bibliographic entries devoted to significant articles in the history of research design and reviews of contemporary tools, such as software and statistical procedures, used to analyze results. It covers the spectrum of research design strategies, from material presented in introductory classes to topics necessary in graduate research; it addresses cross- and multidisciplinary research needs, with many examples drawn from the social and behavioral sciences, neurosciences, and biomedical and life sciences; it provides summaries of advantages and disadvantages of often-used strategies; and it uses hundreds of sample tables, figures, and equations based on real-life cases."--Publisher's description.

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research
Author: Gigi Foster
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2019-02-08
ISBN 10: 0128130938
ISBN 13: 9780128130933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research Book Review:

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research: Theory and Practice demonstrates the use of biophysical measurement in laboratory-based experimental social science research and the ways biophysical measures can inform analyses of human behavior. Noting the practical limitations of laboratory-based biophysical measurement, its contributors provide hands-on guidance about biophysical measurement devices. Its Introductory and concluding chapters address ethics, measurement options, and historical and scientific contexts. Highlighting examples of device adoption in experimental social science lab settings, this book makes these tools understandable and accessible to all. Demonstrates the strengths and limitations of tools in both research objectives and practicality Provides hands-on guidance for device usage and data implementation, integration and assessment Compares and contrasts the uses of biophysical data in research objectives and disciplines

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences
Author: Renita Coleman
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2018-08-27
ISBN 10: 1506377335
ISBN 13: 9781506377339
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences Book Review:

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences: How to Plan, Create, and Execute Research Using Experiments is a practical, applied text for courses in experimental design. The text assumes that students have just a basic knowledge of the scientific method, and no statistics background is required. With its focus on how to effectively design experiments, rather than how to analyze them, the book concentrates on the stage where researchers are making decisions about procedural aspects of the experiment before interventions and treatments are given. Renita Coleman walks readers step-by-step on how to plan and execute experiments from the beginning by discussing choosing and collecting a sample, creating the stimuli and questionnaire, doing a manipulation check or pre-test, analyzing the data, and understanding and interpreting the results. Guidelines for deciding which elements are best used in the creation of a particular kind of experiment are also given. This title offers rich pedagogy, ethical considerations, and examples pertinent to all social science disciplines.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods
Author: Mike Allen
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 2064
Release: 2017-04-11
ISBN 10: 1483381420
ISBN 13: 9781483381428
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods Book Review:

Communication research is evolving and changing in a world of online journals, open-access, and new ways of obtaining data and conducting experiments via the Internet. Although there are generic encyclopedias describing basic social science research methodologies in general, until now there has been no comprehensive A-to-Z reference work exploring methods specific to communication and media studies. Our entries, authored by key figures in the field, focus on special considerations when applied specifically to communication research, accompanied by engaging examples from the literature of communication, journalism, and media studies. Entries cover every step of the research process, from the creative development of research topics and questions to literature reviews, selection of best methods (whether quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) for analyzing research results and publishing research findings, whether in traditional media or via new media outlets. In addition to expected entries covering the basics of theories and methods traditionally used in communication research, other entries discuss important trends influencing the future of that research, including contemporary practical issues students will face in communication professions, the influences of globalization on research, use of new recording technologies in fieldwork, and the challenges and opportunities related to studying online multi-media environments. Email, texting, cellphone video, and blogging are shown not only as topics of research but also as means of collecting and analyzing data. Still other entries delve into considerations of accountability, copyright, confidentiality, data ownership and security, privacy, and other aspects of conducting an ethical research program. Features: 652 signed entries are contained in an authoritative work spanning four volumes available in choice of electronic or print formats. Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader’s Guide grouping entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of communication research to more easily locate directly related entries. Back matter includes a Chronology of the development of the field of communication research; a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and associations; a Glossary introducing the terminology of the field; and a detailed Index. Entries conclude with References/Further Readings and Cross-References to related entries to guide students further in their research journeys. The Index, Reader’s Guide themes, and Cross-References combine to provide robust search-and-browse in the e-version.

