Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
Author: Richard Fish,Peggy J. Danneman,Marilyn Brown,Alicia Karas
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2011-04-28
ISBN 10: 0080559832
ISBN 13: 9780080559834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals Book Review:

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals focuses on the special anesthetic, analgesic, and postoperative care requirements associated with experimental surgery. Fully revised and updated this new edition provides the reader with agents, methods, and techniques for anesthesia and analgesia that ensure humane and successful procedural outcomes. * Provides researchers with the most comprehensive and up-to-date review of the use of anesthesia and analgesia in laboratory animals * Thoroughly updated with new material on ferrets, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates * Includes hot topic areas such as pain research, ethical issues, legal issues, and imaging studies

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia
Author: Paul Flecknell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-04-09
ISBN 10: 9780080918990
ISBN 13: 0080918999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia Book Review:

Laboratory Animal Anesthesia looks at recent significant developments in anesthetic practices in laboratory experiments involving animals. It also provides information about basic standards for proper use of anesthesia. In addition, it examines the equipment and different anesthetic agents that are used in performing an experiment on animals. The book also discusses the profound effects of anesthesia on the physiological aspect of the animals’ body systems, such as hypothermia and respiratory depression. The book addresses the proper management and care that should be provided for the animals that undergo anesthesia. Furthermore, it covers different anesthetic procedures that should be used on various kinds of small animals intended for laboratory experiments. The main goal of this book is to provide information about the different anesthetic agents used in experiments, and the proper standards to follow when using anesthetics on lab animals. • New edition provides new information on anesthesia and analgesia, and has an extensively revised and updated bibliography • Provides a balanced consideration of the needs of scientific research and the welfare of laboratory animals • Written by a veterinary anesthetist and scientist with over 30 years' experience in the field, and who is actively engaged in research in this area • Provides rapid, easily accessed information using tabulated summaries • Provides those with limited experience of anesthesia with the information they need to carry our procedures effectively, safely, and humanely • Provides sufficient depth for the more experienced anesthetist moving to this field

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
Author: Dennis F. Kohn,Sally K. Wixson,William J. White,G. John Benson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 426
Release: 1997-05-01
ISBN 10: 0080527221
ISBN 13: 9780080527222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals Book Review:

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals focuses entirely on the special anesthetic, analgesic, and postoperative care requirements associated with experimental surgery. Sponsored by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, this informative work provides the reader with agents, methods, and techniques for anesthesia and analgesia that ensure humane and successful procedural outcomes. Focuses on a wide variety of animal species used in research Provides a comprehensive overview of the pharmacology of anesthetics and analgesics Includes monitoring of analgesia and anesthesia Organizes topics by species for agents and methods of providing anesthesia, analgesia, and post-op care to animals No other American text is devoted entirely to this topic

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management
Author: Cholawat Pacharinsak,Jennifer C. Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN 10: 1315356597
ISBN 13: 9781315356594
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management Book Review:

Key features: Presents practical information in easily accessible ‘bullet point’ format Covers anesthetic machine and related equipment, anesthetic management and monitoring, anesthesia and analgesia pharmacology, euthanasia, and record keeping Written by well-recognized experts in the laboratory animal community Provides extensive references to direct the reader to sources for further study of alternative techniques and their procedures Concludes with a thorough chapter on Regulatory Management of Rodent Anesthesia which has global application Rodents are the most commonly used species in biomedical research. Individuals conducting rodent research are often responsible to ensure that all areas of anesthesia and analgesia are performed humanely. Anesthetic agent selection, anesthetic monitoring, and postoperative pain assessment and management are essential to the institutional animal care and use program and contribute significantly to the 3Rs by reducing pain and/or distress and refining various procedures. The Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management: Rodents is the first book to capture multiple advances in this important area that greatly impacts various experimental methodologies. Richly illustrated in full color, the book serves as a quick reference source for investigators, veterinarians, technicians, and other animal caretakers charged with the care and use of rodents in a research setting. The unique format of this book also makes it extremely valuable to IACUC members, institutional officials, and occupational health and safety professionals.

Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia

Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia
Author: Kurt A. Grimm,Leigh A. Lamont,William J. Tranquilli,Stephen A. Greene,Sheilah A. Robertson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1072
Release: 2015-05-11
ISBN 10: 1118526236
ISBN 13: 9781118526231
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia Book Review:

Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia: the Fifth Edition of Lumb and Jones is a reorganized and updated edition of the gold-standard reference for anesthesia and pain management in veterinary patients. Provides a thoroughly updated edition of this comprehensive reference on veterinary anesthesia and analgesia, combining state-of-the-art scientific knowledge and clinically relevant information Covers immobilization, sedation, anesthesia, and analgesia of companion, wild, zoo, and laboratory animals Takes a body systems approach for easier reference to information about anesthetizing patients with existing conditions Adds 10 completely new chapters with in-depth discussions of perioperative heat balance, coagulation disorders, pacemaker implantation, cardiac output measurement, cardiopulmonary bypass, shelter anesthesia and pain management, anesthetic risk assessment, principles of anesthetic pharmacology, and more Now printed in color, with more than 400 images

Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia

Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia
Author: Kurt A. Grimm,William J. Tranquilli,Leigh A. Lamont
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2011-11-16
ISBN 10: 1119946182
ISBN 13: 9781119946182
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia Book Review:

Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia, Second Edition presents the fundamentals of managing small animal anesthesia patients in a clinically relevant, accessible manual. The bulk of the book is distilled from Lumb and Jones' Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia to provide authoritative information in a quick-reference format, with references to Lumb and Jones' throughout for easy access to further detail. Logically reorganized with an easy-to-use structure and an increased focus on pain management, this new edition features new chapters on equipment and managing specific conditions. The Second Edition has been updated to reflect current practices in anesthesia and analgesia, and a new companion website offers review questions and answers, video clips, and an image bank with additional figures not found in the printed book. Essentials of Small Animal Anesthesia and Analgesia, Second Edition provides veterinary care providers and students with key information on anesthetic and analgesic pharmacology, physiology, patient assessment, and clinical case management.

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
Author: American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2008-06-23
ISBN 10: 0123738989
ISBN 13: 9780123738981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals Book Review:

Since the publication of the first edition, interest in the field has continued to rise, most notably in pain management. Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals focuses on the special anesthetic, analgesic, and post-operative care requirements associated with experimental surgery. Fully revised and updated this new edition provides the reader with agents, methods, and techniques for anesthesia and analgesia that ensure humane and successful procedural outcomes. * New to this edition - Section V which deals with new issues covering pain research, ethical issues, legal issues, and imaging studies. S * New to this edition - Section IV now includes chapters on ferrets, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates. *

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia
Author: Paul Flecknell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2015-09-21
ISBN 10: 0128005785
ISBN 13: 9780128005781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia Book Review:

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia, Fourth Edition provides a basic guide to anaesthesia for a very diverse audience needing content, with straight-forward, structured style of writing. Updated with effects of anaesthetics in different laboratory species, including sources of dose rates will be incorporated into tabular material. New information on pain assessment and pain management will be covered, and an increased emphasis on rats and mice for anaesthesia and perioperative care. With newly revised, full color illustrations to facilitate best learning, Laboratory animal Anesthesia, Fourth Edition provides procedures, key points and invaluable advice from a well-known and respected veterinary anesthetist and scientist with over 30 years of experience in the field. Written by a veterinary anesthetist and scientist with over 30 years' experience in the field, and who is actively engaged in research in this area Focuses on procedures involving rats and mice used in research Provides those with limited experience of anesthesia with the information they need to carry our procedures effectively, safely, and humanely, as well as those with more experience to continue a career with laboratory animal model research Includes rapid, easily accessed information using tabulated summaries