Natural Experiments of History

Natural Experiments of History
Author: Jared Diamond
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2012-11-01
ISBN 10: 0674076729
ISBN 13: 9780674076723
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Experiments of History Book Review:

In eight case studies by leading scholars in history, archaeology, business, economics, geography, and political science, the authors showcase the “natural experiment” or “comparative method”—well-known in any science concerned with the past—on the discipline of human history. That means, according to the editors, “comparing, preferably quantitatively and aided by statistical analyses, different systems that are similar in many respects, but that differ with respect to the factors whose influence one wishes to study.” The case studies in the book support two overall conclusions about the study of human history: First, historical comparisons have the potential for yielding insights that cannot be extracted from a single case study alone. Second, insofar as is possible, when one proposes a conclusion, one may be able to strengthen one’s conclusion by gathering quantitative evidence (or at least ranking one’s outcomes from big to small), and then by testing the conclusion’s validity statistically.

The Laboratory of the Mind

The Laboratory of the Mind
Author: James Robert Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2005-09-26
ISBN 10: 1134865791
ISBN 13: 9781134865796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Laboratory of the Mind Book Review:

Thought experiments are performed in the laboratory of the mind. Beyond this metaphor it is difficult to say just what these remarkable devices for investigating nature are or how they work. Though most scientists and philosophers would admit their great importance, there has been very little serious study of them. This volume is the first book-length investigation of thought experiments. Starting with Galileo's argument on falling bodies, Brown describes numerous examples of the most influential thought experiments from the history of science. Following this introduction to the subject, some substantial and provocative claims are made, the principle being that some thought experiments should be understood in the same way that platonists understand mathematical activity: as an intellectual grasp of an independently existing abstract realm. With its clarity of style and structure, The Laboratory of the Mind will find readers among all philosophers of science as well as scientists who have puzzled over how thought experiments work.

Lab Experiments are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences

Lab Experiments are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences
Author: Armin Falk,James J. Heckman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 11
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:475493305
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lab Experiments are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences Book Review:

Laboratory experiments are a widely used methodology for advancing causal knowledge in the physical and life sciences. With the exception of psychology, the adoption of laboratory experiments has been much slower in the social sciences, although during the last two decades, the use of lab experiments has accelerated. Nonetheless, there remains considerable resistance among social scientists who argue that lab experiments lack 'realism' and 'generalizability'. In this article we discuss the advantages and limitations of laboratory social science experiments by comparing them to research based on non-experimental data and to field experiments. We argue that many recent objections against lab experiments are misguided and that even more lab experiments should be conducted -- CESifo website.

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science
Author: James N. Druckman,Donald P. Green,James H. Kuklinski,Arthur Lupia
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2011-06-06
ISBN 10: 0521192129
ISBN 13: 9780521192125
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science Book Review:

This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of how political scientists have used experiments to transform their field of study.

Social Research

Social Research
Author: Bruce Curtis,Cate Curtis
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2011-11-14
ISBN 10: 1446291553
ISBN 13: 9781446291559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Research Book Review:

Original, fresh and relevant this is a theoretically-informed practical guide to researching social relations. The text provides a mixed methods approach that challenges historical divisions between quantitative and qualitative research. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach to social science research, drawing from areas such as sociology, social psychology and social anthropology. Explicitly addressing the concerns of emergent researchers it provides both a 'how to' account of social research and an understanding of the main factors that contextualize research by discussing 'why do' social scientists work this way. Throughout the twelve comprehensive chapters procedural (how to) accounts and contextual (why do) issues are usefully applied to major themes and substantive questions. These key themes include: (1) Research design (2) The practices of research and emergent researchers: Beyond ontology, epistemology and methodology (3) The impact of technology on research (4) Putting the research approach in context. A superb teaching text this book will be relished by lecturers seeking an authoritative introduction to social research and by students who want an accessible, enriching text to guide and inspire them.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences
Author: Byron Kaldis
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 1145
Release: 2013-04-02
ISBN 10: 1412986893
ISBN 13: 9781412986892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences Book Review:

"This encyclopedia, magnificently edited by Byron Kaldis, will become a valuable source both of reference and inspiration for all those who are interested in the interrelation between philosophy and the many facets of the social sciences. A must read for every student of the humanities." Wulf Gaertner, University of Osnabrueck, Germany "Like all good works of reference this Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is not to be treated passively: it provides clear and sometimes controversial material for constructive confrontation. It is a rich resource for critical engagement. The Encyclopedia conceived and edited by Byron Kaldis is a work of impressive scope and I am delighted to have it on my bookshelf." David Bloor, Edinburgh University "This splendid and possibly unique work steers a skilful course between narrower conceptions of philosophy and the social sciences. It will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers in either or both fields, and to anyone working on the interrelations between them." William Outhwaite, Newcastle University The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is the first of its kind in bringing the subjects of philosophy and the social sciences together. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences. The subject of the Encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark out a detailed picture of how the two are interrelated: interwoven at certain times but also differentiated and contrasted at others. The Entries cover topics of central significance but also those that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, underlining the unique mark of this Encyclopedia: the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas. The Encyclopedia serves a further dual purpose: it contributes to the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences and helps to promote novel modes of thinking about some of its classic problems.

What is Online Research

What is Online Research
Author: Tristram Hooley,Jane Wellens,John Marriott
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 161
Release: 2011-12-06
ISBN 10: 1849665249
ISBN 13: 9781849665247
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What is Online Research Book Review:

What is Online Research? is a straightforward, accessible introduction to social research online. The book covers the key issues and concerns, with sections on design,ethics and good practice.It will be key reading for social scientists of all levels.

Field Experiments

Field Experiments
Author: John A. List,Anya C. Samek
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2018-05-25
ISBN 10: 9781781952245
ISBN 13: 1781952248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Experiments Book Review:

This research review discusses the most critical and influential articles that utilise field experimentation to answer questions of economic importance. Field experiments have gained popularity in recent years, allowing researchers to infer causal effects of different market environments, policies and interventions. The articles analysed here provide insights into market functioning and individual and group decision-making across a wide range of domains, including marketplace transactions, labor decisions, charitable giving, financial planning, and education and health-related decision-making. This research review will be an important resource for students new to the methodology and applications of field experiments and academics alike.

Principles of Methodology

Principles of Methodology
Author: Perri 6,Christine Bellamy
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2011-10-17
ISBN 10: 1446291634
ISBN 13: 9781446291634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Methodology Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive, accessible guide to social science methodology. In so doing, it establishes methodology as distinct from both methods and philosophy. Most existing textbooks deal with methods, or sound ways of collecting and analysing data to generate findings. In contrast, this innovative book shows how an understanding of methodology allows us to design research so that findings can be used to answer interesting research questions and to build and test theories. Most important things in social research (e.g., beliefs, institutions, interests, practices and social classes) cannot be observed directly. This book explains how empirical research can nevertheless be designed to make sound inferences about their nature, effects and significance. The authors examine what counts as good description, explanation and interpretation, and how they can be achieved by striking intelligent trade-offs between competing design virtues. Coverage includes: • why methodology matters; • what philosophical arguments show us about inference; • competing virtues of good research design; • purposes of theory, models and frameworks; • forming researchable concepts and typologies; • explaining and interpreting: inferring causation, meaning and significance; and • combining explanation and interpretation. The book is essential reading for new researchers faced with the practical challenge of designing research. Extensive examples and exercises are provided, based on the authors' long experience of teaching methodology to multi-disciplinary groups. Perri 6 is Professor of Social Policy in the Graduate School in the College of Business, Law and Social Sciences at Nottingham Trent University. Chris Bellamy is Emeritus Professor of Public Administration in the Graduate School, Nottingham Trent University.