Veterinary Anaesthesia E Book

Veterinary Anaesthesia E Book
Author: Kathy W. Clarke,Cynthia M. Trim
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 625
Release: 2013-06-28
ISBN 10: 0702054232
ISBN 13: 9780702054235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Veterinary Anaesthesia E Book Book Review:

This is a fully revised new edition of this essential text covering anaesthesia and analgesia in all large and small animal species. The new edition has greatly expanded sections on anaesthesia of exotic species such as small mammals, llamas, camels and many more, and also has a new section on anaesthesia of wild animals, both large and small, and birds. The book is divided into 3 sections; the first, Principles and Procedures covers pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, monitoring, sedation and premedication and much more. The second section comprises chapters on anaesthesia in all the main species and the third section covers anaesthesia in special cases, complications and crises ! Almost 200 prints and line illustrations enhance the comprehensive text, and make the new edition of Veterinary Anaesthesia 10/e an essential purchase for all vets ! all large and small animal species covered in one book: includes new advances in anaesthesia in horses, birds, lab animals and wild animals glossary of USA and UK drug names: up-dated coverage of all new anaesthetic agents in Europe and the USA first section covers principles of drug action, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics the only book to discuss anaesthesia of individual species in detail: lot of info on anaesthesia of goats, sheep and other herbivores such as camels and llamas also covers analgesia in all species chapter on special cases such as anaesthesia in obstetrics chapter on anaesthetic accidents and crises ! the new edition will be made more student-friendly by adding special boxes in the text which will be relevant for this group. Full revision and update of content

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 1992-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309042755
ISBN 13: 9780309042758
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals Book Review:

Clear guidelines on the proper care and use of laboratory animals are being sought by researchers and members of the many committees formed to oversee animal care at universities as well as the general public. This book provides a comprehensive overview of what we know about behavior, pain, and distress in laboratory animals. The volume explores: Stressors in the laboratory and the animal behaviors they cause, including in-depth discussions of the physiology of pain and distress and the animal's ecological relationship to the laboratory as an environment. A review of euthanasia of lab animals--exploring the decision, the methods, and the emotional effects on technicians. Also included is a highly practical, extensive listing, by species, of dosages and side effects of anesthetics, analgesics, and tranquilizers.

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals
Author: National Research Council,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Regulatory Issues in Animal Care and Use
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2001-01-26
ISBN 10: 0309072913
ISBN 13: 9780309072915
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals Book Review:

In this first in a proposed series of workshops on regulatory issues in animal care and use, the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) has addressed the existing and proposed requirements for reporting pain and distress in laboratory animals. The Animal Welfare Act, administered by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), mandates that pain and distress in laboratory animals be minimized. USDA is considering two policy changes with regard to this specific mandate. Firstly, since there has been no functional definition of "distress," USDA has prepared such a definition and requested feedback from the scientific community on its usefulness for regulatory and reporting requirements. The second issue concerns the pain and distress categorization scheme for reporting to USDA. Various groups and individuals have questioned the efficacy of the current categories, and specific changes have been proposed by the Humane Society of the United States. USDA is considering these and other potential changes to the existing scheme. Thus, given these potential changes to animal welfare policy, the aim of the ILAR/NIH joint workshop was to provide feedback to the USDA. The speakers were asked to address these two issues as well as to comment upon whether the information contained in the 1992 ILAR report Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals is still useful to investigators in assisting them to comply with regulations. The speakers provided perspectives based on their individual expertise in the areas of science of pain and distress, animal welfare policy, protocol review, and/or as representatives of relevant organizations or institutions. The following proceedings are an edited transcript of their presentations.

Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia

Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia
Author: Luis Campoy,Matt R. Read
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2013-02-18
ISBN 10: 0813819946
ISBN 13: 9780813819945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia Book Review:

Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia is an up-to-date, complete resource for performing local anesthetic techniques in small animals. This practical, clinically oriented reference presents step-by-step procedures for performing common locoregional blocks and is organized logically by body system. The first book to draw information on this topic into one resource, Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia is equally useful as a comprehensive reference and as a quick source of information with checklists and pictures to assist with performing various blocks in practice. Beginning with introductory sections offering an overview of general considerations for patient preparation and pharmacology, the heart of the book is devoted to detailed instructions for performing regional anesthetic techniques, including reviews of the literature, useful illustrations, diagrams, and clinical tips. Small Animal Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia provides an invaluable tool for veterinary anesthesiologists and practitioners who incorporate local and regional anesthetic techniques into their small animal practices.

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management
Author: Cholawat Pacharinsak,Jennifer C. Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN 10: 1466585684
ISBN 13: 9781466585683
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management Book Review:

Key features: Presents practical information in easily accessible ‘bullet point’ format Covers anesthetic machine and related equipment, anesthetic management and monitoring, anesthesia and analgesia pharmacology, euthanasia, and record keeping Written by well-recognized experts in the laboratory animal community Provides extensive references to direct the reader to sources for further study of alternative techniques and their procedures Concludes with a thorough chapter on Regulatory Management of Rodent Anesthesia which has global application Rodents are the most commonly used species in biomedical research. Individuals conducting rodent research are often responsible to ensure that all areas of anesthesia and analgesia are performed humanely. Anesthetic agent selection, anesthetic monitoring, and postoperative pain assessment and management are essential to the institutional animal care and use program and contribute significantly to the 3Rs by reducing pain and/or distress and refining various procedures. The Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management: Rodents is the first book to capture multiple advances in this important area that greatly impacts various experimental methodologies. Richly illustrated in full color, the book serves as a quick reference source for investigators, veterinarians, technicians, and other animal caretakers charged with the care and use of rodents in a research setting. The unique format of this book also makes it extremely valuable to IACUC members, institutional officials, and occupational health and safety professionals.

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science
Author: Jann Hau,Steven J. Schapiro
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1012
Release: 2021-05-17
ISBN 10: 0429801599
ISBN 13: 9780429801594
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Book Review:

Building upon the success of previous editions of the bestselling Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science, first published in 1994, this latest revision combines all three volumes in one definitive guide. It covers the essential principles and practices of Laboratory Animal Science as well as selected animal models in scientific disciplines where much progress has been made in recent years. Each individual chapter focuses on an important subdiscipline of laboratory animal science, and the chapters can be read and used as stand-alone texts, with only limited necessity to consult other chapters for information. With new contributors at the forefront of their fields, the book reflects the scientific and technological advances of the past decade. It also responds to advances in our understanding of animal behavior, emphasizing the importance of implementing the three Rs: replacing live animals with alternative methods, reducing the number of animals used, and refining techniques to minimize animal discomfort. This fourth edition will be useful all over the world as a textbook for laboratory animal science courses for postgraduate and undergraduate students and as a handbook for scientists who work with animals in their research, for university veterinarians, and for other specialists in laboratory animal science.

Swine in the Laboratory

Swine in the Laboratory
Author: M. Michael Swindle,Alison C. Smith
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 607
Release: 2015-10-28
ISBN 10: 1466553529
ISBN 13: 9781466553521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Swine in the Laboratory Book Review:

For two decades, Swine in the Laboratory: Surgery, Anesthesia, and Experimental Techniques has been the most respected practical technical guide for medical and veterinary researchers using swine as experimental animals. Extensively updated and expanded since the publication of the second edition in 2007 and now sponsored by the American College of

Pain Management in Animals

Pain Management in Animals
Author: P. A. Flecknell,Avril Waterman-Pearson
Publsiher: Saunders Limited
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9780702017674
ISBN 13: 0702017671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pain Management in Animals Book Review:

An ever-increasing number of drugs are available to veterinarians for use in the control of pain. This new, concise guide gives vets with all the information they need to choose the most appropriate pain medication for any clinical situation. Introductory chapters explain the physiology of pain and the pharmacology of analgesics, and are followed by detailed chapters on management of acute and post-operative pain and chronic pain, the problems of pain management and pain assessment. Written by an international team of veterinary pain management experts, Pain Management in Animals provides vets with all the information they need to provide good pain control in all their patients.