World as Laboratory

World as Laboratory
Author: Rebecca Lemov
Publsiher: Hill and Wang
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2006-11-28
ISBN 10: 0374707294
ISBN 13: 9780374707293
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World as Laboratory Book Review:

Deeply researched, World as Laboratory tells a secret history that's not really a secret. The fruits of human engineering are all around us: advertising, polls, focus groups, the ubiquitous habit of "spin" practiced by marketers and politicians. What Rebecca Lemov cleverly traces for the first time is how the absurd, the practical, and the dangerous experiments of the human engineers of the first half of the twentieth century left their laboratories to become our day-to-day reality.

Principles and Methods of Social Research

Principles and Methods of Social Research
Author: William D. Crano,Marilynn B. Brewer,Andrew Lac
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2014-09-09
ISBN 10: 1317666062
ISBN 13: 9781317666066
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Methods of Social Research Book Review:

Used to train generations of social scientists, this thoroughly updated classic text covers the latest research techniques and designs. Applauded for its comprehensive coverage, the breadth and depth of content is unparalleled. Through a multi-methodology approach, the text guides readers toward the design and conduct of social research from the ground up. Explained with applied examples useful to the social, behavioral, educational, and organizational sciences, the methods described are intended to be relevant to contemporary researchers. The underlying logic and mechanics of experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental research strategies are discussed in detail. Introductory chapters covering topics such as validity and reliability furnish readers with a firm understanding of foundational concepts. Chapters dedicated to sampling, interviewing, questionnaire design, stimulus scaling, observational methods, content analysis, implicit measures, dyadic and group methods, and meta-analysis provide coverage of these essential methodologies. The book is noted for its: -Emphasis on understanding the principles that govern the use of a method to facilitate the researcher’s choice of the best technique for a given situation. - Use of the laboratory experiment as a touchstone to describe and evaluate field experiments, correlational designs, quasi experiments, evaluation studies, and survey designs. -Coverage of the ethics of social research including the power a researcher wields and tips on how to use it responsibly. The new edition features: -A new co-author, Andrew Lac, instrumental in fine tuning the book’s accessible approach and highlighting the most recent developments at the intersection of design and statistics. -More learning tools including more explanation of the basic concepts, more research examples, tables, and figures, and the addition of bold faced terms, chapter conclusions, discussion questions, and a glossary. -Extensive revision of chapter (3) on measurement reliability theory that examines test theory, latent factors, factor analysis, and item response theory. -Expanded coverage of cutting-edge methodologies including mediation and moderation, reliability and validity, missing data, and more physiological approaches such as neuroimaging and fMRIs. -A new web based resource package that features Power Points and discussion and exam questions for each chapter and for students chapter outlines and summaries, key terms, and suggested readings. Intended as a text for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses in research methods (design) in psychology, communication, sociology, education, public health, and marketing, an introductory undergraduate course on research methods is recommended.

Social Scientific Research

Social Scientific Research
Author: Dawn Brancati
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2018-08-08
ISBN 10: 1526452790
ISBN 13: 9781526452795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Scientific Research Book Review:

Offering an engaging and entertaining introduction to research methods, this is a practical and easy-to-use companion for all new researchers and students in the social sciences. Covering all the key stages of the research process, this book guides students in navigating some of the biggest challenges in developing a research project. This book: Uses real-life everyday examples, connecting research methods to your experiences Includes dedicated chapters on identifying a research question, ethics and writing up your findings Comprises an array of activities, tips, illustrations and international case studies Covers qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research Bringing methods to life for students across the social sciences, this book will provide you with the confidence you need to get your research off the ground.

Multi Method Social Science

Multi Method Social Science
Author: Jason Seawright
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2016-09-08
ISBN 10: 1107097711
ISBN 13: 9781107097711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multi Method Social Science Book Review:

This book provides the first systematic guide to designing multi-method research, considering a wide range of statistical and qualitative tools.