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management E Book

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management   E Book
Author: James S. Gaynor,William W. Muir
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-01-29
ISBN 10: 0323062903
ISBN 13: 9780323062909
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management E Book Book Review:

You can trust this user-friendly guide to help you meet the increasing need for effective pain management in the animals you treat. It provides instant access to clinically relevant information on pain assessment, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatment options, guidelines for managing acute and chronic pain, and unique aspects of pain management in dogs, cats, horses, cattle, birds, reptiles, ferrets, and rabbits. User-friendly format helps you quickly and easily find essential pain management information. Helpful boxes and tables provide at-a-glance access to pharmacologic protocols and clinical applications, including dosages, indications, contraindications, and side effects. Complementary and alternative treatment strategies are included throughout to assist you in using the latest non-pharmacological pain interventions. Case studies clearly illustrate the practical applications of key concepts in the clinical setting and help you sharpen your pain assessment and management skills. New contributors — many of the most respected experts in the field — share their insights and experiences to bring you the most current thinking in this ever-changing discipline. Completely revised and updated content throughout ensures you are using the best and most current information available on analgesic drugs and pain management techniques. An expanded chapter on Pain Management in Horses and Cattle explores the latest advances in treating this group of animals. Eight new chapters offer cutting-edge coverage of hot topics in the field, including: Pain Management in the Cat Pain Management for the Pet Bird Clinical Approaches to Analgesia in Reptiles Clinical Approaches to Analgesia in Ferrets and Rabbits Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation in Dogs Rehabilitation Methods and Modalities for the Cat Quality of Life Issues Hospice and Palliative Care

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia and Analgesia

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Author: Paul Flecknell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-02-01
ISBN 10: 0128182695
ISBN 13: 9780128182697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia and Analgesia Book Review:

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia and Analgesia

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets
Author: Stephen A. Greene
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2001-12-27
ISBN 10: 9781560534426
ISBN 13: 1560534427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets Book Review:

The highly popular Secrets Series® presents an important new resource for veterinarians in this comprehensive, yet focused, coverage of one of the most important and fastest-emerging specialties in veterinary medicine. Among the topics covered are Patient Management, Preparation, Pharmacology, Monitoring, Anesthetic Complications, Anesthesia and Systemic Disease, Special Anesthetic Considerations, Regional Anesthesia, and Pain Management for Small Animals. Emerging area of pain management is covered as well as anesthesia Greene one of the major authorities on pain management Proven Secrets format makes this a unique offering

Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research

Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2003-08-22
ISBN 10: 9780309167857
ISBN 13: 030916785X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research Book Review:

Expanding on the National Research Council’s Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, this book deals specifically with mammals in neuroscience and behavioral research laboratories. It offers flexible guidelines for the care of these animals, and guidance on adapting these guidelines to various situations without hindering the research process. Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research offers a more in-depth treatment of concerns specific to these disciplines than any previous guide on animal care and use. It treats on such important subjects as: The important role that the researcher and veterinarian play in developing animal protocols. Methods for assessing and ensuring an animal’s well-being. General animal-care elements as they apply to neuroscience and behavioral research, and common animal welfare challenges this research can pose. The use of professional judgment and careful interpretation of regulations and guidelines to develop performance standards ensuring animal well-being and high-quality research. Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research treats the development and evaluation of animal-use protocols as a decision-making process, not just a decision. To this end, it presents the most current, in-depth information about the best practices for animal care and use, as they pertain to the intricacies of neuroscience and behavioral research.